Newspaper Page Text
Vol. 7 -No. 15.
EMPORIA, KANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 5, 1864. Whole No. 327. FCBUSHKD XVERT SATURDAY MOXXIXO, Emporia, Lyon County, Kansas, BY JACOB STOTIiEB, Editor axd Peoprietor. At OJJicc Nne$ Buildina, corner of Commercial ttreet and Sixth awnue. Tirim Two dollars per annum, in advance, CI iibs of ten, $17. Clubs of twenty, $30 A.11 papers discontinued at tho expiration of the ime for which they are subscribed. ; BLACK SMI THING. MADDOCK & THOMAS HAVE opened a new Blacksmith Shop or. SIXTH AVENUE, in the west part of town, and are prepared to carry on the business ia all Up various branches. Emporia. November 23 .1SC1. 215 F. G. HUNT, .A. ttorney at Law, emporia, icAisr.s. 01OUUU 8c UUHOIS, SURGEON DENTISTS, Delaware kt., bet. 3d Sc 4 th, LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS. All operations in the line cf our profession performed in a scientific and Fati-f.icoi y manner. Refer to Gov. Carney, lion. A. C Wilder. Hon. J.H. Lane, Rev. J. D. Liggett. 283-3:M JOHN HAMMOND, Carpenter and Joiner, EiirORIA, KANSAS. flOrFINS, Tannel Door-, Window and Door frames, and other job Work, done in the best tyle.on the shortest nonce. mav'-tf BK&a ELMORE. JOHN MAUTIN. ELJIORE & MAIITIX, Attorneys and Counselors at Law, TOPEKA, Shawnee Cgcntt, Kansas. WILL PRACTICE in the Snprem Court of he State ; also in the U. S. District Court, and the Courts of the Third and Fifth .Tu dicinl Districts. 257-30 TO0S. CARXKT. THOS. C. STEVEN -. THOS. CARNEY & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS, Provision & Commission MERCHANTS, Corner Cherokee St. and Levef, 241-C6 LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS. THOMPSON, EAME3 & CROW, Importers and Dealers in CIIIXA, GLASS, QUEENS, BMTAM.U PLATED WARES, TABLE CUTLERY, Trays, Looking-Qlasses, Coal Oil Lamps, &c, &c, &c. 65 DELAWARE STREET, Leavenworth, Kansas. nov7 63-ly E. BORTON, Clerk of Lyon (late Breckinridge) Coanty, EMPORIA, KANSAS, Will attend to paying taxes, redeeming lands and town lota si.ld for taxe. Post office address. F.MPORIA, KANSAS. ICT Office No 189 Commercial et., one door North of Post office, up stairs. 218tf ALLEN WHITE, M. D. 3?h.ysician and Surgeon, OFFERS his professional services to the peo ple of Emporia and vicinity. Office and residence on Commercial street, Emporia, in 15an- eroft's building. 30G INSURANCE AGENCY. fUE undersigned is prepared to efloct Itf JL SURANC1S in the PH(ENIX INSURANCE COMPANY, ef Hartford, Conn., at the very best rates. J. R. SWALLOW, gent. . Emporia. Jan. 24. 1S63. 271 J WATSON. J. D." GILCHRIST, Notary I'uUic. "WATSON & GILCHRIST, ATTORNEYS AT L AW , Emporia, Lyou County, Knnas. COLLECTIONS made, and Taxes paid, in any p:trt of Southern Kansas. Office over Parley's store. 134 J. 11. SWALLOW, NOTARY PUBLIC, EMPORIA, KANSAS. 7"EEriNG on hand Blanks, and at all times A v. rrovi.iea wiui uevenue cramps, is nrenareo to attend to Conveyancing and makinz out LeCal Tnpers. 27tf E. li. SANFOKD, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR, ELM CRKEK FARM, NlAB. ALLEX, LTOX COUNTT, KA5SA9. "Will practice in this Jndicial District f23R-y EMPORIA HOUSE. . S. STORRS, Proprietor f FMIE traveling public can be well cared for at JL this House, on the most reasonable terms. Good Subline: connected -with the House. 14 Harness, Saddlery, AND CARRIAGE TRIMMING ESTABLISHMENT. Commercial Strert, (east tide) EMPORIA. HV. BUNDREM, a practical workman in the above "branches of indnstrv " woubl refpectfully announce that he has opened a shop, and will manufacture to order and keep oh hand Harness, Saddles, Bridles, Whips, and all other articles in his Use, at satisfactory prices. IT Particular attention paid to Rpairip. 