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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H., 1909.
19 r 1? -v utfixftsm a ory uulfurm cliaructor uud couipuillluu Thu gull Is uf a dark red on llio lowluuds unU red uud gray on tho uplands. It U of extreme fineness and contains a lilgu per centage ut loud elements bucIi us lluiu, pot usli, phosphoric acid, etc., all of which is do cldcdly advantageous when It comes to tliu question ut Irrlgatluu und thu usu u( fertili zers. In thu settlement of aftulra between tho Mctlrydu Estate Ltd. aud thu McIIrydo Sugai Cumpauy, Limited, thu cumpuuy was must fortunate In securing thu entire cuttle ninth by means of which absolute control of tliu watershed lying above thu cane lauds was obtained. Thu control of this watershed Is UAtieiiiely valuable, not uluuu fur Increasing thu supply from thu surface mountain streams, but for its effect In Increasing tho ralufull to All thu subtorruueuu streams und for an artesian (low to supply tho pumping stations at a tlmo when thu natural streams uru luw. Wator from this source goes to tho Kalahco homesteads. Tliu company has five electric pumping stations, four at Uanapepu and one at La wal, thu current generated by watei power. There Is still ouo steam pump In Ilauapopu. In Lawal twenty-four wells havo been bored and cased. TbeBu wells hau nil been tapped by a 4 x C tunnel 1640 feet lung, beginning sixteen feet below sea level nt one end and twoho feet at tho other. Tho Steam l'umplng station No. 3, located In llanapepo gulch, consists of a Hlsdun high lift pump of 10,000,000 gallons dally capacity, lifting tho wateu 3S0 feet. Steam Is generated with three Holno boilers and supplied with the Green fuel economizers. Water for tho system Is obtained from wells, surface tunnels and water rights from liana popo stream. Elaborate Irrigation System. Tho main water supply cmnes from tho Wahtawa stream ut an altitude uf 1G00 feet and Is conducted through n tunnel 1(150 feet In length, having a capacity of 300,000,000 gnltons In twenty-four hours, and discharges Into twenty-six reservoirs halng n total capacity of 800,000,000 gallons. Tho reservoirs havo n capacity us follows' Gallons. No. 1 101,000,000 No. 2 80,000.000 No. 3 100,000,000 No. 4 24,000,000 No. S 32,000,000 No. C 18.000,000 No. 7 23,000,000 No. 8 105,000,000 No. 9 34,000,000 No. 10 7.000,000 No. 11 4.000.000 No. 12 11,000,000 No. 13 10.000,000 No. 14 IG.000,000 No. 15 9,000,000 No. 1G C.000,000 No. 17 Not constructed. No. 18 70,000,000 No. 19 2.000,000 No. 20 45.000,000 No. 21 2,500,000 No. 22 1C.000.000 No. 23 1.250 000 No. 24 250,000 No. 25 5,500,000 No. 20 40,000,000 No. 27 2,000,000 Tho water for tho rcsorvolrs connects with tho same ditches Into which the pumps dis charge) at their several lifts or olovatlons. This permits continuous Irrigation from reservoirs or pumps. All tho reservoirs aro connected with each other bo that water can bo drawn from any ono to tho main supply ditch. Tho main ditches leading down from tho cscrvolrs to tho ditch system, which Is sup piled by tho pumping systems, aro about two feet deep and five feet wldo having a fall of from fifteen to twenty feet In a mllo and a half. Tho main distributing ditches havo a fall of flvo feet to the mile, having a nor mal carrying capacity of 25,000,000 gallons' In twenty-four hours. In convoying water across gulchos Invert- LsISpS One of the Prize Kalahco FbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbV - HLSkv -4IbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbH IS jiBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBV lLiB. . ,K&BBu-.rVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBl Uri Vs. Mji22SsssssssH K IbbbbVbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbI bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbA HbbbbV H HVV lt2jt ""IBBBBBBBBBBbH rld.ji A -. -.v .sflllllPWtopBBa4aaBVHiBBBBBBBBBV BS&'MiMimiik "- WMPSTSSSIIbbSibbbIbbM BMCaBBBBMfcBfo"'i8 VjJpJbMbbbIbbbbB Scene ed syphons huvu been laid, Uelng 33 lnc.i double rheled steel pipe. 