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The Emporia news. (Emporia, Kan.) 1859-1881, November 12, 1880, Image 2

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EMPORIA, FRIDAY, NOV. 12, 1880.
Wo welcome Kansas City to tbe Re.
publican ranks. Bbe polled 7,781 votes.
of which 4,009 were fur Garfield, 8,380
for Hancock, and 320 fur Weaver.
The Chinese are going. Eleven bun.
drcd left the other day. They certainly
hare our consent to go, and we shall not
mourn if tbey forget to come back.
We are glad General Hancock baa tbe
good sense to put bis big fool square
down on the schemers and conspiritors
In New York. What will be tbe next
thing to engage their valuable attention
it is bard to tell.
Was there ever a case before, since tbe
foundation of tbe government,' where a
inan was at tbe same time a member of
congress, U. 8. senator-elect and presl
dent-elect f These are tbe honors to-day
enjoyed by James A. Garfield, who was,
a few years ago, a driver of a canal boat,
lie ia a model of what America can do
for a man.
It must be a matter of consolation to
tbe Irishmen of Kansas that while their
countrymen across tbe briny deep are in
a state of constant turmoil, subjected to
severe oppression at tbe bands of tbe
land owners, their only cause for mourn
ing here is the failure to elect General
Hancock president and the adoption of
tbe constitutional amendment.
It will be in order now for Garfield
and Arthur to commence suit against tbe
newspapers which have been publishing
those fearful pictures of the Republican
candidates. The Inter-Ocean of the 0th
bas cuts of them which one would take
for representations of a couple of pirates
or highwaymen. Really we should have
expected something better from that stal
wart sheet.
Solon Robinson, the long time agri
cultural writer of the New York Trib-
une. died at his home in Jacksonville,
71a.. last Wednesday morning. He was
born in Tolland, Conn, October 21, 1803.
In 1853 Mr. Robinson published a pleas
ing story entitled "Hot Corn ; or. Life
Scenes in New York," which reached
ale of 50.000 copies. He was also the
author of several other works.
The solid south is being beard from.
A prominent southern Democrat, now in
Chicago, says: "If I bad my way 1
would cast tbe 138 electoral votes of the
south solid for Garfield, and make the
thing unanimous. Our alliance with
the northern Democrats gives them all tbe
ha'pence and we get all tbe kicks. We
have done all we promised politically.
but our northern party associates have
sold us out or betrayed us. Tbe north
ern Democrats always con mi It their in
terests and I am in favor now of the
south consulting hers." Many of the
leading naDcrs are expressing similar
opinions, and there is some prospect
that tbe south is awuking to its own true
interests at last.
SOME OFFICIAL FIGURES
From various source wegleun officlul
returns u the vole in 63 or the coun
ties of this state. In these the vote for
Garfield is 02,476; for Hancock. 43,524;
for Weaver. 14,073. Garfield over Han
cock, 48,053; over both, 34,880.
For governor, St. John has 87,037 ;
Ross. 47.770 ; Vrooman. 13.001. St. John
runs behind Garfield 5,139, and Rons
runs ahead of Hancock, 4,255. St. John
over Ross, 39,258; over both 25,357.
Of the 55 counties 22 are in the
Third congressional district acd the vote
on congressman is as follows: Ryan,
33.660; McDonald, 13,064; Mitchell,
7,479. Ryan over McDonald, 19,506;
over both, 13,117.
NEW
The air bas been
mors, during the
YORK.
filled with silly ru-
past few days, that
New York was
that It had given
doubtful, and
majority of five
thousand for Hancock. There were
several Democrats foolish enough to be
lieve these absurd stories. Tbe only
question about New York is the size of
the majority it has given for Garfield.
Tbe World, (Democratic,) puts it at 15,.
000; the Sun, (Democratic J at 20,000;
tbe Herald, (Independent,) at 20,000; the
Tribune (Republican,) at 23,000; and the
Times, (Republican,) at 33,000. It is
certainly as much as 15,000, and may
reach 23,000. Probably 20,000 will be
about the correct figures.
STARTLING FIGURES.
James Redficld has been making
study of homicide In this country and
published the results of bis Investiga
tions recently. The most startling
revelation of the volume is the preva
lence of homicide in the southern states.
Texas takes tbe lead in this matter.
There have been 7,000 murders commit
ted there in 15 years. The record is that
in Texas alone in 1878 there were more
bomicldes than in Maine, New Hamp
shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsyl
vania, Minnesota, and Michigan (aggre
gating a population of 10,000,.
000), all combined. In South Caro
lina, during the sume year, popu
lation something over 1,000,000, the
homicides exceeded thoso of eight north
ern states, with a population of 6,000,000.
In Kentucky, in the same year, popula
tiou in the neighborhood of 1,500,000,
there were more homicides thau in the
entire six New Englaud states, plus
Michigan and Minnesota, contuiuing a
population of 10,000,000. This execs
slve taking of life, which is steadily
kept up in the soulh, is declared to be
larger than in any quarter of the globe.
Mr. Ited fluid does not claim that these
bomicldes have generally HUV direct
connection with politics, but are mainly
due to the defective educatiou and civili
ration, to vhich theitlmobtuiiiversaland
intemperate use of liquor might be su.
pc rod Jed.
"WHO HAS THE POPULAR
VOTE?
The Democratic paper are already
aetling up the claim that Hancock re
ceived the popular vote of the country at
the late election. Tbe following table
shows that this claim cannot be sustain
ed. Notwithstanding the fact that in a
large portion of the south, the portion
of the country under the control of the
Democratic party. Republicans ctiniwt
vote tbeir sentiments, Garfield lias tbe
popular vote by a large majority, as the
following table of approximate state
majorities proves :
Xit). Ifamcoct.
SSOlO
30 uuu
. 1.083
. 4.000
85 000
Si (JO
80.001)
u n
46 000
.40 000
too
1.WJ0
California
Colorado
Connecticut. ..
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota. . .
Nebraska
.. 8.500
lis Aiaoaoia.
Arkansas...
.. 1.670
. M,uo9
.. 7,000
..80 UX)
. .60.000
4.0U0
..61.330
. WOO
40 000
Delaware . .
morula.. ...
Ueorgia ....
Kentucky ..
Louisiana.
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri... .
Nevada ...
New Jersev
SVNJO
New llainuhire. 1 flu)
New York SS4I0
Ohio. ss.oea
Oregon 4M
Peonsylrania. ..17.430
Rhode Island.... 7,150
Vermont S7.000
Wisconsin 801V)
Total 618,1)60
North Carolina
T.0t
South Carolina.. 40. Ouo
Tennessee. 80 000
Tessa.. 70 000
Virginia 90,1X10
West Virginia.. 6,008
Total
Garfield' majority
This is from the Kansas City Times:
There were undoubtedly some frauds
committed in the election in New York
last week and probably by both sides
but no calm-thinking or conservative
Democrat will countenance any attempt
to disturb the business interests of the
country for six months bv the nmnanl
B0'of the poliitcans to open up the
whole matter of tne presidential election
and have New York counted for Han-
coca, it una oeen a week since tbe elec
tion aau uie country nas accepted the
reuj5.fnn.Unfef Wtempt to
override it on technical rrosnuU
end more forcibly than Garctfon'a fiasco
did la Maine lost winter. The Times
does not believe in squealing. If we are
defeated let's accept the result like men
and not act in such a manner as to make
the national Democracy a laughing
UN i oi uie wuoie country.
RATHER FAST.
The Commonwealth of Sunday bad a
"scare crow" for the liquor dealers, an-
tating that tbe prohibitory amendment
passed last Tuesday and went into effect
at six o'clock that day. "This is tbe
view," it says, "taken by tbe best law
yers." We will venture tbe assertion
that neither the Commonwealth nor it
best lawyers even know yet whether the
prohibition amendment has a majority
of tbe votes of tbe stale or not. If it
baa a majority, we suppose it will take
some official count to determine that
fact, and some official declaration will
probably be necessary before the amend.
ment is of full force. We are no lawyer,
but it baa been tbe common belief in
this part ol tbe country that some legis
lation, would be necessary under this
new part oi the constitution to put its
provisions in force, and to fix some
penalties tor its violation. Whether
it is eorrect or not, it is true,
nevertheless, that if a suit were brought
now under the amendment it would de
volve on the prosecution to show that
the amendment had been adopted, which
it certaintly could not do.
We have no doubt at all but that tbe
amendment has been carried, and in
view of this we believe it will be
as well for liquor dealers to "put their
houses in order."
THE AMENDMENT.
We give below the official vote on tbe
prohibition amendment in fifty-seven
counties
Tor Aa'at.
Allen.....
1806
961
iiartoo.
Brow a ,
... 4M0
... 1845
.... 1818
... K5
.... SMS.
.... ttld
... 177
.... Sit
... sar
sit
... 115
... 44
.... 1MT
... 26
1408
.... 1337
....
.... wis
.... so
.. . im
.. . 1880
.... 1"
.... 81S
.... 110
, . iHflii
.... 2HM
.. . sao
.... mi
.... 1843
SIM
.... IMS
1061
.... tun
.. . 131
. . . . 1068
.... Ml
.... 1040
MM
.... 1
im
1000
1035
..... 49
V
. .. 141
M5
.... 18
114
16
110
. . . . 1058
U
158
87(H
1907
U7H
ua
1068
1288
11
lit
870
Cload
Coffer
Cowley
UtTlt
Dickinson
OUT
lta
SIM
418
781
48
SI8
Doniphan
E.1I1S ,
Kill worth
Xor.1 ,
Harper
Jewell ,
108
S46
877
Kingman
Leaven worth . .
Lyon
Mitchell
1178
119S
118
VMM
Mi
818
806
107
1716
Mem aba
Pawnee
Pottawatomie .
Republio
Klley...
Hush
online
Sedswlek
Bnmaer
Trepo
1201
10
1610
8147
til 8
1787
818
164
664
WUDIBnOI...
Atchison
Shawnee
Johnsoa
Chautauqua . . .
Osage
C1K
Greenwood ...
841
Wabaunsee.
DUO
tes
mo
168
ISM
W2
873
Marion.
Anderson
Crawford
I.iun
Ueno .
