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Richmond palladium. (Richmond, Wayne County, Ind.) 1831-1837, April 27, 1833, Image 1

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VOf- X NO.IG.
RICHMOND, WAYNE cdlJXTY, INDIANA, SATURDAY, APRIL ii7, 1833.
whole o. iao;
i.
J
PwMisaea every MlinUf
s Mate
VsMaiate sweets.
TESMS. Two dollars per volume, if
paid within the year, and two dollar and
fifty cents, if payment bedeiayea anui
fhe vear umm. Advertisements in
serted at the usual rates.
From the Anglo Germanic Advertiser.
NATIONAL CHARACTERS
The ENGLISH are a brave, blunt and
generous people; fond of literature, liber
al ia their contributions for a charitable
and religions mtrnose. and a hizh stand
in their character for religion, and tbeit
attainments in the arts and sciences.
They are cleanly in their habits, well
made, and notorious for their indulgence
in the pleasures of the table. They are
the best farmers in the world, ingenious
in contrivances, and are remnkable for
- their industry and adventurous spirit in
tMilMsa. -
The SCOTCH prefer the solid decen
cies of life to showy parade; and are re
tnarkable for intelligence which is prin
cipally to be attributed to the general
diffusion of education throughout the
country, by the establishment of libra
ries, and the wise appointment of parish
schools and city colleges. Vanity is said
to be their peculiar characteristic; but
tbexeal with which they pursue the dig
nified accomplishments of life, sink this
quality, raises them high in the esteem of
every nation in the world, and ensures
to them confidence and icspect.
The IKISil are a frank, communica
tive people, and arc both kind and vin
dictive in tne extreme. The higher
classes are well educated, but those of
the lOWtfr UiUCt r -rfantl,. -e.
norant. thoun as frequently very witty
and shre wd. They are brave and daring,
and iond ol their country, which nothing
but the severest oppression could compel
them to leave.
The FRENCH are lively, unreserved,
ana ioquacius; but versatile in their at
tavnmeots, md generally dirty and
twadry in their dress. The females take
a share in every kind of business, and
appear much ottener than men in shops
ana ware houses. The division of labor
is not attended to, aor of partnerships in
raueral trade which will ever keep them
-istkjrff "I Britain ia domestic comfort and
fiuuhed manufacture. They are remark
able for seminaries of education, and for
their literarv and scentific productions.
The ITiLlANS are remarkable for
their oolilnnrsi and knowledge of the fine
arts: but they are notorious tor their re-
liuuus bicotry and licentious manner of
living. They are also a vindictive peo
pl in their dispositions, and are itiditfer
ent about matrimonial engagements.
Tney are, nowever, sober and Moderate
in their eating, though dirty and disgust
ing in their habits.
le SWISS are an industrious, clean
ly, free, and ingenious ieople. Their
ze.i for liherl and education is univer
sally applauded, and has made them vir
and resuected. Their oraverv has
In..ir extolieJ: but the custom of
hiring themselves out to fight as mercen
aries, has blotted their fair fame, and can
not be reconciled with their character for
independence.
The SPANISH arc, in general, of a
4rrihv or olive complexion, with glossy
black hair and sparkling eyes; of an ele-
highiy advanced stage: transacting bu
siness on a large scale, satisfied with a
limited rate of profit, and avoiding, as
much as possible, long credits. The cur
rent notions of Dutch economy and annu
al saving are not literally correct; but
there is certainly lew desire for display
in this than in several other countries.
The GRRMANS arc reckoned orderly,;
steady, and persevering: but not enter
prising, formal in their manners ; and are
remarkable for their fair complexions,
tall stature, and tenacity of family pedigree.
Ine SWEDES are of a robust constitu
tion, and able to sustain the hardest la
bor. Their houses are generally ef wood
the roots ot which are covered with tu
There is scarcely any country in the
world where the women do so much work.
tor they till the ground, thrash the corn,
and row the boats. Amongst the more
respectable circles the sex is seldom
seen, being constantly employed in do
mestic attairs.
The NORWEGIANS are a spirited
and entenrizin? oeoDle: are frank, o-
cti a w ,
pen, and undaunted neither fawning
nor insolent behaving with respect to
superiors, and gentleness to their depen
dents. By what is called the Norwegi
an law, the peasantry are free, excepting
in some aristocratic estate in Frederick-
stadt: and the effect of this law is obvi
ous in the appearance of the peasantry ,
when compared with the enslaved vassals;
of Denmark; although they were both till
lately, under the rule of the same monar
chy.
