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The Emporia news. [volume] (Emporia, Kan.) 1859-1881, September 20, 1878, Image 1

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State Historical Society
State vs. Bancroft
tVe continue our report of the Ban
croft trial from Inst week, giving a full
statement of the testimony substantially
as given by the witnesses. Thursday
morning Dr. Wright mia recalled. Tes
tified that be was one of the committee
appointed in March, 1877, to make de
mand of defendant. Couldn't state de
mand in words ; substance was 'a demand
by Crkhton asking defendant for money.
WitnetM and Crichton informed him
they-hml been? appointed byN hoard to
wait on him and find amount of land
sold and receive the money. Crichton
made the demand in witness's presence.
Cross examination Did not state this
yesterday; don't know why; was aaked
by counsel to state all that occurred;
Crichton and Gillett spoke to me about
it. Witness repeated at request of coun
sel what occurred at the " interview re
ferred to; couldn't give the demand in
words, but rernemberoU the fact ff the
demand. :
iCe-direct examination: This state
ment is true though not stnted yesterday.
Itccollection as to correspondence is that
it was not obtained at first , interview;
Saturday morning preceding-, the Mer
chant's hotel meeting, another demand
was made.
Cross examination: The second de
mand was after Crichton'S' return from
Salina. Bancroft had given witness a
report (under circumstances already
stated) ; promised to place the report be
fore the board ; showed it to Crichton as
a memler of the board. Witness and
Crichton called on Bancroft on their
own motion; not officially exactly,
though land committee had not been for
mally discharged; wanted to get infor
formation as to the true state of things.
Re-direct: Am secretary and treasur
er of the board, and was then ; if Ban
croft had paid money at that time would
have received it ; receive all
from the present agent,
moneys
tmss examination: went there on
our own motion to obtain information
for the benefit of the board, and on board
business.
In the course of this testimony Judge
ltuggles said, for the defense, that with
all due deference to the court, they had
striven in vain for a clean cut ruling as
to what was admissible in testimony.
The court remarked, that with all due
deference to the counsel, there had been
more frivolous objections raised in this
suit than in any that bad ever been tried
lefore him.
J. II. Crichton was recalled and said:
Made a demand on Bancroft for mon
ey on or about April 18th,- 177 ; asked
for money received, and got all he said
he had ; made demand also after return
from Salina; last time did not make a
demand in exact language, but in lan
guage that would be a demand in law,
On cross examination the witness re
peated what occurred at these interviews
substantially as ho had given it, after
which the prosecution rested and evi
dence for the defense began to be intro
duced. IIANCKOKT'8 TKST1MOXY.
E. P. Bancroft sworn : The plat re
port was identified as collection of pa
lers made by him. Wrote also the pa
per attached (summary of his sales at
time of report.) Plats are a correct re
port with exception of clerical errors;
sold lands named in plats as agent ; re
ceived on them the amounts stated
therein, except slight deductions for ex
change; paid a portion of the money
to Dr. Wright, member of the board;
could not state the amouut from memo
ory; reference to memeranda showed
1,400.94 principal, and 941.02 interest
totaL3.830.lW, Keruembared Interview;
with Wright and Crichton April 18,
1877; there was not nearly as much
said with regard to the matter then as
at the interview with Wright alone.
Wright and Crichton came to office of
witness, said they had called for a state
ment regarding Normal school lands,
before promised when licfore the board
ofltegents; witness gave them a memo
rundum of certain lands sold and the
amount of money received for them.
Crichton asked witness if he had books
and papers relating to Normal school
lands; said he had, and produced all he
had a roll of plats purjorting to come
from the government and a little memo
randum Dook; was not provided by
board with book3; used ruled sheets of
paper. Wright said he was authorized
to receive money arising from sale of
lands; witness said he was willing to
pay it, and did pay the amount stated in
the reort given at that time; this was
practically all that took place ; nothing
was said by Crichton about revoking
agency or about parties paying interest
after that time to any other person.
Statement to Crichton and Wright at
that time did not embrace tracts as
shown by plat report ; was unable then
to turn over all the money he had re
ceived ; made the memorandum correct
ly so far as particular pieces themselves
went, of as much as he could then ac
count for.
Suestlon : What design, expectation,
intention had yon then of replacing
the money on land sold and not stat
ed in memorandum ? Question object
ed to as incompetent. Debate ensued.
Gillett: This might be a question for
the court in fixing the degree of crime,
but the question of intention to replace
money waa not competent aa evidence.
Ruggles: The question was as to the
intent with which the action of taking
the money was done. If there was no
intention to commit crime, no crime
was committed. If Bancroft had used
every dollar and had replaced it in his
own money In a day or a week, he would
not be liable. If at that time or at any
other time, Bancroft had reasonable
ground for expecting the money replace
ed, that fact should go to the jury, whose
province it waa to determine whether
Bancroft's explanation, waa reasonable
or not.
Gillett : The defendant couldn't now
go on and tell what he intended to do,
when at this time he has admitted mak
ing a false statement. The gist of the
offense is in the refusal to pay over the
money. The offense was committed
when false statement was made, for just
as mnch as he ought to have paid over
and did not. Had never heard of a rase
of embezzlement without intention to
replace. The intent to embezzle had
been proven from the mouth of the wit.
ness, and he la ctcppad in law from
making statement aa to his intent to re
place. That does not in the slightest
degree reduce the crime.
Lynn: Prosecution has introduced
evidence to prove Bancroft's evil intent ;
if objection is sustained we are debarred
from showing that he had no criminal
intent.
Gillett cited authority (Bishop -861-
861) to the effect that if servant keeps a
true account he cannot ordinarily be
convicted for embezzlement- It is es.
sential .that there should be denial ef
having money, false entry or refusal to
pay. Offense is committed when false
entry is made. What was done could
pot be undone by subseauent evidence.
Lynn i The question of sufficiency of
evmcum as jur me jury, not the pourt.
Defendant is not arranged for falsehood.
Facta of his making false statement does
not debar him from stating facts in jus
tification thereofr .-
Itugglea t All are agreed that the mere
tact ot using money aoes not constitute
embezzlement Intent must be r roved
in aome way, and defense propose to oti
fer evidence to show that Bancroft's true
intent 5 why he did report correctly.
Davis: Gil let has stated law in rase
correctly. Point is important, result of
the case depends much on the ruling of
me cuun. uuiuup says em oezziement 18
not an onense requiring special evidence
of intent. 10th Gray 173. ia authority
in point. Bancroft state reception and
fraudulent conversion of money, and is
estopped In law from showing intent af
ter showing misappropriation did take
place. When wa prove purpose for
which money was received and conver
sion of money to his use the crime is
proven., . mien uv Biaieu mat mm r-
andum given contained a full report of
wc, me wrongi ui conversion did take
place.. Intent must run through all
primes, but in case in point, conversion
carriea intent wipi it. Cifed authority
VOL,. 21.
stating that "embezzlement is a larceny
agravatoa by a violation ot trust." 1 he
law as to the conversion con ve vine the
fact of intent is high law, but is intended
to cut on an legal quibbling and all el
forts to defeat the ends of justice.
THURSDAY AFTERKOON.
The court sustained the objection to
the question as to Bancroft's Intention to
refund the money, on the ground that it
is comiieteut only to show the intent of
the-crune. ills honor cited authorities
in support of this position.
