Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1. NO. 1
RICH PLACERS. Pleaty of Good Ground on Both Sides of Um Platte Valley that will Pay to Work. BIG STRIKE ON BRUSH CREEK. Hills Foil of Coarse Gold and Carbon ates a with an Abundance of ' Water to Wash it Out. [From Daily Sos. July <L FOR two months a force of men has been engaged in prospect . ing placer ground on North Brush creek about two miles from Ryan's old saw mill on the Cedar and eighteen miles south-east from Saratoga. The work is jiart of an elalxirate system for opening up 680 acres of rich ground belonging to Captain J. H. Mullison, John W. Beall, and ex-Congressman S., W. Downey. Enough has already been done so that application has been made for United States int ents on four full claims and a frac tional one. This field of Operation was the scene of sluicing and panning as far back as 1870. Prospectors have worked in the neighboring gulches and’ draws tributary to Brush creek for several seasons since then. Most of them either quit work or abandoned their claim because they thought the pay dirt, which prospected well, was not deep enough to justify them in staying by it. But during the past few days discoveries have been made which not only demonstrate the richness of the Brush creek placers, but explain why prospect- ! ors in the past failed to make big wages. The trouble seems to have ' been that they got discouraged just at the time when they ought to have gained confidence in the country. PROSPECTORS WERE FOOLED. Apparently they were, deceived ' by the presence of a strata of a coarse, drab-oolored substance re sembling cement. This they mis took for bed*eock. Some called it talc, and so far as I can learn nearly everyone who worked thjre for granted that wherever ' Trt^te ; reached- ' Old-timers will no doubt be snr trised to find out that instead of eing bed rock this peculiar layer, ' which varies in thickness, is really a lime formation underlying the second wash. Below that is 1 another deposit of gravel, richer than the first and generously sprinkled with coarse gold. It is found to a considerable depth and underlying it is a bed rock of limestonf. - t Jim Cusick, who is well known j hereabouts as a prospector, made t a number of locations in a big | gulch which now bears his name, t that heads in the divide between | the Cedar and Brush creek a short; < way beyond the old mill. That. j was several years ago and Cusick ! ( and different partners continued; operations there for several sue- j J cessive seasons. Jirfi was first in-' duced to try his luck there by! * stumbling over a set of old sluice j f boxes on the edge of a little stream 1 , along which w’ere evidences that ] somebody had been working. The 1 boxes, which Captain Mullison , claims he used on the other side . of Brush creek twenty-one years j ago, could not have seen service , for a long time, as some of them ] were in a decayed state. Ditches were dug and trenches cut preparatory to ground sluicing ' the gulch near its mouth where the best prospects were found. , Some gold was washed out but not in large enough quantities to meet Cusick's expectations. He was de ceived just as.hiq predecessors had been by the layer of lime referred to. Like them, he thought any gold there might be must of ne cessity lie above that strata.. having sufficient papital to carry on hydraulicking and the gravel in the gulch being four feet or less on top of the lime, Cusick came to the conclusion that he was wast ing time in washing it. didn’t look in the right place. It did not occur to him or any of the men who worked with him to try to trace the origin of the gold which was found in greater quantities the nearer Brush creek tney went. They supposed it ; must have come from up the gulch and contented themselves with following it down to the creek. That was another mistake which was made. If they had cross-cut the gulch they might have enjoyed better luck. Jim, Hopkins, who prospected in that. neighborhood several years ago, | came near striking the gravel de-' Srait on the hill above the gulch.l e sank a few feet but abandoned I it after doing a little work. Mullison alone of all the mon who have prospected there seems to have struck the gravel. He THE SARATOGA SUN. ought to know that country well, f'T years ago he hunted there for the old tie-camp. But in pros » peering that section he workiul on a theory which the people through the Valley have come to regard as j one of his fads. Mullison’s idea is that in prehistoric times a ’ mighty river flowed high above the present course of the Platte and alon" the ridge on the eastern range. To his own satisfaction, at least, he traced the course of this stream in a north-easterly and south-westerly direction as far up ( as Rock creek and found indica -1 tiorfs of it over in Colorado be • yond North Park. Owing to some 1 convulsion of nature, he thinks. 