Newspaper Page Text
State Historical Society
State vs. Bancroft tVe continue our report of the Ban croft trial from Inst week, giving a full statement of the testimony substantially as given by the witnesses. Thursday morning Dr. Wright mia recalled. Tes tified that be was one of the committee appointed in March, 1877, to make de mand of defendant. Couldn't state de mand in words ; substance was 'a demand by Crkhton asking defendant for money. WitnetM and Crichton informed him they-hml been? appointed byN hoard to wait on him and find amount of land sold and receive the money. Crichton made the demand in witness's presence. Cross examination Did not state this yesterday; don't know why; was aaked by counsel to state all that occurred; Crichton and Gillett spoke to me about it. Witness repeated at request of coun sel what occurred at the " interview re ferred to; couldn't give the demand in words, but rernemberoU the fact ff the demand. : iCe-direct examination: This state ment is true though not stnted yesterday. Itccollection as to correspondence is that it was not obtained at first , interview; Saturday morning preceding-, the Mer chant's hotel meeting, another demand was made. Cross examination: The second de mand was after Crichton'S' return from Salina. Bancroft had given witness a report (under circumstances already stated) ; promised to place the report be fore the board ; showed it to Crichton as a memler of the board. Witness and Crichton called on Bancroft on their own motion; not officially exactly, though land committee had not been for mally discharged; wanted to get infor formation as to the true state of things. Re-direct: Am secretary and treasur er of the board, and was then ; if Ban croft had paid money at that time would have received it ; receive all from the present agent, moneys tmss examination: went there on our own motion to obtain information for the benefit of the board, and on board business. In the course of this testimony Judge ltuggles said, for the defense, that with all due deference to the court, they had striven in vain for a clean cut ruling as to what was admissible in testimony. The court remarked, that with all due deference to the counsel, there had been more frivolous objections raised in this suit than in any that bad ever been tried lefore him. J. II. Crichton was recalled and said: Made a demand on Bancroft for mon ey on or about April 18th,- 177 ; asked for money received, and got all he said he had ; made demand also after return from Salina; last time did not make a demand in exact language, but in lan guage that would be a demand in law, On cross examination the witness re peated what occurred at these interviews substantially as ho had given it, after which the prosecution rested and evi dence for the defense began to be intro duced. IIANCKOKT'8 TKST1MOXY. E. P. Bancroft sworn : The plat re port was identified as collection of pa lers made by him. Wrote also the pa per attached (summary of his sales at time of report.) Plats are a correct re port with exception of clerical errors; sold lands named in plats as agent ; re ceived on them the amounts stated therein, except slight deductions for ex change; paid a portion of the money to Dr. Wright, member of the board; could not state the amouut from memo ory; reference to memeranda showed 1,400.94 principal, and 941.02 interest totaL3.830.lW, Keruembared Interview; with Wright and Crichton April 18, 1877; there was not nearly as much said with regard to the matter then as at the interview with Wright alone. Wright and Crichton came to office of witness, said they had called for a state ment regarding Normal school lands, before promised when licfore the board ofltegents; witness gave them a memo rundum of certain lands sold and the amount of money received for them. Crichton asked witness if he had books and papers relating to Normal school lands; said he had, and produced all he had a roll of plats purjorting to come from the government and a little memo randum Dook; was not provided by board with book3; used ruled sheets of paper. Wright said he was authorized to receive money arising from sale of lands; witness said he was willing to pay it, and did pay the amount stated in the reort given at that time; this was practically all that took place ; nothing was said by Crichton about revoking agency or about parties paying interest after that time to any other person. Statement to Crichton and Wright at that time did not embrace tracts as shown by plat report ; was unable then to turn over all the money he had re ceived ; made the memorandum correct ly so far as particular pieces themselves went, of as much as he could then ac count for. Suestlon : What design, expectation, intention had yon then of replacing the money on land sold and not stat ed in memorandum ? Question object ed to as incompetent. Debate ensued. Gillett: This might be a question for the court in fixing the degree of crime, but the question of intention to replace money waa not competent aa evidence. Ruggles: The question was as to the intent with which the action of taking the money was done. If there was no intention to commit crime, no crime was committed. If Bancroft had used every dollar and had replaced it in his own money In a day or a week, he would not be liable. If at that time or at any other time, Bancroft had reasonable ground for expecting the money replace ed, that fact should go to the jury, whose province it waa to determine whether Bancroft's explanation, waa reasonable or not. Gillett : The defendant couldn't now go on and tell what he intended to do, when at this time he has admitted mak ing a false statement. The gist of the offense is in the refusal to pay over the money. The offense was committed when false statement was made, for just as mnch as he ought to have paid over and did not. Had never heard of a rase of embezzlement without intention to replace. The intent to embezzle had been proven from the mouth of the wit. ness, and he la ctcppad in law from making statement aa to his intent to re place. That does not in the slightest degree reduce the crime. Lynn: Prosecution has introduced evidence to prove Bancroft's evil intent ; if objection is sustained we are debarred from showing that he had no criminal intent. Gillett cited authority (Bishop -861- 861) to the effect that if servant keeps a true account he cannot ordinarily be convicted for embezzlement- It is es. sential .that there should be denial ef having money, false entry or refusal to pay. Offense is committed when false entry is made. What was done could pot be undone by subseauent evidence. Lynn i The question of sufficiency of evmcum as jur me jury, not the pourt. Defendant is not arranged for falsehood. Facta of his making false statement does not debar him from stating facts in jus tification thereofr .- Itugglea t All are agreed that the mere tact ot using money aoes not constitute embezzlement Intent must be r roved in aome way, and defense propose to oti fer evidence to show that Bancroft's true intent 5 why he did report correctly. Davis: Gil let has stated law in rase correctly. Point is important, result of the case depends much on the ruling of me cuun. uuiuup says em oezziement 18 not an onense requiring special evidence of intent. 10th Gray 173. ia authority in point. Bancroft state reception and fraudulent conversion of money, and is estopped In law from showing intent af ter showing misappropriation did take place. When wa prove purpose for which money was received and conver sion of money to his use the crime is proven., . mien uv Biaieu mat mm r- andum given contained a full report of wc, me wrongi ui conversion did take place.. Intent must run through all primes, but in case in point, conversion carriea intent wipi it. Cifed authority VOL,. 21. stating that "embezzlement is a larceny agravatoa by a violation ot trust." 