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The Emporia news. [volume] (Emporia, Kan.) 1859-1881, September 27, 1878, Image 1

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Sute llislOiicttl Soviet t
"WANT AND MISERY."
Tlie so-called Nationals, assuming that
times are hard, mwume also that legisla
tion can cure all the ills that we Buffer
from, awl that an unlimited issue of ir
redeemable pajn-r currency is necessary
to restore prosperity. At one of their
conventions, held recently in Massachu
setts, they solemnly resolved that "by a
reckless administration of public affairs
we have seen our industries crippled and
our people reduced to want and misery.
The St. Louis Glole-Democrat takes this
declaration for the text of an article, in
which it points out the palpable false
hood of the premise, and the fallacy of
the theories that arc based upon it. We
copy the Glolic-Democrat's article in full,
because it is worthy of careful perusal
by all sensible, thinking people:
uAny one who thinks for a moment
can not fail to we that this declaration
contains two palpable falsehoods. In
the first place, whatever of 'want and
misery the nation may have experienced
during the last five years can not be
charged to xlitical mismanagement any
more than the yellow fever how ravag
ing so many soutuern cities can le at
tributed to the same cause. The bard
times had deeper, farther-reaching caus
es. It may lie that mistaken attempts at
legislation added to the affliction, but the
addition to the burden from this source
was comparatively slight. In the second
place, it is utterly false that our people
are 'reduced to penury and want.' The
tfieat mnjority of 'our people are in fair
circumstances. They are not accumu
lating fortunes, it is true, but thev are
doing as well as their forefathers dfd, or
as good as the people of any other land
are doing.
The conditions never seemed more fa
vorable to prosperity than now. the onlv
real drawbacks beiiiir the dancerou de
lusions of this same Greenback Labor
party.
The farmers have lieen favored with
an unusually Uuntiful harvest, and if
we may juage tiy their attendance on the
various state and countv fairs, and the
unusual excellence of the specimens of
vegetable and animal crops thev disnlav.
have reiison to exult in the prospect of
ocucr nines already at hand. Keturns
from the great carrying routes of the
country show that tlie tides of commerce
are moving in all directions with un
wonted energy. In manufactures a like
renewal of activity is noted. The for
eign demand for our products and manu
factures was never so great as now, and
our capacity to satisfy it has grown ac
cordingly. Last year our exports ex
ceeded our imports by $2.17,000,000, and
it is safe to estimate that the excess this
year will not lie less than $:V")0,000,000.
We have the produce, and Europe will
furnish the markets. The wholesale
merchants in all our great cities report
it vast improvement in domestic trade.
There is such a revival as has not lieen
exx:rienced for many years. Collec
tions are liecoining easier every day, the
reiM'al of the bankrupt law having ex
erted a stimulating influence on the busi
ness of honest dealers, besides making
wholesale merchants more careful in the
extension of credits.
Turning to the tailoring classes, we
can find no justification for the reckless
statements made by the liutlers, Kear
nops and Hills of the new party. Men
who want work can find something to
do, and, as a matter of fact, very few of
them are idle. It is true that wages have
shrunk from the old war figures, but this
is not very remarkable. The cost of all
the necessaries of lite has shrunk still
more. The demagogues prate loud'
about the shrinkage tVom $2 to $1.25 per
day in the workingman's wages, but say
nothing about the falling otl in the cost
of bread and meat. At one time during
the war pork sold for $0 per barrel;
now it costs $8.75. Flour that cost $12
a barrel then can now be bought for
$5.50. Clothing lias shrunk even more
in price than breadstuifs. Rents and
taxes are high, it is true, but these items
form but a small percentage of the cost
of living of the people to whom the dem
agogues apcal. There' has lieen much
mi tiering among some classes of arti
sans, notably workers in iron and steel,
because of the collapse of industries into
which these articles enter largely. But
the mechanics are adapting themselves
1o their changed conditions. Many of
thein have wisely turned to agricultural
pursuits, anil others have found tempo
rary occupation until an increased de
mand for their manufactures will insure
them profitable employment once more.
liy judicious financial management we
me rapidly refunding our liondcd bebt,
at greatly reduced rates of interest. In
this way, and through the practice of
economy in the administration of affairs,
the burden of taxation has been greatly
lessened. Our currency, from lieing a
constantly shifting measure of values,
has growu as stable as coin, and, as our
telegraphic reports this morning show,
practically equal to It in value. .If an
easy borrowing rate is a standard of
judgment, then the conditions are favor
able to those who desire to liorrow on
sufficient securities, for the rate of inter
est was never lower than now. Those
who have no collaterals never can bor
row, or at least they never should. These
are the conditions of which the Nation
als complain. They would overturn and
destroy them all in order to lift the peo
ple out of 'want and misery,' which only
exist in their own fevered imaginations.
They say 'we must apply the legislative
cure; we must abolish hard times by act
of congress." The fact is that the hard
est times are over, and that no amount
or kind of legislatiou will help return
ing prosperity half as much as the sup
pression of these false teachers. Quack
ery never cures. Congress cannot work
miracles. If the statesmen will keep
their hands off the legislative machine
for a little longer, the country will get
along nicely. A triumph for the Na
tionals and. the embodiment of their
views in legislation would be a greater
calamity to all our best interests than
the late civil war."
Lieut. Gov. Humphrey.
The Canton (Ohio) Daily Repository
of the 10th iust., says of the Republican
candidate for lieutenant governor of Kan
sas :
"We are pleased to note the success of
another Htark county lioy, in the person
of Lyman U. Humphrey, the present
lieutenant governor of Kansas.
Mr. Humphrey was born and raised
in Marlboro township, this county, and
was going to school In M ass i lion when
the war broke out. He enlisted when on
ly seventeen years of age, and served
nearly four years in the 7(Jth regiment,
O. V. I., during which time he was
wounded, and was promoted to the com
mand of his company. After the war
he studied law ia Massillon and at the
University of Michigan, and then went
west to grow up with the country. He
located at Independence, ' Kansas, when
he soon" became successful in his prac
tice, and his merit was evinced by elec
tion to the legislature, and then to the
second position of honor and trust in the
f ift of the people of his adopted state.
uring tlie war Mr. II. was an occasional
correspondent of the Stark County Re
publican, and there displayed that abili
ty as a writer and scholar which has
characterized . his after life. He has
identified himself with the Republican
party, and though still a young man,
has achieved political honors that sel
dom fall to the lot of older and more ex
perienced men.
His re-election to tlie office of lieuten
ant governor is certain, and in being
thus honored by the people of Kansas,
ho is at the same time an honor to Stark
county, and to Ohio, and his industrious
and successful career should be an ex
ample and an incentive to our youth."
A number of cases of leprosy among
the Chinese have . taen discovered In
San Francisco, and a hospital for their
issolation is to be erected. It is not a
pleasant thought .that manv of the ten.
v X'
en are engaged In the, manufacture of
cigars, lepsory,- fortunately, it not re
garded as contagious, yet Us loathsome
ness make it a dreaded disease. . It is
hereditary, and the least taint descends
to the children. It is one of the most
ancient diseases, and is. by no means
confined to the hot districts of the trop.
Icu. Norway and Canada, as well as the
Bandwich Islands, have their leper set
tlements. It is not only inherited but
comes also from nncleanliness and the
use of impure and unwholesome food
Leprosy is an incurable disease by any
means known to science. Of its real na
ture medical men know but little. - It is
slow but certain death.
VOL. 21.
WHERE ARE THE RICH KENT
.There has been a exeat deal of com
plaint during Hie last lew years that the
wealth of the country was beinrr absorb
ed by a few thousand men, who were be
coming fabulously wealthy, while the
masses of the people were as steadily be
coming impoverished. The papers have
been crediting Vanderbilt, Gould, Scott,
Senator Jones, and some others, with
being worth $20,000,000 to 100.000.000
eacli. and as having such immmense
incomes that thev were entirely at a loss
how to use their money. This grumbling
ought now to stop. There can't be any
rich men in the country, and the wealth
of the gentlemen in question must have
lieen entirely overestimated. AVe don't
believe there is a rich man in the west
worth $100,000 in available cash, and
the stories of this and that one possessing
enormous wealth are absurd exaggera
tions. We come to this conclusion bv
reading the daily telegraphic reports of
subscriptions to the yellow fever relief
I una- me bootblacks ana newsboys
have all given five cents each, the ser
vant girls and hotel waiters 25 to 50
cents each, the seamstresses and clerks
50 cents each, the day laborers a dollar
each, the mechanics one to two dollars
each, the storekeepers, doctors, lawyers,
editors, etc one to five dollars each, tlie
bank cashiers and average bondholders
five to fifty dollars each, and here and
there a locally rich man may have shell.
ed out as much as one hundred dollars.
