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mn(DfflEnMiD ipaililaiidiitijeq i-ii VOI- a. no. a RICHMOND, WAYNE COUNTY, INDIANA, SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1833. WHOLE XO. ue f 1 ) i V. 4 5 ever MtuiAT Moraiac, T C Bfaia i . Dirasmiacum aticcta. TERMS Two dollars per volume, if! Mid within the year, and two aouars ana fiftv ents. if oavment be delayed until h var exoires. Advertisements in- tcrted at the usual rates. A. FLOOD OF THE MISSISSIPPI. t3v of our lareer streams, such as the Mississippi, the Ohio, the Illinois, the Arkansas, and tne iwa mver, ex hibit, at certain seasons, the most ex tensive overflowing of their waters, to which the name of floods is more ap- nrnnriato than the term trtihcU. USU1- fy applied to the sudden ridings of j mailer streams. II we coi.siuer we vast extent of country through which an inland navigation is afforded by the never-failing supply of water furnished by tnese wonderful rivers, we cannot suppose them exceeded in magnitude by any other in the known world. It will easily be imagined what a won derful spectacle must present itself to the eve of the traveller who, for the 4irst time, views the enormous mass of waters collected Irom tne vast central Tegioosof our continent, booming along, turbid and swollen to overflowing, in -the broad channels of the Mississippi and Ohio, the latter of which has a ourseof more than a thousand miles, and the former of several thousands, 'f o give you some idea of a booming j" -- -iwd oi' tne ao gigantic streams, it is Aecessary to state the causes which Eire rise to it. These are the suddei , pelting of the snows on the mountains, UmJ heavy rains continued lor several weeks. When it happens that, during severe winter, the Alleghany moun tains have been covered with snow to tbe depth of several feet, and the ac u mutated mass has remained unmel- ted for a length of time, the materials of a flood are thus prepared. It now And then happens that the winter is "hurried off bv a sudden increase of tpnirwtviturc- when the accumulated . iav simultaneously over --J the whole country, and the south-east-erl wind wich then usually blows, brings along with it a continued fall of beavy rain, whifn, mingling mm we iessolvingsnow, de.'uges the alluvial portions of the srtfst.ni country, fil ing up the rivulet ravines, creeks, nd small rivers. Vhese delivering fteir waters to the great streams, cause the latter not merely to isc to a sur prising height, but to ove rsow their banks, wherever the land is Kw. On uch occasions, the Ohio itselft"p resents splendid, and, at the same ttn.v, an UtDaUing spectacle; but when lis wa ters mingle with those of the Mississip pi. - then, kind reader, is the time view an American flood in all its a- tonishing magnificence. At the foot of the falls of the Ohio, he water has been known to rise up wards of sixty feet above its lowest le vel. The river, at this point, has already ran a course of nearly seven hundred miles, trom its origin, at riits- btirg,in rennsyivania, uunug .... n has received the waters oi its number-, less tributaries, and overflowing all the bottom-lands or valleys, has swept along the fences and dwellings which Jiavc been unable to resist its violence. J could relate hundreds of incidents which might prove to you the dreadful .FT,r- Afaurkan imindnt inn. And whir h effects ofsuch an inundation, and which hirh mivni Drove 10 you iiic ureauiui u.aia-u - 1 . . i .i j r . k ,.,..wlc Have oeen wimessru j besides myself. 1 have known, for ex ample, of a cow swimming through a wi. dow elevated at least seven feet from the ground, and sixty-two above Tnv.watr-r mark. lhe Mouse was rromJded bv water from the! urrounaen oy wdwr iruni i c then surrounded by water trom the nhinWh raiMin front of it while mov, wmcn rum in irumvi n, wutic, the neighboring country was over- owed;yet the family did not remove from it, but remained m its upper! i : ' k,-; IfT portion, having previously taken off" u"f thoaho of ttTo fr window, and;'"101"1 uu"utl 5" "re7 openedthe doors But let u return! floatin? arou ,m animals on . . ". " ,nrh'.!i thrv usuallv Drev. thev d to the Mississippi There the overflow is astonishing; fb- no sooner has the water reached trr upper part of the banks, than it fuheout and over-spreads the whole of the neighboring swamps, present ing an ocean overgrown with stupen luru dous forest-trees. So sudden is the i K,t h in.l,B;a..,i ,kk man or beat, has to exert his utmost ingenuity to enable him to escape from the dreaded element. The In dian quickly removes to the hills of the