The DANES have changed with their
government. Before it was made be red
itary, the gentry lived in great splendor;
now, they are much altered in this res
pect, and are stiil fulling from their high
. -- 'nmtmr "'"cs are extra.
vagant, poor, and dirty ; but tne superi
or rank differ little from the same class
esthroughout Europe. In their.persons
they are, in general, tall and robust
their features and complexions good
their hair yellow and flaxen Drunken
ness is a common vice in Denmark ; but
a lauaaDie zeal tor education exists a-
mong them.
rne Ana i niAi ot tne north, in
general, resemble the Germans in their
persons, habits and manners: and in the
South, the Italians. In point of litera
ture, upon the whole, they are great I v
behind the north of Germany; but Aus
tria Mill can boast of some names that
would do honor to any country, particu
larly in music such as H.iydn, Mozart,
&c. Besides ordinary schools, they have
a uumutw tyccuio j
together with the scientific and literary
institutions in their principal towns. In
their persons they are well made and
have goiid complexions, and their mode
of living is assimilating to that of England
and trance.
fbe PRUSSIANS in their persons and
dress, do not differ materially from the
inhabitants of the other parts of Genua-
fney iiave yaid considerable at
tention to education. TV . are a mar
tial and brave pe;le.
Tne RUSSIANS aie generally rooust
and hardy; auu tue females are well iot-k-
fing. Long oeards were unce mucii worn
by the men, but thai tasr.ion i gttiog
way. heep-skins, wuh the wool in
wards, and short jiccis and trowsers
form a great part ol the dress of the few
er classes of tne men; that of the women,
Potato Cwnsc la Ihuringia and
parts of Saxony, a kind of potato cheese
is made, which is vary psch sought after.
J he following is the recipe: select good
white potatoes, boil faem, and when cold,
peel and reduce them to a. pulp with
rasp ot mortar : to fire pounds of this pulp.
which must be very uniform and homoce-
nious, add a pint ot sour milk, and the re
quisite portion of salt, knead the whole
well, cover it, and let it remain three or
four days, according to the season ; then
knead it afresh and place the cheese in
small baskets, when they will part with
their superfluous moisture; dry them in
the shade, and place them ia layers ia
large pots or kegs, where they may re
main a fortnight. The older they are
the finer they become.
This cheese has the advantage of nev
er engendering worms, and being preser
ved fresh for many years, provided it
is kept in a dry place, and in weil closed
vessels
Ala. Hollow ay. I chanced to fird
the following lines, which 1 think quite
pretty, among a collection of fugitive poe
try, I have preserved from time to time.
Should you tbiuk as well of them as Ido,
vou will publish them. Makv.
THE BRIDE.
Ob! take ber, but be faithful still,
And may the .'Tidal vow
Be sacred held in after years,
And warmly u re allied as now.
Keniember't is no cuuuiiou tie
That binds her youthful heart;
T is one that only truth should weave,
And only death can part.
The joys of childhood's sappy hour,
The home of riper years,
The treasured scenes of early youth,
In sunshine and in tears:
been torn from mv head; sober sadness
nas chased the natural glow from ra
cheek, and light from my eye; and my
thoughts have been carried back to my
lost parent, and from her to the heaven
she inhabits. The festival and all its at
traction, has been forgotten, and 1 have
been"deiiered from temptation." Again:
when the spark line sine cun has almost
bathed my lips, has the last prayer of mv
mother seemed to mingle with its con-J
tents, and it has remained untested.
When my hand has rested iu that f the
dishonorable, and trembled at the touch
of him that says "in his heart there is no
tod, has that voice seemed to flow w ith
biar fascinating accents; I nave listened
o it ana neo, as if from a serpent ot my
native forest. Never have I received &ty
great good escaped from any threaten
ing evil, or been delivered from any temp
tation, but 1 have imputed it to the cfJect
ot my Mothers last prayer.
1 he purest hopes her ..usual Knew,
VV Leu her young heart was free,
All these and more 6he now resigns,
To brave the world with thee.
Her lot in life is fixed with thiae,
Its good and ill to share,
And weil 1 know 't will ue her pride,
I'o soothe each orrow there;
Then lane her, and may fleeting time
.Make only joy's increase,
And n.ay your days glide sweetly on
In happiness and peace.
