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Coverage of Catholic News VolJ, No. 2 Sees Need Of Long-Range Social Plan N.C.W.C. Official Addresses Meeting lather Cronin Asks For igorous Action And Mutual Cooperation Racial justice and industrial peace will take vigorous action, Jong-range planning, and working together on the part of all con cerned. So declared the Rev. John F. Cronin, S.S., assistant director of the Social Action department, National Catholic Welfare confer ence, speaking al the Catholic Con ference on Industrial problems sponsored by Bishop Ready in Co lumbus Oct. 9 and 10. Father Cronin was one of more than a dozen speakers who dis cussed social problems from the standpoint of the Church’s teach ing at the two-day sessions. Bishop Ready closed the conference on Oct. 10 by summarizing the discus sions in an address to the final public meeting in the Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. An additional report of the Catholic Conference on Indus trial Problems will appear in next week's CATHOLIC TIMES,. Discussing the problem of dis crimination, Father Cronin sug gested that “First, we should con sider the most important evils, such as job discrimination, inade quate housing and medical care, and inferior educational opportuni ties. Secondly, we should develop short-range and long-range objec tives, depending upon the atti tudes and prejudices in our com munities.” “Over the long range,” he went on. “we would educate people to a complete acceptance of the Chris tian view of their fellow-men. This is particularly a task for the schools and the churches. But in the immediate future we would seek both by education and by law to give to minority groups equal opportunities in the fields of em ployment, housing, medical care, and schooling. We should vigilant ly protect their civil rights.” Father Cronin also recommend ed “vigorous action,” but only on “limited fronts” and with “con stantly enlarging objectives.” “We should try to emphasis vol untary action rather than coer cion.” he said. “But where rights are involved, we should not hesi tate to enforce them by law. when good will efforts fail.” Proposes Industry Councils In industrial relations, also, Fath er Cronin declared, “men accom plish more working together than fighting one another.” That is why we favor labor-management coop eration at the factory level.” he added. “But we would go beyond this,” he continued. “We would like to see organized collaboration be tween labor and business on the broader problems of our economy. We favor councils of both groups in each industry, and on higher levels, to solve problems by self help and common effort, instead of appealing to government to meet all our difficulties.” I High Mass Columbus Day Noonday high Mass will be sung in St. Joseph’s cathedral, Columbus, on Friday, Oct. 12, which marks the fifth centenary of the birth of Christopher Co lumbus. A sermon will follow the Mass. Members of groups taking part in civic observance of Co lumbus Day will attend the 8 o’clock Mass at the cathedral. Bishop Ready has granted a dispensation from the law of ab stinence in the Diocese on Co lumbus Day, it was announced last week. The dispensation per mits Catholics to eat meat on this one Friday. Students Will Hear Role In Mission Work Delegates of High Schools In Diocese To Attend Workshop on Oct. 19th Delegates from all the Catholic high schools in the Columbus dio cese will take part in a mission workshop at St. Joseph's academy. Columbus. Friday, Oct. 19, where they will hear addresses by mis sion leaders and discuss their own role in the missions The Right Rev. Msgr. Edward A Ftrking of Cincinnati, national secretary of the Catholic Students' Mission crusade, will speak to the more than 250 students—two from each home room—on “Thinking with the Church in Mission Work.” Also taking part will be the Rev. Nicholas Maestrini. P.I.M.E., of De troit. veteran China missionary and founder of the Chinese Catholic Truth society, who will moderate a discussion for senior students. He is now superior in the U.S. of the Missionary Fathers of Sts. Peter and Paul. The Rev. James W. Kulp, diocesan director of the So ciety for the Propagation of Faitn, will outline the purposes of the workshop, which is planned to “im part an understanding of the so ciety and of what the Church ex pects of high school students con cerning the missions.” A dialog Mass celebrated by the Rev. Bennett Applegate, acting superintendent of schools, will open the meeting at 10 o'clock in the academy chapel. Student delegates will be provided with leaflet missals, and Father Kulp will direct their responses. After Monsignor Freking's ad dress the students will adjourn to lunch and an informal amateur show staged by some of their mem bers. At 1:30 p. m. there will be four round-table sessions on “How We Can Help the Church with the Mis sions.” These will be: Freshmen Student leaders from St. Mary’s, Marion, and St. Mary’s, Columbus the Rev. R. F. Vollmer, O.P.. of Aquinas, moder ator. (Continued on Page 2) Social Action Leaders v 1I1 pt VH Shown st the Catholic Conference on Industrial Problems held in Columbus Oct. 9 and 10 are, left to right: the Rev. John F. Cronin, Assistant Director of the NCWC Social Action Department Edward Marciniak of Chicago, editor of WORK, published by the Catholic Labor Alliance and the Rev. A. L. Winkler, Diocesan Social Action Director. Deny Bishops ‘Surrendered’ In Hungary' Paris Report Urges Fair Judgment of Events In Hungary Under Reds PARIS (NC)—An interpreta tion of recent events in Hungary as a complete defeat of the Church is a rash and superficial conclu sion, according to