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EVENING BULLETIN INDUSTRIAL EDITION: HONOLULU, T. H., 1809.
Hawaiian Imports and Exports and Shipping On the accompanv Ins pages w III be found u tabulated statement ot the Imports and ex ports of the Hawaiian Islands by years since 1875, showing (1) Imports from the United States, (2) total Imports, (3) exports of sugar, (4) exports of molasses, (5) total ex ports to the United Stuteg, (G) total exports to ull countries, and (7) customs duties col lected. Also a statement showing the number tonnnga and nationality of vessels In the Hawaiian carrying trade for 1875, 1880, 1885 1890, 1896, and for euch succeeding year In cluding 1908. Also a statement showing the value of tho carrying trade subdivided Into nation ullty of tho shipping, to and from Han all for tho years 1902-1908 both Inclusive. Simi lar statistics for previous years uro not available, Tho tablo of Imports and exports show a tremendous Incrcaso In the volume of Ha waiian trado slnco tho Treaty of Reciprocity, and that the benefits from the expansion of the trade have very largely gone to the United 8tatei. S- HAWAIIAN BEE-KEEPING ANDTHETARRIF The total Imports In 1908 were Sit), 085,724. of which 815,503,325 or 76.72 were from the United States. In 187S, the ear before tho grunting of the Reciprocity Treaty by the United States the tonnage of American vessels engaged In the Hawaiian tradu wits exceeded by that of the Urltlsh vessels, the percentage be ing, American 44.4 per cent, Urltlsh 44.7 per cent. At no time since reciprocity has the ton nage of vessels engaged In Hawaiian trade under the flag of a foreign nation nearly approached the tonnage under the Amerl can flag, The growth of American shipping In the Hawaiian trade has been very rapid, and Is one of the most prominent features showing the value of the Islands and their trade to the mainland Industries. ONE HAS BUT TO GLANCE AT THE TABLE OF EXPORTS AND IMPORTS SINCE 1875 TO SEE THAT THIS GROWTH HAS BUT KEPT PACE WITH THE GROWTH OF THE SUGAR INDUSTRY AND THAT ITS MAINTENANCE IS AS DEPENDENT UP- BY A. F. JUDD, President, Hawaiian Bee-Keepers' Association for 1908. 'Die 1908 ci up of honey amounted to nearly 1000 tons, This Is an Increase of nearly 400 tons over the last estlmuto, made In 1906, This Increase Is due mainly to two causes, ono a normal flow ot nectar from thu alguroba, the principal beo plant of the Islands, and two, tho extension of tho Indus try, I. o. au Increase of tho number of col- ON THE PROSPERITY OF THAT INDUS TRY, A3 THE EXISTENCE OF THE IN DU8TRY ITSELF IS DEPENDENT UPON THE CONTINUANCE OF THE PROTEC TION OF THE TARIFF. Tho year before tho Islands vvero annex ed to the United States thu tonnage of Ame rlcan vessels In the Hawaiian trade was 303,108.- In 1908 It Is 747,181. thu Increase being due to the application of the coastwise laws. During tho period since annexation tho totul trade of thu Islands has increased from $38,008,317 to $01,002,220, and of this trudo American vessels now curry 01.0 per cent. Thu following tuhlo of tho value oi tho ioroigu trudo of tho United Stutes curried iu Aniericuu vessels and Ha waii's percentage thereof, is interesting as showing that for tho full years siinc tho Organic Act took effect, and Ha waii's oiguni.atiou us a Territory, under thu coastwise navigation laws Hunan a trade in Aniericuu vessels has averaged over 13 of tho total foreign tradu of tho United States in American vessels. Valuu of Total Foreign Trado of thu United btutes I'cnr iu American Vessels 11102 $185,810,087 1003 1004 1005 1000 1007 Percentage That Hawaii's Trado in Aniericuu Vessels Hears to Entiro For- 214,G06,032 229,735,110 200,007,010 322,347,205 318,331,020 eigu Trado of U. S. in American Vessels 13.0 Per cent 12.0 Per cent 11.6 Per cent 17. Per cent 13. Per cent 14. Per cent Vuluu of Hawaii's Trade in American Vessels $25,800,884 27,210,007 20,507,353 40,402,830 41,087,370 44,772,322 Alaska, Porto Rico, Philippines, Tutuilu, Guam and Hawaii uro considered in United States trado statistics as non-contiguous territory of tho United States. In thu following tuhlo uo show thu detuils of thu tradu of tho United States lrom 1003 und Hawaii's pcrccntugu thereof. It will be seen that taking thu average of theso years thu trudo of Hawaii has been more than one-third ol tliu total of said countries. Considering thu area und populutiou of thu non contiguous territory thu showing in favor of Hawaii