Newspaper Page Text
If congress puts s tariff on Norwegian
ice, it will perhaps be arranged oo the sliding scale. lb 1 Professor Bell, .of ttw telephone, think that sounds on lbs aun may be bean with the li t plmne. Nest. An iniiraaie I'rUnd ot Geueral Garfield proclaims that kc will not disturb subor dinate offlclaU to give somebody elk an oflktv. A. curiosity is a pig which was born with a trunk, and the Rockland Court r IS out surprised, fir Its editor he hai often seen one in a enr with a valise. The Democrats gain one United flutes senator hjr the Horry furgrry the sens tor to be elected from Nevada. Hut for that vllliny t!ie ll'-publicans would Btve carried the state. Sir. Blaine in the cabinet as secretary of state will relieve Ueu. Garfield of all futher embarrassment alxut New Eng land. He cad distribute the other six places owr the country. Bernhardt is extremely fond of Chicago, and by the unerring law of natural affin ity, G'bicagii la insuocly devoted to Bern hardt. Never was a mutual admiration society wore felicitously organized. An effort is being made to inlioduce tea from India into the United States. This country can afford to contemplate the attempt without apprehension, for Indian tea cannot liossibly bo worse than most of what comes from Chios. Ohio Is agniu rxci'.i-d about liquor telling, but in this crusade the prayers are being ruade to the It gUluture instead of heaven; not that the latter is rtistrast J, but lecause Ohio Is l'-arii'mif that heaven helps tlie who help llieuineves The Xtw York Time announces with a by-authority air that Senator Conkling will not support any tit the candidates for U. S. senator in New York, and ih-il they must flglit the battle out on their own hook. If tlit should prove true the context will bo us liwly as m D.-uny-brok fair. Dr. owiu, the pi-'rrj-Mve Clito-tgo divine, thinks tli t in time women will develop liito tin re!a. It would require almost as much of an ex-reUe of faith on the part of so wr men to grasp litis Idea, ai t educate themsvlvrs to lrlid in the U inutc completion of Wnsliini;. ton's uiouumnt. It is not too late yet for the Demo cracy to have a little picnic and illumin ate the vale of tears in which its liues have fallen, by a few firecrackers and Roman cundles. IMaisted has flu-tlly been granted a fee simple to that ''glor ious victory," anl b:vs boe.i declared governor of Maine. The expectation that the farmer's con vention at Topeka would tuko measures to overthrow the power of those engines ot oppression which are being erected upon the ruins of popular freedom has been cruelly blasted by the encourage. ment extended to such a grinding mon opoly as Sam Wood's Jaw. The Hallway Ago figures up the rail way construction of 18t!0 as aggregating 7.205 miles. Of this Dakota reports 090 miles, heading the list of states and territories. Kansas is put down for 344i; ndles, and Nebraska for 385 ml Us. Delaware figures in the list with one mile, California ami Maine with three miles each, aud Hbode Island with seven milts. . A State Farmer's All'mnre tvu ornn ixed at Topeka on the 1:1th. with W. S. Curry, of Shawnee county, us President M. I. Gill, of Lyon. Vice President ; I A. Mulhollund, of Sliaunee, Secretary and Geo. E. Hubbard, of Pawnee, Treas urer. Tho constitution and by-laws adop ted are the same as thosu recommended by the National Kurmer's Allincr,iri;in ir.ed at Chicago,' lust October. The people of Ohio are moving for the passage of a local option bill by the leg islature, and at a recent meeting held at Columbus in that behalf, the stage was strung with rows of petitions favoring the measure, and decorated with a large portrait ot Governor St. John, who is be coining somewhat prominent as an ra bodiment of the temperance idea, and is being largely lionized by the advocates ot prohibition at home and abrosd. Mr. Irwin Mahon, of Santa F, is do ing much good for his road and south ern Colorado by his spicy letters to east ern papers. In a recent letter to the Carlisle (Pa.) Ilernld, we find the follow log from his pen: "Railroad matters in this section of the country sro loom ing away up, with plenty for good, ener get'c, industrious, laboring men. Our company, the A. T. & S. F., Is push in ahead with lightning speed towards Old Mexico, und ere long will inake its con nection with ihe Southern Pacific, giv. ing us the most direct nr.d interesting Hue from the et to Calif. .ruin." Several weeks prior to tbe meeting the Farmer's A'liance, which is no i session at rook.i, it was xuggistei by the Atchison UloU', that th movement was be in' ngitatu.l rsth er lu the interests of politicians than for the amelioration of wrongs alleged to ba suffered by the granger element at the hands of "soul-lesi cor porations." We have no desire to im pugn the purposes of the gathering, but ws must say that the prominent figures out by Sam Wood and Elder Mitchell, In the reported proceedings, seem to verify tbe prophecy of our coteinporary. The Supreme Court of Missouri has caused a decided sensation in that State by deciding that decisions of the lower courts in some three thousand divorce cases were illegal and void. As most of the parties have remarried, they are In trouble and will appeal to the Legislature to relieve them. Unless it does, the dockets of Missonrl courts will be filled for countless years with suits for the settlement of estates that have passed oneway or another through these ille gal divorcements, and multitudes of children held illegitimate. Under the circumstances, it was a curious decision for a supreme court to deliver. Governor Foster is out in a card deny. ing the statement that be has made a bargain with General Garfield for a cabinet office, and the Ohio press reiter ates with the slightest Intimation of as perity, that the chief executive of the Buckeye state would not take an office if tendered him. The bargain business, a sensible public will be entirely free to admit, is an idiotic rumor that merits no credence, but if the new President elect takes sufficient stock in the latter report to risk a practical test of its verity, we feel safe in saying, iroin even our' limit ed knowledge of Ohio men, that Gover nor Foster would not be the loser by vir tue of the experiment. Senator Thacher bus struck the right key-note in his concurrent resolution in reference to the destitution in the west ern counties. He regards it the duty ot the senate to investigate . tbe reports which have been published regarding tbe Buffering alleged to exist on tbe frontier, and after determining the exact truth, take some measures to put a quie tus on the solicitation for Kansas aid in the east, the annual recurrence of which is doing more to stigmatize our common wealth than all the droughts and grasshoppers that have ever figured in the history of tbe state. We are sincere ly rejoiced to know that this question is ' being agitated in the legislature, and that measures are on foot to suppress the shameful custom of publishing our pov erty and exhlbltiag our sores in com munities .which are annually flooded with the glittering advertisements of , land companies, which portray Kansas . as a land flowing with milk and honey and teeming witn a prodigality of prod acta sufficient to feed ths world. ESTABLISHED IX NOT GOING TO THE BOY7- WOWS. Despite the lurid prophecy of Mother Slop too, and the chaotic horoscope which has been cast for the present year by Innumerable jaundiced sooth- savers, it is pleasing to have high as tronomioj assurance that the planets are not to make a simultaneous rush on the sun this year, as has been noised abroad, to the great consternation of timid people, and a decided downward tendency in corner lots ard other clauses of valuable real estate. Why a few celestial travelers who arc always on the go and never go indoor should not get close to the central heater once in a while and compare notes is something that no one has explained. It may seem very nice to some people to be out all night and have nothing to do but wink, but planets, like other material beings, get tired of things with too much same ness about them. Besides, even if the planets make a concerted "dead set" up- oa tli'tir grand centre, it is not possible for them to make that Uinitsry. any trouble, so the earth'hsa nothing to fear. Still further.thc only pluoeisthnt propose a closer arquaintacccstilp with the sun are our own ettrth, Meicury and Veil us. The earth, indeed, has already indulged in the utmost familiarity possible, having ovule her call ou New Year's Day, per haps nut of courtesy, but more like br cauu of the intense cold with which she was shivering at the time. A for Venus and Mercury, every one should be glad if tin so r. in find anything nnywhem to vert their attention temporarily from tile earth, uhire they are perpetually nuking minchief, their mere names be ing sugitexli ve of r love . aud -fool ry. Mara who vimu the sun in May. can also be misled, for his Dame w indtsolubly us:laleu null ngliltng. Altogether the planetary movements promise a peaceable and virtuous springtime, in stead of anything to tie afr-tid of. HERE ABD THERE. It has been reiuarketl that newspaper men have been fortunate in securing fat offices in the Kansas legislature. This is probably in pursuance- of the old adajpj that virtue brings its own re ward. - . . - . The announcement that Rhode Islaad has built seven miles of railroad daring the past year has suggested the proba bility that the people of the state find room for their garden the ties. patches between Kansas manufactures most of her own furniture. As there will be a great deal less of it broken after, the amendment gets on a full head of steam, the proba' bilitles are that she' will make some to sell to other states by another year. The Topeka Daily f Pantograph, de clares the publishers, is to be continued, and finally made a paying institution. Mother Shipton must be wrong-shipped. If Messrs. Hamilton & Curl are true prophets, the world is not to come to an end this year. The boisterous sileuce of the St. Louis clergy in relation to , Bernhardt, has giv- en rise to the suspicion that they have been subsidized with complimentary tick ets by the newspaper men, who desired a monopoly of the advertising patron age of th. French. iragedjionpeV man ager. v .' v ;.'