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"Equal and txoct jmti:et9cUmeri,f m hmtrvernuajuriy religious or political," Jcrn:aso.
. , RICHMOND, WV&Q?VmYfEimA&$iATWia&Yi APRIL 0,1831.
; - ... X) (Co
i?DLi3inzs wcati.Ynv cxno.-v
l .i hi in,, urtu ii ' . .
, 7b tnzirrune toe vorks cj outera tj i r i
Kind JJtuJ in her various wiil .
. Gave to aiea their diar f wit, ;
The various ra&Jcs of life to fill , ,
That teemed to her imst fit
Yet m if by Utt decreed,
. She gare to some a greater $harc.
In which cotopouud, it seems indeed
Some neglected were, I must declare..
A with a partial hand she gave
To some a feeling sense that's juatf
White others only aeemM to have
. Naught but grovelling pride and lust.
To some she gave a stronger mind
r To scorn the bate aspiring heart.
That aeska bet vengeance on mankiad,
, And ocdy acts a dtshenest part.
Othett too, she gave a hajut of tm:h,
. Boner, tirtu, honesty combiaed
TThiis) others seemM iorsooth
The mere rubbish cf xbankiad.
Xa summing up the vaneus crew
You'll fuJL a few aspiring quark i,
Aa if to give sofiie rhyme a clue '
They pin great Homer on their back?.
t my friend among thie class,
Who build their fame on otters m-srit?
If so, I wish to let hin pass,
Without a wound from aword or bullet.
Atmw to at: r.n rnx brjtish fri-
CATBS IN THE WORTH KIVEtl, IS H'L1T
Messrs. Lovejoy and Miller; I send
yo r insertion in your paper, a cor
rect account oT the desperate attempt
to destroy, by meatd of lire ships, the
vessels of the enemy iu the iiudsoo, in
July 7ti. llaving seen in the Wor
cester MagaXinc,ajiarrAtlTe of that ex
pedition, in the main correct, but Inac
curate and defective in many particu
lars, I am induced, to correct that
statement, by sending tou a de
tailed account of the whole aHair.-
.The narrative in the Worcester Mag
azine appears to have been compiled
from the verbal statemeoftGiradK by Mr.
John Bass, who I knoW Ws attached
to the expediticft, 1 pretcmc thit the
inaccuracies admitted into that article,
' arose? from 4 wrong recollection of the
facts, . Being one of the smail party
engaged in that desperate uridertaking.
all the circumstances axe indelibly
impressed upon my memory, and 1 cau
'give you them, as I think without ad
dition or omission.
The firo vessels were an Albany
. sloop of about 90 tons burthen, and a
schooner of about 00 tons. Under
superintendence of Com. Tupper, they
were fitted for the expedition at New
York, in the following manner. The
holds of the vessels were filled with
empty hogsheads, to prevent thni
from sinking, in case the enemy's shc-t
" should strike her hull. Two troughs
.svere then placed the whole length of
- the deck, on each side, one end of
'which went through the bulk head of
the cabin, at whicn end the train was
to be fired. An opening to be made
; in the tcm of each vesel, through
which the man who fired the train
- might escape into the whale boat that
was to be ia attendance for that pur
pose. The troughs were about six inches
wide, ten deep, and as 1 said bclbre,
extended from the bows to the cabin.
Zo each trough was laid a train of meal
' cd powder half an inch or more in
' depth, which was then covered'with
wheat straw about 12 i aches long, dip
ped in brimstone. The trough was
then filled with .black birch 4 wigs
made into small faggots 15.or IS iach
es in length, aod dipt into melted rosin.
Bv the side of each trough were plac-
ed a number of empty barrels, each of
which was then filled with pitch pine
cooy,"A ritvk av.pa y able cy three 'Qtnfe nroaiHrngs or gpBHcmpixcr advertimejie vrs utsektkd
iaggots, split 'fine and covered with
melted rosin. Two more barrels filled
with the t same materials were placed
each side, of the mast, and then the
whole deck wa3 closely stowed up to
lce gunwalen with birch twigs 'dipt in
rosin. -Strips of canvass G or 8 inches
la width, dipped in spirits of turpen
tine covered all the standing rigging
from tho deck to the mast bead.