Osborne
Ruaauil
Kooka
Wilton
Morris
Mantball
McPherson.....
656
me
low
8H6
1863
811
Clay
807
riourunn
1UH
Jackson........
lttM
Labette
Neosho
1123
116
1601
1U3
IJoujclat
Franklin
I'biliipe
Bawling
70
83
Total
Majority for amendment
71.13 66 511
....8.708.
WESTERN GROWTH.
A writer in Hradstreet's draws a very
interesting and striking picture of the
strides which have been made by the
western states upon the impulse of rail
way development. He show that these
ten Slates, operating more than forty
thousand miles of railroad, and upon
which they last year cleared net profits
of nearly ninety-three millions of dol
lars, have in a few years sprung into
their present splendid condition of pros
perity and power solely through the
agency of their abundant and perfectly
appointed system of transportation. Be
fore they inaugurated in earnest the
building up of that system their fortunes
were stagnant. Their industries lan
guished for want of market, immigration
had ceased and progress was unknown.
The people merely existed. Their crops
rotted in the fields or were so heavily
taxed en route to the market as to repre
sent no profit to tbe producer.
With the era of railways
not simply trunk lines, but
the network of feeders and
tributaries with which Ohio,
Idianna and Illinois are literally
enveloped with that era came the tre
mendous awakening and that process of
growth and expansion and development
which stands to-day without parallel in
history, the wonder of the civilized
world. Immigration poured in by a
thousand ceaseless streams, the forests
and the prairies changed as if my. magic
into smiling fields; factories, workshops,
towns and cities started up in the night,
as it were. In the brief space of thirty
years the assessed values of these ten
states have advanced from $900,000,000
to $5,500,000,000 more than 500 per
cent of increase!
FREAK OF A MAD MAN.
A press letter from Berlin, Germany,
of October 23, gives tho following par
ticulars of an encounter with a lunatic
in that city :
One day last week as the insane pa
tients of the great charity hospital at
Berlin were taking their accustomed ex
ercise in the gardens of that establish.
ment, under the supervision of several
attendants, one of them, a lunatic cabdriv
er of herculean strength, contrived to
slip away from bis companion and to
clamber up the trunk of a huge elm
tree. Having reached one of the top
most limbs and armed himself with a
stout branch, which he snapped asunder
as easily as though it had been a mere
twig, he announced, in stentorian ac
cents, his intention of "staying there
forever." In vain did the perplexed
wardens alternately coax and threaten
him; be laughed at their blandishments
aud defied their menaces. No one dared
to attempt his capture by force, so,
after a couple of hours had elapsed, the
medical authorities, having obtained per.
mission from the district lieutenant of
police, summoned to their assistance a
detatchnieut of the fire brigado and an
engine, which forthwith commenced to
play upon the deranged gymnast. Hav
ing drenched him for a ten minutes'
spell, the fireman summoned him to a
parley, but could get nothing out of
him save a fantastic and lughflown
speech of thanks for their refreshing
"attentions." Another and still more
protruded deluge proving equally inef
fectual in inducing him to descend,
the wardens aud policemen resorted to
friendly negotiations, and their persua
sions at length moved the triumphant
madman to declare that if they would
pay homage to his gymnastic skill and
heroic endurances by three rounds of en
thusiastic applause, he would come
down. His terms were promptly accept
ed, and he descended to terra firm a amid
tho vehement plaudits of policemen.
warden and firemen, thus honorably
capitulating after a siege of five hours
and a half of duration.
A SETTLER.
The Snpraaae Court mm Comet? Printing.
Topeka Dally Commonwealth, Nov. t.
The supreme court, at its session yes
terday, traversed the whole field of pub
lic county printing, and as the subject is
one of great interest to county officers,
and publishers of newspapers, we have
taken the trouble to examine the opin
ions just filed and herewith produce tbe
conclusions of that tribunal of its inter
pretation and construction of the statutes
relating to tbe publication of legal ad
vertisements.
Ia the case of Wren & Clawson vs.
the board of county commissioners of
Nemaha county, to recover statutory
fees for the publication of a delinquent
tax list, the court decides that the boards
of county commissioners of lha gerera
counties have the legal right to desig.
nste tbe paper in which the delinquent
tax lists and treaurers' notices shall
appear. In that case, the commission
ers or Aemaha county designated the
Heneca Weekly Courier and the Nemaba
County Republican as ooicial county
papers; eacn paper agreeing to receive
one-half of the legal fees. The treasurer
designated thereafter, in addition, the
Seneca Tribune. Tbe court says tbe des
ignation of tbe Tribune by tbe treasurer
was without authority of law, and
that the publishers cannot recover of the
county any compensation for the adver
tisements furnished by that officer. It is
further decided that tbe statute content
plates the designation of only one official
paper in a county: that if the commis
sioners desizakle two or more, the treasur
er can select either as tle official paper. If
none are designated, tue Measurer can
then designate a paper for bis official
advertisements.
In 0,uigly vs. the commissioners of
Sunaaer county, it is decided that where
tbe publisher of the officio; paper enters
nu a written aoauact to publish the
delinquent Ux lists at less than legal
rates, the contract is valid ;tbat the con
tract price controls; that the publisher
cannot repudiate tbe contract or recover
the statutory fees.
1 1 tbe case of Gentber vs. Lewis, it is
held that a county cannot collect a larger
sura for advertising a tract of land in a
delinquent tax list, than it pays the pub
lisher, in tout case, uie commissioners
contracted for tbe publication ot the de-
inauent tax list at eight cenu lor eacn
tract of land. The statutory fee is twen
ty-fire cents. Lnder tbe decision only
eight cents could be charged to the land
or the owner lor me costs or advertising,
and the excess over eight cents is ad
iodged illegal coma. The court farther
holds tli at a tax deed, otherwise regular
and valid, is fatally defective, if execut
ed under a tax sale, including snch iile
gal costs; that is, including costs in ex.
cess of the actual fees paid to the pub
lisher. The court also intimates mat
publicity is of paramount importance in
legal advertising: thereiore. mat com-
misHioners should designate as the offi
cial organ, the paper having tbe largest
circulation in tbe county; mat a reduc
tion of the legal fees at a sacrifice of cir
culation and publicity is not in the in
terest or the public, nor a sound iounua-
tiop for economy and retrenchment.
AFTER THE FIGHT.
The Kansas City Times of Sunday
counts California for Garfield.
SDeaking of the election at Jefferson
City, the Sedalia Democrat says:
"This
bole went radical, as usual."
Democrats who insist that the Repub
licans maintain tbeir control of the gov
ernment by tbe corrupt use of money,
should change their tactics and stop
betting on the fellows who always come
out second best See tbe p'mtT
HERB AND THERE.
They have feather bed theives in Kan-
is City.
Hon. Galusha A. Grow will run for
the senate in Pennsylvania.
Mrs. Kate Chase Sprague has made
overtures for an amicable divorce.
A man fell over one of the terrific
bluffs the other day at Kansas City and
lost his brains.
It is stated that the Armour Bros.
made $7,000,000 in the "corner" tbey
made on pork.
Major Swain, U. S. A, well known in
Kansas, is spoken of as private secretary
to president Garfield.
Tbe total shipments from Lcadville
for nine months of I860 to October 1st,
amounts to $11,660,743.
One hundred and twenty -eight million
pounds of wool were imported by this
country during the year 1876.
Mr. Johnsmg, of the First congres
sional district, Arkansas, certainly can
not comnlain of not getting "a white
man's chance."
OVER THE STATE.
Fall wheat looks well everywhere.
The Citizen reports Wilson county
scrip at par.
Wilson county bas 14,000 inhabitants
aiid no jail.
Judge Morton's majority in the Third
judicial district was 4,049.
New Pittsbure. Cherokee county, is
said to be growing rapidly.
Wilson county gave a majority of 418
for the prohibitory amendment.
Over one hnndred students are in at
tondancc at the Ft. Scott Normal college.
The state reform school building at
Topeka is rapidly approaching couiple.
tion.
John Gilmore feels so good that he
goes into the pictorial business. Full
of good hits.
J. W. Northam, of Girard, killed a
blowing viper five feet long on Tuesday
of lost week.
Girurd turned out seventy -two old sol
diers, all of whom voted the straight Re.
publican ticket
The school statistics of Shawnee coun,
ty show an increase of 1,500 pupils durs
ing the last year.
Roes was the strongest man the Demo
crats could have run for governor. He
ran 4,255 votes ahead of Hancock.
Three hundred men left Jewell county
a few days ago to work on the Denver &
Rio Grande railroad in New Mexico.
The cotton crop about Independence,
Kansas, bas been gathered and was a fair
yield. Two cotton gins have been put in
operation.
Thoe. Fcnlon was seriously burned by
the explosion of a kerosene lamp in bis
room in Leavenworth, but will soon re
cover, it is thought.
The annual meeting of the state
Grange of Kansas will beheld at Olathe,
Johnson county, Tuesday, December
21st, 1880, at 10 o'clock a. m.
George A. Thompson, of Galena, one
day last week, sold 600,000 pounds of
mineral at $98 per 1,000 pounds, mak
ing a grand total of $15,000.
Mr. E. Sapp, of Thayer, a well known
stock and grain dealer, was attacked on
Monday night of last week, by a couple
of highwaymen, knocked out of bis bug
gy and robbed.
Prof. Wolf, of Wyandotte, Is gathering
material for a historical painting for the
legislative halls it Topeka. He is an
artist of fifty years' experience and is the
author of Wolff Panorama of Paradise
Lost, painted at Cincinnati, Ohio.
Secretary of State, Smith, estimated
that a constitutional convention would
cost tbe people or Kansas f suu.uuo, so
the people thought they would just save
tbst little item and voted against tbe
proposition so solidly that even the re
turns are of no interest
Members of the Topeka Flambeau
club are trying to secure an invitation to
attend the inauguration of president
elect Garfield. Tbe boys did noble ser
vice duriog the campaign and we trust
their wish may be substantially gratified
in tbe bo ape of free transportation to and
from Washington ctly.
Prouty, of .the Junction City Union,
loves John Davis, of the Junction City
Tribune.- Hear hi mr
"Mr. Johu Davis certainly has occa
sion to feel proud of his vote in Davis
county. He runs away ahead of Lis
ticket John, you nave some peculiari
ties we dislike, but on the whole we love
you. Shake."