1 he law as to the conversion con ve vine the fact of intent is high law, but is intended to cut on an legal quibbling and all el forts to defeat the ends of justice. THURSDAY AFTERKOON. The court sustained the objection to the question as to Bancroft's Intention to refund the money, on the ground that it is comiieteut only to show the intent of the-crune. ills honor cited authorities in support of this position. "Bancroft's testimony continued : Ques tion State fully and every reason you had why, April 18th, 1877, you did not include in the statement to Wright and Crichton ail the amount of lands shown in plat report. Witness crave reasons 1st; A large amount of lands described in plat were not sold at that time. 2nd ; a. portion 01 the money received from time to time in small amounts, had been deposited . to my credit, together with other monies ; a portion of it was refused by the State Treasurer, it having been offered to him, and was retained by me ; other portions of it had been used by me, and at that time was unable to replace it. At that time my financial condi tion . Objection. , Ruling ty ' the court that any statement as to bis finan cial condition or prospective ability was incompetent. Counsel for defense offer ed to prove by defendant's, and other competent testimony, that at the time Iamui report was maue to ngnt and Crichton,- he had debts due him to the amount of between two and three thou sand dollars, which he expected to be immediately paid, and that he had made arrangements fur a loan upon, his prop erty ot $4,000 more, both whicl amounts, or aa much thereof as necessary, he ex pected to at once turn over to the proper authorities. Objected to as not Droner evidence, and objection sustained. Wit ness said statement attached to plat re port was a summary of all lands therein sold ; in those is included certain dis puted State lands, section 6. 13. 1. w. and section 17, 13, 3 w, 1,280 acres. State ment also includes lands sold alter April 18th. 1877. Could not tell how manv acres without going over plats and foot ing it up. The two sections of State 1 ind sold after April 18th, 1877. Coun sel called attention to interview between W right and Bancroft, at the latter' of fice.- Wright called -at defendant's re quest. Defendant could not state the exact day, but his recollection varied several days from Dr. Wright's ; should say at least a week earlier; not far from middle of February, 1878. Delivered the piat- report at that time. Told Wright the circumstances connected with the matter, substantially as related by him, only a little more fully. Had begun to make these plats from accounts keDt on sheets of paper of sales and receipts in December previous, working them up as time would permit intended to pre sent them to him as a full, complete and accurate statement of every acre of land sold. 3Vright asked defendant if he had not already made a full report; defend ant said he had not said so, but that right might have interred that, and probably did. Went on to tell Wright that in April preceding had every reason to believe and did believe that within two or three months at farthest, should hi able to account for the entiie amount. Wright asked why defendant had not placed money in State Treasurer's hands rom time to time? Replied that a por tion of that time Sam Lappin was Treas urer, and would not willingly place any money in his hands, as he had already defrauded him of 2,000 or $3,000. While 1 lays was treasurer he had declined to received interest money. Also told him that from time to time had informed some members of the lold board that a few pieces of land were being sold ; that no notice had ever been taken of it by board, all of which made him much more care less than he otherwise would have leeu. Wisness stated further that he had ljcen disappointed in expectations had in the spring ; that it had been impossible to sell property and collect debts. Ban croft then made statement of his financial resources to Wright, asked him to have a meeting of the lioard called. Was in formed that-a special meeting would le held soon, and defendant told Wright he would lie present and state to the loard just what he had stated to him... Inform ed v right that the matter could be ar ranged so that the institution would re ceive as large an amount of interest as it could in any other way, and the princi pal in two years. Did not know at that time that Crichton was engaged in the examination of Normal school lands. Bancroft then testified as to the interview ut whic h Crichton and Wright were both present. Said he made substantially the same statement as at conversation with Wright, only less fully. Nothing was said by Crichton at that time as to de manding money or papers. Crichton told defendant that he had been to Sa lina and found that Major Burke had been crooked, and wished him to look over correspondence with him, and tee what coujd be found JkVent into pri vsto office and examined files of letters for perhnps half an hour. Crichton took fourteen of Burke's letters; wanted to take them to hotel to make some memo randum ; promised to return them, but never has. On April 18th, 1877. defend ant paid Wright all the money he had in his possession belonging to the Normal school ; perhaps not to a dollar, but near ly so. Went down to parlor of Mer chants Hotel on the evening of March 2nd, 187(J. Found but one or two mem bers of board present. Some one. nrob. aoiy -uuruoca, saiu uiey nao not come yet. Asked witness to come back in an hour. When he returned found board in session, Murdock presiding. Witness here related Murdock's remark about ..t-i r , . . criminating himsel, and stated his reply and substance of the interview aaliefore given. Neither the Treasurer of the State of Kansas, or any Derson for him or authorized by hiiiL,jitt4 ever mada .de mand oi witness tor money. Could not tell what lands were embraced in money paid to Wright and Crichton. Think it embraced lands sold last, prior to April 18lh, 1877. Could determine exactlv hv memorandum at his office. fCourt ad. journecl to allow witness to find such data.) In about an hour the case waa resum ed and Bancroft's testimony continued. tiau searcnea ior memorandum desired but was unable to find it. Has made to n right other Daymen ta of monev. amounting to about $1,500, in addition to the $2,800. L to March 15. 1876, hod received no money which had then on hand arising from the sale of Normal school lands. Defendant said at the time he used the several sums of money named in plat report he never intended to defraud the state of Kansas or the state Normal school; always intended to return the same. Has ever since, and does now intend to return them. Has done so as fast as he possibly could. At tempt was here made to introduce evi dence as to defendant's- financial! condi tion ana reasons for bis failure 4o pay moner. vt Objected to, objection sustain ed.) Witness said Crichton never made any demand upon him for money. CROSS EXAMINATIOX. Had stated that he had sold lands, to Prof. Hoss, to II. C. Cross and, he thought. Prof. Pomeroy. a Only conver sation he recollected with Pomeroy was on the" aide walk In Tront "bf ' postomce. Could not fix tha date, but knew it was soon after the organization of the board or regents. Prof. Pomeroy accosted him and said he had been continued as agent. Talked for perhaps ten minutes. He asked defendant's opinion as to the sale ot lands; asked if there was any demand for lands. - Defendant said -there' was: Some were in counties having a nerd law. There was greater demand for mem mere wan elsewhere. Defendant slated to Pome.rov he had sold w.vnil tracts of the land. . Didnt specif any number.' Used the term several. Pom eroy did not ask what he had done with the money. This waa shortly after Pom eroy's appointment as secretary of the board. Could not state the year without consulting the record. Stated to Craoa once in his bank while he was memhor j of board, once in front of his bank, that J ho had .sold several tracts. .Thought conversation in -bank was in- r 11875, before the conversation with Pom eroy. The next conversation, was in m lie 1875. Didn't specify any number of 1 . i . f . 1 ' v- tracts usea tue term iew or c t-rui. one was present at conversation with Pomeroy : none immediately near when talking with Cross. Didn't remember when Prof. Hoss lea the Normal. Per haps in 1874. The resident members of the old board were . u. niggs, 11. Ban croft and defendant. Neither Hoss or Cross were members of the old board In interview at Bancroft's office Wright and Crichton did not say that they were there as a committee to demand money, but to receive report of proceed ings. Had a memorandum prepareu. Dr. Wright or some member ot the board had asked that it be made. Had some intimation of the committee being ap pointed to wait on him. Had prepared the report previous to their going there. Could not tell what tracts were embraced in it. Thought he begun at that time and reported backwards. Did not re member reporting any forfeited lands. Did not remember any names of purchas ers. Reported backward because that was the money he had to pay over. The Patrick Hall land was reported. Didn't remember stating that one tract was ior feited or that interest was due and paid on one tract. Had no means of knowing how many acres of land were reported sold, at that time. Reported sufficient to cover the amount of money on hand. The only reason for reporting backward was because that would naturally be the money he had. Witness was asked a .! 