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TO THE PUBLICSCHOLERA.
Meabs or Prkvb no. The best "method ol preventing tbc cholera may be learned by attending to the causes which in all countries have appeared to nroduee the disease. These causes uid which are of course to be avoided, are impure air, low houses and cities, nor.r dirt-intemperance, fear. dec die. Most countries and cities have pub lished directions which have emanated from medical menrespecting the pre vention xf the disease. Such direc tions have undoubtedly been of great service. The following were poblish- ed at Paris, by the Central Commission of Health. Course to be pursued to prevent the Cholera. "lit. The little danger there is of being attacked by the chol era, should keep up the spirits. We should, therefore, not disturb our selves, nor should we think of the dis order, but to adopt the precautions ne cessary to guard against it. The less fear, the less hazard. But as tran quility of mind is a great preservative, we must nvoid every thing which ex eitesstroug emotions, auger, fear, great exhilaration dec. 2d. It has been observed, that the purer the air, the less is the liability to cholera. Too much attention therefore, can not be paid to the salubriousness of our dwellings. Care must be taken that many do not occupy, much more 6leep in , the same apartment, that the pre mises be ventilated in the rooming, and in the course of the day, by opening the windows and doors as often, and keeping them open as long as possible It is proper also to place in dwelling "houses, large earthen vases, contain ing chlorured water, (made by pouring - upon one ounce of chloride of lime, -one quart of water.) The purification of the air may be also produced by a clear and bright fire kept in the fire place for a short time. ' Care mast be taken that the doors and windows are not opened until af ter one is entirely dressed, so a not to . be exposed to chills. It will be best to pss into another apartment during this operation. There should be no curtains about ' the beds nor should any utensils be - fullered to remain dirty, but be clean sed as toon as used, and always contain 'a little water. The humid air of dwellings, unhealthv at all times be -comes very dangerous when the chol era prevails, no clothes therefore should be dned in the sitting rooms, ' ana especially notintne oea-cnamoera. "Not only must the bed rooms be aired, bot the utmost salubrity must be per served in nouses and out-houses, it is : also important to cleanse privies with "the greatest care, to purify them once a Joy with chlorured water, or water only. All their conduits snould be closed except when in use. Kvery one should take care that house slops arc emptied as soon as produced, that they do not remain be tween the pavements of the courts and allies, and that they pass off rapidly by the conduits and gutters which carry them to the streets. It is neces sary indeed to keep up this flowing by copious washings if the descents are not sufficiently rapid. The window panes should be wash ed at least once a week, lor the action of light is useful to health. Every species of garbage both animal and vegetable requires great attention, their accumulation should therefore be prevented by the earliest possible re moval of them. Useless domestic animals should be expelled.- Swine, rabbits, and pigeons, &r. should not be kept in confined i - ----- ... 1 where there is little air. The inhabi tants of houses, particularly in the po- pulous quarters, should in this respect watch mutually; they should besides I'irii w ui w w w mi? w w mm mm h .fui i . comnDuie eacn ore nis pari, toward the cleanliness of the streets especially where they arc narrow. It is the in terest of all. 3d. Chills are thought, by those physicians who have observed the chol era, to he among the causes most fa vorable to the devclopement of the disease. Care should therefore be ta ken to dress warmly, and to gaurd the - a b bo men, and keep the feet from the action of cold. For this purpose it - will be well to wear a woollen girdle,' woollen or flannel under vests next the - skin, and to use woollen socks, to be . i i i I .1 i i Milieu or auru wiicuuic uccome moist or dirty. The lct should be of ten washed in warm water. Overshoes should be worn when necessity obliges one to remain where it is damp or cold ; in a word, people should so warm themselves that the feet should be pro tected from cold and moisture. Many persons particularly of the lower classes, have the very bad prac tice of standing with their naked feet upon the