Now, we shall watch with interest the
result when John gets alter the "deli
quent tax list."
The local politicians of Topeka are
already discussing the chances of their
various friends for the office of mayor of
the metropolis of Kansas." Thus far
in tbe caovaag only seven names have
been suggested, but it is thought that by
tbe middle of March next a suftlcieot
number will have offered themselves to
permit the people to make a proper se
lection. In view of Dr. Strlngfleld's em
inent qualifications, as well as his eyi
dent popularity, it is hoped his friends
will not fail to present his claims.
A NEW WaT-
An indignant subscriber to a New
Jersey paper appt into tbe office a few
days ago and ordered bis paper stopped,
because he di tiered with the editor i4 his
views of subsoil ing fence rails. The
editor conceded the man's right to stop
his paper, and remarked cooly, as he
looked over his list:
Do you know Jim Sowdeas down at
Hardscrabbler
"Very well," said the man.
"WaU, be stopped bis paper last week
because I thought a tanner was a blamed
fool who didn't know ilwttjmothy was a
good thing to graft on huckleberry
bushes, aud he (lied in less than four
houis." .
. "Lord ! is that so " said tbe astonished
granger.
Vcsi and you know old George
Erickson, doaQ on Ksle creek ? ;
-Well, I re heard oblm."
Well," said the editer, rraef . "be
stopped bis psper because I said bis was
tbe happy father of twins, and congrat
ulated him on his success so late ia life.
He fell dead in twenty minntea.
"There's lots of similar caaes, but It
don't matter. I'll just cross your name
off, though you don't look strong, and
there's a bad color about yonr nose.
. "Bee here, Mr. Editor," said the sub
scriber, looking somewhat alarmed, "I
believe I'll just keep on another year,
because I always did like your paper;
and come to turn or it, you re a young
man. and some allowance euirht to be
," and be departed satisfied that he had
made a narrow escape from ueatii.
THE NEWS.
THE TROUBLE IN IRELAND.
The English Sauadron Ordered to the
Irish Coast.
Hancock
Don't Want to
President.
be -Technical
A Narrow Escape in California.
The New York Democracy Proposes to
Get Rid of the "Bosses-" , .
Crimes of a Drunken Fiend in Ohio.
Count One for Arkansas, also. Mr. John
son Steps Out of the Barber Shop
Into the House of Repre
sentatives. Railroad War New Railroad Election
Returns Gen. Sheridan's Report.
Grant tor Secretary of War.
Special dispatch to
The Trouble in
Earoaia Dailt
News
Ireland. Gossip
Conk ling.
About
JJublin, Ireland, Nov. 8. Great meet
ings were held in all partsof Ireland yes
terday. Every town was aroused and
much excitement . prevailed. The
wronged people are thoroughly aroused.
The English Channel squadron has
beeu ordered to the Irish coast, and tbe
trovernment is determined to take tbe
most decisive steos to quell any out
break.
The platform on which Farnell was
speaking at Athlone was broken down.
It is alleged this was the act of govern
ment agents.
Dublin, Ireland, Nov. 9. The excite-
mentis becoming more intense among
the DeoDle. Troops are arriving in Ire
land daily, and are being quartered in
the disturbed districts. Tbe peasants
nearly all have plenty of arms and amuni
tion, and open rebellion is feared by the
government
Washington, Nov. 9. It is now
thought Conkling will be asked to ac
cept the position of secretary of state in
the new cabinet, but it is believed be
will not accept.
It 18 also said that John Hay will be
offered a portfolio
N ew York, Nov. 8. General Han-
cock, tbe late Democratic candidate
for president, has written a letter to
chairman Barnum to stop the fraud cry
being raised by the Democracy in New
York, as he does not wish to be a "tech
nical" president
San Francisco, Not. 8. It i :ow as
certained that California gve it- vot to
the Republican electors forty i- yurity,
Washington, D. C. Nov. 8. ' is said
here, in well informed circles that the
position of secretary of war in the new
cabinet will be tendered to Gcueral
Grant
Political. Gossip The New Cabinet
Washinnton, D. C, Nov. 8. Forney's
Sunday Chronicle yesterday contained
the following double leaded statement
We are in possession of the most relia.
ble information for stating that all the
rumors afloat concerning agreements
between President-elect Gurtield and the
lenders of the party for a distribution of
official patrouage are the silliest ca
nards. That many promiuent Republi
cans visited and conferred with General
Ga field is true, but that these visits and
conferences implied bargains and sales is
the merest fabrication. The only con
ference that took place at Mentor, liable
to special sigmlieance, was with the
elder Comerou, his sou Don and General
Grant and Senators Conkling aud Logan.
At this interview, nothing was said
about the future, excepting a discus
sion of plans for the success of tho
party, nor did Gen. Garfield invite an in
terview, the idea having originated with
the elder uameron. lie, having more
sagacity than the rest, saw far enoucli
ahead to realize that they had more at
stake than Gen. Garfield, and as subse
quent events show they are belter off
politically than had they skulked into
their tents, tiarnciu win neither otlentl
bis party nor the country in the con
struction of his cabinet, for while he ap
preciates the Hopes ot bis fneuds that
bis administration will be a stalwart
one, he will in no sense permit abuses
under it As to who will compose his
cabinet the question of individuals has
barely entered his mind, and just as soon
as it docs he will call around him the
ablest men of the party for consultation.
. His letter of acceptance Is very clear
and decided on this point The only
two points said to be settled are first,
provision for Secretary Sherman and
recognition of some kind for Gov. Fos
ter, who perhaps holds closer relations
with Gen. Garfield than any man in the
country. Secretary Sherman
goes back to tub senate.
by his own choice. Gov. Foster will be.
offered a cabinet position, if be wants
it, on a grade like that of the Secretary
of tbe Interior. There is no doubt of
the definite conclusion of these two
points, but beyond this nothing has
been talked of, excepting when the
proper time comes to hold a consulta
tion with the prominent members of the
party, as stated. Ucn. Garfield will not
set himself against the judgment of his
friends or overlook the value of
their advice. At the same time
be will be president and ready
to ' assume all the responsibilities
Of his administration in constructing
the cabinet. New Jgngland will not be
overruled through the conceit ot a lead:
er like Blaine. New York will be duly
considered by the advice of Senator
Conkling, and if he wants a gentleman
like Hon. Levi P. Morton put at tbe
head of the treasury department it will
be done. Mr. Morton is bis life long
tnend, or undoubted ability, and has the
confidence of the moneyed men of the
country. So there is no telling what
may happen. Pennsylvania will also be
fairly consided through Senator Came
roa, and the west through Gen. Grant
and Logan. The former. Gen. Grant,
can easily have the war department, if
he wants it,, which is hardly -likely- The
latter, log&n, U8 tnends sav, 'i1'! like
the interior departmopt oIlV t . 'im,
but this is doubtful. The s- a tot
be ignored, but there will I V' f r ter
wasting of cabinet position by
this administration at least .v -ady
stated, there is no definite line of sclec
tion yet determined upon, but what we
have herein stated covers in a general
way the prosrram of the future, on as
good .33 authority as any out of the
liniiti ol Mentor. 4
The -JBeetioB
WEST VIRGINIA.
Wdkeuso, W. Ya., Nov. 6. The con
test in this congressional district, be
tween Wilson. Democrat, and Hutchin
son, Republican, has been very close; so
close that the tatter's election was, at one
time during the lost day or two, confix
dently claimed. It would seem now,
from the latest report, that Wilson has
about 62 majority. He had 3,400 plurali
ty two days ago. Hutchinson bos run
ahead of the Republican ticket in most
of the counties and made the best race
for a Republican since 1872.
MASSACHUSETTS.
Boston, Nov. 6. A recount of the
votes of Boston wards in the 43lh con
gressional district increases Morse's
plurality, making bis plurality in the
whole district 115.
MISSOURI.
St. Louis, Nov. 6. Official and unof
ficial reports from 48 of the 114 counties
of this state give Hancock 110.203 votes;
Garfield. 71335; Weaver, 14.956. Han
cock's plurality, 30,9o3; a majority over
all of 13,012. The same counties in 1870
gave Tilden 110,308; Hayes, 78,378;
Cooper. 1.315. Democratic loss, 1.075;
Republican loss, 7.073 ; Greenback gain,
13,651.
MINNESOTA.
St. Pacu Nov. 6. The following are
tbe revised footings of the Republican
majorities for president and congress:
Garfield, 34.348; Dun Del I, first district,
8.531; Strait, second district, 5,505;
Washburne, third district, 9,635.
NEW BAMPISHKK.
CosaoRp, iSoy, p. Returns from all
but three precincts in the state show a
total presidential rote of 86,177, as fol
lows: Garfield. 44,787; Hancock, 40,707 i
scattering, 683.
- " .INDIANA. i -
Indianapolis, Nov. 6. Official re
turns from eighty-one counties give a
Republican majority of 4,489. Of the
remaining eleven counties, six gave a
Republican majority in October of 2,
926, and five a liemacratic majority of
740. Tbe counties beard froia shaw a
net Democratic gain of 207 over October.
A Close Shave in California.
' San Francisco, Nov. 7. Del Norte
elected a Republican assemblyman and
give pjne majarity for Garfield, increas
ing liig tba3 for tbe present plurality
la the state, the small precincts beard
from sot having sufficiently returned
voted to wipe out Gsrfirld-'a 150.
Later Thi; mail brings different fig
ures from Mendocino.' Contra tua and
Los Angeltni, which increase Hancock's
vote 350 and Garfield's 185, leaving Han
cock about 20 ahead.
Later The canvassers in Mendocino
made a mistake of 100 in addition. Gar
field has the state by 80 majority. - ,
' THE CHRONICLE'S TABLE.
San Francisco. Nov. 7. The Chron
icle to-day prints a table of majorities
by counties, showing ins iwenty-eigui
Ot til r III give viuc uuijvbij,
while twenty-three give uancoc a ma
jority of 6,723. The Republicans claim
- ... c . . .i ..t I v. ion
a Dluranry ior osiucm uj io. sue
Uhronicie says n win vse tuc uuiuv
vote to decide.