2S THE LATE STEPHEN C. FOSTER. Mr. Charle3 McKnight, editor of the Pitts burg Chronicle, makes the following remin iscences of the popular melodist; "This afternoon the mortal remains of Stephen C. Foster were carried to their last abode. As the incidents connected with one who has added so much to the musical fame of our country are of interest to all at home, as well as abroad, we propose to give a brief biographical sketch of our townsman to tell who he wasand what he did. Ste phen C. Foster jvas born on the 4th day of July, 1826, the same day oq which Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died. His fath er, Wm. B. Foster, S:, wa3 a native of Virginia, who settled in Pittsburg in the year 1796. In 1814 he laid out his farm (including the ground on which the United States Arsenal now stands, two and a half miles from Pittsburgh) into a town, intend ing to call it Fosterville. Soon afterwards, however, the gallant Captain Lawrence was killed, fighting with his ship, the "Chesa peake," and Mr. Foster patriotically chang ed the name of his town to Lawrenceville, adopting as the motto on the corporation seal the dying word of Lawrence, "Don't give up the ship." Stephen, at a very early age, manifested musical talents of an unusual order. At the age of seven years a flageolet was plac ed in his hands, and within a wondeifully short time he had, uuaided. mastered its stops and sounds, so as to play, with effect, several familiar airs of the day. He never, however, aspired to greatness as a perform er, either vocal or instrumental, though the taste and sweetness with which he brought forth the most touching tones of the piano aud flute could fix his audience with wrapt attention. And when he saaig his own songs (accompanying himself on t he piano or guitar), there was a plaintive sadness in his voice, and a magic in his touch that brought tears to listener's eyes. Not th6 most ac complished public singers could ever equal the effect with wich he himself sang his own popular strains. It was in a higher sphere than that of a performer of music that Mr. Foster sought and won fame. He zealously aimed to mas ter music as a science, and earnestly devo ted himself for years to the study of harmo nies. The works of Mozart, Beethoven and Weber were his chief delight and fre quent theme of conversation. His melo dies were the spontaneous and original em anations of his own peculiar musical taste, but, at an early age he had so cultivated that taste in the true science of harmony, that those melodies came forth refined as gold, and when he reduced them to printed notes, and launched them ou the world, he knew that they would be successful and would strike a popular chord. His talent for writing the poetry, as well as the music of his songs (a combination rarely met with), gave him an advantage in setting the notes of music to words of corresponding euphony and 1¢. Thi3 advantage can only be realized by one who has experienc ed the great difficulty which a composer, who does not write his own lines, meets with in seeking to harmonize words and sounds. Mr. Foster was an ardent student in oth er branches of learning. He taught him self many of the languages. In French and German he was quite proficient, and some of the water-color paintings of his youth are still the admiration of his friends. At no time, however, could he be induced to submit regularly to the restraints of the school-room. i?rom childhcod he loved to wander alone among the beautiful hil!s and woods that surrounded his native city. and, with his book and pencil, seat himself where the rustling of the leaves, the rip pling water, the falling twigs and the twit tering of birds, fell peacefully and harmo niously upon his sensitive ear. For years he pursued his studies in this quiet harm less way, and his parents, finding that he always progressed favorably, soon ceased to insist on his confining himself, like other boys, to the school-room, but allowed him to pursue his studies in his own way. II 3 first published song, called, "Open thy Lattice, Love," was issued about the year 1C42, by George Willig, in Baltimore. "Old Uncle Ned" and "Oh, L-usanna" were not long afterwards issued by W. C. Peters, in Cincinnati. No remuneration was asked or thought of bv Mr. Foster for these, though they proved immensely prof itable ts the publisher. Returning to Pitts burg, Mr. Foster produced, successively, the "Louisiana Belle," "Nellv was a Lady." "Camptown Race," "My 01 1 Kentucky Home," "Master's in the Cold, Cold Ground," "Nelly Bly," "Oh, Boys, Carry me 'Lonj," and the woild-renowned "Old I Folks at Home," together with a large num i h. n,u u)a r ,r r ! - . . ..u.u,- ances or me r.t!iiopean minstrels, tie was induced to compose his songs at this time in the shape of negro melodies on account of the wonderful interest all classes then took in that style of music. For ti e pa.