Everybody who has a cent to spare for
the welfare of humanity has contributed
something to aid the yellow fever suffer
ers. Tlie very oorest have sent up at
least a nickel as an earnest of their good
desires, and as the ioor are in a very
large majority "many nickels make a
muckle," and Ln the aggregate a very
large sum of money is flowing toward
the scenes of anguish along the Missis
sippi river. And more than money,
scores of noble men and women have
voluntarily gone to face death on his
own chosen ground, out of pity for suf-
lering men and women and children of
whom they never heard before. The
depths of christian civilization have
been touched with sympathy, and the
nation shudders every day as it reads
the pathetic appeals for help for the
neipiess in their great agony. Amid
this grand national effort to afford
relief, among all the contrbution
spared by the laboring masses from their
scanty earnings, who learns of the mil
lionaires What has become of the mil
lionaires, the money kings, the magnates
who can command a million of riniiaro
at a word, whose wealth furnishes them
every conceivable luxury and indul
gence, and who could spare millions of
dollars and not sacrifice a
venience or luxury that human ingenui
ty can provide ? Where are the $100,000
contributions, the $500,000 gifts, the
$1,000,000 monuments to a country's
gratitude? Where are the rich men
where is any evidence now that they
have a dollar more than thev absolutelv
need to keep themselves and families
from starvation T The yellow fever fund
fails entirely to show that any man in
this country is worth anything like a
million dollars. The income tax collec
tor would evidently have nothing to do
if he were appointed. Such a being as
an American citizen who has a thousand
dollars to give in any emergency what
ever, evidently don't exist. His name
and post office address certainly cannot
be found in the yellow fever fund list.
No, all those tales about there being
rich men in this country, about men
who can command millions of dollars,
are fables. The money is in the pock
ets of the boot blacks and working peo
ple generally, and right royally are they
shelling it out, each man and woman
sacrificing of their needs, incurring some
additional privation, for the sake of the
humanity that wealth has not pressed
out of their hearts. But the rich man,
the man we hear about, the wonderful
man who can buy gold mines, and rail
roads, and marble palaces and diamonds,
who travels in regal magnificence,
and whose sneeze is heralded as an ex
pression of financial import, they well,
they have not heard of the yellow fever
yet, and will not- be at home until after
frost comes and the plague is past, and
then they will appear again to dazzle an
admiring public with the lordly magnif
icence that millionaires alone are enti
tled to shower around their pathway.
Kansas.
Tlie wonderful growth "of Kansas is
attracting tlie attention of the whole
country, and the newspapers declare
there "never was the like of it." The
New York Times, of the 13th inst, has
the following:
"Not one of the Western States is
growing as Kansas is. A census taken
early ln 1855 showed a population of
but 8,601; in 1860 of 107,306; and in
1865, of only 140.170.' Since then it has
had a growth more rapid than any state
of the union. Thus, ia 1870, its popula
tion was 864,382 ; the rate of increase
from 1800 to 1870, although largely
made from 1865 to 1870, was three times
the rate of increase of Oregon, Iowa or
Wisconsin ; five times that of California,
Missouri or Illinois, and seven times
that of Florida or Texas. The census
of 1875 put the population of Kansas at
533,372, and at present it is universally
estimated to be at least 650,000. - The
increase has been nearly 30,000 a year
since the first census was taken in 1855.
The state is so extremely fertile, and so
admirably adapted for fanning and
grazing that it will be strange if it be
not before long one of the most prosper
ous states beyond the Mississippi.
Judge Brown, the workingmen's can
didate for the state senate in one of the
West Virginia counties, is the largest
land-owner in the state, with one excep
tion, and is accused of hiring men to
work for him at Jwenty-flve cents a day
and forgetting to pay them. That is the
kind of man who usually does the loud
est howling about the wrongs of the
workingman, and sets himself up as a
champion of labor.
An early winter ia predicated on the
fact that the flight of the wild goose to
the south is five weeks in advance of the
usual time. . .-
The Boston Journal rerards the Presi
dent's St. Paul speech asona of the most.
timely and significant ever delivered by
a chief magistrate,-. . .-. '-
Anna Dickinson is not in demand as
an actress. The theatrical managers re
fuse to engage her and she goes back to
the rostrum as a lecturer,: .
Ex-Secretary Bristow is about to re
move from Louisville to New York, to
engage in the practice of his profession.
Louisville was too small a field.
a3 ft
if!
I.NDIAX NEWS.
Fear that the Northern and Southern
Cheyennes will Lifer t a J minimi.
Various Military Notes From tlie-Xorthwest.
There are all sorts of rumors in regard
to the vagrant Cheyennes who left their
reservation in the Indian Territory a
few days ago, one being to the effect that
a party of sixty reds, supposed to be a
portion of the escaped band, killed a
cow boy near Collar's camp, on Bluff
f 'f.lr m!lad . . t . I. . , C I 1 I 'J ...
v. v aa., awa i j iitiicB Btruui ui j vi t; C V . 1 1 ,
night before last, and that they also kill
ed a number of cattle. It is also rumor
ed that they massacred other men who
were out after stray stock, as at the time
the messenger left for Dodge City no
trace of them could lie found. Tlie de
tails however, are not known.
THE NOKTHEBX CHEVESSES.
A letter from Sidney, Nebraska, siys
that the Cheyenne camp has been moved
to a point one mile east of town and
every effort is made to preven intercourse
with the prisoners. They are not in
formed concerning the outbreak of the
southern Cheyennes. The meagre news
received from the south indicates that
the hostiles have spread over a wide
space, traveling in small parties. If
the Cheyennes at Sidney have the least
opportunity they will break away and
effect a junction with the hostiles. They
ars all more or less armed and supplied
with an abundance of ammunition. They
are dissatisfied and irritable. Little
Chief, the principal chief of the band
now there, said Monday that the Indi
ans are leaving a country "heap good,
where game is plenty and where our
women and children will not starve, and
going to a country where fever and fam
ine soon kill them all.
THE GOVERNMENT
is heap bad and the Indian will not al
ways submit." The belief is strong there
that the troops will not be able to inter
cept the hostiles, but they can easily pre
vent the prisoners joining them. The
next few days will- be full of events. In
terpreter Rowland, who married and
lived among them for thirty years, snya
the Cheyennes will fight to death, and
regards the present movements as the
commencement of a big Indian war.
uoi. j.uornuerg'8 command there nu ro
llers five companies. Every preparation
has been taken to move the troops at a
moment's notice. All the artillery at
the post stands onthe flat cars. There
are stock- cars for the cavalry horses and
coaches for the soldiers which make a
long train, to which a ten-wheeled en
gine, under full steam is constantly at
tached. The Indians here are flaunting
trophies of the Custer massacre. Sub-
Chief Watioke shows three wounds Cus
ter's men gave him. He also has a cer
tificate of character from Gen. Miles,
wiiicn ne says ne iook irom one ot tlie
Nez Perces.
THE LATE FIOIIT WITH THE BANNOCKS.
Gen. Sheridan on yesterday sent two
telegrams, one to Col. Giblxin, and the
other to the adjutant general of the
United States amiy, relating to the Ban
nock prisoners. In his dispatch to Gen.
Gibbon he said : "I have your letter of
September lo, and in a tew days will let
you know what to do with the captured
Bannocks. I am delighted with the
prompt manner in which Col. Miles did
his work, and I wish to tell him so.
The party that escaped and went in the
direction of Washekie's Shoshones' camp
were an captured by Lieut. .Bishop, ot
the Fifth cavalry, so that I think all the
Bannocks who came over on our territo
ry from the Pacific side have been killed
or captured." In his telegarm to the ad
jutant general at Washington, Gen.
Sheridan said : "it is now quite certain
that all the Bannocks that came over in
to my division from Howard's depart
ment have been killed or captured.
Those escaping from Col. Miles' engage
ment have lieen captured by Lieut. Bish
op of the 5th cavalry. So the next ques
tion is, what shall lie done with the pris
oners t -.ins ougui 10 oe determined on
without delay. I recommend that they
be sent down to the Nez Perces, and that
any captured ponies and guns we may
have in our possession be sold and young
uaiue lor me inuians pe purcnaseu with
the proceeds."
MILES' OFFICIAL REFOBT.
Gen. Miles has been heard from. His
official account of the recent fight in the
Yellowstone park was received at Sheri
dan's headquarters day before yesterday.
It is as follows :
"Headquarters; District of the
Yellowstone, Camp at Heart Moun
tain. Montana, September 4. To Ruggles,
assistant adjutant general, St. Paul: I
have to report that with a detainment
of the 5th infantry and a small band of
Crow allies, I surprised a small camp of
hostile. Bannocks on Clark's Fork, west
of Heart mountain, at daylight to-day.