1 the bed of this stream sank and mountains and hills of gravel were 1 punched up. 1 Whether or not Mullison’s geo -1 logical theory will hold water, it ; has already proven a convenient guide to him in the location of , valuable placer ground. His ■ search for diggings in the Brush I : creek country was high up and along the backlxme of the hills where few prospectors, so far as there is any rec<4kd, have done more than stick a pick deep enough to get a pan of dirt. There he found a senqp of depressions which may or may be due to natural causes. They look like sink-holes. But others besides Mullison share the belief that these are in reality relics of an cient shafts. One of these places was chosen as the site for a pros pect shaft on a claim called the Fair God. Tom Castle, an old miner who now has a horse ranch near Cheyenne; Jim Cusick and -'-Jesse Ammerman have been sink- ■ ingTliere uiia'ore downTo' “JdJJtJll lof fifty-three feet. Their work isT a model of its kind, for the shaft is timbered in excellent style and good judgment has been dis played throughout. Going down on the gravel to a depth of fifteen feet a red clay was «truclr. Leaving that to one side 1 the shaft was continued on through the gravel which prosprcts all the 1 way and coarse pieces of gold are 1 found in it. 1 A curious thing in connection 1 with this work is that chunks of * charcoal were dug out on one side ' of th&ahaft.., Jl3w tliin nliould be ' embeddedso deef/ in flic I ground haw given rise to much ' speculation. Those who think ’ the present shaft is on the site of 1 earlier works or near them imagine 1 that the charred remains of tim- 1 bering have been found. 1 < ONE HUNDRED FEET OF GRAVEL. , Pieces of lime have been dug 1 out, similar in appearance to the 1 strata that holds the second wash. From this it is reasoned that the same conditions will be found on the hill above the gulch as have d been show’n along the course of li the little stream that trickles t: through it. In that event it would o not be surprising if the limestone p bed rock was struck in the Fair o God at a depth of ninety to one a hundred feet. That is about the h elevation of the hill above the place where the lime occurs in the f gulch. With so deep a deposit of c gravel overlying the limestone, something rich can reasonably be o supposed to be found on the bed s rock. If these hopes should not a be realized it does not signify that; s the work has been fruitless. In i a so large an area of gravel, which 11 prospects well, gold in pay-rm* s quantities can be washed out by i: water from a big ditch that has al- v ready bet n surveyed. I c This ditch will be taken out of s Brush creek, which has a fall of; I fully 1,000 feet to the mile. It will I ' be brought around the hill, a dis-, c tance of three-quarters of a mile, i and carry a tremendous pressure ' c of water. Work on the ditch will' s not begin, however, until bed rock ' a has been struck in the shaft. Then ' a cross-cut will be run to the width of the gravel bed. Should the present favorable in dications* obtain there is no ques- | tion but what active operations 1 will be carried on. Both as to 5 quantity and fall, which will be' * upwards of four hundred feet, the i ' water supply presents exceptional | advantages for work of this char-1 : acter. Once the water is turned ] on it will not take long to wash down the hill. With proper ap-! 1 pliances and the ordinary safe- < ‘ guards used the quantity of gold i 1 taken out by this means ought to 1 i make the enterprise a profitable 1 one. ■ j BIG LEDGES TO BE UNCOVERED. I ( Greater importance attaches to j this scheme than the bare clean up—be it ever so great. It has • , been the experience in many lo- < ' calities, where placers were worked I udder less encouraging prospects, ' that ledges have been exposed ; whose richness eclipsed that of the i alluvial deposits. That such re-1 | suits may be attained from open ing up the Fair God ground may t be sei down as among the probab !' ilities of the present plans. Devoted to the Interests of the Upper Platte Valley and Wyoming. SARATOGA, CARBON COUNTY, WYOMING, JULY 14, 1891 , There is a point on the Cusick • gulch stream from which good ■ prospects can be obtained from I every pin of dirt washed out. 1 Above that no such prospects are • | secured while good success attends . all panning in the direction to -1 wards Brush creek. It is apparent ■ to anyone, who takes the trouble to follow the course of the snow water stream, which in the spring time drains the Fair God hill, that this empties into the gulch at the upper limit of the good washings. For lack of anything better to guide one it is safe to assume that the gold came from the Fair God’s ground or even higher up. I looked in vain for evidences that its origin could have been farther up Cusick gulch and found none. Everything tends to show that at some period an immense volume of water poured down the hillside. The time may have been in the remote jiast or else the erosion was jof recent years, and sufficient to tiring down the gold. However that may be, there is indisputable proof that the precious metal which appears below the lime strata has not traveled far from the original place of deposit. It is coarse, ledge gold and the particles have not been carried far enough to round off the edges. GRAY CdPFER AND GALENA. Below the layer of lime, not only is gold found in greater quantities but also coarse pieces of gray cop per anil galena and truces of car bonates. The pay streak, which hitherto has been narrow and shal low whenever found in the middle of the gulch, is a gray stuff, of fine grain. Chunks of rock resembling I this in every way save that it is TmWfe Im rd er, can be picked out of the water-waT*eL4h« • near its mouth. Some of the pieces are larger than a man's fist. When