-t ten years, however, he con fined his productions to airs and words of a sentimental or devotional character. Among these are "Willie, We have Missed You," "Ellen Bayne," "Maggie by my Side," "Come where my Love Lies Dreaming," "Little Ella," "Jennie with the Light-brown Hair," "Willie, my Brave," "Farewell, my Lillie Dear," "Oh, Comrades, Fill no Glass for Ma." "Old Dog Tray," "Mollie, do you Love Me?" "Summer Breath," "Ah. may the Red Rose Live Alway," "Come with thy Sweet Voice Again," 'I see her still in my Dreams," "Suffer Li. tie Children to Come unto Me," "Klla is an Angel," and some hundred others. There has been re cently a book of hymns published in New York, with beautiful airs, composed by Mr. Foster expressly for each hymn. A we previously remarked, Mr. Fester, for a long period allowed his works to be published without thought of pecuniary compensation; but the demand for them became so great, and before long so many flattering offers were made to him, that he found himself impelled to abandon all other pursuits, and devote himself entirely to musical composition as a profession. He entered into an arrangement with Firth, Pond fe Co., the well known New York publishers, which continued many years, and was the source of immense income toJ Mr. loster, and also of large profits to the publishers. The commissions paid Mr. F. by them on the "Old Folks at Home'' alone amounted to over 815,000. Many others of his songs were nearly as profitable, bui the "Old Folks at Home" reached a larger issue than any song ever published in Amer ica, ior the privilege of having his name printed on the edition of this song, the late E. P. Christy, paid Mr. Foster five hun dred dollars." NEGRO SCHOLARS. As considerable has been aaid about the negro, we would like to see a class of chil dren of the royal Anglo Saxon race in Kan sas that will beat these colored children in spelling. We imagine that some who have talked loudly about the superiority of the race would have to give in a little. We extract the following from the report of the agent of the Board of Education for Rhode Island : At a meeting of the Rhode Island Insti tute of Instruction, held in Providence dur ing the month of January of the present year, a class of colored children of the av erage age of nine years, from one of the primary schools of the city, came to the church where the session was held, to be examined. Being invited to designate the words which were to be put out to the class, I selected seventy-five from about thirty pages of Leach's Speller, from the middle to the close of the book. But one word was mispelled. The following are the words : Fuchsia, mnemotechny, ecclesiastes, ec centricity, cryptogamou3, diarrhoea, apos trophe, sycophant, daguerreotype, elee mosynary, clough, impuissance, condensa ble, cough, accessible, vermicelli, omnis cient, pharisaicil, coercion, eshscholtzia, miliary, hspocrisy. archetype spontaneity, stubbornness, mischievous, exhibition, ster eotype, contemptible, syllogism, requisite, analiz?, tyrannic, "infringement, botanic, abridgment, zephyr, pneumonics. quintes sence, paraphernalia, pharmaceutical, intel ligible, idiosyncrasy, encylclical, cylinder, lattice, burlesque, prodigious, eviscerate, adolescence, hydrophobia, blasphemous, seraglio, poignancy, diaphragm, caitiff, hor ticulture, equipoise, compressing, super structure, endowments, screaming, lattice, hydraulic, elasticity, standard, lettuce, de crepitude, sanctimonious, controversial, pi azza, superstitious, ipecacuanha, mignon ette, apocrypha, epicycloid. ' Such spelling I never witnessed from children of their years, except in former visits to the 6ame colored school. As some intimated they could do nothing but spell in the negro school, at my sugge6tiou they were tried in reading, and their reading wa3 natural, uncommonly distinct and expres sive almost a3 remarkably good for their years as their spelling. A correspondent at Point Isabel, Texas, writes concerning the negro soldiers station ed there : It is amusing to see how completely non plussed some of our privates are in the pos session of their money. Some never bad a dime in their lives to call their own, and could not distinguish between a one, two, or five dollar greenback. One