.' j J Persons who have questioned the wis dom of the dls'-ensalion which gave rar nell. the great Irish agitator, to the world, arn probably not aware of the fact that it takes about 13,500,000 to pay the annual expenses of the 20,000 hounds which are said to lie owned in Great Britain. The Germans present flowers to de parting guenU. We are not so sure that our Teutonic friends can lay claim to a monopoly of that agreeable, csstom. It is snid that there are any number of To peka girls who always give two-lips to their best young men when they bid them good night at the front door. Th Kansas Hallway. Ens. Newi: - We clip the- following from a report of the proceedings of the Kansas City board of trade, as published in the Times of January 12:- r .--r At the cloi-e of the call board yester day moruiug the following resolutions regarding a new line of railway were passed by the members of the Kansas City board of trade: Whereas, The Kansas railway com pauy pro pot.es to build a line of railroad trout Kansas City by way of Baldwin l ily, Osage City and Council Grove, to Sal ui a, ICausns, and one liue from Otta wa or Baldwin City to Einporin, aud Wukkkas, The said Kansas City rail way company has inaUu a contract wilb Josi'phua C1 let t and asm-idtes of New Yoik, to take ihe local aid usually given by the counties along the line of the road, aud build the roa.i immediately; uud. Wukkkas, References given us by Mr. Col let l and his associates assure us that they are perfectly responsible to car ry out any contract they make, and will do so. therefore Jietolced. That we resrarai this as one f the best and most valuable lioes of railroad that could at this time be built a the vicinity of Kansas City, and that it has the most cordial sympathy of the people oi Kansas City. Jiftoivea, mat we regara me contract made with Mr. Collect and associates as an exceptionably favorable one, and one that will in our judgment, insure the immettiate construction ot tnu roacr, ii Ihe people along the line of the road will give it tueir co-operation ami aia. . s It will be seen by the above that the project is fairly under way and full of promise to the people along the line of the proposed road. . The Times of Tues day said of tbis . company that it is composed of a number of leading Kansas City men and a number along the line of the road in Kansas,' and "that the immediate, success and building of the road Is assured if it shall receive the co-operation of the people along the line." This road has the most substantial backing, and a very large in terest demands its immediate oonstmc- lion. Tbe propositions now before some of the Townships on the line between here and Ottawa, to vote aid . to the Kansas City & Emporia, road, it seems to us most objectionable. There can be no question in tne mind of any careful observer but that those propositions are in tbe interest of the A, T. & 8. P. railroad which is in terested first in ' delaying the construc tion of any road over this line as long as possible ; second that when delay is no longer possible that the road shall be owned by it The propositions sub mitted in Jackson township this county and in several townships in Osage coun ty most adroitly provide for these things. Tbe delay can be secured in the first place . for two years as the propositions .give this company that length of time to complete the work if it is unobstructed, and second. an indefinite lima thereafter by the con dition that there shall be added to the two years such additional time as the company shall be delayed by legal pro ceedings. Now, if the Santa Fe road whether the Kansas City & Emporia so-called road is in its interest or not. desires delay in its building, all it has to do is to ' procure injunction. proceedings to be commenced in some of. the courts, and the enterprise stops at once and remains in that condl tion at the will ot the 8anta Fe road Can the people along this line,' whose great want is the construction of a road to Kansas City, afford to run these chances.. Especially when a strong in dependent company stands ready to build the line immediately and whose interests is to build without delay t Osazmm. 1857. THE NEWS. The Financial Fracas. An Animated Dis ' cuision of the Funding Bill in the House. Extensive Preparations .Being Made at Washington for General Garfield's . V Inauguration. Matters ot Interest from the National Capital. Senator Hoar Presents 'a Bill for the Relief of Retiring Presidents. The Funding Bill the Popular Topic of Discussion at Washington. The Temperance Advocates in Ohio Mov ing in the Interest of Local Option, How the Small Fry Got Their Fingers Pinched in the Speculative Move ment in Telegraph Stock. Senatorial Siftings. Conkling Congratu lates Pratt, the Stalwart Senator- , Qect from New" York. Coozressloual Summary kWASHiKOTox, D. C, Jan. 12. SksTK A resolution suuuntteu by Mr. Logan extending the franking privilege to all olUcial business sent through tiio mails by members of uuugrts, and. iu all other respects to be, under liiuiatious of existing lawswas-tiiacussedf. At tUe expiration "of the' liiorYilfig hour ou motion of Mr. Withers the ariuy ap propriaiiou Xii.ll -a taken up.avudd.U cusseJ but no action was t.tueti ou the auieuduicul of the senate committee. IIocsk Ou motion of Mr. Buekuer the moriiiu hour v.-us dispensed with. Mr. F. VVooJ. of New York, moved that wheu Ihe house next Weill into com mittee ot the whole ou the tumiing bill debulvxu liie pending aiuenduieut hould be lluliled to uU inmutci. Agreed to, in to. 4. . ; ; Tlie house then weut Into committee of tue wUolu ou the luudrug biil. ' Mr Void said that for himself he saw nothing .inconsistent in the-establishment ot a 3 per cenj. rale of i:ite'ret for bouds uud lUe shortening of the opium iudjcatrd in the. bill, lie would go fur ther f he believed that with the removal of the tax on bank deposits and the es LtbiUhment of a rate of 3 per cent, tbe questiou (it option was absolutely imma terial, becaase the bonds and certificates would ou) b; likely to ri.se o any great premium, and would be at any time within reach ot the government at par or at a nominal "prenuum. Hebclir. cd that a 3 per cent, rate could be safely rs labllshedraod . was confident of 4 he speedy negotiation of every bond and certificate issued. Mr, Stevenson opposed, the bill on the ground thai It did no more or less than fix a pcrmaaeni jiatiouaJ.debt upon the country. Mr. Weaver protested against the re funding of the 5 and 0 per cents into any obligation that would take from tbe gov. eminent tbe rignt ot redemption Tor a single dav or hour. r sir. UeMilhu) argued in. favor of the amendment which he proposed to of- for making the bouds subject to taxa tion. Mr. Bunnell (member of the Commit tee of Ways and Means) said he had no doubt that a 3 per cent bond would find a ready sale, and he advocated that rate of interest. He would vote, however, for the reduction, of theJime from twen ty to ten years, Mr. Turner opposed the refunding theory, lie wasiu favor of plncius the income tax on capitalists and bondhold ers, ana lettiug tne revenue received from that tar go to the extinguishment of bonds. The time for debate having expired. the committee rose and it was extended one honr. The time for debate having expired the, question recurred on Mr. Wood's amendment,- fixing the rate of interest tipoa the bonds and certitictites-at 8 per cent - Mr. Newberry demanded a division oi the question, and the vote was first taken on fixing tue rate ou ootids ut 3 per cent agreed to, V6Z to vz. inc treat body or limocrats voted in mo amrniative and the majority of Republicans in the nog. ative. 1 nc second brnnon ot w ood's amendment, arranging rates ou notes at 3 per cent, was also agreed to without division. Mr. Sanford offered an amendment providing that, before any of the bonds or notes authorized by this act are issued it shall be tbe duty or the secretary ol the treasury to pay on bonds accruing during the year 1881 nil silver dollars of 4 12 Li grains, and all gold " over and above $')U,OUo,ow nn-v held in the trcas ury for redemption purposes. Mr. Bland argued in favor of the amendment : which he projosed to offer, authorizing the secretary of.lhe treasury to coiu the maximum amount of silver dollars iu redemption of the maturing debt. Mr. Sanford's amendment was adopt ed yeas 83, nays 25, the Republicans refusing to vote, desiring to so load down the bill that a substitute offered by thcai would ne adopted. Mr. McMilien offered an amendment milking the bonds herein authorized snb- ect to taxation At first the R.'publi cans showed a disposition to retrain from vot ins: and some few even voted in favor of the amendment in order to . at lach it to the bill, but finally they in i body voted against it, and it was defeat ed veas 57 nays 09. Air. Kandaii onrrea an amendment inukinK the substantial part of the sec- lion read as follows: "The secretary of the treasury is hereby authorized to is sue bonds in an amount not exceeding $850,000,000, Which shall bear interest at the rate or 3 per centner annum, re- deemable at the pleasure of the United States after -years. The bonds shall be etc." Mr. Randall stated that his intention was to make the bond a loan exclusive ly. He would at tbe proper time move to fill a p the blank in the amendment by tbe insertion of the word "two." so as