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Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, December 14, 1909, 3:30 EDITION, Image 3

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I ' . i i , ,
and CASH REGISTERS. . All work Guaranteed.
Office Supply Co., Ltd.
' 3
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(Continued from Pace 1.)
liRiitlotiH to Central America and to
Concerning jlio Par Kast, tho- Pres
ident bujb this (icnernmenl preserves
nni hanged Its policy of supporting the
open door and ndds: ' Our traditional
relations with Ilia Jnpnncso. cmplro
continue) cordial as usual. NTho nr
rnngoment of 1II0S for a cooperntlo
control of the coming of laborers to
tlio United States has proved to work
Ilcorganlzntinn of tlio Department '
of Stale upon modern lines In fur-1
thnrnncc of our foreign trnde nnd of
American Interests abroad Is recom-'
mended. i
"l'crliaps," continues the message,
"tlio most Important question piescnt-l
ed tn this Admlnlstrntloii Is that of,
economy In expenditure1) and sum
elency of rovenue.
( "Tlio report of the Sccietary bIiowb
that tlio ordlnar) expenditures for tho
current llscnl )iar ending Juno 30,
miO. will exceed tho receipts liy $31,.
070.K20. If to ihls deficit Is added tho
sum to ho disbursed for tho Panama
Canal, amounting, to jr.S.000,000, nnd
J 1,000,000 to bo paid on tho public
debt, tho deficit of ordinary receipts
' nnd expenditures will bo Increased to
n total deficit of $7.1,076.(!.!9. This def
icit tho Secretary proposes to meet by
tho proceeds of bonds Issued to pay
tho cost! of constructing the Panama
Canal. J approve tills proposal."
Tho Prosldent snjs tho cost tif on-
.iglnccrlngmnd construction of tho en
mil, willed will bo completed Jniiuary
1, l!ir, will bo JJ'JT.TliC.Ono. Instend
of fl39.70;.,200, as originally estimat
ed. Other expenses Increase tho cost
by "r., iar.,000, to n total of 373,
201.000. Tho ('resident Is ndvlsed by the
Secretary of tlio Tiensury that the es
timates of tho expenses of tlio. Him
eminent for tho llscnl jcar ending
Juno 30, 1911, that Is, for tlio next
llscnl ear. arc less by $".801,000
"tlinu tlio total of, appropriations for
the'eiirioht fiscal jenr, nnd ndds:
1 "So Tdl' as thoJ Sterol a ty of thd
1 TreliVmy 1s ablo (rf'fonn n! judgment
I'ns to fufilrri Intomo niidjanmjmre' It
(.with IbcnfxpeiidUiiro for the uo.xt lls
cnl cur ending Juno 30, 1!HUiI;kU(1
, InR Ibo timjiurntH, on uccount pf the
Pj in inn Canal and tho pub)le dcJit,
thoro 'will iio nn deficit In tliq y(nr
ending, June S6,"19H, but nismull'sur-
1 ,pltnl,ot,7l?,000! '''', ' .' '
' vIiHM ilrcscnt estimates Wiie'cds
of tho departments and of tho Govern-
imeiit'-hnvo heeit cut to'lllb quick, do
to speak, and any assumption by Con-
-I Kress, so- often mhdo In' times past.
thntlostlmntcs liavo "been 'prepared
wh tiv expectpfton-that they mnyue
"r(1ui.9d,Wll i-sultlii seriously ham
perliiK proper .administration."
President Tnft fetors, wtyh refirto
tho sufiar frauds ret'elAlJ' discovered,
sajliiK Ihrit'tlto RCUlen'icnt jikiiIo with
' tlio"hu lulled Trusfwlll not lnteifero
iwlth or'i'rov'ent the cilmlnal ilrosecu
t If n of overy one'who''wnil found to Iio
, ubjeit to thcisitne. Ho believes that
an investigation of the frauds by Con
gress nt picsent would bo Inadvisable,
hhIiik It mlKht glvo Immunity and
otliervvlso piovo nn einbnrriissmcut In
KouirliiK coin kt Ion of tho guilt) par
ties. President Taft then discusses the
tariff and tho opcnrtlon of tlio in ax I
mum and minimum clause In tho Act.
