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RICHMOND, WAYNE COUNT, INDIANA, SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1833. WHOLE AO. 11& VOI- 3. NO. 14. . . w ! ton sec ued us the victor v and conse- ential point ot beautv with these savages': week the masters allowance of lood and) uiey wreateu tneir vcag PiMmM J7 , !Z' T auentlv our libertv is a flat head. Immediately after the clothing, to diminish in proportion as the the Jews of the cities on, MMm mm mmimnmwm -mm mm i - j- - I,- ,L , e .i i .1 : t c d.. -u: . 1 11 j 1 m Washinctoa -now great ourobligation men, ana i- . ' ' ,t: . . , -: - . , . v " i, ..u, i.i , ,i firr,,, tntprocure the recommendation 01 a oroaa .temper tie ana industrious Slaves would lUate butchery took claee. Coraev of Main TERMS. Two dollars per volume, if paid within the year, and twodollars and fifty cents, if payment he delayed until the vear expires. Advertisements in serted at the usual rates. show our gratitude by erecting to his . . n J . PiimnnuinT rnarhinp I 1113 IS a CraUie shall tell::, -7',T.VT L i i lormeu iikb n irougri, w uc cim , . v jtiie head reposes more elevated than the (other. A padding is then placed upon ! the forehead, which presses against the CROSSING THE DELAWARE The following eloquent description of j the crossing of the Delaware, by washing ton and his trovps, is from an oration de livered in New Yotk on the 22d Februa ry last, by Eli Moore, Esq. In no one instance, perhaps, was Washington's influence with the army so strikingly exemplified, as in his at tar L nn the enemT at Trenton. er and o'er have 1 listened with intense anxiety, in the days of my boyliood, 4ulst my now departed sire, who fought and bled on that prood field, recited wiln tnninng imercsi, n u related to the enterprise. It was on a December night (would he say) when our little heart-broken army halted on the bank of the Delaware. That night was dark cheerless tempes tuous and bore a strong resemblance to our country's fortunes! It seemed as if Jleftvenand Earth conspired for our destruction. The clouds lowered darkness and the storm came on apace. The snow and the hail de scended, beating with unmitigated vio lence upon the supperless, half-clad shivering soldier and in the roaring of the flood and the waitings of the storm, was heard, by fancy's ear, the kneel of our hopes and the dirge of liberty! I he impetuous river was filled with floating ice n attempt to cross it at that time, and under such circumstances, seemed a desperate en terprise yet it was undertaken, and thanks be to God and Washington, was successfully accomplished. From where we landed, on the Jersey shore, to Trenton was about nine miles, and on the whole line of march there was scarcely a word utterd, save by the officers when giving some order. We "wre well nigri exoausteJ, said he many of us frost bitten and the major ity of us so badly shod that the blood guhed from our f""zen and lacerated feet at every tn aJ yet we up braided not. comolaincd not aut ma ched steadily and firmly, though mournfully onward, resolved to per severe to the uttermost not for our Country our country, alas! we had given up for lost. Not for ourselves lite for us no longer wor- a ciitrm memory a monument, that to after ages, not only tlint Washing ton was great, but that ice zcere gr'ite- ful! Let it no longer be delayed. I o pause is to invite defeat toper severe, to insure success." FAREWELL TO HOME. Tho' far from all I holJ most dear, I go, new joj3, new friends to find, Yet oft thai! memory linger here, And dwell on all I've left behind. No change of place, or change of name, Can make taj heart one moment stray; Firm my regard will still remain, Tho' I am gone and far away. Farewell my parents! tho' I go From under your protecting care, Still let paternal love bestow A Father's wish, a Mother's prayer. And when your little flock with joy Assemble at the close of day, Oh! in that hour one thought'employ On that stray lamb that's far away. And thou, in whom maternal love Was with the tenderest friendship join'd, Who, when depressed, to cheer me strove, Andjoy'd the most when fate was kind, I hid farewell! may health and peace Burnish the evening of thy day, But when most blest, oh! never cease To love thy child that's far away. Scenes of my childhood! all farewell! A last, faint glimpse of you I've taken, Yet on your charms shall memory dwell, And dreams of other days awaken. Ye woods, where oft I've roved so cheerly. Will uot your echo wake in sorrow, When she who loves your shades so dearly, Shall bid you all adieu to-morrow? Yet tho' from all I hold most dear, 1 go, new joys, new friends to prove, This peaceful