to make the bonds redeemable In two years. He would offer an amendment providing that the interest on tne o per cent, bonds shall cease at tbe expiration r thirty days after notice that tbe same nave been designated tor redemption Mr. Calkins wished to amend Mr. Kan d all's amendment by fixing the rate ef interest at per cent, but the chair ruled it was not In order. . .Mr. F. Wood moved that the commit tee rise in order to enable members to carefully examine Mr. Randall's amend ment, which motion was agreed to and the House adjourned. Washinoton, U. V. Jan. 14. dexate Senator Hoar presented with a peti tion in its favor, a bill to provide for tbe relief of retiring presidents of the United States. . . t . Senator Johnson, from the committee on agriculture, reported the ui tic-rent bills before the committee on the sub ject of pluro-poeumonia among the cat tle, and said that quite a number ot these bills had been referred to tbe com- mittcc, but their provisions were so varied and the subject itself so large and dimcult, that it had been determined to report tliem back without any recom mendation, and letting them co on the calendar to be called up at any time. Ihe senate passed the district tramp Dill, and proceeded with the calendar under the Anthony rule. Consideration of tbe array appropria tion bin was resumed. A long discussion ensued, after which the bill was reported to the senate and passed. r On motion of Senator Windom the senate took np the military academy ap propriation bill. Senator Windom stated that the total or the bill was 323,185, which was (73,309 less than the esti males. It exceeded tbe appropriation lor itstsu by fd.VUl. The bill was reported from the com- mitlee of the whole without amendment. and passed, i After executive session, the senate ad lourned until Monday. - Hocsb. To day being private bill day under the rules, which cannot be set aside except by a two-thirds vote, the House went "into Committee of tbe Whole on the private calendar. No at tempt was made to proceed with . the consideration of the funding bill. Some discussion arose in leference to the bill for the reliel of Wm. Redus tor cattle taken from him by the Osage In dians. The opponents of the bill, while not disputing its Justice, contended that would be daoirerous for Con cress enter upon a system of paying such claims, asserting mat mere were simi lar claim pending : to the amount of four millions of dollars. Tbe present bill they admitted provided that the appropriation should he made from the Osage Indian trust funds, but many Indians had no trust funds, and the government would have to be responsi ble in such cases. - Mr. Springer thought the present bill showed the necessity or craatug court for hearing ali private cUims. To have congrecs pass upon them was bad for the government and bad for the indi vidual. The bill was finally laid aside for fav--!e report to the bouse. T'm committee rose and reported a u -i private bills to the bouse, but up on the first bill acted upon bo quorum was quoted. Adjourned. The Kansas Legislature Summary ot Pro reeding. Topeka, Jan. 13. Sesatb The sen atorial forty was completed, aud oath of the residue being administered by Judge 15. W. Perkins. Customary notice transmitted to and from the house announcing organiza tion uud readiness for work. Also, a concurrent resolution creating a joint committee to wait upon the Govtrnor with like information. The 37th senatorial district, in the j person of its representative, Senator Strang, knocked at the door of the sen ate, asking for the admission of two sen ators at large from that territory. The Scuator's resolution was tabled. i Ordered that the hours of meeting shail be 10 o'clock a. in., and 2 o'clock p. m. Four new standing committees of the senate were created, viz: Temperance, Icltiss of the- first class, legislative, and congressional apportionment. Also, some of the standing committees were ncreased in the number of their mem- bera. Concurrent resolution No. 2 proposes to provide for a joint committee of the :nfet western members on the subject or reported destitution. House: Ihe bouse perfected its or ganization and adjourned until this uioruintr. It is probable that tbe mes. saire will be presented to-day. lul'KKA. Jan. 13. Senator Thatcher stated as ihe object of his concurrent reso lution concerning the sutlenng said to revail, to put a slop to irresponsible and unauthorized tramps who are beg- ing tor their own benefit in the east in le name of Kansas sufferers, and to provide within the State for the needs of its citizens. Five bills were introduced, No. S be ing to create a Sixteenth. Judicial Dis trict. Hon. E. II. Funston was elected presi dent, pro tern. tiov. bt. John asked the legislature to go into joint session, but there being ob- eciions tne message was reau by the lerks of either house. The legislature voted each member a copy of Dassler's Compiled Laws of Kan sas. Adjourned until Mondsy afternoon to give time for settling the legislature in its new quarters. llocsa Mr. Seaton introduced a reso lution to have a committee appointed to inspect the new hall of representatives and report when it would be ready for use, wuicn was adopted, me contest papers in tbe case of Peffer vs. Rood, of Montgomery county, were presented and referred to a commit tee. A . resolution to provide for joint session of the senate and house, for the purpose of hearing the governor's message read by him self, excited considerable discussion, and the subject was at length indefinitely postponed, and the message was read by tbe clerk. A resolution expressing the wish of the house to occupy the new hall on Mouday at 3 o'clock, was adopted. When the messaire had been read, the rules of the house were taken up and considered and adopted. loPKKA, Jan. 15. 1 here was no ses sion of the senate yesterday. lloi'SK i he senate concurrent resolu tion relative to furnishing the legisla ture and clerks with a copy of Dassler's compiled laws of Kansas, was amended to include the session laws of 1879 and was adopted. Mr. Munsell offered a con current resolution in regard to congress passing laws regulating railroads. Twcn- ty-eight bills were introduced, among them one to create the sixteeth judicial district, ilr. Ady ollered a bill to regu late and restrict the manufacture, sale and use of intoxicating liquor for medi cal, scientific and mechanical purposes. and prohibit the same for all other pur poses. 1 be message was ordered print ed in the ingiish, Swedish and German languages. A . resolution in relation to contagious diseases among cattle on the Atlantic seaboard, and asking congress to take steps to prevent the spread of such diseases, waa adopted. 1 he mes sage was apportioned to tbe various ap propriate committees. Ihe bouse ad journed to meet on Monday at 3 p. ui. Tim Ohio Temperance Movement. . CoiXMBCS, Jan. 13. The State Local Option Convention to-day adopted lengthy resolutions declaring the lime has come for a more perfect union among all temperance men; that every com munity possesses the right to protect it self against the evils of the liquor traffic by such action within tbe limits ot the constitutional law as the majority of its qualified citizens shall determine upon ; tnat this convention asks with great earnestness that the present legislature shall pass the local option anti-liquor law; that. Inasmuch as woman is tbe greutest suffererlfrom the liquor traffic, she should be permitted her wish on this vital question, and that she can make such expression without any as sumption of the right or expediency of lemaiu suurage in regard to general po litical questions, and without any vio lation of the constitution; that should tbis general assembly fail to enact a local option law. pro found I v regretting this failure, we wi'l in the future use our voices and vote in support of only such caudidates as by their established character and strong temperance principles give entire satis faction that they will be unswervingly loyal to such temperance legislation as is suggested above, the last resolution calls upon all peop 11 favoring temper ance to unite to secure the local option law. At the afternoon session $2,200 was subscribed to enable the State Anti-Li quor Association to carry on the temper ance work in unto, and in addition larue ceneral collection was taken up, A resolution asking the Anti-Liquor Al liance to take steps to lay before the peo ple a constitutional amendment which shall prohibit the manufacture and sale of iutoxicating liquors, was adopted. A special committee,appointed tor me pur. pose, visited the Legislature, where a re cess of ten minutes was taken to receive the committee and allow their Chairman to explain the desires of the Convention regarding local option. A resolution was adopted commending an temper ance organizations to the good wishes of the people or unto. A Xonstroas Monopoly. New York, Jan. 13. The terms of the consolidation between the Western Union and American Union telegraph companies have been agreed upon, and the preliminary papers signed. The evening r ost says ot me consoii- dation of the Union telegraph compa nies: "Rumor has it that the new stock going into the Western Union stock is going into a new company at par. ine American at par, and the Atlantic and Pacific at fifty cents each in proper pro portions, and that a plan will then be made to turn over the company to the government. The Graphic says that it is under stood that the combination was effect ed on a basis of 180,000,000 capital for the new company, of which the West ern union is to have $58,000,000, the American Union $15,0u0,000 and the Atlantic and Pacific $7,000,600. The present capital of the Western Union is about X4i,uuu,uuo or American Union $15,000,000 and of the Atlantic and Pacific $14,000,000. Thus it will be seen