Mind by whom you est married. We
are requested to give the above caution to
those who may be in a fair way to be
married shortly, from the fact that a cer-
taiu gentleman, lately arrived in this city,
has set up the business of preachiug and
marrying "on his own hook, to use a
borrowed expression. It appears that he
calls himself a Methodist parson, and by
virtue oi nai name performs the mar
riage ceremony ; but as ihe Methodists dis
own him. and n other sect wilt own him.
the validity of his acts as relates to mat
rimonial ties may be considered some
what doubtful. We hear that he ha been
quite successful in his agency of i .trodu
c.ng you tig folks to the hymenial mouse
trap; but if the above be true, those hap
py people might just as well have em
ployed our humule self, to tie the ' knot
indissoluble" for auhl of qualification.
ty lue way, vuue re ajiuoe o luia tul
ter, we take occasion to say , that if the
people don't choose to go to a regular par
son to get married, they had better give
the job to the priuter, as it is understood
to be in a general very profitable busi
ness. At any rate, printers would do it
as cheap, if not cheaper, than any other
trade or calling, and advertise the matter
into the burg mi free of charge. Pitts
burg American.
His roo a youth of thirteen, was per
mitted to stay .. ith his father in ptison,
who beholding his parent loaded with
irons and condemned to die, was over
whelmed , with crief-aod awrWw.
-Why," said he -my son will yoa thai
break your father's heart with unavail
ing sorrow ? Have 1 not often told
you tiiat we came into this world bat
to prepare for a better! For that life.
my dear boy, your father is prepared.
Instead of weeping, rejoice with me,
my son, that my troubles are so near
aii end. To-morrow I set out for in
oiorta.ity. You will accotrmanv me
to the place of execution, and when I
am dead take and burv me br the sid
of youi mother." The youth here
fell on his father's neck. Oh my fa
ther I will die with vou I Colonel
ilayne would have returned the strom?
embrace of his son, but alas! his hands
were confined with iron. Utp "
said he, "my son live to honor God fry
a good life live to serve your country
your uromer ami sister. '
The next momirg Colonel Ilayne
was conducted to the place of execu
tion. His son accompanied him.
Soon as they came in sight of the gal
Jows, his father strengthened himself
and raid Now my son thow yourself
a man! That tree is tlie boundary of
my life and my life's sorrows. Uet ,
yond that the wicked cease from trou
bling and the weary are at rest. Don't
lay too much to heart oar separation
from you, it will be short. It was but
lately your mother died. Tod:iy I
a if, and you, my eon, though but vounc
mut shortly follow us." Yes, my
COL. ISAAC AlAYAfiS.
After the city of Cn.irlt fiou had fal
len into the lindsol Lord Comwalhs,
his lordship issued a proclamation, re
quiring ot the iiiuabitauts of the col
ony , tiiat they should no longer take
part in the ooteat, but continue pea
ceably at their tio.. s aiid they should
be most sacredly protected in property
aid person. 1 his was accompanied
with au instrument of ncutralit),
which soon obtained the signatures oi
thousands of the citizens of SSouUi Car
olina, among whom was Coluuel
liayne, who now conceived that he
was cnti;!ed to peace and secuiily lor
his family and fortune. . ut il vas
not long betore Cornwaius put a utiv
construction on trie luslrument ol
neutrality denominating it a bond ol
allegiance to t .e Jving, and caiied up
on ail who signed it to take up arms
against the it kiiels! tiireatntngto treat
JHUtJ garb. Their hos are
are aimirea lor sow.. - - eiiera, , v of wood. Tne food of ine ow
er classes is very coarse.
fiance in aaversiiy. iue i
haughty , ana i-'luau and husbands is absolute
ing, nut true .o . huiher ranks, in all resoects. are assimi-
lanng 10 me nigner classes 01 people
The authority
fhe
temucrate in eating and drinking
want of cleanliness in their persons aud
habits is shameful and disgusting; aud
their blind subjection to the ecclesia-itical
power, together with their superstitions,
have bean for agea unworthy of their
character in othei respects.
The PORTUGUESE are indolent and
luxurious, and are lepresented as treach
erous, revengeful, and bigoted; but they
have displayed much true courage and
patriotism of late, in defence of their
country against the French. They are
temperate in eating and drinking; but a
want of cleanliness is complained of, both
in the capital and provincial towns, in
their persons they are elegant; have ex
pressive eyes, regular features, and olive
lexions. Education is much ne-j
,i-it and the arts and sciences of
course, are in a low ctate.