There were square sad and sprit
ttuyard to both vessels, and a gxp-pii-ig
iron fastened to the end of each
vird, tirfuflying gib boom and the gaft
ai . ciuu uoora. witn ensun umi tea
The vessels being in Teadine, toe
scommandof the sloop was given, to .
Thomas Updike r osdick, iSew L-on-don
Ct. then an eaign in a company of
the regiment of CoL Charles Willis'
continental troops. Ensign Fosdick's
crew consbted of Gideon Beebe and
self of the Kame company and regi
ment as above, and John Bass, who
jvas appointed by Commodore Tap
per, steerman ol the whale boat In
which we were to make our escape.
liis company and regiment I do not re
collect. The remaining five of our
crew were from Webb's regiment ; the
crew of each vessel consisting of nine
men. The schooner was given to Lieu
tenant Thomas, a native of Rhode Isl
and, whose christian name I never
knew. 1 do not even know to what
regiment he belonged ; some of his
men were from Wyly's regiment.
Every thiug now in readiness, wc
Started from New York up the North
River, with a light and variable wind.
Our progress was very, slow, as we
could not make sail to advantage on
account of the grappling irons and
chains, which, as 1 have said, were af
fixed to the yards of the vessels. p The
weather at this time was rainy and
drizriing. The next day after we left
New i'ork, we got up the river as far
as Hpiking Devil Creek, where were
lying turee new gallics, which bad re-.
ccived orders from General Washing
. ton to take us in tow and proceed im-
f mediately up the river that night as far.
as it would be sale tor them to venture.
The night was dark, ibggy, and rainy,
and when we left Spiking Devil Creek
in search of the enemy's ship we
could iscern no object at the dis
tance of fifteen yards. We steered
however, for their ships according to
the best of our judgment, and while we
were under full headway, a stroke
from the bell of their frigate, the Phce
nix, apprised the gallies of their dan
ger. They immediately cast oh bid
us good bye and God speed, and made
the best of their way down the river.
After they left us, we steered our
course by the sound of their ship's bell,
and the sentinel s cry of "All's well."
The orders of com. Tupper, were
that. Captain Thomas with his schoon
er, should keep about 100 vards ahead
of Captain Fosdick's sloop, and grap
ple the bow of the Phoenix, while Capt.
Fosdick should come up and fasten to
her stern. But as it happened Capt.
Thomas beir.g in advance came in con
tact with a tender that was moored in
a direct line ahead of the Phoenix.
The darkness of the night prevented
him from knowing what vessel it was,
and he was obliged to grapple her and
fire his train, by which means the ten
der was soon consumed. The flames
of two vessels made it as light as day,
and the enemy's ships commenced a
tremendous fire of cannon and small
arms upon our vessel; many of their
shot struck our hull, without doing
much injury. We kept o;ir course,
and (succeeded in grappling the bows
of the Phvenix amidst the roar of can
non and the vollics of small arms from
Wt fired our train, acd the sloop re
mained grappled to the Phoenix burn
ing with great fury for the space cf
twenty minutes. At length the enemy
succeeded in clearing their ship by
cutting their bow cable, and letting
their snip drift with the tide, and then
bringing up with their stern anchor, by
which means the force of the tide sep
arated the two vessels ; and the fire ship
drifted to the shore and to the water's
edge. We came off in our boat in safe
ty; not a man of us was hart, nor was
the boat damaged in Ute least by the?
tremendous fire from the ships of volley
after volley, and broadside after broad
side. SrEPHEJI llEJtysTEAD, Sr.
Potatos were first carried
land from America in 1610.
f ...-, -
ClVILrXATION .Nt it-lRBABISK.
What is civilization? 3oab Webster
says it is uthe state, of being civilised ;
the state of being refined iu manners."
What then is refioemeut! A nice ob
servance of the civilities of social life,'
says he, and thus the seeker of the de
finition vibrates like tbepcndulumof a
clock between two words, learning on
ly that civilisation is refinement, and
that refinement is civilisation.
