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VO 3. S'J.ll. RICHMOND, WAYNE COUMi, INDIANA, SATURDAY, MARCH J3, D33. i i I'ablisked every Saturday Moraia, 3K "T. nOLLOVAT. Corner of Maia and Washiagtoa treet. TERMS. Two dollars per volume, if; . i paid within the year, and two dollars and - ft"''- 'fifty cents, if payment be delayed until the year expires. Advertisements f verted at the usual rates. 4 -A. in- From the Metropolitan. I EMI N ISC ENCE OF T II E LAST WAR, BY A3 ETC WIT5EW. Skirmish at Benedict, In the month of June, 1814, I was on a visit tc Alexandria, when the ar rival of a British force in the waters of the Patuxent river was announced, ac companied by an order for the imme diate calling out of the militia of the District of Columbia. Beiu" a sin- sultation now took place between Ma jor Peters and Gen. Stuart as to the probability or possibility of capturing tne marauders; the lormer assuring the latter that if he would allow him he would take fmmm man prisoner, the latter thou Vpossible ; but finally the word l f to "charge." The valient old Y....pion dashing ahead, was followed by Major Peters; next tne Alexandria troop; with the Wash ington, and then Georgetown troop; we went on in lull canter down the hill. n hen about half way down, our sailor-soldier, Wise, put spurs to his horse, and passed ahead of the whole troop; and the next moment himself and Gen. Stuart were seen rid- m. a a I - - gle man and having two horsey I im-jing a fair race, striving who should be mediately volunteered my services to first on the spot. tained, of feeding their live stock ou I captain. The sad task was acconplish board the sloop of war, which was ly-jed by laying the body of poor Frank a ing immediately off the town, and but cross the borse 1 had loaned to Mr. a few yards from the shore. A con-.Conway, mvself supporting his head on my arms, Mr. Conway his feet. whilst 31r. Withers carried his cap.; and Mr. Mandeville led ise raised heie, as well as rood or all other vegetable productions of our middle and Southern States. In some places the tanners were harvesting oats. Tiie Siraw was verv lar-je and the grain looked well. The wheat harvest Th Captain William F. Thornton, of the Alexandria Dragoons. The troop turned out, 1 believe, to a man; that is, every man who could by any means procure a horse. But there were se veral wbo could not obtain one; among this number was an intimate friend Al acquaintance, Mr. Robert Conway, ofj In the mean time the cnemv having a: j . . J uiscoverea our approach, endeavoured to effect their escape to a thick tract ol wooJ or swamp lying between the town and the field of corn. In this en deavour they were successful, with the exception of sop four or five who were made prisoners, ar.d on- m;!r. Alexandria, (now living) to wij'-na Iiwho was killed uuder the following loaned my eltra horse. We left Al-circuri?.tances: Wise, as I have be fore stated, had dasheu .head ol the whole- outriding Gen. Stuart, leaped a fence exmdria, if I recollect right, about nine oxlock in the morning, and pro ceeded forhtwith toourplaceofdestina- tion, viz: Benedict. On arriving at at the foot of the hill, about fifty yard Washington, we were joined by the from which became up with a British Washington troop, commanded by ""jeart, whom I-..- ordered to surren- One prisoner, ho v ver, was not the horse. In this manner we proceeded to thehime nouse 01 Mr. J. isoutheron, about a mile distant, on the hill. There we remained about an hour until the ar rival of Mr. Griffith, (the Commissary) who had come up that day from Alex andria in a smallsulkey. Mr.Griffith?s servant was placed in it, and the corpse in tne loot ol it was supported by the servant, and two of the troop wa.king on each side. In this manner we pro ceeded to the house of . .r. Z. South -eron, where the corpse was laid out. and on the following day ;ve carried him to a small church in the neighbor hood, called Viletters," where