"Bancroft's testimony continued : Ques
tion State fully and every reason you
had why, April 18th, 1877, you did not
include in the statement to Wright and
Crichton ail the amount of lands shown
in plat report. Witness crave reasons
1st; A large amount of lands described
in plat were not sold at that time. 2nd ;
a. portion 01 the money received from
time to time in small amounts, had been
deposited . to my credit, together with
other monies ; a portion of it was refused
by the State Treasurer, it having been
offered to him, and was retained by me ;
other portions of it had been used by me,
and at that time was unable to replace
it. At that time my financial condi
tion . Objection. , Ruling ty ' the
court that any statement as to bis finan
cial condition or prospective ability was
incompetent. Counsel for defense offer
ed to prove by defendant's, and other
competent testimony, that at the time
Iamui report was maue to ngnt and
Crichton,- he had debts due him to the
amount of between two and three thou
sand dollars, which he expected to be
immediately paid, and that he had made
arrangements fur a loan upon, his prop
erty ot $4,000 more, both whicl amounts,
or aa much thereof as necessary, he ex
pected to at once turn over to the proper
authorities. Objected to as not Droner
evidence, and objection sustained. Wit
ness said statement attached to plat re
port was a summary of all lands therein
sold ; in those is included certain dis
puted State lands, section 6. 13. 1. w. and
section 17, 13, 3 w, 1,280 acres. State
ment also includes lands sold alter April
18th. 1877. Could not tell how manv
acres without going over plats and foot
ing it up. The two sections of State
1 ind sold after April 18th, 1877. Coun
sel called attention to interview between
W right and Bancroft, at the latter' of
fice.- Wright called -at defendant's re
quest. Defendant could not state the
exact day, but his recollection varied
several days from Dr. Wright's ; should
say at least a week earlier; not far from
middle of February, 1878. Delivered the
piat- report at that time. Told Wright
the circumstances connected with the
matter, substantially as related by him,
only a little more fully. Had begun to
make these plats from accounts keDt on
sheets of paper of sales and receipts in
December previous, working them up
as time would permit intended to pre
sent them to him as a full, complete and
accurate statement of every acre of land
sold. 3Vright asked defendant if he had
not already made a full report; defend
ant said he had not said so, but that
right might have interred that, and
probably did. Went on to tell Wright
that in April preceding had every reason
to believe and did believe that within
two or three months at farthest, should
hi able to account for the entiie amount.
Wright asked why defendant had not
placed money in State Treasurer's hands
rom time to time? Replied that a por
tion of that time Sam Lappin was Treas
urer, and would not willingly place any
money in his hands, as he had already
defrauded him of 2,000 or $3,000. While
1 lays was treasurer he had declined to
received interest money. Also told him
that from time to time had informed some
members of the lold board that a few
pieces of land were being sold ; that no
notice had ever been taken of it by board,
all of which made him much more care
less than he otherwise would have leeu.
Wisness stated further that he had ljcen
disappointed in expectations had in the
spring ; that it had been impossible to
sell property and collect debts. Ban
croft then made statement of his financial
resources to Wright, asked him to have
a meeting of the lioard called. Was in
formed that-a special meeting would le
held soon, and defendant told Wright he
would lie present and state to the loard
just what he had stated to him... Inform
ed v right that the matter could be ar
ranged so that the institution would re
ceive as large an amount of interest as it
could in any other way, and the princi
pal in two years. Did not know at that
time that Crichton was engaged in the
examination of Normal school lands.
Bancroft then testified as to the interview
ut whic h Crichton and Wright were both
present. Said he made substantially the
same statement as at conversation with
Wright, only less fully. Nothing was
said by Crichton at that time as to de
manding money or papers. Crichton
told defendant that he had been to Sa
lina and found that Major Burke had
been crooked, and wished him to look
over correspondence with him, and tee
what coujd be found JkVent into pri
vsto office and examined files of letters
for perhnps half an hour. Crichton took
fourteen of Burke's letters; wanted to
take them to hotel to make some memo
randum ; promised to return them, but
never has. On April 18th, 1877. defend
ant paid Wright all the money he had in
his possession belonging to the Normal
school ; perhaps not to a dollar, but near
ly so. Went down to parlor of Mer
chants Hotel on the evening of March
2nd, 187(J. Found but one or two mem
bers of board present. Some one. nrob.
aoiy -uuruoca, saiu uiey nao not come
yet. Asked witness to come back in an
hour. When he returned found board in
session, Murdock presiding. Witness
here related Murdock's remark about
..t-i r , . .
criminating himsel, and stated his reply
and substance of the interview aaliefore
given. Neither the Treasurer of the
State of Kansas, or any Derson for him
or authorized by hiiiL,jitt4 ever mada .de
mand oi witness tor money. Could not
tell what lands were embraced in money
paid to Wright and Crichton. Think it
embraced lands sold last, prior to April
18lh, 1877. Could determine exactlv hv
memorandum at his office. fCourt ad.
journecl to allow witness to find such
data.)
In about an hour the case waa resum
ed and Bancroft's testimony continued.
tiau searcnea ior memorandum desired
but was unable to find it. Has made to
n right other Daymen ta of monev.
amounting to about $1,500, in addition
to the $2,800. L to March 15. 1876,
hod received no money which had then
on hand arising from the sale of Normal
school lands. Defendant said at the
time he used the several sums of money
named in plat report he never intended
to defraud the state of Kansas or the
state Normal school; always intended
to return the same. Has ever since, and
does now intend to return them. Has
done so as fast as he possibly could. At
tempt was here made to introduce evi
dence as to defendant's- financial! condi
tion ana reasons for bis failure 4o pay
moner. vt Objected to, objection sustain
ed.) Witness said Crichton never made
any demand upon him for money.
CROSS EXAMINATIOX.
Had stated that he had sold lands, to
Prof. Hoss, to II. C. Cross and, he
thought. Prof. Pomeroy. a Only conver
sation he recollected with Pomeroy was
on the" aide walk In Tront "bf ' postomce.
Could not fix tha date, but knew it was
soon after the organization of the board
or regents. Prof. Pomeroy accosted him
and said he had been continued as agent.
Talked for perhaps ten minutes. He
asked defendant's opinion as to the sale
ot lands; asked if there was any demand
for lands. - Defendant said -there' was:
Some were in counties having a nerd
law. There was greater demand for
mem mere wan elsewhere. Defendant
slated to Pome.rov he had sold w.vnil
tracts of the land. . Didnt specif any
number.' Used the term several. Pom
eroy did not ask what he had done with
the money. This waa shortly after Pom
eroy's appointment as secretary of the
board. Could not state the year without
consulting the record. Stated to Craoa
once in his bank while he was memhor
j of board, once in front of his bank, that
J ho had .sold several tracts. .Thought
conversation in -bank was in- r
11875, before the conversation with Pom
eroy. The next conversation, was in
m
lie
1875. Didn't specify any number of
1 . i . f . 1 ' v-
tracts usea tue term iew or c t-rui.
one was present at conversation with
Pomeroy : none immediately near when
talking with Cross. Didn't remember
when Prof. Hoss lea the Normal. Per
haps in 1874. The resident members of
the old board were . u. niggs, 11. Ban
croft and defendant. Neither Hoss or
Cross were members of the old board
In interview at Bancroft's office Wright
and Crichton did not say that they
were there as a committee to demand
money, but to receive report of proceed
ings. Had a memorandum prepareu.
Dr. Wright or some member ot the board
had asked that it be made. Had some
intimation of the committee being ap
pointed to wait on him. Had prepared
the report previous to their going there.
Could not tell what tracts were embraced
in it. Thought he begun at that time
and reported backwards. Did not re
member reporting any forfeited lands.
Did not remember any names of purchas
ers. Reported backward because that
was the money he had to pay over. The
Patrick Hall land was reported. Didn't
remember stating that one tract was ior
feited or that interest was due and paid
on one tract. Had no means of knowing
how many acres of land were reported
sold, at that time. Reported sufficient to
cover the amount of money on hand.
The only reason for reporting backward
was because that would naturally be the
money he had. Witness was asked a
.! 1. . . , , , J
question regaruing ine puDiisneu report
of 1872, referred to in Riggs testimony.
Lively discussion ensued as to whether
or not this question could be asked in
cross-examination, and it was finally ex
cluded. The purpose of the question
was to show that while he at that time
reported no lands sold, in fact four
pieces had been sold. Witness said he
stated that he didn't deposit money be
cause of Sam Lappin to Wright in his
office, possibly to Wright and Chrichton,
and at the hotel meeting of the board.
Thought Lappin was in office about a
year. Was not in office April 18, 1877.
Could 't tlx dates. Stated to Wright that
Hayes had refused to receive interest
money. Had never tendered him money
but parties who owed interest had done
so. Knew of it by letters from them.