"As near aa I can ascertain, there were
eleven Indians killed, thirty-one cap
tured ; also two hundred head of horses,
mules and ponies captured. From the
prisoners I learn that a few lodges have
gone to Washekie's camp of Shoshones.
"Capt. Bennett, of the 5th infantry,
Crow interpreter Roque Barcume, and
one Crow warror, were killed. Private
McAfee, company G, 5th infantry, was
wounded. The Bannocks endeavored to
excite the Crows to hostility, but I have
turned the latter against them. Col.
Buell's command will be up to-morrow.
I will leave it in this vicinity for a short
time. "Nelson A. Miles."
COMING DOWN TO MEET THE SOUTHERN
CHEYENNES.
A dispatch from Cheyenne dated day
before yesterday, sayst Early this morn
ing, some stock-men discovered a large
party of Indians about to cross the rail
road near Antelope station, eighty-five
miles east of here. It was estimated ' by
good judges that there was at least three
hundred m the party. Runners and tel
egrams were sent at once to the ranches
and towns along the South Platte river,
for every one to gather up their horses
and drive to places of safety. It is
thought .that .this party is coming to
meet the Cheyennes who are coming
north, and after a junction is formed
they will sweep the country of all stock
ana make for northern Wyoming again.
As a precaution against having trains
ditched, the officers of the Union Pacific
road have ordered all express trains to
run very slowly through the infested
district, Green River to Laramie. This
brings trains In two hours behind time.
The company have patrols near all sus
pected points, to prevent surprise and
robbery if possible.
Heroes of the Plague.
It is quite impossible to keep track of
all the heroic sacrifices that are made in
the charnel houses of the plague now
devastating the South. The sad fate of
one little party which went from St.
Louis to Memphis about three weeks
ago, deserves, however more mention
than has been made in ' the brief tele
graph lo announcements from that city.
Drs. McKim and Nugent, with five Sis
ters of Charity, left this city in perfect
health to offer their services to the suf
fering In Memphis, and within the brief
time named all but two of this noble
little band have been stricken by the
angel of death. The death of Dr. Mc
Kim has already been referred to and
that of Dr. Nugent was announced in
Saturday's paper. Three of the Sisters
have died meanwhile, so that only two
rtniain. St. .Louis Republican.
The Hartford Courant indulges in
some . reminiscences of a yellow fever
visitation in New England in the last
century. It says the fever waa epidemic
for the first time in New Haven in the
summer and fall of so that the ses
sion of the general assembly, which
should regularly have been held in that
city, was holden in Middletown. The
fever prevailed also in New York and
Philadelphia in the same year, and in
terfered with the sale of the tickets of
the lottery granted to build the Hartford
state house to such an extent that noth
ing waa realized thereby. In consider
ation of the disuess in New Haven, the
governor and council issued a brief ask
ing for contributions in aid of the suffer
ers there.
EMPOHIA, KANSAS, FRIDAY,' SEPTEMBER 27, 1878.
The Planet Vulcan.
When Professor Swift, of this city, re
discovered the lost Vulcan, while near
Denver, July 29, the vagrant planet was
only about eight miles distant from the
star Theta Canci. The two were in such
close proximity, in fact, that had they
both been of the same brilliancy it
would have been almost impossible for
the naked eye to separate them. Since
the nnding ol V ulcan, which has created
such a sensation in the scientific world,
Professor Swift has very naturally felt a
fatherly interest in the planet, which is
his by the right of discovery. At three
turned his telesco)e in the direction of
1 heta Canci, which was readily found
in the place it should lie. - But it was
alone. Had its 'neighbor of July 29
been a star, and not a planet, the finding
of the one would have also shown the
other. Being a planet, it had disappear
ed, being engaged in its regular employ
ment oi taking a turn rouna the sun
This, said Professor Swift to a represen
tative of the Evening Express this morn.
ing, is proof positive that it was Vulcan
which he found July 29. But, he added,
1 am no more convinced than before 1
was certain of it at first." Rochester
Express. .',-.
Some Interesting Statistics.
In 1867 the interest on the public debt
amounted to $143,781,591 annually. For
the year l77 it amounted to $97,124,511
a decrease of $46,657,080 in ten years.
It will be much less for the current year,
as the refunding of the debt into bonds
bearing a lower rate ot interest is steadi
ly and rapidly progressing.
The cost of sustaining the naw has
been reduced nearly to the standard of
itiu. I he appropriations for the navy
that year aggregated $11,514,964 for
the year 1878 they aggregated $13,541,
024. In I860 we had 101 ships in our
ueei; now we nave na.
In 1860 the pension list of the country
required an annual appropriation of
f.i,iu,yo ior 1877 the appropriations
for pensions, arising from the Demo
cratic rebellion, aggregated $27,936,752.
The appropriations for the army in
1865 were $1,031,323,360; for 1868 they
aggregated $123,246,648; and in 1867
they aggregated $37,082,735.
The appropriations for the Indian
service in 1800 aggregated $2,940,191;
for 1875, when they were highest. 8-
384,656; and for 1877 they aggregated
$4,829,865.
The miscellaneous expenditures of the
government including the civil service,
congress, the courts, consular service,
river and harbor improvements, the post
office system, etc., aggregated $27,976,
434 in 1860; $85,141,593 in 1874; and
$58,926,582 in 1877.
- Railroad Land Questions.
Mesers. Haskell, Ingalls and others
addressed a meeting of settlers at Hum
boldt last week, and at tlie close the fol
lowing resolutions were passed :
Whereas, A large tract of land ly
ing in Southern Kansas, has been, as we
lielieve, improvidently patented to the
Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston,
and the Missouri, Kansas and Texas
railroad companies, and
Whereas, Said lands are largely oc
cupied by actual settlers, many of whom
have made extensive and valuable im
provements thereon, and
WnEREAS, A controversy has arisen
between the settlers and railroad com
panies concerning said lands, the effect
of which is to cast doubt upon the ques
tion of title to said lands tlie said rail
road companies insisting thafthcir ti
tles are r perfect,- while the settlers are
perfectly clear that if a fair and impar
tial judicial examination into the same
was made, that the claims of the said
railroads would be declared without a
substantial legal basis, and -
WHEREAS, In the opinion of said set
tlers a thorough judicial investigation
cannot be had, save by a suit brought in
the name of the United States, in the
Federal Courts against said railroad
companies.
Therefore the said settlers, in mass
meeting assembled, do
Resolve, That our senators and rep
resentatives in congress be and they are
hereby instructed to use all efforts in
their power to procure an order from
the proper authorities at Washington,
directing the United States District At
torney for the District of Kansas, to in
stitute legal proceedings to settle the
question of the validity of the claims set
up by said railroads to said lands, and
to associate with him such counsel as
the settlers may employ to aid him in
the conduct of said proceedings.
Some Qne8tions Answered.
The fiat-money people are making so
many and so extravagant statements in
their arguments before the people that
we receive daily numerous letters asking
for information on various points. Thus
a correspondent at Hinchlev; 111., repre
sents that Mr. Glover, chairman of the
Greenback state committee, in a speech
delivered at that place, devoted some
time to an explanation of the profits
made by national banks from the de
struction of the bank notes by fire and
other agencies. Of course, Mr. Glover
would not have made this statement un-'
less he believed it, but that does not ex
cuse his ignorance. All the profit from
the destruction of bank notes accrues to
the government. The government issues
the notes, and the banks furnish the
means of redeeming them. The banks
pay taxes on their circulation and on
their deposits. Greenbacks are not taxa
ble. To substitute greenbacks for na
tional bank notes will be to substitute
$330,000,000 of untaxable currency for a
like sum taxed. We have not yet heard
the proposition to tax the greenbacks.
These flat-money people are also deal
ing out strange versions of fact concern
ing the paper money of England and
France. In answer to more than twenty
inquiries as. to the facts pertaining to
the paper money of France, we repeat:
(1) All the paper money in France is is
sued by the National Bank of Franae,
and not by ,jhe Government. (2) The
amount outstanding is about $450,000,
000. (3) It is redeemable on demand in
coin, at the bank or its branches. (4) It
is not a legal tender for public or pri
vate debts to any amount whatever.