that the Western union gets scrip divided of 40 per cent. The American Union goes in at par and the Atlantic and Pacific is put in at 50 cents. It is undeniable that this movement has been engineered throughout by Jay Gould, who, to-day holds fastly prepon derating control or me entire telegraph system of the country. It is a movement ia which he has check mated his opponents completely, and it is estimated mat bis pronu win run up into the millions. The present move ment in telegraph stock was begun the latter part of November, by Vsnderbilt, who ran stock up from about par to 104'. to enable him to unload, which he did all the way down to 70, as he saw preparations of a rival line were made for a severe and protracted competition From 80 tbe stock was carried down some 13 points by Uould'a short sa.es. There is little doubt that Gould and Vsnderbilt have been acting in concert in the buying movement, although it is believed that Gould is by far the largest buyer, as he appears to have dictated the settlement oi to-aay . Legislative Log Carsoh Cttt, Nev., Jan 1J. Both bouses took a vote lor united States sen a tor to-day. with the roilowintr rmtnlt Senate Wren 14, Fair 10, Dagget 1 ; as semblv Fair 47. Wren 7. Daeeett 0. CoLCXBca. O., Jan. 11. The Republi cans of both houses of the legislature iu caucus to-night nominated John Sher EMPOHIA, KANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY man for United States senator- by actio-1 mation. AttflfeTA, jie.. wall, ii. tue ciimiuu- . . if. . --i . . i tec on guberoational votes this afternooa made a report that Henry 11. rlaistcd, having received a plurality of the votes, is elected governor of the stale. The re port will be presented to the senate to morrow, together with a minority re port. Indianapolis. Jan. 1 1. The Republi can caucus tn-night unanimously nomin ated Gen. Benjamin Harrison for U nited States senator. Tkenton, N. J Jan. 11. The legis lature orgauizrd to-day. and ihe gover- r message was read, it refers al most wholly to matters of local interest. Hartkokd, Uonn., Jan. 13. ihe ite- publican legislative caucus to-night nominated Geu. Hawley United States senator by acclamation. Yaxkton, D. T-, Jan. 11. Tbe Dako ta legislature convened to-day and or ganized by electing J. II. Walsh presi- dent of the council and Dr. J. A. Har- ring speaker of the house. Gov. Davis' message will be delivered to-morrow. Senatorial Sittfnss. . . . AlJJASY, N. Jan. 13. The Repub- ican joint caucus of the legislature to day nominated Thomas C. Piatt lor United btates senator. - , New iosk, Jan. 14. Senator Conk ing to senator Piatt: I congratulate the Republican parly and the state of New l ork on the choice of a senator who never apologized for being a stal wart Repulican. AoousTA, Me.,- Jan. 13. I be Fusion caucus today nominated Joseph u. Smith for U.S. senator. The election is ordered for next Tuesday. Hartford, Uonn., Jan. 13. The legislature adjourned till Tuesday next, when the election of a United States senator takes place. The Democrats have named Senator Eaton for rc-elec- ion. HAMRiSBtnto, JaD. 13. II. W. Oliver was nominated for U. S. senator by the Republican caucus to-nitrl.t, but there seems to be some doubt about bis elec tion in joint session. - dt. rAUL, Jan. 13. Senator McMiI- ian was nominated for re-election to the United Suites senate by the Republican caucus. A Tisit to Garfield Cleveland, Ohio. Jan. 11. A del egation of prominent colored men from Alabama waited upon lien. Uurneld this evening at the residence of William Ed wards. . u. vv. urodel.ol lalleuoga, and L. P. M. Watkins, of Court land, address ed Gen. Garfield, setting forth the con. dition of the colored people in the south. their lack ot education, etc., and asking that the coming administration do what it can to aid the education of tbe blacks. Gen Garfield responded that the edu cation of their children was the foremost duty ot all the American people, and as suring them that what could lie done would not fail to be done. He urged them to avoid raising the color line and not separate themselves as a class from the mass of citizens. To-night a ban quet was given at the residence of Wil lam r.dwards in honor of Gen. Garfield. Among those present were Gov. Foster and Hon. U. B. Payne. The Judicial Association. Topeka, Jan. 13. The judicial associ ation again convened yesterday at 10 o'clock, at which time the business of the meeting was disposed ot. Chief justice Horton was elected pres ident for the ensuing year. Judge Tal bot was re-elected secretary. The board of directors consists of judges Peters, i'erkins and ijowe. Some discussion was hud as to the propriety of enlarging the objects of the association, looking to tbe organization of a state bar association. The matter was finally referred to the board of di rectors for consideration, with instruc tions to report at the next meeting. . This has proved to be one ot the most interesting meetings yet held, and the judges express the wish that all the mem bers of the association who can do so report at the next annual meeting. The time ot meeting is the second Tuesday of January in each year. . " The Farmer's'Aniahce. Topeka. Jan. 12. Between two and three hundred delegates were present at the farmers' convention to-day. An or ganization was affected late iu the day by the election of T. H. , Cavanaugh, chairman, and J. L. McDowell, secre tary, and the only real business done was the passage of a resolution requesting the legislature to create the office of three railroad commissioners, who shall be appointed by the governor and con firmed by the senate. They shall have power to investigate the cost of the rail roads of Kansas and their present worth. and report as to the differences in freight and passenger rates to the governor and suggest necessary legislation. The res olution does not intend that they shall be c'othed . with any power to reduce freights and fares. A Sensible Recommendation. Washington. D. C. Jan. 12. The sec retary of war transmitted a communica tion to the senate to-day, calling atten tion to the fact that the Atchison, Tope ka and Santa Fe, Southern New Mexico railroad and Atlantic and Pacific rail road are constructing their roads through Fort Bliss. Texas, and Fort AVinsratc. New Mexico, reservations, without hav ing received from the secretary of war permission to do so. The secretary says that in view of the important character or these roads iu connection with the United States army and its supplies in me luture, and the great -economy in transportation which would result there. from, it is urged that tbe desired right of way over the reservations in question be granted during the present session of congress. , Preparing fur the Inangnral. Washington, D. C Jan. 13. The executive comittee in charge of the unof official ceremonies and parade incident to the inauguration, extended a cordial in vitation to all civil and other associa tions throughout the Union, to be pres ent and participate in said parade. This invitation is extended to cities in all parts of the Union, regardless of politi cal affiliations. Acceptances should be made with the least possible dtJay, giv ing the number of persons coining etc., to II. C. Corbin. assistant adjutant-general U. S. A., corresponding secretary. Out Too Soon. New York, Jan. 14. Rev. Mr.. Ed ward Cowlev. manager of the sheD herd's fold, convicted of cruelty to his wards, Has been released from peniten tiary, his term of imprisonment having expired. The fine of $250 was paid by persons who thought that one year's im prisonment waa sufficient punishment. Sara Bernhardt in Chicas-o. Caicago, Jan. 11. Sara Bernhardt ap peared before a large audience at Mc Vicker's theater last evening, in Adricnne Lecouvre. She was warmly received and in the last act, where she achieved her greatest artistic success, was twice called before the curtain. Sworn In. . - i AcarsTA. Me.. Jan. 13. Harris M. Plaisted took the oath of office to-day as Governor, and delivered his message. A Good Selection. New York. Jan. 13. Gen. Grantwas elected president of the world's fair ex position and accepts tbe position. Itemised Intelligence Mrs. Dr. Carter, sister of CoL Bob In gersoll, is dead. High prices for poor accommodations are said lo rule in Topeka. Thos. Bayard will be returned to the U. S. senate from Delaware. James G. Fair has been elected United Stales senator from Nevada. Cotton and rice have been greatly damaged in the south by the protracted wet weather. President Hayes has nominated Alex- ander M. Bnrson, of Iowa, to be United Stales attorney for Idaho. The Indiana legislature has passed a bill appropriating $125,000 for the ex penses of the present session. The total expenditures for all purpos es, to date, oa the west wing of the capi tal at Topeka, amounts to $179,782.06. In the Pennsylvania legislature .thirty eight names were put in nomination for the office of U. S. senator, on the 13th. Hunter Bros., clothiers and merchant tailors at Junction City, have made an assignment. Liabilities, $0,800; assets, $4,000. The Democrats of the Ohio legisla ture complimented Senator Thurmaa by nominating him for U. S. senator in their caucus. - A movement is on foot in New York to raise money for the erection of a mon ument in Central Park, to the memory of Edgar Allen Poe. - . Governor and Mrs. Cornel - are ar ranging to give a reception to Gen. and Mrs. Grant when they Tisit Albany on the 17lh inst. Gen. Grant will also be received by the legislature. The annual exhibition of the western poultry club met at St. Louis on tbe 12th, with 1000 coops of the finest breeds known, besides innumerable lap days aud other fur-ijju-ariug pet animals The Maine housa of reoresentativef . . . - without debate, ace'rpted the report of the majority committee on the Guliernn lorial votes, declaring Pluisted elected governor. Tbe president and speaker were requested to notify Gov. Plaisted of the result. " Tbe house committee on agriculture. Sat Washington, has unanimously agreed to ukk. a suspension ot the rules to take from the calendar and put upon its pass age tue bill to make the agricultural de partment on independent department, uud its head a cabinet officer. It is stated that there is a movement un Toot iu California looking to the ap pointment of Major General McDowell, now commanding tbe military division of the Pacific, ns secretary of war. The prime movers are prominent civilians. who are acting without the knowledge of Gen. McDowell. -A coneni rent resolution has been In- troduced in the Missouri legislature in structing the senators aud requesting the representatives to congress lo secure the establishment of a territorial govern ment in the Indian territory, and to open the public domain in said territory, to ret'-lemem under tbe homestead and pre emption laws. 5. man inTi'.usville. Pennsylvania.