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The Brooklyn Eagle, a Democratic
journal, says ' of General Garfield that "It would be hard l couvinre bis con gressional associates of any party that he was not an honeft tuau in ajiecuniary sense." ' The Academic board of examiners of West Point have found W hi tinker defi cient in philosophy. The fact that he silt his own ears instead of those of his persecutors, rather point to the wisdom of this verdiU. The country has great reasou to thank God that congrms has ailjournetf, and that the liotiibou IVmoeruey re mniueil true to the illiislriiiua record whh-h it M'ored, tuning', the illieh iit reoperation of the reU-l lirigndieni, dm inir lite extra nni-ii-ii. All eastern exiimnirc has ili.seuveri-il the fact that James I an uinpu-ioin name for a preoidentinl r;tnliiliile. James Madixnp, James Monriie, .Iuiuim K. Polk and J allien Hiichuna.'i have id ready occupied the chair of the clilrl' executive, and General Garfield ill lie the ft flu president clitcii who iiears that name. The people of this country haven't l-nt T,G,1K7.-I3.3f.'i to put dtn a Democratic reliellint in order to hand she control of the government over l the party which aided and abetted the rime, by defeating a uian who has de feuded the principles of the Ilcpublican party in the Held and has la-en their leading champion in congress for the last fifteen years. We know TliK Nkws don't amount to a great deal, but it has the power to boild a little article in Jess than tin hour that will throw the "Spoon river lstes uian" into a condition resembling "jini jams, take him off the streets for two whole days, ami cause him to tear hi i sorrel liair and roll over the floor iike a lboy wit'.i the green-apple belly-ache." ftich is life in the far went. The supreme court of Indiana hits overthrown the coustifutlonal amend ment which changed the time of hold, ing the state elections from October to November. The Democratic Judiciary of the Hooaier state is evidently oppos ed, on principle, to any departure from the time-honored plan of preserving the purity of the ballot-box by the aid of Kentucky troops at the polls. Mr. Chambers, the candidate for vice president on the Greenback ticket, is said ito be the proprietor of a bar'l. It is (probably owing to this fact, coupled with the favoring conditions of drouth land army worms in the fur east. Hoods in .the middle sections, and r.hiuchbugx in tthe west, that the flatists have been iter- :tuaded to make one more organized stand fur a "suOlcient currency." iBoth Garfield and Arlliur, the Chicago Journal says, wen) oulapoken auti sin rrjr Whigs before the Hepublieitu party waa organized. Arthur was a delegate in the Ilrmt ilepilJlcau Hiuie convention in New Yurik wa, iu fact, one of the founders of tlw party. Garfield wait young, but anient tutmircr oi unltlins tlie great anti-slavery cliiunpioji of Ohio, both before and ufter the yiuii.:iliii of the Republican party, and Ii.im n aentetl UuiiiuiKrt nlil itiHtriel in nuirrM -ever since, the latterVdenih. 1 1 1:1 - II 1 iii IP i i my VOL.. 23. EMPORIA, KANSAS, FRIDAY, . JUNE 25, 1880. NO. 26. The ntteinpt of the Democratic cou- lres to pave the way rbr a Ooiutitelt gov- niiiient, was so marked as to clearly inline Its action in" the event of vu cioii ti power of the Democracy Novemla r. In the event of such a Imlcful calamity, everv. barrier to the I!.ur!oii-.I xico programme will . lie sw pt aw iv, unit the corruption of ILe lidlot-lM, the subversinii of our present whoii-eome tart.'r system, ami iiit-alcula-lile injury to our . admirable financial metliixlf, will folio In the wake of Democrat ic ascendency. The Indiana Republicans have jnt tpul in nomination a strong and admiru ible stale ticket, and luivo announced tItUriii wlilt-lt will command tlie nip I poll -mf every voter who has the welfare of that commonwealth ut Ik art. The ! Democratic nominations are extremely weak and unpopular, an effort having Ibeen made in the selection of a state 1 ticket, to straddle the financial question rand the prospect is that the I (publicans wsaUI carry that important state by handMnie majority in November. The men ye -of president Hayes, veto ing the marsh lull, as passed by the Democratic majority in fnnifrcss, will Ik? found elsewhera in liti paper. . wis forth iu a clear and su-tWai-tor manner the reasons of tli ehiW tsxei u tlvc for his action, which, vrc believe, .will be sustained by all Republicans whose sense of justice and patriotism , have been outraged by the efforts of a I Bourbon congress to weaken the effect of tthe present election laws, and, by the air slM'n to the immediate dcftcicncy appronrW)ni hill of partUa-i riders, t open up the" Uy for a repetition of those fraudulent met Will at the polls by which it was sought to elevate the Dem ocracy to power in 17. Ily 'persisting In Its Andersonville pMiey, congress has kept the marshals out of iljcjr pay for another year, but there are euoilgli pa. triots in the Republican parly to jjuanl the purity of the ballot box, even in de fault of payment, and the desperate gamo of the Democrats to throw down those lawful barriers which hedge the polls against repeaters, tissue ballot vol- ers, and other Bourbon agencies, has 1 been blocked by a wholesome Repnhli . can law, which has been and will be en forced by a loyal Republican executive. his Uatv had coin larger ton i repie -wli.)l la J f' n. A MAN OF CONVICTIONS. ' (icneral Garfield's speech w hen lie "ffiuiaioiniiiiilftl for the senate is recalled . asarvmely ilix-titncnt new. Speaking . of Ittf ublic life, lie said : "Let me veii- ture toipoinl a aiiiulc instance in regard 1 to that work. During the twenty years that I have lx.cn in public (almost eighteen of it in Ihe congress of the t United Stales), I have tried to do one thing. Whether 1 was mistaken or .otherwise, it lias oecn the plan of my I fife to follow my conviction, at whatever t persona) cost to mysell. 1 have repre "afeauMl'for nMiy years a district in cou gross whose approbation I greatly de airec?, hut though jM-rhaps it may wcni a little ii. orf rgotiat'u-aJ to say it, I yet desired st.'U more th.e n.pinbaiion of one person. And uiult ' 1r,''', ' ' is ihe only mai. 1 m rnni-W" ' sleenu ii 1 ..... wh. and live w ith, and .lie will. I :. ' fuU 4 have approbation, I hIioiiuI .panionship. And in th stiluency which has called sent them now I . ,,,,1.. .1 true to myself, applying Hi,'. Saim Uld if I should 1h- ho uufoi lunate lose the confidem-e ..r ii.ia i- ... ... stiluency, J must do what every other fair minded man ha t do carry his polit ical life in his hands and take the cons.-, ipiences. Rut I must follow what it seems to me to - il. ,,y .,- rll(. , my life, and with thai view ot i. case and with that much personal referene,., I leave that subject." THE MEXICAN DBMOCRACY. The Hlicy of "masterly inactivity" w hich characterized the last wssion of the Forty-sixth tungmw, did not delude the public as to the purposes and spirit of a body whose utterances were temper ed to cover certain contingencies which a freer expression or iu real animus would have evoked at the polls in No vember. The lessons of the extra ses sion were so cxinviuclng as to appeal to - the small remnant of discretion pos by even tho futuitous brigadiers, and through the force or the fatal ex ample of such fire-eaters as Hill, Lamar and Blackburn, the Bourbons were en abled, daring the recently adjourned station, to place an embargo upon the freedom of seditious oratory which re sounded through the halls of the capital last summer and fall. But the policy of the Democratic national legislature waa none" the less determined, though comparative reti cence marked iu councils, and the rev olutionary measures of the extra sitssion, though not openly advocated by their former champions, nevertheless received the sanction of a majority Tote, and the renewed effort to substantially abrogate the federal election law by tacking to the appropriation bill for the support of deputy marshals, an obnoxioua rider, waa only frustrated by the loyalty of a Republican president, who promptly vetoed all bills so encumbered. A TIMELY SUGGESTION. It was not o be exjiccled lhat the ac tion of the ( l.icago convention would be endorsed w ith lhat ardent degree of enthusiasm that would have followed thw nominal ion of either of the candi- lates who had been prominently before the eye of the country lor weeks and months prior to that notable event. The popular interest, centered, as it was, in Mr. Itlaine and Gen. Grant, had made no reserve in favor or a p..RsilleUiira liorse, lthough that contingency had long been reckoned as among the probnbili ties of the Jinal outcome of a contest, the warmth of which stands unrivaled iu the history of eur national politics. Rut, even more tenacious than his religious' convictions, are the political predilections of the average Amer ican, and, despite our boasted democracy, there is a . certain hero-worship that flourishes on this free soil of ours wi'h marvelous vigor, and invests the obiect of