A correspondent at Racine asks if it is
true, as stated by the fiat-money orators,
that "the notes., oi, the Bank of England
are based on the wealth of the nation,"
and are money of themselves, requiring
no redemption, and are in fact never re
deemed, the gold on deposit in the bank
being held there merely for convenience,
and never for the . purpose of redeeming
the notes. The truth is that the Bank
of England is allowed to issue notes np
to a certain amount on a deposit of gov
ernment, securities; for all notes above
that limit the bank must have a Cellar
of gold for every dollar of paper out
standing. The notes are redeemable on
demand in gold. A scarcity of gold in
England necessitates a contraction of the
bank notes, and any serious demand on
the bank for gold compels of necessity a
retirement of an equal amount of bank
notes. The government of Great Brit
ain does not issoe paper money, and the
notes issued by the Bank of England are
secured upon . nearly the same plan as
are notes in this country. The Bank of
England has a permanent but limited
deposit of national securities against
which it is authorized to issue bank
notes. In addition it is authorized to
issue as many bank notes as it has gold
on deposit ia its vaults. In this way the
bill-holder is protected at all times against
loss, and the bank note is always equal
to coin. The national bank notes in this
country are, in like manner, protected by
a deposit of national - bonds or actual
money with the treasury for the redemp
tion of the notes. After January next
these bank notes will be redeemable on
demand in coin or its equivalent.- Un
der this system there has never been a
bolder of a national bank bill who has
suffered a loss from the failure of a na
tional bank. When specie payment shall
be resumed, our national bank notes will
be as as amply protected against loss by
failures aa are the notes of the Bank of
England. Chicago Tribune.
THE TEtEJtACHOX.
An Klertrie ' Tm-KJn that Will Transmit
Powrr by Wbi-Th 'oreef Niagara to
ie imiriDuiu over tue tiuteu states.
From the New York San.
I To use the vast power generated by
numberless rivers and tide-ways, by
transmitting it from regions where not
iucu iaj yvmia wuere it. is invaluable,
has long puzzled scientists. . In places
away from the seaboard and the great
water cources, especially, power has
heretofore been obtained only, by the
erection of expensive machinery, the
constant generation of steam, and the
consequent consumption of vast quan
tities of coal brought from a distance.
While visiting the mining regions of
tlie Merra Xsevaxla and Rocky mountains
m his late western tour. Prof. Edison
was struck with the difficulty there had
by miners in drilling and boring, though
in many cases in the vicinity of rapidly
flowing mountain streams. Except in
"placer" mining, where the ore is wash
ed out of the bed or banks of a river, or
wuere expensive steam arms are used,
the work of mining is laborious. While
watching miners drilling by hand, a
means of facilitating this work evolved
itself from Edison's fertile brain. Turn
ing to his intimate mend. Prof. Barker,
of the University of Pennsylvania, he
exclaimed, abstractedly, "Why cannot
the power of yonder river (pointing to
the Platte river on the plain a thousand
ieet below) be transmitted to these men
by electricity?" This thought seemed
not to go from Edison's head, and all
the way across the plains on their jour-
m j uuiuc uk uiu n ia irienu, isaray, as
he calls him, discussed various problems
for the transmission of power.
Before starting for the west. Professor
Barker had visited Ansonia, Conn.,
where his friend Mr. William Wallace,
is engaged in tlie manufacture of electri
cal machines. Mr. Wallace has profound
scientific research, and besides the me
chanical part of his business, he devotes
himself enthusiastically to that part - of
puysics mat comprehends electricity,
magnetism, and the polarization of light.
He showed Prof. Barker an instrument
to which he had devoted the best vears
of his life, but which was yet in a crude
condition. He was still experimenting
with it, but he believed he would so per
fect it as to transmit power from one
point to another by means of electricity.
When the Edison party had arrived in
New York, Prof. Barker bethought him
self of the instrument previously shown
him by his friend, and which at the time
he had only curiously examined. He
invited Prof. Edison to visit Ansonia,
an invitation that was at once "accepted.
The party consisted of Prof. Edison and
Barker, Prof. Chandler, of the board of
health, and Mr. Edison's assistant, Mr.
tsacneiier.
It was an agreeable surprise to the
party to find that Mr. Wallace had per
fected his machine. Being exceedingly
modest and caring not for notoriety, he
had shown the instrument to few, and
these only persons whose, lack of scien
tific knowledge prevented them from
comprehending its usefulness. Mr. Wal
lace calls it a telemachon. and he smiled
with pride as he pointed to a numberof
tnese machines, each one an improve
ment upon its predecessor, and each
having required years to design and
nearly $1,000 to construct.
Mr. Edison was enraptured. He fair
ly gloated over it. Then power was ap
plied to the telemachon, and eight elec
tric lights were kept ablaze at one time,
each being equal to four thousand can
dles, the subdivision of electric lights
oemg unknown to science. This filled
up Mr. Edison's cup of loy. He ran
from the instruments to the lights, and
from the lights back to the instrument
He sprawled over , the table with the
simplicity of a child, and made all ktnas
of calculations. He calculated the pow
er of the instrument and of the lights,
tiie protmote loss ot .power in transmis
sion, the amount of coal the instrument
would save in a day, a week, a month,
a year, and the result of such saving on
manulactunng.
The cool, impassive professor Chand
ler also went about, note-book in hand,
informing himselt upon the minutest de
tails. That a man like Mr. Wallace, after
studj'ing privately upon the subject for
years, should calmly, deliberately and
without ostentation, bring out before
them an instrument calculated to revo
lutionize the whole manufacturing busi
ness, filled the party with amazement. .
By means of it power may be obtain
ed from places where river power or ti
dal power is abundant, or may be gener
ated where fall is cheap, as at tlie coal
mines, and by means of an ordinary ca
ble can be transmitted hundreds of
miles. The cable may be tapped at any
point and power used therefrom.
Mr. Edison believes he can so assist
Mr. Wallace in perfecting the telema
chon that power can be transmitted from
one point to another as though it were a
telegraphic message. Already by this
instrument Mr. Wallace is enabled to
transmit the power of the Naugatuck
river a quarter of a mile. The power of
this stream is great, enough to drive the
ponderous machinery vof the Wallace
factory, where 300 men are employed.
A series of experiments with the instru
ment has shown that in the transmission
of this enormous power by electricity,
only 20 per cent, is lost.
xn lULt instrument uie electricity is
produced by the Wallace dynam-electric
machine, no battery being used. Four
large electro-magnets are placed with
their poles facing each -other. On the
axis parallel with and situated between
them is a disc of iron carrying upon its
opposite faces a row of 'electro-magnets,
thirty in number on each lace, whose
poles, facing outward, revolve as close
as possible, to the poles of the large
magnets, called the field of force. On
the same axis, but outside of these discs,
strips of copper are placed equal in num
ber to the magnets on the discs, each
strip.of copper being connected to one
end of the wire of the magnet. The oth
er end of the wire goes to the next strip.
Each strip,: therefore, is connected to
the last ends of the coils and to the first
end of that immediately following it.
When the disc, with its magnets, is re
volved by any power, the weak magnet
ism remaining in the iron itself gener
ates a current of electricity in the wire
surrounding these magnets. In virtue
of the principle discovered by Farraday,
that whenever, a conducting wire is
moved in the vicinity of a magnet, ' a
current of electricity is caused to circu
late in that wire, the feeble current thus
generated flows around the. feeble mar-
nets of the field of force, increasing their
magnetism. 1 his increased magnetism
reaches upon the revolving magnets, in
creases the electric current. : and so.
alternately, until the maximum is gen
erated in the wires of the revolving mag
nets. This current bears for each a per
fectly definite ratio to the Dower con.
sumed, and they are capable of convert
ihg 80 per eent.- of the power applied in
to electricity. The electric current gen
erated is carried by two copper wires to
a second machine, the. telemachon. This
effects the reverse operation that is to
say, the reconversion of the electricity
into' mechanical power. The telemachon
consists of a field of force and a revolv
ing armature. This field of force con
sists of twelve electro-magnets in two
sets of six each, the poles of each set
facing each other and connected togeth
er by. heavy bands or bridges. Ln the
space inclosed by these magnets, and
parallel with them, is the armature axis
supporting an armature consisting of a
ringjof iron wire serving as a core around
which is wound an ' insulated copper
wire in two series of fifty coils. The
ends of these wires come out alternately
to the right and left of the armature, and
are connected with two break pieces up
on their axial Six springs, or brushes
of copper wire, press upon these break
pieces, each pair of brushes facing each
other, and opposite a pair of magnets in
the field of force. The electric current
entering the machine presses round the
field of force and magnetizes the mag
nets. At the same time it passes through
the armature magnetizing that, so that
the poles of the armature nearest to the
poles of the lieia magnets are of the op
posite name. In conseauence of thin
the field of force . magnets attract the
poles of the armature and cause, the
armature to move. . But the motion in
its new nOAition hHnim nthpr rwii-tinna
of the break pieces in contact with the
spring and causes a redistribution of
the magnetism. Again, attraction takes
place as before, and again the direction
of.the current is changed by the break
pieces, ine magnetic enect being con
tinuoilR. the rotation ia rainHnustua in
Creasing- constantly in sneeri until 'tha
friction and the magnetic power balance
eacu omer.