interior, the cattle and game swim to the different stripes of land that re main uncovered in the midst of the flood, or attempt to force their way through the waters until they perish from fatigue. Along the banks of the river the inhThitant have rafts ready made, oo which they remove them selves, the i r cattle, and thei r pro v i sions, and which they then fasten with ropes or grape vines to the larger trees, while they contemplate the melancholy spectacle presented by the current, as it carries off their houses and wood yards piece by piece. Some who have nothing to lose, and are usually known by the name of squatters , take this op portunity of traversing the woods in canoes, for the purpose of procuring game, and particularly the skins ol an imals, such as the deer and bear, which may be converted into money. They resort to the low ridges surrounded by the waters, and destroy thousands of deer, merely for their skins, leaving the flesh to putrefy. The river itself, rolling its swollen waters along, presents a spectacle of the most imposing nature. Although no large vessel, unless propelled by steam, can now make its way against the current, it is seen covered by boats laden with produce, which running out' from all the smaller streams, float si lently towards the city of New-Orleans,! their owners, meanwhile, not very well assured of finding a landing-place even there, the water is covered with yellow foam and punice, the lat ter having floated from the rocky mountains of the north wst. The ed dies are larger and more powerful than ever. Here and there tracts of forests are observed unlermined. the tiees gradually giving way, and falling into the stream. Cattle, horses, bears, and deer, are seen at times attempting to swim across the impetuous mass of foaming and boiling water; whilst here and there a vulture or an eagle is ob served on a bloated carcass, tearing it up in pieces, as regardless of the flood as on former occasions it would have been cf numerous sawyers and plan ters with which the surface of the ri ver is covered when the water is low. Even the steamer is frequently dis tressed. The numberless tiees and logs that float along, break its paddles and retard its progress. Besides, it is on suclt occassions difficult to procure fuel to maintain its (ires; and it is only at very dstant intervals that a wood yard can he tound which the water has not carried off. Following the river in your canoe, you reach those part of the shores that are protected against the overflowing of the waters, and are called trees. 1 here you find the whole population of the district atwork repairing audi augmenting those artificial harries which are several feet above the level of the fields. Every person appears to dread the opening of a crevasse, by which the waters may ru?h into his fields. In spite of all exertions, bow ever, the crevasse opens, the water bursts impetuously over the planta tions, and lays waste the crops which so lately were bloomi.g in all the lux uriance of spring, it opens up a new ,-hannel, which, for aught 1 know to ti'ie contrary, may carry its waters even to the Mexican Gulf. 1 have floated on the Mississippi and Ohio wiien thus swollen, and have in different places visited the submersed lands p.f the interior, propelling a light tne aid of a paddle In tllis - , ,va trstvttra ;Ilir manner i have traversed immense por tions of"th country, overflowed by the waters ok these rivers; and, particular- ly whilst floating over the Ls3issippihejgijt, It undergoes little fluciuationiau appropriation of land in aid of their iow the old mare's harness tonsitin" bottom-landi-, 1 have been struck itiij forsoma days, and after this subsides objects. He was puzzled, he said, tolof breast plate,andtraccs,madeof the awe at the siehl- Little or no current !as s.lo'lv a it rasp. The nsn.il dura- know what to do with the papers. but!,,ntor,n,i,;,l -,f -,r a h i. . ... , t ,s mel Wlin ! , i -''Ition ofa flood is from four to six weeks, nasses j .. , ml;inrholv. unless nhon passes over me t " j" 13 Otlwlil i 'va j y the mournful bleating of the hemmed- in deer reaches vour ear, or the dis. mal scream of an eagle or a ravn is heard, as the foul bird rises, disturbed bv yur aPProach f,om lhe 'cass on jtinent afford illustrations of the forma alUvinfr its rraviiitr annp.L: r ... i . i. "j. y r. r , -...,....,; w,1,u " . & "rr- tion oi strata, now mucn more must! rnnr.iri. vines. .ai.A all.!.