Newspaper Page Text
HAS HELD FIR8T PRIZE OF KENTUCKY PWE6S ASSOCIATION SINCE 1912 AS 1E8T COUNTRY NEWSPAPER IN THE STATE, LAST AWARD WADE JUNE 801 1922
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and Home Coming
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Volume XXXVII. Number 62. - LOUISA, LAWRENCE COUNTY, KENTUCKY, 8EPTEMBER 1, 1922. M. F. CONLEY and E. K. SPENCER, Publishers
OF OUR PROGRESS
The population of Louisa baa doub
led In twelve years, which is a better
record than a majority of cities In the
country have made. The prospects
for further growth were never aa food
a at p recent. Paving the atreete have
given an Impetua that promlaea to car
ry alone to much greater things.
Reviewing for a few yeara we find
amongst notable Improvementa na
tural gas piped into town for gnral
uee in 1898.
WtM works and sewerage system
Installed Jn 104 by W. B. Cox, who
..The bridge connecting Lou lea with
the Point and with Fort Gay built In
1905. (The stock waa difficult to sell
and the directors borrowed the last
110.000 needed to complete It.)
Rlvervlew hospital waa built in 10
and the need of it baa been proved by
the large patronage it baa received.
The cert -great - issBtcreBisi was
the paving of the streets, started in
120 and completed in 1021. Kentucky
rock asphalt was used sod a more
beautifully paved little olty Is not to
be found anywhere. Our wide streets
are very attractive and we no longer
have mudholea ' and dust to contend
with. Who would go back to the old
mud and dust streets?
New reeldencee and business houses
have been built all alone through the
intervening period until the old town
now stands transformed. ' Only a few
of the old landmarks remain.
The county of Lawrence baa made
progress also. Borne improvement In
ronils tuts come, and one great atep
ronkummatlon. That Is the Mayo
Trail. The grading from Lou ln to the
linyd county line is almoKt complet
ed and the contract will be let soon
fr another section of this road from
I-nulw to i'alnisvllle. When complet
ed it will be maintained by the State.
In agriculture and live stock there
his been marked progress. The coun
ty has employed agricultural experts.
Better homes have been built. Auto
mobiles are plentiful, and the people
a.e living better. 1 -
Sporadic explorations In Lawrence
county fur oil have been made since
1 86. but the real development started
In 1910. when berea oil wae found
three ssUea sestfe of Louisa. Since
that time hundreds of wells have been
drilled, with vet y few dry holes. Thla
Is now our chief Industry.
Dr. w. IS. McCIure Visits
the Old Home Town
Another Louisa man who haa made
a notable success and la here for the
home coming la Dr. W. B. McClure.
He la known throughout the State as
an eminent specialist in diseases of
the eye, nose and throat. He located
in Lexington many years ago. No one
Is enjoying this home coming more
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L m. .. e. al
MRS. F. T. D. WALLACE.
We are pleased to be able to print
a picture of the good woman whose
name heads this sketch. While not a
native of Louisa this Is not ber fault,
as she .could not choose her place of
birth. We are sure she would have
done so If possible. Louisa claima Mrs.
Wallace as her own Just the same. Her
useful life has been Pent here in do
ing good. She waa bLSh and reared at
Hartford. New York, and came here
in early womanhood to Visit her sis
ter, Mrs. J. II. Korthup. Of course
there was no chance for her to get
away from Louisa and she la here
e't " . '
Mrs-. Waiince lias been active In
church fcork through all her life. She
has one record that Is seldom equal
lid.. For 60 yeara she has been a
toarVc'r continuously In the same Sun
day school, that of the Louisa M. E.
Church South. Also, for nearly 40
v ,..,- ih. waa nreanlat for the church
and Sunday school. Mrs. Wallace was
.reUI"nt of the Woman's Missionary
Society for many years, but waa re
lieved at her own request some time
Louisa hss no more highly prised
oltisen than Mrs. Wallace.
GIVE US THE NAMES. .
It V Impossible to get the :nam of
all who were here this week and we
r-ould like to havo the names tf any
tttiO were omitted from ttils Issue In
"t "Jfrti ftr publication noxt week, please
tehiphone or bring thorn In.