Had never reported to state treasurer any
lands sold or moneys received. Did not
rememoer that Crichton ordered him
not to sell any more lands on account of
the intention to reappraise them. Never
Knew lands were to be reappraised until
the spring of 1878. Did not remember
that Crichton asked him at Merchants
Hotel meeting whether he had not staQrl
to Crichton and Wright that his first
report was a correct one at the time of
making it. Remembered Crichton
asking how they were to believe this
(plat report) to be a full report. Remem
bered Crichton reading off list of sales.
Did not say at that meeting that he had
made, those sales, but said he did not
have data to determine. Thought he
could by reference to memoranda tell
aliout sales of forfeited lands. Did make
full report March 2, 1878, of all transac
tions to the board with the explanation
that he gave then. Explained that lands
sold twice on which purchasers had for
feited their rights were not included in
report. Had not examined the informa
tfon filed to any extent, or the exhibit
attached to it. Could not state amount
of moneys which had been received on
lands forfeited. Answer would be the
merest guess in the world. Had memo
randum ot them which he had been
ready to produce at any time since
April 18, 1877. Subsequent payments
to Dr. Wright about $2,500. Produced
receipts which were read as follows:
April 18, 1877. Principal $2,148,90. In
terest, 07.G8. Total. $2,828.08. June
5, 1877, $45.07. July 16, $168.00. July
ill. A AA tw. ... . . . J .i -. .
t-tiu.iw. xtov. .w, l,o34.iu. receipts
compared with Dr. Wright's record as
treasurer and found to correspond. Was
asked if on April 23, 1877, he sold land
to Frederick Yungle and received there
for $100,80. Admitted that he had. Was
asked what he did with the monev.
Thought it must have been included in
nrst receipt. Was shown that that re
ceipt was dated April 18, 1877, five days
before. Didn't thrnk it could have been
paid then to Dr. Wright at all. Didn't
tender it to Dr. Wright or send it to
stam treasury, lie was then asked if he
had on June 20, 1870, sold land to
Emmanuel Throne, and received thereon
$70. Objected to. because this land was
sold after the revocation of Bancroft's
agency, hence there was no prosecution
thereon. Prosecution claimed the right
to introduce it on the ground that Ban
croft had sworn that if at any time he
had been able to pay the money would
have done so. Proposed to prove that
since April 19, 1867, he had received
over $2,000 of which he had not paid a
single cent. Question decided admissi
ble, and defendant said he did not pay
it io rigiii or siaie treasurer.
FRTDAT MORNING.
Cross-examination was continued for
same purpose as before, with reference
to various tracts of land defendant be
ing interrogated with reference to his
disposition of the money he received for
each as follows :
M. Hawker. Jt42. Paid to
Dr. Wright.
Nov. 20, 1877. Patrick Hall, . Paid
to Dr. Wright.
June 16, 1877.-JOS. Arnold. 112.
Paid to Dr. Wright.
Dec. 10. 2877. Martin Johnson. 54.
Did not pay to treasurer.
Dec. 20, 1877. J. W. Burks, . Did
not pay to treasurer.
Nov. 10, 1877. J. W. Burks, $58,39.
Paid to Dr. Wright.
June 12, 1877. M. A. Phillips, $480.
Did not pay to treasurer.
J une 13, 1877. 31. A. Phillips, $13553.
uiu oui pay w treasurer.
Oct. 10, 1377. M. A. Phillips, $58.
Did not pay to treasurej.
J une 25. 1877.-J. W. Aldna. JS.'ifi PniH
to Dr. Wright.
June tfth, 1877. P. B. Matthew. 108.
Did not pay to treasurer.
Sept 6th, 1877. H. Shank, $112.50.
Did not pay to treasurer.
uct 13d, 1877. John D. Bean, $100.20.
Did not pay to treasurer.
Dec. 20th, 1877 John W. Burke, four
payments aaioiiows: 0-i.O, SHMKi, 56 ;
fji-u, wuicu aeienaam said he had
made arrangements to return to Burke,
bdt had not done so-as vet.'
July 18th, 1877. D. Hanson, $56. Did
not pay to treasurer.
- Jan. 19, 1878. Robert W. Lee, $56
Did not Oav to treasurer
Defendant thougnt he had the last pay
ment on hand when he made the last re
port, but did not know certainly that he
had. Did not pay it because not request
ed to do so. Sale made about thirty
,1 .. 1 C .1 . . ,. . J
uaja uciure me report was delivered.
Is Hand. An eauable temner ia
greatly to be admired. The man or wo
man who always has himself or herself
wen in hand, who is cool under all an
noyances and circumstances, who has
absolute control of the temper, we" are
always willing to trust in any emegency.
Bat a person who flashes like powder
touched by a lighted match, who loses
control oi mmseir or. herself upon the
slightest provocation, we distrust and
have a right to do so. In the battle of
lire, he who would ' achieve victories
must keep a cool head. And this mat
ter is largely under our control.
A Typographical Feat. .
The public printer boasts that the gov
ernment pnnungomce at Washington
is tha only typographical Institution in
the world where such a typographical
complished: The revised statutes were
to be printed... Boutwell's manuscript
had been approved by Secretary Evarts,
- u Glutting
hours of the session, to the Senate com
mittee on revision of laws, of which
senator enristainc Is chairman, and it
waa tnougnt oest to nave a few copies
printed, so that the committee might ex
amine them at their leisure during the
recess of Congress.' The manuscript
waa given to the printers Wednesday
morning. On Saturday evening at 6
o'clock a huge octavo volume of four
teen hundred pages, printed, stitched.
mm whim a& tuu mil, waa utUlvcTeu tO
every mem per ot vxe committee, c
EMPORIA, KANSAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1878.
President Hates' Speech.
An
Interesting; Review of the Basin
Outlook.
Facta and Fiirnrea Given at the Minne
sota' State Fair, at St. Paul.
Feuxw-Citizens of Minnesota : I
wish to make my sincere acknowledge
ments to the Governor of Minnesota,
Gov. Pillsbury; to the Mayor of St Paul,
Mayor Dawson ; to the President of the
Minnesota State Agricultural society,
Mr. George French, and to those associ
ated with them', and to the people of
this state whom they represent, tor their
kind and generous welcome, l Know
very well that nothing I can do or say
will be a fitting and adequate return for
your kindness, but I honestly desire to
say something touching the material in
terests of the country which will tend at
least., to encourage those who need en
couragement, and give increased hope to
those who are already hopeful. The
most interesting questions in public af
fairs which now engage the attention of
the people ot the United States are those
which relate to the financial condition
of the country. Since the financial panic
and collapse five years ago capital and
labor and business capacity have found
it hard to get profitable employment.
We have had what is commonly and
properly known as hard times. In such
times men naturally ask. What can be
done ? How long is this stagnation of
Dusiness to last ? Are mere any iarts
which indicate an early return to better
times ?- I wish to ask your attention for
a few minutes while I present some
facts and figures which show a progres
sive improvement in the financial con
dition of the general government. It
will be for you to consider what infer
ences may fairly be drawn as to their
bearing on the question of a revival of
business prosperity throughout the
country. The financial condition of the
government of the United States is
shown by its debt, its receipts and ex
penditures, the currency, and the state
of trade with foreign countries. Let us
consider the present state of the public
debt.
The ascertained debt reached its high
est point soon after the close of the war,
in August, lSbo, and amounted to $2,
757,689,571.43. In addition to this, it
was estimated that there was enough un
adjusted claims against the government
of unquestioned validity to swell the to
tal debt to $3,000,000,000. How to deal
with this great burden was one of the
gravest questions which pressed for de
cision as a result of the war. It will be
remembered that in important speeches
and in the public press the opinion was
confidently declared that the debt could
never be paid ; that great nations never
did pay their war debt ; that our debt
would be Ike that ot England perma
nent and a burden upon ourselves and
onr posterity for all time. Some advo
cated and many feared repudiation.
There were those who thought a national
debt was a national blessing. Fortun
ately, however, the eminent gentleman
at the head of the treasury, Mr. Hugh
McCulloch. did not hold these views.
He believed, and the people believed,
that the debt was not a blessing, but a
burden, and that it ought to be, and
could be honestly paid. The policy
adopted was to reduce the debt, and
thereby strengthen the public credit, So
as 16 refund the debt at lower rates of in
terest. And now I give you the results.