fellow paid ten dollars for a watch, and his lieutenant no ticing it, asked him to tell him what time it was. "Lor' Cap'n," replied the darkey, (they call every officer cap'n,) "I dunno, d'ye spose I can tell ?" "Why, what did you waste your money for a watch, then "?" asked the Lieutenant, whereupon the darkey broke into a laugh, an he said, "Why, Cap'n, I bought it so dey couldn't keep this child on guard ober two hours." While a Union soldier was bathing in Elk river, five of Bragg's soldiers came to the bank and took aim at him, one of them shouting, "come here, '0U d d Yank, out of Hie wet." The poor fellow felt quite sure he was done for, but obeyed the orde: "You surrender our prisoner, do you ?" "Yes, of course I do." "That's kind. Now we'll surrender to you !" And the five stacked arms before him, their spokes man adding, "we've done with 'em, and have bid oid Bragg good bye. Secesh is played out. Now you surround us, and take us into camp. It fellow was recently arrested at Chica go, charged with getting up a swindling circular, announcing a "Grand Gift and Prize Lottery" for the benefit of 6ick and wounded soldiers, under the patronage of the ladies of Chicago. The circular an nounced 60,000 tickets for sale at 81 each 826,000 to go for the benefit of the sol diers, and S40.000 to be distributed in prizes. The fellow tvas making a fine thing of it. Taking an enemy into one's mouth it steal away his brains isn't so bad as swin dling a friend. You bad better take ia an enemy than take in a friend. A wag Eeeiijg a lady st a party with a very low-necked dress and bare arms, ex pressed hi admiration by saying she "out stripped" the whole party. Sherman and Colfax. At the Whig Convention held in Phila delphia in 1848 two young gentlemen ap peared as delegates from Democratic dis tricts in adjoining btates ; and in 1852 they again appeared as delegates to a Whig Na tional Convention. A delegate rose and said that a young friend of bis was present from a district so strongly democratic that he could never expect or hope to get an office of any kind at home, and he would, therefore, nominate fcS secretary of the Convention, John Sher- manj of Ooio. Another delegate said that he also-ha i-a young friend present a3 a del egate from another strong democratic dis trict, where he coiild never hope for a home office, and he therefore nominated Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, as assistant secretary. Two years passed away, the incipient steps of the conspiracy against the Union were taken by the slave-lords, and in these two old democratic districts of Ohio and Indi ana,John Sherman and Schuyler Coltax were elected to Congress, and on the first Mon day of December, 1855, they took their seats in the House of Representatives. Four years ago Mr. Sherman was put in nomination for the Speakership of the House by the Republicans, but withdrew, and Mr. Penniogton was elected. In March, 1861, he was elected to the United States Senate in place of Mr. Chase, who resigned to take the phce of Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Colfax continued in the House and is now its Speaker. Thess two fortunate and successful gentlemen were born in the same year, one in March, the other in May. They have both achieved an enviable reputation and an honored name ; one starting in life as an engineer ou the Ohio canal, and the other as a printer. O. S. Journal. A New Enterprise. We understand that a hopeful and inter esting enterprise is just being perfected on tne Ottawa Indian Reservation, twenty miles south of Lawrence. A treaty was effected with the Ottawas, some time since, by which 20,000 acres of their land was given to cer tain trustees, for school purposes. Their reservation is known to be one of the most beautiful in Kansas. Rev. I. S. Kalloch has just been spending ten days on the reservation, perfecting the arrange ments of the treaty. A town is be'mg sur veyed at the Ohio City crossing of the Osage river, and buildings are being com menced. A large part of the reservation is to be sold on the first day of April, under the superintendence of C C. Hutchinson, Esq., the Agent of the tribe. - The building for the pieparatory school is to be built this season, at an expense of o 12,000, and large and elegant college