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Evening bulletin. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1895-1912, March 25, 1909, Evening Bulletin Industrial Edition, Image 23

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016413/1909-03-25/ed-2/seq-23/

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Erf' "
Scene Along Walmea River Kauai.
u moment, a saving of time whlcli planta
tion managers nro quick to appreciate.
Oiegg imtcnt ties urc In use on till the
Islands, mul the simplicity mid effectiveness
uf the spllcu shot's which connect suctions
it portable track mako thorn In great de
mand. Oalvnnlzcd ties, which resist tho
weather better than tho old stylo ones, aro
coming into extcnslva use.
Another specialty of Tho Gregg Company
t the all steel framo car for una on narrow
gauge railroads and plantations. These cars
rnngo from 2 to 3 tons capacity, nud on ac
count of their strength, lightness and long
life, thoy havo given complete satisfaction
wherever used.
Of all tho labor saving dovlces which The
Oregg Company has produced, one of tho
most Important Is tho Oregg enno car un
loader, a dovlco for unloading cane from tho
car Into tho carrier. Tho first machine of
this kind used in Hawaii was installed by
Mr. Oregg nt Ewa Plantation. It was a suc
cess from tho start, and now nil tho larger
plantations uxo them.
Tho "Oregg Cnno-Unlondcr" consists of
triangles of steel, around which belts of mal
leable links travel, every third link be
ing made with a tooth. The number of trl
angles used depends on the length of tho
car, four triangles placed equal distances
apart being considered about the best com
blnntion for n car ten feet long, Insido meas
urement. Tho triangles for unloading ono
car aro moved up nnd down In unison by
the operator, who stands on a platform Just
above It, where ho works a wheel not unlike
a ship's pilot wheel.
The process of unloading a enr with the
"Oregg" Unloadcr Is as follows: Tho tri
angles arc raised to n height sufficient to
allow a loaded car to be run under them and
then lowered until tho teeth of tho chain
come in contact with tho cano. As the pile
on tho car becomes, lower, tho set of trian
gles Is lowered until tho enr is entirely
cleaned, tho triangles being so constructed
that when at tho lowest point the under side
of each set Is horizontal, and parallel with
the car floor. Counter weights, connected
by wire ropes, balanco the control of tho
operator's hand wheel.
Tho unloadcr Is operated by n small steam
cnglno connected by belt with nn overhead
shaft, to which tho triangles nro hung.
Where Long Service Demonstrates Permanent Char
acter of Portuguese Immigration.
KILAUEA plantation has tho enviable
reputation of halng a good number of
I'ortugucso workmen who havo been
with the plantation for twenty-seven
This Is an ovldonco of the permanent char
acter of tho European immigrant as a Bcttler
as well as adding to the good name of the
plantation for tho treatment of its emplojes,
Sugar cano wus first planted at Kllauea,
In the Hnnalel District, Kauai, by Edward I'
Manager of Kllauea Plantation, Kauai.
Adams In 1877, and by Capt. John Hobs.
Later Adams bought Captnln Hobs out nnd
finally sold out entirely to the Kllauea
Sugar Co., Ltd., a Hawaiian corporation. Tho
latter disincorporated and re-incorporated
In California.
In 1908 tho plantation comprised 3,023
acres of cano land, 3,308 acres of pasture
land and 5,730 acres forest land. Of thu
cano land, for 1909 crop, 800 acres is plant
and 900 acres rattoons
Yellow Caledonia Is planted almost ex
clusively, tho experiments with I-ahalna in
this district not proving satisfactory. Cane
is planted at elevations ranging from 200 to
000 feet.
Korty-nlno miles of irrigation ditches com
prise tho means of hrlnglug water from tho
slsts In tho main of two, 32x00 three-roll
mills, crusher, cano carrier. National shred
der, two vacuum pans, eleven Scotch centrl
fugals, one Honolulu triple-effect open clari
tiers, three automatic fed boilers, nn electric
light plant nnd much other machinery. Tho
blacksmith, carpenter nnd machlno shops nro
In nearby buildings.
Good School.
An excellent school Is conducted by the
Territory, whllo tho plantation has built
a Japaneso school building on Its property
for tho benefit of tho Japaneso children.
The manager of this large plantation Is
J. It. Myers, who has had seventeen jears ex
perience In tho sugar industry on Maul and
Kauai and for two years before taking charge
of Kllauea, was head luna for tho same.
Mr. Myers' staff of employes Is as fol
lows: Head Overseer, Henry Dlrkmyro; Chief