'Ihu next wutur supply Is Hum Kalalieo und Lau.il sti earns 'this wutur Is Intercepted In Its ton roe uy n concrete dkcitlng dum und tuuveyed thruugh a ditch two and u half miles in length having u maximum capacity of 25, UUU.000 gallons In tw cut) -lour hours uud tak ing thu wutur tu thu West Luwul cane fields extending clear across thu Kuwuluhaku gulch. A reservoir situated In West Lawal is used to Bturu tho llood waters I loin thu Luwul ditch system, which has u capacity uf Bturlug 25,V00,UvU gallons. One largu reservoir is situated ubuut half a mile bulow tesurvolr No. 4, In Kuwuluhuku gulch. Thu dam which retains this wuter is 11(1 -two feet In height uud retains 155,000 000 gallons. Several itsurvolrs sltuuted at Uast Luw at aud holding about 150,000,000 gallons uf water uru (tiled (rum thu Hood water uf Law at stream and uru used (or Irrl gating thu L'ust Lawal lauds. Thu Luw at uud Kalahco struums have u normal How of 2,000,000 gallons o( water per day during thu dry seasun. Upuu thu old Koloa lands, now a part o( the McIIrydo plantation, reservoirs have been constructed having a capacity fur stor ing abuut 00,000,000 gallons and aro supplied through a ditch system (rum tliu Lawal stream and from thu local water Bheds. This water Irrigates thu cane planted upuu thu uld Kulua lands. There Is a reservoir In Oman gulch having n capacity o 30,000,000 gallons. Wuter at Huuupupu gulch is devel oped partly from bored wells, water tunnels reaching towards thu bluff and river, and ulso u schemu by which tho water cm be taken from thu bed of thu river tu tliu main pump. The main tunnel towards thu inutin tain is 400 feet long and tho tunnel towards the river Is clghty-slx feet long. Distinctive Sugar Factory. The sugar factor) contains many decid edly interesting and novel (oaturso. It Is what Is known as tho O. U. Stlllmau Cuban mill, this ty pu of factory being quite common In thu sugar districts of Cuba. Thu milling plant consists of three 31x81 3 roller mills driven by two Harris Corliss engines, nggru gating 550 horsepower In tho feed chuto of tho first mill Is u set of revolving knives which chop the cane us It conies from tho cane currier, making a good oven feed fur tho mill. Theco knives aio driven fiiim thu flywheel of thu first mill englno through a counter-shaft. Thu bigasso Is convened bv mima Hometteads, Kauai, i dAWMMoerfiK. ms:- rifrtf&fi&xMS&HMS'f n? aammm from Mountain Stream Among McBryde Water a steel shit conveyor tu tho boiler room wheio It is automatically fed to thu fuur fur naces. Any excess of bagasso is drupped lulo another conveyor which takes It tu thu bugassu room, where it Is stured until re quired fur bulling uff ur when un excess o fuel Is required. Thu boiling plant consists of fuur 3oO horsvpower lluzeltou porcupine wutertubo bullets bcrvcd by Hurt forced draught fur naces. Tho air for thu furnaces Is supplied by a lurgu Uuffulu (an driven by Its own en glue. In thu boiling huusu uro two Stlllmau patent cvuporutors, two vacuum pans cap ablo of striking twenty tous of sugar every live hours; eleven (liter presses; sixteen 40 inch water-driven centrifugals driven by two powerful Dow compound pumps, und live depreciating tanks taking thu place of, settling tanks. A 300 light dynamo supplies thu factory with light. This luctury was designed uud built by O. 11. Stlllmau. Thu steel structural wurk uf thu buildings was niudu by Mllllkeu Uros of Now Yurk. Tliu ceulrlfugals, evaporators vacuum pans und filter presses weru sup plied by tho Amerlcuu Tool and Machine