we in ferred him with the honors of War. On this day a naff of truce came on shore for the purpose of tffet tii g the release ot the prisoners we had taken and the lieutenant of the vessel of war, upon being informed of ttie death of had been over sonie weeks e country h a still Letter as we ro tart her to 'Pit 1 1 i"""!" are larger ar.n more numer ous. The farms still look better than heretofore. The range, tor cattle, is ex ceedingly tine. From twenty to thirty , and even as many as fortv , Ieat-tiful laree fat cows, with youiifT calves, are to be seen, penned up at the different farm hone. esj and yet the settlers have most!-, rai ded but a few years in the country The facility in raising s,tock is wonderful. Horses, cattle, and hogs, require no feed ing, w inter nor summer. We now come to a branch of the river Neches, called the ay efce ixiyou. 1 litre are man v settlers in the vicinity of this stream" some ol whom are located a considerable distance from the road. Several mills for grind ing grain and sawing timber, are etal- 11-1. .t-n T usneu on mis liavoti. A re it variety of excellent tun r-er presents itelf,in the bot toms. Some cane is likewi t, h ....,. -. v ' 11 M.cas',naiiv. The land Generally till the Serjeant, observed that they would ',reserves .a e'JtJIS, color; and the'soii is rather have lost any ten men in the flip than him. It appears that he was a I renchman hv birth, hut h id erved in the British ..rmv in Hilland. squadron, and h iving succeeds in under the f 'uke of York, and had Captain Elias B. Caldwell, and the Georgetown troop, commanded by Capt. (I forget whom.) the whole uu der the command of Major Peters, of Georgetown. Having iormed, we a gain proceeded. After crossing the bridge over the Eastern Branch, a halt was called, and we fed our horses. We resumed our march, and arrived in the evening at Aquasco Mills, a few miles from Benedict; here we encamp ed for the night. On the following morning, a party was despatched to Benedict, to recon noitre, and report the movements of Wic enemy. At about twelve o'clock of this day, another person (who was among the number previously men tioned, as not being able to procure horses) arrived, Mr Francis Wise. He was not a member of the troop, but had, like myself, volunteered his servi-es. He was, by profession, a sailor, and is well remembered in Al- expired without a struoro-le r a groan. have no that der. enough for the sailor, and he roue on rapidly, in order to arrest the iligat of some others. This he soon saw was hopeless, and the reply of the Bri tish Serjeant having been by no means satisfactory to Wise, (it was to this ef fect, that he would never surrender to a Y ankee,) Wise was induced to rein up his horse and return upon the man. The serjeant seeing this, immediatelv squatted upon the ground, and fired at ise when within .ihr.nr rift,.... steps of him; the fire took effect: the ball striking- Wise near the heart, car ried with it one of the buttons of his coat. It appears to me at this mo ment, that Wise leap from his saddle twelve oreightecn inches above it, and without touching it again, fell upon the ground. He tnstnr.tlj thr-v huli self on his bark, crossed his arms over his breast, placed his fret together, ,nd been instrument A in saving the Duke's life there, for which he was raised to 'he raid f seijeant of mart 'e. with the understand i 1 g' that lie shou'd never he broken. After this Utile rencon tre, we remained in the neighborhood for about three wer-ks, when we were finally ordered home. W. tn inrermiAture .t loam and irravel In some places a little sand ma,' be seen. The roads are, fur the most part, verv good. Large wagons, drawn by three or tour yoke of oxen, are constantly guiiir on them. Hue Us Co lntdUginccr. At this moment the enemy opened a heavy fire of cannon from their ship out al though several shot passed very near us, we escaded uninjured. TIIE TKXAS COUMIiV. Benjamin Lundy , Ivq. t-dif-ir ;t"the Ge nius of Universal Em .inoip.jf em, during '.tie summer ot the past ea-, m le a v iit ! .1.: .1 i ui uiis !iiu.ry ; me oojeci t wtu.