cold ground when they go to bed and more so when they rise, and even walk upon it. This custom can not be too much censured, as it be-: comes particularly dangerous daring the prevalence of the cholera : ri :. : shoald ptescnt people from sleeping with their sashes raised. There flhoull be a model ate temperature within doors ; for roo3 that are kept too warm, render their occupants, more susceptible to the cold to which they are exposed on going out. For the same reason it is proper to keep early hours and not pass part of the night in promenading, going to meetings, to the coffee houses, taverns, tec. above all when the nights are very cold and damp. 4th. Mention has already been made of the usefulness of woollen girdle and socks; but these vestments snould always be kept clean. lueanliness is always ntcessam to health. They who have ttf means of taking occasional tepid baths, will do well to use them, but must remain in them no longer than may be necessary to clean their persons; care should be taken to wipe with warm linen, and to avoid imme diate exposure to external air on leav ing the hath. This precaution is spe cially useful when the season is cold. 5th. Dry frictions are beneficial, They are easy to be administered by rubbing or having rubbed, in the even ing, or better morning and evening, the body, arms, thighs, and legs, for a nuarter of an hour, with a solt brush or a piece of woollen cloth. In reference to dress, the season will best determine its character, but in no case should people dress too slightly. Cth. When llSt cholera prevails, the mode of living is a matter of great im portance. Sobriety cannot be too strongly recommended. Very many cases are known in which the cholera followed the excesses of the table, and it is proved that the intemperate are par ticularly exoosed to this inaladu. Well cooked provisions, roasted and not too fat. fresh fish, eggs for those who have good digestion, and light and well baked bread, should form the chief nutriment. Among vegetables, the least aqueous and lightest should b preferred. We do not think of excluding from these last, potatoes of good quality. We even approve of dry haricots, lentils. pes and beans natn. Crudities, such as salads, radishes, dec. are injurious. salted provisions and salt hsh snould be avoided, and swine flesh used as litt le as possi ble. Heavy and rich pas try are altogether prohibited. In the season of fruits, it is necessa ry to be very cautious in their use above all, when they are not perfectly ripe, for they may prove very danger ous. Cooked fruits are less excep tionable, but they should never be eiten in gre.U quantities; and still less should they form the chief part of the meal, there is some food, healthy in genera!, but which, by a peculiar state of the stomach, is of difficult digestion wtn some, livery one, in this respect should consult his stomach. Beverages do not require less cir cumspection in their use. Very cold uTiiiK, rasen wnen one is warm, is dangerou. There is no necessity for quenching thirst, except when perspir ition ceases; that is, no necessity for cold driak when one is in a sweat. The consequences of tiiis abuse are fatal, in proportion to the coldness of thedrink. Ihcwater shoul d be clear ; filtered water is preferable to all oth er. It should be whetted with a very little vinegar or brandy when we wish to drink it pure, (two spoonfuls of bran dy, or one of vinegar to a pint of water) especially it the season is warm, and one is obliged to do corporeal labor, which, by exciting perspiration, pro-fS. voices tnirsr, ana maices it necessary to drink often. Reddened water, that is, water to which a little good wine is added, is also beneficial. In snort, water slightly aromatic may be suc cessfully used, that is, having a stimu lant intusion ol peppermint, or como- mile (a pinch of mint, or six heads of camomile to a half pint of boiling wa ter, to which add, after cooling, halt a pint ol cold water.) Nothing is more pernicious than the abuse of strong liquors. It has been proved by a great number of cases. that the cholera attacks the intemper ate, and even those who without mak ing an habitual use of strong drinks. commit occasionally by enticement, a single excess of this kind. The use of ardent spirits, taken a- lone and before breakfast, a habit so common among lower class of work people, and so hurtful at all times, be comes particularly fatal when cholera prevails. Persons who have this habit should eat something, at least a piece of bread, before swallowing the brandy. v rate wine should not be taken be