1. . . , , , J question regaruing ine puDiisneu report of 1872, referred to in Riggs testimony. Lively discussion ensued as to whether or not this question could be asked in cross-examination, and it was finally ex cluded. The purpose of the question was to show that while he at that time reported no lands sold, in fact four pieces had been sold. Witness said he stated that he didn't deposit money be cause of Sam Lappin to Wright in his office, possibly to Wright and Chrichton, and at the hotel meeting of the board. Thought Lappin was in office about a year. Was not in office April 18, 1877. Could 't tlx dates. Stated to Wright that Hayes had refused to receive interest money. Had never tendered him money but parties who owed interest had done so. Knew of it by letters from them. Had never reported to state treasurer any lands sold or moneys received. Did not rememoer that Crichton ordered him not to sell any more lands on account of the intention to reappraise them. Never Knew lands were to be reappraised until the spring of 1878. Did not remember that Crichton asked him at Merchants Hotel meeting whether he had not staQrl to Crichton and Wright that his first report was a correct one at the time of making it. Remembered Crichton asking how they were to believe this (plat report) to be a full report. Remem bered Crichton reading off list of sales. Did not say at that meeting that he had made, those sales, but said he did not have data to determine. Thought he could by reference to memoranda tell aliout sales of forfeited lands. Did make full report March 2, 1878, of all transac tions to the board with the explanation that he gave then. Explained that lands sold twice on which purchasers had for feited their rights were not included in report. Had not examined the informa tfon filed to any extent, or the exhibit attached to it. Could not state amount of moneys which had been received on lands forfeited. Answer would be the merest guess in the world. Had memo randum ot them which he had been ready to produce at any time since April 18, 1877. Subsequent payments to Dr. Wright about $2,500. Produced receipts which were read as follows: April 18, 1877. Principal $2,148,90. In terest, 07.G8. Total. $2,828.08. June 5, 1877, $45.07. July 16, $168.00. July ill. A AA tw. ... . . . J .i -. . t-tiu.iw. xtov. .w, l,o34.iu. receipts compared with Dr. Wright's record as treasurer and found to correspond. Was asked if on April 23, 1877, he sold land to Frederick Yungle and received there for $100,80. Admitted that he had. Was asked what he did with the monev. Thought it must have been included in nrst receipt. Was shown that that re ceipt was dated April 18, 1877, five days before. Didn't thrnk it could have been paid then to Dr. Wright at all. Didn't tender it to Dr. Wright or send it to stam treasury, lie was then asked if he had on June 20, 1870, sold land to Emmanuel Throne, and received thereon $70. Objected to. because this land was sold after the revocation of Bancroft's agency, hence there was no prosecution thereon. Prosecution claimed the right to introduce it on the ground that Ban croft had sworn that if at any time he had been able to pay the money would have done so. Proposed to prove that since April 19, 1867, he had received over $2,000 of which he had not paid a single cent. Question decided admissi ble, and defendant said he did not pay it io rigiii or siaie treasurer. FRTDAT MORNING. Cross-examination was continued for same purpose as before, with reference to various tracts of land defendant be ing interrogated with reference to his disposition of the money he received for each as follows : M. Hawker. Jt42. Paid to Dr. Wright. Nov. 20, 1877. Patrick Hall, . Paid to Dr. Wright. June 16, 1877.-JOS. Arnold. 112. Paid to Dr. Wright. Dec. 10. 2877. Martin Johnson. 54. Did not pay to treasurer. Dec. 20, 1877. J. W. Burks, . Did not pay to treasurer. Nov. 10, 1877. J. W. Burks, $58,39. Paid to Dr. Wright. June 12, 1877. M. A. Phillips, $480. Did not pay to treasurer. J une 13, 1877. 31. A. Phillips, $13553. uiu oui pay w treasurer. Oct. 10, 1377. M. A. Phillips, $58. Did not pay to treasurej. J une 25. 1877.-J. W. Aldna. JS.'ifi PniH to Dr. Wright. June tfth, 1877. P. B. Matthew. 108. Did not pay to treasurer. Sept 6th, 1877. H. Shank, $112.50. Did not pay to treasurer. uct 13d, 1877. John D. Bean, $100.20. Did not pay to treasurer. Dec. 20th, 1877 John W. Burke, four payments aaioiiows: 0-i.O, SHMKi, 56 ; fji-u, wuicu aeienaam said he had made arrangements to return to Burke, bdt had not done so-as vet.' July 18th, 1877. D. Hanson, $56. Did not pay to treasurer. - Jan. 19, 1878. Robert W. Lee, $56 Did not Oav to treasurer Defendant thougnt he had the last pay ment on hand when he made the last re port, but did not know certainly that he had. Did not pay it because not request ed to do so. Sale made about thirty ,1 .. 1 C .1 . . ,. . J uaja uciure me report was delivered. Is Hand. An eauable temner ia greatly to be admired. The man or wo man who always has himself or herself wen in hand, who is cool under all an noyances and circumstances, who has absolute control of the temper, we" are always willing to trust in any emegency. Bat a person who flashes like powder touched by a lighted match, who loses control oi mmseir or. herself upon the slightest provocation, we distrust and have a right to do so. In the battle of lire, he who would ' achieve victories must keep a cool head. And this mat ter is largely under our control. A Typographical Feat. . The public printer boasts that the gov ernment pnnungomce at Washington is tha only typographical Institution in the world where such a typographical complished: The revised statutes were to be printed... Boutwell's manuscript had been approved by Secretary Evarts, - u Glutting hours of the session, to the Senate com mittee on revision of laws, of which senator enristainc Is chairman, and it waa tnougnt oest to nave a few copies printed, so that the committee might ex amine them at their leisure during the recess of Congress.' The manuscript waa given to the printers Wednesday morning. On Saturday evening at 6 o'clock a huge octavo volume of four teen hundred pages, printed, stitched. mm whim a& tuu mil, waa utUlvcTeu tO every mem per ot vxe committee, c EMPORIA, KANSAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1878. President Hates' Speech. An Interesting; Review of the Basin Outlook. Facta and Fiirnrea Given at the Minne sota' State Fair, at St. Paul. Feuxw-Citizens of Minnesota : I wish to make my sincere acknowledge ments to the Governor of Minnesota, Gov. Pillsbury; to the Mayor of St Paul, Mayor Dawson ; to the President of the Minnesota State Agricultural society, Mr. George French, and to those associ ated with them', and to the people of this state whom they represent, tor their kind and generous welcome, l Know very well that nothing I can do or say will be a fitting and adequate return for your kindness, but I honestly desire to say something touching the material in terests of the country which will tend at least., to encourage those who need en couragement, and give increased hope to those who are already hopeful. The most interesting questions in public af fairs which now engage the attention of the people ot the United States are those which relate to the financial condition of the country. Since the financial panic and collapse five years ago capital and labor and business capacity have found it hard to get profitable employment. We have had what is commonly and properly known as hard times. In such times men naturally ask. What can be done ? How long is this stagnation of Dusiness to last ? Are mere any iarts which indicate an early return to better times ?