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f. T. D. WALLACE.
Mr. P. T. D. Wmlimce im! ao far aa
we can learn, the oldest person now
living in Louisa who waa born here
and has lived In Louisa continuously;
and he isn't so "awfully" old, either.
If be would dye his hair, like a lot of
others do, he might have a lot of
guessers under-shooting the mark as
to bla age.
He la a grandson of Frederick Moore
and a aon of Thos. Wallace, both lead
era In the earlier history of this coun
ty. He la a lawyer and for more than
10 yeara has given all his time to the
Service of the Chesapeake A Ohio rail
way as attorney. His office Is In Ash
land and he makes the round trip dally
between Louisa, and that place.
. .Mr. Wallace la ona f litilaa'a JavI
and substantial citizens, always stand
ing for the beat In civic and" social af
fairs. He served one term as Slate
fienator. the only political position he
No one enjoys more than he the
mingling with all who return to Law
rence county's home coming. ;
HOW STATE LINE
There la an Interesting story about
how Kentucky gained all the territory
between the Levlaa and Tug river
forke of the Big Bandy river, includ
ing a part of Lawrence, all of Martin.
part of Floyd and Johnaon, and the
greater portion of Pike counties.
Kentucky was originally one county
In the State of Virginia. When It was
made a State the boundary line was
given aa the Big Sandy river. Later
the question arose aa to which of the
two forks, from Louisa up, waa the
main stream. The two states ap
pointed commissioners - to meet at
Louisa and decide. On the day they
met here the Tug fork was rising rap
idly aa the result of heavy rains at
the headwaters of the two forks, but
the Levlsa fork had not yst begun to
rise. Tug Is a steeper stream and
headwater tides always reach Louisa
in that fork ahead of Levlaa.
The commissioners got the Idea that
Tug waa the main atream and estab
lished the state Una accordingly.
Leo Frank Made Longest
to Louisa for Week
Mr. Leo Frank was one of the earl
lest arrivals for the Home Coming. He
reached here last Saturday from his
home at Jeanerette, Louisiana, and
will stay through the week's celeura
tton. He was a resident of Louisa for
many years and was one of our most
prominent and progressive ' cithniis
during all that time. He was a mer
chant, and also was postmaster for
twelve years, one of the most efficient
jjtnd accommodating officials the town
ever nao. ne som out in iaof ana lo
cated at Jeanerette, where he has
prospered and taken high position as
a business man. His daughter, Inez.
lives there also, and the many old
Louisa friends regret that she did not
come for this occasion. It has been
several years since either Mr. Frank
or the daughter was here.
It haa been IS years since his last
visit and he haa come farther than
anyone else for this home coming oc
casion. . , ,
Vanceburg Sun Praises !
Louisa and the News
Louisa, Ky will celebrate the 100th
anniversary of Us existence as a city
net week. All the residents are pre
paring to welcome former residents to
a week's celebration of this n-led
event. We, were In their little city last
week and can bear witness 'o their
Up-to-dateness. . They hv new
streets, sewerage and water system,
splendid homes with well-kept lawns,
substantial business fcbncerns whose
places of business reflect their belief
in the future bit their city. All In all,
they are mnch alive and this activity
la reflected tli no small degree by the
Big Sandy News, me of the best
weeklies In the State and Which has
captured the first premium of the
State Press Association several times
as ftuch. The paper is the product of
M. F. Conley and E. K. Spencer, who
make an Ideal combination of editor
and printer. Vanceburg Bun. .
JAMES C 'LANE, 88.
Mr. Jamea C. Lane of Covington, la
here enjoying the Home Coming. He
la 88 years old :For many yeara he
was a merchant h Louisa. He Is fath
Xr of Dr. P. O. Layne of Ashland and
J, C. Layne, or., of Fort Thomas, Ky.
EARLY HISTORY OF
Interesting Records from the
About the First Settlement of Big Sandy.