- ::: : :.u u:r.: tite. Bears, cougars, lynxes, aud all -- othe crQ "j3 "c their top-branches. H can ascend the roue bed among p-brancnes. Hungry in tne a . rj--u i ,i,(,.,.k ,u not venture to swim to them. Fati - guedby the exertions wnicn tney nave made in reaching the dry land, they j s manv cf our readers may be in-, the same source commending it to the will there stand the hunter's fire, as interested in knowing where tiie tleadPRcal attention of Henry Clay, and to die by a ball were better than to; iieeral of our Armv was born, how I Richard M. Johnson. The memorial perish amid the waste of waters. On ' - i i. a.:. ll v. 1 . r1" . ' . . are snot Dy nunareus. Opposite the city of Natchez, which stands on a bluff bank of considerable elevation, the extent of inundated land is immense, the greater portion of the tract lying between the Mississippi and the Red River, which is more than thirty miles in breadth, being under water. The mail-bag has often been carried through the immed forests, in a canoe , for even a greater distance in order to be forward to Natchito chex. But cow, kind reader, observe this great flood gradually subsiding, and again see the mighty changes which it has effected. The waters have, now been carried into the distant ocean. The earth is every where covered by a deep deposit of mudy loam, which, in drying, splits into deep and narrow chasms, presenting a reticulated ap- perance, and from which, as the weath er becomes warmer, disagreeable, and at times noxious, exhalation arise, and fill the lower stratum of the atmosphere, as with a dense fog. ; The banks of the river have almost every where been broken down in a greater or less de gree. Large streams are now found to exist, where none were formeily to be seen, having forced their way in di rect lines from the upper parts of the bends. These are, by the navigator called short-cuts. Some of them have proved large enough to produce a change in the navigation of the Missis sippi. If I mistake not, one of these, known by the name of Grand cut-off, and only a few miles in length, has di verted the river from its natural course, and has shortened it by fifty miles. The upper parts of the islands pesent a bulwark consisting of an enormous mass of floated tree of all kinds, which have lodged there. Large sand-banks have been completely removed by the impetuous whirls of the waters, and have been deposited in other places. Some appear quite new to the eye of the navigat r, who has to mark tneir situation and bearings in his logbook. The trees on the margins of the brinks have in many p rts given away. They are seen bending over the stream, like the grounded arms of an over whelmed armv of giants. Everv where are heard the lamentations of! the farmer and planter, whilst their servants and themselves are bui I y em ployed in repairing the damage oc casioned by the floods. At oie ere vassey an old ship or two, dismantled for the purpose, are sunk, to obstruct the passage opened by the still rushing waters, while new earth is brought to nil up the chasms. The squittet is seen shouldering his rifle, and making his way through the morass, in search of his lost stock, to drive the survivors home, and save the skins of the drown ed. New fences have everywhere to be formed; even new bouses must be erected, to save which from a like dis aster, the settler places them on an ele vated platform, supported by pillars made of the truuks of trees. The lands must be ploughed anew; and if the season is not too far aivanc-d, a crop of corn and potatoes may yet be raised. But the rich prospects of the planter are blasted. The traveler is impeded in his journey, the creeks and smaller streams having broken up their banks in a degree proportionate to their size. V hank of sand, winch seems firm and secure, suddeid pives way beneath the traveler s horsi, md the next moment the animal has sank in the quicksand, either to the chest in front, or over the crupper behind,' leaving its master tn a situation not to be envied. Lnlike the mountain-torrents and) small rivers of other parts of the world,' Jan. 1 4, a memorial from certain per the Mississippi rises but slowly during! sons in the west representing tliem these floods, continuing for sevcaljsehes as subjects of endless life, stating weeks to increase at the rate of aboutjth.it they had made great moral and .in inch in the dav. When at its i . - . laltiough on some occasions, it is pro tracted to two months. Every one kno vs how largely the idea of floods and cataclysms enters, . . 