ANOTHER ESTnCATB.
8 an FnANUSCO. Nov. 7. Los An-
eeles bas been beard from, and the miss-
ing precincts in Dnasia, ouuer ana a w
lumne. - The only counties about which
there remains any doubt are Invo and
Marinosa. and the miasm? nrecinets are
estimated. The resut shows 70,198 for
Garfield and 70,150 for Hancock.
San Francisco, Nov. 9. The official
returns of tbe state are coming in this
evening, but cannot be obtained from
three or lour remote eo an ties -neiore
Thursday. Thirty-four counties out of
tmy-two show a n ttepuDiican gam
over the previous figures of thirty-five
vtes. There is considerable ainerence
between the vote for different electors
and with the ceneral result so close it is
quite possible that a divided ticket may
firove to be elected, lerry runs sirong
v behind and ia beaten bevond Question.
BAN r KANBISCO, IHOV. V. lUe orOCIaU
returns are not yet all in but enough bas
been received to determine that the
Hancock electors except J ad ire Terry,
have carried the state by a majority of
from 200 to 300. Tbe Republicans have
elected fourteen assemblymen, riving a
majority of two in the assembly ana of
twelve for joint ballot.
Official Tote ia afissoorL
St. Louis. Nov. 9. The official vote of
this city gives Hancock 23.887; Garfield
zs.uuo; weaver btz; uancoca's plurali
ty 831. Crittenden,D'-mocrat for gover.
nor, Z3,aiv; uyer, republican, sw.idz;
Brown, Greenbacker, 894; Crittenden's
nlnrnlitv. HOT. " 1 tie Dluraitlv on tbe re
mainderbfluetaW'ticketTanges from
231 to 1,095.. On the city ticket, W. 11
Horner, tor judge or tbe circuit court.
received 1,035 majority; E.A. Noon an,
Democrat, for circuit attorney. 1,424 ma
jority ; Isaac M. Mason, Kepubiican, tor
sueriu, t,uov plurality: units,
Rebublican. for county attorney. 118
i T . w, 1 1 . T Ty T r .
plurality: J. M. Frank. Republican, for
coroner, 911 plurality; Jno. G. Woerner,
democrat, ior judge or tne pro Date coun,
no opposition ; MT D. Lewis, Democrat,
for public administrator, no opposition;
Seymour D. Thompson. Republican, ior
Judge of the court of appeals, 8,000 ma
jority in tbe city ana tsaa majority in we
county outside or tne city, wnicn con-
stitutes tbe judicial district Of the
three state senators the Republicans
elect two, and or the fifteen represents
tives the Democrats elect ten.
St. Locis. Nov. . A Republican
snecial from Jefferson City says: Offl
cial returns from 67 counties give Han
cock 114,544 votes, Garfield, 79,823, Wea
ver 20.934. The same counties In l7t),
gave Tilden 111,218, Hayes 78,530, Coop
er 3S.714.
Gen- Sheridan's Be port-
Chicago, Nov. 9. Gen. Sheridan's an
nual report to the eeneral of the army
sets forth that there are in the depart
ment of Dakota 4,b50 officers and men ; in
the department of Missouri 4,720; and
in the dcoartment of Texas 3.040. He
wishes again to put himself on record as
considering this force entirely inade-
auatetothe ereat territory and tbe nu
merous demands upon tne army irom
the northern and southern borders.' The
ratio is about one man to every seventy.
five square miles, and in Texas one man
to every 125 square miles. The .result
is, the troops are frequently overworked
and often compelled to take tbe field
atrainst ereatly Buperlor numbers.
The officers and men are equal in In
tel 11 sence. activity and devotion to any
army in the world, and no army of its
size accomplishes one third as much
hard work from one year's end to an
other. He refers to the rapidity with
which emigrants are taking up land in
the far west, and calls attention to the
recommendations of ceneral Pope that
permanent posts be established in lieu
of the present costly and insufficient
8m all posts. He says that the railroad
companies are the strongest allies of the
military in tbe west and shows what
wonders of enterprise are being accom
plished by these vigorous corporations
in the unsettled regions of the Terri
tories.
A Man of Stroae Temper.
Richmond, Ya., Nov. 6. Loudoun
county in this state has been the scene of
one ot tbe bloodiest tragedies Known in
V irgima. .. It seems that yesterday Mer-re)I-NottisinaaU)
forniec in Loudoun,
Loudoun county, baa a quarrel with his
sister-in-law. it is thought that be bad
previously quarreled with his wife and
that his sister-in-law took her port. He
was a man of strong temper, and finally
nurrying trom his sister-tn law be went
into the yard, and getting a laree knife
used for cutting corn, came back and as
saulted ber with it She ran into the
yard and ha pursued her and stabbed her
until he thought she was dead. . After
this he returned to the house, and tak
ing his gun fired it into the air. He
coolly reloaded it and then went to the
spot where the wprnan la,y and patting
the muzzle of the glib tinder bis-chin
fired, the whole load passing through
his mouth, tearing out the tongue and
lodging in bis head. He fell to the
ground, but while in the throes of death
be saw some signs of returning life in
the woman, and dragging his body to
where she lay and reaching forward,
seized a big stone and dealt ber a blow
in tbe face. As be was raising himself
to repeat the blow his wife entered the
yard, and taking in the situation at a
glance, she herself seized another large
rock, and standing over the prostrate
form of her husband put an end to his
struggles. Her sister died in a few mips
utes alter.
New Railroad -
St. Lotjis, Nov. 9. The Arkansas di
vision of the St. Louis & San Francisco
railroad was completed to-day and open
ed for business to Seligman, thirty-five
miles south of Pierce City, the point
wberc it branches from tbe main line,
Seligman is only two weeks old, but it
already shows evidence of becominar
flourishing and enterprising city. .. Ten
. c. i 1 1 .J r i . ,
iu uiiccu uipmingn are ueing erecieu
daily, and there is an energy and pnsh
about the people seldom seen even ia
frontier towns.
The completion of tbe road to this
point shortens the stage ride to the now
famous Eureka Springs ot Arkansas
from eighty to eighteen miles, and ena
bles invalids to reach the marvelous cur
ative waters with comparative ease and
comfort Staire coaches arc already run
ning from Seligman to different parts of
northorn Arkansas, and people are re
ceiving mails from St Louis in t went v.
four hours. This improvement is highly
appreciated by tne business men, and
the road will be energetically pushed
souui rrom pejigman.
Steamer Ashore.
Providence, Nov. 6. The steamer
Rhode Island.of the Providence line, went
asbore on .Bennett foint, near Beaver
Tail, Narraganscit bay, at 4:30 this
morning. No passengers were lost, but
several of the crew were hurt in the con
fusion and wreckage, and at davlifht
tb pss$epgra .and crew were safely
landed.. The- steamer-'I.' considerably
broken up, and there win probably be
considerable damage sod loss of freight
A special dispatch to the Journal says
the steamer Rhode Island fs a wreck on
the shore of Bennett Point, on the north
side ot VV hale Hock-. The boat struck
W bale rock at 3:13 a. m. Making wa
ter, the steamer beaded in shore, where
she is now lying. Hue is, no doubt.
total - wreck. The fires were put out
Tbe passengers were all saved and are
being cared for. A dense fog prevailed
at the time. The passengers speak very
bigbly ol uaptain Alou ana tbe other ol-
nccrs. Uiltay, tbe bead steward, was se
verely hurt, a chandelier falling on bis
head. Tbe steamer bad about 150 pas
sengers. Freights from between tbe
decks are being picked up by boats.
Murderous Work ot a Drankea Fiend.
Batesvillk, O- Nov. 8. A horrible
tragedy became known yesterday morn
ing, frank M. Uiraenpaogb, a young
German, wealthy, who three years ago
married the daughter of a'neighboring
farmer, came home late Saturday night
iDvuncaieu, aau entering uie room
where hia wife and child slept, assaulted
tbem with an axe. His wife's sknll was
crushed by a single blow and then Lis
son's throat was cut by the edge of the
axe. lie men went to the room where
Mrs. Stephens, a vis tor, and her child
and servant were sleeping, and killed
Mrs. Stephens and ber child. Tbe ser
vant girl was awakened and sprang to.
waru tne aoor, out was Knockel
less and left for dead. Upon recovering
consciousness she gave the alarm, and
the neighbors came. It was not till
morning that the murderer -was found,
hidden in a tobacco house, with - his
throat cut, though not fatally. Jealous
ly, Insanity and drunkenness are the
theories advanced to account tor tbe
horrible crime.
Indian News
Omaha, Nov. . Training Bear and
five other Brule Sioux, held at Fort
Omaha since August for the murder of
m n 4 , - a .
sicjijcf hi) Biesujng norses nave beea
taken to West Point. Nebraska, for trial
in the state court- Tbe case has attract
ed mncn attention at Washington.
Yankton, D. T, Nov. o. Arrange-
uitruia uave uccu corupieieu Detween tbe
Ked Cloud and Spotted Tail Indiana
Amerinan
and Crow creek westward through the
Sioux reservation to Cheyenne. The
right of way is 180 miles long and two
hundred feet wide. One hundred and
ten dollars per mile was paid, four dol
lars per acre ior swum ground, not ex
ceeding 160 acres per station. Five dol
lars per acre la paid lor tbe lownsite on
the west side of the Missouri river at the
mouut oi American i-row creek.
Pardoned
Washington, NSv. 8. In 1875 Oscar
Snow, while a boy aged fifteen, was tried
witn outers, in uie western district court
of Arkansas, for murder. Sbow was sen
tenced to bo hanged September 18th of
that year. An application for pardon
was made and his sentence was com
muted to life imprisonment On April
1, 1877, an application for pardon was
renewed, and it was decided if, at the
end of five years, he bad behaved well,
the application would be favorably con
sidered. Five years have elapsed, and
tue warden or the Joliet penitentiary
having reported Snow's conduct good.
ana .tne Judge who sentenced bim hav
ing recommend it President Hsves to
day granted his pardon. When bis sen
tence was commuted, bnow begged to be
bung, saying that he would rather suffer
deatn tnan remain a prisoner for life.