-43 years of age. is about to see his father, a weulthly tesidc-nt of Youngstown, Ohio, lor tne nrsttime. rorty-nve years ago, the mother set ont for a visit to her brother, who resides in Curlsrille. Clar ion county, Pennsylvania. While there a son was born, her visit was prolonged a number ot weeks. The uncle was childless. He took a fancy to the infant aud wished to adopt it. After much so licitation on his part the mother consent ed, and the father never saw the child. who grew up, went west, served In the army during during the war, and has only lately returned to his native state. Gen. Grant's article in The North American Review, on the subject of a canal across the isthmus, that connects North and South America is out. It treats first upon the- benefit of such a caual; theu spenks of the difficulties which surround the Panama scheme. and the enormous cost not less than $400,000,000 while the Nicaraugan ca nal will not be over $100,000,000, and has many other advantages which he mentions. It closes with plac ing strong stress upon what is known as the "Monroe doctrine," and the necessity of enforcing it, com mending an American canal on Ameri can soil by American people. The arti cle is carefully written and has evidently oeen tne surjct oi much thought and is well worth perusal. A OEM FOB EYE8Y MONTH. From Boston Transcript. Jncaky. By her who iu IhU month ik liorn So gem eave Garnets should be worn; They will insure her constancy. l rue irieuisnip uaa uueiny. PEBB17ART, T! e tVbruftrr-born will find Sincerity uud peace of m ml, Freedom from passion ami Irora care. If they the Aineytkist will wear. MAKCQ Who on this worlil of ours tbe eyes Id March first open shall be wise; In ilas of peril firm and brave. And war a bloodstone to their crave. APRIL. She whOfrom April dales her years DiauionBs should wear, lest bitter tears For vala repentance flow; this stone llnblent of innocence is known. MAT. Who first behulds the light or day In Sp'riiix's sneet flowery month of May. And wears an Emerald al, hcrlile, Shall be a loved and bappy wile. JUKI Who conies with Summer to this earth. And owes to ,1 une her day ol' birtb. With rinir ot Agate on her hand. Can health, wealth, andloug life command. JOLT. The glowine Buby should adorn Tuo.e who iu warm July are born ; Then will they be exempt and free i iom love's doubts and anxiety. AcersT. Wear a Sardonyx, or ibr thee NKCoBji'galfoliuily; . ... . v - Tbe August born, without this stone, 'Tis sld, must liu unloved and lone. SEPTEMBER. A maiden born whila Autumn leaves Are rufttlinir in September's breeze, A Sapphire on nor brow should bind 'Xwill cuio a disease of the mind. OCTOBER October's child is born ior woe. And life's vicissitudes must kuow; Hut lay an Opal on her brea-t. And hoe will loll those woras to re;t. NOVEMBER. Who first comes to this worl 1 b?low With drear November's fog and snow. Should piize ihe Topaz' amber hue Liubltnu, of Iricnds and lovers true. DtCEMBKE. If cold I)eccinler gave you birth Tl. iuo lb ol 8 no and ico and mirth Place on your band a f urqoise blue; success will bless wbnie'ri you do. THE ARID BELT. Remarks In Regard to then. Stock Raising What Effect Immigration Is Having on sues Kaisers. New York Sua. Iu the region bordering on the 09th aud 100th meridians, the lands of the semi-arid belt merge into those of the str'clly pustoral region of dry plains of high altitude. Men who occupy lands iu this region under the provisions ol the homestead laws have for several years tried hard to raise sufficient grain to feed themselves aud their families. With the single exception of the bounti ful crop produced in tbe phenomenally wet year oi lo.a, their efforts have pro duced half crops and quarter crops to harvest, or no crops at all. .Every year they sow seed which has been obtained by mortgaging their lands and personal property. 1 ear alter year, it there is sufficient moisture in the ground, the seed sprouts and then the tender plants are partly or wholly blasted by the hot southwest winds. As the immense immigration took up all public lands Dt tor agriculture and approached the eastern edge of the Arid Belt, the land grant railroads circulated false and deceptive pamphlets designed to create tbe impression that a change had taken place in the climate of the western plaius. It is true that the exces sive rains that fell ou the plains during the tall, winter and spring ot 1877 and 1878 supplied sufficient moisture to ma ture f good wheat crop. Kansas still boasts of that crop. To the rain that fell of this wet season the agents of the land grant railroads have ceaselessly called the attention of would-be emmitrrants. By the distribution of their misleading pamphlets, ana by an adroit use ot the newspapers controlled by one of the owners of the railroads, euii grants have been induced to en ter the Arid Belt by tens of thousands. As these men, seeking for homes, en tered the grazing region, the herds of cattle they encountered were driven westward before them. The pioneers in the great industry of cattle growing, in I which millions ot dollars are invested, and which furnishes employment to thousands of men, were forced to aband on the range, or else close herd their cattle on what were probably the best summer grazing grounds in the west. ive generally accepted statements, pubfished in newspapers and magazines, of the enormous profits of cattle and sheep growing on the western plains, are almost all grossly exaggerated. It is true that money invested i a the business. when ably managid, may earn large re turns. It is also true that the blunders of mismanagement, and the accidents of the frequent and severe winter storms, often consume the capital invested. During 1S79, the reports of the inspec tors show that 73,lo4 cattle were shipped irom Colorado to Kansas city and Urn ha. About 8,000 more were shipped to stock, feeders in Kansas and Nebraska, but were unloaded west of the points of inspection; lo.OOU bead were driven out of tbe state, and 23,5 .6 were slaughtered Ibr home consumption a total of 120,. 730. Of this number 105,730 were steers fit for market or for feeding in the corn belt. and worth $24 per head; 16,000 were stock cattle valued at $16 per head, The total amount paid to the cattle growers or Colorado for stock sent out Of tho state was $2,769,760. The long continued drought of 1830 greatly interfered with the business, as it was impossible for all the cattle that were feeding on tbe barren range to grow into condition fit for market. Tbe marketing has been retarded to such an extent that a correct report of this year's business cannot be given. It is probable, how ever, that tbe exports are almost if not quite, equal to those of 1879. Each suc ceeding crop of calves is larger than the preceeding one, on account ot tne prac ticed policy oi catue growers not to sell the female increase of their herds. It follows, therefore, that tbe steers sent away ought to annually increase in num ber, if the number marketed is not in excess of that year's business, it is be cause tbe drought has made it necessary to hold tne cauie over, i ney win ar rive at the stock yards of Kansaf City and Omaha next year. The stock growers of Colorado and 21, 1881. Nebraska loudly cull on congress to en act a law maaing tbe iuuiu meridian tae western limit of the lands subject to the homestead and entry laws. They claim. ano witu apparent reason, that experi ence in the Arid Bidt has concluiivclr proved that the land west of that liue is utterly unfit for agricultural purposes. They assert that the men tilling tbe desert lands have failed to harvest suf ficient corps to support themselves, and that they speedily become, in part or wtiony, a ciiarse on public charm. It adequate measures are not adopted to counteract the incorrect impression re garding the climate ot the plains that has been created by the land-grant railroad they hold that the western portions f Kansas and Nebraska will become pau per colonies. They also assert that many homesteaders break land on the csttle rsnge, planting corn with the avowed in tention of permittinr the cattle lo de vour the growingplanls, ud then claim ing excessive damages from the owners of the stock tor the destruction of the crop that in all probability would have failed to ripen. If the only result r.f the lmmiieratiou that is pushing into the Arid Belt is to annoy and distress the cattle growing in dustry and to ruin the immigrants, the movement enouid be checKed by! a prmpt compliance wifinlie requests of tbe stock raisers. 