Let us be permitted Ci define a little.
Civilised people are those whose man
ners and customs are h'se cur own, in
1 whatever country we ifojr be kkeiVjt
wcoae trahncirs and CV9?'
cnt for ours,hcre, for instance.
fed man is one who wears
coots, coat ana nat; woo cats wiiTi a
knife and fork, and drinks coffee or tea
with his breakfast. P&ss to the banks
I . S B - -
of the Arkansas, and the wigwams of
the west and there the man is civili
zed who wears a blanket drinks wa
ter, rum is the offspring-of civilization
and sleeps on the ground. There the
civiKzed lady bores holes in her nose,
and suspends her ornaments to that
very respectable organ here the re
fined lady bores holes in her ears ibr a
similar purpose. What is there ab
stractly, more civilized in the cars than
than the nose? Yet wc laugh at the
squaw in her blanket and. with Iter na
sal ornaments and call her a savage !
Again Mr. Brown comes down
from Buffalo and meets his old friend
Smith, in Broadway. Their right
hands instantly meet, and a violent
shaking ensues. What are those
men fighting about," says the dark son
of tropical Africa, to his white friend.
"Fighting i poch ! They arc old friends
that have not met for a long time, and
they are expressing their good will to
wards each other by shaking hands."
What barbarians! why ia my coun
try, when two friends meet they rub
their noses together." What sava
ges!" says the white man.
The ceremonious Mr. Fitzgerald
meets the courtly Mr. Clarence, and
each raises his. bews- YWhat doej
that mean r says Hassan Oglou. We
are saluting each other,' is the reply.
What a ridiculous customV'sars ilas-
san,inmy country We sal ate by clapping
both hands on the forehead, and ma
king a low saloon." "What barba
rians," exclaims the Congoes, 4in my
land, whenever two gentlemen meet,
they snap the finger and thumb at each
other." "How indecorous !" says the
white man. Spirit of common sense!
wilt thou deign to tell us whether the
manner and customs of any one of the
three arc more ridiculous than those of
the others. - -
The Persian pulls his meat to pieces
with his fingers, and eai&horse flesh.
"Shocking," says the New Yorker, as
he sets down to a eaamitthjBer,to a dish
of bear's meat. The figSan cooks his
rattle snake much to the horror of
brother Jonathan, who breakfasts on
stewed eels. The Abyssinian cuts a
6teak from bis cow, sews the skin over
the wound, and lets the animal go a
bout her business till another fit of
hunger leads him to cut another slice.
The unfeeling wretch!" cries the Eu
ropean butcher as he strikes a pig in
the throat and looks complacently on
the expiring grunter. The MoorLh
lady stains her. hair and the ends of
her fingers with saffron. "Dear me
howstrange !" says lady Barbara Belle ;
and away she goes to her toilette to
rouge fir an evening ball. The Chi
nese woman compresses her feet to
the length of a paper of tobacco. The
fair peripatatick of Broadway laughs
at the absurd custom and screws her
waist to the dimensions of a Spanish
cigar. The Turk goes to market and
buys a half dozen wives. "The brute!"
exclaims the half civilized beauty of
fashionable life, and marries the rich
est suitor that she can find.
Now then, have we not satisfactorily
proved that civilization consists in our"
way of doing things and that barbar
ism consists in other people's way of
doing things. Let common sense ans
wer. JV Y. Standard.