New York Democracy Want to Get Eld of
Uie Bossea-
Chicago, Nov. 8. The Times New
York special says: "Many of tbe most
intelligent ana influential .Democrats ot
tbe city are interesting themselves in a
movement for the abolishment of the
present organization of the Democratic
party in that city, and tne reconstruction
of a party on a new basis. They believe
tnat tne party is gradually losing its
hold on New York on account of tbe
Boss" system of management and the
consequent fight among factions. The
primal features are almost identical
with those of the Republican party in
the city and it is announced that tbe
plans will be perfected and made public
wiinin ten cays."
A Heavy Failare.
Minneapolis. Minn-. Nov. 6. The
extensive wholesale dry goods house of
is. ti. uarwooa passea into the bands or
the s Deri a yesterday, and tbe. firm con
fessed' judgment lij 'sums aggregating
9384.0UO. The bouse has eeen doing
business amounting to a million dollars
a year. The death of Henry B rally, of
New York, in January last, was the
cause, he having loaned the firm large
sums, which the settlement of his estate
required should be paid. The assets
nearly equal tbe liabilities. Three hun
dred employes are thrown out of work,
(realtors cuieny here
Beantifal Snow.
Chicago. Nov. 6. A heavy snow set
iu uiu monuug, nma ing uie wires
heavy and tbeeround- wet. In Spring.
Held tour Inches- have Tanen, butr.sre
owing to tbe mud weather.it melts
nearly as fast as it rails. .
St. Louis, Nov. 6. A snow storm has
been prevailing here since late last night,
out tne snow metis as last as it rails.
Mabshall, Tex. Nov. 6. It snowed
here this morning and tbe ground is
frozen.
.Cheap Traveling.
St. Louis. Nov. 9. The Chicago &
Alton road made the following rates to
interior points this morning: Ft Wayne,
$2.80 ; Pittsburg, $8.30 ; Cleveland, $3.45 ;
$1 to Lafayette, Muncie, Femont, Lima,
Gibson, Moonstone, Paxton and some
other small places. These $1 points are
an junctions witn other roads. The rate
to Chicago and Kansas City remains at
$1, the same as for several days past
ine wsoasn nas not yet met this cut
From the Barber Short to Congress.
Memphis. Nov. 8. The latest returns
Indicate tbe election of Johnson (color
ed Republican) in the First Arkansas
district, to congress by 1,000 majority,
over foindexter Dunn (Democrat). John
son is a barber, residing in Augusta,
Arkansas. His candidacy was announc
ed but one week prior to uie election
My Eyes.
New Yobk, Nov. 8. Some time dur.
ing Sunday burglars completely gutted
the store of Meyrowitz Bros., opticians.
4th avenue and 23d street, carrying away
nn.H r1 n nnnn Diuvl.plji. Antliinl nut.,.
ments, glass eyes, etc., to the valuo ot
fl2,UUUorlo,UUU. JNo arrests.
Oregon Hetnrns.
Poktland, -Nov. 8. AH the counties
in the state except Grant and Curry have
been heard from, and nearly all official.
which give Garfield 547 majority.
Portland. Nov. 8. Two counties vet
to hear from will probably increase Gar-
- t
neiu s majoiiiy 10 ow,
ThMves Arrested.
Denver, Col-, Nov. 6. The Tribune's
Leadville spedial says: Eldridge J.
Dawson, assistant postmaster, and Ed
ward A. Clark, stamp clerk, were arrest
ed yesterday on a charge of stealing
goverment funds. . The amount of tbeir
deficiency is about $6,000V,
Fire.
New York, Nov. 9. Three upper
stories or the nve-story brick factory
building, sis to 323 east Via. street, were
burned out last night Loss $50,000,
distributed among the- occupants, who
were paruaiiy insured.
Major Kalloeh Arrested.
San Francisco, Nov. 6. Mayor Kal
loch was arrested here to-day on an in.
dictment by the grand jury, charging
him with infraction of the law in con
nection with employers of labor on the
new City Hall by tbe day's work instead
or contract
Frozen to Death.
Fort Worth. Texas. Nov. 6. A. M,
Bone was found five miles from this city
mis morning, irozen to a earn.
THE NEW RUGBY.
na Hvrhes Tnlka
About the
Maw Colony 1st TonsM
The rooms of tbe Farmers' Club, in
uooper institute, were ailed with peo
ple of both sexes yesterday afternoon to
near Thomas Hughes talk about the
Rugby settlement in Tennessee, A large
part of Mr. Hughes' remarks were sug
gested ny questions irom tne audience.
Mr. Hughes said he was in tbe country
to establish a settlement for young Eng
lishmen, and Americans also, who, he
hoped, would join them. The origin of
the settlement was in the necessity of
some outlet of this kind for the young
generation of England. There was no
country to which they would naturally
turn as to this country, where tbe same
language was spoken, and where they
wumu nut! uie name luuumuous. iue
next point was to look about for the best
auarters in which to establish
le settlement It seemed best
to settle south of Mason
and Dixon's line, for several reasons, in
many states. It was difficult to obtain
any tract of land large enough except in
alternate sections. Again, the report as
to the beautiful climate and healthful
ncss induced them to look in that direc
tion, and tbe very fact that they were go
ing into the south was considerable in
ducement "We have very litttle chance
to teach the north anything, but on the
contrary, there are many things for us to
learn. If any Englishman thinks he
js coming over to teach the north any
thing he will find himself mistaken."
This was certainly not the case in the
south, Mr. Hughes thought Anything
more thriftless or careless he had never
seen. All they seemed to care for is to
get enough to eat, go hunting and fish
ing, and have a Ood time. He hoped
sincerely that the good example set them
ax KAgby,woj$i.j14ociie &bem to new el
forts to bring a revolution in the state of
agriculture in that section.'
Cumberland plateau, on which the set
tlemept is situated, is nesrly 2,000 feet
above tbe sea, and this probably accounts
for its delightful climate. The
town is already laid ont
into streets, and many of the lots haye
been sold. Houses are being
built as fast as possible, considering the
difficulty of obtaining building material.
A quarry and brick field are near by.
and a saw mlH ia ntwing1 Sway as fast as
it can-' They have put up a capital ho
tel, which has been named tbe Tabard
by Dr. Agnew, of this city, after the old
hosllery in the south of London, from
which the Canterbury pilgrims used to
start 500 years ago, and Dr. Agnew is to
send for the hotel some of the original
banisters in the old hotel, which he
bought when it was torn down. A few
weeks ago a small beginning of a library
was made with a few books belonging to
Mr. Hughes, and a contribution made by
bis fellow pasengers on the voyage to
this country. While on his visit to Bos
ton be was astonished and delighted to
find that the great publishers of New
York, Boston and Philadelphia had con
tributed nearly 4,000 volumes to tbe free
library of Rugby. A church baa been
built and a vestry organized, and the
building will be used by all denomina
tions otch rist i an i ty. A school has been
organ izedand if tbey can only establish as
good a one in the aew Rugby as there
was at the old Rugby in his school days,
be will be satisfied. As to the conditions
of becoming members of the settlement,
every person must enter into a covenant
that be will sell no intoxicating liquors,
and for violation of this he must forfeit
his membership. Every man baying a
lot must build within three years a house
of the value of $400. Another condition
is that all persons shall help to carry out
the different sanitary arrangements. Up
to the last month the town lots varied in
price up to $60. Now nothing is sold
for less than $100. Around the town
surveys have been made, and the land
has been purchased largely or the set
tlers at from $5 to $7 an acre. The most
profitable occupation seem to be sheep
raising and the planting of fruit and gar
den vegetables, which find a ready mar.
ket at Chattaqua. Many of the mechan
ics who went to the settlement from the
ntt have decided to remain 'rjermSneot.
ly. as tere seems to be plenty of' work
The extent of lka$ actually pkesed.
and aeeara is ,imi acres, out were is
bonded to them nearly 400,000, if they
shall ever desire so large a tract. New
York Sub. - - ;'
From Sassafras, Kent county, Mary,
land : "I find that I sell as much of Dr.
Bull's cough syrup as of other remedies
combined. J. E. Haktlet, Draggist."
GENERAL LEE'S SURRENDER.
Closing Sonne or tho War -The
Whits Flag; at Appomattox,
rrom tbe Philadelphia Times.
On the morning of Anril i. lSMtf it
was obvious that something quite out of
the ordinary routine had happened, and
I rode in the direction of Gen. Lee's
neadquarters, which were at a house
about a mile west of Petersburg. The
scene here was bustling and full of ex
citement Couriers were oassinir to and
fro across the field carrying orders, aiid
tne DiacE smoKC mentioned was seen to
rise from a burning house, toward the
outer works, near which was caught the
gieam oi icaerai bayonets. Tbey Had
broken tbe lines there, cantured the forts
and were rapidly advancing, apparently
to attack Gen. Lee's slight inner works
uirecviy in uie suouros oi fetersbnrg.
I was very much struck with his calm
ness oi this trying occasion, and have
often remembered it since as a remarka
ble proof of the extraordinary coolness
ana eq in pose or bis character. He was
standing in the midst of a group of offi
cers on tne lawn ot tne bouse wbere he
had his headquarters, looking through
bis field glass at a federal brigade or di
vision advancing at a double quick to
charge a battery posted on a knoll about
800 yards to the right of the house.
a is race was entirely com
posed and nothing in his appear
ance indicated any emotion whatever.
Having asked a friend in the group of
officers if be could inform me where I
could find Gen. Pendleton, chief of the
artillery. Gen. Lee hearing tbe question.
turned around quietly, raised his hat in
return from my own saddle, and told me
in a mild voice what 1 wished to Know.
In a few minutes the federal infantry, at
which he had been looking, charged tbe
funs on the knoll, which came off on
er a hot musketry fire, and Gen. Lee,
finding that he was in danger of capture
mounted bis gray and rode back slowly
toward the town. As he was surround
ed by a considerable number of officers,
the grouo attracted the attention of the
enemy, and tley opened fire on it One
of the shells killed the horse of an officer
within a few feet of me. and cut the
bridle reins of another, and a second
shell exploded directly behind Gen. Lee,
wiinin a lew leel it seemed oi nis uacii,
but without hurting him. His escape
was remarkable, as the fragments of the
shell raised the dust around him like a
shower of musket balls, and the incident
seemed to excite bim for the first I lme
His face had been quite composed up to
this moment, but suddenly nusuea witn
anger. He turned his head over his
right shoulder and looked at tbe tcuerai
guns with the expression of a man who
likes to charge them. He grew calm in
a few momenta, however, and saving to
an officer in a matter-of-fact voice. "This
is a bad business, colonel," rode on, still
under the fireef the shell, at a slow
pace, to the low inner works, manned by
a thin line ot iniantry.