- I wish to ask your attention for a few minutes while I present some facts and figures which show a progres sive improvement in the financial con dition of the general government. It will be for you to consider what infer ences may fairly be drawn as to their bearing on the question of a revival of business prosperity throughout the country. The financial condition of the government of the United States is shown by its debt, its receipts and ex penditures, the currency, and the state of trade with foreign countries. Let us consider the present state of the public debt. The ascertained debt reached its high est point soon after the close of the war, in August, lSbo, and amounted to $2, 757,689,571.43. In addition to this, it was estimated that there was enough un adjusted claims against the government of unquestioned validity to swell the to tal debt to $3,000,000,000. How to deal with this great burden was one of the gravest questions which pressed for de cision as a result of the war. It will be remembered that in important speeches and in the public press the opinion was confidently declared that the debt could never be paid ; that great nations never did pay their war debt ; that our debt would be Ike that ot England perma nent and a burden upon ourselves and onr posterity for all time. Some advo cated and many feared repudiation. There were those who thought a national debt was a national blessing. Fortun ately, however, the eminent gentleman at the head of the treasury, Mr. Hugh McCulloch. did not hold these views. He believed, and the people believed, that the debt was not a blessing, but a burden, and that it ought to be, and could be honestly paid. The policy adopted was to reduce the debt, and thereby strengthen the public credit, So as 16 refund the debt at lower rates of in terest. And now I give you the results. The debt has been reduced until now it is only $2,035,580,324.85. This is a re duction, as compared with the ascer tained debt thirteen years ago, of $722, 109,246.58. More than one-Fourth of the debt has been paid off in thirteen years. If we compare the present with the actu al debt thirteen years ago placing the actual debt at three billions the reduc tion amounts to one billion, or one-third of the total debt. Thus it has been de monstrated that the United States can and will pay the national debt. Encour aging as are these facts, they do not fully show the progress made in relieving the country from the burden of its war debt. All who have to borrow monev to carrv debts know the importance of the ques tion of interest. The total amount of interest-bearin? debt at the time it reached its highest point, the 31st of August 1865, was as follows : Four per cent bonds $618,127 08 Kive percent bonds Mn.i7K.T97 as Six per cent bonds 1,064,712,379 83 Seven three-tenths United States notes 830,000,000 00 Compound interest notes, 6 per ZVI,UZ4,1CU 00 Total interest-bearinir debt2Jisi .xan u aa Total annual interest charge wuuuuwu (U mU,V4l,Vlin 84 This was an oppressive burden. For interest alone we were paving more than double the total current expenses of the government in any year of peace prior to the war for the Union. With such a burden for interest it is not strange that many believed that the debt could never be paid. But, as we have seen, a better opinion prevailed. Those who believed that by strengthening the national credit the rates of interest might be reduced were sustained by the public judgment. The ability and the purpose to pay the debt, according to its letter and spirit. were uemonstratea. it was seen that the successful management of the debt depended on the rates of interest to be paid ; that a reduction of 1 per cent on our whole interest-bearing debt would oe a yearly saving in interest of over $20,000,000: that a reduction of 2 per cent in the rate of interest would save the country over $40,000,000,000, which is the interest at 4 per cent on 1.000.- 000,000. The policy of reducing the debt, and thereby strengthening the public credit, having been adopted, let us observe the result in the present condition of the public debt, with respect to interest. The total interest-bearing debt, Aug. 1, 1878, was as follows: Throe percent. Navy pension fund $14 000.000 Kour per cent, bonds 113 850,000 Four and-a-halr percent S48 00O.0O0 Five per cent 70SS6S,6SO oix per cents. 733,fittiso Total present interest bearing debt. 1,809,577,900 The interest on which amounts to the sum of$95,181,007.40 per annum. It thus appears that in 13 years the interest bearing debt has been reduced from $2, 381,530,29.496 to $1,809,677,900. a train in the amount of the interest-bearing debt of $571,852,394.96. The reduction of the annual interest charge is $55,796, 690.34, or more than 50 per cent, of what we,now pay. If the reduction of annual interest were placed in a sinking fund at 4 per cent, interest, it would pay off the whole debt in less than 25 years. There has been another gratifying and important improvement in the state of the public debt. A few years ago our uonus were largely owned in foreign countries. It is estimated that in 1ft7t from $800,000,000 to $1,000,000,000 were neiu aoroaa. we then paid from $50, 000,000 to $60,000,000 annually in Eu rope for interest alone. Now the bonds are held mainly in onr own country. It is estimated that five.sixths of them are held in the United States and only one- Biiui auroau. instead oi paying to for eiarners S5O.00O.0OTt w nnv nan- hcrn only about $12,000,000 or $15,000,000 a year, and the interest on the debt is mainly paid to our own citizens. It ap pears from what has been shown that since the close of the war, since the pan ic of five years ago, there has been a great change in the condition .of the debt. The change has been one of im provement. , j 1. The debt has been greatly : reduced. 2. The interest to "be paid has been largely ainunisneo. . .-: i S. And it is to be paid at home instead of abroad. . , TAXATTOX. ' ' The burden of taxation has been 1 re duced since 1866, the first year after the war, as ioiiows: ine taxes in 1866 were Custom ". tl79.0t8.e3l es - Internal revenue 809,426,813 43 488,I75,65 00 Customs 130f 70690 10 Internal re-re Boe. llQ.5Sl.ttM 74 10 751,834 M ; Reduction of taxation since 1866: 4t7,S2ia30 06 TAXATION rax TXAB 09 TX rAKIO. 187S Customs 1188,089 521 ft) Internal rsvenae. 118,72914 1 . - Total .. 1878 ..t301818,S36 84 Bedactton tiacs tbepaaic... fgi.eee.cai so EXPEXDrrCBES. The expenditures have been reduced since the end of the war as follows : " 1387 ExDenditures Inclndiiir pensions and interest.. $357,542,675 16 tS78 SS8.964 826 80 Reduction of expenses ' . . 130 678 348 S XrXNDITtTBBS THX TIAK OF TBI TANIO. 187S ;.. $20,84S.at5 83 1878 23S,8648 80 Reduction in five years $53,880,918 S3 THE CURRENCY. The improvement in the currency since the close of the war has been very great. In 1865 the paper currency of the country consisted of Greenbacks . $438,767,604 National bank notes 176.218,955 Fractional currency 86,344,744 Old demand notes . . 402,966 Treasury notes, compound int. notes State bank notes, estimated 100,000,009 Total. ..$735,719,286 Its value was 69 32-100 on the dollar in coin, and tts total value in coin, was $509,999,595 19. : i . In 1878 our paper currency consists of Greenbacks $346,681,016 00 National bank notes. .. 324 514,234 00 Fractional currency 16,647,768 77 Total... ... $087,143,408 77 Each dollar of paper currency is now worth 99 cents in coin, and the total value in coin of our paper currency is more than $684,000,000. The value of the paper dollar is as staple as that of coin. Coin and paper are practically abreast of each other. The fluctuation in the value of the paper dollar has not in the last five months ex ceeded the fraction of a cent. The total increase in the coin value of our paper currency since 1865 is about $175,000, 000. - Nothing connected with the financial affairs of the Government is more inter esting and instructive than the state of trade with foreign countries. The ex ports from the United States during the year ending June 30, 1878, were larger than during any previous year in the history of the country. From the year 1863 to the year 1873 the net imports into the United States largely exceeded the exports from the United "States the excess of imports ranging from $39,000, 000 to $182,000,000. iiuring the years 1874 and 1875 the ex ports and imports were about equal. During the years ending June 80, 1876, 1877, 1878. however, the domestic ex ports from the United States greatly ex ceeded the net imports, the excess of ex ports increasing rapidly' from year to year. ' 1 ihis is shown as follows: - . Tear ending June 80. 