In Sunday's experiment the hodome
ter showed that the machine mnlp thm
thousand revolutions a minute.
the electricity from the wonderful tel
emachon may lie applied to illumination.
It solves the nrnlilm rf tlm cnl? W-ici
of electric lights. The Wallace foundry
aiiu me x arrei iounory, near bv, are
lighted by these lights, the army of men
heiniT formwi in tWAHiviamno nfn.l-
ing during the day and the other up to
uiiuuigiii. -inicaiy siuouea as these
foundries are with heavy machinery, and
obstructed &fl the 1 1 rh t miict rxvouaarilrf
be by the ponderous cranes, drills, sup.
wiuuuiD auu pivjwuuns, tk clear
ixul IS inniWTl nnon I ipmaphinanr nflF.
fectly iliuminating it. Adjustments to
to the thirtv-secnnrl nf n'n inch mtttr ho
made without the least strain upon the
eves. j. ueauuiui enect ot this light is
us puiarizauon mat mottiea apgear
ance which, it Manmi vltMn fuiHur,
thrOUffh Class. Thin in the nnlir urtifi
cial light, it is said, that is capable of
The following' is an estimate, marie hv
an expert, of what it, wojid cost to light
me streets oi jxew roric with these
ghts : The average street burner gives
light eoual to ten candles. Assnniintr
that one of the eight electric lights pro
duced by the power of one machine is
equal to four thousand candles, and as
suming thai, there are fiVa thnncunit
lamps, each lamp burning twenty cubic
1 . . " A.
goa ou. uuur, at a cost oi if I a
thousand feet, it would require twelve
and a half of these machines to furnish
all the light required. The cost of the
gas bv a roup-h estimnto wnnlrl Ko inn
an hour. To produce the same light by
electricity wtmld require, say, thirteen
machines. I)1iued nnnn trrarom TKo
cost of a single light equal to that of one
luuusanu canuies, wouia oe three cents
an hour. Each machine giving four
thousand candle, lights wrnlVt onst tt.oro
fore, twelve cents an hour, and thirteen
wouiu cost $1.00 an hour.
DESERTED TILLAGES.
Changes in the Pennsylvania Oil Regions.
A young man who used to be engaged
in business in the oil country, during
i j u.. , 0, mw.i c. 1 L V 1 e i L
writes the following: While roaming
luiuugu iuc un country, our interest was
excited by having certain localities
pointed out to us as the place where
once stood a small city. Perhaps no
yen i ui iuv uu region snows this as
much as that sitnutml notwoon nn
and Titusville, and no place as much as
i cuuicuiu venter, we stand amazed
and almost doubt the truth of our in
formant when vp nro trii tlia k;, ;
the Petroleum Center which we saw ten
years ago. At that time, as the name
implies, 11 was me center of the land of
grease. Surrounded as it was by the
best oil producing country, it could not
be otherwise. Vast numbers of houses,
stores, machine shops, etc., were erected
in a short time, and in 1868 it was a city
of 3,000 or 4,000 inhabitants. Everybody
in oildom knew of Petroleum Center.
The citv had lifint-c i
J lUIJIVUITt IIVWjIOj
largo business houses, and could boast
" . i . . C jy i .
uncc ur mur tuie, ;jyiurciies. The
whole country around tli3 place was a
city. At night it was almost impossible
to get through the great crowds of peo
ple collected for pleasure. Wliat a
change. Nothing can be compared to
it except the destruction of war. In
stead of fine residences, the ground is
now used for potato patches ; a road
marks the place where the principal
street was; the churches yet stand, but
nobody remains to attend them. Per
hans there ota inn. inhoKttanta ;n
X .ww .... n.xi 13 111 UtC
town now. North of Petroleum Center
we were shown the place where in '66
and '67 was the famous Benninghoff
Run. There remains not. a ui irn nf umr
thing ever having been there. As many
will namomha. ,1 . nnA . 1. . t .
oil territories in the country at that
time. On the northern part of this farm
was a small town by the name of Dub
lin. It had 200 inhabitants and was the
terminus of the Rennino-hnff Dim rail
road. Not a single house remains. In
fact, one would think, not knowing any
better, that it had never been cleared.
Many towns like this have gone the
same way. , But perhaps the next in im-
iwiuuiuc jriuiuitj, luiKe jreiroieum
Center it. Ih nPArlv nrnna WKon r 12
'J fjvuv. tV MlsU V. U.
Duncan, who died in Glasgow some
years ago made his will he left to a
i;uun;u nuiuie, $zo,uuu. uuring the
legislation whieh follnTroH
was sent to find the church. They re-
lurneu anu stated mat no such building
existed, nor could they find any one who
ever knew nf it The fWto am hsr.
Mr. Duncan was in Pithole the church
existed in a flourishing condition. But
it uou uupieareu long oeiore me com
mittee went there. On accout of this,
more than anything else, Mr. D. was
thought to have been crazy when he
made his will.
Sec'y Sherman on the Maine Election.
Washington, Sept. 10. Sec'v Sher
man said to-day that the Maine election
demonstrates several points, the most im
portant of which is that the Greenback
party will absorb the Democratic party,
and that this will sooner or later natur
ally tend to a general reorganization of
parties on the currency question. The
Republican party, he maintained, repre
sents the true spirit of the business in
terests of the country. With that branch
of the Democratic party which does not
sympathize with the inflationists, and
which is in favor of honest money and a
strict adherence to the pledges of the
Government, the Republicans will form
eventually the dominant political organ
ization.
The Secretary said' that the nrevalent
..roooif
idea that the issue of two hundred mil
lions more of greenbacks will relieve the
industrial interests and revive trade is
based upon a very erroneous theory.
Such a step would tend to inflate values,
while the purchasing power of the green
back would hot be proportionately enhanced.-
Moreover it would renew the
fluctuations of gold and the variations
between gold and currency which have
been so ruinous to business since the
close of the rebellion. He could not see,
even if Congress were to authorize an
additional issue of greenbacks, how it.
would be of any practical benefit to those
who are now clamoring for more money,
unless the money were to be distributed
gratuitously or disbursed in the ordina
ry transactions of the Government. The
only effect, in the opinion of the Secre
tary, would be reactionary, and the un
doing by legislation of what is now on
the verge of accomplishment the res
toration of fixed values to the circulat
ing medium of the country. - All the
legislation necessary to perfect tlie ob
jects of the resumption act ia now on the
statute books, and any effort to reverse it
will be disastrous to the country. The
Secretary added that if he had not been
so much .embarrassed by conflicting
views, the end would have been reached
before this. In the general results the
Secretary said it might not be surpris
ing if the Greenback party held the bal
ance of power in several of the States and
in Congress soon. -
There is some style about the Green.
backers of Texas. Their platform de
mands the issue of two billions of dol
lars in paper money! One naturally
wonders that while they were at it they
didnt demand the traditional "forty
acres and a male." , . ,
"Is there an opening here for an intel
lectual writer?" asked a seedy, red-nosed
individual of an editor. "Yes, my
friend," said the man of quills, "a con
siderate carpenter, ioreseeing your visit,
left aa opening for you ; turn the knob
to the right."
A Specimen Financier.
A friend recently related to us a little
incident which he met with, and which
edified him to a high degree. He had
been 1 intensely disgusted with Elder
Mitchell's harangue at the "Harvest
Home," and a few days afterwards, was
on his way toward a neighboring city,
when he came up with one of the most
ZealoUS leaders of the f3muen1.alr narf.
of this county, driving several voun
,ur, m a uw vrrjr . mmiy conuiuon.
Our friend C-h ia n Tw
way,) struck up a conversation, and the
iuuuw mg is uie substance oi . the col
loquy:
Dei
ing your calves ?"
Greenhacber "T nm latini,
the city, to raise a little monev to nv
my taxes. The farmers are robbed to
pay taxes, while the bondholders are ex
empt. I tell you, the government must is
sue greenbacks, and pay off these interest-bearing
bonds, and if we must have
bonds, issue the incontrovertible bonds
ui meir steau. '
D. ''Yes, I know times are bad; but
We have mod Cmnn this vmp nne limiKi
Will be a little better for nn Hour riirl
your wheat turn out ?"
. "vveu. the iact is, wheat has been
so low, that it has not paid to raise it. I
sowed but little last fall, and don't think
I will have enough to bread my family.
We never will have prices that will pay
11 R for nnr tnKor until the imwowmiaw
... , ....... .....
issues sufficient greenbacks to give at
kmi uiiv uunara per capita.