'HEATING BY FRICTION. The Novel and Useful Invention of m Boston Scientist Boston Herald A Boston centleman has invented a simple devise, which, if its present promises are realized, ought to work a revolution in the methods of heating. It is nothing less than an invention to use friction as a practical means of produc ing heat. At the time of the Ashtabula horror, when so many persons were burned to death by the wrecked cars catching fire from the stoves, Mr. Web ster Wells, then professor of mathemat ics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, began to consider tbe prob lem of heating cars without tire. lie has now solved it. His invention consists of strong iron cylinder, at one eud of whicb.inside, is a fixed plate of hardened iron, against which, firmly attached to a revolving shaft, another plate presses. either closely or lightly, as required. The cylinder is tilled with water, and this, heated by friction of the two plates. circulates through pipes, warming the room through which they run just as steam pipes do. The water is kept in constant circulation in these pipes, re turning to the cylinder, to be heated over again, lue water in the cylinder, which is brought to a hitrh decree of heat in a remarkably short time, keeps the plates lubricated, preventing their wearing away at a ripid rate. V ben worn away, the cost of renewing them is trifline, and the machine has no complicated work about it, 8.) that it is easily kept in repair. The pow er required to run the machine is so slight that the waste or surplus power of tbe engines in use for running eleva tors and other machinery in hundreds of buildings throughout a city is enough for all ordinary purposes. The machine can be utilized in any place where pow er is used. The ordinary sized machine has thirty-six square inches of friction surface in its plates, sufficient, it is said, to heat 10,000 cubic feet of space. This requires but half a horse power. A ma chine with 225 square inches ot friction requires but four horse power, and would heat a room 00x200 feet, or containing 129,000cubic feet. In railroad cars the ma chine is operated by power taken direct Irom the wheels, doing away with ail danger from fire in case of a smash-up. When the cars are standing still tbe ma chine can be operated by power from the locomotive, by a contrivance some what like that which operates the West inghouse brake. In mills it is calcu lated that a great saving can be made, both in fuel and in tbe rates of insur ance, especially iu those run by water power. The agent of a mill where wa ter power is used estimates that in twentv yews, by the use of this device, iKSRrt.-.ir of At ImiO 1S5 tlfl in fool nlona could beelTected. Prof. Wells is now in Europe, looking out for his patents there. The machine bos now been in operation in Boston tor seven months. EARLY COLD SNAPS. We are not likely lo have cold enough weather, this winter, to surpise a couple of old citizens of Brooklyn, if the follow ing, trom the .Brooklyn .agle, may be believed : "We're havin' some pretty wintrish weather," said old Daddy Wotbcrspoon to Uncle Sammy Honniwell, as the two gentlemen met near the city hall, yes terday: "right for'ard weather for the season." "Jist so, jist so," conceded Uncle Sam my. "lteminds me ot the fall of 1803 It commenced 'lonir fore part of govern ber. and froze stiff till March. Good, smart weather, too. 1 remember that it was so cold in Brooklyn, that November that bilin' water lroze over a hot tire." Daddy Wotherspoon looked at him. and braced himself. "Yes, yes," said he, "I mind it well. That's the full that the milk froze in the cows. But the cold season was in 1827. It commenced in the middle of October, and ran through to April. All the oil froze in the lamps. and we didn t have a light until spring set in." "Ay, ay," responded Uncle Sammy, growing rigid, "it's just like yester day to me. X walked a hundred and lorty miles due east irom bandy lloolc, on the ice, and slid back, owing to the convexity of the earth, you know. It was down hill coming this way. liut that wasn't as cold as the winter of 1851. That season commenced iu September, and the mercury didn't rise a degree from that day. Don't you remember how we used to breathe hard, let it freeze, cut a hole in it, and crawl in for shelter? You haven't forgotten that?" "Not I," said Daddy Wotherspoon, after a short pause. "That's the winter we used a give the horses melted lead to drink, and kept a hot fire under 'em, so it wouldn t harden till they got it down. But that wasn't nothing to the spell of 1817. We began to feel it in the latter part of August, and she boomed stiddy till the 30th of Juue. I got through that whole spell by living in an ice-house. It was too cold to go out doors, and I jist camped in the ice-house, xou remem ber that season of 1817 ?. That's the win ter we wore undershirts of sandpaper, to keep up a friction." "Well, I should say I did." retorted Uncle Sammy. "What ! remember 1817 ? -Deed I do. That was the time it took a steam grindstone four days to light match. Ay, ay! But do you know I was uncomfortably worm that win ter?" "How so ?" demanded Daddy Wother spoon, breathing hard. "Runnin around your ice house to find out where you got in. It was an awful spell, thouf-h. How lone did it last From August till the 30th of June? 1 guess you are right, liut you mind the snap of 1813, don't you? It com menced on the first of J uhr. aud went around and lapped over a week. That year, the smoke froze in the chimneys. and we had to blast it out with dynamite. I think that was the worst we ever had. All the clocks froze up, so we didn't know the time for a year, and men used to set fire to their buildings so's to rent. Yes, indeed. I got $3,000 a month for four burnin' buildings. There, was a heap of suneria' that winter, because we lived on alcohol and phosphorus, till the alco hol froze, and then we ate the brimstone end of matches, and jumped around till they caught nre. Say, you ."' But Daddy Wotherspoon had fled The statistics were too much for him. THE SOUTH POLE. Th Folly of Attempting; to Explore It. Again there is a frenzy for Antartic exploration, of which there has been lit. tie Bine 1842. The rage for visiting in accessible region 8, where there are no human beings and no possible human interests, seems to us quite a waste of en ergy. We know enough of the southern pole to know that more knowledge would not be worth the trouble of attaining; we know that the southern hemisphere win ter is longer than the northern winter; we know that the north pole is approach able from all directions much nearer than the south pole; we know that tbe south pole is buried under a vast ice field two or three miles thick and 2, SCO miles in diameter so huge and heavy that it has shifted the earth's center oi gravity, caused tbe oceans to flow over the southern half of the planet, and ex posed to view and habitation the land of the northern half; we know that in the procession of the equinoxes 12,500 years tbis ice-field will melt, evaporate and float through thesky to congeal at the north pole, and that then the northern hemisphere will gradually sink under the sea till the salt water stands two hun dred feet above New York city, and the released southern hemisphere will slow ly and slily tip out of the oceans, revest, ing continents and islands where new nations will be born, and great civiliza- ions take root and blossom. Knowing all this we have ample warning. When the time ot tbe caiachtsm draws nigh we can hedge by selling our real estate, dis pose ot our houses ou a long lease (moo ey in advance) and go to Australia, buhl iog a tender farewell to the doomed north. It is sad to think that, if the prognostications of science are trust worthy, the vigorous north is to be sub merged, and that, in a little while, mere ly twelve thousand years, Fulton market will have joined the majestic rains of the world aud sharks will be disporting above Wall street a"d codfish movintr ia select circles along Fifth avenue, with only Trinity church steeple and the tall tower peering above the liquid was te. It must be a heartless wretch who desires to know more about a poleoneryslie 1st itude that is responsible for bringing n;wn us so much woe. COMING TO AS END. Tlie Present Year to Vyitnesa tho . tlructluu of tho World Accord ing to Mother Shipton. "The world to an end shall come in 1881." So says Mother Shipton in the celebrated prophecy bearing her name, which has attracted attention all over the Kajishjjpaaking.WKifL. and- faaa. uit. tainedilo little creucuce, notwithstand ing the statement that the alleged proph ecy was uo prophecy at all, but the pro duction of . a London Bohemian who pretended that it dated back to the six teenth century. Whether this allega tion be true or not, certain it is that tlie period between 1881 and 1877 has long been regarded as a time full of awful significance, whether of good or evil. The Mormons, a portion of the spiritual ists, the Second Advetitists, aud others, hold that the millenium is near at haud, and many agree in placing it between 1870 ami 1887. But the prophecies of evil seem by far the most abundant. Astrologers, wizards and soothsayers have concentrated all manner of sinis ter predictions upon the year 1881, and people who are not willing to admit that they are smerilitiona, reirard the year with more or less anxious expecta tion and dread. PROPHECIES OF KVIU The prognostications of evil takes all manner ot lorms and shapes, and are baed upon all conceivable kinds of cal culation. People were called upon, some years ago, to obserye what was called the prophetic symbolist of the great pyramids or i-gypt. 1'rof. 1'iazzl Smith.lhe English astronomer.contended that they were not only memorials of a system of weights and measures, intended to be perpetual, but that the channels of the pyramids represented the important epochs in history, and thus indicated events still to come. Starting with the proposition that an inch represents a year, it was clearly reasoned out by many that not enly was the birth of Christ foretold, but