Iio sios that In the working of tills,
tear has been expressed that tho pow
er ronfeired nnd duty Imposed upon
tho lixecntho Is likely to lend to a
iirlff wnr.i""l big, to express tho hope
li nil belief that ijo such result need lie
'nntlclpated," .nr. Taft, sajs. "No one
Is set king a tarm war or i loiumioii
In which tlio splilt of retaliation shall
bo aroused."
Tlio now Tariff Hoard Is discussed,
tho President sajlng that their work
will pel haps take two or three jcars.
A continuing annual appropriation Is
asked. ,
"I believe," the Piesldent continues,
"that tho work of this Hoard will he
of prime utility nnd Importance when
ever Congress shall deem It wise again
to adjust tho rustoni duties. If tho
facts secured by tin; Tariff Hoard nrc
of sin h u character n to show goner
nlly thaUtlio ratca of duties Imposed
by thq present tnrllT laws aro excess
Ivo under tho principles of protection
lis described In tho platform of tho
successful party nt tho Into election,
I shnll not hesllnto to Invito tho at
tention of Congress to this fnct nnd
to tho necessity for nitlon predicated
thereon. Nothing. Iiowover, halts bus
iness and Interferes with tlio course
of prosperity scrmuch as tho threaten
ed revision of tho tariff nnd until tho
facts nro nt hand, after careful nnd dc
llbornto investigation, upon which
such revision can bo proporly under
Inken, It seems to mo uuwlso to nt
tempt. Thq nmnunt of misinformation
that creeps Into arguments pro nnd
eon, In respect to tariff rates, Is giicli
iih to require tho kind of Investigation
undertaken by it wholly without ro
Biicct to tho effeit which tho facts may
hnvo in calling for a readjustment of
tho rates of duty. s
A reduction 'In tho estimates of tlio
War Dnnartmont for tho coming fiscal
yoar, which' brings tho total estimates
down to nn amount ftii.000,000 less
than tho corresponding cstlmn'tcH of
Inst year, Is mentioned by tho Presl-
dent, all progress in military matters
being suspended for a ear as a eon
Koquonco. Tlieso measuieg cm hnrd
by bo moio than temporary, tlio Exec
utive sajs. I.ater ho will send n spe
cial message to Congiess upon mili
tary matters.
Concurring In needed ilianges In
tho Army Iio places omphnsU on tho
need for nn elimination bill. "Tho
coast defenses of tho United States
proper- uio ronoriil))' nil that (Oiild bo
(leMied nm In snmo iospm"ls tlioy nro
rather more elaborate than under
present conditions nre needed to stop
an enemy's fleet from cntcrlilg tho
harbors defended."
The President concurs In the Judg
meiit'of the Military and Naval Joint
Hoard In favor of making an exten
sive unval liaso at Pearl Harbor, near
Honolulu, and not In the Philippines.
The Piesldent then discusses the
Navy, tlio need for icforin, economy
In expenditures, cte. Ho Bays: "A com
piehenslvo plan for tho rcorgaul7atlon
of tlio olllceis of all corps of tho Navy
will bo presented to Congress and I
hopo It will meet with action suited
,to Its urgency." Appointment of an
eminent astronomer as bead of the
Navnl Observatory Is recommended.
President Taft sas that in his Judg
ment n chnngo In Judicial procedure
with n view to reducing Its expenso to
ptlvnto litigants in civil cases and fa
cilitating the dispatch of business .and
final decision In both civil nnd crimi
nal cases, constitutes tho greatest need
In our American Institutions. A com
mission to consider reforms In tho Ju
diciary Is recommended. The Presi
dent recommends, in compliance with
tho promise made In tho llcpubllcan
platform, thnt appropriate legislation
relating to1 the lssunncc of Injunctions
bo ndoplcd. Previous notlco and a
reasbnnblo Opportunity to bo henrd on
bohnlf of the parties to Iio enjoined
nro urged by tho President with icr-
tain exceptions.! President Talt then
refers to anti-Trust -and Interstate corn,
murco laws which will be discussed In
a special message.
