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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H ltOO.
i I 20 tlio new company. During tho cnrly pnrt of 1905 ilia electric company began operations ul Wnlnllm, vvhcio electric power Is genor ult'il nt u power limmo near Mnunaloa. Tlio power obtUnod from tho Wulnllia stream is convejed by u transmission lluu thlrtj llo mllui In lcngtli through tlio llnnnlol district, Wnlliia, tlio mauka Llliuo lands, Kolon Onp and over tlio Mcllrydo lands to llnunpcpo. Tlio plantation obtains 2100 horsepower from tho electric coiiipany, which Is used to run tlio pumping plants, iiiaclilno shops, tho i:icclo Innclliig machinery, elc Any sparo power could bo utilized to propel the rnllionci locomotives mid tho steam plows. Space Is left In tho electrical building for another mill of 1200 kilowatts, which, bIiouM It bo Install ed, would glvo tho plantation a total of 3C00 horsepower. With this clectrlcnl power tho plantation Is ablo to savo largo sums of money, which hercloforo hnvo been expended upon coal used at tho pumping plants nnd tho labor pay roll will aim bo materially reduced Win. Stoddart Is tho manager for tho Mc llrydo Sugar Company with which ho has LAND LAWS OF HAWAII AND THEIR RELATION TO HOMESTEADS AND THE LABOR QUESTION By W. A. THK history of most sugar countries Is one of general degeneration llnnlly ending In disaster. Some sny this Is because theio Is something about sugar and this sugar Industiy that llnally and permanently Injures every country that tonics to i el) upon It for Industrial suc iess. Others, with moro reason, point out that the tioublo is not with sugar us such but Willi the fait thut thus far sugar pro ducing countries left to themselves havo geiifiully Intiuducod to work their fields a low nod degeueinto class of people who In turn havo permanently dcstiojed the pros peilly of the country. In Hawaii there are two conlllrtllig Ideas on this Issuo. Some believe the Ideal condition for Hawaii, und for umtlnucd success of the sugar indus try, would bo plenty of cheap male laborers unattached to tho soil unencumbered by women or children, except to an extent necessary to keep down posltlvo disorder, and with no right und us llttlo desire as practicable to acquire land. Others be lieve that wo would Inevitably come to grief working on those lines; that whllo such conditions appear to bu an Ideal from a money making standpoint, jet it Is a caso where things are not what thoy seem, and the tlnal tesiitt would bo Industrial chaos and loss oven from the standpoint puro and simple of dollars and cents. It is becoming apparent of late that the Ideas of tho Inter class uio coming to tho foie and tho old Idea Is passing away, nnd this on a mere question of dollais und cents without at tempting to mix morals or high Ideals in the IsHue at all. In other words, thoso In loutrol of tho Industrial affairs of Hawaii me coming more mid moro to believe that prosperity measured even In dollars and i cuts Is surer In the end If wo adopt the course of ttlscnui aging alien Immigration which cannot develop into desirable and loj-al citizenship, and by cutting up a large tin t of the lands of the country Into small holdings for uso and cultivation by a land owning and citizen cluss. Taken ns n wholo the lands of tho couu try naturally divide themselves up Into the sugar lauds on tho coast und small farming, and fruit and homestead lauds on tbo higher levels need not conlllct materially with the use of the lower lauds for cane. Hut the man on the high lovels, to live on the comparatively few acres that uro avail able for eiuii, must hnvo cheap transporta tion for his piodiue, not merely tu tho sea (oast but to tho co.ist of tho mainland, and he must have rapid and cheap transporta tion for himself to the sen coast where ho can hell his labor to tho plantation or othor labor employing concern to the mutual ad vantage of both. Land like that of the Koolau dlstllrt, on O.ihu, where cune does not do well, could with rapid transit fur nish labor for Kahukii and oven Wnlalua Plantations; ICwn Pliintntlnu nnd O.ihu limitation, und Walnluu Plantation ns well, should draw labor from the upland territory ljlng between tho Kvvii district and tho Wululuu district. Hawaiian Com ineiiiul & Sugar Company, on tho Island of Maul, ought to bo nblo to draw a sup ply or labor fiom tho kulu lands nhovo It nnd tho pineapple lands to the windward side of that plantation, nnd so on. Some plantations would bo handicapped by local conditions but In the main the proposition stands good that the low lands are suitable been associated eight jours. Previous to that timet ho was connected with tho Hawai ian Commercial & Sugar Company for nine j ears, ami in jour at Honolulu Plantation when he elected their mill. l-'or assistants ho has the following staff: Head Overseer, Alexander Morrison; Chief Mill llnglnecr, Norman Kay; llookkeoper John II. Hole; Assistant Itookkeepcrs, 1st It. 11. Mnconachlo. 