home, these frieuds sincere, My heart shall ever ever love.' RELIGION. The views of each indi vidual in society, on this subject, are the private property of each holder. Ttiej are the secret gems of each being, enclos ed in the casket ot each heart, into which the meddling world have no right toprj, and which should be the sacred secret be tween ma i and his God. It is not alone where the loud anthem of the pealing or van resounds not alone where the crowd' d congregation and ministerial prayer is prayed riot in the hum of the busy city or attentive village. The solitude and e- swrt the closet and the mi blight waking the seu and the mountain, die nlint houses of God to commune with Deny. I We wrestle not with tlie custom which builds the statel dome, and establishes the hebdomadal period as time and place for public worship. Neither do we con tend against the prayer of one for hun-ilri-il. Bit there is devotion bevond this head bv cords passing through holes on each side of the cradle. I he child is fcent in this manr.ei upwards of a year, and the operation is so gradual as to bet . .. - , . at length procure their liberty, while the idle and profligate, to whom liberty would be of no value, would remain Slaves. This is the most feasible plan of tnian cipation we have ever seen. Atlas. Stings of Bees and Wasis. The sting of a bee is generally more virulent than that of a wasp, and with some peo ple, attended w ith violent effects. The eance were tiie Rhine indiscnin- Uut the cultivated parts of Europe were soon IcU behind, aad the vast multitude commenced a march of six hundred miles through the wilds cf Hungary and llulgaiia. Reing cntircl) unprovided with finance which they had supposed would be fjr:;;!ed them bv superna tural ngci c v, they were reduced to the attended with scarcely an v pain. During sting of the bee is barbed at the end, sindjut liigldlul extremities cf wan this period of compression the infant pre- jconsequently always left in the wound; jwlmh even a plunder of the count ry sfrit a frightful appearancc,its little keen jthat of a wasp is pointed only, so that black eves bcinj; lrced out to an unnatu-:they can stins mure than once, which ral decree by 'be presstue of the banda ges. When released trom tins process. the head is fl rtt-neH, and seldom exceeds t.ee cannot do. mien any person is stuns by u I ec, let tin? ftir.s, in the tlrst place, be instatr.h pulled oat, for the hn-! two inches m thickness. The "human per it remains in the wound , the deeper it j ideas ot savage beautv. i uev a.lerre, as an arnjlorrv for this custom, that their 0 : r ri. ' slaves have round heads, and that the children of a brave and free race ouht ri-jt to suffer such a degradation. This deformity, however, of the Flat arm wmi m re ui ire noisi.ui: uie suiir r ,1 .. i , , . fl. t !.-im!, iti . .niuuicu. couja i:ot satislv. J he inhabitants, enraged at such treatment fell upon (heir rear and put thousands of them to the word. Famine and pestilence itlo did their work so that when the expedition reached the frontiers o titc Greek empire, not mnrotli.-m t,,,i ' - - - v inn vreeK emperor Alex I Hearing ot hollow, and tiie potion ti..nir.t o 1 1, rt c?i'n iincn rC ftio tiitt m nil inflammatioii. The pullfng out of the j Mc,r foj'dition, immediately despatcli sting should be done carefully and with cd uPphes to them and invited then, steudv hand; lor if anv nart'of it break; ll nis capitol. They joviuliv accrrit- redeemed by numerous 1 in, all re me ies then in a great tn-asurejld the invitation and the whole fun head Indians is good qu iiities. I hey hav tewer vices than an v of the tri'es in those region. They are honest, brave, and peaceable. The women become exemplary vives and mothers. They believe ia -he exiVence of a good and evil spirit, with rewards and punishments of a future state. J heir religion promises to the virtuous atler death, a climate where perpetual summer will shine over plains fnled with tneir much loved buffalo, and upon streams a bounding in the mst de'ici .us fish While the bad Indian will be consigned to a olace of eternal snows, with tire in his sight that he cannot enjoy, nnd hui!