1-.: ! .t . intuth sacculations of the pvo.ofist. if the streamlets of the European con- uwuiu.m..u.nuc the Mississippi, with its ever-shifting' sand-banks, its crumbling shot es, its enormous masses of drift timber, the 1 I . source of future beds of coal, its exten- . . ... ... ' . .i jsiveand vanea anuviai deposits, anai jts mishtymass of waters rolling sul - j . tUIICfc.01- UbJi. MALU.MB. he was educated, how he looks, kc; we will endeavor to satisfy them on sun dry of these points, from Richards' Memoirs, lately published. Gen. Macomb, who was of Irish des cent on the father'sside,and French on the mother's-wasborn at Detroit on the 3d of April, 1782. He is now, of course, in his 51st year. As Detroit was at that time a military post, he may almost have been said, observes his biographers to have been nursed infield and for tress, and rocked by the storms of war. He became a favorite with the soldiers of the garrison. He wax dandled on :l-e soldier's knee, fed at the soldier's Jernment l inds near the mouth of the mess, his eyes were dazzled with the Ohio on the Mississippi, fenced with gorgeous pageantry of a military par-'all the guards to keep out intcresteI ade, and his ear delighted with the rous- ness which the wisdom of your bodv ing strains of martial music. jean devise, for the life (natural) which While yet an infant, however, his j we say will be (endless) of Alexander father removed to New York, where .xlc'Daniel, now (ti year of age, i;i the son spent theearly daysof hischild- appearance weak and infirm, save the hood. When eight tears ot age, hei was sent to the Newark Academy, which was then under the charge of the Kev. Dr. I zual Ogden. He there received the rudiments of a classical, mathematical and French education. There also his fondness for doing bat tle, and his talents for command first discovered themselves, in a juvenile affray with the oung sons of St. Cris pin. The challenge came from the latter, who appeared en masse before: the students. A combat ensued, in ty lor this blessed faith. It is dated which Macomb took the lead, and in j'Mercer Co. Kentucky, 15th Dec. year which after a severe struggle with tistsjof our Ixrd 1S3J, and of Cndlcss Life and sticks, the Crispins were driven the 1st." Jounuil of Commerce. from the field. IP a subsequent af fray, it vas agreed that each partv Mauriace. la Chateaubriand' should select its champion, and decide ihc contest according to the laws ol pugilism. Macomb, then but thirteen years ot age, entered the ring on the side of the students; where, by means of the pugilistic art, which he had cultivated under his brother-in-law, he honorably maintained the combat against the brawny arms and athletic strength of his antagonist. At the age of fourteen, he intima ted t his father a desire to enter the at my or navy. But his father, deeming a good education of the, greatest consequence, refused his consent, tie took him home, and cau sed him to be particularly instructed in mathematics and drawing, and en gaged masters to perfect him in the art of fencing and riding. At the age of sixteen he entered a company of volunteers, called the New York rangers; and soo.i after, the country being then apparently on the eve of war with France, he received from General Washington the appoint ment of Cornet in a company of light dragoons, commissioned on ra tk, on the lUth of January, 1797, whence he dates his military service in the army of the U. States. In 1802, when the Militay Acade my was first organized at West Point, Macomb received the appointment of first Lieutenant of 1 he corps of Engin - -i . . eers; .and ne is considered tne oldest graduate, now in the that institution. He service, from! was soon an-i pointed to the duty of diutant (being! then bur twenty years of age) and poison all your joys. When you caress charged with the instruction of the' your i:cw infant, you will think of the cadets in their military exercises. I smiles of one you have lost, when you His subsequent life, previous to the j press your wife to your bosom, your late war, was most y occupied in the (heart will tell you that she is not the Engineer Department, in various stat-jfirst. Every thing in man tends to ions. a department in which he is! unity; he is no longer happy whn he considered to be a most thorough pro - ucient. Ut his conduct during the late,m ms image, ni sou i seeks incessantly war, th laurels he won at Pittsburgh,! to concentrate into one point, the past. md the station he now holds, the public need not be inform d. ENDLESS LIFE SOCIETY. Mr. Clay presented in the Senate, 1 relie:io;s improvements, and asking as they had beensentto him, Iieshould, i ... he supposed, become, a subject, ot their endless enmity' unless he pre - sented them. The