Posrrav. The study af poetry has
been to me its own exceeding-great re
ward; it has soothed rny afflictions it
has multiplied and refined my enjoy
ments it has given me (or at least
strengthened in me) the habit of wish
ing to discover the good and the beau
tiful ia all that meUs and sorrounda
4 OLIVER" CROMWELL.
The folktwiiig is thq speech of Oliver
Cromwell, when he dish ed the long
Parliament, 20th April, after
sittuig twelve years, six months, and
lt is high time for nic to put an end
to your sitting in this placr, which you
have dishonored by your contempt of
ail virtue, and defiled by your practice
of every vice. You arc a factious
crew, and enemies to all good gorertK
meat. Ye arc a pack ct mercenary
wretches, and would, lUce Esau, sell
j l;ir .J., Lumw inr a t.-m, V JxiSlviw . irarttv of asBnefatft! -t 'Ti 'A- . i"
yeuf oouatry for aiuess of pottage, and
You have no more religion than my
horse; cold is your God. Which of
you have not bartered away your con
science lor bribes! Is mere amana
mongstyou that has the least care for
the commonwealth t Ye sordid pros
titutes! Have ve not defiled this sa
cred place, and turned the Lord's tem
ple into a den of thieves, by your im
moral principles and wicked practices?
You, who are deputed here by tiie
people to get grievances redretsed,are
yourselves the greatest grievar.ee.
Your country ,therefore, calls upon nic
to cleanse this Augean stable, by put
ting a final period to your proceedings
in this house; and which, by God's
help and thts strength he has given me,
I am now come to do. 1 command
?6u, therefore, upon the peril of jour
ives, to depart immediately out of this
place. Go! get you out; make haste,
ye venal slaves begone! ' fSo! take
away that shining bauble (the mace)
there, and lock up the doors."
Byeo,n-Misfortune stamped him
for her own at his birth; and with no
equivocal sign, a termagant and a lib
ertine were his cradle watchers. He
had no "monitor of his young years."
Hi youth was blasted in its spring;
and (true, indeed, like m3ny who have
built themselves monuments in the bo-
mm r wen) he wha icore. all J
hearts with sympathy, was unable to
touch the one cf liis choice with love.
"as lives a withered boujh,
Elossomicss, leafless, and alone."
He died he, the man upon whom
the eyes of the world were fixed with
admiration, if not with favor, died in a
cheerless barracknroom, without a
friend or relative to minister to him;
bis last moments disturbed by the cla
mours of a mutinous soldiery, and his
eyes closed by a menial. Nay, more,
his very remains cannot escape con
tumely. His ashes are excluded from
a public cemetry by his coantrv men ;
and there are those found in the land
which he delighted to honor, who
would brand his name with infamy!
If such are the penalties of frailty and
indiscretion, what ignominy is reserv
ed for actual crime?
NtCHT 9CEE IN THE DesEHT. A
caravan presents in the evening a very
active and cheerful scene. The cam
els,which had been turned out to graze
as soon as they had halted and been
unloaded, now return in separate
groups, each of which, following bc
bell of its leader, proceeds directly to
the spot where its master's tents are
pitched. When arrived tht re the do
cile animals lie down of their own ac
cord in a row, and their head are at
tached by halters to a rope, which is
fastened to a range of stakes about
four feet high, extending along the
front f the camp. They are then fed
with large balls composed of barley
meal and lentils, mixed up with water,
which they swallow whole .and are left
to ruminatetillmorning. A soon as the
night closes in, fires begin to blaze in
every direction. They are made with
dry thorns and stunted shrub, collect
ed round the camp, and their flames
throw a bright light on the diOLrent
groups of travellers who are seen
squatted on the ground in front of their
tents, or beside their piles cf merchan
dize, some occupied with their pipes
and coflee, and others enjoying their
frugal evening's meal. In an oriental
company, of whatever class it is com
posed, the harsh sounds of vulvar mer
riment are never to be heard; a low
hum of conversation spread? through
the camp, and as the evening advances,
this gradually sinks into a silence, dis
turHed only by the occasional lowing
of the ecus-. AH those persons who
, a civili- j virtue'now remaining among youi tf l" Tizl'JS .W T
breeches, there one vice vou do not possess? ! " 1 -
rmiia; nap roa 9t rut sqparb
have once tried itymd w ho understand
the eastern languages, speak of a cara
van as a very agreeable mode of travel
ing. The wild and solitary scenery
through which it generally passes, the
order nd tranquility with which it i
conducted, the facility of ecsnxvitig
baggage and the feeling of ieeurity
which prevail, ampljr compensate for ,
the slowcss of its movements; and a
tpong hcadreds of persona collected
from the most ttanr jptrts of tW
Turkish empire end the" Jfcioriag
states, many or wtowa cave rpest uieir
lives ia travelling there is to be fooedi
- LtENCTH OF W10HT3 IN V4SIOK rBTg-
' The longest night at Cayenne 'aWl
Pond i cherry Is 12 hours ; at ilayti 1 S ;
Ispahan, 1 1 ; at Paris, Dijon and Car
esonne, 15;at Arras and Dublin, 1G; at
Copnehagen and Riga, 17 j at Stock
hold, 18; at.Hrontheim, in Norway,
Archar.gle, A:c. J0; at Ulin, Bothnia,
21 ; and at Tornea, 22. At Eiiouteke,
the total abs-ence of the sun endures
45 days consecutive! v; at Wardhuus,
5f; at Cape North, 71; and lastly.