The debt has been reduced until now it
is only $2,035,580,324.85. This is a re
duction, as compared with the ascer
tained debt thirteen years ago, of $722,
109,246.58. More than one-Fourth of the
debt has been paid off in thirteen years.
If we compare the present with the actu
al debt thirteen years ago placing the
actual debt at three billions the reduc
tion amounts to one billion, or one-third
of the total debt. Thus it has been de
monstrated that the United States can
and will pay the national debt. Encour
aging as are these facts, they do not fully
show the progress made in relieving the
country from the burden of its war debt.
All who have to borrow monev to carrv
debts know the importance of the ques
tion of interest.
The total amount of interest-bearin?
debt at the time it reached its highest
point, the 31st of August 1865, was as
follows :
Four per cent bonds $618,127 08
Kive percent bonds Mn.i7K.T97 as
Six per cent bonds 1,064,712,379 83
Seven three-tenths United
States notes 830,000,000 00
Compound interest notes, 6 per
ZVI,UZ4,1CU 00
Total interest-bearinir debt2Jisi .xan u aa
Total annual interest charge
wuuuuwu (U mU,V4l,Vlin 84
This was an oppressive burden. For
interest alone we were paving more than
double the total current expenses of the
government in any year of peace prior
to the war for the Union. With such a
burden for interest it is not strange that
many believed that the debt could never
be paid. But, as we have seen, a better
opinion prevailed. Those who believed
that by strengthening the national credit
the rates of interest might be reduced
were sustained by the public judgment.
The ability and the purpose to pay the
debt, according to its letter and spirit.
were uemonstratea. it was seen that
the successful management of the debt
depended on the rates of interest to be
paid ; that a reduction of 1 per cent on
our whole interest-bearing debt would
oe a yearly saving in interest of over
$20,000,000: that a reduction of 2 per
cent in the rate of interest would save
the country over $40,000,000,000, which
is the interest at 4 per cent on 1.000.-
000,000.
The policy of reducing the debt, and
thereby strengthening the public credit,
having been adopted, let us observe the
result in the present condition of the
public debt, with respect to interest.
The total interest-bearing debt, Aug. 1,
1878, was as follows:
Throe percent. Navy pension fund $14 000.000
Kour per cent, bonds 113 850,000
Four and-a-halr percent S48 00O.0O0
Five per cent 70SS6S,6SO
oix per cents. 733,fittiso
Total present interest bearing
debt. 1,809,577,900
The interest on which amounts to the
sum of$95,181,007.40 per annum. It thus
appears that in 13 years the interest
bearing debt has been reduced from $2,
381,530,29.496 to $1,809,677,900. a train
in the amount of the interest-bearing
debt of $571,852,394.96. The reduction
of the annual interest charge is $55,796,
690.34, or more than 50 per cent, of what
we,now pay. If the reduction of annual
interest were placed in a sinking fund at
4 per cent, interest, it would pay off the
whole debt in less than 25 years.
There has been another gratifying and
important improvement in the state of
the public debt. A few years ago our
uonus were largely owned in foreign
countries. It is estimated that in 1ft7t
from $800,000,000 to $1,000,000,000 were
neiu aoroaa. we then paid from $50,
000,000 to $60,000,000 annually in Eu
rope for interest alone. Now the bonds
are held mainly in onr own country. It
is estimated that five.sixths of them are
held in the United States and only one-
Biiui auroau. instead oi paying to for
eiarners S5O.00O.0OTt w nnv nan- hcrn
only about $12,000,000 or $15,000,000 a
year, and the interest on the debt is
mainly paid to our own citizens. It ap
pears from what has been shown that
since the close of the war, since the pan
ic of five years ago, there has been a
great change in the condition .of the
debt. The change has been one of im
provement. ,
j 1. The debt has been greatly : reduced.
2. The interest to "be paid has been
largely ainunisneo. . .-: i
S. And it is to be paid at home instead
of abroad. . ,
TAXATTOX. ' '
The burden of taxation has been 1 re
duced since 1866, the first year after the
war, as ioiiows: ine taxes in 1866 were
Custom ". tl79.0t8.e3l es -
Internal revenue 809,426,813 43 488,I75,65 00
Customs 130f 70690 10
Internal re-re Boe. llQ.5Sl.ttM 74 10 751,834 M
; Reduction of taxation since 1866:
4t7,S2ia30 06
TAXATION rax TXAB 09 TX rAKIO.
187S Customs 1188,089 521 ft)
Internal rsvenae. 118,72914 1
. - Total ..
1878
..t301818,S36 84
Bedactton tiacs tbepaaic... fgi.eee.cai so
EXPEXDrrCBES.
The expenditures have been reduced
since the end of the war as follows : "
1387 ExDenditures Inclndiiir
pensions and interest.. $357,542,675 16
tS78 SS8.964 826 80
Reduction of expenses ' . . 130 678 348 S
XrXNDITtTBBS THX TIAK OF TBI TANIO.
187S ;.. $20,84S.at5 83
1878 23S,8648 80
Reduction in five years $53,880,918 S3
THE CURRENCY.
The improvement in the currency
since the close of the war has been very
great. In 1865 the paper currency of the
country consisted of
Greenbacks . $438,767,604
National bank notes 176.218,955
Fractional currency 86,344,744
Old demand notes . . 402,966
Treasury notes, compound int.
notes State bank notes, estimated 100,000,009
Total. ..$735,719,286
Its value was 69 32-100 on the dollar
in coin, and tts total value in coin, was
$509,999,595 19. : i .
In 1878 our paper currency consists of
Greenbacks $346,681,016 00
National bank notes. .. 324 514,234 00
Fractional currency 16,647,768 77
Total... ... $087,143,408 77
Each dollar of paper currency is now
worth 99 cents in coin, and the total
value in coin of our paper currency is
more than $684,000,000.
The value of the paper dollar is as
staple as that of coin. Coin and paper
are practically abreast of each other.
The fluctuation in the value of the paper
dollar has not in the last five months ex
ceeded the fraction of a cent. The total
increase in the coin value of our paper
currency since 1865 is about $175,000,
000. -
Nothing connected with the financial
affairs of the Government is more inter
esting and instructive than the state of
trade with foreign countries. The ex
ports from the United States during the
year ending June 30, 1878, were larger
than during any previous year in the
history of the country. From the year
1863 to the year 1873 the net imports
into the United States largely exceeded
the exports from the United "States the
excess of imports ranging from $39,000,
000 to $182,000,000.
iiuring the years 1874 and 1875 the ex
ports and imports were about equal.
During the years ending June 80, 1876,
1877, 1878. however, the domestic ex
ports from the United States greatly ex
ceeded the net imports, the excess of ex
ports increasing rapidly' from year to
year. ' 1
ihis is shown as follows: - .
Tear ending
June 80.
187K ....:,
1877. :: ....
1878.
Excess of exports
over net imports.
$79 48.481
151,152 094
257.832,667
The total value of : exports from the
United States increased from $269389,900
in 1868. to $680,083,798 in 1878 an in.
crease of-$411,293,898, or X53 per cent.
me loiiowing ' table shows the princi
pal commodities, : die exportation of
which has greatly increased during the
last ten years : ' ' ', .
l'ear end's June 80.
Commodities.
Increase.
18G8.
1878.
Agricultural
implements.
Animals, live
11 re ail bread
$ 673.S81
$ 2.575,198
$ 1.901,817
783,335
5,844,6531
5,111,298
68,030,997
181.774.507
112,793,410
Iron and steel.
manuirs oi. .
Coal
Copper & brass
& mfrs of .
Cotton, mauu-
6389.439
12.084,018
2,359,467
8,078,349
11,483.628
,1,876,969
6,694.619
813,247
2,139,099
6,564,574
970,457
6,663,287
9,181,715
24,764,298
93,271,733
1,516,220
939.250
lact'rs ot
Fruit
Leather and j
mfr of i
4.871.054
406,512
1.414,872
2,913,448
21.R10 676
8.077.659
Oil-cake
Coal-oil ft pe
6,09i,163
troleum
Provisions... i.
46.574.974
S0.27 8,253
128,549.98a
Total "'.