The DUIXH character has evidently
been fcrmed by their situation: little fa
vored by nature, tney lequired continued
exertions, not only for the means of sup
port, but to keep their country from being
swallowed up by the sea. Tney have
accordingly been long distinguished as a
laborious and persevering people not
devoid of enterprise, but ted much more
rarely than the English or Americans
into 'mercantile speculations of doubtful
success. They have been reproached for
a selfish, calculating character, but this
charge is much exaggerated. There are
a mou than thousands of families as un
connected with trade as the arisiocracy of
France or Enelaad: a id their mercantile
men are no strangers to the pleasure of!
society, morethaa the mercni-i
rim. The Dutch have lmz exhib
ited the effect ef commercial habits in
throughout Europe.
The modern GREEKS are considered
as a deceitful people, which may be attri
buted, in a great measure, to the rapa
cious government under which they live,
as they are not protected in their proper
ty, and are driven to the practice of du
plicity iu order to preserve what they
have obtained, or to increase their riches.
In many respects, however, the original
mind of ancient Greece is observable,
when it can be displayed without fear of!
the jealous oppression ot their supersti
tious and barbarous rulers. A particular
feature in their character is attachment
to their ancient amusement of dancing;
and their hospitality is very much noted,
particularly in the more retired districts
of the country.
The TURKS are in general tall and
handsome in tneir persons, and of an olive
complexion, they wear turbans of white
linen on their heads and allow their mou
staches to grow. 1 bey are devoted to the
Mahomedan religion, aud are abstemious
in their modeof living. The Grand Seig-
uor is absolute master ot the lives a d
property of the Turks, who are all born
his slaves. The Prime Minister of the
state is styled the Grand Vizier, who is
Lieutenant General of the empire, the
second is styled Caimacan, who is Gov
ernor of Constantinople. The Captain
Pacha is High Admiral of the fleet. JJe-
cierbes Husotfodera. etc. are the Govern
ors Geoeral of Province and Saagiaos,
l'he under Governors are called Beys.
Lips Very
pout with.
convenient to kiss or
TUG BUND MOTHER
I saw a mother! in her arms
tier infant child was sleeping;
The mother, while lue iufaat slept.
Me r guardian Watch was keeping.
Around its little tender form
And o'er its little lufant ead M
Her euuiug tresses nuug.
'leep sweetly on my uarliug babe,
My imu, my omy ciuid;"
And as she spuae lue luiaut wcke,
And on lis uioiuer sunl'd.
Bui oh! no I'oadly auweriag smile
he motuer's tisiuu graceU,
t or sue Mas olind, and could not see
1 tie lutaut sue euiuraced.
But now he iisp'd his mother's name,
An J buw lue uottier press'd
Her uarliug, luuch-iov'd baby bor,
L'nto her widow'd breast.
Hut sudden anguish seized her mind,
tier voice was sweetie
'.My God," she cried, 'but graul me sight,! as deserters those who refused!! llie
One hour! to see ny child! fraudulent proceeding in Lord Corn
wal.is roused the indignation of every
honorable and honest man. Colonel
liayne cow being compelled iu viola
tion of the most solemn compact to
take up arms, resolved that lue inva
ders of his native couutry should oc
the objects of his reveuge. He with
drew f rom the British aud was invest
ed with a command in the continental
service: but it was his hard fortune to
be captured by the enemy and carried
to Charleston. Lord liawdon, the
couitnaodant, in. mediately ordered
him to be loaded with irons, and after
a short mock trial, he was sentenced to
be huug! The sentence seised all
classes of people with terror and dis
may. A petition headed by the lirit-
jsh Governor Bald at.d signed by
number of Koyaiists, was presented in
his behalf, but was totally disregarded.
The ladies of Charleston, both wbtgs
and tones, united in a petition to Lord
Rawdon, couched in the most eloquent
and moving language, prajing that the
valuable life of Col. liayne might be
spared : :ut this was treated with ne
glect it was next proposed that Col.
Hayne's children (the mother had re
cently expired with small pox) should
in their rooj ruing habilliments be pre
sented to plead for the life of their
surviving parent. Being introduced
into his presence, they fell upon their
knees, with clasped hands and weep
ing eyes they lisped their father's name
and plead most earnestly for bis life.
Reader! what is your anticipation
do you imagine that Lord RawdcD
pitying their motherless condition,
tenderly embracing the children,
restored them to the fond em
brace of their father? No! the un
feeling man was still inexorable be
suffered those little ores plead in
rain!
t'atlier. ftnlud thf hnrdrar
jw.ii 1 srnnr snoniy loiiow you in
deed, I feel that J cannot lire long.' .