In 1822 Lawrence county waa form
ed by uniting territory taken from
Floyd and Greenup counties. A court
was Immediately established, a coun
ty seat located and named, school dis
trict divisions made. Jail erected, etc
From the records In the county court
clerk's office we get the following In
Lawrence County Court Formed. .
"Be It remembered that at the house
of Andrew Johnson on Monday the 26
day of March. 1822. Edward Burgess.
Nimrod Canterberry, Lewis Wellman,
Jamea Wheeler, John Haws, Thomas
Thompson, John Stafford and Isaac
Beit, commissioners fross under-the
hand of John Adair, Governor of the
Commonwealth of Kentucky for the
time being, with the seal of the com
monwealth thereto affixed appointing
Kd ward Burgess, Nimrod Canterberry,
Lewis Wellman, James Wheeler, John
Haws, Thomaa Thompson, John Staf
ford and Isaac Bolt, Justices of the
Peace In and for the county of Law
rence and thereupon the said Edward
Burgess the first numbered In said
commissions . before Nimrod Canter
berry the second numbered, did on the
Holy Evangelist of Almighty God took
aa well the oath to support the con
stitution of the United States and of
this state as the oath of Justice of the
e-ftogcthcr with the oath - pro
scribed by till! act of assembly entit
led an act more effectually to sup
press the practice of duelling. Then
Edward Burgess administered oath to
others named. Thereupon a court was
formed and held at the house of An
drew Johnson in the 30th year of Ken
County Seat Established.
The court then proceeded to locate
a county seat and after a thorough In
vestigation, considering the most ac
cessible location. Imperative to be on
the river as it was the best means of
transportation, decided upon the west
side of Sandy river Immediately above
the forks and the name of the town to
be Louisa. The public square waa Io-
cated so that a line run from the Lou-
vlsco (now spelled LevlBa) fork of
Sandy river west 150 feet above the
stable occupied by Andrew J. Chap
man would paaa through the middle of
the public square. The court or com
missioners were allowed the liberty of
giving the public square such figures
as they saw fit and to locate the court
nouse where they thought best.
William Gravea was appointed first
sheriff of Lawrence county and gave
bond for $3000. His bondsmen were
Henry Burgess, Edward Burgess, Hen
ry B. Mayo, Samuel May and Joseph
R. Ward. (The sheriff today la plac
ed under a f 100,000 bond.) Stephen
Graves and Elisha McComas were ap
pointed deputy sheriffs.
Joseph R. Ward was appointed clerk
and placed under a 1000 pound bond.
His bondsmen were Alexander Lack
ey. Robert Walker, John Rice and Wil
liam Gravea. (The present clerk's
bond Is $1500.)
The Brat attorneys admitted to the
bar in the county were Thompson
Ward, Robt Walker, Wm. Triplett and
Samuel Seaton, the first named ap
pointed prosecuting attorney.
John Hawa and Reuben Canterber
ry, J r were recommended-as county
Benjamin Canterberry and Andrew
J. Chapman " were recommended as
coroner to All the place of Hiram
Chadwick. who was recommended by
the Governor but refused to qualify
Lewis Rengesberry was appointed
Jailer and his bond fixed at $1000.
, The outlining of some roads for the
county was then decided upon the sur
veyors appointed for : them, il.t prin
ciple roads being from Louisa through
the mouth of Georges creek 19 Hi?
county line toward PrestOnsoUrg. Mid
from the head of Hoods fork on Blaine
by way of the ridge between Blaine
and Little Sandy to the Greenup coun
ty line. The following were appointed
surveyors of roads to various points:
Isaac Chapman, Michael Borders,
Gilbert Barnett, Jas. Walker, ' Henry
Bail, John Lester, James Rucker.
Jeremiah Wellman appointed com
missioner of Revenue for year 1822 in
all Lawrence county which formerly
belonged to Floyd county.
Wm. w. Buchanan appointed com
missioner of revenue for 1822 in Law
rence county which formerly belonged
to Greenup county. :
Edward Buttress and Lewis Wellman
appointed judges of election at Geor
ges creek precinct
Jas. Wheeler and John Hawa at
tuition Auxier exempted from paying
County levies and working on roads
John Haws and Isaac Bolt appoint
ed to divide county Into constable dls
W. W. Bocock appointed constable
in district one.