187K ....:, 1877. :: .... 1878. Excess of exports over net imports. $79 48.481 151,152 094 257.832,667 The total value of : exports from the United States increased from $269389,900 in 1868. to $680,083,798 in 1878 an in. crease of-$411,293,898, or X53 per cent. me loiiowing ' table shows the princi pal commodities, : die exportation of which has greatly increased during the last ten years : ' ' ', . l'ear end's June 80. Commodities. Increase. 18G8. 1878. Agricultural implements. Animals, live 11 re ail bread $ 673.S81 $ 2.575,198 $ 1.901,817 783,335 5,844,6531 5,111,298 68,030,997 181.774.507 112,793,410 Iron and steel. manuirs oi. . Coal Copper & brass & mfrs of . Cotton, mauu- 6389.439 12.084,018 2,359,467 8,078,349 11,483.628 ,1,876,969 6,694.619 813,247 2,139,099 6,564,574 970,457 6,663,287 9,181,715 24,764,298 93,271,733 1,516,220 939.250 lact'rs ot Fruit Leather and j mfr of i 4.871.054 406,512 1.414,872 2,913,448 21.R10 676 8.077.659 Oil-cake Coal-oil ft pe 6,09i,163 troleum Provisions... i. 46.574.974 S0.27 8,253 128,549.98a Total "'. 140,926,987' 403,826,601 262,899,614 The total increase in the value of agri- cutural products exported from the uniiea states in the year 1878 over the exports of the year ending June 30,. 1868, amounts to $273,471,283, or 86 per cent. This is shown as follows : Domestic exports of agricultural pro ducts during the years ending June 30, 1868 $319,004,631 1878 692,475,818 Increase $273,471,282 Percentage ot Increase 86 per cent. THE BALANCE OF TRADE. The balance of trade against the Unit ed States in the five years next before the panic was as follows : 1869 ....$131,888,682 11872 182,417,491 1870 43,186,640 1873 119.056.288 1871. .... 77,403,6061 Total in five yeais . ......$554,052,607 or an average of over $110,000,000 a year. As we have already seen, the balance of trade in the last three years in favor of the United States is $488,582,539; or an average of more than $160,000,000 per year. The balance of trade the last year, if compared with that of the two years next before the panic, shows a gain in favor of the United States in one year, of over $400,000,000. ItMs not necessary that I should dwell upon the importance of this favorable state of the balance of trade. Balances must be settled in cash in the money of the world. The ex periences of our business men reach out to all parts of the world. Our agricultu ral and manufactured products more and more seek and find their markets in for eign countries. The commerce of all parts of the world, bound together more than ever before by steamships, railroads and telegraph, is so connected that it must be conducted on the same princi ples ana Dy ine same instrumentalities by all who take part in it. We cannot if we would, we should not if we could, isolate ourselves from the rest of the commercial world. In all our measures for the improvement of our financial condition we should remember that our . increasing trade with South America and with the Old . World re quires that our financial system shall be based on principles whose soundness and wisdom are sanctioned by the universal experience and the general judgment of ail mankind. With diminished and still diminishing ' public "burdens of debt, ex penditures and interest, with an improved condition of currency and foreign trade, we may well hope that we are on the threshold of better times. But we must not forget that the surest foundation of a restored financial prosperity is a sound constitutional currency: anal unstained national credit. , There is another interesting subject that is worth giving attention to and I think is eneonraging and full of hope. The surplus populations of the Atlantic slope of States are finding their way, as they never have done before, to the beau tiful states and territories of the West. Applause. And what does that mean it means relief to the East. The surplus population that goes off gives a better opportunity for employment of labor and industry there, and in the new States they are making their homes, and they are furnishing them a market for their sup plies from the old States, but it has more than a double advantage. . There are three advantages : It relieves the States ; it furnishes a market to the old States, and with their products in the new States they help to swell the tide of exports to the old countries. That is. what this change of population means. You know much more about it than I do. - You hav lived here and seen it. . To-day, in conversation with a very young gentle man, Gov. Ramsey, of Minnesota -great laughter and applause I thought some of the people would be pleased to hear me call him so young Laughter he remembers, about thirty years ago, when in this whole territory or Minnesota and Dakota they, managed, by counting up half-breeds, and all sorts of good count ing, to make in the census 400 people. Slaughter. In this town of St. Paul ey perhaps had 150 inhabitants; down at Minneapolis perhaps 50. - The precise number in Minneseta I do not know, and now, if yon are not a million you soon will be. Applause. And St. Paul well, I cant venture upon that I am a little afraid, but the truth is, my friends, that St. Paul and the neighboring flour ishing city of Minneapolis, whatever yon may think, are one in interest one in the future, one great city in spite of the pres ent difficulties. Great and prolonged applause. - They laughed at roe Hole, I you know, as being disposed to concili ate. Great laughter. I may be mis taken, but I think ten years will show you a city of one hundred, one hundred and fifty, or two hundred thousand, em bracing in its precious fold both the cit ies of St Paul and Minneapolis. Great applause. And now, this movement of popula tion, what is it doing here? We see great States one in the distant South, one in the centre, and the other here. There is Texas, an empire in itself, re ceixing larger numbers of population, perhaps, than were ever received in any Mate whatever; there is the State of Kan sas, the pioneer in the great struggle whieh dedicated all America to freedom ond the stars and stripes forever. Bois. terous and prolonged applause, And she is having her share of this prosper ity4 And .Minnesota I need not say, "God bless -Minnesota;" He is blessing her. Renewed applause. And here let us remember what great blessings we have. It is not merely material pros perity ; it is, not merely great crops of wheat and com - and great numbers of cauie, Dut the laces 1 see around me show that no shadow of pestilence is upon this community, or, perhaps, ever can be; while down your noble river affliction is spread over all the country. We admire and sympathize with the noble men and the women, who, as physicians and as nurses, are carrying succor to Grenada and Memphis and New Orleans, and the other cities afflicted, and I am told that you of Minnesota, of. your abundance, purpose to-day to do something of your share toward giving relief to those strick en communities. Applause. Now, my friends, with this picture, as I think so full of hope for the future for you, and I as an individual, I do not venture .with confidence upon predic tions of prosperity reviving. I have no spirit of prophecy, but, reasoning, let us see how it stands. The debt is a great burden upon labor and capital, and it is greatly diminished and still diminishing. Taxation is a great burden upon labor and capital, ana it is greatly diminished and still diminishing. So, too, as to the expenses of the government, and then with that which helps us, a sound cur rency coming and immigration coming, may I not confidently say that these are indications, at least, that -we are march ing to the threshold of reviving general business prosperity ? Great applause. And now shall we look around for a new way to pay old debts, or shall we march in the paths marked out by the fathers the paths of honesty, of industry, of econ omy T - Shall we do what Washington and Franklin would advise? That is the question before the people to-day. My friends, I enter upon no argument of a disputed question, but I say, as my opin ion we may be mistaken, all ot