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Between The Lines ..
TESTING NEGRO LEADERSHIP Our current crop of white Southern leaders never tires tel ling the story of what fine race relations obtained in the South before the NAACP era. They picture an ideal and idyllic state of-being in the South, where both Whites and Negroes were ever at peace, and where there was a race relational calm and tranqui lity akin to that of Grand Pre of which Longfellow wrote genera tions ago. But these Southern leaders never stop to point out what a price the Negro was paying for those imagined fine race re lations. As lon# as the Negro did not press for his rights of suffrage and feigned an indifference to his voting privilege; as long as he did not seek jury duty, as long as he seemed satisfied to let the Whites run the government after the White primary style; as long as the Negro was willingg to accept the “seperate but unequal” doc trine in the matters of education, he was a jolly good fellow. But once the Negro- press for jury duty and for a place in the erst while White primary and once he pressed for a “seperate tout equal” principle in education, trouble be gan to brew. It can be safely said that our current trouble dates back to the time when Negroes really began to press for equal as well as seperate conditions of education. In other words as long as the Negro accepted without protest a condition of the White man’s domination and his own subjuga tion, all was apparently well in the South-as long as the status quo obtained. What has recently been transpiring in the South has been the Negro’s attempt to break 1 away from the status quo in search of another status on a higher level. Today, we find the Old South up in arms to resist the Negro’s effort to gain a high status and as Senator Byrd proposes there will be no Negro advance because if there is a “massive resistance,” the Supreme Court’s decision is not going to become effective. The Negroes are resolved to advance and the Old South is resolved that “they shall not pass’ and so the struggle is on! The brutal fact remains that race relations in the South are terribly strained and the state tension has dangerous implications for both the White and Negro South. It is to be questioned which is the more dangerous, a tranquil Old South with the Negro com pletly subjugated or an Old South in stress and strained with the Negro slowly but surely being liberated. In other words there is something worst than a tense Old South with its Negroes striving to become first rate citizens; it is an Old South complacent with millions of Negro half-citizens. Negro leadership has a strategic role in the current crisis. In his struggle for full citizen ship, the Negro has attained the This man can gtv« you a dependable W delivery of vSjifa Christian science MONITOR Housewives, businessmen, teachers, and students oil over the world rood and en|oy this International newspaper, pub* Ashed doily In Boston. Work*, famous for constructive news •torles and penetrating edltoriols. Special features for the whole Inmlfir m»m*y# Dk OvWiw Scisnce Monitor One Nonray It, Boston IS. Mara. Send your newpopw tor fho time (toftirt Enclosed find my chock or RNREf OrdEf# I year SIS □ S months $8 Q S months $4 Q rae^■■ rsorno ■ Addron (City Zone S»oto ' ••-IS m 4f Dw tertfta B- RasMck ballot and in this has the key to the situation. In the last analysis the issues that are today vex ing must and will be settled at the ballot box. Much of the ado and rancor currently tearing at the vitals of the South are matters of politics and very few of the Negrophotoes’ ailments capnot be cured at the ballot box. It is true that for the most part the South’s rural Negroes are voteless; but more and more the South, like the nation is becoming urban and can become ipowerful balances of power if rightly led by Negroes who care more about the welfare of Negroes than they care about newspaper headlines and popu larity in general. There was never a time when selfessness among Negro leaders would pay greater dividends. For instance, we have a potential vote here in Virginia of over 100,000 which is used as a balance of power vote could influence any election. If Negroes could muster a hundred thousand votes Senator Byrd would never dare to enunci ate hi® “massive ressistance” ap- Deil to the South in an attempt to circumvent the Supreme Court’s decision. If Negroes can be taught to utilized their limited votes as balance of power weatpons, it will become more and more dan gerous politically for our poli ticians to make anti-Negro pro nouncement® from press and platform. It is up to Negro leader ship to train the Negroes to vote for their own protection! The bal lot protest is more effective. HARLEM SOUARE SWEET SHOP 208 N.W. 10th Bt. A FULL LINE OF GROCERIES