the date of the year given al which Moses received his first command to take tbe children of Israel out of Egypt. THE PYRAMIDS AND CHKOSOLOOT. Thomas Wilson, of Chicago, it is said recently developed a geometrical rela tion of the pyramid to chronology, by which a number of remarkable dates were correlated by triangulutlon. Dr. Everett W. Fish, also of Chicago, in a recent book on the pyramid, holds that the impending wall at the south end oi the grand gallery in the interior of the pyramid and the narrow passnge beyond. symbolizes the closure of the present epoch and the end of the age, though not of the world. "The narrowness of the passage out of the grand gallery," he says, "signifies great tribulation to fall upon the earth from 1881-2 to 1880. As til is is the age of the great planetary perihelia, the probabilities of iu correct prophecies are startling indeed." PLANETARY DISTURBANCES. The last sentence refers to the fact that about two years ago pamphlets be gan to appear, arguing that the most awful consequences were about to befall mankind, from all the great planets reaching their perihelia, or nearest points to the sun, together. According to these prophets, the effect of the "er-! :f:tlia were to begin making. Uicir cp. pearance this fall, when. Jupiter passed his perihelion, and next year the scythe would begin to sweep westward, witn a swathe as broad as the continents, until it reached the Pacific Ocean. Plagues. famine, pestilences, fire, cathquakes, Hoods and tornadoes were to scourge the human race, till only a few people re mained, like Nouh and his fumily, to re people the earth. It was argued that the ravages of the black death in the middle ages followed the nearly-coincident perihelia of four great planets, and therefore similar consequences could be expected from the configura tion of the planets now. SUN SPOTS. B. G. Jenkins. F. It. S. A., found that the outbreaks of cholera in 1816 through out the world were synchronous with the maxima and minima occur rences of the spots, and predicted another creat cholera season in 18SJ-4. He found a connection between the proximity of Jupiter to the sun. and the black death, and also saw the more deplorable con ditions would result trom the perihelion fir. Procter, the astronomer, has taken pains lo show that the pretended facts upon which these statements rest are baseless, and to prove that the great planets will not be in perihelion in 1881, and thev will not all be in perihelion at any time. SCKAPS OF SCIENCE. Durinfr the last ten vears. said Mr. Frank W. Grierson in a late address on the national value of cheap patents, no fewer than 22.8G3 patents were crushed in Great Britain by the heavy stamp du ties demanded under the existing law in that country. No comment cau urge more eloquently a reform in the treat ment of inventors by that nation than the simple fact that three patents are granted in tbe United States for one there. There is a large cave on the Dry Fork or Arrow creek, in the .Belt mountains, Montana, which contains a mass of solid ice half an acre in superficial area, and. as yet, of unknown depth. This cave is a great resort for game of all kinds. May it not be possible that the ice-forming nature ol certain caves in pre-historic times attracted to such caves the various animals whose remains discovered with in this century have thrown some, though on the whole, a rather unsatisfactory and very incomplete light upon the state of our globe ages ago. Pampas grass is a very agreeable thing to everybody possessing what im pressionists delight to call. In their own peculiar and vague way, the artistic in stinct. Some farmers in southern Cali lorn i a have found that this beautiful grass can be grown witti a very little trouble, and sold for decorative purposes at a Urge profit. Une ot these men put three-quarters of an acre under the grass, and was able to sell each head or plume at a.' cent, $00: another sold all he raised xt 1i cents a plume. This in dustry ' growing. Ten thousand plumes were' disposed of in southern California last year. Europe could take an almost unlimited number or them. Mr. J. Bantiog Rogers, savs the Na ture, has devised and published a game which is likely to be of service not only as a really ibleresting amusement but also as a means of aeouirine a consider- able knowledge of navigation and me teorology, it is entitled "the trttue or voysge round the world," and is played ou a large board represnting the oceans, suitably divided for counting by knots, and with haiirds in the shape of cyclones, collisions, etc, which add excitement to tbe game. ihe game is played by means of a num ber of small models of ships of various kinds, end cards ou which the number of knots is marked, within which the Dlavers may move. Loirs are kent. watches arc appointed, and a captain of tne ws!cn is set to record distances, etc. Altoirether it will be seen that in Mr. Itogrs ingeniously devised game there are great possibilities both of amuse ment and instruction. . INCURABLES NOT TAKES, nteubenrilla Herald. "Mr. Topooody," said Mr. T. the oth er morning at breakrast, "if yon don't stop your everlasting wrangle I'll go to ine lunatic asvium. "Oh, you will, will you" replied Mrs, 1 opnoooy. "Yes I will, and that gladly." "But you won't, ali the same. "Why, won't lr - "Why r "Yes. I say why " "Weil, because they don't take incur ables, that's why. " Topnoody went down town without finishing his breakfast, and wrote a letter to the authorities for information . re. s pectin g qualifications for admission to the asylum.' . Use Leis' Dandelion Tonic, tlie "treat blood and liver purifier and life giving principle, a preventative ol chills ana aeue, and a suns cure for dyspepsia Price $1 per bottle. For sale by all druggists. VOL. 24 NO. 3. POPULATION OP CITIES. The following is a list of 163 cities of the u nited States, with their population in issd, as compared with ten years be fore: 1S80 ... w.sis ... 18.191 ... isssr .. . t.n ... 450(0 . 11,105 ... 16,100 ... 11.000 ... S3,ser . . . 12. cor . . 336000 . . ... 10,71 J .. 17.110 ... 17iO .. S63,5iS ... 654, 47J , . . 1S.SSH .. 14S.S00 . . JS.S7S .. 51.083 41,714 .. 10.177 . . 49.02T . . 15.US1 ... ll,SS7 . . S03,05X .. 10.7US .. t'&.SOl ia,5no ... 1S9.401 ... S01S2 . . 10,1;; ... none . . 13.811 is.tu S3, ... 11,810 .. 39 000 1,8SS . . X2,tt6 S&.T1W ... 119,700 .. 1T,60S .. S3 276 ... 19.065 .. 87,443 10.OW JS.S41 S0.57S . liW 47.KK1 . . 26,04$ 11.451 .. 32,037 . . I1S50 . . 42.800 . . 80.41 .. 42.024 ... 18,6t4 75,031 16.590 ... 11,009 . 105.0U0 12.078 56.94S .. 12.178 .. 1S.37S .. 13.92S . . l OM . . 30.400 . . 25,84tt 14 791 .. 15.000 12.771 .. 11,162 . 128,503 . . 61,300 .. 11,050 fet.377 16,300 10,427 82,473 .. 12 004 ... 12.695 10,141 . . 83.200 15 10 . 130.000 .. 48,323 .. 35,017 .. 11,800 43.377 ... 13.453 . . 135 93 18,075 17.600 .. 63 000 . SI 5, 123 .. 1,206,577 ... 14.IO0 . . 13 200 10 292 . . 17.811 ... 85.000 . . . 30,tV5 ... 20 732 . . 16 277 ... 15.758 58.000 ... 19.580 ... 81.708 ... 817,543 .. 121977 ... 13246 ... 83,705 ... 20.3 . . . 104,50) 10.571 ... 27,428 . . . 16 012 . . . 43,230 62 tOO ... 11614 18,088 .. 89.498 . .. 12.015 . . . 12 223 . . 12.SS5 .. 11,852 .. S33.0W . 20-594 - .. 15.000 .. 11319 . - 19,683 ... 20.5(H) ... 10.430 11,000 ... 80,767 45.7CA . . . 13,491 ... 83,139 ... 850,915 ... 41,619 . . . 35,900 ... 20,850 ... 62.210 . . . 10 066 . . . 26,616 ... 63.65 ... 80,5' 10 ... 56.694 ... 88 923 11.660 ... I1.80J . . . 160 000 ... 81,600 . . . 10,560 . .. 10.615 ... 18,000 ... 12000 ... 13.840 ... 43,000 18.605 ... 10,187 ... 58,238 ... 10,782 . . . 18,924 1870 A I bin r. X. T Allemonn. I'm itomm. Pa Atlirheiiy. P Atlanta. Ua At;leboro, Mail Athens, Ohio. Austin Texa 63.4rl 18 8 . lueio 21 978 6.7tS lo.ooo 4,428 17.225 11.162 S06SO4 13.790 8.146 12.S92 14. 560 250.536 S06.0J9 8.000 117,714 14.930 89,631 20.045 5.041 45.985 9.4S5 S.607 298 907 8,920 816,289 6.193 92.829 15,857 T.401 Auburn, X Y Aurora. Ill Baltimore, Md hay titv, Slirh.. rtclleville. Ill BiDirharapton, X. V ... bbjotuinf tun, ill..... . . lio&lon. Si&KS Brooklyn. X. Y...... .... Hrocton, Uass Buffalo. N. Y Burlington. Iowa Cambridge, Mass Camden. N, J Oedar Rapids, Iowa Charleston, S. C Chester, Pa (Jhicopee, Mar..... Chicafro. Ill Chillicolbe, O Cincinnati, O Chattanooga, Tena Cleveland. O Cohoes N. Y.. lolutnlms. Ga Columbus, O. ........... Concord, N. n Council Bluffs, Iowa 81-44 12.241 10,020 4 500 8,754 80.473 20.078 12.035 4,759 79,677 9,204 18.5U4 11.350 19,645 7,009 SO.SJO 15 80 11,774 26,760 K.718 10,158 16,607 13.918 11,081 23.105 87,180 9,382 48.274 11.447 e,2us 82.546 11.750 82 260 12.766 16.474 8.6-2 11,011 28,91 10,233 13.506 12 880 2 975 8,950 108 000 40,928 6.728 18.233 6.826 9.176 23.536 7 267 10,810 8 474 40,226 15, : 96 71.440 12.066 82 084 8,505 15,865 10 543 105.0C-9 17.014 15.396 50 840 191.418 942.292 12,120 10.763 7.599 15,055 10.500 16. tS3 10,910 10.176 12,613 88.579 12.000 22 859 674 622 86,1.76 12.884 81.413 20.080 68 904 7,442 81.062 9.8N0 83,930 61 038 7,899 11,049 64,89 11.00 6.0110 9.089 16.2X3 149,478 uiuias. lezu. Danburr. conn Dayton. Ohio Davenport, Iwa leMoiccs, Iowa. Denver, Col l)-troit SlUh IKnrer, N. U Dubuque, Iowa East aginaw. Alien Erie, Pa Klgin, 111 Kiizabeth, N. J Elinira. X . Y Fond ilu Lao, Wis Kail River, Stius Fort Wavne. I mi Ualesburg, lit Grand Kapirts, Mich Galveston, Texas Hamilton, Ohio H arris burjr. la.. Hartford, Conn Houston, Texas iQdianapolis, Ind Jackson, Mich Jacksonville, 111 Jersey City, N. 3 . Kalamazoo. Mich Kansas City, Mo Keokuk, Iowa Kingston, X. Y Knoxville, Tena La Crosse, Wis Lawrence, Mats Lancaster, Pa Lafayette, Ind Little Itock, Ark Lincoln, Neb Logausport. Ind Louisville, Ky I-owelU Mass Los Antreles, Cal. Lynn, Mass Lyucbburg. Va Madison. Wis Manchester, X. H Maiden, Mass Macon. Ga . Marlboiough, Mass Memphis, Tcnn Meriden, Conn Milwaukee, WU Minneaitolis, Minn Mobile, Ala Muskegon, Mich Nashville, I'enn Nashua, X tl Newark, KJ Newburg, X Y.. New Albanj, ind New Haven. Conn New Orleans, La.. New York, X. Y Xorwalk, Conn Norri-town, Pa Newcastle, Pa New Brunswick, N. J. . Oakland, Cal Omaha, Xe Osweio, X Y Ogdensbunr. N. Y Oshko&n. Wis Paterson, X.J Pawtucket, B, I Peoria, 111 Philadelphia, Pa Pittsburgh, Pa Pott-Tille, Pa Portland. Me Poughkeepoie, N. Prvidence, B. I Wuiocy, Mas Uuincy, 111.... Kdcii.e, Wis Heading, Pa Richmond, Va Rock Island. Ill ltoekford. Ill Rochester. X. Y Romp, X. Y Rutland. Vt San Jose. Cal SacrameDto, Cal Han Francisco, Cal S.in Antonio. Texas.. ... Mnnilnlr. htn Stamford. Conn bpringtlcld. 