Tho President sas the actual loss
growlifg out of the transmission of
second ilnss mnll matter amounts to
about (G 1,000,000 a )ear. Congress, ho
sajs, mny well consldcrvvhithcr rnd
bat steps should not bo taken tn re
duce tho dellclt by Imposing a higher
rate of postago on magazines and pe
ilodlcals. President Tnft says ho js convinced
tho people deslro postal sax Ings banks
and that they will bo productive of the
utmost good. Ho says of them:
"They will furnish a satisfactory
substitute for tho avstcm of a (low
vrnmeut, guaranty of deposits, .which,
,wltht deference, to thoso who ndvocato
It. ,sei ins to mo to haVctlit Jt the seeds
of1 ' demoralization to .conservative
banking ril'iil certain 'liiianclnl dtsas-
ler" in' - " i
The I'resldeht earnestly rWbnlmen
Jeii.tlW p.usagoiot n ship subsldyblju
,ln rvconimcndlng separate Stain
hood .for No .Mexico nnfl .Arizona
President Taft udvlse that atr tho
ailoplfon of a constitution, It. lie, sub
mitted to the pcoplo for appioval.
State officers should not bo elected, un
til nrt. tl. MH-llllUlnJ'liiin t...n i..!
ill niivi uiu LUiifiiiuuuu itua uvli out.
Uert'upOn.' " ' ' 1 f
"Wltht respect toi'Alas1a,'",Biifd'tbo
President, "1 recommend legislation
ulileli isliull provide for tlio appoint
ment,, hi;tliq 1'fCslUent pf a, (Jovernor
and also of; nil Uxccutivcv,, Council, (ho
mcnUieis ofwlilcliiBlinll, during jhelr
term of oinc't 'resldo In jhc, Tcnltorj,
'.mil vvhldi shall hnvo legislative pow
ers siltllclent' to enable It to glvd the
Territory local laws iidaptcd to its
present giovvtb. I strongly deprecate
legislation looking to the election of
a Teiritorlnl Legislature In that vast
Tho President mentions tho ncces'
slty for legislation looking to tho fur
llier conservation of natural resources
and announces that a special message
on this subject, Iniludliig that of a
terwajs, reclamation. Irrigation, re
foresting, etc, will bC sent to Con
gross early. ' ,
Tiansfcr of control over tho light'
houses to u suitable, Chilian bureau Is
recommended becnuso of frequent fr c
Hon duo io tho absence of any central
Independent nuthorlty.
White slavery Is discussed, tho view
being that there Is urgent necessity
for additional legislation and greater
executive nctlvity to suppress it.
I bclicvo It to bo constitutional,
tlio President sajs, "to forbid under
penalty, tho transportation of persons
for purposes of prostitution ucross Na
tional mid State lines; nnd appropriat
ing n fund of $&0,000 to bo used by tho
Sec retury of Commerce and Iibor for
tho employment of special Inspectors,
It will lie possible to bring thoso ro
sponsible for this tiado to Indictment
Island Fruits For Mainland Friends
You may rest assured that nothing that you may send to your Mainland Friends or Rela
tives for Christmas will be as much appreciated as '' '
, VTho
J' t
' 3.
72 S. King
nnd conviction under n Federal Inw."
The. President savs that while tho
medical departments of tho Army nnd
Navy must bo kept separate, thoro
seems ni reason why all tho other bu
reaus, pnd offiies In tho general Gov
ernment Which hnvo to do with tlio
public health should not be united In
a bureau to bo called tho "Hureau of
Public Health."
In conclusion the President sns:
"Speaking generally, the countiy Is In
n high stale of prosperity, Tlieic Is
overy reason to believe Hint wo are on
tho eve of a substantial business ex
pansion, and wc hnvo Just gnrncrcd n
hart est unexampled In tlio market v ni
ne of our agricultural products. The
high pi Ices which such products bring
mean gient prosperity for the farming
community, but, on the other hand,
they mean a very considerably In
creased burden upon thoso classes in
tho community whoso j early compen
sation does not expand with tho Im
provement In business nnd tho genernl
prosperity. Various reasons are given
for the high prices. Tho pioportlon-
ato Increase In tho output of gold.