D. Yes. nlentv of moneir ia n mvui
thing. But as it is, we can manage to
get a little money, now and then. How
in voilr nom . .
ii "Hnm hell I l
per years, corn has not been worth haul
ing to market, and I have become so dis
couraged, that I put in but little this
spring. Unless congress repeals the. re
sumption act, and gives us the green
back, we may as well turn our corn-fields
out."
D. "But vou have a lot. of hora to
market, this fall ? They will bring some
thing." G. "No. T nolo1 nil mv ctmula ;n
spring, and have not enough left for my
own meat. For the last two years, hogs
have not nirl for their rginni, on1 T
haven't got the corn to feed them, if I
nao. me nogs, government goes on con
tracting, and conrracti
ing the currency, and the people are
coming to want."
u. "well, we needn't starve, as long
as we can raise enoncrh to eat TTonr in
your potatoes getting along "
G. "Potatoes ! I planted only about
half a dozen rows, and don't know
whether I could find them now. You
can't get enough for potatoes to pay for
he gets poorer every year. The country
uiutrvi, uuiena uie government comes
to our relief at once. Give us about
three hundred bill
- - UUl 1U1 a 4 MM
greenbacks, absolute money, and you
n-jii hot umi nines once more."
Our friend savs he left, tlie Til n n ioineil
to his idols. He is but one of manv.
There are hundreds of thousands of
irreenbacks wnitino-
something to exchange for them. If ab
solute money were issued by the wagon
to exchanp-e for it Yot 1.
D .... v , nivi ui , olvicd
of men who neglect their farms, in order
i wttMie uieir time in Clamoring tor
greenbacks. You see 1 iere a farm tlmt
has been left unplanted; there one in
which the weeds are so thick among tlie
corn, that it looks as if the weeds were
being raised for a crop, and some corn
had accidentally got among them ; there
the mortrA0fR nnnn it nnnthov tlia tiaa
a o I j vu v uun
been let out to tenants and croppers ex
clusively; anu many others that show
neglect. Inquire, and you will find that
a majority of these farms are owned by
men who spend their time clamoring
for more OTeenhflcks while iron iSnil oH
joining farms thrifty, and their owners
i jic-u wiHi uerreeu tnai man snouia earn
his bread bv the rwam nf hia f
tin. j i . . .
established a law that no government
can repeal, and for which no running
around and clamoring for greenbacks
can answer as a substitute. Troy Chief.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Veg-etine
PURIFIES THE BEOOD & GIVES
STRENGTH.
Dn Oitotn. li.i. Jan ai lara
Me. H. K. Stevens :
Dear Sir Your MVeontinn luut. an-
ing; wonders for me. Have been having- the
Chills and Fever, sontracted in the swamps
of the Seuth, nothing- givii.g- me reiiet until I
began the use r your Vegetlne, it giving- me
immediate relief, toning up my system, puri
fying my blood, giving strength; whereas all
other medicines weakened me, and filled my
system with poitoa; and I am satisDed that
ii iamuies uu live in the ague districts of
the Sooth and West would bk v
or three times a week, they would not be
truuuieu witn me vniiis" or Uie m&lignant
Fevers that prevail at certain times ot the
year, save doctors bills, and live to a good
old age. Respectfully yours.
.' " , J K MITCHELL,
Agent Henderson's Looms, St. Louis, Ho.
All Disc asks of tbi Blhiiil it vmnwr.
inc will relieve pain, cleanse, purify and
cure such diseases,, restoring the patient to
perfect health, after trying different physi
cians, many remedies, suffering for years, is
it not conclusive proof, if you are a sufferer,
you can be cared? Why is this medicine per
lormiuir such crest cures? It wnrli in h
blood. In the circulating fluid. It can truly
be called the titui Blood Puklfikb. The
great source oi disease originates In the blood,
and no medicine that does not act directly
nnon it. to Dnrifv and rnumio. ha an v
claim upon public attention.
Vegetine
HAS ENTIRELY CURED ME OF
VERTIGO.
Cairo. Ili. .Tan t iim
Ma. H. K. Stevens:
Dear Sir: I have nsed savcrs.1 hnttlM nt
"V sobtikx," and it has cured me of Vertigo.
I hare also nsed it for Kidney Complaint. It
is the best medicine for Kinder Complaint.
I would recommend it as a good blood purt-
cr. . . - H. I UtUH.
P AT JC AMD DlSKAfTE- Cnil wo aTMrlfaiaa.
joy good health when bad or corrupt humors
cirouiaw wuD o utooa, causing pats ana
disease; and these humors, being deposited
through the entire body, produce pimples,
eruptions, ulcers. Indigestion, costiTeness.
headaches, neuralgia, rheumatism, and nu
merous other complaints Remove the cause
by taking VsorriME, the most reliable rem
edy ior cleansing and purifying the blood.
Yegetine.
I BELIEVE IT TO BE A GOOD
MEDICINE.
Illll. 0 Mlirh 1 1BTT
Ma. Stevens: . .
Dear Sir: I wish to inform vou what your
Veretine has done for ma. I !ivm boon m
ed with Neuralgia, and after using three bot
tles of the Vegetine was entirely relieved. I
also found my general health much improved.
I believe it tobe a good med'cine.
l ours truly, KEI. H AKYE8TICK.
Vsoxtikb thoronarhlv cndiMiM wn v iA
of humor, and restores the entire system to a
healthy condition.
Vegetine.
DRUGGIST'S REPORT.
H R.' StivekS:
Dear Sir : We have been aellinv vmy.
etlne" tor the past eighteen months, and we
take pleasure in stating that in every ease, to
onr knowledge, it has given great aatislac-
BUCK COWGIIXj Dmggists, -Ilieknian,
Ky.
Yes:etiiie
IS THE BEST SPRING MEDICINE.
; VEGETINE.
4 Trrriarit4rl lr
II. It. STEVENS, Boston, Mass.
CS VEGETINE IS .SOLD BY ALL
DRUGGISTS.
TTEO HERMAN,
Dealers in Meats of all . Kinds!
Have now on hand and for sale cheap a large
amount of Pork, Ham, Shoulder and Bacon,
thoroughly aaited, cured nod smoked, and
eoual to Inn verv he.fc LhmM ran Tm ffutarl
where. They have also a large qoantity of
V. J iasx-ret wr fKmmi. taii ana see it.
All orders receive prompt attention, and
dealers are particularly requested to give as
a call. The best of Beet, button and Veal,
as usual, kept at onr markea, on wee side of
Commercial street, opposite JP. O- fem porta.
NO. 39.
LEGAL NOTICES.
NfYTtrr
Notice is hereby given tbat at the next reg.
, uuun vt wudij iximmit-
sionersof Lyon countv, Kansas, there will be
presented to said board a petition praying
- " w--awpuvi 0uurui. Avenue ana vail
m m certain town
site known as Jay's addition to the City of
,uai own mwu sice is improvea
and not embraced within the corporate limits
va au uiwriui.uxi city. .rTlLLlAHJAl,
A. 8. TANDY,
- W. W. HIBBEN.
85-6t W. H. H. WOOD, by L.wl
District Court, Firth Jcdioial District, Lyon
. - frva vena, as- . A 13 UI .
R flnrrwiV tr. T Xl-.
r. r.- V i I T . . ""? one oi
... -'i".i vy wuteuiiiiijr wiinia ana ior toe
above entitled cau, I will, on Mondar, the
i ay September, 1878, at 10 o'clock a!
It i A i-.m.. .4 ... I. . . ... ..
oi import a. Lyon county, Kansas, offer lor
sale at public auction to the highest bidder
tor cash, tha following described real estate.
the town of Heosho Bapiils. Lyon county,
Kansas. 6a id real estate will be sold as the
nroriArrv nf tha rfAfAmiaii .a ...... . . -
order of sale.
Sheriff's office, August SSd, 1878
R. HV I h ULM XT IT.I. CI ism -
Sl-5t Actios- Shni-IIT l.vnn -v..
Sheriffs Sale.
wjuuij, auhiu, iistnci "jonrt.
John Wiggam vs. J. G. Tray lor, Adm'r.
"J aa vi au Ml ltJl Hie ISSUCU Out OI
the District Court or Lyon county, Kansas,
in the above entitled cause, I will, on Tues
day, October 15th, 1878, at ten o'clock a. m .
at the front door of the court house in Em-
puna, .jyvn countv, ivac 88, offer ior sale at
public auction to the highest bidder for cash
The undivided half of southeast quarter seo-
aavaa hamtcu, a,UU BOnil tlKlI nOatneaSS OUar-
ter, and northeast quarter northwest quarter
section twenty-one, all in township nineteen,
range twelve. Also, east half section twenty-three
and southeast quarter section twenty-two,
both in township twenty-one. range
EVMVa. Alu, BAlfhaact nn... ..J ' ... i .