buildings will fol low. We understand it is Mr. Kalloch's intention to connect himself immediately and permanently with this enterprise, as, in fact, he ha3 been somewhat connected since its commencement. His many friends, who regretted his leaving the State, will heartily welcome him back. Iiie new "city" will be known by the appropriate name of Ottawa, and a paper, edited by Messrs. Kalloch and Hutchison, will be .issued this spring, to be called " The Kansas Home Journal." Leaven worth Bulletin. A Good Point. The Washington cor respondent of the Saint Louis Democrat says : Judge Kelly, of Philadelphia, made a gcod point during the discussion of the question of granting compensation to the owners of slaves who were drafted. He said : "We do not give the northern falh er compensation for his 6on. We do not give the wife compensation for her husband. We do not give the brphan children com pensation for having withdrawn from them their snpport. When the draft takes the husband and father without compensation, I do not see that the relation between the master and slave is more sacred than that of father to son, wife to husbaDd, or child to parent." Weed akd Seward. Wilke's Sprits of the Times says : A terrible quarrel is eaid to bp raging at present between Thurlow Weed and Sew ard, The cause has cot yet leaked out, and by many it is attributed to the Auburn speech. That cannot be the case ; the Au burn epeech was a mere "play" in politics, but as the quarrel is represented as being really serious, the probability is that it is about some spoils. We 6hall know all about it by and by. There have been between two and three hundred illegal marriages in certain coun ties in West Virginia since the war broke out, owing to the fact that the officers au thorized to grant licenses had abandoned their positions. The young folks could not wait, and in some instances they obtained military permits to marry. A bill is about to be introduced into the Legislature to le galize all these marriages. An Irishman tells of a fight in which there was but one whole nose left in all the crowd, "and that belonged to the tay kittle !" Probably the wittiest saying in the lan guage is Douglas Jerrold's definition -of dog matism that it is puppyism come to ma turity. Let yoftr exportation proceed from com passion and love. To jeer and scoff, to rail and villify is not a likely way to convert men to God. The doctors are recommending whisky both as s cure and preventative of dip theria. The remedy is becoming immensely popular. A Test of Character. The uee of money has become, in mod ern society, the test of character. As menuse 'money, tr.ey us everything everybody. If they are honest and equitable in that, they will be ho"ne3t! and evui table in other things. If not, not. , In the intense and universal pursuit of 60- j ciety, it follows that men will manifest in what manner of spirit they are of. The eagerness with which they pursue the "main chance absorbs all other feelings and de sires, iiiven the internal laws ana orain ances of God, which have been established as a bulwark against the mad assaults of human passions, ara no-barrier to the mas ter passion. It may be that the test comes in a matter of mills or millions ; but when ever it comes, or how large or small the transaction i3, how few, comnaratively, out of the immense multitude engaged in busi ness, can lay their hands on their hearts and say, "1 have not overreached or ta&n advantage, or put a cent into my pocket that was not honestly my own." llw few have so scrupulous a sense of honor and honesty that they would no more overreach the Government than their own own broth er ! For besides the amazing ambition of getting rich, another reeling come3 into play. To gain the better of a man in a bar gain is accounted 6martnes3. The filip of a greater intellectual keenness is added to the love of money. I here is something peculiarly fascinating in being'quicker, ear lier, brighter and faster than your neighbor. It is not so much for the "filthy lucre;" 0, no ; but you are resolved not to be bea ten in a trial of wits. Thus it is that false, intellectual pride often joins with the domi nant passion of riches to ttample the golden rules of honor and fair dealing under foot. But in spite of all solicitations, how