On the morning ot what a rhetorical
writer would be apt to call the "tatal
day" I rode tip to Appomattax court
bouse, wbicb is a village on a nui, wuu
the natural curiosity to find what was go
ing to take place. It was certain mat
the events of this forenoon would (le
cide everything, as Appomatox was, in
military phrase, the "defile" through
which the confederates must pass to
their safety or destruction. A heavy
federal force, whether infantry or caval
rv was not known, was in lront, aua tue
decisive moment had come. If it was
only cavalry it was tolerably sure that a
man like Gordon, at the head of his five
thousand veterans, would make sbort
work of them ; but if the federal infan
try was up in heavy force it was quite as
certain that it would make short work
of Gordon. He had advanced consider
ably bevond the court house, and there
were no troops in tne village at tne
moment I entered it and rode on. There
were traces of an engagement, however.
on the night before, and I have often
thought since of a trilling circumstance,
if it may be called such, wbicb attract
ed my attention. The dead body of a
young artillery officer was lying in the
road up tne mil. a lew weeks oeiore tie
had sent in his application for a month's
furlough to go and see his wife, who
was dangerously ill, and though a gener
al order directed that no leaves what
ever should be granted, I had forward
d hia anolication to Col. Tavlor.
chief of-staff, calling his attention to the
case. He gave the young officer ten
days, and he.duly went and returned, and
was now dead.
SCENES AT APPOMATTOX.
Gordon carried out bis orders, and
made a sudden attack on the force in his
front one of his old reckless assaults
which on so many occasions during the
latter months ot the war had carried ev
erything before them. There was a gen
eral conviction in the army that Gordon
could be counted on to effect anything
that was not absolutely impossible. The
force of infantry and cay airy in his front
was quite overpowering. He first at
tacked Gen. Sheridan's cavalry and drove
it a considerable distance, but then he
came on the infantry and could do noth
ing further, and tell back, the result
was that Gen. Lea sent a flag to Gen.
Grant with a view to surrender his army,
and soon afterward went to Appomattox
court house to meet him there.
These events occurred quite rapidly,
and the yicinity of the village had be
come a scene of deep interest, though it
could hardly be called one of excite
ment There was no "noise and confu
sion," and Longstreet's small corps of
two thousand men, who had been sent
for from the rear, advanced steadily in
profound silence to form the line of bat
tie behind the hill. From casual obser
vation of ground at the spot it struck
me as a sort of amphitheater, with the
confederates in tbe arena and the federal
audience, so to speak, on the raised seats.
The surrounding bills were excellent
positions for artillery, and the small
force could be easily destroyed.it seemed.
There was no doubt about the federal
force "up" and ready for attack. The
late Gen. Custer, then a young cay airy
officer, with long, curling hair, and
wearing a velvet undress jacket, rode
down the slope with a flag, and I heard
him exclaim, in an exited voice; "We
have eighty thousand men just over that
bill," pointing behind him as he spoke
in the direction of the court house.
At the moment only tbe federal caval
ry were visible, and the situation was
not encouraging. Tbey were drawn up
in a very heavy column, or rather line
of battle, in the depression opposite the
confederate left A broad ravine gave
us a good view ot tbem a solid and
black mass, with light flashing from the
sabres. They produced the impjession
or being ready and only being held in
leash, which, I suppose, affords a good
idea or tbe tacts.
THE WHITE FLAG.
There was no further fighting, how
ever. Gen. Lee had ridden to the court
house, and agreed to the terms of sur
render proposed by Gen. Grant, who very
courteously appologized for not wearing
nis dress sword, which be said was wuu
bis baggage. Gen. Lee is known to have
shown no emotion in face or demeanor,
though he bad looked forward to the sur
render with a feeling like despair, and
exclaimed to one of his staff: "How
easily 1 could get rid of this and be at
restl I have only to ride along the
line and all will be over." He said, how
ever, about the same time, in reference
to the terms of the surrender: "The
question is whether it is right. If It is
not right I take the responsibility." Tbe
terms were that the army should surren
der and return to their homes the offi
cers retaining tbeir side-arms and the
men their private horses -there to "rc
main undisturbed," as I find from look
ing at my own "paroled prisoners a
pass."
While this was going on, and while
the small force of confederates in rear of
the court house bad not the least idea
that the whole affair was over, a pic
to rescue it might be called dramatic
incident indicated . everything. A
column of federal infantry, which had
passed thiough tbe court house, ad
vanced to tbe brow of tbe hill above,
waving in front of them the largest
white flag I have ever seen. Where it
was procured has always been a mystery
to me to this hour. It is barely possible
that a white flag of any sort was so un
expected and monstrous to us that its
size was exaggerated. With its appear
ance something like the hush of death
fell on everything. The men seemed un
able to believe their eyes, and started at
the ominous white signal, wsving to and
fro, with stupid wonder. They were in
position ready to fight, with cannon al
ready in battery, tbe guns muzzles
pointing and there was to be no more
fighting! Gen. Lee was goinS to sur
render. FEKUKO Or OFFICERS AND MEN.
I try to give a true idea of the scene
as I witnessed it and the feelings of tbe
Confederates. It certainly was at first a
feeling of otter astonishment, then of an
ger and misery The officers of the ar
my fell into a rage at tbe idea of tbe sur
render, and especially an unconditional
surrender, which was said to be Gen.
Grant's way on snch occasions. I was in
the midst of a gronp of ofBcera, and I
most say we had all very nearly lost onr
heads. One, with a violent oath, swore
that he would be consigned to a name
less place before he would surrender un
conditionally to General Grant or any
one. The alternative of forming a col
umn of mounted officers and cutting
pi rough the federal line was nearly
adopted, but given up. It was seen to
be hopeless 'eVen by these men whose
heads were nearly turned with anger.
The feeling of the men ia the ranks I do
not know. I can only speak ot one of
them, a ragged Infantryman, who came
op to me and mentioning bis command,
asked me if I could tell bim where he
eould find it
"Never mind," I said to him ; "there
is no use looking for it now. . The army
has surrendered."
I shall never torjret the expression of
his face or the tone of his voice when he
replied to me.
"burrendered !" he exclaimed, looking
at me with a sudden haggard expression
in ins eye.' "Gen. .Lee surrendered!
Mister, don't be ioUlug with a poor fel
low !"
lie burst out cry in as he said this.
and wandered away looking about him
as he did so as if he had lo-t something
and was searching for it. It certainly
was a time when there was a temptation
to "sued hot tears" or grind teeth to
gether. The surrender was so unexpect
ed that it came upon all but a few per
sons with the force of a sudden blow.
The men flocked around Gen. Lee when
he came liack from his interview with
Gen. Grant and met him with shouts
and tears. His reply was :
"We have, fought through the war to
gether. I have d:ne the best I could
for yon. Sly heart is too full to say
more."
LEE AND MEADE.
Afterward it is said that tbe troops on
both sides fraternized and interchanged
visits, laughing over"old times," and the
armies or the t'otomac and JNortbern
Virginia had bad a good many "old
times" with each other. 1 did not
chance to observe this. The only frater
nizing I noticed was that between uen
Lee and Gen. Meade Lee in bis brown
felt hat and gray riding cape, and Meade
in his small cap and blue unitorm riding
beside each other witb tbe gray and blue
staff officers, mingled harmoniously. A
few days afterward Appomattox Court
House, wbicn baa suddenly emcrgea
from obscurity, and became connected
with a great event of history, sank to sil
ence again, and was completely deserted.
1 he men of the southern army went
quietly home through the wasted fields,
not crying over what was irremediable,
or having the least intention of living
disorderly lives, becoming outlaws, or
keening ur a hopeless conllict Iheis
sue os secession had been tried by arms ;
arms had decided it, and the worsted
side ought to submit.
EDUCATING SARA.
Her First Lesson In American Politics,
From the New York Graphic.
"To-morrow, bars, we elect a prest
dent We call him the man of our choice,
but he isn't at all. The politicians
choose him. We, the people, only elect
him. LK you understand that, barar '
"Quite clear," said the gifted being.
"lhe immortal Washington,' 1 re.
marked.
Oh, skip hini."said Sara. "I've read
all about him. lie couldn't tell a lie.
and suffered a great deal iu consequence,
It must besoureadlulto be sell-deuarred
from the luxury, or rather necessity, of
lying at times,
tive oeople."
especially witn inqusi
I continued : "We have a great deal of
trouble in disposing oiour presidents at-
ter they serve their turns. Their proper
duty is then to die and lie immortalized
Sometimes they refuse. They hang
around outside the Tombs and the White
House when the nation is eager to give
them a splendid tuneral. Do you lath
om me, wayward genius?"
lou are almost transparent, sun
Sara. "Go on, aud let's go down Sixth
avenue. It s livelier than liroadway."
We've had the usual bad luck with
most of our principal candidates this
time, also. Garfield is proven a llnct
Hancock a superb idiot aud not much
a soldier, fc.nglisti -a hliylocK, l,race
Catholic bigot and piraLe, and Dovvd
man not to be trusted. Some of tlicc
men must rule us. it s loo late ti
choose others, aud if wc cmild 'twoul
make no clifiereiice. they'd turn u'.s
just as bad before election coints oil'
JSomtnating a man lor otlice invariably
ruins his character."
"Must your public meu necessarily
have a character? ' usKeU Jsara.
"Officially, yes; otherwise it's not es
sential. If a man has political chic
enough the community will shut thei
eyes to his escapades, and even allow
him to give council to Sunday schools."
"How clastic!" she erica.
"You mean the system ?"
"Oui, oui," cried the Great Gauless
"Yes, it stretches like India rubber.