is quite remarkable. In passing, attention should bo called to tho Porto Ricun trudo and tho iuetuuso thereof. In 1007 tho tradu of thut Island exceeded thu trudu of Hawaii by threu million dollars, and thu detuils of tho trudu show thut tho Porto Iticun imports lrom tho United States, during a number of years coveted by thu table, have exceeded iu valuu thu exports to thu United States. VALUE OP COMMERCE OP UNITED STATES WITH NON-CONT1UUOUS TERRITORY AND HAWA II'S PERCENTAGE OP TOTAL THEREOF. Alaska Year 1002 1003 10,738,270 1001 20,330,250 1005 22,305,701 1000 24,142,104 1007 30,557,003 Porto Rico 10,201,410 23,207,040 22,032,880 20,007,215 38,307,312 47,760,418 Hawaii's Tutuila Guam Hawaii Total Pcto. 16,003 43,700,420 74,704,437 54,270 20,040 37,144,237 08,007,020 37.8 57,025 155,503 30,810,020 00,028,071 38.4 73,008 14,G&0 47,805,235 121,200,002 30.4 77,000 12,302 30,031,500 117,543,830 33.2 58,057 17,552 43,507,538 130,132,001 31.3 I'hilippiues 11,720,080 17,807,157 15,735,001 21,420,524 15,013,304 17,234,503 The value of tho exports of domestic produce mid manufactures from tho United States into lluwuii in propor tion to tho totul of ull imports into lluwuii, computes very favorably with tho Cuban trudo with thu United States, und 1 have been ublu to obtain ligures of Cuban trudo for tho yuurs 1003, 1004, 1005 and 1000. Thoy show that tho imports of merchandise from tho United Stutes have never in said period reached more thuu 48.0 of tho total im ports. Ou thu other baud, thu exports from Cuba to the United Stutes huvo gone us high as 80.53 of tho total of all exports. Iu Hawaii's cuse, the perccutago of imports from tho United Stutes bus never during said period gone lower than 74.3, und us high us 70.0. That tho percentage of imports from tho United States is not greater is due, largely, to thu lurgu Asiatiu population of theso Islands, and thu fact thut this population imports largu quantities of mer chandise of all descriptions from tho Orient. COMPARISON OF TRADE OF UNITED STATES WITH fUHA AND HAWAII. 1003, 1001, 1005 uud 1000. CUBA. Imports of Imports from Imports l ear Merchandise U. S. 1003 $58,820,000 1004 77,028,000 1005 04,807,000 1000 08,020,000 $21,708,572 32,014,345 42,082,000 47,002,000 HAWAII. $10,043,001 11,083,303 11,753,180 12,030,775 from U. S. 37. 42.3 45.34 lb.0 Exports of Merchandise $ 77,610,000 fc0,013,000 110,1CS,000 103,014,000 78.3 74.3 70.0 70.0 1003 $13,0S2,185 1004 15,7&4,001 1005 14,718,4S3 1000 15,030,874 "Reciprocity Treaty with Cuba went into effect December 27, 1003. Not only havo tho American indus- In 1007 tho customs duties collected tries profited by tho expansion of tho ' this Territory amounted to $1,485,- lluwaiiun sugar production, and tuo 81U, or a per cupitu collection on a pop- , , . illation estimuted at 200,000, of $7.43. consequent mcreaso in trade, but since ... , L .. , , 1 ror tho sumo year tho duty collected on annexation tho Territory has collected 1MjrehllIldUo iniK,rU.,i illt0 tho United in customs duties and internal revenue. States per cupitu wus $3.84. This would and imitl towurd tho national oxpendi- " to nlicatu that tho peoplo of this $ 20,275,438 25,204,875 30,174,520 20,001,824 Exports to U.S. $02,341,012 74,050,002 05,331,000 88,175,000 $20,201,175 25,133,533 30,112,055 20,882,100 Exports to U.S. 80. 84.2 80.53 84.8 00.7 00.7 00.8 00.5 1. o :i. l. 5. 0. 7. s. I). New York $217,127,010 Rostou 27,027,750. Philadelphia 20,770,674. Chicago 10,188,170. lure, $0,102,021, mado up as follows: Customs jiuties collected .. $8,730,312 Internal revenuo collections San Francisco New Orleans Daltimoro . . . St. Louis . . . Detroit Tampa Pugct Sound lluwuii 0,877,000. 7,000,358. 5,010,010. 2,434,420. 2,030,441. 1,701,502. 1,014,500. 1,458,843. Territory uro certainly bearing their o. burden of tho general expenses of tho 11. National Government. 