ground up. colors can be ]>ani>ed from this rock. There must lie ledges of this somewhere in the hills above the gulch. If there is any room for doubt that the track traversed by this mineral was along the bed of the wet-weather water course over the Fair God, the choice must be made between that and a big draw which heads higher up the hill. This empties into Cusick guloh near the place where these fich’ dejxis its first occur. There is a low di vide between the old water course anil the draw. On the line of the latter, and not more than half a mile nearer the main range than the Fair God, is another series of depressions. The only difference, outwardly, between these holes and those first named is one of size. Those in the big draw are larger. Two of them are each forty feet in diameter and nearly or quite as deep. The one nearer the divide has the appearance of having been the serene of a big water spout, or of being scooped out by a down pour from a cloud burst. The other, separated from the first by a thin embankment of earth, may have resulted from human agency. When I visited it this week it was full of debris and boulders. To clear it would be a laborious task. But I was struck by the position of two upright timbers, broken off short close to the surface, which , appeared to have been driven for some special purpose. They stand ( about two feet apart and right at the mouth of a subterranean pas sage of some sort. Perhaps that is the outlet which waters have worn when dammed up in this pe culiar reservoir. Earlier in the season when the snow water plunged down the steep slope a visitor found the basin nearly full of water. A big stream emptied into the reservoir but had no per ceptible effect in raising the water stored therein. Certain it is that an outlet was found near the spot where the uprights appear. RELICS OF OLD WORKS. The position of the posts would be about what one would expect to find in old workings where a drift was run. In such operations stulls and caps are used where timbering is required. The snow fall is great at that al titude and the dense forest holds it till late in the season. When it begins to melt, the water rushes along with a force sufficient to tear out or cover over any works with in a season or two after abandon i ment. An example of what hap- I ]jens under such conditions is to ! be seen in Cusick gulch not far i from Brush creek. Twenty years I or so ago when Mullison was min ing there, he dug a shaft eighteen feet deep. Ail that remains to j mark the spot where this work was ' done is a depression not more than four or five feet down at tin* lowest point. It would pass for a sink hole and closely resembles the others w’hich have been de i scribed. i If these are relics of old work ings there is no record as to who operated there. Abundant evi dence exists that at some time YOU CAN GET RICH! If you foUow the example of those who have made homes in the Upper Platte Valley. Big crops of aU kinds are annually raised on the fertile lands of the basin which embraces 1,000,000 acres— all capable of cultivation. There is plenty of water for irrigating purposes. It is a veritable garden amid mines. Already promising mining camps have been started. Vast areas of country have never been prospected. The great Gold Hill camp can only be reached byway of Saratoga. Here in the only town in the Valley is published a live newspaper, The Saratoga Sun. It is devoted to the interests of the Platte Valley and country adjacent to it. Reliable information regarding the development of the mineral resources will be found in every issue of THE SUN. These reports are based on personal observation and treated from a practical mining standpoint. It will be the earnest endeavor of the editor to give all the news concerning events of interest in the valley and to record the progress made towards the development of this rich’ and promising section of the country. “>■ isjndependent in everything and has nothing to boom for IT SHINES FOR ALL. Sportsmen will be mteresteAn the stories of the exploits of the devotees of rod and gun who this w - Hi J w w nowhere be equalled. Maps apd other guides to places where rare sport is assured will be published from time to time. ' l . If you desire to know anything about this “new” country, read THE SUN, and if you don't see what you want, ask for it. It is a paper for the people. Anybody can have it by paying Three Dollars a year in advance. Address GEORGE F. GANIS, Editor and Proprietor, SARATOGA, Carbon County, - W Y OMING. placers were worked on a large scale in that neighborhood. Near Brush creek are relics of these old workings which are well pre served. They have been seen by prospectors but not until the pres ent season has any move been made to explore the old tunnels and shafts. CHANCE FOR PROSPECTORS. Much depends on the develop ment work now being pushed by the Mullison company. If they fail to find any leads, either before or after the Fair God hill is washed down, search will be stim ulated for the mother lead from whence the gold found in the gravel is presumed to have had its origin. The same is true as re gards gray copper and galena. It would be wortg while to trace that up to find out where it came from. The fact that a systematic search for gold has been made in the Brush creek country in times past certainly demonstrates