It'll go round unybinly if he's only clever
enough to get round tuc people, liut
our politics educate also. A profession.
al politician once on the track is lit for
any office, no matter what are its duties
He can take churge of the custom-house
at a moment's notice, or the post office,
or assay omce, or a government I arm, or
anytbingelse, which ior other men would
require a life's study, if the pay is only
big enough. If the government should
create an official dramatic critic and
stage censor to-morrow, you could go
right down among a crewd of.ofiice-
holding officials, pick out a man at ran
dom, and he'd be fit for the position i
the pay was large enough. Wonderful
government, isn't it?"
"Wonderful!" saidara
"Now, if you were a politician, and
were appointed inspector of steamboat
boilers, you would find yourself a boile
expert to-morrow. Do you know any
tli-.ng about steamboat boilers now? '
asked.
"It is where they boil tho hot water
for tho ship, is it not? But your New
York City government," said she.
understand it is very complicated."
"It is. So much so that nobody
thoroughly understands it except Jolm
Kelly. He's the only man who can run
it."
"But it is the government of the peo
ple, is it not?"
. "Certainly, certainly. The govern
ment itself belongs to the people. They
own it But only lhe politicians
know how to play on it. What's the
good of owning a piano if you can't
bang it scientifically ?"
"I sec. But what must a mayor, for
instance, do to be elected ?" she nsked.
"Make promises."
"And what does he do after election "
"Break 'em. You sec. it's generally
make or breaks with him anyhow. If
he wants to make anything he must
break something."
"Miss Bernhardt, I hope you'll under
stand that the country is on the brink of
ruin."
"You don't say so?" said she; "I will
pack my trunks, throw up my engage
ments, and go back to Paris."
"Don't do it Don't be arlarmcd. The
country is on the brink of ruin regularly
every four years. It's got used to it
Both parties are trying to take away the
liberties of the people. Their papers
will tell you so. The laud is chock full
of traitors. The Itepulicans are trying
to erect a monarchy on the ruins of the
republic, and the Democrats want to
move the government south. The coun
try is on the brink of ruin."
'Vraiment?"
"Yes, in Vraiment ! whatever that is.
But don't be alarmed. It's the same old
brink we've been on every four years for
the last fifty. It's almost worn out now.
It's the common property of the politi
cians of all parties. They've beat and
banged it so that the country can't hold
on to it much longer. Wc must have a
new. brink for 1684. Our forefathers
fought and bled to establish that brink.
It's an outside part and . parcel of the
constitution."
"Dil your forefathers really bleed V
oskod Sara.
"Of course. Why, we're bleeding yet
to save the country. Bleeding from the
pocket Financial hemorrhage. Ask
office-holders, and even citizens, how
they bleed election time. Our forefath
ers bled seven years. Some of us have
bled forty-seven. But let's go in here
and have a stew and some pic. The
cool night north wind doth breed an ea
ger appetite. See those young men sit
ting at that table. They vote for the
first time next Tuesday. They know all
about It You can never know politics
as they do, Sara. You're a woman. These
young men have studied theconstitution
of the United States for years, and
they are deep in political economy.
They are students of history. They
know where past governments have fail
ed and why they have failed. Those
young men eating those stews, snd drink
ing those beers, and winking at those
girls, are fully alive to all the dangers
besetting a republican form of govern
ment Tbey won't allow themselves to
be influenced by demagogues. They'd
never idolize a hero or statesman, and
get bim on the brain so bad as to throw'
up their hats and indorse anything be
said or did. Yoa couldn't do that, Sara.
You're only a woman. Two stews, two
beers, ami one piece of pie, please. No
pie, Sara? You don't know what's good.
Andrew Jackson loved pie. He invent
ed rotation in office, and to tbe victors
belong the spoils. That's the axle our
government turns on."
John Thomas.
SIXTX MILES A MINUTE ON A TIN
PAN.
Arthur Filzpatrick, who returned from
Colorado a short time ago, gives the fol
lowing account of an occurrence in the
mining districts, of which he was an eye
witness: "A miner and some compan
ions were crossing tbe Continental Di
vide when it was covered with snow.
Three miles below, down a decline of
forty-five degrees, deeply covered with
irozen show, lay the spot they desired to
reach, wjiileto go round tbe trail was fif
teen miles. The miner took a tin pan,
used for washing gold, spread his blank
et over it, got in himself in a squatting
position on his haunches, tucked tbe
blankets around, held his rifle aqd other
traps oyer bis head, and got' one of his
companions to give him a push. He in
formed me be went down at the speed of
sixty miles a minute, and shot far out
into the valley at tbe foot of the moun
tain. When be stopped be found
the soldering of bis pan melted
from friction, his blanket on fire, and it
was his impression that, bad be gone
much farther, he would have burned up,
together with H his trap. Piltslwrg
Telegraph. - : ' -
SENATOR-ELECT MAH0NE.
tVlio Swms to Have the Power to
Lieciile the Politic of tbe
tjnlted States sennas.
From tbe Cincinnati Commercial.
Every newspaper reader has heard of
Mohone, of Virginia. He is the leader
of the Keadjusters and the biggest man
in the state. It is doubtful if there is
any one man in the Democratic party to
day who is the cause of more anxiety
than be.
While Mahoue is a big man in in
fluence he is a small man in stature,
smaller even than Alexander II. Steph
ens, aud weighs less then 100 pounds.
He has tbe frame of a woman, but the
will of a giant or. at least such as a
giant ought to have in proportion to bis
size, tn bis niovements be is quick and
nervous. He is about five feet three
inches high, baa a large finely-shaped
head, iron-gray hair and beard, grat
eyes, and beauy eyebrows, dresses piairl-
ly, and is about o'i years old.
Aiabone is a seii-maae man. lie was
born in Virginia, and for that reason ex
erts an influence that one occupying his
position, but born outside ot tbe state.
never could. His education was largely
obtained at the V irginia military insti
tute, a scholarship in which he won in
a competitive examination. He started
in the business or lire as a chain carrier
in a railaoad engineer corns. From
that humble position he gradually rose
to the presidency of a railroad company.
and at one time controlled a system oi
railroads irom xsortoik to tne Missis
sippi. He was a general in the con fed
erato army, and Gen. Robert . Lee is re
ported to haye said or him that "1 would
rather have him, his judgment, sagacity,
and executive ability, than any general
nave. II 1 should retire rrom the
command or lhe army 1 should recom
mend aianone lor my place." Manone
was tue autnor and executor or tne plan to
blow up urant s roruncations around
Petersburg, of which city he is now a
resiuenu
M ah one's prominence as a political
leader dates back nearly a decade. In
1809 the regular old school Democrats of
V irginia, in convention assembled, de
nounced the war amendments and the
reconstruction measures, and, it is said,
by every means in their power sought to
array the auti-union and conservative
elements of tho state against the national
government A large element in the
state rebelled at this action, saying that
it would prevent Virginia, rich in every
natural resource, from ever being as ful
ly developed, as there was every reason
to believe it might be, and declared that
they were decidedly opposed to au un-
progressive political torce.
t or the want ot a leader tins rebellious
element moved slowly. Ot necessity it
must be composed ol carpet baggers and
negroes, aud as the ruling class were
sure to be against it, it required
a man ot rare nerve to under-
lake to lead. The man for the posi
tion in the course ot time appeared. He
was William Alahonc, then president ot
the Virginia and Tennessee railroad
and he, with a few others, issued a call
for a convention of "the liberal-minded
men of the state," a phrase that was per
fectly understood by all those who were
likely to actively support or antagonize
Mahone. The convention nominated a
full slate ticket, with Gilbert C. Walker,
a northern man, tor governor. Among
-us oilier important actions, tbe conven
tion accepted lhe results of the war, the
consutution.il amendments, and the re
construction measures.
The new parly adopted the name of
"True and Liberal Republicans of Vir
ginia." Men of every grade of political
)iini in were invited to become adhe
rents, aud assist in the announced ef
fort to elevate Virginia above any other
southern state in its political liberality.
The negroes were especially solicited to
join, and were solemnly promised that
their educational interests should be
looked after, and that in all other re
spects they should be properly cared for.
The audacity of this action dumb
founded the regular Democrats, and af
ter ineffectual cflorts to stem the tide,
they withdrew their tlckcl.and apparently
united Willi Aiabone and bis party. Ma
hone is said to have been without politi
cal ambition, and after the election of
his candidates, and it appeared that his
plans would certainly be carried out in
the future, he returned to railroading,
and in so doing put the power again in
the hands of his former antagonists.
When they obtained complete control
they repudiated the promises Mahone
had made. They were especially severe
on the colored men, among other things
enacting a capitation tax law, the object
of which was to virtually disfranchise
the blacks. They also made war on Ma
hone and his leaders, and when the
panic came in 1873 they succeeded in
displacing bim in the railroad business.
Mahone, out of business, turned his
attention to the reorganization of his in
dependent party. Under his direction
the movement rapidly grew, until last
vear thev defeated the regulars bv a ma
jority of not less than 15,000 votes.
Tbey carried both branches of the legis
lature, and in due time elected llietr
leader, Mahone, to the United States
senate.
The nominal issue upon which the
battle a year ago was fought was the pay
ment oi tne state debt ine regulars
called themselves Funders or Debt-pay
ers ; tue independents adopted tbe name
ot lteadjusters: the Keadjusters are re
pudiationists. But it is claimed that the
Funders do not really believe in the pay.
ment or the debt x:j,uuu,(mju. nor at pres
ent all tbe interest Mahone and his
friends won bv boldly appealing to the
colored people for their votes, promising
that, it victorious, tbe capitation tax
should be abolished ; their right to vote
as they pleased, and have their vole
counted, should be protected, and that
they should share in the offices. The
Funders, it is said, had no, idea of
the strength of the Keadjusters until too
late to affect a reaction. In their wrath
at their defeat, they read Mahone out of
the party In May last, and endeavored to
make the position of bis followers most
unpleasant A correspondent of the
Boston Herald says that society, the
press, and even the pulpit, is against the
Mahone men; and to be a lieadjuster
was and is to be denied accommodation
at tlie bank, credit at the store, and al
most tho privilege or worshiping at ac
customed places.
The quarrel between the Funders and
Keadjusters, both professedly Democrat
ic, was so bitter that they would not
unite on an electoral ticket.
A CONFEDERATE FAIRT STORY.