-ti w..- Ai.uert News am. This is the name of a young man who had the mis fortune to be born deaf and dumb; but lavn.g been admited into the Asylum- t Philadelphia founded; a few years ri.ife, for the education oi that unfortu nate class of beiii.es is now an artist of distinguished skill, and yet higher promise. In casually reading a com munication in a late 1. umber of the Lancaster lleailj, detailing the pro ceedings of the Pennsylvania legisla ture w.. were forcibly struck with a passage therein, relative to this artist. The iociderds connected with his dis- TlUB WlNDJMG V OF CONGRESS. The scene in each house of Congress at the final adjournment, is always fil led with many touching passages. Here a firely Southron is seen extend ing his hand to a member wVio has oc cupied a seat near him the whole ses sion and whom before he has b.ardlv iieirer arjear- 1 - , , .- . . , . the westward. jde!,Sned to ; wishing him u saie return to 111s lamiiy aim Health happiness and prosperity for the re mainder of his life. There, two vigor ous gladiators whoh ave watched eatli others movements with eyes of suspi cion, suddenly are seen advancing with, expressions of kindly feeling, as the thought lorces itself upon their mind that this meeting may, perhaps, be the last. J he contiicts cl political life do not often allow of gentle feelings, but theieare few w ho, in parting are suffi ciently iron-hearted not to manifest some swnpton s of scn-i' ility. Amoijg the number of those who re tire from public life with the present ses don, are some who have long been distinguished in the annals of legisla tion. There is a Senator from Ohio by the name of Ruggles, who has serv ed eighteen years in that body, than w hom a more useful, honest and pa triotic man that state does not possess. rIU. II rl. ! l .. C IV T i)r ioiiii . iHyior ti i'vevv York now takes his leave of Washing ton after having been honored with the confidence of his constituents foi an uninterrupted period of twenty years. Dr. Louis Condict of New Jersey, an upright, pure and valuable member, aio, takes ins farewell alter a term oj strvice not much shortei. Others there are, like John Holmes; of Maine, whom office alone has made conspicuous-, v h "Are but bubbles on the sea of matter borne; They rise, they break, and to that set return." Boston ittan. exandria, as having been among- her marked hi- actio,, and I be! sailors. He was in every sense of doubt that he was full sorsible the world a complete seaman, alike regardless of dancer or its conse quences, and though more accustomed to mounfi'ujdeck than mounting horo. our tar-sol iirr, as well as his horse, showed that he had been crowd ing every inch of canvass to come up with us. II id he been asking the loan of a horse to go to a wddiog, poor Wise could not have asked the favor more ardently than he bad done on ine preeaing nay, in every quar hi ,t -.,1 j ... 1 ., 1 v,iu om-iesi. nis moors nave neen rn ,vhT,T"n " X a ,1 ,9 priacipullv f.r the emancipation of the co.mct.or,, proceeded o toy htmfont, , i!a vcs ,;hich makes the inject f.r (if I may be allowed the term,) for had ;rolo az.ug .hem in Texas a suiject his friends , ,shru thev certainly could !m..re particularly interested to thoe phi not have laid him out with more r.ictv. Janthropic citizens who have everted It was a remark 'de thing, and I look; themselves fr the benefit of the upon it as en;!Ci,ir rn-e t ool deliier-jand the colored people generally. -ie nrmnrss in the moment of death j As a knowledge of the resources of the thai, is often art with. i country may be in a measure agae, we The ir.st.tnt tie Sf rjeant had fired,have thought an extract from his desenp and seel the ffect of his fire, he at-!1'''" oi it may prove interesting to the tempted again to make his escape by general reader "to investigate the state of thiag gener-j ities and tou h the heart of every read ally, as tar as it mighty be cu)ve:iiev r-r. The rult, in this case, attending wim me uiiimace view ot pit-pirmg :h way for the future emigr -i ui ?iid -.etti me.it of colored people from hese iSiates. rrom his writi .gs, it ap-tears that lie was erletjy itlsrwil ni th piopru-tv ami i utility of the measure. Mr. Lumiy is al most universally known as an untiring advocate of the interests of the slave pop ulation, au.i any measure whica he iuHT ts himseit in, wili bj looked up- w ith mteiest. iiis hit Country without rain. In that part of Peru called Vallies, which lies on the in rth and south side of Lima, iu south latitude I2deg., bound on the overv and recogni ion, iu the asylum,' east by the Andes, and on the West by re of a character to rouse the sen-ibil-! the Pacific Ocean, it never rains'at all. slaves, ter wherein was likely to procure j retreaiiag 10 the swamp; he was how I "About four or live miles from the Sa one. All were engaeed: either bvsCVi.r, pursued bv the remainder n( th. bine, we crus a handsome mill stieam I he as- time ior he died in about thirty mi-'S.',ne Prett large hills, indeed are met a. 1 - . J luritri f t ri Kruuu f tfif 51 r 1 1 in tiio their owners,or loaned toperso-is whoi squad, tod finally taken prisoner; but Here is a good house and farm iiau jomeu tne trop. y he he suc ceeded in proc iri'ig the horse at last I know not, sullii e it to say, that on joining us, his. eyes sparkled with de light, and his very soul seemed over joyed. Just at the time of Wise's arrival, we were about preparing for our din ner, lie naa not Deen there more may do so justly. This man defend ed himself against some sixty or seven tty men, for some turn, and when fin ally he dropped his musket, uot bein able lo.iger to carry it from the loss of than fifteen minutes, when the trumpet sounded to horse!' "Saddle up for a march!"' resounded through the camp. Poor fellow ! Wise, although he had ridden so hard that day to overtake But during winter, the earth is covered with so thick a fog as to intercept the. the instruction and guardianship of i rays of the sun. This fog appears al ttiai admirable institution, give it a'most every day during winter witha new hold on the regards of the friendsldensify that obscure objects any dis- ;of humanity. It should operate, else-! tame. About ten or eleven o'clock i wiiere, as an incentive to that best ofl't begir s to raise, hut without being to- humaii in. pulses the ministration toj tally dispersed, though it is then no im the unfortunate thy relief of the dis- pediment to the sight, intercepting tressed in a w ord, the iki.u of ;ood. jonly the direct rays of the sun by day, Til.. rn:.-i .,tl,i,l...l i ;. ...-. 1... . V ..... i . ic passage alluded to, is -subjoin-! and the stars by night. Sometimes it . IJvlt. Pat. ! is so far dispersed, that The I Tk 1" . ... .a 'u. Ijvlt. 1'at. us so far dispersed, that the disc of the U'edtiesday.- A number of bcauti-;$uu becomes visible, put the heat from ful lithographic engravings were pre-'his rays is still prei luded. In the win sented to the House yesterday, as a j ter season these vapors dissolve into a testimony of gratiti.de, by a deaf and !vcry small mist or dew, w hich they dsiinb art-st, called Albert Newsam. jcali gamas, and thus every where He had been educated in the institu- moisten the earth. These garnas tion for the relief ol that unfortunate! ''ever fall in any quantities sufficient to class of citizens, supporter! bv the damage the roads or incommode the bounty ofthe State, in Philadelphia.! tarvellcr; but they render arid and .Mr. Attorney Leneral to-day moved i barren pai Is fertile. 