us, but I believe it that a restored financial con dition depends largely upon an honest currency. Great applause. And why do I say this ? The commerce of the world is the commerce now in which we are taking part, and that is the same thing the globe around. We have with us to-day the gentleman who is at the head of the signal service of the United States. He is known pop. ularly as "Old Probabilities." Great laughter. He is not old and I fear he is not always probable. Renewed laugh ter. But certainly, in the science of me teorology, he has gone further than any other, and what does he tell us ? He says mat tms atmospnere or ours, tins circum ambient air that surrounds the globe is one as a unit, and that they have dis covered by observations all over the globe that a great commotion, a gr-eat disturb ance on any sea or any continent, sooner or later, is felt in every other sea and ev ery other continent, ana so the commerce of the world is one. When there are very hard times in one great nation, sooner or later it goas around. We should, then, base our financial system on principles, and by the instrumentali ties, that are sanctioned and approved by the best judgment of the whole commer cial werld. Then, I repeat, if we want our standard of financial prosperity to be based upon sure and safe fouudations, let us remember let us all remember that its best security is an untarnished national credit and a sound constitution al currency. Great and prolonged ap plause. , At the conclusion of the President's speech there were loud and frequent calls for "Old Probabilities," Gen. Albert J. Myer, Chief Signal Officer of the army. President Hayes introduced him as fol lows : My Frtekds : I have the pleasure of introaucing to you tne gentleman 1 named and that I name with pleaure, Gen. My er, of the Signal Service of the United States. Hurrahs for "Old Probs," and applause Gen. Myer said : It would be simply a joke to call on me to make a speech a thing, I think, I have never done in my life. I can only say that I came West to see all I could of the farmers and of the country in which the farmers live, for it is part of my duty to take care of their work so far as in my power. ' I thank you for your courtesy in calling me be fore you, and I must say good-bye. ApplauseJ Western Wanderings. NUMBER III. The little engine which has given us such a pleasant, lively ride so far, takes the side track to give place for the moun tain engine. This mountain engine is a wondeful piece of machinery. Weighs 26 tons and has eight drive wheels, and looks capable of climbing almost any thing. We pull out of La Veta, and we wonder whether this lively speed is to be kept up when we get fairly among the mountains. You can look ahead from the coach window and as the pon derous little engine marches, around curves so sharp that sometimes she is nearly out of sight and up the fearful grade, you can see no more apparent ef fort than if she was on level track. The rock bluffs grow higher and higher on one side of the track, while the bottom of the canon sinks lower on the other side. We pass around the base of Veta Moun tain and soon we are in eight of the en trance of the famous mule shoe curve. Looking ahead you see the track disap pear around the mountain. Look across the canon and you can see away up on Dump Mountain where it appears again and again disappears around the side of the mountain. The speed of the train slackens to eight miles per hour. We run one-and-one-half miles up the can on, cross over and are running back in exactly the same direction we came. This curve is so sharp that the rear end of a train of 16 cars will, run in exactly the -opposite direction from the engine. The grade is fearfully steep. Soon we begin to look down into tha tops of tall pine trees which we passed such a little while ago. As yon reach the corner of Dump Mountain and begin to pass out of mule shoe curve the view is grand be- yond description. Yon can see the little track winding down the canon so near it seems you might throw a stone across to it, but it is about one eighth of a mile across to it, and six hundred feet below you. , Every cross tie is as distinct as the ones you are passing over, but so small they look like they would make nice stove wood.. , There is a side track where the road crosses the canon. We met a freight train there and now we see it crawling along below, just going out of the canon.. Every car in the train looks as distinct and as small ' as a toy train.' . The scene looks more like a mint iature picture than reality. Vita motuu tain rises from the opposite track so steep you could hardly climb even the timbered portion of it - It ia timbered ... ... about one half its height and its summit is 11,500 feet above the sea. As you pass around Dump mountain, there are places where you can look down and see nothing but the ends of the ties and a few feet of stone work be tween you and the boulders in the valley a tnousand feet below. If you are ner vous, note for a moment the great cau tion shown by the train men and your uneasiness will leave you ; but ten to one you are carried so far away by the beauty and gran dn ess of the scene you forget that a railroad accident ever hap pened. You begin to find out that your lungs are entirely too small ; you cannot breathe long enough, and you may be troubled considerably with bleeding at the nose. An exhausted feeling comes over you and you find yourself draw ing a long breath every few minutes. or the last two and one half hours you have been ascending a grade which fre quently reaches as high as 217 and in some places ' 90 feet per mile.;. The scenery is so grand that you do not take time to speculate on the chances of the little coach turning over and making your will an ' interesting document to your friends. Look ahead and you can see the engineer or fireman sitting with his legs dangling out the cab window, looking down into the gulf below as cool as if he was at a circus. As the engine leans over in passing around a sharp curve, you see his feet swinging out from the side of the cab and he looks as though a little jolt might send him into eternity; but we suppose he knows his own business. He passes over this part of the road twice every day ; why should any one else feel uneasy in passing over it once or twice in a life time. J ust as the sun ceases to shine in the valleys, and the shadow of each moun tain rests on the side of another moun tain, our train turns its upward course and begins to go as suddenly downward, and we stop at Veta Pass, 9,340 feet above the sea. There is a neat little stone house for a depot, a side track and a turn table. We are introduced to Joe. Joe is the station agent, and although he dwells nearer Heaven, and occupies the highest position of any railroad tele grapher on the continent, he is a jolly good boy, a crack shot, and a natural born Nimrod. His friends lower down in life have often been reminded of his marksmanship by receiving nice veni son. Foolish deer often question Joe's right up here, and he is always ready to settle the matter. In some places around the station the timber is so dense you can hardly see any distance among it. It is principally pine and quaking asp. To one accustomed to the elevation, it must be rare sport hunting up here; but any one just arriving could not keep a cook in stove wood, much less hunt over the mountains. The air is so light you become exhausted doing nothing. As we leave Veta Pass we feel some thing like a kitten which has run up a tree, but is rather doubtful about com ing down. A brakeman has control of every car in the train, and the engine alone is capable of holding the train in case of accident. They do not use the air brakes in going down the hill be cause the grade is too long, there being nineteen miles where the train boys must keep at their posts all the time. Occasionally we strike a straight piece of track and the boys allow the speed to increase until we get a little uneasy, but as we near a curve they hold up, and. we are convinced that they know what they are doing. Three miles down on the west side of the mountain range we stop at Sangre De Cristo. There is a large hole dug near the water tank and forms the basin for the most magnificent spring we have ever seen. The water is so clear you can see every pebble in the bottom, and is so cold that even after being used