beautiful beyond comparison is unswerving righteousness. Xew York Christian En- . -i quirer. A Picture of the South. One of the most experienced and veteran steamboat captains on the Mississippi river, writing to a friend in Chicago, from the mouth of the White river, Arkansas, on the 8th instant, gives a melancholy picture of the lower Mississippi country, now des olated by this unholy rebellion. It is in structive, and the more valuable as coming fiom a writer to whom the whole region re ferred to has been familiar for years. Fur ther than that, it should be said that he has been until the war began, a most vig orous defender of slavery. What he writes may be accepted as truth forced upon a can- aid observer : . The country Is about used up; and fast being desolated, and It is not a pleasant sight to witness the destruction going on I see much of the "Southern view" of the rebellion, and have yet to see the man who desires a restoration of the system of slav ery. All feel that it is used up, and seem glad that it is going ; but for the next few years labor of all kinds will be extremely scarce. To give you an-idea, my route has been some five hundred miles in length. For merly both sides of the river were wellcul tuated, and a large quantity of cotton and produce shipped. I am certain that now the same country has not a fourth of Its former population, and that next year not enough will be raised to support the rem nant remaining. It is a ead sight to wit ness this goiDg backwards, and yet perhaps an is lor tue oesi, ana wua a oeuer system of labor, years hence, the country will al most bless the rebellion. A Kiss in the Right .Direction. At the ladies' fair, recently held in Columbus, Ohio, a pretty Indiana girl was observed exerting her persuasive powers to their Ut most tension, trying to induce a certain mil itary gent, who ranks as captain, to buy bead basket, or some other ornament she bad in her possession. As the gallant cap tain had been gouged an unlimited number of times during the evening, he'didn't see it ; but thinking to startle the maiden, said jokingly t "Don't want to buy your trinkets, but I will give you five dollars for a kiss. The maiden reflected a moment she was laboring in a noble cause, for the sol dier'e good "Surely, in such a case there's no harm, eo in a twinkle of the .eye, she said : "Done, sir !" and, H3 he expressed it, she gave him a whopper right on his cheek. Military drew back abashed. The crowd saw it and lauehed. There was but one mode of escape he pulled out his somewhat de pleted wallet and forked over a V. He then rushed frantically up stairs and drowned his sorrow in a flowing bowl of oyster soup. The maiden, maintained her accus tomed tranquility, and yet survives, fitting monument to woman's patriotic spirit. Eat, digest ; read, remember ; earn, save; love, and be loved. If these four rules be strictly adhered to, health, wealth, intelli gence and true happiness will be the result Let us be patient to live. Not that we should not have aspirations; but, till the flying time comes, let us brood contentedly on our nests. It is reported that Dr. Livingston, the African explorer, has been murdered by the natives on Lake JSyasea. When the wind whistles through vour keyhole, it expects you to whistle with it. It 13 sounding the key note. Maeon says it will cost something to be religious, but will cost more not to be so. . Illinois hai tarnished 145,073 men' to the Union armies. MILITARY MOVEMENTS . The greatest interest is felt in the milita-. movements now going on in Mississippi and Alabama, and of the continued suocess which we are each day informed by tel-: egraph. The New York Times, in a nell co nsidered article on the subject, says J , A "It is known that three distinct columns. froci a3 many different points, are now un er way in me csoutuwest. a very power il cavalrv column, under command o! Gens. Smith and Grierson, has started from column, composed of the two corps of Hurl but adMcPhef son, under command of at able officer. Gen. Sherman, ia under way from Vicksburg. A combined land and naval expedition is moving from New Orleans? -, There is not the slightest difficulty in. as gning the objective at which the latter force aims. It is Mobile, of course. - The cavalry colamn is for a