Andrew Kitchen appointed constable
in district two.
Jas. Marcum appointed constable In
- Wkn. Walters appointed constable In
Robt. Miller appointed constable In
district five. .
Frederick Moore waa granted the
right to operate a ferry below the forks
of the river, lie owning the land on
this side. The court ttxed the ferry
rate at 1214c tor nu and horse. The
Clerk's Office. Also, Facts
ferry boat should be to feet long and
7 feet wide and have two men to at
tend It. .
The county was then divided Into
school districts, nine in all. (This Is
quite a contrast to the districts of the
present day, there now being 100 dis
tricts beside two graded schools, high
schools and colored schools. -
School district No. 1 began at mouth
of Whites creek on Big Sandy and up
creek with county line to dividing
ridge between the waters of East Fork
and Big Sandy along the ridge to the
head of Bear creek and down Bear
creek to its mouth.
The privilege of keeping a tavern
!n their homes aa granted to Andrew
Johnson and Lewis Reugsberry and
the following prices fixed upon their
For good whiskey or brandy 12Kc
per half pint
For good cider 12e per quart
For lodging per night 12V&C.
For stable with rough food 25c.
For oats or corn per gallon, 124c.
. For pasturage 24 hours 12 Vic.
It was then found necessary to build
a Jail, the plans of which were to be
made by the court. Those finally de
cided upon provided that the Jail be
two stories high and eleven feet
square, built of good strong "hune"
timbers, the logs to be ten Inches
thick and twelve feet long. The tow
er story was to be made of double
timber and left one foot apart and
that space to be tilled with stone. The
floor was to be of good oak sills, the
same size as the walls, with the tim
bers shouldered and pinned to the sills
with two Inch pins. The upper story
waa to be of single timber with the
floor similar to that of the lower story
except that It waa to have a trap door
three feet square, made of three Inch
oak plank' and hung with strong iron
hinges. The roof was to be the same
as the first floor, with Joint shingles,
and had to be extended six feet be
yond the wall at the end where the
upper door was cut Stairs on the
outside were to run up to the plat
form at the -door in the upper story.
Also there were to be enough win
dows, Inches square with iron grates,
to provide ample light for those In
side. "And it is ordered that the said
commissioners attend to the letting
and building of said Jail aa soon as
practicable and that the said com
munity give the undertaker till next
November court to complete aame,and
that aaid undertaker be paid one-half
the price thereof out of the levy from
Floyd and Greenup counties as soon
as sam is collected."
And thus it was that the county of
Lawrence waa formed and first began
its duties as u, county one hundred
years ago. The undertaker waa what
we now call -the contractor. :
Additional Early History.
As early as 1789 emigrants began to
come to the Big Sandy to settle, and
It was In that year that the hrst set
tlement was made at the forks of
Sandy. Indians, were plentiful and
hostile and the early . settlers made
forts by building their bouses near
each other in the form of a square and
connecting them with high fences.
The Indiana were driven out in a few
years, but it cost many lives of white
people to do' this.
.The Harmons, Auxlers and Dam-
rons built blockhouses al the mouth of
Johns Creek and near Pikevll.e. Near
Salyersville also was a white forti
In 1789. the year that a settlement
was attempted on the point opposite
Louisa, the Leslies settled at Pond
Creek in Pike county, but were driven
off by Indians. In 1791 they returned
and established themselves on Johns
Creek, this being the first permanent
settlement in the valley. Then came
the Mayos, Lackeys, Laynes, Hugers.
milliards, Prestons, Hatchers, Borders,
to-. " . -
One hundred years ago the .S't
lived on bear meat, venison, wild tur
key, and other game; wild honey, cora
meal ground on hand mills or grfttod,
bear-fat was largely used instead of
lard, maple sugar and ayrup was
plentiful. . Hog meat and beef came
later, with flour and coffee.