On seeing his father in the hands of
the executio er, and then struggling in
the halter he stood like orw transfixed
and motionl ess with horror. Till then
he had wept incessantly, but as soon
as lie saw th it sight the fountain of his
tears was stanched and he never wept
more. He died insane, and in hi3 last
moments often called on the name of
his fattier in terms that brought tears
from the hardest hearts.
To look upon its cherab iace,
And see lis father there;
But pardon if the wish be wrong,
A widow'd mother's prayer!'
And as she spoke, her anguish grew
More loud aud more wild;
And closer to her aching breast
She clasp'd her orphan child.
MY MOTHER'S LAST PRAYER.
"God protect thee, my little one," said
my mother, as I stood by her dying bed.
There was a treraour in her fainting voice,
which checked the joyou3 laugh which
trembled on my lip. 1, in childish joy ful
ness, shook the pale hand of my dying
parent from my head, and buried my
brow in the rich mass of bright bair which
floated over her pillow. Again her sweet
voice surhed forth: "Lead her not into'
temptation, but deliver her from evil."
1 raised my head from its beautiful rest
ing place, and youcg as 1 was, 1 felt the
influence of my mother's prayer. Her
lips still moved, anc her deep blue eyes
were bent on me as it they would have ,
left one of their btijbt, unearthly rays, as
a seal to her death aed covenant: but&ke
spoke not again. The last effort of na
ture bad uttered thit praver,and she lived
not to breathe anotter. I have every rea
son to believe that God, has, in a great
degree, caused that prayer to lie instru
mental iu gaining it.wn atiswer;forofiet
when tha heedlessness cf childhood and
youth would have led me into errors, has
the sweet voice, uow hu&bed forever, in
termingled itself with my thoughts, and.
like the rosy link of a fairy chain, drawn
me from my purpose. Oft, when tny
biow has been wreaibed with flowers for
the festival, wheu mr cheek "Has been
flushed, aud my eyes sparkled with anti
cipated pleasure, hays I caught the reflec
tion of that eyen the mirror, and thought
it resembled my mother's: then ber last
supplication to heaven has come back to
my memory, the clnstermg roses have
India slsber. Tins valuable pro
duct, first mad known by La Coti-,
damine in 1730, is the juice of several
species of trees growing in South A-
rncrica. I flows from the trees as.a.
milky fluid, which soon hardens upon
exposure to the air. Various attempts
have keen made to transport it to Eu
rope in its fluid state, without success.
Its application to the arts is various,
ibut until recently, fio advanfair fi:i
been taken of one of its most remarka
ble properties, its elasticity. Two
i igenious chemists of Paris, Messrs.
llaflcir aad (uibal, by an entirely
iew solvent and a very delicate pro
cess, have succeeded in spinning it in-
tj threads of various i izct. This is sub
sequently woven into suspenders, gar
ters, surgical bandages, for ruptures,
fractured or dislocated limbs, &.c.
TOOTHPICKS.
Seem to have come in n ith forks,
as younger brothers of the tah'o, and
seem to have been borrowed from the
nice manners of the stately Venetians.
This implement was nnatbemafised as
the fantastical ornament of the com
plete signer," the llhiianated English
man. One of the last actions cf
Charles the first, when preparing for
his execution, was to give away his gold
toothpick as a present or memorial to
some individual on the scaffold.
FORKS
Are an Italian invention, and , ia the
days of Queen Bess, were a perfect
novelty in England. At the close of
the sixteenth century, our ancestors,
in eating, made free ase of their fin
gers, as the Turkish noWeses at pres
ent do. They werr, indeed, most
indelicate at their tables, scattering
on the table-cloth all their bones and
parings. To purify themselves from
the filthy condition of their tables, the
servant bore a Ion; wooden "voiding
knife," by which he scraped the frag
ments from the table into a basket, cal
led "a voider." Beaumont and
Fletcher describe flic thing '
They sweep the table with a wooden
dagger."
In Germany, the use of forks was lon
ridiculed, and some uncleanly Eiul
actually preached against the unnatur
al custom, "as an insult on Jfrovidencc
not to touch ou meat with ourfingers."
The use of the fork was ridiculed as
a strange affectation for a long tine in
England; and it doe not appear to
have been much used before the restoration.
The best of riches is contentment;
the worst of poverty is low spirit. , ;

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