COLD CUTB, COBMETICB WARE’S SHOE CUNIC CharlM War*, Prop. Wo mond the rip# And pateh tho holoo Build up tho hoolo And mvo tho 00100 EXPERT EMOE REPAIRING i6f N.W. 20th St. Ph. E2-M2S IOIN THE NAACP! FOR FRIENDLY SERVICE Barkley's Cut Rate 1201 N. W. Third Avenue V f, ,< w. Deliver ... Just cell FR 3 9458 or FR 4-2376 LADIES APPAREL fjfistftr a Blouses, large, med, small IJB Girdles I**f «*P Baskets Perfume A Talcum Powder BlinnicS a Complete Line for Ladles Children Candies Panties, slae 4-5*6, 8 pr. 14S p j Bocke. else Bto 11 *2B 4.38 tiaras 3 -piece Baby Set I.BS Gifts A complete line of baby Items Complete Line School Supplies SHOP AT BERKLEY’S EVERY WEEK WHERE PRICES ARE RIGHT 0 1201 N.W. 3rd Awenue • _____ SAGA OF HARLEM PARISH A PLACE OF ADVENTURE, by John H. Johnson. The Seabury Press, 1955. 144 pages. $2.25 This story of the more than four thousand church members ond various other souls who have been influenced by St. Martin’s Church in the Harlem section of New York City is a saga well worth the reading for anyone in terested in dynamic Christianity. The Rev. Dr. John H. Johnson has rendered a great service in the writing of “A Place of Ad venture;” he has shown how a church can nurture Christian life in its community, regardless of the problems that community may be facing. The author gives a truly inspir ing description of life in the most complex area of this country’s most complex city. His con trast between the views of Harlem as seen throujh the eyeis of in terested spectators and as seen by participants in its life throws new light on the situation. Dr. Johnson’s brief sermons, which form a large portion of his book, are typical of the direct, simple manner in which he ap plies sound Christian philosophy to complex and difficult problems. Another section of the book con tains numerous samples of let ters received by Dr. Johnson from residents of Harlem. The warmth of these letters is in dicative of the parishoners’ re liance upon their rector’s sym pathetic understanding, inspira tion, and ability to help them know more of the ways of God and man. Major events in the life of St. Martin’s are dramatically re corded—the visits of the Queen Mother of England, and the Queen of Holland; the congrega tion’s purchase of a fine carillon from Holland; the two great fires that destroyed the edifice, and the phoenix-like rise of a renewed church within the gutted walls. Dr. Johnson, in a kindly vein, has analyzed the Harlem'' com munity and has wisely found the places where St. Martin’s Church could do a fine work for God and for His children who re clustered there. He has brought all the teaching, tradition, liturgy, music, architecture, and inspiration of an ancient Church to meet a modern problem in a complex situation. The book is indeed well named—“A Place of Adventure.” —The Rev. Tollie L. Caution Home Department, The National Council If you are nn unregistered citizen—then you are a sec ond class citizen —by choice J. B. SMITH ELECTRIC SERVICE • Electrical Contractor HOUSEWIRING “Don’t cum - Call ua” PHONE NE 5-3058 Night or day THE MIAMI TIMES—The People.’ Newspaper SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1956 THE DADE COUNTY YOUNG DEMOCRATIC ASSOCIATION PREBENT3 ITB FOURTH ANNUAL Calendar Tea Sunday, April 8, 1956 Four O clock FIESTA ROOM, MARY ELIZABETH HOTEL NOW OPEN T uxedoSeafood Palace P Featuring Shrimp - Fish * Chicken - Steaks HI 6851 N.W. 15th Ave Liberty City M Phone PL 9-9387 3® WM. CHARLES TURNER, Ch«s" Formerly of Brown’s Famous Cornsr When in Need of Better Housing In Modem Apartments PHONE OR CALL Bonded Collection Agency L. L. BROOKS, OWNER A QUARTER OF A CENTURY IN THE FIELD OF RENTING & COLLECTION 1163 N.W. 3rd Ave. Miami, Fla. PHONE FR 3-8416 THE COMMUNITY KINDERGARTEN AND NURSERY ' Offering Best Cm hr Ymr CUU Children from 2% months to 5 years Reasonable Rates - 6:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. FREE PICKUP AND DELIVERY SERVICE with insured vehicle and playground A Staff of Trained Personnel e OPEN YEAR ROUND 5517 Pembroke Road Phone 3-6649 Located west wing of Hunter’s Mansion Hollywood, Fla. JAMES’ S & 10c STORE 1200 N.W. 3rd Avo. Phone FR 3-9481 EASTER GREETINGS Easter Baskets (filled) 18c to $1.94 Easter Cards ...~. 8# up Easter Egg Dye - 104 Easter Grass 104 bag faster Bunnies sl-00 !"5* r le each Easter Flowers .... 104 spray Easter Eggs 14 sacn Girls* Nylen Dresses SI.BB Bocks —— airie’ Cotton Ribbons #eeeee«eee»eeeeeoe«*eeeo X®* Easter Dresses SI.OO Pentlee 8 for SLOO Boys’ Suits $2.88 set Belts * 4 Ladies Nylon Hose .... SO4 pr. Child e Slips - see Ladles Nylon Gloves sl.lO Girls Pocketbook 774 Simplicity Patterns 26c ea. Organdy Materials 48c yd. Store Hours: Mon. thru Fri. 7:45 a.m. to 7:30 p.m* Sat. till 9:30 p.m. - Sun. till noon MONEY ORDERS SOLD EVERY DAY PAGE 7