petitionecrs mo - destly asked a life estate in the land,! I I. i but the committee on public lands which he proposed to refer the me - innri 1 1 wkii l4 rr: fLr t)i'it ;iffrrA t rrr 7. .. - - io me lauu oi me icnuo.ircrs a me; it.Q ,,l,l !, ,(,. estate to them, would be an estate in. perpetuity. The resolution was rc - ferred to the committee on public lands. ..... , , Deing curious 10 Know somemmg ! more of this fantasy, I subsequently 'the papers, which consist of the memor - i lal ahove referred to; and a letter from' commences thu 44 The memorial ot the subjects ol endless life residing in the west, having dr, ready for hewing and splitting. struck the rock of principle, higher than the highest in relation to the Singular Ornaments anmng the L: great purposes and ends of our being, dians. Their females have a su.gular and given to our bodies, souls an J spir-! mode of ornamenting themselves, its, perpetual existence upon this globe They bore a hole through the upper which is the consumation of ancientjjip, as low down towards the chinas and modern lorc.that which kings and j possible, and stick several longtbong prophets long desired the sight of, and, m the aperture, with the points pro the knowledge of which cannot be com-ijecting do vnwards. Observing that muiicated to the unsavored mind. j several of the tribe lad decorated thir We ask a lease of land for this sub - jector principle on some of the gov - building's ot immortaliiv !' the memorial goes on to s!ate,that the near paradise, will he placed at ihejunction of the Ohio and the Missis sippi; that there the tree of life will be planted, and tho subjects of en fl.-ss life' gathered together. The number of u,"it furthers t s4 'is at this time Ivor 1.3, though not all are now here.' It is signed Leouard Jones and Henry Uanta, a shaker for many years, cxrluded from that s.icie- jHJcnie de Christi misme" we find the loHow ngohservationson Marriage, n the reasons for its indissolubility. Habit and a long life together are more necessary toll ippincss, and even to love, than is generally imagined. No one is happy with the object of his attachment until he has passed m i iy days, and above all, many d.nsofmis foitune, with her. The married pair must know each other to the bottom of their souls; the mysterious veil which coverd the two spouses in the primitive church must be raised in its utmost folds, how closely soever it may be kept drawn to the world. vVhat! on account of a fit of caprice, or a burst of passion, am I to Iks exposed to the fenr of losing my wife and my children, and to renounce the hope of passing' my declining days with them? " .er no one imagine that fear will make me become a better husband. No: we do not attacli ourselves to a possession of which we arc not secure; we do not love a property which vc arc in danget' oflosing. Vc must not give to .Ilymci the wing of love, nor makea sacred reality a fleeting phantom. One thin;; i a lone sufficient to destroy your happing in such transient unions; j-ou will con- Ista'.t'v compare one to the other; t.ho I wife you have lost to the one you h ivr. ; gained, and do not deceive yourself, the :ii i : i: . .i iKii.tiiet niiiuiwitj!) incline 10 u past for so God has constructed the human hert. This distraction ofa sentiment which should be indivisible, will era- , is divided, and like tod who made him j the present, and the future. A Stretcher. An elderly gentleman of unimpeached veracity, though by the way somewhat addicted to story telling relates the following: Duriug the early days of this town, before carts came in vogue, he was accustouted to haul his wood by the aid -. n nA Kl . h m .m Untinl.icrr. "- v.. mi. Q a ruiny day, he went to his wood lot, j situated some 40 or 50 rods from his j dwelling, for the purpose of procuring ja ioad of wood. After having cut a 1c which he e. '"' . . to'jujgeij mig,t be a smart load for his , beast, he fastened her to one end, set ' 1 i l 1 1 I i , ner neau iowaru3 gc ner lue rcJn. 4 h old mare continue ! . , . her course till she arrived at his door, when to his surprise, he discovered. - t,at owing to the great extensibility Uftho r;iro thpv bnd sirptrhod th . . - w,00 distance, without breakin:or moving the load an inch. Throwing janti removing the harness from her threw the breast plateov cr a post that stood near the door and went to bed. Upon rising the next morning he found the heat of tho morning sun had t' operated on tiie contractibility of th : traces, as to brinz his wood ur t lh lip3 W1th common pins. 1 gave one of the sjaaw a few that 1 happened t