which today is tno enter medium oil
cxcilllllRC, aim is in some ruspccis n
measure of values, furnishes a sub
stantial explanation of nt least part of
tho Incrense In prices. The Increase
In population nnd more expensive! 4
modo of living of the people, which
hnvo not been accompanied by n pro-,
portlonato Increase In ncroago produc;
tion, mny furnish n further reason. It,
Is well to note thnt tho Increase in tho,
cost of living is not conllncd to this
country, but prevails the world over,
and thnt those who would charge In-1.
creases In prices to tho existing pro
tectlvo tariff must meet tho fart that
tho rise in prices hns taken plnco nl
most wholly In thoso products of the
fnetnry nnd farm In respect to which
thoro lias been either no Increntj In
tho tnrllT or In many Instances n voiy
consldeinblo reduction."
Ship Subsidy.
Following the course of my distin
guished piedect'sxor, I tarilfsll) vrj
onimcnd to Congress tho imisldcnjlnii
nnd passage of n ship subsidy., liJII.
looking to (ho establishment of UgenJ
UClwre'II UU nuaiinc- nuummu niiuii.
onstirn const of South Atricrtai; af
well hs' lines from' the west imsiof
tho United Suites to South lAmeilm!
Chins-, Hiiplih; Hull ttH.I'railIJII!"K VI. :
profits on foreign mulls me peilrips
a sullleto'itt tiUnsiMrhfi Ihcl'dxlMnlli
tures tflildh rdkhtilV'be tHi&.'lv
applied to this method of yid'jrlnij'J
J en.-.
which ,wo now feel It most Important
thnt we should have means of cant
portatlon controlled In tho Interest of
tho expnnsion of our trade. A bill of
this chnractn lias once passed, , jU(j
House nnd more than once p)sscd,ile
Senate, nnd I I10P9 that at this Beylon
n bill framed on tho same llnes and
with the snme"purposes may become
a law.
Postal SavlnQt Dankt.
Tho second subject worthy of men
tlon In the l'ostofflco Department Is
tho real necessity and entire practica
bility of establishing postnl savings
banks. Tho successful party at the
Inst election declared In favor of pos
tal savings banks, and although tho
proposition finds opponents In many
parts of the country, I nm convinced
thnt tho pcoplo desire such banks, nnd
am sure thnt when the banks aro fur
nished they will bo productive of the
utmost good. Tho postul savings
banks nro not conttltuted for the pur
poso of treating competition with otli
or bnnks. Tho rnto of IntcreBt upon
deposits to which they would bo limit
ed would bo so small as to prevent
thoir drawing deposits away from oth
er banks.
I bolicvo them to bo necessary In
order to offer a proper inducement to
thrift nnd snv Ing to a great many pco
plo of small means who do not now
have banking facilities, and to whom
such a system would offer nn oppor
tunity for tho accumulation of capital.
Thoy will furnish n satisfactory sub
stitute, based on sound principle nnd
actual successful trial In nearly all tho
LIMINE sailing 17th inst., is the CHRISTMAS BOAT
1 k
countries of tho world, for the system
of (lov eminent guaranty of deposits
now being adopted in several West
ern Stn'tes, which with deference to
those who advocate it seems to mo to
hnvo In it the seeds of demoralisation
to conservative banking nnd certain
flnnnctnl disaster.
Tho question of how the money de
posited In postal savings banks shnll
be Invested Is not free from dllllculty,
but I believe thnt a satisfactory pro
vision for this purpose was inserted as
an amendment to the bill considered
by tho Scnnto nt Its Inst session. It
hns been proposed to delay tho con
sideration of legislation establishing n
postnl savings bank until after the re
port of the nioiietnr) commission. This
report is likely to be dclnycd, nnd prop
erly so, becauso of the necessity .for
careful deliberation mid close Investi
gation. I do not see why the one
should be tied up with the other. It
is understood that the monetary com
mission has looked Into tho s stems of
banking which now prcvnll abroad nnd
hns found that by a lontrorthero exer
cised In respect to reserves and the
rates of exchange by some central au
thority panics nre avoided. It is not
apparent that a svstcm of 'postnl sav
ings banks would in any way Inter
fere with a chnngo to such a sjstcm
here. Certainly In most of the coun
tries In Europe where control Is thus
exercised by a central authority, pos
tal savings banks exist and nre not
thought to bo Inconsistent with a
proper financial and banking sjstcm,
Bureau of Health.