lis hom age with attributes that render him not a literal autocrat, it is true, but a ruler of Ihcheartaof men, whose sway is more omnipotent than that of the enthroned monarch. In view of this proneness to lionize their favorites, it is not surpris ing that the people espoused with true American ardor, the causes of two of the greatest champions of Ihe priuci pies of Republicanism, and had In-come wedded to Rlaine and Grant as the politi r.al idols who completely absorbed the woishlp of their hearts. Roth of these great leaders were supported by as true a following as ever warmed the grati tude of a candidate for public favor, and when, in the strange mutations of poli tics It wan ordained that neither should gain the prize for which their friends had lwen so earnestly striving, but that it should be swarded to oue whose name bad not been mentioned in connection w ith its possession, it was not in the na ture of a marvel that a keen sense of disapuiintm"iit should possess the souls of the adherents of the defeated Candi dates, and that their hearts should not yearn in the fullness o first love to their victorious rival. The great misfortune was lhat men permitted their worship for the candi date to lra:isci.nd Iheir devotion to the l iik j jle of 1X11- party iih'u h are infiuitc I y paramount to any of its representa tive. They ha I wrought theiuselves up to that si 1 allure I' Unity that the destinies of 11 political organization that has sub. dued rebellion, obtained freedom fur the oppressed, queuched the tires of insur rection, redeemed its pledges to the peo ple, 11 n I out of weakness was made strong, had come to lnne upon the se lectiouofa single man among all the armies of Its patriots. Iu magnifying the instrument, they hail shamefully minimized the hand that directed it, aud had set the creature of tho Republican party above his graud creator. We have no word of disparagement for Gen eral Grant, who led our triumphant armies up against the hosts of the Philistines and conquered rebellion in I. it favored stronghold. Rut. long after the hero of Appomattox shall have passed away when his valiant deeds and his shiuing name shall live only in history. the grand, eternal principles of the party which made his success possible will survive and keep pace with the march of Ihe aes. .(! forbid that (lie time should ever come when i! laconics so recreant to its irniu I truat tl.ax its Mucesd shall I have to lie predicated upon the narrow liais of ihe personal popularity of simile man. The parly which does not possess fiioiigh of inlicieiil excellence and nobility of purpose to command the support of the people independent of the personal claims of its leaders, has indeed outlived its day, anil deserves to give place to inorc. vital and progressive pol icits. Iu General Garfield Ihe parly has a standard bearer who has been the zeal ous and able champion of all those priu eiplcs which have made it immortal Ills lite lias 1m en devoted lo its service and his pullc nvord has been in slr'u accord Willi all ol Us irrand purposes lie has foiiIii on the field aud in the fo. rum lor the supremacy ol I lit' national government over her armed foes and Ihe enemies to her peace within Ihe walls of her own c.ij.ilol. He has given the en crgics of his I.od y and Ihe treasures of his mind lo the promotion of sound gov eminent, and deserves Ihe hearty and im.'iniiiioii.-. support of every Republica who can rise above the petty atmosphere of personal chaiui into the clear sun lilil of a broad political faith in th eternal righteousness of the parly lhat lias saved the country, and is able to keep il in all the years to come. POLITICAL POINTS. The backbone of president Hayes is 81 ill there. j The grandfather ' of Garfield cauie from Wales. So says the Champion. The senatorial shoes ot 11 r. Garfield ' now. cover the only two feet of debatable official territory in the United Slate of Ohio. The Democratic congress propose to fight it out on the Andersonville line if it starves all the deputy marshal in the country. If the over-zealous friends "of the "si lent man" could only learn to emulate his reticence, it would lie vastly to their credit as Republicans. The . Waincgo Tribune, it is said, is grooming I ui Anderson as the dark liorse of the guliernatorisl rare in Kan sas. This is certainly important. If true. At the time of the nomination for vice president, Gen. Arthur waa the most prominent candidate in New York for the United States senate to succeed Senator Kern an. The only danger of division In the Re publican ranks is, that Mr. Garfield may bring suit for libel against the. enter prising and patrotic journals that bave been publishing wood cuts of his really handsome face. The Kansas City Times " makes a mo tion for a decent and truthful campaign. We know of no person who can exercise such a wide personal influence in the di rection of such a departure as the politi cal editor of that paper. Every Independent paper worthy of the namftin the country has endorsed heartily the nomination of Garfield and Arthur. Such unanimity among the op ponents of Democracy has rarely been witnessed since the Republican party was formed. v c b if I The New Normal Building. ADDRESS OF JUDOS BRJSWXB, LK1VMW0&TH, or HERE AND THERE It is intimated that Hanlan was backed by a syndicate. Hanlan wasn't as sick as Courtney. He only had a stitch in his side. Just sew. The army worm is wliooping up the Greenback boom in Connecticut and New Jersey. According to au aucient Greek tradi- ton. Democratic editors are transformed into Kansas barometers when they die. Au agricultural exchange advocates the use of hay caps. We fail to see why they should not become as popular as straw hats. To all mv friends I leave kind thoughts," said John Brougham in his will. This is confessedly a very choice bit of sentiment, but such legacies are most devclish tough on the legal frater- The counsel for the defence, iu the case if C'urrie, the Texas murderer, are play- ng tlie emotional insanity card, with rospects of success. If the prosecution wanted the prisoner hung, they should have hsd him indicted for horse-sleal- The debate over the question who first predicted the nomination of Garfield has been diflnitely and amicably settled. A cablegram from Cliira says that the event was prophesied by a celestial seer, Dallvmd at Ksnporls Vpssa tlM Uoa ml ttaa Maw X.nal UalMlB ea th lath l Jaw. 180. Filteeu years ago this month it wa my privilege and honor to deliver tht first commencement address in the his tory of the Normal. It waa in the be- ginning of things, in the days of your youth. Like the coneys, you were a feeble folk. A small building was your only home, a few scholars, a single in structor, ttnu ted Uo, an empty treasury, beyond the wheel and whistle of the lo comotive, on the borders of that&eto noir of the pioneer, the fresh American desert, at the close of the civil war, a war the mightiest that ever trod the earth with iu crimson step or smote the heavens with its roar and din. Yet with a faith which, though small as a mus tard seed, was strong enough to more mountains, grand enough to fill the pres ent with endeavor and the future with the spleudors of an ever widening and bountiful success. To-day we meet beneath the same J une skies, in the same beautiful city of the southwest, to commemorate, another epoch in the history of the Normal. Fifteen years of work done; something of faith ripened into fruition; something of prophecy become history. We meet to dedicate this building, which has risen, Phooenix-like, from the ashes, to dedicate it to the same high service. And yet how changed the surroundings,' how different the circumstances under which we meet. The scars of civil war are healing. The blue and the gray sleep beneath the same green sod, and each recuiring May looks lovingly down on a common wreath over their graves. No mure shall the war cry sever Or the winding- riven be red; Tbey baniati our anger lurever. w neo inev laurel me graves oi our ueau. Under the sod and tne dew Wailing the Judgment day l.ove and tears lor tne niue. Tears aud love lor the Graf ." The State of Kansas, struggling for liberty in her infancy, finds fulfilled the voice of prophecy: "Inasmuch as thou hast been faithful in a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things." A handful has become a great nation. This border citv is the center or a mighty people. The vanishing heels of the American desert are evermore chas ing the sunset, and soon it will pass public school ; with you and me it needs none. - Memories sweet and holy come lame from the early morning of life. sod, touched by those memories, my neart compels me to say, God bless the public school. .Nevertheless, the surest way to answer til objection and silence aud cavil, is not by words of praise and eulogy, but by making it the most efficient.. Give it the ctmost of iu power and it will de fend itself against every attack. Many things will increase this efficiency. I shall stop lo notice but one, and that the most important, the teacher. He is the central ' figure in the school. Around him revolves its work. With power in him the school is a success; without it, a failure.