-.to and deer that cannot be caught to satisfy his hunger. A curious tradition prevails among them concerning beavers. These ani mals so celebrated for their sagacity, they believe are a tallen race el Indians con demned on account of their wi kedness,i hy the Great Spirit, to their present f rm. At some future period the also declare that these fallen creatures will be restor ed to their former stile." Warning to Lovers. Lovers should Le careful not to fall ah-ep . heu courting before a huge winter tire. Serious acci dants sometimes happen in consequence. The English papers contain the f ii-wiug account of an affair, which had nearl) proved tragical. "A few evenings ago a pair ot lovers at Grindarnoor were left together, the f.mnls having retired to rest, two or three hours afterwards, the father of the oung woman awo:.e, and smelling tire, went down stairs, where he found nis daughter and the young man sitting before the tiie will be ineffectual. When the sting is;aiid haggard multitude extracted suek the wounded pari, if po?-!Cottatjtiiioplc. i' narched into fnloflhei'rat- sible. and very little ii.il mmntion will itude they owed to their benefactor-- enusue. ii naru-norn crops are lmnic- the l, i u-.i tiers commenced uiutely alierw ards rahbed in this part Hie cure will be more complete. w uik of iHnge w hich would speedily have re- . . . ... , . , n tt vnt'iioi iu rum. ii in . . ,r not Alexius p. rs aaded the leaders to ,, r jCroiS tne tsopuorus into Asia Minor, TiiiCiU.'S.i)La.- jhirnscll' furnisuiiijrtiie meanioftrai Fcrhaps in the wnole range ol iiiatory portation. Once here, they considcr-M-ries ot events will not be louud ot ufc.j the work complete. and leav.rg part cxtr.iordmary a character as the Cru-W tljir number to bcsce Nice the ...uLTutuu. t.lfe.,tlJ iui; i ."- , main oouy pursued on the road to In. zealwitn vvhicn the warriors were in- i ru a!em. They were led into a snare. .-pirvd, or the incalculable numbers i The sultan Sohman w ith a larpe tiiose engaged m them. A iretizy which endured so long ai d extended so widely, and which in the end produced such extraordinrry and unforeseen re sults, would seem at tirr-t signt to be supernatural and entirely beyond hu man agency, did we not know to con trol the w hole energies of Europe lay in the power of one man. Tne vast machine of ecclesiastical a t mv of cavalry occupied the mountain pas ses. The Crusaders deceived by a report circulated by the Sultan's army that another portion of their body w ae iu advance of them, entered with-.ut caution throught the dclilcs upon the plain of N'ice. The evening had come w hen a long and loud blast answered bv tlimi:m St ivcntv thousand Turkish hnrmar. poured dow n upon them, and they were put almost unresistingly to tho svvoid. Several years afterwards an annv .riisiilri J ma ti !rusiiilr p.sod over this M:na plain on their way to the Holy Land but because such wjs the Kill of our, it is that of secret silent penitence for beloved Chit 'twas for Washington si that which calls not for words to ex alo.te, we were willing to make tlie press the thought which wends its waj to sacrifice. When we arneved within; heaven on noiseless wing which is at sisat of the enemy's encampments,' the throne of God as soon as conceived, we were ordered to form a line, when , when truth stands forth to present it in its I Washington reviewed us. Pale aiidlpuy.a a "ch altering trom a sou to ins em mated dispirited and exhausted-! eteal l,her- f w presented a m t nn warlike and j . The difference of creed touches not our melancholy aspect. The paternal eye w f rel'",? "Th y h'" i ?ahT If , i . i . I ... catechism, and charitv the handmaid ot. ofoUrchiefwaSq.iicktod.Scover the,humin an(J - rlire. Ut the extent of our suff ri-igi, and acknowl- wor(, gta(Jv truthbeljereil, thevcanay edge th-m with his tears; but suddenly e39aad praCsice more, and one religion checking his emotions, he reminded uofthc neirt wit he adopted. Wh-.t m th a our cou itry and all tnat we h Id neighbor believes is of no conseqtieuce t'. de tr was staked upon the coming bat-) mvself. Let everv one olev the dictates tl. s h pok' we riegan to gattier of his own conscience, and reugio. is cm- ourselvs up and rally our energies; trovers v would cease. With the cessa- apparentlv asleep, but enveloped in flames. II w tlie accident occurred is miMiown, but it is supposed that the par ties having neen overtaken by the drowsy iio-:, a spark tlew on the cotton gown of the female and set it on lire. Our infor mant iidds that the young man was much injured.''' icy t PiicJJ a larce nvr.il ..f bones, the only memento of this terri ble slaughter. iiutrioritv r . i. . - i - .... i, iiiili'tlS HLt L'iC I P t niinilr mnun . . . y. . ( ft - I4VIIIJ tnougu aimoai inuiiiie in us ariotiataII,St struck them with terror. raa.iiicaiioiis, yet was oneaieni to tin? power at Rome. In an age -elebrated iu the annals of the world for the dark ness of ignorance and superstition; wneu the gleanings of Science were Seldom sutteiedto ex'end beyoUnd the wiilUot tho jlosaaic i-vll, frantasv how ever wild or extravagant, found fol lowers iu anund.ince. 1 he mind of Gregory tirst conceiv ed the pi. tti ot