1 hev convert that a committee be appointed to ex press the feeling ot the House on the the disagreeable dust of the streets of Lima into mud. Now, in that country, the wind al- subject, and in support of his motion gave a short history of Mr. Newsam.! ways blows from the south, that is ii iU.i I i if 1 I . : juo-uo.il he had parted with every drop 'pect of the country changes verv essen- " .c'"s " ;v"t:,' ou"8 ! " ? wa.u.e. .cg.o.,. ouu.c- olulood, furtherthan what was necessajl'y. The land assumes a more reddish had been stolen from his mother, aienj times it veers a point or twoto the east. ry tosustain hfe-and that but for a short ia PPearance amJ 13 mucn uwre rolling. "-""'"o :uwim- ",uu, o, ,---iu. uuuuiu-.uuui, lilcuuiLtiiii. niiruciui .kivV.1 llltttvlll; uiivj uuiirtilt . lieu nivi use of him to excite the charity of the on, the south wind is barely felt, and a humane for some time, his kidnaper scarcely preceptible air seems to come deserted him in Philadelphia. He I from the north, which forms the fog. nii.Ps ni'ipr t.nin,r .a u with. On the Drows ot these, ana in the .iinu iu wic ."liner- , , c , inn mmn 4ni ho.ni. c banks of the creeks we perceive some ican camp. And here 1 cannot refrain i i , i -.i from rl ,t c T , , - rock, deeply impregnated with iron ore. irom paying a tribute of reoect to this1 t.i i i . i l , i i m . ,c-F- m "i7he water is pure, and the timber is great hero, it 1 may so call him and I think i i- r i v- i ..i J " J V-- 55 - here. The prevailing grow th, in the up lands, is hickory and oak of various kinds. In the creek bottoms there are manv oth er species of timler common to the bot-j torn lands ot our mnJdle and western! was taken up and placed in the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, where he showed a strong inclination to the art of en- graving. Aotning was Known ot his The obvious reason why it ncvei rains in that country, is, that the wind con stantly blows from a colder to a hotter part of theworld. We see also the cause name and parentage till a few years ;Ot the fogs; they are occasioned by the ago, when Mr. John C. Wright of: mixture of the hot air from thenotth blood, he placed himself against a lare Sates, with some vines and Spanish niossj ,. ' ' tree, and attempted to defend himself! 'hngii.g to and dangling from the limbs ofj "Vs attent,on mriii. c;i. tpi.: ... !K i .ho i.ir. .m fho tirr.h, ;ition display (Ohio, happening to visit the Asylum; was attracted by the eme us, was amongst the first to obey the! with a stick. This delay in either! me trecs- In the bottoms the timber is played by the young man. with the colder air from the south. ANECDOTE OF COBBET, WHITTEZV EV IIlMSEEr. 5 of age, my employ- off Ikjx -edgings and wers in the garden of Winchester, at the Castlo native town. I had al- plain. Benedict is situated at the foot obstinately determined Ton the contrary F ' T.y V V . r h ' , , "eimeaiea, aoa lK?en fynd of beautiful KardenS, a.d e in t- L- i - r i -J ut "-oiurary,; e SPen that are quite different trorn those; then a particular ho'5-e in it. which i i i a - r ' of a hill, which 19 nearly a rrile from nor was it until (as before stated) het; ,'v ,.-.rt of the I'm ted S-m-s of the! vr iv rd"ltu,jr ! n wl,iCn a gardener who had just come from the the summit to the bottom, from which'had lost so much blood, as to render it-W? 1 Mr emember to .have seen Kins Gardens" at Kew, gave such a de- we had a good view of the town and I vain to offer further resistance, that it, M M i'Some Vme bfrf' c"Pf a .scription of them as mad, me instantly neighborhood. Upon our arrival at i he was taken prisoner; and aS I, it "uf" tl ZTZ d eaf and dumb son sto-,; resolve to work i a those gardens. Th. ilio summit .. : ji ii . c, , ---ji-uuif,iiiv.i-uuu "-len irom ner. i nis ieu to a ui-covery i nex morning wimout saying a uru w STPT 'Z? J i! TT?0fSe'nMme appearance as that just described. ofXewWa name and kindred. HeUny one. 1 off, with no doiffes except - -- -- - - -m ikiiili w I - s &. l.U IUI 1. 