- With power in' in him the cheapest log house is aglow with light wnicn nils tne centuries with splendor; without it, the costliest and most extrav agantly furnished room is as void of light as the innermost crypt of the pyramid of Cheops. For, after all, the school room is but the work-shop in which the workman, the teacher, toils. And the quality of work depends on the skill and faithfulness of the workman rather than the beauty of the building in which the work is done. It is the skilled laborer that does the best work, as well as receives the best pay and occupies the most honored so cial position. And skill comes only from training. The days of inspiration are past. "Potsta natcitur non fit," sang for she baa neither the ocean, nor the commerce, nor the mineral, nor the an cient prestige, nor the forest, but central in that utighry sisterhood of states which, in tlie dream of ultimate Amer ica, fill this continent from ocean to ocean with the power, the wealth, the thought, the faith and the hope of the world, Kansas, the School State, the leader aud glory of them alL The duty of the hour is to perpetuate and improve the common school. Do I not let us mate tne mistake or con founding the school with the building in which .it dwells. Fine feathers do cot make fine birds, neither do fine buildings make fine schools. Not that either are to be despised. There is in the taste and beauty of home or school one educational power, that which leaves an impress ot good on the sensitive na ture of the young child. I admire a handsome school house as much as any one. 1 wiah that every district in the state might bave one, built in the latest style and with architectural symmetry and beauty, with ample grounds filled with trees and flowers, furnished with the most improved desks and a complete assortment of school apparatus. But better than building is teacher. It is the living force which incarnates his toric splendor into even unsightly walls and makes the erudest csbin the monu mental home of immortal fame. A countless throng of loving pilgrims press to look upon the little house where Shakspeare lived and died and the world holds among iu choicesU treasures Mt Vernon and Lincoln's tomb, but who knows or cares where Rothschild and Vanderbilt were buried. It is the idea which livts and ennobles. The intellectual and moral are the forces which endure. If we bow to the materi al and lose ourselves in the struggle for acres of cattle and dollars, we shall see. the historic splendors of our past van ishing away, and all that is fresh and grand in man and lite weighed in the balances of trade and found wanting. So if we put a little less into brick and a little more into brain, we shall do well by the comon school; we shall make it a mightier, better and more en during force. This, then is my argument, short and clear. We uphold, defend and per petuate the common school by giving it the most efficiency. That which, more than all things else, secures such effici ency is the trained and skillful teacher. The Normal supplies such a teacher. Therefore the Normal ! I am not insensible of the fact that there are two great Uifflculties in the practical solution of the Normal school problem. One is the brief continuance of Normal graduates in teaching. It is an unquestionable tact that many who pursue a complete Normal course, after three thousand years before the fall of I from a fact in geography ion my th in in the ancient days the Laun poet. This may still be true of poets, for they are the most erratic and law-defyine of all menUl creations; they are the comets I teaching a year or two, turn to some or shootine stars of the intellectual uni- other occupation, and it is sadly true verse, liut ouuide or poetry there is no mat among mis many are some 01 tne law so deep, and fixed and sure as that brightest, the most competent to win a skill, power and success are reached name for themselves and become a power only by patient walking up the long line for good in the school room. Theyoune of careful training. man who has received careful Ttou may, it is true, in a Tew weeks of training and is conscious 01 incubation hatch a professional egg into capacity, sees in other profes a full-fledged attorney, crowing on every sions a chance for higher preferment fence aud scratching for all kinds of I and larger reward. - Self interest insists grain, but enquire the best and easiest I upon a change, and if there is any road Adam. Whittaker has been smoked out,- the author of the anonymous letter to Sprin ger has been Identified, and the "keen. bright sunlight of publicity" is now wait zing-around In search of the myster ious individual who struck Billy Pat. terson. It will not surprise our readers to learn that the barometers have been in. dicating rain for Ihe past few days. These instruments show the same un- flinching devotiou to truth in the west that has rendered the gas meter so cele brated in the cast. A Uicofciyuial $lu,deut from one of the eastern colleges arrived at Silver Cliff the other day with a view of establishing a L'uiversalist church at that place. But after looking over the ground he found the community so generally imbued with thai consoling faith, that he relin: quislied hisnrigiual purpose, and is now running a keno den. history. Across that desert already ebb and flow the tides of a continental commerce. 1 near even now tne tread of that railroad army marching with run step beneath the pillar of cloud by day and pillar of fire by night, a grander host than that which followed the ap pointed leader of Israel during iu wil derness wanderings, pushing westward like Cortex, the Spaniard, to unfurl iu victorious banner in the halls of the Montezumas, and then on beyond till from Pisgah's height on continental shores it sees across Pacific's blue the dream of Columbus.the wealth of Ormus and of Ind. And now. wherefore this building? Why the Normal Why the deep inter est felt by thoughtful men and women 111 iu prosperity? Why this gathering of earnest ones from all parts of the state ? Is it because two or three bun dred young men and women are annual ly lo receive instruction within these walls aud thus be better equipped for road to the poor house, before you in- vile him on to your place to pick up corn. Many a beaten suitor can ask for a new trial upon the ground of appeal presented by a convicted criminal, that lie had no lawyer, or next to none. You may in at very brief time boost a man into a doctor's sulky, get petmission from cither state society that of small bottles and little pills, or that of large doses and speedy deaths to write M D. after his name, and teach him to ring a few changes on large words and Latin terms, so that instead of saying that the child has the colic and needs a teaspoonful of paregoric, he owlishly in forms you that the infant is afflicted with a disturbance of the chylopoetic viscera and requires immediately one drachm of tinctura camphorae et opii; but never send for him, when the shadow of disease rests upon your pillow, un less you are well insured for the benefit of your widow and children. So you mar put a man into a school room, give him a ruler, a piece of chalk and a cheap license from the county triumvirate and call him teacher. But wonder not if your children make no more rapid progress than that or unaid ed growth, or if a skeptical public lifts up iu voice against the school and queries whether taxation to pay the salary of such an educational asinine is taxation for a public purpose. And here comes in the Normal. Your success means trained teachers, iou educate the educators ; you teach bow to tcacu. 1 ou give sxiii ana emciency to the workmen you send out to do belter work in the thousands or school houses tbrougout the land, and by this better work defend, uplift and perpetuate the public school. At the same time you ennoble the teacher. I spoke when first here of the new profession, and endeav ored to show that the growing purpose of the day was to lift teaching from the lower level ol an occupation lo tne high er dignity of a profession, and that as a protession, like all others, it demanded which the average man is sure to travel it is that to which the finger on the guide board of self-interest points. 