140,926,987' 403,826,601 262,899,614
The total increase in the value of agri-
cutural products exported from the
uniiea states in the year 1878 over the
exports of the year ending June 30,. 1868,
amounts to $273,471,283, or 86 per cent.
This is shown as follows :
Domestic exports of agricultural pro
ducts during the years ending June 30,
1868 $319,004,631
1878 692,475,818
Increase $273,471,282
Percentage ot Increase 86 per cent.
THE BALANCE OF TRADE.
The balance of trade against the Unit
ed States in the five years next before the
panic was as follows :
1869 ....$131,888,682 11872 182,417,491
1870 43,186,640 1873 119.056.288
1871.
.... 77,403,6061
Total in five yeais .
......$554,052,607
or an average of over $110,000,000 a year.
As we have already seen, the balance
of trade in the last three years in favor
of the United States is $488,582,539; or
an average of more than $160,000,000 per
year. The balance of trade the last year,
if compared with that of the two years
next before the panic, shows a gain in
favor of the United States in one year, of
over $400,000,000. ItMs not necessary
that I should dwell upon the importance
of this favorable state of the balance of
trade. Balances must be settled in cash
in the money of the world. The ex
periences of our business men reach out
to all parts of the world. Our agricultu
ral and manufactured products more and
more seek and find their markets in for
eign countries. The commerce of all
parts of the world, bound together more
than ever before by steamships, railroads
and telegraph, is so connected that it
must be conducted on the same princi
ples ana Dy ine same instrumentalities
by all who take part in it.
We cannot if we would, we should not
if we could, isolate ourselves from the
rest of the commercial world. In all our
measures for the improvement of our
financial condition we should remember
that our . increasing trade with South
America and with the Old . World re
quires that our financial system shall be
based on principles whose soundness and
wisdom are sanctioned by the universal
experience and the general judgment of
ail mankind. With diminished and still
diminishing ' public "burdens of debt, ex
penditures and interest, with an improved
condition of currency and foreign trade,
we may well hope that we are on the
threshold of better times. But we must
not forget that the surest foundation of a
restored financial prosperity is a sound
constitutional currency: anal unstained
national credit. ,
There is another interesting subject
that is worth giving attention to and I
think is eneonraging and full of hope.
The surplus populations of the Atlantic
slope of States are finding their way, as
they never have done before, to the beau
tiful states and territories of the West.
Applause. And what does that mean
it means relief to the East. The surplus
population that goes off gives a better
opportunity for employment of labor and
industry there, and in the new States they
are making their homes, and they are
furnishing them a market for their sup
plies from the old States, but it has more
than a double advantage. . There are
three advantages : It relieves the States ;
it furnishes a market to the old States,
and with their products in the new States
they help to swell the tide of exports to
the old countries. That is. what this
change of population means. You know
much more about it than I do. - You
hav lived here and seen it. . To-day, in
conversation with a very young gentle
man, Gov. Ramsey, of Minnesota -great
laughter and applause I thought some
of the people would be pleased to hear
me call him so young Laughter he
remembers, about thirty years ago, when
in this whole territory or Minnesota and
Dakota they, managed, by counting up
half-breeds, and all sorts of good count
ing, to make in the census 400 people.
Slaughter. In this town of St. Paul
ey perhaps had 150 inhabitants; down
at Minneapolis perhaps 50. - The precise
number in Minneseta I do not know, and
now, if yon are not a million you soon
will be. Applause. And St. Paul
well, I cant venture upon that I am a
little afraid, but the truth is, my friends,
that St. Paul and the neighboring flour
ishing city of Minneapolis, whatever yon
may think, are one in interest one in the
future, one great city in spite of the pres
ent difficulties. Great and prolonged
applause. - They laughed at roe Hole,
I
you know, as being disposed to concili
ate. Great laughter. I may be mis
taken, but I think ten years will show
you a city of one hundred, one hundred
and fifty, or two hundred thousand, em
bracing in its precious fold both the cit
ies of St Paul and Minneapolis. Great
applause.
And now, this movement of popula
tion, what is it doing here? We see
great States one in the distant South,
one in the centre, and the other here.
There is Texas, an empire in itself, re
ceixing larger numbers of population,
perhaps, than were ever received in any
Mate whatever; there is the State of Kan
sas, the pioneer in the great struggle
whieh dedicated all America to freedom
ond the stars and stripes forever. Bois.
terous and prolonged applause, And
she is having her share of this prosper
ity4 And .Minnesota I need not say,
"God bless -Minnesota;" He is blessing
her. Renewed applause. And here
let us remember what great blessings we
have. It is not merely material pros
perity ; it is, not merely great crops of
wheat and com - and great numbers of
cauie, Dut the laces 1 see around me show
that no shadow of pestilence is upon this
community, or, perhaps, ever can be;
while down your noble river affliction is
spread over all the country. We admire
and sympathize with the noble men and
the women, who, as physicians and as
nurses, are carrying succor to Grenada
and Memphis and New Orleans, and the
other cities afflicted, and I am told that
you of Minnesota, of. your abundance,
purpose to-day to do something of your
share toward giving relief to those strick
en communities. Applause.
Now, my friends, with this picture, as
I think so full of hope for the future for
you, and I as an individual, I do not
venture .with confidence upon predic
tions of prosperity reviving. I have no
spirit of prophecy, but, reasoning, let us
see how it stands. The debt is a great
burden upon labor and capital, and it is
greatly diminished and still diminishing.
Taxation is a great burden upon labor
and capital, ana it is greatly diminished
and still diminishing. So, too, as to the
expenses of the government, and then
with that which helps us, a sound cur
rency coming and immigration coming,
may I not confidently say that these are
indications, at least, that -we are march
ing to the threshold of reviving general
business prosperity ? Great applause.
And now shall we look around for a new
way to pay old debts, or shall we march
in the paths marked out by the fathers
the paths of honesty, of industry, of econ
omy T - Shall we do what Washington and
Franklin would advise? That is the
question before the people to-day. My
friends, I enter upon no argument of a
disputed question, but I say, as my opin
ion we may be mistaken, all ot us, but
I believe it that a restored financial con
dition depends largely upon an honest
currency. Great applause. And why
do I say this ? The commerce of the
world is the commerce now in which we
are taking part, and that is the same
thing the globe around.
We have with us to-day the gentleman
who is at the head of the signal service
of the United States. He is known pop.
ularly as "Old Probabilities." Great
laughter. He is not old and I fear he
is not always probable. Renewed laugh
ter. But certainly, in the science of me
teorology, he has gone further than any
other, and what does he tell us ? He says
mat tms atmospnere or ours, tins circum
ambient air that surrounds the globe is
one as a unit, and that they have dis
covered by observations all over the globe
that a great commotion, a gr-eat disturb
ance on any sea or any continent, sooner
or later, is felt in every other sea and ev
ery other continent, ana so the commerce
of the world is one. When there are
very hard times in one great nation,
sooner or later it goas around. We
should, then, base our financial system
on principles, and by the instrumentali
ties, that are sanctioned and approved by
the best judgment of the whole commer
cial werld. Then, I repeat, if we want
our standard of financial prosperity to be
based upon sure and safe fouudations,
let us remember let us all remember
that its best security is an untarnished
national credit and a sound constitution
al currency. Great and prolonged ap
plause. ,
At the conclusion of the President's
speech there were loud and frequent calls
for "Old Probabilities," Gen. Albert J.
Myer, Chief Signal Officer of the army.
President Hayes introduced him as fol
lows :
My Frtekds : I have the pleasure of
introaucing to you tne gentleman 1 named
and that I name with pleaure, Gen. My
er, of the Signal Service of the United
States. Hurrahs for "Old Probs," and
applause
Gen. Myer said : It would be simply
a joke to call on me to make a speech
a thing, I think, I have never done in my
life. I can only say that I came West to
see all I could of the farmers and of the
country in which the farmers live, for it
is part of my duty to take care of their
work so far as in my power. ' I thank
you for your courtesy in calling me be
fore you, and I must say good-bye.
ApplauseJ
Western Wanderings.
NUMBER III.