Co, uf llostou. Thu nine-roller mill came from tho I'arrel Foundry uf Ausonla, Connecticut, while all thu pumps wera made by tho Hlako Co. of New York Thu machine, blacksmith and carpenter shops aro adjacent to thu mill, convenient!) in ranged and fitted with modern tools and appliances for making all necessary repairs, Clusu to thu mill and shops is n largu ware house, where u good stock of supplies for thu mill uud plantation Is kept. Thu mill and shops make a neat and Im posing group of buildings, but differing con hiilcrably In appearance from thu average sugar mill of thu Islands This factory dues nrst class work and Is u success In all de partments, giving utmost satisfaction to tht management. Tho output of sugar for the 1908 crop was 11,337 tons from thu following acreage; 1G29 acres plaut, and 830 acres rattoons, making a total of 2459 acres. Tho 1909 crop will ciimo from 2700 acres, tho estimate being 13,000 tons of sugar. The plantation owns eighteen and ono half miles of permanent lallroad track and 400 cane curs, having a 30-Inch gauge, laid with 30-pound steel rails and well ballasted Three Ilaldwln engines haul the cars to thu mill. In addition to tho above trackage Is about ten miles of portable track for thu cauu fields, which handle tho cane direct un Two Portuguese Hometteads on the BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBMBfl'M I " UttKjBSUMMr'iM Sources. to the main truck and theucu to thu mill this railroad system extends from l.lcele thruugh Wuhlavva, West Luwai, Uast Luwai and to Kulua village There Is u brunch lino extending uluug thu Huuupupu gulch tu pumping station No 3, while a spur runs duwu tu Kukululu beach Conn sand trout Ktikutulu 1b utilized for fertilizing und other put poses. Another Bpur twu miles In length extends to lasl Lawal, while a one-iullo track has been built to West Lawal. Ihu company has lu usu fuur sets ut row ler's steam plow tacklu, teduelug to u min imum thu cost of preparing thu sull for planting vltli ono set uf thesu tackles it Is possible to turn over thu bull uu twulvu acres of luud tu u depth of from sixteen to twenty Inches during u ten hour day. Uu thu pasture uud loiesl lauds uf tho company is raised sulllelent cattle to supply thu employes with meat aud lu this respect McIIrydo Is somewhat uioru furtuuatu than many of thu plantations. Kleele Is thu point fur receiving till freight and thu shipment ut thu sugar pioduct. Breakwater for Harbor. Ihu Kauut Hallway Co, Ltd lias Just put lu a breakwater ut L'Icelo, uud on thu wharves are two lurgu freight warehouses and two sugar warehouses with a capactly oi 10,100 tons of sugar uud freight L'acli sugar warehouse will contain 4000 tons of siigur. All uf thu Hawaiian Sugar Com pany's sugar Is shipped (rum this port. This railroad connecting thu twu plantations will bu of paramount Impoitaiicu lu casu of a nru in either mill us thu cane can bu shipped tu either mill uud no luss will occur. This railroad with its extension may lu tlmo eli de thu Island. Thu connections with other plantation railway systems would bu a com paratively slmplo matter. Good Schools. Thu Toirltorlul Government has establish ed a good school nt Kalalieo, in thu heart of tho plantation piupurty mid the plantation gives monetary assistance to the schools nt llanapepo and Kleolo Thu cumpauy employs about 1350 skilled and unskilled laborers most of tliu cutting, loading and cultivation being done under tho contract system. Electricity Development. In tho Kauai Uluctrlc Compiny's new scheme at Walnllin, lu thu Hanalcl district tho McIIrydo Sugar Company has entered Into tho most comprchenslvo operation of thu kind ever undertaken In thu Islands, us McIIrydo owns tho controlling Interest in Kalaheo District, Island of Kauai, sw -.'. t . J '"itfhtf iJWMriWYfflff