2nd Uan'l Lyons; Time keepers. V. Cameron and Charles Itattrny; Pump Knglneer, J. C Monro; Sugar Holler. K. W. Kinney; Chomlst. W. .1. do Vrles; Store Manager. John Lennox; Steam Plow Knglneer, Win. Kruse; Carpenter, It, 1). Mot or; Physician M. J. O'Neill, M. I). Oinccrs of tlio Company: President, 1). P. It. Iseiibcrg. Vice-President. 11. K. Dillingham. Treasurer, K. II. Wodchouso. Secretary, T. C. Davles. Auditor II W. M. Mist. Directors It. W T. Purvis. .1 M. Lydgite. Albert S V. Wilcox, V M. Swnnzy, W. 1). Mcllrydo. Honolulu Agents, Then II. Davles & Com pany. Ltd, KINNEY for cano nnd the uplands lor fruit and small fm tiling. In other words, jou can not us ii general iuIo raise us good fruit, ui nilbe It us cheaply or us well down ou tho coast as jou can on tlio higher lovels, mid, vice versa, jou cannot rulso cane ou the higher lovels us cheaply or us well us jou cmi on the lower lovels. Thero Is a natural adjustment hero so thut tho small fuuner, so-called, need not Inlcrfoie materially with the sugar Industry but will learn to lean upon It unci vice versa. Hut this all means railroads. It means the establishment of factories to handlo the pioduce of these higher lovels, und it menus quick mid cheap transportation to tho co.ist. Peoplo may suj- "tho planta tions me not going to accept any such pioposltlon." Tho plantations, In my Judgment, will huvo very little to say about It; they will cither uccept It or uveutiiully go out of business. We must leuieiuber that the chief vuluo of Hawaii is nut its cano industry or anything else that It can rulso lu uu Industrial way. Its chief value is its naval und stratcgcltc value, not so much to Itself but to Klgbty -Millions of American citizens on the main land, und If you put all thai we can raUu and tho vuluo of our plantations and our own Iiupoituuco in tho scales ugalust the naval und strategic value of Hawaii to tho mainland our sldo of It will not weigh ut all. If tho Federal Government and Congress como tu tho conclusion that plan tations necessarily, nnd ns u permanent thing, depreciate the uavul und strategic vuluo of tho Islands, the plantations will ho wiped out. To put It In other words. If cheap labor, undesirable for citizenship, Is essential to the maintenance of tho plantations, und wo prove that to tho satisfaction or tho United Stutcs govern ment, the result will not bo thut wo shall get cheap luhor but qulto to tho contrary the icsult will bo thut we shall be wiped oh the slate. Hut thore Is an Increasing number of business men In Hawaii who beltevo that thero Is nothing to provent us raising sugar mid other tioplcul prod ucts In u wuy tu promoto rather than dc pteciato the value of Hawaii us a naval and military base, and to tho Idea Is glowing und developing in unexpected liiaiteis, light in tho heart of plantation Unics und among old-time plantation men, pointing to n local policy lu accord with tho doiiies and plans of tho I-Viler il (lovorn inent towaids Hawaii, und, in' my Judg ment, tho net result of this will bo not to niln Hawaii but to break tho tlmo-lionorcd precedent that sugar will prove tho lulu or mi) i ou h try that tics to It, und wo shall find that while piollts may not bo as great us they hnvo been, they will bo surer, nnd tho gioss vuluo of the plantations and oilier Industries us gient ns they uro to day. To ii"compllsh tho deslied icsult Ha waii must hnvo plenty of time nnd should bonow money, und on a largo bcnlo to nld her. She should subsidize, under close government coutiul, uillwajs on all tho lending Islands, and tho steamship com panies ns well. This does not mean an antl-Aslntlc program In the uciepted sense or tho word. Hawaii Is hero ut tho cross roads; theio will always ho a