1 is true, 'tis pity ; and pity lis, 'tis true." So the young woman similarly furnish ed for good educational work, finds her self an object of pursuit not merely by schoool directors, but by young men without families and soon abandons the public school for 1 little domestic insti tution of her own, preferring an employ ment for life to oue which continues or fulls with the changing whim of a vary ing board of trustees. Here again we meet one of those irrepressible laws of human nature, for when the matrimonial fever strikes one, there is no medicine in the universe to purge the system of the disease. It is idle to talk to such a one of public duties or the value of common schools. As a lawyer once said to me, in language more forcible than elegant, in reference to his difficulties in appealing to the sympathies of a judicial mind: "You might as well sing psalms to a dead horse." Is it strange that the tax-payer queries whether it is a public purpose ta furnish a superior Normal education to one, who, instead of being the teacher of his children is the wife of his neigh bor, and asks if the Normal be after all anything more than a matrimonial bureau, which by giving young women superior accomplisbmenu simply mar- ries them off the sooner. The other dif ficulty lies in the locality question. A majority of Normal pupils come from the vicinity of Emporia and after gradu ation teach in their own neighborhoods, so that the circle of Normal influence is limited and not co-extensive with the state. To obviate this difficulty some years since a system of Normal schools was devised and established. It was thought that Normal centres would thus be created and the whole sUte reached. But tlie legislature saw or thought it saw the growing of an edu cational ring and the whole system went dv tne Doaru. An early renewal 01 tne them, to have tame and well ordered horses, but wild and tutrartunat chil dren." If teaching paid as well as law is supposed alas, how mis takenly to do, how many, think you, would exchange the ferule for the green bag, ortsbandon Guyot's geographies for Blackstone's commentaries f The cer tainty also of remuneration would five dignity, freedom and expansion to the teacher. It would tend to ennoble ia public thought the labor. It would es tablish the profession. If it be said that tan loans would never be repaid, and. the school fund would thus be spoiled f an much mon ey, what or it? Ia not the pubUe weal promoted by such s us of tne moaeyf Do teachers pay back to the acnool fund the moneys they receive an salaries? And yet. is the money tbua paid wasted ? The only value of money ia in the good ooes, ana 11 11 can Da so usea as to give to the common school s larger corps . of trained and skilled i oat rue tors, is it not well used ? It is simply mileage to the future teachers of Kansas. We now pay mileage tm congressmen ; aud which are of th most value, the teachers or the congressmen t The former are helping to lay upon solid rock the sure foundations of national grandeur and glory. The latter, well, as to the question of how much good they are doing, I can -only say in the langauge of a favorite game of cards, I pass. Pay ing this mileage would cost the state leas than the extra expenses of half n dosea normal schools, would avoid that htU noir of the pure politician, an sdaca tional ring, and with the subsequent al lowances to tea teachers in a county, would as surely distribute the iaOoence and benefit of normal training through the state. Will not the result justify the 01 question in any use of pu or private xunds. But, ladies and gentlemen, no law ec body of laws can alone avail. We often mistake, and appeal to the legislature for help when the help is in ourselves. The law may be a conservator of force, bat it is no creator. It may change and en large the channels along which personal forces run, and thus by accumulation, organization and direction seem to cre ate new forces ; but. after all. and back of all, it is the individual brain and the individual will which is the power in the world. We say of certain laws that they are dead letUrs. Every law Is a dead letter which is not utilised by indi vidual purpose. I be most perfect pro hibitory law which the skill of the legis lature can devise is not worth the paper on which it ia written in n community where every man loves his whisky and believes in free drinking. Of what avail is a law against polygamy left to Mor mons to enforce? You may, through the agency of the lawmaking power, re move temptations, take away opportuni ties and inducemenU to wrong, but you cannot legislate a man out of vice into virtue. .No statute will write the ten eonusandmenta on the human heart or tUl the soul with the gospel of love. None will make a slothful man active or a dull brain sparkle with the scintillations of bright thoughts. No more can you by law in carnate the normal into n benediction, or write Jo triumph in arch of living light over the path of this institution through our stale's history, or make the brick and mortar which have passed into these walls majestic forces in the great work - of building upon Kansas soil a commonwealth, whose shining diadem ahall be universal intelligence. To the few brains which gather round the institutions as regents and faculty must we look for the power and snrcms which are to glorify, or the weakness and failure which are to make ashamed. We rejoice with you in this building, which, rising stately and grand where but yesterday smiled the wild flewcr of the prairie, unseen save by the eye of the Good Father. We are to-day to ded icate to the holy service of filling the sacred lamps, in the thousand school houses of Kansas with a richer and purer oil, ae that iike the flames before which the vestal virgins watched, their shining shall never grow dint. We rejoice in that endowment. which the prudent forethought of the pi. HARDWARE STORE! Fine .UJOrtment of shelf hardware on hand, all new goods. Carpenter's tools, spades and shovels, rakes, hoes, scythes and; forks, well buckets, chains and wheels, screen wire in the bolt and ready made windows and doors. KKIS A SlerOWX, ATTOItSKYS AT 1..WV. Siocial attention riven to collecting:, altracinin and wn N. STSBKY. T N SKDOW lC. STEERY & SEDGWICK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Kniiorla, Kansas. Will practice in tho .everal caurtsol Lyon, Ot&ne, tirceuwood, Coffey, irae. iiarr. Marion ana aorria ouitaiH, ....... . ,rmr nvin of the state, ami in the federal courts for ihe district ol KaLSus F. P. PAYNE, a tt ii? v v .nl Justice of the I'eace. OOieet Kmporia aiioMIJnktluilUiug. 19 SCOTT LY-NX, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will practice In all the State anil Federal U)ur. wiuti 0. B SACH ELLIS. S. M . HCgULH. BACHELLEB BACHFJAF.R, ATTOKNKYs AT LAW Over First Na tional Bank. Kmoria. Kas wioil V. CUNNINGHAM W T. M'CAUTT ctxxixuiux Mccarty, ATTOKNEY S AT LA W, KmHria, Kansat ill uractice in all the butta antf rcntrai Courts. OttUe id News bloca. wiutf Full Une ef STOVES! Call and see them. DK. F. M. DOUGLASS, OFFICE over Lull's hardware more. Kcsi dence, corner llih av. ami Merchants tt. wlSinoU" We arc prepared to do Roofing and Gut tering and ail kinds of rinwork. Good assort ment of tinware always on hand---our own be state, will not the result justify the 1 . . - j utiy. and after au, that u the practical I make -heavy tin ana warranted uestion in any use of pu jlic as well as I . , .. . . LAWRENCE STEEL BARBED WIRE, GEO. Da and H. W. LOOMIS, Cczscial Street tstr&i Mi ant Sereutli Arciines, EMPORIA, KANSAS. JOHN A. MOORE, IrHYSlClAN AND 9UKGKO.N Office a his Orua Store, No. ISO Commercial st. liltf DR. JOHN W. F1LK.1NS. OIHce in KekrMKe bnildinar. Residence, corner tUh av. aud Market t., Emporia. Kau. IK. 8. C DHL A P. (Successor to Drs. Allen X Thompson.) HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN ASUSl'R- GEON. Offica over Grange lore Koiidence. Mechanic street, betwecu 11111 ant 12m ave- nres. wkhi D. Ocultkt and Aurlot. lU-tf 0 THB KAIL C1TL TtnveUan- ilene r she Hawk-aye rtall oghar. I. Be sure yoa know where you want to jp before you get on the train. U. When you purchase yeur ticket you will ha" to pay for it; souse to tell the agent to charge it and send the bill to your husband.'' And if he says the price of the ticket is t3.90, don't tell kins you can iret one like it of the con ductor or at the other store, for 91-90; he wont believe you, and he ussy laugh at yen. - III. Never travel without money. It requires broad viewa, liberal education, keen discern maeat. and profound Judg ment to travel without money. No one can do this successfully but tramps and editors. IV. Beware of the commercial travel er. V. Dut give n stranger your ticket ai.a ask mm to go out ana caeca your trunk, tie will usually be only too glad to do it, and your trunk will be so ef fectually checked that it will never catch un with You araia. And then, when the conductor asks tor your ticket, and you relate to him the pleasing allegory about the stranger and the baggage, he will Won incredulous una smile down upon you from nia naif ctoaed ye,andsay n naa naara it oeiore- am wen you will pot np your Jewelry or disembndr at the next station. VL If you are going these buadnad miles, don't try to get ot she train every tVlseu minutes under the impression that you am them. II you get there in twelve hears -you will be doing excel AMTHKR CALCOtATINS tPRODIGY. There latelv came to France a young Italian who has the singular faculty of making very long and complicated men tal calculations. He was presented at the last seance of the Society d'Anthrop ologic. He is a small boy of ten or eleven, 01 intelligent iuok, tue neaa large, but not specially remarkable, the forehead rather prominent. Among various calculations he w naked to make waa this: Multiply 4j000.24a by 250, 063. The operation took him two min utes, and then be gave the exact result While he is calculating people go on talking near him without his being hindered. According to his explana tions, the process he employs is wholly empirical, and resembles that of Mon deaux. the celebrated calculator. lie commences with the large figures, and to the base thus obtained he adds the result of the multiplication of the smaller figures. Curiously this boy can neither read nor write, ana it is only a short time since he got to know figures. He even says since he (jot to learn tbem he has calculated much easier than be fore. The person who presented him to the society had found him a few uioulbs ago accompanying an organ grinder, aud astonishing the frequeutera of cafes by bis powers or calculation. Office Unouis connected wim Sisler'a Drug store. J . W. Traeworlkjr's I P.r.J.V. FJIAIaa, 1 Besidence, j th ave. and corner Tin ave. Merchants St. Willi KOBF.UT MILLIklN. IIVIL KNGtNKe.lt ASH hUBVCYOR.