It ia a well established fact that
George Washington made a survey
through here and a tree that he
marked stood on the Johns
place Just south of Louisa until a few
years ago. The Kentucky Historical
Society has a record of it The survey
was made in 176. In his field notes
Washington mentioned a burning
spring bubbling up out of the water
at Wartleld. i
The Name Louisa.
In Wm. E, Connolley'a book "The
Founding of Harmon's Station" we
find the statement that "the Louisa
River was named by Dr. Thomas Wal
ker June 7, 1750. In the early days
of the settlement' of the Big Sandy
valley this stream waa known alto
gether aa the Louisa River. After
ward the name was corrupted to
Levlsa, It appears that the name
Louisa once attached to the whole
State of Kentucky. Dr. Walker gave
the Big Sandy the name Louisa in
honor of Louisa, the wife of the Duke
of Cumberland, it Is said. Louisa Is a
good old English name, coming dowa
from a more ancient people, and waa
In great favor with our ancestors."
. The proper pronunciation la Loo
e-anh. There should be a penalty for
calling it Lou-i-say.
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MAJOR D. J. BURCHETT.
Major D. - J,- Burchett Js always a
welcome visitor to his old home town
of Louisa, but never more so than up
on this gala occasion. In which he has
a part on the program. ' " , ,
Coming out of the Civil war a ma
jor at a very early age for this rank,
he engaged in business at Louisa and
was successful. Also, he took an in
terest in politics and was honored by
his party several times. He represent
ed Lawrence and Boyd counties twice
in the Legislature. He was postmaster
at Louisa for a term and was appoint
ed United States Marshal for the en
tire State of Kentucky by President
Harrison in 1889, making an excellent
record. Then he resumed a business
career and soon after moved to Mt
Sterling, Ky., where he is now the
active president of a large bank. He
has operated a fine bluegrass farm
nearly all the time he has been In Mt.
Major Burchett is the father of Mrs.
G. R. Vinson, Mrs. J. F. Ratcllff, Mrs.
Addle Burchett, John C. Burchett and
D. J. Burchett Jr.
COL W. 0. JOHNSON
On last Saturday Col. Wm. O. John
son sent the following cable:
. Balboa, August 2.
Louisa, Lawrence Co, Ky.
Absent without leave Repentant
The message Is characteristic We
have no doubt that he very deeply re
grets being unable to be present He
most assuredly Is "absent without
leave" from this home coming affair.
No excuse would have secured a
"leave" If It bad to come from this
end of the line. -He
la the first person who suggest
ed a home coming for Louisa. This
was done in conversation with the
writer three or four years ago and
lie expressed a strong desire to attend.
He la now in command of certain
United States affairs In the Panama
Canal sone. Either he could not git a
leave of absence Just at this time or
the notice of the home coming did not
reacn nun early enough.
Will Johnson Is one of the ablest
men Intellectually ever produced hero.
He la the oldest son of the late- Geo; ire
F. Johnson, who for 16 years was
county court clerk of Lawrence coun
ty. On account of his well known
ability he was given an appointment
to the U. 8. Military Academy at West
Point by Major Burchett, who had the
naming of a cadet from this Con
gressional district about 1887. Since
his graduation he twice has been as
signed to West Point ss an instructor.
He ia now a Colonel In the army.
A History of Lawrence
Louisa's first newspaper was the
Chattaro! News, started by Joe H.'
Borders of Palntsville about 1880. Af
ter less than two years Mr. Borders
decided to go to Kansas and the pa
per was suspended.
Next came tHa Lawrence County In
dex, Which began Its career In 188J.