rescuing the holy laud, it was iy a humble instrument how ever, tuat the plan ot conquest was put into operation. The council cf Cler mont liad no sooner been held, than every ranu trom peasant to 1 mice were seiz d w ith an ardor to engage m this holy war of extermination, and the most extensive preparations were made througiiout Europe. Those who devoted themselves to this service jr'AlLLUE CAR- every man grasped his arms more (irmly and the clenched hand and the compressed lip and the steadfast look and the knit brow told the soul's resolve. Washington observed us well; then did he exhort us with all the fervor of bis soul, "on yonder field to conquer, or die the death of the brave."' "At that instant the glorious sun, as if in prophetic token of our success, tion of this would t- rmin-ite one half of Pompeii Most interesting Discovery. Our report -d" the l..st meeting of the Rv- al S icietv of Literature notices a letter of great interest from Sir W. Gell, relative to recent and important discoveries at Pompeii. Col. Roti son, it seems is h .ring as the French do for Artesian well.-, tirst fed upon tlie spring resem bling the Seidlitz waters, which is is al ready much resorted to, and has perform ed m m cures. But a far more striking diocovcrv ensued no less than that of v . i. j , a . . me enmities oi rne age, Pe secuuo,. he , a poH 0f pompeiivilh striKC us oeiaiv rang into usowaucari. - , . u, " ,k:, 1 t,zy s cac is ut,iiiiiunii e -' t vnv osujsy and covered and preserved by the erup tive volcanic matter, which has thus an chored them for so many ages. About thirty masts have been found. What a mine of curiosity lies below, to gratify our fhirst for knowledge of these remote times! Earnestly do we hope that funas will be f und to carry on the work of ex ploring briskly and on a large scale, in stead of the tedious and imperfect process hitherto adopted bv the Neopoletan gov ernment. London Literary Gazette. From the .eicark Daily Advertiser. THE FLAT HEAD INDIANS. An adventurer, a white man, some time ago penetrated into the borders of the tribe of Indians living beyond the Roekv mountains, called "Fli' Heads;'" and being present at one of their religious ceremonies, told them they were in error: OF STEAM iu an article on Mo present condition and future projects of steam Car riages, a ioitigu Quarterly K view tiiussums up -Tne bunsittutioii of the power of steam for the strength of horses in pro ptlimgcarnagts, coaches, and wagons, uas now oeen tiie subject of general and sustained inter.f .. . were distingu.shed by a cross embla- tWf.my years; the expectations, evea zoned on the breast or shoulder. Each ot tlie les sanguine. ilav h,.,. ' , i nf niMiir;illi, :n..l .ii,.-:... i f r j , w auti luiervaUioineaP- & A. C k M I 1 1 I w . u.sv.uru. , nan ins spieuaor, oauiing that lhe wmte people awav toward the in liquid light the blue hills of Jersey, jrjsirig sun, had a book of directions pre The face? which but a few moments 'scribing the true method of worshipping e'orc were blanched witn despair,jthe Great Spirit, and then gave t hern a gl wed with martial tire and animation general Bioie story. They called a na- Emancipati n of Slaves. This is a Our chief with exultation hailed the' tion il council immediately, and regard-'sutject, at the present time, of great in scene; then casting his doubts to the! ing the worship of theGreat Spirit as their ! terest. Should the Slaves of the English Winds and calling on the Hiod of bat-: tirst ana most tmportini auiy, ueputeu ; est lnaia Isianas re sudaenly emanci tie" and his faithful soldiers, led on thelt:ur of their chiefs to proceed to see their charge. The co-jflict was tierce and bloody. For more than twentv min utes not a gun was fm-1 the sabr and the bayonet did the work of destruc tion; it was a hurricane of fire, and teel, and death. There did we stand, (would he say) there did we stand, foot to foot, and hilt to hilt, with the serried foe !and w here ve stood we died or conquered. Sue h was that terrific scene. .The result of that action, gentlemen. is iowi to you all a is -so its' bearings upon the fortunes of A.neriea. Had defeat attended our arms at this trying crisis, our cause was lost, forev er lost and freedom had found a graveo;ith phi rw of Trenton! But the wisti and prudence of Washing- great father, Gen. Clark, at St. Louis, to inquire int the truth ot this story, iscn. Clarke, our Indian agent at St. Louis, re ceived them kindly, confirmed the report, ind gave them a full history of the crea tion, and progress of man d ivvn to the ad vent of the Saviour, and explained to! them the . Christian Religion for a knowledge of which they had travelled 