12. Iu 1007 lluwuii stood twelfth of tho lluwuii has collected nioro than such 455,070. customs districts of tho United States largo customs districts as Cincinnati, iu tho amount of duties collected, as Cleveland, Newport Nows, Providence, ,102,021. shown in tho following table. Gulveston, Seattlo, Milwaukee onles and the establishment of new locu tions. The number of colonies of houe) bees ut present In tho Territory of Huwull is not far below 2U.00U, The Island of Uuhu Is practically tho only Island where the avallablo territory Is occupied, with the possible exception of tho lee Bide and west end of the Island of Molokal. Two Com panies huve recently begun operations on the Island of Hawaii (the largest Isl and of the group) and one of these at least Is In u position to Increase rapidly on uc count ot many avallablo locutions offering an abundance of beo pasturage. The great est extension of tho Industry has occurred on tho Island of Kauai, whoro two com panies are now well established. Ono com pany is also at thu present time established on the Island ot .Maul. An increase In the number of apiaries has been made on this Island and there Is opportunity tor further Increase. In round numbers the honey and wax crop of the Hawaiian Islands It worth in gross returns $100,000. and the next few years should see the production Increase by fifty per cent. Thu honey and wax Industry In the Ha waiian Islands leprerents an Investment ol nearly $250100. It Is one of the few minor industries that are established and on n paying basis. The margin of profit, how ever. Is sit small that n discontinuance of tho present tariff would ruin the local In dustry. Tho net profit does not average mure than ono halt cent tier pound, while tho duty ou honey amounts to one and two thirds cents per pound. The Hawaiian pro duct comes in direct competition with Cuban and other South American honeys, and these countries can produce honey, pay tho duty of ono und two thirds cents iter pound and still sell nt a pi oil t for tho same prlco thut thu Hnvvnllan producers receive. As is the cuse with all pi oil nets of Hawaii, Its honey and wax must go to thu mainland of Un united States or to the world's market. There is no chnuco whatever to sell an appreciable amount locally either as n tubte honey or for baking or confection utcs. Ha waiian producers cannot placo their honey on the mainland market as a table honey Tho Hawaiian product docs not, therefore, come in competition In any way with thu table honey produced in the United States, the entiro product being shipped In bulk to the baking and confection trade. The matter of retaining the present tariff of 20 cents per gallon or 1 2-3 cents per pound on honey, or possibly Increasing It, directly Interests every beekeeper In the United States. Last October the National Beekeepers' Association at Its annual meet ing held In the Detroit passed resolutions to the effect that an aggressive effort should be made to retain and If possible Increase the tariff on honey. Another resolution was passed by this body to the effect that a tariff of 10 cents per pound should be put on beeswax. Not only can foreign competitors produce honey far cheaper than the American bee keepers, but as regards the Hawaiian pro duct the local producers must necessarily pay freight rates far In excess of those In force between countries situated nearer to the market. It costs tho Hawaiian producer not less than 1 cent per ixiund to market his honey; the cost of production Is not less than 2V4 cents per pound; and thu gross returns do not nvercme more than 4 cents per iKHinil, These flguros speak for them selves. The honey Industry is ono that nppeals to u man of small means. The product Is not perlshab'e and can bo stored until a suffi cient quantity is obtained tn enable the pro ducer to take advantage of tho loner rates for largo shipments. It Is nn industry that can Ira carried ou on a largo scalo Indepen dently, whoro the territory permits, or that can bo taken up in conjunction with other pursuits where tho territory Is limited. Not moro than sixty per rent of tho territory of theso islands capable of offering bee pas turage Is now occupied by apiaries. The in dustry Is being gradually developed und ex tended, but as Is tho rase with all minor industries, has met with many difficulties and has required much cxienslu experi mental work to determine the best methods of nplculturo for tho semi tropical conditions obtnlnlng in theso Islands. The Hawaiian beekeepers fetl that It Is of paramount Importance that no reduction be made In the honey tariff. .The Industry Is one of the class that Congress has re peatedly urged those in authority In Hawaii to foster, and every encouragement should be offered to those engaged in apiculture In Hawaii to bring the Industry to a perma nent and profitable basis. Any reduction In the tariff would mean ruin to the bee keeping Interests In the Island. isssl Mmn int"tM'MlistiimHaMtilsMi?JJ' -St M(vttMt KMBt'v,iti ,, -tomMa LisitM && mmmKmim,'Wk irtw. a .. .fl rj TffWMMBMMMBn( m w