- OOlcein rear ol fejupuria Sptioual J H. WILH1TK. 1. V. 8.; loraauateoi American teicnoary umriic. 1 Vterjnayy Surgeon, Office ia at Jou'ue i'ruli't. bvrn, on Consti tution (treat Alldica:iorfcU.iinaliicrtt. ully treated. wlUU J II w tJ.ui IT. . jlKANK McCAIN, Plain and Ornamental Plasterer! Empokta, Kansas. Materials furninhud and work done on unorl- nulice In the licat manner. u-llHI lent! VII. Call the brakeman "conductor;"! remember this, althoueh vou kiss him ADVICjg AS TO KISSING tto, Ethel, 00 ; we dont suppose" cler ical kissing is any worse than the other kind. The worst thiug adout it seems to hn that it is more readily and certainly found out and people make a greater fuss about it. -Kiss your pastor if you wish and be wishes it, but. Ethel, dear, oneers in the special consecrated service of education si shsped your orcanisntion and ruided your ways up to the present time. Yet all these are but your opportunity. An hundred years ago Edmund Burke said that America was the home of colossal opportunities. That which he dimly saw rises in clearer and grander vision before us to-dsy. Colossal indeed are our opportunities. I catch the echo of those lofty words of hope and promise borne to us through two thousand years from that lonely iale in the uEgean sen. "Behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it." See to it, O! ye guides and guardians of the Normal, that that door stands not open before you in vain. Through its mystic portals, at this morning hour ot n great aay, on he has grown proud since he got his new M darkly, in the hall, behind the uniform, and it will Oatlcr him. Idour. down in the cellar ia the dark. irm you anawi strap, ounoie 1 down to coal mine even. It will be in and two paper parcels In the hat rack, I Ue papers next morn ing, though never haa vour bird cars to the corner of it. . ni .m k- .d .Kent ihnw two ft I Mfc il TmMm Iff Mill lllMIII Mat. : a : T" . . r 1 1 1 . I " r 1 uinca ywm aihcu tuui cuiuiu iuuauu r.; v ,.u'7T ?. wf" I tap ex the, old gentlemen SiUisg be-1 ue front veranda at noon while ihe lation which, with friendly hands. Is I tumfwrny. aland your four house laWta I ZLZZrL VColnVbv.Burlinff ton vm Hf hhtw Nil, wm raw ihocb Mmw kote the seat beside you: fold your snnwM ton or it, carry Jr pocset RAILROAD ITIMS rr " The M. K. Jb T traffic for the second rrf..ZrlIZ'Z' .l-l7, week of May svas 63.250, sn increase and tka naa Mar tkinra am ronr lsa. 1 01 V". Then you will nave all your baggage It is said thus an attempt will soon be kandv. and wont be weened or fluster-1 made to run trains from New York to ed about it when you have only twenty Philadalphia in one hour. nine seconds in which to change cars. I The track of the Texas Pacific rail IX. Address the conductor every ten I road has been put down at the rate of a minutes. It pleases him to have you no-1 mile and a half a day for the past two ucsntm. u you cani tnian 01 any new 1 weeks, question to sax turn, ass mm tne samel l. W. Towne. assumed the duties of '5V "' I general superintendent of the K. C, Foit C.or. . . . Scott Gulf and K. C, L. & 8. roads "- - 41 MJ UBp Ml UUWIIISfHMIH W AN IMPRESSIVE ADDRESS. 8tudots OVER THE STATE. .MarslntU liiiston, ol lopcka, ha sent twt -in y-tlvi' men l Biirliiiipime,. lo work 011 llii- r:'ilr:il. Mef'lniiiiiis, i-Urk of tln ilislri l ourl ol Ii:ir1iii enmity, ilieil :it I rent llee.il 011 tlie loth. Tlie reeent census in Caldwell shows a population of lHM), with u pntiion of lh.' l ily yet uncanvassttl. 'i'ii- overland travel to tlie west is MHiu'tt luit ovi r-lialaneetl liy a heavy re turn trad.' from Colorado suid western Kit!!-)!- A Kniis-'.s grander liitniid Sipe was Oili'iicttt out of all liis wealth at the eil nv''' 1 1 Irl.piluin at St. Joe on Odd . - Hie l.-.ih. , ,m.a uji.ier annulled a A wi.hi. OaUirne licnr Itristow. In mail mined ,,a ,,, MI)t, ,.; Hw. tills Mate, or 1. .At LiihuI .I....H. j..iilar vein can , tW.H , Mi Uima 'Ihe new lmi(l. ota Juv ,)h will be formally op . W-Je Arrangements are lieina f U(J eKuU an extensive cele'.rution o , M were re. A team of horses ana a m, . drinking cently poisoned Hi Holton 1 which water irom a tilacKsinilirs tut lias been used to cool shovels h&A with prussiate of potash. According to the Couraut, the Cv.'u try about. Howard is ravagri by mv' dogs. Tlie intense aversion of the pro. ' pie of that viciuity to wat er as a bcrrr-1 age. would indicate lhat a large number of them had already been "oitterr. The mines of Osage City, which bave lwen operated but very 1 jule for nea viy lour months, bave agaiji been put i operation, heveral irnrurtant changes in the proprietorship have recently laken place, the full particulars of which arc not yet generally brawn. The Atchison, Topeka & Santa railroad cut a big figure in these changes. Ihe lirst passenger train ov-er the Santa Fe road reached Caldwell de 15tb, carrying the mail and eighty passengers. The road is completed to the te rritory line, and work is being rapidly -pushed on the stock yards. It is expect ed the road will be ready to ship catt'e by Wednesday, and the first lot mi .y be - .! ,1 . At ... suippeu lo-uiorrow. tveveral herd s are awaiting transportation, ana mort ' are coming in every day. 'Wed d- Genaral Gartteld Talk to the of Hlraut College. Geu. Garfield recently attended the commencement at Hirum College and thus spoke to the students of the institu tion of which he was the former presi dent : "Fellow citizen, neighbors and friends of many years: It always has given me pleasure to come here and look upon these faces; it has always given me new courage aud new friends. it has brought back u large share of that Tic-hues that belongs to those things out of which come ihe joys of life. While 1 have been sitting here this ufleruoou, watching your faces and listening to the very inierestiug address which has just tieen delivered, it lias oc curred to me lli ul the best ibiug yiu have, lhat ull men envy I mean all men who have reached the meridian of life is perhaps the thing you care for least, and that is your leisure, Ihe leisure you bave to think; the leisure you bave 10 throw the plummet around the depths and find what is lielow; the leisure you Have lo work about the lowers ol your selves and runt how strong tney are or how weak they are, und to determine what needs building up, and how to shape it that vou may be made the final iH-ing mat you are to tie, tU! these hours of building! If the superior be ings of the universe would look down upon the world to find Ihe mo6t interest ing object it would lie the unfinished. unformed character of young men ami ot vouni? women. Those behind me have proliably in the mam settled suchiiuesiious. Those who have passed into middle manhood and middle womanhood are about what they shall always be, and there is little left of interest or curiosity as to our develop ment; but to your young, unformed na tures no uiau kuows the possibilities lhat lay treasured, up in your hearts and intellects, and while you are working up those possibilities with that splendid leisure, vou are the most envied by all classes of men und women in the world 1 congratulate you on your leisure: I commend you t keep it as your gold, as your weaitu, as your means, out o viiicii you can demand all the possible, treas ures that Uod laid down wben llelornietl your nature and unveiled and develeped the possibility of vour future. This place Is too full of memories for me to trust myself to speak upon, and I will not 1 but to draw again to-day as I have for a quarter of a century evidences of strength and affection from the peo ple who gather In this place, and 1 thank you or the permission to see meet you and greet you as I bare done today. be the struirples of life? Is it because of . . - . I 1 : r . 1. m t . . 1 1 . 1 its relalious fo and influence upon the 1 hums nan m mimgcu mc individual. In short is it because! this I views then expressed, and with fifteen is one school and simply one in many years of added observation, I affirm that where the vou no- are lo lie educnted? 