Melville island is totally destitute
light for 102 days.
A wEiwiiTT jury. The officer whoso
province it ia to summon the County
Coart Juries far Preston, having boon
found fault with at tho last court for
bringing together so poor a jtiry, was
reqested on tha next occasion to invite a
more weighty and substantial class of
mn. Accordingly, on Tuesday last ho
introduced into courts set of jolly looking
follow, whose weight and suhetanee will
not be questioned, when it is known that
the twelve good men and true, on being
put into the balance at the close of the
day's buisiness, were found to weigh no
less tban 1 ton 7cwt.2l lbs. or lbs.
tho lightest rasa among them being 225
lbs. Journal of Xtfir.
Etaiv voTAT"OSS.-lf you are desirous
of having early potatoes, t,ttr bos or a
harm) and pt alayer of iry earth wijtha.
bottoin, then a ' layer of potatoex; tbu' '
erth sufficient to cover them, and bo on;
taking care to cover the top well, place
your potatoes in a warm place in the
kitchen, and in a very few days they wdl
begin to sprout, so that, by the time the
ground is sufficient warm, 3-our potatoes
will be in fine order for planting out by
this course two or three Weeks time will
be saved, as it is well known that pota
toes planted in the cold ground arc a
long time in corning up.
To preserve Bacon from Skippers.
Vf"ben your bacon Is cured, dip it in very
strong lye so as Co wet the outside per
fectly; neither the fly nor the bug will
meddle with it afterwards, though ilhang
in the ernoko hcu-wall surcuner. t Thft
e-jperini?nt is certainly worth trying.
The largest iron bridge in the world U
in China; near Kiogtung, where it forms .
a perfect road from the top of one im
mense mountain to another. It is formed
of chain?, 21 ia number, ar.d bound to
gether by other cross chains. Thi
bridge h tnoro than 150 years old.
Anotlur Chain. Passing the doer ot
one of our theaters a few eveniags aiuce,
ve observed a young ruan of country
look, vith a young miss of genteel dress,
hanging upon his arm. She was trying
f persuade him to pay a hackman for a.
passage to her lodging?, bet tho young
raan being an economist, remonstrated,
and thought they could wall. The hack
rs&a said it was a Uame, be Lad rather
go for nothing the see than lady walk eo
far, but did not go, though the young man
persevered in his remonstrance. They
passed on till they came against one of
the cellars, by the theatre, when she in
sisted upon ha going in to give her some
thing to drink. Ha detnsrrrcd again, and
said he thought they could do without.
I; will codt you only throe cents, said the.
But even this argument with the econom
ical beau had no ef&ct. Now this little
circumstance discover the connexion of
certain branches of business, ia this eity.
The theatre i where the miss went for a
beau. Having secured the victim, tLe
hackman mnut have a job, the keeper of
the cellar & customer, and then Here b
a chain not exactly like Lorenzo ',
for that had fire links, two hooks and a
swivel, bat this only four links, one boo:
and oo swivel. She hooked him, ami
twisting merely will not free hixn; bo
must break the chain, or remain a prison
er. 'V -
Nothing more clearly indicates rank
and education, than evenness of tem
per and a constant dere to please.
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