The little engine which has given us
such a pleasant, lively ride so far, takes
the side track to give place for the moun
tain engine. This mountain engine is a
wondeful piece of machinery. Weighs
26 tons and has eight drive wheels, and
looks capable of climbing almost any
thing. We pull out of La Veta, and we
wonder whether this lively speed is to
be kept up when we get fairly among
the mountains. You can look ahead
from the coach window and as the pon
derous little engine marches, around
curves so sharp that sometimes she is
nearly out of sight and up the fearful
grade, you can see no more apparent ef
fort than if she was on level track. The
rock bluffs grow higher and higher on one
side of the track, while the bottom of the
canon sinks lower on the other side.
We pass around the base of Veta Moun
tain and soon we are in eight of the en
trance of the famous mule shoe curve.
Looking ahead you see the track disap
pear around the mountain. Look across
the canon and you can see away up on
Dump Mountain where it appears again
and again disappears around the side of
the mountain. The speed of the train
slackens to eight miles per hour. We
run one-and-one-half miles up the can
on, cross over and are running back in
exactly the same direction we came.
This curve is so sharp that the rear end
of a train of 16 cars will, run in exactly
the -opposite direction from the engine.
The grade is fearfully steep. Soon we
begin to look down into tha tops of tall
pine trees which we passed such a little
while ago. As yon reach the corner of
Dump Mountain and begin to pass out
of mule shoe curve the view is grand be-
yond description. Yon can see the little
track winding down the canon so near
it seems you might throw a stone across
to it, but it is about one eighth of a mile
across to it, and six hundred feet below
you. , Every cross tie is as distinct as
the ones you are passing over, but so
small they look like they would make
nice stove wood.. , There is a side track
where the road crosses the canon. We
met a freight train there and now we see
it crawling along below, just going out
of the canon.. Every car in the train
looks as distinct and as small ' as a toy
train.' . The scene looks more like a mint
iature picture than reality. Vita motuu
tain rises from the opposite track so
steep you could hardly climb even the
timbered portion of it - It ia timbered
... ...
about one half its height and its summit
is 11,500 feet above the sea.
As you pass around Dump mountain,
there are places where you can look
down and see nothing but the ends of
the ties and a few feet of stone work be
tween you and the boulders in the valley
a tnousand feet below. If you are ner
vous, note for a moment the great cau
tion shown by the train men and your
uneasiness will leave you ; but ten to
one you are carried so far away by the
beauty and gran dn ess of the scene you
forget that a railroad accident ever hap
pened. You begin to find out that your
lungs are entirely too small ; you cannot
breathe long enough, and you may be
troubled considerably with bleeding at
the nose. An exhausted feeling comes
over you and you find yourself draw
ing a long breath every few minutes.
or the last two and one half hours you
have been ascending a grade which fre
quently reaches as high as 217 and in
some places ' 90 feet per mile.;. The
scenery is so grand that you do not take
time to speculate on the chances of the
little coach turning over and making
your will an ' interesting document to
your friends. Look ahead and you can
see the engineer or fireman sitting with
his legs dangling out the cab window,
looking down into the gulf below as cool
as if he was at a circus. As the engine
leans over in passing around a sharp
curve, you see his feet swinging out
from the side of the cab and he looks as
though a little jolt might send him into
eternity; but we suppose he knows his
own business. He passes over this part
of the road twice every day ; why should
any one else feel uneasy in passing over
it once or twice in a life time.
J ust as the sun ceases to shine in the
valleys, and the shadow of each moun
tain rests on the side of another moun
tain, our train turns its upward course
and begins to go as suddenly downward,
and we stop at Veta Pass, 9,340 feet
above the sea. There is a neat little
stone house for a depot, a side track and
a turn table. We are introduced to Joe.
Joe is the station agent, and although he
dwells nearer Heaven, and occupies the
highest position of any railroad tele
grapher on the continent, he is a jolly
good boy, a crack shot, and a natural
born Nimrod. His friends lower down
in life have often been reminded of his
marksmanship by receiving nice veni
son. Foolish deer often question Joe's
right up here, and he is always ready to
settle the matter. In some places around
the station the timber is so dense you
can hardly see any distance among it.
It is principally pine and quaking asp.
To one accustomed to the elevation, it
must be rare sport hunting up here; but
any one just arriving could not keep a
cook in stove wood, much less hunt over
the mountains. The air is so light you
become exhausted doing nothing.
As we leave Veta Pass we feel some
thing like a kitten which has run up a
tree, but is rather doubtful about com
ing down. A brakeman has control of
every car in the train, and the engine
alone is capable of holding the train in
case of accident. They do not use the
air brakes in going down the hill be
cause the grade is too long, there being
nineteen miles where the train boys
must keep at their posts all the time.
Occasionally we strike a straight piece
of track and the boys allow the speed to
increase until we get a little uneasy, but
as we near a curve they hold up, and. we
are convinced that they know what they
are doing. Three miles down on the
west side of the mountain range we stop
at Sangre De Cristo. There is a large
hole dug near the water tank and forms
the basin for the most magnificent spring
we have ever seen. The water is so clear
you can see every pebble in the bottom,
and is so cold that even after being used
to ice water you cannot drink any quan
tity of it without stopping. It has the
flavor of, and is said to be soft water. A
spring at the roots of an old coffee nut
tree, in one of the middle states, has
haunted us during feverish longings,
and has been the subject of every thirsty
dream through our whole life, but San-
gre De Christo will probably take its
place in the future. As we pass further
down the mountains cold clear streams
tumble down the bottoms of the ravines,
and we almost get the buck ague as we
think that this is the very paradise of
the mountain trout. No better fishing
can be had any where than here. We
were once told in good faith that in
Colorado they could and did make wa
ter run up hill in ditches; here is a
proof of the statement You see a dam
across a stream of water in the bottom
of the canon below you on one side of
the track. A" ditch starts out from it,
nearly full of water, running in the
same direction with the train. It rises
rapidly toward you, and you can see it
running very fast It runs alongside of
the train for a few minutes, crosses un
der the track, and soon you see it wind
ing up along the side of the mountain
on the opposite side of the train. , For
get for a moment the laws of nature, and
you could swear solemnly that the water
in that ditch is running up hill. It is
the ditch leading to the Placer Mines.
The descent of the road is so rapid that
it leaves the ditch far above you in a
mile or two. Night, is fast setting in as
we reach Garland. Garland was for. a
time something of a station, but as the
road was completed further west. Gar.
land, like Joe in Bleak House, was com
pelled to move on. The mountain en
gine deserts us here and the one that
takes her place pulls out, and as we
leave the mountains, she skips out at a
reckless speed, and for thirty miles the
moon lights up a whirling sea of sage
brush, but nothing more. At 9 :30 p. m.
we cross the Rio Grande river and stop
at Alamosa. A the hotel we are de
lighted to meet Joe- Perry. Joe is an
old timer of the west He has built six
teen .hotels at as many different points
on the plains. Every time a railroad
builds a mile or two of track, Joe picks
up his bed and walks. You will al
ways find him at the end of nowhere,
ready to furnish you a , good meal. At
supper the waiter calls Out beef steak,
pork steak, mutton chops, and silver
eels. ' The eels are splendid and we
learn that they are very plenty in the
Rio Grande.' Our host, Perry, is build
ing a good hotel here, and will probably
get It finished in time to tear it down
and move west if Alamosa walks off
when - the road is completed further,
Twenty-eight hours and twenty minutes
has carried us six hundred and thirty-
seven miles westward from the banks of
the Neosho to the Rio Grande. Being
tired we will go to bed and look about
us la the morning; -Qorxr.
NO. 38.
Facts and Fancies.
WhV S thA lnttt war liVa VnliD
Becouse it brought the green-back. Oii
City Call. .
Tn ailrHtinn tri ft Trim cm a l?ank
w umu e a- iuvu J .rJl)
the Danbury jail is but ten minutes walk
Of the dTVil TMsAfnfiiA flnsl AnaM xiahc-a
1 -v i nuA. vii aruvuo.
Danbury News.
A St Louis Beile, while bathing at
Long Branch, recently, was attacked by,
a shark, which bit off her small toe, but
was choked to death in the attempt to
swallow it
One real bpftlthv
nearer entertaining a man all night, and
uuui aiiv specimen oi ani
mal nature that has ever been invented.