1 lie wuo wouiu uave recognizeu social trow not Not that the education 01 position niay una 11 in tne scuooi room. even a sinele vouth is a matter of little leaching is no longer menial service- moment or devoid of interest, for Who 11 ia a uigu miu uoiy caning, anu tne can watch with unconcern the growing world more and more pays homage to powers of the boy slowly unfolding un- him who is in tact as well as name a der the skilled hand "of ihe tiained in- teacher. But he who would receive slructor; to-d.-ty, wrestling with the situ- homage must deserve it. Homage is the plest matters ot early study; to-morrow, 1 R"iuu nun wuicu npeus oniy uu tuc moving with majestic ease maid the topmost bough, and is not plucked by ...Ii nmMi.m. l.iimun tlwiiKvl.t I the careless band of him m-ltti onlv takes Is any growth so rich and grand? The a casual walk beneath the spreading peuses to and from the school. Second, fter knowledge and the power te learn; farmer mav watch with increasing pleas- branches. He who would receive,hom payment 01 a certain sum out oj tne to tnis 1 oia yoa consecrate uw ana both prior training and the devotion of I experiment is doubtful and hazardous. nurmai institutes uunng tne summer vacation seem to De the present reliance. What can be done to relieve us from these difficulties? The problem is how diffuse the influence of the Normal, to make it more emphatically a state institution. state not merely iu its control, its sup port, out aiso 111 its pupus anu 11a in fluence, and also to secure continuance in teaching service of Normal graduates. Let me suggest these measures in the way of lcgikhition : First, a loan out of the state school fund to every pupil of I the Normal ol his or her traveling ex- tne yet virgin neios ot a grana 1 ... kii tr..ii. rin.. ti. nistonc state, msren 10 tne gian service or look forward to see bow fast ure the little green blade growing and ripening into the golden grain : the hor- ticulluralist may note with new delight the dawn and spread of rosy blushes around the templing fruit; the stock man may look lovingly at the frisky branches. He wl age in the schools must make that school his life as well as his living. He must link cultured power to years of toil, and j the two will weave the laurel he longs to wear. If proof of this is wanted, 1 need only turu to the array of distin- breathing into the common schools of Kansas n new, richer and purer lite. Remember that the power that given life must itself b alive. 80 with Pentecostal glow let the tires of a high and holy enlhusiaaisB burn evermore on your slurs. Make this the home ot the great soul, whose overflow shall All the land, and to this in the name of the great common wealth, which has com missioned you; in the name of common Humanity, wnica evermore looks long ingly forward to the better days of the future ; in the name of the common fa ther, who has given as nil the yearning .the 1 small Is foinc. Then when run est me you can leu tne caiiarea anout tne nig cinder you picked up with your eye. j and bow alee and warm it wan. and ; parasol on the what it lasted like. XL Don't hseg your June 1st. After several months of deliberation the Union Pacific talks have decided to locate their extensive new shops at Sid ney, jMCDraexa, The Sedalia division of the Central Branch of the Union Pacific is coin plrted to the stale line. The state line calf moving on into the stately, massive, guished educators known and honored and blue-ribboned short-horn of the throughout Ihe state and say, eeee tig- country fair; the mother sees with un- " -I.-". .... -.1 If. . I , w 1". I . T sneakahle iov the soft limtn ot her babe ne must, utu 1 say r one must, a grow strong, the short dresses give place mean, for woman is and is to be the to the flowing skirts as ber little girl world's teacher. We, with our clumsy ripens into the fair and graceful woman, fingers and rough, awkward ways, are Knt wliul im ll t!.a urmwlha eoinniirMI I not auiioi 10 toe aeucaie usaui wenv- with that by which the feeble forces of a lug Into form and beauty the fragile child's thought change into the mighty threads of thought and feeling which lie processes and powers or the strong brain, in a uwgieu saein in uie cuuu a aoui. Within the limits of earth and time who We help, and help to save the common can sav how much the one exceeds the I scliool when we turn It over to woman a - . ... 1 1 T . . 1 I J 11 other, and when the mind's eve looks care, .ajiu 1 mm we suitii uuwai through the lofty doors which swing when we not only give her a place in out ward into the invsterv hevond us I the routine work of the school room, and gazes down the advancing centuries I out also 1111 ner to a larger snare in me ofirrowing brain and grander powers, general administration 01 scuooi an airs. eomnnriwm peases and thought and 1 1 Count it no small honor that It was ., -- c I . , !..!. !. . n iHinrnu IT, full I Ull 11c uj ucu LUO wunii WUIUfl. 'U UK vie Still It is not the individual and his Icision of the highest judicial tribunal of growth which give meaning and interest tue state, amrnied the right 01 woman to to this occasion t It is rather hold the office of county sujierintcndent, the relation which this institution decision which, by opening the doors sustains to the stale and the general to a wider control and a higher place, anil Thia ia more than anv ordinary I gives to her interest in school matters a school, though it may not have half the keener stimulus and a more enduring 11 miter nf the latter'a nunils. It means I ambition more than individual education; it We boast, and rightly, of our schools means the well-bei schools; it signifies permanent and iniprov svBtem It is not th the tilde ? it ia not the n resent future, which summons us here and And we have planted them, are still compels our interest- planting, and, God helping us, mean to r .... . ..I -1 1 . : . . 1 - it baa been an accepted truism in this I continue puuuuj. i is no imaii uimg country that, as self-government de- m a quarter 01 a century to nave cnang- pends on tue lmeiilgeuce 01 tne citizen. 1 to iiiiwy imjct mw new j-u" the public school waa the necessity and from a vast expanse of unoccupied and payment same fund to each Normal graduate of a full course who has taught in the public schools the prior year. Let this be an annually increasing sum, so that the graduate who has taught ten consecutive years shall, for the tenth year, receive double the amount paid for the fifth year; and let this allowance be limited to a certain number of teachers, say ten in each county. Iu reference to the loan of traveling expenses, this could well be made con. ditional, to become a donation, an abso lute gift, if the recipient should com plete the Noimal course and teach Ave years thereafter in the public schools, otherwise to be repaid without interest, I know that loaus like this, unsecured by mortgage, are ordinarly of little value and seldom collected. Some additional value might be given by providing that no property, real or personal, should be exempt from levy in payment thereof. aud in the case or the young woman, that if she abandons teaching to marry, her husband's property should likewise be bounden for this loan. You know that under the old common law a man. on marriage, became bound for all his wife's antecedent debts, and we should only be restoring the old law in a single in stance, and in the interest of public schools. In reference to the annual payment, its regular Increase Is for the purpose ot making continuance in eau- strength, brain and toil, and to aid In the same high service I now dedicate this new building of the Normal. cord that passes dewa the middle of the station is named Talmage. ear. - It isat a clothe linn. It looks I Peter Ryan, recently employed on the UK on, out it tsnt. I Cnoctaw division of tbe m. k. at T, XI L Keep an rye on th man who I a freight brakeman. died at Burlington calls th day after Monday "Chewsday." I Iowa, Msy 23, or dropsy of tbe heart. "VJJt! f,eBta- ..J The machinists in the shops of the . " ZJrZZ I Chicago, Burlington (Juioey road. mu is any . u 7 niy I at Aurora, Illinois, recently built a loco; w.7'v. 11 1 . I motive complete in the short space of dm 1 T m J" mmmmm m motvtv mum with Your head nroiectiag over th of the seat, into the aisle. Then body nine days. Tennessee railroad company has THE THAMX3 BAT UDUSTBY. Motes; Dni fc Mtw Walls t Cssen if sv Ta si WM goes up or oowm Us mm win ;-7T.nVo7 1.,- Vl T. V ZT'ZZ anct erkiir This I 1 Wcent of tbe stock of the road, 1 ana is an earnest ueienuer 01 woman s will keep yoa from sleeping so oundly that you will be carried by yonr station- aged tne river wait y tugging tori vrM art 1 1 -1- - v - t. . . . k 1 mmmm mmmmyw mmmnm - nvmnjiw ana, an h , ww. us we am aaurv, m two apu mmwtw 1 1 " rr -y ' 1 1 mm mm mm im um & iiimm. i ng of aUt common I ano scnooi system, we came in tue cihuu im.reiiii5ij invuwwc, the probability of a I morning ol Kansas from historic New