, -. taaaa avr fcHU "3 OaU
northwest quarter section twenty-four, town-
fitiin Iwanttr 1 1 i .
VI h ..a. avaaa MJ (aa MMl aS UiC
property of said defendant to satisfy said or
der of sale. 11. B. LOWE. Sheriir
Lyon county. Kansas.
ChorifT'. Colo
wiici in a wait;.
District Court, Filth Judicial District, Lyon
aaaaaaaj, awisu,
S. L. Sargent, v. H. D. Curtis, et at.
the District Cdurt of Lyon county. In the
BtlAD. . . A r 1 I . . .
80th day of September, 1878, at 10 o'clock
a. m., at the front door of the court house in
the city of Emporia. Lyon county, Kansas,
offer for sale at public auction to the highest
bidder for cash, the following described real
estate, to-wit: Commencing at the north
west corner of the south-west quarter of sec
tion twenty-nine, township nineteen, range
twelve; thence running east sixty rods;
thence south one hundered and sixty rods;
thence west sixty rods; thence north one
hundred and sixty rods, to piaceof beginning,
containing sixty acres in Lyon county. Kan
sas. , .
Said real estate will be sold as the property
pt the delendants, H . D. Curtis, f aL to sat
isfy said order of sale.
Sheriff's office, Ansnst S6th, 1818.
B. F. IltWIN, Acting Sheriff
35-5t Lyon county, Kansas
Delinquent Tax List.
Notice Is hereby given : That so much of
each tract of land or town lot, described in
the following list, and situated in the county
of Lyon, and State of Kansas, as may be nec
essary for that purpose, will, on the 28th day
of October, A. D , 1878, commencing at nine
o'clock in the morning and continuing until
sold, be sold at public auction, at the County
Treasurer's office in the court house in Em
poria, Lyon county, Ksnsas,for the taxes and
charges thereon; the same being the delin
quent taxes and charges thereon for the
year 1877: JOSEfU ERNST, Co. Treas'r.
iMtcrlptUm. s. T. It.
8WX 1 18 14
3 X of s e X as 17 10
EX of 8 e ii ...84 19 10
KH of ne 88 19 10
n vr 88 19 10
EX of s w J 8 SO 10
WXofnwx 7 SO 10
8 w X T SO 10
EXofnwX 8 SO 10
9eX. SO 10
E X of s w X 9 SO 10
Lot 1 in I. S. Lewis' addition to Emporia.
9 X of n x of lot 2 in I. N. Lewis' addition
to Emporia. 88-4 1
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
JATIS STABLES,
JAMES H. DAVIS, - - PnorniETOB
Fourth Avenue, near Court House,
Only First-class Bigs. EMPORIA, KAS.
"171 RANK McCAIN,
Plain and Ornamental Plasterer!
Em ron i a. Kansas.
Materials furnished and work done on short
aavaij m uw ut manner.
Tj"1 -W. SPENCER,
DRUGGIST AND CHEMIST,
Council Grove, "''isnn,
PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES
At moderate Prices.
rTlHE BEST BRICK t
Ihave now on hand and for sale 150,000 brick,
tho best ever made in Lyon county.
CftKAP for Cash!
Also, a large supply of No. 1 pressed brick,
cheap for cash. Apply at the old brick yard,
or address A. 8. POLLARD
JpHIL. aT. HE1LMAN,
M AMXTFACTCBka OF
A Good Stock always on hand at Lowest
Prices.
Repairing Done Neatly and Cheap.
Qi P. THEM,
Boot and Shoe Maker.
All kinds of Foot Wear made to order in
the best style. Repairing promptly attended
to. Shop on west side of Commercial St., a
few doors south of 6th avenue.
EMPORIA, KANSAS.
CTEA POWER
WOOD WORKING FACTORY
Plans and specifications lor all kinds of
buildings furnished. I ship in my lumber,
and can give low 11 gores on all contracts.
factorv and shop on Commercial Street,
just north ot Seventh Avenue, Emporia.
Give me a call. K. F. SPRAGTJE.
CHANZE'S SHOP.
ilaving employed the best bone shoer ia
Kaunas, and moved my blacksmith shop to
the building lately occupied by amuel Jones,
' ON WXTH AVENUE,
I have the best Blacksmith and Wagon shop
a. aiiwjviia. au atvra. UVUCJ ,U HJB tT UtAfft
manner. Horse shoeing a specialty. Give
nai a aiaill Si aV-aP Id V u jr., . a
"jQ C. SPKNCEH,
CA&PENTER AND BUILDER
Shop on Sixth avenue, near the Old Madison
House,
EMPORIA, KANSAS.
All kinds of wood work done on short no
tice and at reasonable rates. Call and see me
woenever you want an; this r done in the way
of carpenter work and building.
B
RICK.
GOOD BRICK CHEAP FOR CASII.
We have stow on hand over one hundred
and fifty thousand riKST-CLAaS BRICK,
and still making thousands more. We eOer
them for sale as cheap as good brick eaa be
bought any where.
Brick work done in good shape, CHEAP,
and on sbortnotice, Rohxhbskkt Vorm.
-JTINDSOR HOTEL,
Renovated and Re-furnished,
J. Gardner, Proprietor.
Opposite the A. T. A H. K. Depot,
EMPORIA, KAS..
Largest Hotel and best Sample Boom in the
citv. Terras reasonable. Baggage transfer
red from Santa tfe depot to sample room free
of charge.
B. LOWE,
Central Liyery, Feed aid Sale Staples
Tia iHAat Wraaafa.Ta, T ... m a a a. i i n aa C
SovTHkiif Kansas, rtonble and single
teams, with the best and nicest carriages and
buggies ia the e.ty, ready at nil time.- Also,
addle hones for ladies and gentlemen.
Boys and sells hones, buggies an4 car
riages. . ...
Imperial attention given to boarding nones
the week.
TEATEB ft BUX,
Successors to Helwlg Lane.
WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS
EMPORIA, KAN.
Cor. Commercial St. and 4th Art.
inr a rtru irmr of wots, uauosg.
. Ann eiSAXa. .
OLD COPPER DISTILLED
Kentucky Bourbon and Ry9J Whiskie.
Will duplicate all Leavenworth. Kansas
City, St. Louis, or Chicago bills
WJCAVJSR BltC
ht mori.i Wens,.
PUBLISHED EVERT FRIDAY AT
EMPORIA, LYON COUNTY, KAN.
BY 8T0TLER A GRAHAM.
Tn ms ia.OO per Yesvr, la Adrane.
ATTORNEYS.
at-. J AT BUCK. I., n. KCLLDflfl .
BUCK A KELLOGG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Amnarli. guuu.
Offioe in News block.
. HF.VRT A PIT TV
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW.
I Nassaa St.. Mew York Citv. Vtllkiina
promptly made in all parts of the East, and
general legal onsinsa transacted. 43-tf.
ALKXKIX IU.BTT. ' K. K. FOBSS.
1 GILLETT A FORDE,
A 'I"!1" DVWC aaffi a a or .
Oflice front room in Eakridge building.
9. P. PAYNE,
ATTORWUV AT T.AW -M .,
Commercial St. and Fourth Ave.
RUGGLES, 8C0TT A LYXX,
ATTARVRVa APT.AW - nrm .
. ... . v 1 1 ii ... , a ,rraiTiiiiT7w a a.
all the State and Federal Courts. ;
C. B. BACHILLSa. . at. BACHBXLXK.
BACHELLE& A BACHELLKR,
ATTORVKTS- AT V. A W l-Wan. aNa V.
. ... v,va a us, a
tional Bank. Emporia. Kas. - - -
O. If. STBBBT. T. H. IIIMTICI.
STERRY A SEDGWICK,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. KmnmU. tTanaaa
will practice in the several Courts ol Lyon.
Osage. Coffey, Ureenwood, Chase. Harvey,
Marion, and Morris oounties,Kansas ; in the
Supreme Court of the State, and in toe Fed
eral Courts for the District oi Kansas.
. V.CUNNINOBAM. " W. T. M'OABTY
OUNNi.NttHAM McCARTT,
a x. i o a a A.A. w , JEJn porta, Kansas.
Will DFAattlAaa in All ftH. Ka.a m.. ,
Courts. Office in Hm black.
PHYSICIANS.
DR. W. W. HIBBEX,
OFFICE Over Dnnlap t Co'a. Bank.
J. W. TEUEWORTHT. V. n
PHT8ICIAN mn BITBiivnv ir.v. i.
Kansas. '
J. J. WEIGHT, X. D,
OFFICE narrim n.v r i
denca on West street.
JOHX A. MOOElT"
PRTRIfTT A Ttf inn HTTBawenir na
hl Dtok store, to. 150 Commercial St.
SURGEONS A HOJtEOPATHIC PHTSICIA1S8.