fore breakfast, without the same pre caution ; and then on the smallest quan tities. During the prevalence of the chol era, bitter brandy, that is, brandy into which bitter and aromatic plants are infused, or rather Absynth brandy is preferable to common brandy. Wine taken in moderate quantity, is a pro- per beverage during and at the end of t a meal; hut it should be of good quali ty. It is better to drink naif the quanti ty and have the quality superior. New and sharp wines are more hurtful than beneficial. Red wine it prefera ble to white. . They who have the means of mixing it with gaseous water even as oeltzer water, natural or ma ufactured, mil do well to supply the selves with this salubrious and agreea ble dnnK. Beer cider, especially when new,1 when not well fermented, or when sour, dispose to cbolic and diarrhoosa, and thus become very dangerous. What has been said, appl:ts with ger force to sweet or new. wine. Hinged) Judos, Fabisxt, LSQCIBOL, C REVALUES, Lxaocx, Lsoband, Bakob Desgebbtts. Cincinnati, O. July 21, 1833. Sin. Accompanying this, you will receive a statement of some of the prominent, though not all the exercises which will be brought forward d urine the sitting of the College of Profession al Teachers, at their annual meeting, which wiir be held in this city on the second Monday of September next, with a list of the names of gentlemen who will take part in the performances on the occasion. You are doubtless aware, that the object of this institution is, by unity and concert of action, to elevate the character of teachers; to improve the methods and the means of instruction; and, in short, to place the science and the business of teaching upon that high ground which seems to be requir ed by the increasing wants and extend ed lights of the age. Your co-operation in this all-important work is earnestly desired, either by favoring us with your presence, orj by communicating to us your written views in aid of our deliberations; and also, by exercising, zealously, what ever influence you may possess in your immediate neighborhood, in enlighten ing and directing public judgment, a wakening public attention to this sub ject, and diffusing information of the aim and results of our labors, as they may, from time to time, be communica ted to you. Taobas J. Matthews, Albebt Picket, Milo G. Williams, Local Executive Committee. iisv. L. Beccheb, Cincinnati, Ohio, "The importance of making the Business of teaching a Profession." Rev. B. C. Peers, Lexington. Kv. Common School Systems, or Legisla tive etiorts tor the diffusion ot Educa tion." if. Butlek, Esq. Louisville, Ky.Tbe Cultivation of Morals, in connexion with the Literary training of the Mind." T. II. Quibab , Louisville, Ky. "Emu lation as a motive in Education. Professor M'Gcpfy, Oxford O. Tbe influence of a regular study of the Bible on intellectual and moral im provement." T. J. Matthews, Esq. Cincinnati, O. 1 he course of instruction in Col leges and Universities which is best adapted to the present wants of so ciety. Alex. Kibbont, Esq. do. The study ol character, as connected with Ld u cation." T. Walks, Esq. do. "The objects of Education in the United States." C. BaAomKD, Esq. do. The kind of! .Education which is pecuhary adap ted to the Western States." Dr. D. Drake, do. MPhvsical Educa lion 77 , P. Chase, Esq. do. The expedien cy of making the Laws and Political Institutions of our country, a branch of study in our common schools." Rev. Timothy Aloe, do. The im portance of giving greater attention than is usually done to the Hebrew and its sister dialects, in our Litera ry Institutions." Professor M. A. II. Nils-, South Han over, la. "The Government oflnsti tutions of Learning." Rev. E. Slack. Oxford. O. MOn the ultility of studying Natural Philoso phy and Chemistry, and their more ceneral introdnction into nlaces of education." M. G. Wiliiaxs. Esq. Davton, O. On the Manual labor System. A. Picket. Esq. Cincinnati. 