grand raid through Mississippi, Alabama and Ueor?ia. ' But hat is the objective of Sherman's column? The first and most obvious answer to the question is, that Sherman's force U also destined for Mobile. But the querry im mediately suggests itself, wh ha3 it taken up Its march in a due easterly direction along the Southern Mississippi Railroad, nsteaa ot dropping down the Mississippi iver and forming a junction with Binka' forces? It is even a question whether it would be possible for Siierman to malrA n overland march from Vicksburg to Mobile duuui iuico Liuuureu mnes: ana lr im be answered in the affirmative, we are still met with the puzzling proposition that there is no adequate reason whv. he should under. take the prodigious difficulties of the march. Sherman's corps undoubtedlv ia nni Hs. tined for Mobile. Where, then, is he a-oW? A careful examination of a crood man ( with out which military discussions are necessa rily so much blind verbiage)should answer this question. Let us suDnose that Sher man continues his present easterly march, following the Southei n Mississippi Railroad, which he puts in workmg order as he (joes, and that he advances as far as MeriTlian- one hundred and forty miles from Vicks- ourg. suppose that while this operation is under way, Banks and Farragut strike a successful blow at Mobile. This accom plished, and we have the two forces planted at strategic points of the highest importance, and connected bv the line of'th MnhH and Ohio Railroad. If, now, from Meridian, baernaan pushes on his advance still due eastward to Selma, Ala., it will be seen that die result of these combined operations is to give us possession of a region, of enor mous importance, strategetically and mate rially a region whose possession, in faot, would 8ettlethe fate of the rebellion. The region into nos9ession of which shall come by the successful ifsue of tha operations now on foot, forms a grand strat egic triangle, whereof Meridian, Mobile and toelma are the three points- Its valua U threefold First, the great faciliiy.for inter communication it presents; secondly, the the material value of the district of country of which it assures us possession; and third ly, tne military bearing of this region on the whole theater of war. . W n more than glance, at these three points in And first, of the communicationa,' it is to be said that no region in the South is to admirably situated, both naturally and ar tificially, as that iust indicated. iFnrimha district between Vicksburgh, Selma and inoone, we nave no less than two water bases on the Mississippi and on th milf and four lines of communication namely. two raiiroaas ana two rivers. -From Vioks burgh, we have the line of the Southern Mississippi Railroad i from Mobile, we have the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, together with the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers. The Tombigbee opens the State of Miisia bippi up to Columbus and , Aberdeen; the Alabama opens the State" of Alabama up to Selma, Montgomery and. beyond. These points will' all be held and made powerfully fortified depots of 6upply. They will form precisely the secondary base Gen. Grant must have in an advance into the Gulf Slates. The material importance of the region aris es from the fact that its river bottoms forra the richest cotton district in the South; and it is there, al-o. that the mass of the distri bution of the elave population: shows Its darkest hue." . Jone3 writes to a friend and closes by eaj'ng, "I am glad to ba able to say that mr wife is recovering Sicjwiy. Gen. Cass ia said to be eo feeble that he' cannot live much longer. He is in his filstr year. . ' . ' . Ex-Maj. Gen. B. M. Prentiss has been licensed to practice in the several courts of Illinois. , . St. Louis men iky the cars will be run ning from that city to Kansas City in abiut six months. . : - The law depriving colored persons - of the right to cettle in Iowa ha3 lately been repealed. . - f Forty-one rebel deserters took the oath ot allegiance : in -Washington on the 1 8th inst , . r -. When a lady makes you a pair of slip pers she wants you ti put your foot in it A Springfield man ha3 invented a steam' sheap-sheare'rJ , ... . Eleven hundred persons are daily fed by the government at Chattanooga, 4-