DRS. N ELLIS Jt RHITHBlrpxr im
mercial street, west side, between'st and 6th
SlfVUUIW,
L. D. JACOBS, JL D,
OFFICE in Perley A Ryder's drag storf.
DR. F. Z. NEDTlFV.
a- . , . - . - - " - uaoawin, JKl-BUUate
of Berlin, Prussia. OOJoe, over L D. Fox fc
Co's. bookstore, Commereial St. Entrance
ti ataira-av lkaxlavaauH I ..,.) . a
Tl rf ITTlT 4TIIT1 DnVDimitf i .
. . J . . . .- aaava a, imiu am UWW
and Butler A Co's. grocery store. Treats all
aa-aa vuivuiu UJOCaSOT, KUU UlBKOS A SDO-
elalty of eye and ear diseases; also, asthma
and throat troubles, and all diseases Incident
to women and children.
C. W. T.im
PRVAm A TIT ivnanoniKAu n
----. . . uuawa . urnn over
Clapp boot and shoe store ln Union block,
Km lUtH Paakis aa A. .Al.a '
AMywav. aswwy n ymup,
DBS. LAWEENCE A LAWRENCE.
DR. J. a. LAWKXXCI. DB.T1NN1BB.LAWBBNCB
Oculist and Anrlst I Obstetrics and Disease
I of Women.
W. B. ROCP,-
PHTSTPf IV A HnnnOTlTTDTriiv t a
''"yuauautvian, ncRil
In r. I. von Co . Eu. niHoaiacjinA. a . . .
office. Will attend calls day or night. Sti-If
MISCELLANEOUS.
BAEWICK'S LIVERY STABLE, '
ON Ka ranth av flmt a.klaa ... . rv
... ' , - - .MvaaTO aa. HI vvua
mercial St. Charges moderate.
Ia. H. ANDERSON,
ffluoiv; lAAuiitu, witn Hall, waite ft Co.
Instruction given on piauo and organ.
tAfi.-.wIHaT0BAPHIC. ,
. nUa uiaaw au atUUI aUlU SlAeS Ol IIO
tures, and also will go any distanoe to make
pictures oi resiliences, landscapes, teams, Ac.
Entranoe to gallery nrat door south of Wicks
Jk. KAnnArr'a uawuAw
w AfYUHiva as m SWV4
HOTEL DIRECTORY.
Park Plaob Hotel W. r. ij,thnr
prietor. Tnree story brick hotel, near the
A.T.A8. K. flAtiait With aa.l..
, . .1 1 " . v.vu.a.aaw avuuuiuiu.
dutions. Transient rates, $3.00 per day.
JUEBOBABTS HOTBla H.U. Innes. proprle.
tor. corner Merchants street and 4th avenue,
one block north of the A., T. A 8. F. depot.
Excellent accomuiodatioi.8. Three sample
rooms. Transient rates, $3 00 per day.
Winbbob Botbl J. Gardner, proprietor.
This is a large frame hotel, near the A X. k
& SB a4aaWL aTAasl a, 1 a. T Ml
. . . iwiv. "WU avajajajlUUaOUUllOUS . TntX'
sient rates, $1.00 per day.
ExroEiA Houbx C. C.Binman, proprietor.
New frame hotel, on Commercial street, a
lew ruu .ouui 01 me a , a. o. r. railroad.
Good accommodations . Transient rates, $1.00
raAst Hut
8HJ.RMAK HonRI TlBini: Am nTrt srl rvr..!
tor. Tho btorr brick boteK An i s.mmtir..al
fttrtt- M. Crv wVWla tis-ssW K f tha A rr BV sj .-
raiiroitU. Good accommodations. TratuJent
rates. 1.00 per day.
. JJt 1 VWCI1.
proprietor. lrge frame hotel ou bth ave
nue, a few rod east of Commercial street, and
close to the business center of the city. Good
accommodation!.. TranmiMnt. rntjM w OA aaM
day. '
Indiana Houbb Van Mfhiiimia-k n.a.i..
tor. Two story frame hotel, on Union street.
a JflW null annth nf t h. a T1 a. u 1 1 i
taood accommodations. Transient rates. $1.00
per day.
; ' ... a aaaiva, J" Ul'l tUIVI . ja,
large Irame hotel, at the Emporia junction of
tbe A., T. A S. r. and M, K. A. T. railroads.
tjKxxl accommodations. Transient rates. $2 00
per day.
FlT.T.r UntTaae A Vnllaa a..la.. a
WtxaON'S BOTIL-W. Tt. Wlxvin nmnrlaa-
Mvwa aaa aauiuuii.
junction. air accommodations. Tratasient
tnr '! Kia ia a naar fram. Kt.l . L' . , 1
rates, 11.00 per day.
' " ' - .wa aa . iimiki UWOft
at the M., K. at, T. depot. Fair aooommoda'
VlVTAVAL TTWafT. TKla Ca a k.l
..vu.. A.Bua.uu. aaaMa, .a.vu ,r uaj.
RESTAVBAHT OIRECTORT.
Pbbmcb'B RE8TAUBAHT P.J. French, pro
prietor. Commercial street, neary opposite
the pox to IB oe. - Meals, tooeatsf taMe board at
mOalemtal rates . . laa rrmm m n.l A0aaaM lH
their seasons.
STOKB'B RcbtaCBant-Wm. Stone.proprie
tor. Corner Commercial street and 7th ave
nue, one block north of the postoffioe. Meals,
as cents; table board at reduced rates, ice
cream and oysters in their season.
BARBER SHOP BIRECTOBT.
Habbt Lbibpbibd's Babbbb Shop and
Bath Roona. West side Commercial street.
hotWAHn at r Ii Snil ftlh seann. IJa..-. JA a
" -at-Ma -bum vtu bwwvu us cunyr; v OVUIA,.
bair-cnttln So cents. Hot and co'd baths to
Hbcstis Babbbb Shop. West side Com-
ffnaaaaaiaal aa ma ...... .. . K.k
, aaw aaaaa a, CU UC .
Shaves, 10 cents ; hair-euUtng, 15 cents.
hausblbb'b babbbb shop ahd Bath
Rooms IM Commercial street, east side, be
tween 5t h and 6th avenues. Shaves, 10 cents :
h a i H vi . aaa Ana. J. . l . 1 1
. Ft. ,va ml II a. 1V.
and cold sola-Water baths to order.
Stafpobd'S Babbbb Shop. Corner Cem
mercial street and oth avenue. Shave 10
cents; hair cutting, cents.
seal Estate mrectobt.
Thb News Rbsi. Estatb AegMcr Stotler
A Graham, over the Postoffiee, Emporia, Ly
on county, Kansas. Do a general real estate
business. Onr list comprises Thirty thousand
acres of good unimproved land in Lyon eoun
tv, a large number of Improved Farms, from
10 to aOO acres each, and all kinds of city ami
suburban property. The only complete and
aecurrate plats or Lyon eonnty are at our ol
Bee. Land buyer furnished all information
in onr power and cordially invited to call or
write. The Land Buyer, onr real estate pa.
lcr, kui, iron u any wiur
niAN CONNER,
EMPORIA CARRIAGE FACTORY 1
Horseshoeing and Repairing.
Mechanic St., bet. 6th ajtd 7th Av.
Km porta, Kan.
Carriages and wagons made to order.' All
kinds of repairing and lobbing done in tbe
best manner by skillful workmen. Price
very reasonable. We invite an inspection of
our work and guarantee satisfaction . Come
and ee ns. RYAN COWWER.
T.
MeClTLLOUGH CO.
DBAI.BBS 1ST
Staple and Fancy Groceries!
COUNTRY PRODUCE
of all kind taken in exchange for goods.
OOmCERCIAL street,
two doers above the Post Office.
EMPORIA, KANSAS.
j BOBTOK, . j
KKATi ESTATB AGENT
'. Emporia, - -
Pay Taxes, redeems lands sold tor taxes.
Will notify parties amonatot tax due
in tune to save penalty. , r
8ead Bern York exchange or P.O. order.
Tax Sbcbiptb sent st Rbtcbv Maii, oh
BXCaUPT OP MOMXT.
Enclose stamp, description of lands post
. . . otUoe addresa. , -.
Real Estate bought and Sold on Commission.
' Call on or address " i
B. BORTOIT, ;
Xmporia, Lyon Co, Kaasas.
Uean make r-t-r Bf work for ns"
than atantliii:K m iial not re-"
qnired; wo ni i . u mT &m.t
at home made i.y i r , . ,1U, u umi. Men.
women, boys and girl- uti,. f. errwhera to
weskforns. Bow is .1 uu . vosUy outfit
ad term slree. Address v-iy
A C, Auansta, iiains.

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