Cincinnati post
When ex-Gov. Tilden walks he carries
pedometer in his pocket
progress. He is better satisfied with his
advancement when he walks than when
runs. is . Y. Graphic.
hftu itiRt omTiA linmp IWtm o oi
hand entertainment T -wtah T
jurer." "Why, my son?" "I would
turn you into a rat, call up the cat, and
wouldn't I have fun I"
A little ' flve-v-ar nlft U-Q a flitting -nr? t V.
his mother in the city a few days ago,
uiovuig tn, oer ieex, wnen suuaeniy ne
looked up into her face and said s "Moth-
r, uo you snow wnat l want to be when
grow up?" She shook her head. "Well,
hen I PTflw nn T nrnnt tn ha Aitkui. n
greenbacker or one of those men who
cure corns ana nave tneir pictures in the
paper. Augusta Journal.
NEW ADYERTISEMEXTS.
Veg-etine
PURIFIES THE BEOOD & GIVES
STRENGTH.
Dn OtJOIN. Tl.I. . Ju 1 11170
MR. H. B. Stivkms:
iear Sir. Your "Veretlne" has been do
Jtf,7rond?r for me. Have been bavin the
Chills and Fever, contracted in the swamp
of the Seuth, nothing rlvitg me relief nnuf I
began the use ef your Veg-etine, it giving me
luuuouww nuies, coning up my system, puri
fy inar my blood, irivinr atrano-th . wHnu n
other medicines weakened me, and filled my
if families that live in the ag-ue district of
the South and West would take Vegetine two
or three time a week, they would not be
troubled with the "CbiOa" or the malignant
Fevers that prevail at certain times of the
year, save doctors' bills, and lix
old age. Respectfully yours.
- a. MITCHELL,
Agent Henderson' Looms, St. Louis, Mo.
All Discasm of th Blood. If Vaoar
1MK will relieve nain. nliuu nnrirv
cure such diseases, restoring the patient to
perfect health, after trying different physi
cians, many remedies, suffering for years, is
it not conclusive proof, if you are a sufferer,
you can be cured? Why is this medicine per
lorming such great curesf It works in the
blood, in the circulating fluid. It can truly
be called the Great Blood Ppaiyiaa. The
great source of disease originates in the blood,
and no medicine that does not act directly
npon it, to purify and renovate, has any just
claim upon publio attention.
Veffetine
HAS ENTIRELY CURED ME OF
VERTIGO.
w o CiiRO, III.. Jan. 23. 1378.
Hl-H.K. Stxvxns :
Dear Sir: I have used several bottles of
"Vwrki," and It has cured me of Vertigo.
I have also used it for Kidney Complaint. It
is the best medicine for Kindey Complaint.
I would recommend it as a good blood purine'-
N.YoctTk.
PAIN AND DI8EASE. Curt w niuKt tt a.
joy good health when bad or corrupt humors
tubuiftw wmi wo uiuoa, causing pain and
disease; and these humors, being deposited
through the entire body, produce pimples,
eruptions, ulcers, indigestion, costiveness
headaches, neuralgia, rheumatism, and nu
merous other complaints? Kemove the cause
by taking Viostimb, the most reliable rem
edy for cleansing and purifying the blood.
Vegetine.
I BELIEVE IT TO BE A norm
MEDICINE.
Ximia, March 1, 1877.
Ma. Stsvkks :
llAfll Mi. 1 I. 1. ... .
: w iiurin tuu w ii at your
vegetine has done for me. I have been afflict
ed with Neuralgia, and after using three bot-
7- , -owa.w ww en vi i ci j relieved, j
also found my general health much improved.
nisi lairA SsV Vv K ... I. Y j ; f
Vr w iiitxi'cine.
luunirmv, it.t.tl. jU A.U V ESTICK.
Ttnttm tViAvnnohiw aM.rl .
-w-weas,j ciauiwumweryiiDO
or ftomor, and restores the entire ernlem to a
noalihii aah1 a
Vegetine.
DRUGGIST'S REPORT.
H. B. 8TSVXN8:
Dear Sir : We have been selling vour "Veg
etine" for the past eighteen mouths, aud we
take pleasure in stating that in every case, to
onr knswlAlini it hi. .1... . J
tion. Respectfully.
BUCK COWGILL,, Druggists,
Hickman, Ky.
Vegetine
IS THE BEST SPRING JLEDICINE.
. VEGETUTE.
Prepared by
II. It. STEVENS, Boston, Mass.
C2PVEGETINE IS SOLD BY ALL
DRUGGISTS.
LEGAL NOTICKM.
NOTICE.
, - - - - "j h.wvu ww uuuer-
Signed will, on Monday, October 7th, 1878,
- nib viuuo vi rnftmw rfoaro 01 ly on coun
ty, Kant. as, make final settlement of the es
tate of bam u el Kobinson, deceased.
, MAHLOS SXUBBS,
t4. Administrator.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that at the next reg
ular session of the Board of County Commis
sioners of Lyon county, Kansas, there will be
presented to said board a petition praying
for the vacation of Bancroft Avenue and Van
street, both beinar streets in & Mrtiin .awm
site known as Jay's addition to the City of
t" wuimi hiu town site is improved
and not embraced within the corporate limits
of an incorporated city. WILLIAM JAY.
A. 8. TANDY,
g-t . W. H. H. WOOD, by Uw!
r,. SHERIFF'S SALE.
District Court, Fifth Judicial District, Lyon
county, Kansas.
G. R. Haunter va. J . Plrnnm.
By virtne of an order of sale, issued out of
tne umtrici umrt sitting within and for the
county of Lyon, and state of Kansas, in the
01 Emporia. Lyon county, Kansas, offer tor
sal at public auction to the highest bidder
for cashT the following described real estate,
to-wit: Lots Mos 15, 19 and 17, in block atTin
the town f Neosho RapiUs. Lyon eouaty.
Kansas. Said real estate will be sold as the
property of the defendant, to saUUfy (aid
order of sale.
Sheriff's office. An rust 23d, 1878
B. riS IKWLV, Under Sheriff.
M-tt Acting Sheriff Lyon Co., Kas.
SHERIFF'S SALE.
District Court, Fifth Judicial District, Lyon
county. Kansas.
S. L. Sargent, sw. II. D. Curtis, t at.
' By virtne ot an order of sale, issued oat l
the District Court of Lyon county, in the
above entitled cause. I w,ll, on Monday, the
80th day of September, 1878, at 10 o'clock
a. m., at the front door of the court house in
tne city of Emporia- Lyon county, Kansas,
offer for sale at public auction to the highest
bidder for cash, the following described real
estate, towit! Commencing at the norta
west corner of the sonth.west quarter ot sec
tion twenty-nine, township nineteen, range
twelve; thence running east sixty rods:
thenee tooth one hnndered and sixty rods;
thence west sixty rods; thence north one
hundred andsixty rods, to place of beginning,
containing sixty acres in Lyon county, Kan
sas. .
Said real estate will be sold as the mn
oi the defendants, H 1. Curtis, tt tu- to sat
sfv said order of sale.
Sheriff's omee, Anrast 86th, 1878. -B.F.
LftWUi, Acting Sheriff
85-6t Lyon county, Kansas
Sheriffs Sale.
In Lvon mtintr. K&naaa- IticM rvw...
Inha WlirMn. J a. T .! . j . "
By virtue of an order of sale issued out ef
----wau. v. jj v. wuufcT, avansas.
in the above entitled cause, I will, 00 Tues
day, October 16th, 1878, at ten a'ckock a. m .
at the frpnt door of the court bouse im Es
pona, Lyon coontv, Kansas, oiler tor sale at
public auction to. the hjKhest bidder tor ease
the following described real estate, to-wit -The
undivided half of southeast quarter sec
tion, sixteen, and north half northeast quar
ter, and northeast quarter northwest quarter
ceetioB twenty-one, all in township nineteen,
range twelve. Also, east half section twenty-three
and southeast quarter section twen.
ty-two, both is township twenty-ose, range
twelve. Also northeast quarter and east half
northwest quarter section twenty-four, town
ship twenty, range twelve, ail ia Lyon eses.
tv, Kansas. Said real estate to be so'd a the
Sronerty ef aaid deiendant to catnfv said or
ex of sale. tt, B. LOWE. Sheriff . .