laigo Asiatic population hero, and rightly so, but it must bo uu Asiatic population without Asiatic izlng the Islands; the control, the domlna- Hon must bo In the hands of our own peo ple mill the natural drift our way. All new countries that have been touch ed nt nil by enterprise are reaching ul their hands for desirable Immigrants; New calami mid South American Republics nre offering bonuses In the way of land, money, cattle, limces, loans nnd what not. Wo cannot expert, Isolated ns we are and with rather unfavorable conditions around us, to get our share without doing mare even than our neighbors in the way of Induce ment. We have not tho large areas of land to give nut; nnd wo cannot hnvo nny substantial population hero unless tho amount of land to be given each man Is small. Wo must make up for tho diminu tive nrens by bringing the mnrkot for tho pioduco of such Innds near at hand and by Llhue Plantation Hospital. The most completely equipped hospital on the Islands. LIHUE PLANTATION COMPANY Takes Special Pride In Its Perfect Hos pitalsPioneer Forestration Lllll'i: plantation Is u proiltablo lustttu Hon, homesteads a good share of its labor and wns a pioneer In forestru lion Hut of all tho features or plan tation enterprise In which prldo Is taken the Llliuo Hospital takes first place. Thero Ib probably nowhere in tho world a moro complete hospital for Its slzo than tho Llliuo plantation hospital In which the pooiest laborer us well us tho most wealthy citizen may iccclvo all or the modern bene fits which medicine und surgery hnvo dls covered to heal tho sick and relievo tho suf fering. This splendid hospital building wns erect ed at uu expense or $11,000. and contains scparuto wnrds ror tho well-to-do peoplo, separate wnrds for tho better cluss of people opeiutlug loom dispensary, kitchen fitted with latest appliances, dining room, nurses' parlor, etc Tho building has a lanal (veran dah) In front from ten to tvvclvo feet wide, from whenco a splendid vlow Is obtainable Recently n now Sun houso or tuberculosis ward hits been built, a complcto sterilizing apparatus, nnd tho very Intcst X-ray ma chlno with a coll throwing a 17-Inch spark. Co-operative Labor. Tho totnl number of skilled nnd unskilled laborers upon tho plantation Ib 1G50, about 90 per cent, of which uro day laborers, tho Plantation Mill resorting In Intensive cultivation. The situation demand- n partnership between the Federal nnd Territorial government. The latter should contribute, nnd contri bute largely, In ono way and another lo wnrils securing tho desired result, because tho result to be secured by such effort Inures quite ns much, If not more, to tho advantage of tho mainland than It dues to us locally Such Ideas are gaining gtound In Congress nnd will be recognized moro mid moro ns tho American pccpls I call re that to bring Hawaii to tho tni'i standnrd of n great naval nnd mllll.uy luisc In the central Pacific sho must not merely build forts nnd man the guns tem porarily with soldiers, hut behind tho forts and guns she must hnvo a loyal, dovoted mid prosperous people. ballunce being company men or profit sharers, working under what Is known as tho co-operative system. Iloth classes of labor receive in addition to their wages, frco house room, water, fuel, medlcil utiendaiice nnd rreo euro at tho Company hospltnl. Most of tho Portuguese mid derm ins oin ployed are very Industrious, nnd tho numer ous gulches und small pockets of .good land nro given over to the worthy portion or tho help, who havo established beautiful gur den patches, where all kinds of vegetables and general garden truck reach tho highest state of perfection. Somo of theio homo tracts nre from one to three acres, and In many cases n horso and a cow uro main tained. Tho inrgo holdings or tho Llhus Planta tion Compuny cover tho districts of Llliuo nnd Hnnnmnulu on tho Island or Kauai. Tho consolidation or tho old original Llliuo and Ilnnnmaulu plantations In 189S gavo tho present company a total area of 38,000 acres, which la held In fco slmplo nnd long leaseholds, or this approximately 7401) ncrc-B Is considered good cano land, part or whlchls lying fnllovv, nnd according to late tax returns tho total ncrcago under cultiva tion wns G400 acres. The first enno wns planted In this district fifty-nine years ago by W, II. Itlco, fnthor or Scene on Kauai. If. s. V