the possi bilities for placer work now. With plenty of water a man ought to make good wages. This season is a most favorable one so far as the water supply is concerned. But it must not be imagined that because the Brush creek region has been described at such length that good gold diggings are restricted to that locality. Any where for twenty miles or more along hills on the east range the same formation exists. It can be traced from the Kid or Saddle ’ Back mountain just south of Elk | mountain in a southwesterly di- I rection to Marble mountain just behind Gold Hill. There it ends abruptly. A break occurs, and the course can be marked out again on the west side of the valley along the Grand Encampment creek twenty miles of Saratoga. Float similar to that found on the range can be traced up the En i campment canon. There is a stretch of country more than a mile long and covering a broad area where the lime formation plainly shows. It is called cement in that locality and has been used for building purposes and for fill ing the chinks in log houses, prov ing a good substitute for the lime of commerce. Up to the present no effort has been made to dis cover the nature of the deposits undemeatg the lime. Should pay dirt be found below the strata the Encampment country will pre sent exceptionally good advan- ; tages for sluicing as the creek runs full of water. ( GOOD DIGGINGS ALL ABOUT US. Other deposits of lime have been , found on this side of the Conti- ] nental divide and nearer Saratoga. [ On Cow creek and between there j and the Encampment the lime ap- j pears. Recently a lead in a lime formation was found between Jack < creek and the north fork of Spring ; creek. < Either on the east qr west range ■ are plenty of places where pros- < pec tors can locate placer claims and be handy to water. Good roads make the country on both sides of the valley accessible by wagon as far as the first range of gills. Elk and deer trail lead up the slopes and it is no trick at all to pack in supplies and establish a camp from which trips can be taken on foot or on horseback in any direction. All Tips Are the Same. Ex-Fish Commissioner Miller has received a letter from Captain U. D. Thomas at Gold Hill. Mr. Thomas gives Mr. Miller a quiet pointer that the camp is all that has l>een claimed for it and that it j will boom sooner or later. Mr. . Th < mas is a mining expert from l Cleveland, O. He was sent to look b over the ground by parties at t Cleveland. He waited some time - in order to bo able to get into Gold i HilL —Cheyenne Sun. Wyoming’s County Debts. From a recent bulletin issued by ! 1 the census bureau it appears that, the total indebtedness of all the counties in the State aggregates'; 51,083,79, of which $022,000 is bonded and $461,791 is in Heating I debts, making a per capita debt j on the basis of 60,705 population | of $17.85. Laramie county has 8400,000 bonded debt for aid given to the Cheyenne and Northern railroad and which in a large measure is paid back by the taxes against the railroad. With the exception of the newly organized counties of Natrona and Weston, Laramie was the only county in the State in 1890 that had no outstanding indebtedness. The outstanding indebtedness of the other counties is distributed as follows: Albany, 892,035; Carbon, $126,- 917; Converse, $90,000; Crook, $73,000; Fremont, $60,500; John son, $71,134; Sheridan, $26,000; Sweetwater, $34,204; Uinta, sllO.- 000. Several of the counties have recently bonded their indebted ness. WYOMING NEWS. Lander will have a Catholic con vent. Cheyenne made 100 arrests in June. Mormons are flocking into the State from Utah. Men in the Cheyenne shops are working five hours overtime. Newcastle’s assessed valuation for tax purposes foot up $300,500. An electric street car line will begin running in Cheyenne this fall. United States geological survey l ors are at work in Sheridan county. PRICE TEN CENTS. The Rock Springs coal miners turn out an average of 3,000 car ; loads a day. I Only two public drinking fount ains to thirty-seven saloons is the ratio in Cheyenne. Vegetable gardens around | Lander are suffering from the rav ages of the cut worm. The assessment roll of Laramie county, including Cheyenne, shows an aggregate of $5,337,500. Treasurer Delos Babcock, of Johnson county, skipped out leav ing SI,OOO worth of debts behind. Flowing water at a depth of 458 feet was struck in air artesian well on the University grounds at Lar amie. Numbers of the Mexican house finch, a pretty little warbler, have made their appearance in Chey enne. It is estimated that 400,000 sheep will be. driven across the State this year from Oregon bound for Nebraska. Edward T. David has been com missioned a trustee of the State University in' place of President A. A. Johnson. J. D. Corey was awarded the contract for building the hall of the German Tumors in Cheyenne. The price was $9,970 for the build ing complete. While drilling a well at Siding No. 5, fifteen miles south of Edge mont, some men employed by the B. *£• M. Railroad struck natural gas at a depth of 190 feet. l Charles Nelson, for several years . foreman of the Tuslinger outfit . north of Cheyenne, seized a band of horses for back pay amounting ' to $2,200. The herd was replev ined by a deputy United States - marshal. Nelson took the animals i when he heard they were about to be sold.