to ice water you cannot drink any quan tity of it without stopping. It has the flavor of, and is said to be soft water. A spring at the roots of an old coffee nut tree, in one of the middle states, has haunted us during feverish longings, and has been the subject of every thirsty dream through our whole life, but San- gre De Christo will probably take its place in the future. As we pass further down the mountains cold clear streams tumble down the bottoms of the ravines, and we almost get the buck ague as we think that this is the very paradise of the mountain trout. No better fishing can be had any where than here. We were once told in good faith that in Colorado they could and did make wa ter run up hill in ditches; here is a proof of the statement You see a dam across a stream of water in the bottom of the canon below you on one side of the track. A" ditch starts out from it, nearly full of water, running in the same direction with the train. It rises rapidly toward you, and you can see it running very fast It runs alongside of the train for a few minutes, crosses un der the track, and soon you see it wind ing up along the side of the mountain on the opposite side of the train. , For get for a moment the laws of nature, and you could swear solemnly that the water in that ditch is running up hill. It is the ditch leading to the Placer Mines. The descent of the road is so rapid that it leaves the ditch far above you in a mile or two. Night, is fast setting in as we reach Garland. Garland was for. a time something of a station, but as the road was completed further west. Gar. land, like Joe in Bleak House, was com pelled to move on. The mountain en gine deserts us here and the one that takes her place pulls out, and as we leave the mountains, she skips out at a reckless speed, and for thirty miles the moon lights up a whirling sea of sage brush, but nothing more. At 9 :30 p. m. we cross the Rio Grande river and stop at Alamosa. A the hotel we are de lighted to meet Joe- Perry. Joe is an old timer of the west He has built six teen .hotels at as many different points on the plains. Every time a railroad builds a mile or two of track, Joe picks up his bed and walks. You will al ways find him at the end of nowhere, ready to furnish you a , good meal. At supper the waiter calls Out beef steak, pork steak, mutton chops, and silver eels. ' The eels are splendid and we learn that they are very plenty in the Rio Grande.' Our host, Perry, is build ing a good hotel here, and will probably get It finished in time to tear it down and move west if Alamosa walks off when - the road is completed further, Twenty-eight hours and twenty minutes has carried us six hundred and thirty- seven miles westward from the banks of the Neosho to the Rio Grande. Being tired we will go to bed and look about us la the morning; -Qorxr. NO. 38. Facts and Fancies. WhV S thA lnttt war liVa VnliD Becouse it brought the green-back. Oii City Call. . Tn ailrHtinn tri ft Trim cm a l?ank w umu e a- iuvu J .rJl) the Danbury jail is but ten minutes walk Of the dTVil TMsAfnfiiA flnsl AnaM xiahc-a 1 -v i nuA. vii aruvuo. Danbury News. A St Louis Beile, while bathing at Long Branch, recently, was attacked by, a shark, which bit off her small toe, but was choked to death in the attempt to swallow it One real bpftlthv nearer entertaining a man all night, and uuui aiiv specimen oi ani mal nature that has ever been invented. Cincinnati post When ex-Gov. Tilden walks he carries pedometer in his pocket progress. He is better satisfied with his advancement when he walks than when runs. is . Y. Graphic. hftu itiRt omTiA linmp IWtm o oi hand entertainment T -wtah T jurer." "Why, my son?" "I would turn you into a rat, call up the cat, and wouldn't I have fun I" A little ' flve-v-ar nlft U-Q a flitting -nr? t V. his mother in the city a few days ago, uiovuig tn, oer ieex, wnen suuaeniy ne looked up into her face and said s "Moth- r, uo you snow wnat l want to be when grow up?" She shook her head. "Well, hen I PTflw nn T nrnnt tn ha Aitkui. n greenbacker or one of those men who cure corns ana nave tneir pictures in the paper. Augusta Journal. NEW ADYERTISEMEXTS. Veg-etine PURIFIES THE BEOOD & GIVES STRENGTH. Dn OtJOIN. Tl.I. . Ju 1 11170 MR. H. B. Stivkms: iear Sir. Your "Veretlne" has been do Jtf,7rond?r for me. Have been bavin the Chills and Fever, contracted in the swamp of the Seuth, nothing rlvitg me relief nnuf I began the use ef your Veg-etine, it giving me luuuouww nuies, coning up my system, puri fy inar my blood, irivinr atrano-th . wHnu n other medicines weakened me, and filled my if families that live in the ag-ue district of the South and West would take Vegetine two or three time a week, they would not be troubled with the "CbiOa" or the malignant Fevers that prevail at certain times of the year, save doctors' bills, and lix old age. Respectfully yours. - a. MITCHELL, Agent Henderson' Looms, St. Louis, Mo. All Discasm of th Blood. If Vaoar 1MK will relieve nain. nliuu nnrirv cure such diseases, restoring the patient to perfect health, after trying different physi cians, many remedies, suffering for years, is it not conclusive proof, if you are a sufferer, you can be cured? Why is this medicine per lorming such great curesf It works in the blood, in the circulating fluid. It can truly be called the Great Blood Ppaiyiaa. The great source of disease originates in the blood, and no medicine that does not act directly npon it, to purify and renovate, has any just claim upon publio attention. Veffetine HAS ENTIRELY CURED ME OF VERTIGO. w o CiiRO, III.. Jan. 23. 1378. Hl-H.K. Stxvxns : Dear Sir: I have used several bottles of "Vwrki," and It has cured me of Vertigo. I have also used it for Kidney Complaint. It is the best medicine for Kindey Complaint. I would recommend it as a good blood purine'- N.YoctTk. PAIN AND DI8EASE. Curt w niuKt tt a. joy good health when bad or corrupt humors tubuiftw wmi wo uiuoa, causing pain and disease; and these humors, being deposited through the entire body, produce pimples, eruptions, ulcers, indigestion, costiveness headaches, neuralgia, rheumatism, and nu merous other complaints? Kemove the cause by taking Viostimb, the most reliable rem edy for cleansing and purifying the blood. Vegetine. I BELIEVE IT TO BE A norm MEDICINE. Ximia, March 1, 1877. Ma. Stsvkks : llAfll Mi. 1 I. 1. ... . : w iiurin tuu w ii at your vegetine has done for me. I have been afflict ed with Neuralgia, and after using three bot- 7- , -owa.w ww en vi i ci j relieved, j also found my general health much improved. nisi lairA SsV Vv K ... I. Y j ; f Vr w iiitxi'cine. luunirmv, it.t.tl. jU A.U V ESTICK. Ttnttm tViAvnnohiw aM.rl . -w-weas,j ciauiwumweryiiDO or ftomor, and restores the entire ernlem to a noalihii aah1 a Vegetine. DRUGGIST'S REPORT. H. B. 8TSVXN8: Dear Sir : We have been selling vour "Veg etine" for the past eighteen mouths, aud we take pleasure in stating that in every case, to onr knswlAlini it hi. .1... . J tion. Respectfully. BUCK COWGILL,, Druggists, Hickman, Ky. Vegetine IS THE BEST SPRING JLEDICINE. . VEGETUTE. Prepared by II. It. STEVENS, Boston, Mass. C2PVEGETINE IS SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS. LEGAL NOTICKM. NOTICE. , - - - - "j h.wvu ww uuuer- Signed will, on Monday, October 7th, 1878, - nib viuuo vi rnftmw rfoaro 01 ly on coun ty, Kant. as, make final settlement of the es tate of bam u el Kobinson, deceased. , MAHLOS SXUBBS, t4. Administrator. NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that at the next reg ular session of the Board of County Commis sioners of Lyon county, Kansas, there will be presented to said board a petition praying for the vacation of Bancroft Avenue and Van street, both beinar streets in & Mrtiin .awm site known as Jay's addition to the City of t" wuimi hiu town site is improved and not embraced within the corporate limits of an incorporated city. WILLIAM JAY. A. 8. TANDY, g-t . W. H. H. WOOD, by Uw! r,. SHERIFF'S SALE. District Court, Fifth Judicial District, Lyon county, Kansas. G. R. Haunter va. J . Plrnnm. By virtne of an order of sale, issued out of tne umtrici umrt sitting within and for the county of Lyon, and state of Kansas, in the 01 Emporia. Lyon county, Kansas, offer tor sal at public auction to the highest bidder for cashT the following described real estate, to-wit: Lots Mos 15, 19 and 17, in block atTin the town f Neosho RapiUs. Lyon