Mill Engineer, Claudo Whtto; Bookkeeper
L. I). Ilorclko; Assistant Bookkeeper, Jos.
S. Ilda; Timekeeper, A. Ohrtmnnn; Sugar
IJoller, C. Calvert; Carpenter, Robert Scott;
Blacksmith, James Edwards; Physician, K.
Honolulu Agents, Win. O. Irwin & Co., Ltd.
mountain streams near tho watershed to the
flvo plantation reservoirs, tho ureas of which
are ub follows: 30 acres; 18 acres; 4 acres
8 acres and 30 acres.
Cano is transported to tho mill by four
locomotives and 200 cane cars running upon
12V4 miles of permanent and flvo miles of
24 Inch gauge portable trackage. Tho capac
ity of tho cano cars is two and one-half tons
each. Six sugar curs aro used also. Tho
railroad extends to tho plantation landing at
Kahili, which Is threo miles below the mill
Freight Is worked at the landing by means
of wire cables, which are able to load fcut)
bags of sugar aboard a vessel in ono hour
Two of the locomotives are of tho Baldwin
make, whllo ono was mads in Germany and
tho other in England.
Tho soil of tho plantation lands at 1'ilaa,
Moloaa, Kllauea nud Kallhl-wai is deep and
Is a black and red clay. Fertilization Is
carried on, 1000 pounds of special high
grado fertilizer being used to an acre of
land. Tho Company owns a portion of tho
land In fee simple while the remainder In
leased from private owners under long
Crop for 1909,
The sugar output for 1908 was 3,218 tons
the cstlmato for 1909 is S000 tons.
Thoro are 125 head of horses, 700 hoad of
cattle and 48 mutes upon tho plantation
Cosmopolitan Labor.
Tho laborers aro a cosmopolitan crowd,
there are, 415 Japanese, 03 Portuguese, 8
Porto ltlcanu, 52 Koreans, 36 Chinese, 13
Spaniards and 1C Hnwallans, besides a few
other nationalities.
Twenty-seven Years.
Somo of tho Portuguoso havo been work
ing for tho plantation continuously for twon-ty-soven
years. Tho cllmato at Kllauea U
cool being adapted for laborers as tho rain
fall of 70 Inches per year, along with other
conditions, tends to keep tho residents In
good health.
The plantation Inbor quartors nro admir
ably situated, being supplied with pure wa
ter, cleanly bathing tanks, largo cooking
ranges nnd many other convenient arrange
ments that aro unknown to laborers upon
somo sugar plantations. Tho laborers grow
fruits and vegetables for home consumption
whllo fresh fish and moat are nearly always
Tho mill, which Is an old ono, was sup
plied by MIrrless, Talt & Watson, and con-
Sugar Cane of Yellow Caledonia Variety.
Where New Irrigation Ditch Has Brought New Lands
Under Cultivation.
CONSTRUCTION of a now Irrigating
ditch and dovolopmcnt of wator sup
ply from tho liendquurters of the Wal
men stream Iiub enabled tho Kekaha
plantation to bring many hundreds of acres
under cultivation that havo hitherto been
arid areas.
This plantation depends entirely cm watei
either pumped or brought to tho hind
through ditches. It Iiub four Itlsdon pump
ing stations with nn nverngo dally output
of 22,000,000 gallons which uro however used
very little slnco tho new ditch from thu up
per Walmea sttcam giving eighteen to twen
ty million gallons a day has been completed.
This ditch water Is also turned to fur
ther uso of developing electrical power to
operato centrifugal pumps which mu pump
lug wator from tho now ditch to u higher
elovatton of 300 feet.
In consequence of this ditch system, cano
Is now planted at elovntlons ranging from
nine to seven hundred and fifty feet.
Tho Kekaha Sugar Company's estate con
sists of Territorial ami former Crown land
leaseholds under sub lease from thu Knud
sen Estato upon shares. It extends from
Kekaha to Polehalo, n dlstnnco of twclvo
miles, varying in width from a fow hundred
feet to threo quurterH or ti mile. This planta
tion ranks as ono of tho prosperous proper
ties on tho Island of Kauai.
Tho first cano was planted on these lauds
by Capt. C. L'Ornngo in 1878 and was all of
tho Lahalnn variety. In 1880 A. Kayo and
Meyer bought L'Ornngo out nnd harvest
ed tho first crop. 11. P. Kayo, tho present
manager, began planting, in 1884 nt Mann,
where tho most cxtenslvo portion of the
present Company's holdings uro now situat
ed. Tho Kekaha Sugar Company, Limited, wus
formed In 1898 and now controls un area of
about 3500 acres, nearly nil of which Is plant
ed In Uihnlun cane . Several hundred acres
huvo been planted this year on tho hills
above tho plantation.
1908 Crop.
Tho 19US crop was from 1575 acres of cano
mostly rnttoous, tho total sugar output being
9015 tons.
Cano from tho higher elevation will be
transported by llumo lo several railroad sta
tions, where it Is dropped directly upon the
- i wm

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