For a very1 considerable period a
movement litis been gathering strength
especially among tho members of tho
medical profession, In favor of n con
centration of the Instruments of the
nntlnnal government which hnvo to do
with tho promotion of public health. In
tho unture of things, the medical de
partment of tlio Ann) and tho medi
cal department of tho Navy must be
kept separate. Hut ther Bcems to bo
no reason why all tho other bureaus
nnd offices In the general Government
which hnvo to do with tho public
health or subjects akin thereto should
not bo united. In n burraii. to bo callc-d
Hip "Hureau qf Public, Health.", TJils(
vvould nece'ssltnte tho transfer of the
Marino ilnspltni Service to such n.bii
roan. 1 mh iiwnro thnt there Irfh wldu
field In'Tcspcct to tlio public 'lioaHh
eeimmltted tu tho States In wblili(lio
Fc'dernl Oovernmeilt rnnnot oxorti'so
Jurisdiction, but we hnvo seen In Mho
Agricultural Department, tho cxpiui1
slotihitQ widest yjcfnlless of ji-fle-partmciij.gloit;
nttejit,lon ,fo ugrlcul"
lure" hep M subject,;!!,, plainly one.
over which (he States, properly .oxer
cW'dlk'cct Jurisdiction. . The bpporjii
nlties,tor,,fiiefnl,rcsoarh' and- lite
sprout! 'of useful Information In regard
to tho cultivation of 'the soil -mid ftio
breeding of. stock nnd tho solution. 6f
many of the Intricate problems In pro
gressive agriculture hnvo dcnionstrM'
pd t,b wisdom of cntiilillsliliiB.tliat,(lti
pnrtment. Simitar reasons, of, equal
force, "can bo given for tho (statil)sh.
rrlcnt of a biircnd of health that shall
not only exercise the police Jurisdic
tion of tho Federal (io'v eminent re1
spectlng quarantine, but which shnll
also afford an opportunity for Investi
gation nnd resenrch by competent ex
perts Into questions of health affect
ing tlio wholo country, or Important
sections thereof, questions which, In
tho absence of Federal Oovcnimentnl
work, nro not likely to bo promptly
War Department.
In tho Interest of Immediate econo
my nnd becnuse of tho prospect of a
deficit, I havo required a reduction In
tlio estimates of tho Wnr Department
for tho coming' fiscal ear, which
brings the total estlmntcs down to' an
amount fnrt)-flvn millions less than
tho corresponding estimates for Inst
jcar. Tills could only bev accomplish
ed by rutting off now projects and sus
pending for the peilod of one year all
progress In military mntters. .
For tho sumo reason I havo directed
that tho Army shall not bo recruited
up tn Its present authorized strength.
These measures can hardly bo more
than temporar) to last until our rev
enues nro in better condition nnd until
tho wholo question pf tho expediency
of adopting n definite military policy
In Our Clothing Department you will find a large
variety of WOOLENS, which includes all the new Winter
Weav.esas well as Staple Blues and Black Serges; so your
choosing something becomingjis an easy matter.
The Suits are tailored by hand- Every detail in their
construction is of the highest character and when you
examine your Suit the care and splendid tailoring will
call forth your admiration.
Then remember Our guarantee of your satisfaction or
your money back places all the risk of pleasing you on
us. " '
1 1 1 i.i
t vt
canjbo submitted, to Congross, for I
am sure that the Interests jif: the, mill-,
tary establishment aro seriously lit
peed of careful consideration by Con
gress. The laws regulating the.organ
Izatlon of our armed forces In tho
event of wnr need to be revised In or
der that tho organization can bo mod
ified so ns to produce aforco which
would bo more consistently appor
tioned throughout its, numerous
branches. To explain the circum
stances upon which this opinion as
based would necessitate a lengthy dis
cussion, and I postpone It until the
tlrst convenient opportunity shall
arise to send to Congress a spcrlnl
messago upon this subject.