0.Od the association of ideas, as connect ed with the improvement of the youthful mindin the progress of edu cation." Other gentlemen are expected to take part in the exercises, but as the subjects upon which they may lecture have not been communicated to the Committee, they could not be announ- ccJ in this notice. It is stated in agricultural periodi cals, that stacking grain around a green pole of Sassafras, will effectual ly prevent any injury from the WeaviL The experiment has been tried in numerous instances, and m all fee result has been satisfactory. Babe or Exoluursw On the 31st Mar. Lord Altars?, ia a Committee on the Bank Charter Act, proposed a series of resolutions, embodying the ar rangement with the Bank, and the re galation of Banking Companies, which he prefaced by a speech of considera ble length. The resolutions were or dered to be printed, but no vote was taken upon them. The leading fea tures of the arrangement are, that the charter shall be renewed for 21 years, an option heme reserved to t-overn- mcnt to put an end to it after the ex piratioD of 10 year's notice that no stron-'ng company of more than six 9 . - partners shall issue notes in the metro polis or within 65 miles of it, but banks of more than six partners at a greater distance may draw bills on London to any amount, and issue notes payable in London -that the Back of England notes shall be a legal tender for debts above the value of 51. and the notes of the Bank shall not be payable in gold except at the Bank of England and its branches that bills having not more than three months to run, shall not be subjected to the Usury Laws that a weekly account similar to that laid before the Committee, stating that the amount of bullion in the Bank, and the notes in circulation, shall be furnished weekly to the Government, which is to be considered confidential: but the average of these accounts, at the end of the quarter, shall be pub lished in the succeeding quarter in the GaCette ; and that a bill shall be intro duced into Parliament to regulate Country Banks, and to encourage Joint Stock Banking Companies in the country to issue Bank of England note. A fourth part of the sum lent by the Bank to Government is to be paid off, and the charge for the manage ment of the the public debt to be re duced from 2J54J00. to 120,000. Winding up the U. States Bank. The appointment of an agent by the Secretary of theTreasury, under the direction of the President, is the first step government has taken in the im portant measure of a final liquidation of the national debt, and of closing the afiairsof the United States Bank. A mos Kendall, Esq. who is appointed to that impcrtant trust, will leave Wash ington to-day for tiauimore,ar.d remain there probably a few days to collect the information from the State Banks necessary for the future action of the government. He will probably reach this city about the middle of the week and proceed afterwards to New York and Boston for the like purposes. The question of removing the de- posites is now merged in the infinitely more important measure of liquidating the national debt, and winding up, as speedily as possible, the United Sta tes Bank, an institution created to af ford aid in that great purpose. It will be necessary in order to guard the public from the effects of a sudden change in paper circulation, to provide for a gradual acd safe change. The government cannot act upon any other theory, than that the charter will cease according to its legal limitation ; mean while revenue will be accruing, and it will become a duty to provide other and effective means, so that the repub lic may suffer no detriment. The de posites now in bank may, or may not, be drawn forthwith. It is probable that the course may be to draw them, out, by drafts for the public service, as the current occasion demand, and thus serve the public without affecting the stockholders. Meanwhile, for the ac cruding revenue, it will be necessary to provide and substitute means for its? reception, security and use. For this purpose, a qualifiedagent is employed to obtain such information as may en able the administration to fulfil its du ties. Let the state banks now prepare their best oGe rs. Penntylvanian. London is said to be one of tbe healthiest places in the world. It has been stated, and we believe correctly, that the happy exemption which the inhabitants of that city for the most part enjoy from the diseases common to other capitals, is owing to the sul- phureous naptha emitted from the coal, serving the salutary purpose of! checking the progress of the febrile infection. To prove that the air is saturated with this naptha, you cannot dm a wasp, an insect to which sulphur is obnoxious, within a sphere of its ac tion. Mans&ctBring establishment are a bout to be introduced into all the Southern States. The last Salisbury (N. C) papers says We are pleased at the feelings which is about to take bold of this State in relation to manu factories. A steam engine has just been made in Pittsburgh for a cotton manufactory which is a boat to he put in operation in Greens borough- We are anxious to see it succeed togeth er with many others, not only ofirs kind, but also ot divers other branches