PK'f, H. T. Lyttleton, then teach
ing a private school here. Joined with
Tom Dickenson, a printer, in estab
lishing the Index. Later W. O. John
son, now a Colonel in the U. s. army,
bought Dickenson's Interest
Just 87 years ago this week the In
dex was sold to L. Boyd Ferguson and
M. F. Conley, and the name was
changed to the Big Sandy News. This-
partnership continued 18 montha.when
Conley bought Mr. Ferguson's Inter
est Not one time has the paper fail
ed to make its regular weekly appear
ance. Modern machinery was gradu
ally acquired until a first class plant
was built up. In 1912 and In 1922, the
only times that the Kentucky Press
Association has offered prizes to the
best newspaper In the State, the Big
Sandy News has been awarded first
In 191S Ed K. Spencer became a
partner In the NEWS. He had been
connected with the paper for many
Within the last 17 years papers have
been started here under the following
names: Enterprise. Banner, Advocate,
Journal, Commercial, Chronicle, Ad
vertiser, Times, Leader, Picket Cour
ier. Herald, Recorder, and perhaps an
other one or two. Some of these pa
pers changed hands two or three
FOR LOUISA WARD
Louisa was named for Louisa Ward,
the first white child born where the
town is located. She grew to woman
hood and married a Hampton at Cat
Frederick Moore owned most of the
land now occupied by the city of Lou
isa. He bad come into this locality
from Philadelphia in 1815, bringing a
stock of merchandise with him. In ad
dition to the land on which Louisa sit
he bought a large boundary across the
river .where Fort Gay Is located and
the large bottom now known aa the
Hammond land. After three years of
prosperity as a merchant and trader
he sent to Philadelphia for bis wife
and two small children. Mrs. Moore
was a Miss Vanhorn and they estab
lished their home on the tend men
tioned above as the Hammond land.
He lived to be (2 years old, dying in
- Tho wide streets in Louisa and the
symmetrical plan of the town is said
to have been the work of Frederick
A number of bis descendants .have
been leaders and others are prominent
today. Col. La ban T. 'Moore was a
distinguished son. Col. Sam Savage
was a grandson of ability. F, T. D.
Wallace and G. F. Gallup are promi
nent grandsons yet living. Rev. Dr.
F. F. Shannon, a great-grandson, has
attained a place of eminence In ,the
United States, being one of the most
prominent preachers In the United
States. There are others who should
be mentioned in this connection.
Mr. B. F. Thomas Writes
His Sentiments of Louisa
The committee asked Mr. B. F.
Thomas, of the United States engineer
service, to make a response to the ad
dress of welcome. He sent a letter
expressing deep regret over not being
able to be present the first day. He
follows this with at tribute that we
imnK is weii worcn puDiismng:
"I went to Louisa 43 years ago and
remained then, except for short Inter
vals for 28 years, and have never
voted anywhere else, even to this day.
I love the town, its people,. Its social
life, its friendly disposition, its busi
ness and educational activities, and
its old-fashioned stand for chrlstan
Ity, and good morals and would be
well content to spend my remaining
days among Its good citixens If I had
congenial employment for my mind
and body. My closest and most . loyal
friends live there and when tne time
comes for me to lay life's burdens .
down I expect to take my final rest .
on top the mountain overlooking that
beautiful little gem Louisa.
I again thank you. and all associat
ed with you, for the Invitation t- -speak,
which is all the more appre
ciated when t remember that I am.
not one of Kentucky's native sons.
B. F. THOMAS.
REV. F. F. SHANNON. ,
Lawrence county has furnished to
tne WTjna one ui auiwiwio
tingulshed preachers and leoturers.Ho
has been pastor of two strong Brook
lyn churchesand was next called to
Chicago where he is pastor of Central
church, one of the largest congrega
tions in the City. !..;- ,
Mr. Shannon has published several
books which have large sales. He lec
tures quite often in variobs parts of
the country. Lawrence county regrets
.very much that he can not attend the
Home Coming. Previous engagements
prevent. - .
He Is perhaps the most widely known
of the Louisa citizens who have gona
out into the world. ;
PICTURES OF CITIZENS.
The NEWS Is glad to produce In. Its
columns this week the pictures of sev
eral citizens, without their knowledge
or consent There are several other"
persons whose pictures. We would have'
procured if we had begun this feature-'
in time. Having the cuts made re
qulres several days, and getting suit
able photographs surrepticlously ls
LONG DISTANCE VISITORS".
Clyde M. Meek is here from Cali
fornia. We have not learned whett'
or not he came for the heme comfl
occasion. If so he cams- further thl
Leo Frank. John Chapman, also, cant
from Florida in a Ford.
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