Tho Secretary of War cnlls atten
tion to n number of needed changes In
tho Army, in all of which I concur, but
the point upon which I place most em
phasis Is tho need for nn elimination
bill providing n method by which the
merits of officers shnll have somo ef
fect upon their advancement nnd by
which tho advancement of nil may
bo accelerated by tho effective elimi
nation of a deflntto proportion of tho
least efficient. Tbcro nro In- every
army, and cortalnly In ours, a number
of officers who do not vlolato their
duty In any such way as to givo rea
son for n court-martial or dismissal,
but who do not show such opt Undo
and skill nnd character for high com
mand ns.to Justify their remaining In
tho active scrvlro to bo promoted. Pro
vision should be mado by which they
may bo retired on a certain proportion
of their pay, Increasing with their
length of scrvlco at tho time of retire
ment. Thoro Is jiow a personnel Inn
for the Navy which Itself needs
"' "i ''; 'BW vBiW Ar
i hi i i ' i, rr r r F B r
11 id w 1 j ejLtVihffiEBHHLtLiLLr
1 II 1 II' 1 t ..II - n . l-l
,'rL ' ' ' "' ' " '" "" i i..l
' m, AmWwMmwwm .
amendment and to which I shnjl make
furthen reference. Such a law It
needed quite as much for tlio Army.
,Tho, coast defenses of the United
States proper arc. generally all that
could bo desred, and in, somo re
spects thoy aro rather more elaborate1
than under present conditions are
needed to vtop an enemj's fleet from
entering the harbors defended. There
Is, however, one place wliern addition
al defense Is badly 'needed, and that
Is at the mouth of Chesapeake Hay,
where it Is proposed.to moke an arti
ficial Island for a fort Which shall pre
vent an enemy's fleet from entering
this most Important strategical baso ol
operations 011 tho wholo Atlantic and
Gulf coasts. I hopo that appropriato
legislation will be adopted to secure
tho construction of this defense.
The Military and Naval Joint Hoard
have unanimously agreed that It
would be unwise to make the large
expenditures which at pno time wore
contemplated in the establishment ol
n naval baso and station in tho Philip
pine Islands, and hnvo expressed their
Judgment, in which 1 fully concur, In
favor of making an extensive naval
base at Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu,
and not In tho Philippines. This does
not dlspcnso with the necessity for tho
comparatively small appropriations re-
quired to finish tho proper coast do-
ii-iioi-n 111 uiu i-iiiiipiiiue-H nuw unuer
construction on tlio island of Corrcgl
dor and elsewhere or to completo a
sultnblo repair station nnd coaling sup
ply station nt Olongapo, whero Is the
floating dock Dewey. I hopo that this
recommendation of tho Joint board will
end tho discussion as to tho compara
tive merits of Manila Hay and Olon-
' . 's
tapo as naval stations, and-will lead
o prompt measures for tho proper
-qulpmcnt and defense nt ivnri nnr.
The Navy.
The return of tho battleship fleet
'rom Its vongo around tlio world. In
noro efficient condition than whin It
itarted, was a untoworthv event of
ntcrest alike to our citizens nnd tho
naval authorities of the world. Hesldes
tho beneficial and far-reaching effett
in our personnl and diplomatic rcla
'Ions in tho countries which tho fleet
.Islted, tho mnrked success of the
ihlp8 In steaming nround tho world In
ill weathers on schedule tlmo has In
creased resncit for nnr Vnic nm! lum
added to oqr national prestige.
uur enlisted personnel recruited
from all sections of tho country la
voung mid energetic and represents
Ivc of tho national spirit. It Is, more
over, owing to its Intelligence, cnpahlo
if quick training into the modern mail-of-warsmen.
Our ndlrnrt nm ni-n,..,t
and zealous In their profession, but
u m 11 irgreiiaoie met mat lliji higher
officers aro old for the responsibilities
Of tho modern N'aiV. mill Dm Aflmlralu
do not arrive at flac rank )oung
enougn 10 ooimn anequale training In
their duties ns flag officers. This need
for reform In the N'nvv Ima lm.n nhlv
and earnestly presented to Congress
uy my predecessor, and 1 also urgently
recommend the subject for considera
tion. Karly In tho coming session a com
prchcnslvo plan for Iho reorganisa
tion of tho, officers of all corps of tho
Navy will bo presented to Congress,
(Continued on Page 4
- - - ,1M''

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