Lyon county, Kansas'. '
nrBLISHED XVEBY FRIDAY AT
EMPORIA, LYON C0UNTTT KAN.
BY STOTLEK A GBAHAX, .
Terms $ 3.00 per Tear, in Advsunoe.
ATTORNEYS.
'AT BtrCC L B. KXIAOSO.
BUCK 4V KELLOGG,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W, Kmporia,
'fflce in Newt block.
HEXKY A. BULKY,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
99 Naasau St., Mew ork City. C ollections
promptly made in all parts of the East sn
a general Kgal bntlnss transacted. 48-tf
aj-jsiaia billxtt "m.. roaox.
GIXLLTT l FORDE,
ATTOKNl 3 At LAW. Emporia, Kansas.
Office front room in Eakrldge building.
F. P. PAYNE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office, corner of
Commercial 8. and Fourth Ave.
BUGOLBS, SCOTT LYXN,
ATTORNEYS AT T. A W Will .! i
all the State and Federal Courts.
O. B. SACHtLLSB. B. at. IACUUII.
BACHELLER A BACHELLIJL
uPFSH AT. H1-'- Owtr First Na
tlonal Bank, Emporia, Kas.
O. X . BTKBRT. y. x . lIDfiWICI .
S TERRY A SEDGWICK,
ATTORVPTS ATI.. W V . 1. wr
will practice in the several Courts oi Lyon,
n-. oiiiaiwuw, nase. narvev.
Marion, and Morris eounties-Kansas : la the
r- w omiw. uu 111 LUO Str
eral Courts for the District ot Kansas.
S. W. CUNNINGHAM. W . T. M'OAltt
CU.M.UHAJ A MCCARTY,
win 1 ? .w, Emporia, Kansas.
Wilt practice in all the State antf Federal
Courts. Office in Nawa block.
PHYSICIANS.
.-- DR. W. W. K1BBEN,
OFFICE Oyer Dnnlap A Go's. Bank.
J. W. TBI'VWnBTirv w r
Kansas. -nanpona.
J. J- WEIGHT, K. D
nrrirn a.pim t . . ... , .
uwbn Tins. JteSA
dene on West street.
. J OILS A.. -MOOSE,
PHYSICLAN AND SURGEON. Office at
"rn otore, wo. low commercial St.
SURGEONS AHOXXOPATHIC PHYSICIANS.
", s b HaKBUBN, 1SS Com
mercial street, west side, between t and 6th
avenues.
L. D. JACOBS, M. D,
OFFICE la Parley Ryder's drug store.
D1L-9. Z. MEDDEN,
HOMEOPATHIU PHYfimiAW nn.t.
of Berlin, Prussia. Office, over L D. Fox tt
Co's. bookstore. Commercial St. Entrance
to stairway oetween LntS's hardware store
and Butler Co's. srrocerr store. Traata all
acute and chronio diseases, and make a spe
cially of eye and ear diseases; also, asthma
mum Miiv.i unuum, sua sua aueases incident
to women and children.
PHTBTCTAW AVI) Rnsnsinv
Clapp's boot and shoe store in Union block,
DBS. LAWRENCE A LAWRENCE,
DB. I . a. LAWBKNOK. I DB.TINKIX 8. LAWXKNCI
Oculist and Aurlst. I Obstetrics and Diseasa
8-tf j of Women .
MISCELLANEOUS.
BARWICK.'S LIVERY STABLE,
ON Seventh ave., first stables east of Com
mercial St. Charges moderate.
L. H. ANDERSON,
MTTSIC TEACHER, with I. D. Fox Co.
Instruction given on piano and organ .
, PHOTOGRAPHIC.
PAGE makes ail kinds and sixes ot Pio-
, ... kv HIJ UMUOD Ml DUO
Pictures ef residences, landscapes, teams, Ac
Entrance to gallery first door south of Wicks
A Rannata wawkn-.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
S AVIS' STABLES,
HES H. DAVIS. - - pROPRiitTrm
Fourth Avenue, Hear Court Houe,
Only First-class Bigs. EMPORIA, KAS.
T7IBANK BIcCAIN,
Plain and Ornamental Plasterer!
Emporia, Kansas.
Materials furnished and work done on short
notice in the best manner.
Jjl W. SPENCER,
DRUGGIST AND CHEMIST,
Council Grove, "'nnins
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES
At Moderate Prices.
mHE BEST BRICK I
ave now on hand and for sale 160,000 brick.
mi uvsb uvor uuuio in jyon county.
CnEAP for Cash!
Also, a large supply of No. 1 pressed brick,
cheap for cash. Apply at the old brick yard,
or address A. 8. POLLARD.
J3HIL. J. HERMAN,
at ANCPAOTuaia of
SADDLES AND HARNESS!
A Good Stock always on hand at Lowest
Prices.
Repairing Done Neatly and Cheap.
Q P. THGIH,
Boot and Shoe Maker.
AH kinds of Foot Wear made to order fn
the best sty le . Repairing prom ptly attended
to. Shop on west side of Commercial St., a
few doors south of 6th avenue,
EMPORIA, KAN8A8.
O TEAM POWER
WOOD WORKING FACTORY
Flans and specifications lor alt kinds ot
buildings furnished. I ship ia my lumber,
and can give low figures on all contracts.
factory and shop on Commercial Street.
Just north ot Seventh Avenue, Emporia.
Give me a calL JC F. SPRAOUX.
gCHANZE'S SHOP.
Having employed the best horse sheer in
Kansas, and moved my blacksmith shop to
the building lately occupied by Samuel Jonas,
ON SIXTH AVENUE, -I
have the best Blacksmith and Wagon shop
in Emporia. All work done in the very best
manner. Horse shoeing a specialty. Give
me a call. M-tf JOHN BCHANZE.
-yJ C. SPENCER,
CARPENTER AND BUILDER
Shop on Sixth avenue, near the old Madison
House,
EMPORIA, KANSAS.
All kinds or wood work done on short no
tice and at reasonable rates. Call and see me
whenever yon want any thing done ia the way
of carpenter work and building.
B
RICK.
GOOD BRICK CHEAP POR CASH!
We have sow on hand over one hundred
and fifty thousand FIBST-CLASS BRICK,
and still snaking thousands more. We offer
them for sale as cheap as good brick can be
bought anywhere. .
Brick work done In good shape, CHEAP,
and os sbortaoUoe. Soiijiiikbt t Fors.
"yiNDSOR HOTEL,
Renovated and Re-furnished;
J. Gardner, Pbofbietob.
Opposite the A, T. A 8. P. Depot,
EMPORIA, KAS,
Largest Hotel and best Sample Room In tha
city. Terms reasonable. Baggage transfer
red from Santa Fe depot to sample room free
of charge.
Y1- B. LOWE,
Central Lirery, M and Sale StaWes
The most EzrzMSivx ESTABLlSfmnrr ia
Southxbn Kins as. Double and single
teams, with the best and nicest carriages and
buggies in the city, ready stall times. Also,
saddle horses for ladies and gentlemen.
Buys and sells horses, boggle and ear.
risrijs.
Especial attention given to boarding hones
the week.
TTEATEB BILL,
n In TT.Iwl. a. V - .
WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS
EMPORIA, KAN.
Cor. Commercial St. and 4th Are. ;
cxir a tull irrrtr or wurxa, LiQcoaa,
- AMD CIOABS.
OLD COPPER DISTILLED
Kentucky Bourbon and Rye Whiskies.
Wfll duplicate all Leavenworth, Kansas
City, St. Louis, or Chicago bills.
- WEAVER BILL.
BOSTON, . .
UlAIi ESTATE AGENT
i i Kanporiav - -
Pays Taxes, redeems lands sold for tut.
Will notify parties amount ot taxeme . .
.1111. w . nmtmj .
Send New York exchange or P. O. order,
Tax Sionm ninr r smu iua o '
Unclose stamp, description of lands and poet
. oOice a U. te
Seal Estate bought v td on i o;c mission.
CaQ or addn- ' , - ..
3 ' " E. BKTOX,' ' .
XapoTia, Ljoa Co., Kansas- '

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