inus turning iue teacoer a utougtuaaway ing public school I England, singing, with Whiuier, irom otuer professions 10 nis own, anu e individual, but eo to plant her common school.. t -e LLmil "f 1'n n county is to distnb- bui the I " distant urairie swells " I ute Normal graduates through the state, for any one will move across a county line to increase bis salary. With this legislation a person in Re public county intending to teach could attend tbe Normal with as little personal outlay as one in r.ujporia. la other At the Woolwich polk court ly, Henny Waotten was summoned by the PI Urns lead District Board of Work for damaging th bank f th river Thames by removing tbe earth, th dam. age being lata at tea sauuars, tne cnarge asm rals th Prince Allies foundered. It appears that the place rererrea to, wntcn iseunu goo us to th northern and southern outfall sewers, water rats (the hf us am phibus) abound is tens of thoosaads. They feed on pieces of bread and fat wbicft noat on me sunac or in water every time th mtropolitian sewerage is discharged into th river. Prior te last year, tbe fat was collected by SVM in boats, giving lis to a aupposlti , which gained good deal of credence at the time, that it was purified and sold as batter. . The provisions of tbe adulteration act, r some other unknown cause, cleared th Woolwich and rtth reaches of thee river scavengers. Th latter hawsbeen replaced by an army of rata, which fieur. ish and multiply to an alarming extent on tbe refuse food finding iu way into the London sewers. These rata frequent ly run up th side of vessels, sad thus get carried to every part of th world. This abundance of water ml naturally attracted the local and London rat catch ers, who secured th animals aliv and sold them at lour shillings per TtlCSXS TXAV CMBT. The nnrteat nutsrwas have n great deal to say about th wealth of various old Greek and Roman; bat non of them were so rick, ia all probability, as are maav living Americans. Crutaus, rights. A brakeman on the Piaua road, the Inventor of a lantern which can be in stantly changed from one color to another, aaa won nia suit tn a contest esse at Washington, and has been o tiered fts.OOO lor au invention. to , uw weir earnings lor tne nve mourns ma la Jail us Cssaar's lira endiag Kay 31 are fully 20 percent in ta triumvirate, was Marcus excess of those for the corresponding tmttrom, aaastau spscuhVAr, period ia 187. RAIN-MAKERS. TTrasi tjc2ieroke (I-T ) Advocate. ne Utiag c4 tin-mskers among our rri . n.iti. f4 lea thev had them in Pi: .L hM. Vtasv rears ago we were all tm.' - . i return "g defence, as well as the glory of free in-1 unbroken praire to a shining reach of 1 words, the Normal would be brought : siitutious." I am glad that this has been I smiling farms and busy towns; to have 1 the door of every would.be teacher Tn the so. although it is so no longer 1 for we I (fathered 3-4,000 horses, 1.000,000 cattle,! state. This would rapidly enlarge the all know that tolay the public school is 1 835,000 sheep and 1,300,000 swine; to number of your pupils, for many who an object ot attack, anu must De uelena-1 nave lurnru uie sou o a,uuu,wu acres ; 1 uesire 10 icacu are oeierrea irom a mor. ed. Indeed, all formerly accepted truths to reap an annual crop of 20,000,000 mal course only by the expense. Too are challenged. The iconoclal as well I bushels of wheat, 110,000,000 bushels of I would thus each year roll upon the as tbe schoolmaster ia abroad. Some I com, auu ui nave aceumuiateu oJ,-1 state a larger vomme Ol irainea aua ea? doubting Thomas steps up before every 1 000,000 worth of property ; no small I nested teachers, who would naturally Hnrni iul uvl "Ein-nt I nut mv fin. I thing to nave Duilt u.UUU miles or ran. 1 scon displace tne untrained and an. von and 1 gers into the prints of the nails, snd road over lipea wuera not even a stage. I skilled. You know the law of the day ive done thrust my hand into his side, I will not I coach ran. But it is a grander thing to is the survival of the fittest. Mfre than believe." Tbe heroes of history are I nave mint a.uuu scnooi nouses at a cost chsnging into myths Pocahontas and I of over $5,000,000; to have filled tbem William Tell are vanishing into shad-1 with 200.000 pupils; to expend $1,600,- ows. and ere long, I fear, we ahall be 1 "OU annually in maintaining scnoois. compelled to admit that Julius OesarJ and at the same time have accumulated killed Brutus; tnat Stary, turen Ot I a pcnnmnii kwui iuuu t bwui aa Scots, committed suicide; that George equal amount. Washington did tell a lie, and that Ed-1 Go where you will through the state. er In digging into the river wail to procure Basso. Mllalpaia, Caioago, Balti- to them considerable damage was done, soar. Baa JffaaciaM and ether cities of be and as the Uw throws th maiateaaae th republic Th growth of waeith has be of this portion of th bank upeat th been prodigioa of last eowatry with in ha Plumstead district board of worka. the that general ina. So Of th larasat ae- theford tound . iLire gathering I ing. challenging, nothing will standi more airhtl v. From the latest nioncer I in? teaching certainly fCreek U'diax's, those nUV- yieu lived which does not, by its own achieve- district on our western frontier, whose hold the wandering that, every good teacher in a county ed ucates the others. You place a skilled artisan among a body of untrained la borers, and bow quickly they draw from his wisdom and gain something of his skill. Just so it is with teachers. The 'cwinerienced' and nntaurht will soon learn from the trained and experienced. L'omsfmm a Journey, and at win M. Stanton was the great anginal I the school bouse flt attracts your eye; and so the little Normal leaven will profitable yoa thoughts of the nm- t -1 . w-1ow Park Hill- t ney wee gay at-1 menu, vindicate m ngui to oe traa i-1 rirst public work is tne scnooi house, up 1 diuous yoaw; iw wuue uic oi um ni our people were iBftesent. I lion, veneration, faith, even love, will I to tbe great university on the summit of I money msy be the root of all evil, yet as tt. :Ze. n. tAat thev bad gathered I not uphold that which does not carry I ML Oread, which lifts iu lofty dome to snredly money itself, paraphr wing th wh nf "making rt xaia." I within itself a guarantee of power and I catch the first kiss of the moraine- sun. old saw. ! "increases the speed of the fo. duad to see what next. Two ejdet-( success. Tbe public school Is no excep-1 light upon Kansas, and which stands as male courser." WeD' retired a short distance, andyJ tion. Memories of the past are not suf-1 the surest defender, as well a the In Aschain's "Schoolmaster. a volume ly men mumbling prayers, ,we 1 Achent. Lines of attack are reaching op I chiefest glory of tbe historic city at iu I published in England 310 years ago, is a spjcw. Blaring is .tfee nauie pr t,i agwast it ana irom every quarter. n feet, filled wliu an ever increasing I passage wntcn inowi ukucibmiciiki prcsuuio .j tiaMi a nB was maoe ,on I Is a MuMless insuiuuon." says tne Uath- throng of eager youth, and attesting the I or poor pay to teacnera. ne says, , . to llii ski IB ii -p f" I nr "ut out ui" Dime, or ic utei suoiime iaitn oi a annas in me uaoa., ttt. . ,Mn. uiui olune-ed into 1 school ra down, cnesuie liberal. There 1 and bleaainm of universal education. I vea. an order and a .u dW-.o. and I ia either too much or too little of the I With such a faith an reneral. so natnt I to find out rather a cunning man for Deity. "It is an unjust expense," urges 1 so significant, Kansas well deserves the their horse than for their children. Tbey the childless taxpayer. Call it a pub-1 name, with which in the presence of I ssy nay. in word, but they do so ia deed; Uc purpose to maxe ma pay to educate i this audience, or tn educators and I Tor to tne one tney wm give a supeaa ot my neighbor's cmiarenr as wen make I tiunkers of tne state, l now oaptize ber, me say for their food and doming." I by the name of The School State. Not Am so, from a growing mob goes up I the Bay state, not the Empire, not tbe cry, -Crucify it! crucify it V Keystone, not tbe Old Dominion, not f pppae to-day no aeience or the tbe raimetto, nor me fine Tree Thadutano from San Francisco Galveston by th lines nf railroad now igresstag is figured as follows: From i Francisco to El Paso, by way Lalhrop, 1.289 miles: from Et Paso hut aBttla. - Ha mm tka rr.l mlittrnfrmt I Ban Antonio, aou miles, and from Ban of aauquity, aadltia di&cult to judge Anumio to Galveston, 264 miles making of the vain of am pnnsmiosi ; but it is I ,-108 mlIc- aot iixeiy mat it ever reacned aiu.uuo I ruvieiafa nf th .nm.,.nio. 0f to $0,000,000 of ear moaey. Thar I state that their business for Msy wss are ao aoux ionr mea ia xtew xora about 10 ner cent heavier this vear than wertb more than a, and asm Hi m ) ui mrrMnniidin mnmh in ik?o un eves may ave rourfoia his wealth. Th that their earnings for the five months t n. UM wiw Mvaaara u aadaaaaf Licialos Craisns. - - - tmv mtiM ffia twtnu rt esusisted and aever above! a. reaasyivaniarosiiroauomciai states $,00000 or $10,UOO0O in Uaited Slates passenger tramc over the Penn. curraacy. An Athenian or Roman who railroad is simply immense at could count hU estates at what would be I prMent-, Juvery through train is run in 1,006.000 of oar dollars wm considered lnr" secuons, requiring tue i- wealthy, bat reidau of our I crews to redoubled exertions and ne- Urc cite who aav aa more than i . jceasiuting the employment of new men 000 000 are aot rnaaiilisid particular! v I xuo ue promotion or rreignt train men well off, and are unknown among the w m P"Dt aepanment. Th probability is very great that an aadargroaod railway is to be built in New York from the Battery to the Har lem river. Th only o uestion is one of capital, aad there la good reason Tor be lieving mat all tnat la desired may be bad ia th foreign market. The estimat ed cost of th work is $2,000,000 a mile. Th tuaaei writ be from six lo eight feet alow ta aorraca, well lighted and ven latd, with coo vea Seat depots. Trains wiu d ran at a high rat of speed, snd ta i are win a nut ave eenu. Ta Baltimore A Ohio people, finding that their shortening up of tbe running pm two wecas ago naa rjecn rjcaten by Pennsrlvaaia roads, ther. on last Hun. dsy, shortened their running times one 3i meat msmacrs c ta commuatty. art miUionairta are a commoa as to amit Utu distlactian flaauaUUy. Tnare were aa sack suits ia ancient lint a tana at th Asters and Yandrbilu, aad aa sack prtvat fortoa a are held ia EMPORIA, UYON -CQUfiiY. nANhAa, BI THE NEWS COMPANY. Jacob S-totlkr. - vami.a At. EX. BCTTS. MaCLXNHAK. Termt-tl.SO per Year, In Advance. All time not paid for in advauce is at the rate ol S per year ATTORNEYS. El. S. WATEKUTK!. LAW OVKICK. Kront nkiiiin aucrolt blick. Kmporia Kana&. ui-tHirs. ' mini PHYSICIANS. DR. W OrFICE Over . W. II1BBKX, luulH a J-10"1. Bank L. I. JACtlKS, U. 1)., OFTICB tn North & Kyder's drug lot. DK8. LIB BOCK a LA WkKM'E. S. LiVBINCK. I Da.TINMBS LAWKCNCS Ubtetrie and iiscac of Women. Drsi. JrAieworthy & Filkins; Formerly Resident Physician & Burgeon ot ktrtj llosjuuil, I liicano. III. Kobltleoce, coruer titti ave. aud Market t. MISCELLANEOUS. OTEAU 1-OIVEK WOOD WORKING FACTORY Plan ami aieciliuaiiuns loi all kimU ol builUinK I'urniaheil. I ini In my lumber, and cau Klve low tlicurc on all contrMCLn ractory anil rtop on Coiiiinere.iai eilreet. uat uurlh o SttwiiLli Avenue, kmimriA Give uie a r.all Ut l h. r. M-ltAt.t K 0, P. TUEIS. Itoot niitl SIum' Iivktu. All kind of Koot W ur inatle co onler in tbe bettle. Uvuuirinie iroiitiilly Mlcmlt;il to. Diinu on a-ot Miiti oi loiuinerciai rt.. a lew doors soulb ol bib avenue. EMPORIA. KANSAS wiotf -pldtl-. J. UEILMAN, AMUFACTrjaica or SADDLES AND HARNESS! A Good Stock always on baud at JLowekt Prices. i(Repairihg Done Neatly and Cheap. J. A. YOUNG, DENTIST Emporia. Kaa. Rooms ovku First Js'aiio.nai. Uank 1IMI OR. TH0S. F. DAVENPORT, DENTIST, Or. Sixth Avenue and Commercial St vr staibs. Empoiua, Kansas. .. wiutr Dealers A UKKMAN. in Meats of all Kinds! Tbe Beat and Cheapent Bleat Mrket In - feuiporlM. Have now on ban.l end Tor kale r.hrau a lrh auwDt of Pork, Ham, Mioiildcr and Huron, thoroutily aalted, cured and knioked, aud equal to the very bent that can be round any where. They have also a large qtiantitv o lard, by tlie barrel or pound Call and kee It. All order reettive nmmnt ni.nii(in an.l dealer are particularly reiiuerled lo tive tit a call. Tim boot ol licet. Mution and Veal. , as uaual. kept at our market, on w t tide ot Commercial atrret, itositc P. ).. Kmiioria Kanm. wiutr ATVKO A UKKMAN TJ BI AN K EMPORIA CARRIAGE FACTORY 1 Horseshoeing and Repairing. Mechanics St., bet. Cth and 7th Av. Emporia, Kan, Carriage! and wagons made to order. All kinds of repairing and Jobbina; done in the beat manner by Willful workmen Prices very reasonable. We Invite an inspection ol our work and guarantee Btifartion Coma and see us. wlOtf T. L. RYAN. NEW SHOP. W. It. CAItLOW Han opened up, next door east of tbe Fifth Avenue hotel, it iilacksnilthlng and repairing eataliluhmeut, and aoliriu a kliare or the public patronage fts A well lor the use of customers on the preuu es. wltur . Wagon Shop ! J. FULMER Hasopenel a shop in exnnertion with IV. K. Carlow's tilackkuiilh rhop for all kinds of wagon and boegy repairing. Long eai en ence in the nu iiic. 'i,tb avenue, corner of MechaMos stre t -jHf TIIK KMPOICIA NATIONAL BANK. Capital, Surplus, - $100,000. 35,000. Plumatead district hoaru of works, Ut I IkM fwaraitn). Wm Of Us larfss ac- 1 alter put up fsotlo boards offerUg a wuueUUo im Us l4 ke ts aaade rewr4 f 3 couvictlosi es amy ssm wittaia tortj er fjrrs. Half a cm- fonmi iajariaa; Um river wall. Job tury ff oaily j ma 1 Msw York Hardin, a toubc fellow liviar cat wa wurtk tlJOOOJ!Q0. mm ki sre was Dawaou street, Plniiwwi. ksvU( saa JJi Jatst Aor. Wow kusdreus as WM cTZTi rZ I tktr:ik7Tr Uai I .T"" Br. L.andthe catchers omm lo plr Lkcir caiUmc. I wis. Wssa ltspk OU . sWMjk Glrr4 died, la i if i 1 w ii w4. v. I aav, s one iiaM Kobmlv I moor ssu a nati more, urns ruaainr iue coast; awar 1 spaa "Aad few dava back. Hard La b resd I lssl. k was rTTirZri r " 7-"Sr ;r IZei ZZ Z,ZrrSrTl Um between St- LmU and eastern toraWiosTto Mr.Oi.fer. Us LmiMmmt ZSeUrily? mU j hi pWrty-s, -'l 0h' verr ld cast iailj ussssaliei wkea between 6t. Louis aad Onctnoatl, tlolljOOOwa trsoac&t a a fertaa. witbstaadlajr that they are now mak- eVa U tr lestLltUs, aad wkea t10 l, Brkw7 Ume running 840 rj00Usat4wadeta ntlies ia aiae hours. asad c. At praseat BljOOw Is hardly I Th Railwar Am PnrJIahln T" TV!r: "7 'TT a I r"i wuiawruy isau a Dooa written www. a W4" M ""M Sy - W. ILlrKwood, oo railway con swawma; asosunai. sniisi sa snwaw ram strUetlOa IM some of the Items of cost, rilksfi wr gaaaral sewrty lead a I jai wark will snow a summary ofthe r " I twsiiw oi an average single. iw Trs U i llkcl that arU track ot mad. aad affiwda a r.ii lir. a aoaalty mt I raw foruua will k tarriaul keyoad I tiow of ta Bsagaitnd of disbursements sow ladac wkt they kv keca ia ta saas period (ag purps es of railway, construction, rk to act laluthapaat. Ia 1S99 aad 1949 it Uprab.1 Ha stltesthc average plan la the United the defeodaJBt frocB TriDcock Poiat carrriauT aad a docea rats ia a cac. H kuowled the truth of all Bardlag aaid. ; bat Mated that a was not aware that k waa committing aay offeac. Mr. Eal guy ordered kins to pay tea akilliags damages with four akilllag cost, or t uadergo aerca days pun ish meat. Ta Plumstcd district bnard of work Tst the sam day. aad rdered pevaseat af tke 3 to Hardiag, oa wkich oaaot th I fsrssplat aajr timd af ev Withia tiM of 100 miles of aa average sine! nsembcrs (Mr. KUaber. solicitor) poUtad I th Best tAy yasrsUU liltvel tkat ari-traek of fo4. and alTtord a fair indie out that a reward or sa aaa i bank, wL young tusA plunged uto I school go t order and a mrrw dflen anil .1 la either I mc ii.- i , i, s id a wue craWiPsh 1 when he came up taken out by one of the two old men 4 guUtmu while ure. - 1 uere was prot. w,.,mj There the fish was being t. TTtiS suakea our Journey. It rained that 200 crowns by the year, and are kxh to offer to the othsr 200 shillings. God. who sittelh In heaven, laugbeta tnelr tea skllliags would very TOuasT teliows oat af w collusioa, oa digging for rat aad get ting naea tounsea aniutac aaa ta ether tatuag ta rewara at t aaa otTto. ing it betweea the. Upon tain Tiaw af th case beiag prsseatad to th board it was formally resolved to th rdae tbe regard troes 3 to oaw guinea. Tkanxaa who th floor of a rail. aas aaouga iaar ww aaau mmwr w pw I Btatas to oe su Kicoraotives, 15 passen Ajasisfaa ctuxaa wwo rwTa pwat 1 ger , cars. specisi cars, 403 freight 1100,009,009 to 130,00000. aad wkoeara la addition to these? there are re will b gruambliag that tar kam ao sued ke!3 depot, 1 retair shon a rouna aousee, turn-tables, 30 switches, 1 ov mm h,ww croaa-siea. iu.stu im Th aralac ef th St-Louiaaad tWla.100 kegsof spikes. 140300 bolts ami Francisco road fee tk last week I Kay, I aoU aad th sam number of washers. lt3, were tl.7S3Jl; fpa-ss; ta-i,sx,vw Met 01 ienc material, and choice to corn, and rewardeth their lib. road car a a splUooa, should t put la I cms la WJ . 2 1 sUtyotnd iron or steel nnM 9 ftAri- R,r. D . erality s it should ; for he suficreth th baggag-car as a spits dog. w iaor far tM T-r Vm to 5UJallsV . UOeSa Uenerai banking Business. Irtkkkst Paid on Timk Deposit. DrafU drawn on Eaatern cities aud all points in Ku.ope Special Attention given to Collections. Cold Cola and Sterling Exchange bought at Current Uatea. Advance mado on Hhipmcnts of Grain and miKi, id'i Mimnerr.iai paper Owcounted. Tkahrgbektoricca paid lor ftehool. Township' t ilt unit I ......... It : I. II PLUMB. President. C. IIOOI. Vic I'rvsldent. - L. X. 11 K KIT A t.K. Cashier. DlltCTOU.P K t1n.K vv -1.. , eritage. Iwta l.utr. : itnnA n..i.i m.i A. K. tnistoa. Id. W. I'hilliua. a . K..h-. wiotr U. C. CBOS. Prmldtnt. Wm. MARTI.S )ALK. Vic Prrt't M. B. HOLUBHMAN, Caakltw First National " BANK ', OP EMPORIA, KANSAS. Capital Stock Paid in, $100,000. BlrKPTLtTg nrsD, $so,oo.oo.