The irreconcilable supporters of tbe
Lost Cause did not confine their efforts
for the perpetuation of the rebel senti
ment to the formation of historical soci
tics and highly colored school histories,
Wade Hampton's injunction that child-
rcn at tbe mother's knee should be
taught to cherish the hatred or tbe re
bellion was not needed. Before it was
given, tbe writer of a foolish little book
called "The ) Princess of the Moon,"
copy of wbicb has been sent us, attempt
ing to utilize even the rairy story tor
this abominable purpose, ibis would
bo ridiculous, if it were .not mon
strous.
The book was published at Warren-
ton, Va., in 1869. As a literary prod ac
tion it is insufferable twaddle. Its only
significance lies in the facts we have
stated, showing a spirit among southern
people which recent events unbappiiy
prove to exist still. The book is most
absurdly designated a "Confederate Fai.
ry Story," and it is as strange a mixture of
political bitterness and supernatural no
tion as was ever issued from the press.
It is dedicated "to the children of the
south, who-suffered during the war."
The introduction, which is addressed to
"dear little southern readers,"
dwells upon privation follow
ing the war, and urges -. them to
remember that when God wills that they
should "suffer through tbe wickedness
of others." they must not feel too much
"resentment against the instruments of
bis wrath." This pious sentiment is fol
lowed by an elaborate recital or the suf
fering of southern children, which they
have just been asked to forget How
well they remember during the "war
waged against us. that chilly night
when driven from your homes by brutal
soldiers the burning, the horrors which
ensued you, poor little wanderers from
Atlanta, and children -of burning Col
umbia. You, little son of tbe
brave papa, how bitter the
torture that bound thee hand and foot,
whilst thy sisters were insulted and thy
motner weeping; wy tears ol
indignation return, and thou feel'st in
thy heart a desire for revenge." Enough
oi tne introduction.
The story decribes the advantnres of
an ex-Con federate soldier, who ultimate
ly marries the Princess or the Moon.
The indignation of the King of that
planet, never before suspected of pro
slavery sentiment, is great on learning
from Randolph the Confederate, how his
countrymen had been finally overpower
ed by countless hordes of a meddling,
pedaling race called Yankee. The
King asks be told more
of that pour, stricken. land
and his eyes moistsn as Randolph
sings the pathetic song of the "Con
quered Banner." When the story ends
wim tne marriage, me gooa lairy, wuu
a touch of. her wand, changes tbe hero's
dress into a "magnificent Confederate
uniform-" The fegtivitiec are interrupt
ed by tbe arrival of a balloon floating
"banners of red and white stripes."
From these come persons carrying "carpet-bags"
and. "traps" of all descriptions.
They like the country, .which they
"guessed" would surpass, "the best gov.
ernment the world ever saw." But when
they see a handsome Confederate soldier
on the throne, they are abashed- The
appearance of one of his old slaves puts
them to flight -' They drop their carpet
bags "from which fall numerous yalu-
able articles spoons predominating."
The old slave had saved the Confeder
ates from his burning bouse, and this
precious foot-note is added for the little
children's benefit: "In Sclma. daring
the late war, an old man was burned to
death in h is own bouse, by Yankee sol
diers, no faithful darkey being near to
rescue bim rrom the flames." But the
good fairy intercepts the flying Yankees,
and denounces tbem as "demons of
cruelty," and asks the Confederate to fix
tbeir puni8bment. That noble vouth.
however, begs their release, "even
though these enemies have driven me
from my home, and deprived me of every
earthly- consolation." They are there
upon dismissed, by the tairy, with this
address: "You may well rejoice tbst
your captor, being a Confederate soldiar,
spurns to trample on fallen foes, even
uiougn tbey be the nillagers and Dlnn-
derersof bis own household. Repent
your ways while you have time. A res
pite oi pumsbmenl has been granted to
enable yon to return and warn your peo
ple against nemesis, wnose uplllled
hand is ready to strike tbe blow that will
carry destruction in its wake. Retribu
tion's swom. sharper than that of Mam-
is suspended over them. Go. avert tha
evil, before it is too late."
This stuff was addressed, not to full-
grown men and women, who could meas
ure its wisdom, but to little children on
whose virgin minds tha lightest word of
ten leaves a life-long imDressloo. and
with whom the most trifling act is a so
ber reality. It would he pleasant to
think that the spirit which animated it
had died away, but Wade Hamc-ton's ad
dress to the Southern Historical Society
four years afterward, the compilation of
Confederate school books continued to
the present day, and tbe action of the
Louisiana superintendent of education,
with respect to a certain textbook, taken
barely a month ago, show that there is
too little ground for such a hope. New
York Tribune.
"THE BOT MILLIONAIRE."
Only Twenty Tear ef Age a4 n
Rail-
rena rnaMsaL
When the excitement over the great
oil strikes in Clarion county a few years
ago waa at its neignc, a railroad was
built Irom tbe village of mlenton. on
the line of the Alleghany valley railroad.
to wianon, ine county seat r oxborgh
was a place that had been called into ex
istence four miles further down the Al
leghany river by tbe oil discoveries.
The land on which it was built and for
miles above it belonged to the estate of
a deceased iron manufacturer of Phila
delphia, named Fox. The great inter
ests of this estate were managed by Wil-.
Main L. Fox, son of Uie deceased manu
facturer. He was only 20 years of age.
That Foxburg had been ignored by the
proprietors of tbe Emlenton road anger
ed the young millionaire, ne at once
began the construction of a road from
his town to Clarion. The roads were
both of the three-foot gauge. Fox's
railroad was compelled to climb a hill
about 500 feet high to get a start out of
Foxburg. This was done by a series of
zigzags that carried the road over a dis
tance of several miles, yet it was only a
mile or two from Foxburg when the
summit was reached- Both roads were
finished. W. A. Fox was made presi
dent of the Foxburg road. The compe
tition between them was so sharp that
neither road made money. Finally tbe
stockholders of the Emlenton road suc
cumbed to the wealthy "boy president"
He secured stock enough in the rival
road to control it, and both roads passed
under his management He agreed to
keep the Emlenton branch open and run
special trains upon it between Emlenton
and Jefferson Station, where it joined the
other road for Clarion.
Lat winter President Fox died sud
denly. A favorite conductor of bis had
been shot and killed by a passenger
whom he had put off of a train because
he refused to pay fare. Mr. Fox took a
leading part in prosecuting tbe assassin.
It was in obtaining the pistol that tbe
murder was committed with, and in run
ning a quarter of a mile to get on a train
for Clarion, which was waiting for him.
that president Fox so exhausted himself
that be died in his seat in tbe car before
reaching St Petersburg.
AM ERIC AN APPLES ABROAD.
It Is a fact probably not generally
known that apples are rapidly becoming
one of the most Important American ar
ticles of export. Tbe following Interest
ing facts concerning this branch of
trade are culled from a New Ycrk ex
change: "la the past three weeks nearly 80,000
barrels of apples, principally Greenings,
JNewton pi pins and .Baldwins, nave been
shipped to Europe from this city alone.
ana not a steamer sans rrom this port to
cross the Atlantic that does not carry ap
ples. They are even shipped by sailing
vessels from Boston. Upwards of 10,000
barrels per day is New York's contribu
tion of apples to the old world. This
quantity is equivalent to 120 car loads
per day. For many years certain varie
ties of American apples have been held
in high esteem in England, and the
most popular of all of them is the New
ton pfpin. Only a few years ago they
were sold there for upward of f 28 per
barrel. A few years ago several of the
fruit dealers in West Washington mar
ket began shipping the full line of A
merlcan winter apples with fair success,
since which time the trade has increased
until it reached the astonishing propor
tions enumerated above. Newton pi-
Eins were selling at last quotations in
ondon at 9s to 13s per barrel, while
Baldwins were doing nearly as well.
Greenings, Periaoles, Spies and Kinga
sell for from 9s to 1 Is per barrel. Some
of the shippers will lose on their ven
ture, while none can hope for much pro
fit At the lowest price it gives shippers
5fl cents per barrel, and at the highest
quotations it leaves them $1.23 per bar
rel."
SPOTTED LIKE A LEOPARD,
rrom the Montezuma (Ga.) Weekly.
Montezuma has two living curiosities,
to wit: Yidie Hunter, a genuine Albino
about forty years old, and Henry Wiley,
a spotted man. Hunter is tbe son of
perfectly black parents. He has all tho
marks of a thoroughbred African, thick
lips, flat nose and feet and wooly hair.
He is perfectly white, white hair and
pink eyes. He sees better at night than
in tbe day time. He was a slave and be
longed to John A. Hunter. Wiley ia a.
bout fifty-five years old, and Is as spotted
as a leopard, black and white, ne waa
a slave and belonged to Lecoy Wiley.
AN ODD COMBINATION.
The year 1381 will be a matbemlcal
curiosity. From left to right and from
right to left it reads the same; 18 divided
by 3 gives 9 as a quotent; 81 divided by
9 gives nine i if dyided by 9, tbe quotient
contains a 9; if multiplied by 9, the
product contains two 9's: 1 and 8 are V;
8 and 1 are 9. If the 18 be placed under
tbe 81 and added, the sum is 99. If the
figures be added thus, 1, 8, 8, 1, it will
give 18. Heading from left to right it is
18, and reading from right to left it is
18, and 18 is two-ninths of 81. By add
ing, dividing and multiplying, 19 9" are
produced, being one 9 for each year re
quired to complete the century.
A church is to be tha first public
building erected by Mr. Thomas Hughes'
colony In Tennessee.
LEO AL NOTICES.
Tax Notice.
Hotlca la hereby given that tne tax rolls of
Lyon eonnty lor tae year 1880 ar now la tne
hands of tne eosnty treasurer, and taxes may
be paid at any time.
AMOVKT Or TAXES OX EACH 8100 VAiCA-
TIOB-, TOR THE TEAK 1880:
State, U eenta, eonnty, SO eento; eonnty
bonds. 40 eeau; total. (IM. Emporia city
sinking fund, SO eeata; street improvement
fond, 6 cents; general fond, M cents; interest
fond, $1 jM; water works, SO eenta ; total. tlJU.
ncaooi, niavaicTS:
o. Atrr.i
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