eouaty. Kansas. Said real estate will be sold as the property of the defendant, to saUUfy (aid order of sale. Sheriff's office. An rust 23d, 1878 B. riS IKWLV, Under Sheriff. M-tt Acting Sheriff Lyon Co., Kas. SHERIFF'S SALE. District Court, Fifth Judicial District, Lyon county. Kansas. S. L. Sargent, sw. II. D. Curtis, t at. ' By virtne ot an order of sale, issued oat l the District Court of Lyon county, in the above entitled cause. I w,ll, on Monday, the 80th day of September, 1878, at 10 o'clock a. m., at the front door of the court house in tne city of Emporia- Lyon county, Kansas, offer for sale at public auction to the highest bidder for cash, the following described real estate, towit! Commencing at the norta west corner of the sonth.west quarter ot sec tion twenty-nine, township nineteen, range twelve; thence running east sixty rods: thenee tooth one hnndered and sixty rods; thence west sixty rods; thence north one hundred andsixty rods, to place of beginning, containing sixty acres in Lyon county, Kan sas. . Said real estate will be sold as the mn oi the defendants, H 1. Curtis, tt tu- to sat sfv said order of sale. Sheriff's omee, Anrast 86th, 1878. -B.F. LftWUi, Acting Sheriff 85-6t Lyon county, Kansas Sheriffs Sale. In Lvon mtintr. K&naaa- IticM rvw... Inha WlirMn. J a. T .! . j . " By virtue of an order of sale issued out ef ----wau. v. jj v. wuufcT, avansas. in the above entitled cause, I will, 00 Tues day, October 16th, 1878, at ten a'ckock a. m . at the frpnt door of the court bouse im Es pona, Lyon coontv, Kansas, oiler tor sale at public auction to. the hjKhest bidder tor ease the following described real estate, to-wit -The undivided half of southeast quarter sec tion, sixteen, and north half northeast quar ter, and northeast quarter northwest quarter ceetioB twenty-one, all in township nineteen, range twelve. Also, east half section twenty-three and southeast quarter section twen. ty-two, both is township twenty-ose, range twelve. Also northeast quarter and east half northwest quarter section twenty-four, town ship twenty, range twelve, ail ia Lyon eses. tv, Kansas. Said real estate to be so'd a the Sronerty ef aaid deiendant to catnfv said or ex of sale. tt, B. LOWE. Sheriff . . Lyon county, Kansas'. ' nrBLISHED XVEBY FRIDAY AT EMPORIA, LYON C0UNTTT KAN. BY STOTLEK A GBAHAX, . Terms $ 3.00 per Tear, in Advsunoe. ATTORNEYS. 'AT BtrCC L B. KXIAOSO. BUCK 4V KELLOGG, ATTORNEYS AT LA W, Kmporia, 'fflce in Newt block. HEXKY A. BULKY, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. 99 Naasau St., Mew ork City. C ollections promptly made in all parts of the East sn a general Kgal bntlnss transacted. 48-tf aj-jsiaia billxtt "m.. roaox. GIXLLTT l FORDE, ATTOKNl 3 At LAW. Emporia, Kansas. Office front room in Eakrldge building. F. P. PAYNE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office, corner of Commercial 8. and Fourth Ave. BUGOLBS, SCOTT LYXN, ATTORNEYS AT T. A W Will .! i all the State and Federal Courts. O. B. SACHtLLSB. B. at. IACUUII. BACHELLER A BACHELLIJL uPFSH AT. H1-'- Owtr First Na tlonal Bank, Emporia, Kas. O. X . BTKBRT. y. x . lIDfiWICI . S TERRY A SEDGWICK, ATTORVPTS ATI.. W V . 1. wr will practice in the several Courts oi Lyon, n-. oiiiaiwuw, nase. narvev. Marion, and Morris eounties-Kansas : la the r- w omiw. uu 111 LUO Str eral Courts for the District ot Kansas. S. W. CUNNINGHAM. W . T. M'OAltt CU.M.UHAJ A MCCARTY, win 1 ? .w, Emporia, Kansas. Wilt practice in all the State antf Federal Courts. Office in Nawa block. PHYSICIANS. .-- DR. W. W. K1BBEN, OFFICE Oyer Dnnlap A Go's. Bank. J. W. TBI'VWnBTirv w r Kansas. -nanpona. J. J- WEIGHT, K. D nrrirn a.pim t . . ... , . uwbn Tins. JteSA dene on West street. . J OILS A.. -MOOSE, PHYSICLAN AND SURGEON. Office at "rn otore, wo. low commercial St. SURGEONS AHOXXOPATHIC PHYSICIANS. ", s b HaKBUBN, 1SS Com mercial street, west side, between t and 6th avenues. L. D. JACOBS, M. D, OFFICE la Parley Ryder's drug store. D1L-9. Z. MEDDEN, HOMEOPATHIU PHYfimiAW nn.t. of Berlin, Prussia. Office, over L D. Fox tt Co's. bookstore. Commercial St. Entrance to stairway oetween LntS's hardware store and Butler Co's. srrocerr store. Traata all acute and chronio diseases, and make a spe cially of eye and ear diseases; also, asthma mum Miiv.i unuum, sua sua aueases incident to women and children. PHTBTCTAW AVI) Rnsnsinv Clapp's boot and shoe store in Union block, DBS. LAWRENCE A LAWRENCE, DB. I . a. LAWBKNOK. I DB.TINKIX 8. LAWXKNCI Oculist and Aurlst. I Obstetrics and Diseasa 8-tf j of Women . MISCELLANEOUS. BARWICK.'S LIVERY STABLE, ON Seventh ave., first stables east of Com mercial St. Charges moderate. L. H. ANDERSON, MTTSIC TEACHER, with I. D. Fox Co. Instruction given on piano and organ . , PHOTOGRAPHIC. PAGE makes ail kinds and sixes ot Pio- , ... kv HIJ UMUOD Ml DUO Pictures ef residences, landscapes, teams, Ac Entrance to gallery first door south of Wicks A Rannata wawkn-. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. S AVIS' STABLES, HES H. DAVIS. - - pROPRiitTrm Fourth Avenue, Hear Court Houe, Only First-class Bigs. EMPORIA, KAS. T7IBANK BIcCAIN, Plain and Ornamental Plasterer! Emporia, Kansas. Materials furnished and work done on short notice in the best manner. Jjl W. SPENCER, DRUGGIST AND CHEMIST, Council Grove, "'nnins PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES At Moderate Prices. mHE BEST BRICK I ave now on hand and for sale 160,000 brick. mi uvsb uvor uuuio in jyon county. CnEAP for Cash! Also, a large supply of No. 1 pressed brick, cheap for cash. Apply at the old brick yard, or address A. 8. POLLARD. J3HIL. J. HERMAN, at ANCPAOTuaia of SADDLES AND HARNESS! A Good Stock always on hand at Lowest Prices. Repairing Done Neatly and Cheap. Q P. THGIH, Boot and Shoe Maker. AH kinds of Foot Wear made to order fn the best sty le . Repairing prom ptly attended to. Shop on west side of Commercial St., a few doors south of 6th avenue, EMPORIA, KAN8A8. O TEAM POWER WOOD WORKING FACTORY Flans and specifications lor alt kinds ot buildings furnished. I ship ia my lumber, and can give low figures on all contracts. factory and shop on Commercial Street. Just north ot Seventh Avenue, Emporia. Give me a calL JC F. SPRAOUX. gCHANZE'S SHOP. Having employed the best horse sheer in Kansas, and moved my blacksmith shop to the building lately occupied by Samuel Jonas, ON SIXTH AVENUE, -I have the best Blacksmith and Wagon shop in Emporia. All work done in the very best manner. Horse shoeing a specialty. Give me a call. M-tf JOHN BCHANZE. -yJ C. SPENCER, CARPENTER AND BUILDER Shop on Sixth avenue, near the old Madison House, EMPORIA, KANSAS. All kinds or wood work done on short no tice and at reasonable rates. Call and see me whenever yon want any thing done ia the way of carpenter work and building. B RICK. GOOD BRICK CHEAP POR CASH! We have sow on hand over one hundred and fifty thousand FIBST-CLASS BRICK, and still snaking thousands more. We offer them for sale as cheap as good brick can be bought anywhere. . Brick work done In good shape, CHEAP, and os sbortaoUoe. Soiijiiikbt t Fors. "yiNDSOR HOTEL, Renovated and Re-furnished; J. Gardner, Pbofbietob. Opposite the A, T. A 8. P. Depot, EMPORIA, KAS, Largest Hotel and best Sample Room In tha city. Terms reasonable. Baggage transfer red from Santa Fe depot to sample room free of charge. Y1- B. LOWE, Central Lirery, M and Sale StaWes The most EzrzMSivx ESTABLlSfmnrr ia Southxbn Kins as. Double and single teams, with the best and nicest carriages and buggies in the city, ready stall times. Also, saddle horses for ladies and gentlemen. Buys and sells horses, boggle and ear. risrijs. Especial attention given to boarding hones the week. TTEATEB BILL, n In TT.Iwl. a. V - . WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS EMPORIA, KAN. Cor. Commercial St. and 4th Are. ; cxir a tull irrrtr or wurxa, LiQcoaa, - AMD CIOABS. OLD COPPER DISTILLED Kentucky Bourbon and Rye Whiskies. Wfll duplicate all Leavenworth, Kansas City, St. Louis, or Chicago bills. - WEAVER BILL. BOSTON, . . UlAIi ESTATE AGENT i i Kanporiav - - Pays Taxes, redeems lands sold for tut. Will notify parties amount ot taxeme . . .1111. w . nmtmj . Send New York exchange or P. O. order, Tax Sionm ninr r smu iua o ' Unclose stamp, description of lands and poet . oOice a U. te Seal Estate bought v td on i o;c mission. CaQ or addn- ' , - .. 3 ' " E. BKTOX,' ' . XapoTia, Ljoa Co., Kansas- '