1 ir- M'l I 11 ltl i I -v mnnV art-k n nil r-rt I t r d T 11 na 1 r fill . r ! k j r r c; mrci v nil ii it 1 11 v aalmk. ' - ri c c -i i v J : 1 w it-! A urn in. l m la va ruiui.u j.v if i 1 mil ni-t au",mu"- inueuiune aream mat that j Kuimg or capturing him, was, of course.' ve,v iau UI1U u"e- upKuu n . , 7 , . . . -T, J At r-Vwn vp-r i,; it a.. . .i . . -r. . 3 , . ull-uul5';';;j ,o n,:.11,,i.,arl:ii, 0 I tention. the lad sketched ranidlv. but! at ccun e,.r. u..jf upon earin: in a owing euureiy to me lorbearance of V ..i" c 'Sl, f.ithfollv the o.itlir.Ps of -i hn81, ri.ent was Blij.pin? few minutes all were ready to move, the American troops, who loath to kill!,,raTe,nse ra ,"e fuLr rses j cattle ,sal , o fi.thfullv, the outlines of a house 'cV flo a-idwe immediately commenced our one who had fought so bravely, insis- IO . ' as , wu- . u . l, 'V 1" V-.r.Z " l" "5!the Bisho,, of march tor Benedict. Here 1 must ex-! ted on his surrendering, whilst he. a,Iw,m a "1. 1 iaxT. "j."" lii oie. ue" , . r,ot .iof Farnham, my mong whom I recollected (.'apt. Stoll'sj of beir.g taken to the camp, (the only j the road. The s elegant company of riflemen, from, mode of conveyance,) he made desper-l the Western and S settlers are mostly from; how ed nee acquired the art to which he! those on my back, and with thirteen tiiall" ;d such an ea.lv inclination, un-!pence in niv pocket. I found that I niust, ner-ithe itestern ana southern iwrisui me u-: i , , D;,i,,in nrw-t l armrd.rtcriv ucnf . j uerooeoi me mo i ceif o raieu i na icrs - i.ww, " - - - -. e j Oeorgetowu, and certainly I never be-ate enorts at resistance. As soon as nited States, and live and transact busi-' V , ,itlf, r. '-on from olace to place, inquirinrr n,v wav a hner looking set than they ! the fate ot Wise was discovered, (the "ess muh in the same manner that they j . . fthither A lone dav fit was in June) . . . i . . . i . . i. . . . .-ii . ii surn liiut iii.iv "itt: fin ihhii-i . - i mis juncture, wno should (squadron htiig within HO or 150 d, in those states, Acc. L.arge iieias oi : . . - r ) hrwjght me to Kichrmjnd in the afternoon. ... I ' ' ' ' - - ' " ' - " - , ... . I. . i l J J I ' f.t- . or ins held were. lideup but the well known old veter-j yards.) Captain T hornton immediatelv o -. Th:i: . . ii. I- , . - . ... ... mup oiu.ii i. iie oi course lormeu uis troop into nne, and lnquir immediately assumed the command.jed who would volunteer to bring Mr. At this moment it was discovered that Wise off the field. 1 immediately a small body of the British were en-te?t forward, followed bv Mr. Tnn- gaged in cutting down the green corn, witn meirswords,ina farce held at the foot of the hill, whil-t others were em ployed in carrying it to the bea-h; for the purpose, as we afterwards ascerJaaiaG. Thermon. brother efour way, Mr. Man leville, and Mr. Reu ben Withers. We proceeded to the spotwh-re the body lay, under the coestnand of our orderly Serjeant, Mr. Two penny worth of bread and cheese, a nrn nrocant thflnt!rc f i . fhf. V" 1 1 ' ".V -- y J I w hat may be deemed curious to a uorii.- " ! smom. "'mi fuuuc-, worth o! small beer, which 1 had em farmer, some of it is now in uW,! lions is an engraving ot Chiet Justiceou th'e roaJj and one half penny that I lost with cood roasting ears, while a part lsj Marshall, and it accurate resemblance Lomehew or other, left three pence iu mv but a fere inches high! They have so ht- be the test ot periection, it is unsur- pocket. With this for my whole fortune. passeu. i w as trudging through Richmond in my i blue smock frock and my red garters tied Seventeen thousand persons are said! under ray knees, when staricg about ray to have died in Constantinople duringye fell upon a little book in a booksel- the three weeks that the pla-jue raged ier- w indow, on the outside of w hi'ii,w a tie winter in this latitude, (31 1-2 de:r. north.) .hat they commence planting corn in the latter part of January, and tiui-h in July. In no part of America have 1 seen better corn than in this section of country. Some cotton and w heat is like- there. It has D9W subsided. ' written, "Tal'.- of a Tub f pries 3!