111 Springfield, Ohio Paginaw City. Mich Salt Lake, Utah . Savannah, Ga Scrauton. Pa South Hen I, Ind Springfield, Mass St. 1XU18, mo St. Paul, Minn St. Joseph, Mo ... t. Augustine, via Syracuse, N.Y Stockton, Cal Terre Haute, Ind Toledo, Ohio Trenton, N.J iroy, j. i j tica. ft.i Vtoksburg, MUs vv aitnam, uass Wahington. D C v, n eel ing. h. vi ... Weymouth. Mast Watertown. N Y Wooneocket, R. I Waterbury, Conn Wilkcsbarrc, Pa Wilmington, Del Wilmington, X C Winona, Minn Worces er. Mass Wobnrn Mass Yonkers,X. Y MAN. Extracted from an old Volume. Tbe average weight of an adult m is 140 pounds and 6 ounces. The average weight of a skeleton is a'jout 14 pounds. Number of bones, 240. The skeleton measures one inch less than the heighth of the living man. The average weight of the brain of man is 3'. lbs. : ot a woman 2 Its. 11 oz. The brain of a man exceeds twice that of any other animal. The average height of an English man is 5 feet 0 in.; of a Frenchman, 5 feet 4 in. ; and of a Belgian, 4 feet 6 in. The average weight of an Englishman is 150 lbs.; of a Frenchman, 13o lbs.; of a ttsigian, 14U ids. Tbe average number of teeth is thirty two. A man breathes about twenty times a minute, or 1,200 times in an hour. A man breathes about eighteen pints oi air in a minute, or upwards or seven hogsheads in a dav. A man gives ofl 4.03 per cent carbonic gas of the air he respires; respires 10,000 cubic feet of carbonic gas:n twenty-four hours; consumes 10,607 cubic feet of oxygen in twenty-four hours, equal t tweuty live cuuic mcnes oi common air. A man annually contributes to veget ation 124 pounds of carbon. The average of the pulse in infancy is 120 per minute; in manhood, 80; at CO years, 60. The pulse of females is more frequent than that of males. The weight of the circulating blood is about 28 pounds. The heart beats 75 times in a minute; sends nearly 10 pounds of blood through the veins and arteries each beat; makes 4 beats while we breathe once. Five hundred and forty-six- pounds or 1 hogshead 14 pint of. blood pass through the heart in an hour. Twelve thousand pounds, or 24 bogs heads 4 gallons, or 10.762 pints pass through the heart in 24 hours. One thousand ounces of blood pass through the kidneys ia one hour. One hundred and seventy-four millions of holes or cells are in the lungs, which would cover a surface 80 times greater than the human body. GEORGE WILLIAM CDBTIS ON BERN HARDT. Harper's Magazine. To charming gifts of nature she adds tbe most skillful training in the best of schools, and amid the most inspiring and chastening traditions. The firm grasp of genius which distinguished ltachel she has not, and yet comparison is inevitable, not only because she is the most noted member of the French comedy since Kachel, but because she appears in Rachels's parts. There could be no greater contrast, however, than the first evening of the two women ia America. "Adrienne Lecouvreur' is all -color" and . . the heroine moves through it in an ever-shifting splendor of cos tume. It is especially adapted to a miscellaneous popular audience. It was in Corneille's "Lea Horaces" that Ra chel appeared a drama bald in its an tique severity, and absolutely without re lief of circumstance or "-color." Her costume was a simple fine woolen drapery- Her movement, as she entered upon the bare and desolate scene, was not incrodit regina, nor did she "walk in beauty like the night;" it was s still, statutesque presence, the mournful mo tion of a woman who forecasts her doom. Ia other words, it was aa action informed with genius, and the mind was at once caught up into the play of passion, unmindful of costume or acci dent. " Hem Tork and Wisconsin produce the greater part of the Lim burger cheese maufactured ia this country, which amounts to thousands of tons. It costs less thaa half the price of the imported . article, sad Is more profitable thaa any other cheese, because more weight ia obtained frm a given quantity of milk, sad better prices are realised. - rCBUSHXO EVKKT FRIDAY AT EMPORIA, LYON COUNTY, KANSAS. BY THE NEWS COMPANY. Jacob Stotlis. Alex, hrria Kkasc P. UacLsvkak. Terma (1.59 per Tmr, la Advance. All time not paid for is advance it al tl-- ratcol t2 oerjrear. Attorneys at Law. fKVTttt 4 1'EVIOX, ATrortSbYS AT LAW. fc-tc porta, Kan sas. Wilt jiractice ia the siate-cnd fe-Jcrul court. J. V. FL1GHAX, ATTOKXEY AT LAW. OSoela Finioiia National ll.'.nW luiililirR C. . TBT. T. K. fcfcPwWIvI ST ERR Y SKPOWICK, ATTORNKYS AT LAW. KiDi-orla. Kansas. Will oractlec in tl:a tereral cooruuf Lyon, Osage, iireenwoi-J, Coffey, Cl-as-e, llarcr, Marion aud Morris count Kansas; in the su.'.ieme court of the Male, aim in the federal courts l"ur tbe district of Kauai F. P. PAYNE, ATTORNEY and Justi:- ot" the I'eace. Office: Emporia National URCk Building. SCOTT & LYXX. ATTORNEYS AT LAW . Vill nracticr-'ii. all the State and Federal Court. C. B. BSCHSLLSK. . M. BACBELLKS BACHEXLKK & BAt'lIF.LLER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Otfr First Va. tionai Bank, Eiouoria. Has. EU. S. WATEKCrRY. LAW OFFICE. Front room a un.ttaiit Bancroft block, Emporia. Kansas. B. Y. CCH Tlt?H AM . W T M'fiftVV -W.MXGnAT A YeCAltTY-. ATTORNEYS AT LAW . Kmiorl Kii,. Will Dractice in all the State im' t.-.i..i : Courts. Office in Nsvs block. Physicians. 11. W. tIKT M I . - . . . .-.. DIlVIPTtv ivn ci-n,i-,tv ii ?iuur.ir.t. 1 ....... I , ,1 '..,, : . - , . , store. Residence at southcaM coiiht f Sov- Ptt. W. W. HII'tiEN. OFFICE Over liutHap A Co'. Hank JOHN A. MOOitE. 1HY8ICIA-S AND KITRliK.i.V ,tr... , hia Dru-cStore, No. 150 Commercin! si. JACOBS, if. !., OrriCE in North ft Ryder's tlnta; .tor. . J II. WILHITK, I. V. S., Graduate of American Veterinary 4'olloe ' Veterinary Surjetni. Office is at Joseph Peak's barn, on Const i -tution s treat Ali disease? of auintalMicre fully treated. J. II. WILU1TE. Dentists. J. A. YOUNG, yS Emporia, Kw, Rooms over Fiiost National Hank DR. THOS. F. DAVENPORT, SXLU. A J-kJ A , Cor. Sixth Avenue aud Comuierelal St rr stubs. EiiiwiiA, Kansas. Foundries and Factories. E MPOIUA Foundry and Machine Shops. JOSKPH C. .IOXES, Prop. Manutactureroriron Fronts, l.an.i Hollers, Iron Flower stands, Fanny llnu-kt-. Aqua riums, and every description of Iron and Brass Castings. Machinery and l'.oilcr re-pairing- a specially. Correspondence solic ited. gTEAM TOWKB WOOD WORKING FACTO It Y Plans and specifications lor ail kinds of buildings furnished. 1 ship in my lumber, and can give low liiture on all contracts. Factory and shop on Commercial btrec-l. Just north oi .Seventh A venue, Emporia. Give me a call. n. F. ftl'lt AGUE. Eipria fSmim Faciorr " T. L. RYAN, ! m, ,t all Vfi.-ni l'-. It BIKitS, . bi'Hix' wagons, j'Latfoum WORK, ETC., ETC. KEPAIBUG DOXK OX SHOUT KOTIl't ! Sixth avenue east of Commercial St. Butchers. Dealers in Meats of all Kinds! TUe neat and Cheapest Heat Market In Jcmporla. Have now on hau land forsalcchcapa I arm amount of Pork, 11am. Shoulder ai t Hacun, thoroughly salted, cured and smoked, and equal to the very best that can be found any where. Theyhavealso a large quantity o. lard, by the barrel or pound . Call ami see it. All orders receive prompt attention, and dealers are particularly requested touiTeu a can. ine Dest oi ueer. siution and Veal, as usual, kent at onr market, on teixth vpun. Just west f the Eskridfro biocl . Emporia. a.ausa. AiltiU tL IIEKHAA. Miscellaneous. KOBKltT BILLIKIR. CIVIL ENGINEER ANO SUKVKYIJlt.- Oflice over Hall, Waite Co's music turn-. Q P. THEIS, Boot ami Shoe Maker. All kinds of Foot Wear made to order in the best style. Kepairinir promptly attended to. Shop on west side of Commercial St., a few doors south ot 5ib avenue. EMPORIA, KANSAS UII J. UE1LMAN, M ANCF ACTtJBBB Or SADDLES AND IIAKNKKSI A Good Stock always on band at Ixiwesl 1 'rices. Repairing Done Neatly and Cheap. Hedge Laying & Hedge Trimming. I own tbe county rights of the Patent Hedge Layer and the champion Hedge Trimmer, and am prepared to lay down or trim hedge better and cheaper than luir other party cau do. Call on or address. J. L. W. BELL, Emporia. Kansas. Banks. THE GMPOKIA NATIONAL BANK. Capital, Surplus, - $100,000. 35,000. Interest Paid os Time Deposits. Draft drawn on Eastern cities and ull point in Euiope Special Attention given to CoIU'Ctious. Gold Coin, and Sterling Exchange bought ut Current Kates. Advances made on Shipments of Cm In an, nlock. and Oimmeri 'Ml I'tipcr Discounted. The big-heat price paid lorVml,Tosu..iij. C'a and County lion.I- r. n pi.rMii. !iei-ik-.i. C. Wo. Vi-c I'rt-sidi-nt. L.'l. I1EK1TAGE, Cashier. DiRSCroas P. B. Plumb. W.T. Kixlen. I.T Heritage, Lewis I.nlr,c. Hood, lanil lti! r A. G. ln-miston. M. W. Ptillli,., a. Itoheri- H. C. UOS rrnldnt. Wm. MA It TIS OA LB. Yic Irtmt e. a. iioi.ii t: r: a a ,v, t:au- First National BANK OF EMPORIA, KANSAS. Capital Stock Paid in, $100,000. SCRPLUS TVXD. SSS.0OO.OO. Does a General Banking Business. MPOBIA Savings Bank. TRANSACTS A 6KSEHAL. BANKING BUSINESS. Merest Ailowei on Tims Deposits. J. J AT BCCTE, President H. DtNLAP7CahJer. , - DERECTOBS : . "."irBcci, je. p. Batnrzs, : - . i. Wmi. - jr. "W. TSDSWOBTST SrewAsa Xvua.