of loom industry and enterprise." Health is better than money. Put Samoa or Choukua. Dr. Jennison, of Cambridge, has published in the Boston Courier, a communica tion, with directions for preventing the Cholera. His prescription is' rigid fasting for 43 or GO hours, when per sons areafXcted with bowel complaints which generally precede cholera. Pure water, or tea or cofiee may be taken freely. He sap in sis or seven cases out of eight, the disorder will yield to this remedy. In cases where it does not, after two or three days, medical aid should be called. The doctor states that he was assaredJbX the late Dr. Marshal Spring, that be bad never, till seventy years or e, been aQicted by any malady wi did not overcome by obstioence. Esuoratriq IaniAirs. On Toes-' day last, between three and four hun dred of the Pottawamie Indians passed down the Grand Prairie, five miles west of Lafayett, on their journey to their allotted territory west of the Mis sissippi, we learn they were accom panied by CoL Pepper, the removing agent, and Lieutenant Montaocry, of the army, as assistant. They, are in good health and removing conditipo. IFabash JtSercury. S I The Trentm Emporium, speaking oi toe trial then pending between the socie ties of Friends, nyi : MTbe large num ber of respectable looking strangers in town, give a new and pleasant aspect to our streets, and our commodious public houses are no doubt reaping goldea har vests from quiet and temperate guests. r It is a novel sight to go into the court room and witness its benches crowded with men habited ia the plain garb and outward simplicity of Fob and Penn or if you look up to the gallery, you see the quakeress, whether grave matron or coy maid, the first nearly two hundred years behind the march of fashion and frivolity, in her straight bonnet, cap and handker chief; while the daughter has taken mid dle ground,thinking it no barm to look be witching in a neat cottage, or modern bebee. JVapping Hats By Steam. The in-, ventioti of man appears to have no bounds since Fulton discovered tbc utility, and applied to the purposes of navigation the power of steam, the iOK provements that have been made in the arts and sciences are almost inrred' ible. We stepped into a hat manufaC tory a few days since, and were sue prised and gratified tosee in successful and admirable operation a new patent machine for napping hats, carried on by steam. The be auty and su penority of the work is admitted by all who ex- -amine it. On enquiring wherefore of others, we were informed that it required extremely hot water to bring the article to perfection, and that this is accomplished much better through the agency of steam than in any other manner, it having been ascertained that steam applied in this way is five times as I tot as boiling water. Phila delphia Inquirer. The people of Michigan, it woubi seem, are extremely hostile to Gen. Black llawkand his companies. The Of&ccr having them in charge, on his arrival at Detroit, deemed it expedient . a a i procure a noay guard, to protect them in the progress of their journey westward, ins excellency the Gen eral in Chief was burntin efS?v at Oetroit. That those people who have themselves been sofierets in the late conflict with the Indians, or those whose friends have suffered, should feel some what sensitive on the appear-, ance of Black Hawk and the Prophet among them is not very strange; yet, we think it was at least imprudent and impolitic thus to manifest their disposition on the occasion. Damages to the amount of five bun-, dred and thirty dollars was recently obtained in a trial brought before the Supreme Court of Maine, from a Post master in that state for the alleged de tention of a letter by one of his clerks. It was held by the Court, that if a let ter arriving at any office for an indivi dual, is withheld from him when lie applies tor it, be may maintain an ac tion on the case against the Postmaster for the damage- sustained in conse quence of such omission. The Legislature of Rhode have passed a law that in future, all executions shall take place in thepri son yard, in presence of the Shertfasjd Deputy Sheriff; and such persons only as the Sheriff shall permit to attend. We learn from the Lowell that the inhabitants of that town have put their veto upon the Theatre Tsy vote of 473 to SS Uajonty 117 The question was w&etbsr the town would instruct the - to (rant a license to the manscer, the select men having previously refused to give it. Seventeen churches have been built within three yearat Pittsburgh; there are now twenty-seven in that city.