1 3.000 niles. We regret to say two of the number died at St Louis in consequence, a is supposed, of their change of diet The other two have set out for their na tive land. The story which we have thus abridged, is co imunicited bv letter to Grg P. Disway, Esq. of New York,! from wh se communication we take the f lowing account of the tribe: The singular custom of flattening the head arevails tmongall the Indian mtion west oi tne Kocfcv mountains. An es-' pated, on the plan sid to be in agitation m the British Cabinet, such an event would not take place without exercising a powerful influence over our own slave population. The most rational plan for the emanci pation of slaves, we have ever seen is one contained in the January No. of Black- wood's Magazine. It is a follows: The writer proposes, that as soon as a slave arrives at the age of 21, he should be ap praised, by some tribunal so constituted as to ensure fair play, at his actual value. Suppose the slave for instance, to be ap praised at "20. As soon as by his earn ing and savings (for slaves in all slave countries have some privileges of labor ing for themselves.) be bad accumulated 20. he should be at liberty to purchase therewith, his liberty on Mondavs. The next 207. should secure him his liberty on Tuesdays, and so on to the end cf te country adopted a color to distinguish it from others. Upwards of six mil lions," says an ancient writer "tioder took this adventure." The motives which actuated them were of dilft rent characters. A great proportion were doubtless moved by a frenzy, believ ing they did God service in embarking in such an enterprise. Other motives still more powerful were not wanting. The east at that time was supposed to be the land of wealth, and tens of thousands of the Crusades hoped to re turn not a little benefited in pecuniary matters. The privileges granted by the Crusaders were of no ordinary- character. They were exempt from the payment of interest on borrowed' . j ... . . r .u r J iu uau- oecn more inoiiey,anu,i lecisi F.iui uie ume uuccesalul. Uu the Liverpool and from the payment cf taxes. In short Manchester line they are onlyetained they were taken under the especially aD enormous sacrifice of money and protection of St. Peter. An atsolu-ot- the interests of the proprietors Thr lion was Glared from aU sin and 6team engines used on it are huge dis those who were killed in the service of proportioned, clumsy mae8 ot me the Cross were supposed to pass im-jchanisn;, better adapted in their size mediately to heaven These argu-and structUre to th staid and sober , , fe.. .paceoi an eiepnant, than to the rapid hich they are used: and gh by being urged to the utter ly equal duration, to tlie full assurance- ol peiiect couadeuce, by the reported aud . pparently entire success ot sornt lortunaie piojector in effecting the complete boluiion of the grand pro blem; expectations that have ouly deepened the total disappointment bv which they have been invariably suc ceeded. There is not, at this moment in this country or in any other, a sin gle instance of a regular land commu nication satisfactory sustained by tht agency of steam. On common roads w e have never seen any thing better than short lived and unproductive ex- rw.....wMM vru uu ruaus mey can were of sufficient weight with the most jUight for which they of those who embarked in the cru- UMugn by bein" urg saaes. Two months had hardly passed af ter the council of Clermont, when Pe ter found himself at the head ofOO,- 000 fanatics of all descriptions; arti- zans, merchants, peasants, wandering priests; together with not a few land less nobles and gentlemen. With his medley he commenced his march east ward. He was immediately followed by about 'JO, 000 Germans under the monk of GodescaJ, more commonly known as Walter the Moneyless. In the rear came an immense horde, upwards of 200,000 of the very vilest of humanity, men an women intermin gled, who mixed with their devotion, drunkenness, debauchery and crimes most, they have attained velocities ap proximating nearer to aerial flight than earthly trudge, yet, like a cart horse goaded to a gallop, they founder them elve.,and knock the road to pieces. From all that has yet been made pub lie, we are only warranted to deduce this one conclusion that every at tempt yet made to render steam car riages the means of economical and regular inland communication has to tally and absolutely failed." Among the articles imported by the ship Ajax, at New York from Liverpool, are 3320 bushels of wheat. Judge Holmes, who recently died at naoiame, was a member of the Connec- of the blackest die. The first on whom tic3t logiltaters more thaasixtv im.