an Informed an alysis made here by persons compe tent to judge the situation. In taking an oath of loyalty to the Budapest regime, the Bishops have, perhaps, given the commun ist rulers a pretext for exacting further manifestations in favor of the regime, these persons stated. But, they explained, by taking the oath the Bishops have in nn way pledged themselves to fall short of their duties or to renounce any point of Catholic doctrine. Communist propaganda that the Bishops have “surrendered” to the government may be given cre dence. or at least cause confusion, in other countries. But it has not deceived the Hungarian faithful, these persons emphasized. Rather it has increased their horror for a regime which has caused their spir itual shepherds such anguish and sorrow. These informed sources attach little credence to the statements and articles allegedly issued re cently by members of the Hungari an Hierarchy and highly publicized by the regime. The alleged state ments all supported the aims of the regime. Bishops Isolated There is good reason to doubt the authenticity of these state ments and articles, the sources here stated. The Hungarian Bish ops are now isolated in their resi dences and therefore it is impos sible for them to deny any state ments falsely attributed to them. The analysts here also threw more light on the oath-taking cere mony wh'ch puzzled the free world for a time. It was empnasized that there is nothing contrary to Catholic doc trine in taking an oath of loyalty to an existing authority. In fact, the Holy See often gives express permission for oaths of fidelity in some of its Concordats. It has al ways been Catholic teaching that respect must be shown for the au thority of the state and that its laws must be obeyed, provided, of course, that they do not command anything opposed to the law of God. Against this background, these sources pointed out, it is not so unusual that the Hungarian Bish ops should take an oath of loyalty. (Continued on Page 2) Holy Name Me For His Deni By William E. Ring DETROIT—(NC)—U.S. Supreme Court Justice Fred M. Vinson was criticized soundly in a resolution adopted at the fifth national Holy Name Society convention here for his widely quoted statement, "Nothing is more certain in mod ern society than the principle that there are no absolutes ... all concepts are relative.” The resolution cited the premise that "no good has ever been pro duced by thought which has fol Icved the easiest and pragmatic, but only by that philosophy which recognized an absolute norm of truth and justice in the combined keystones of Divine Law and right reason.” The resolution also assert ed that "it is the duty of those who worship God and who follow His l~w in obedient submission to chal lenge false teachers and false teachings, however lofty or lowly tleir station.” 60,000 at Holy Hour Sixty thousand voices of men, women and children thundered the familiar “Holy God We Praise Thy Name” of the Te Deum out of the murky vastness of Briggs Stadium here, providing a crescendo for the fifth national Ho'.v Name conven tion. This point was reached at the closing and impressi' e candlelight Holy Hour, over wh ch His Emin ence Edward Cardinal Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit, presided. The Cardinal officiated at Bene diction of the Most Blessed Sacra ment. On the following day the conven tion faded into history with the colorful spectacle of a mammoth parade. Eighty thousand men of the United States and Canada marched 15 abreast along the two- Bishop Is Speaker At School Dedication Bishop Ready will be in Pitts burgh Sunday, October 14, to speak at the dedication of the new Sacred Heart High School. Last Sunday the Bishop spoke al the dedication of Our Lady of the Peace church in Cleveland. He re turned there on Tuesday, October 9. for the Mass honoring Archbish op Hoban, who was recently given the personal title of .“Archbishop” by Pope Pius XII. The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, October 12, 1951 Fate of Korea issi o na ries Still a Mvsterv •f No Word From Priests and Nun* Taken Last Year By Korean Communist* By Rev. Patrick O'Connor SEOUL (NC) One year ago the North Korean communists put 38 foreign civilian prisoners, in cluding some priests and nuns, on a train at Maram-ni, a village sev en miles north of Pyongyang. The train went north to Manpojin, on the south side of the Yalu river that divides Korea from Manchuria. The prisoners were unloaded there. Others, reportedly, were sent in the same direction later. The world is waiting for the North Korean government to tell what it has done with them since. The North Koreans have never given out any information about these prisoners. The general out line of what happened to them in the first months of their captivity is known, however. The communists arrested every non-Oriental national they fund in South Korea, irrespective of diplo matic status, occupation, national ity, age, sex or infirmity. The to tal was about 70. It included 31 Catholic and 10 non-Catholic for eign missionaries. Delegate Taken Among the Catholics were the Apostolic Delegate to Korea. Bish op Patrick J. Byrne. Washington born Maryknoller his secretary, the Rev. William Booth, M. M., of Rockville Centre, N. Y., and two of the five Ordinaries in South Korea. Msgr. Thomas Quinlan, from Tipperary, Ireland, Prefect Apostolic of Chunchon. and Msgr. Patrick T. Brennan from Chicago, Prefect Apostolic of Kwangju, both Columbans. Seven other Columbans were taken, of whom two were killed in their own mission districts. Thirteen French priests of the Paris Foreign Missions were tak en. four in Seoul and nine in Tae jon. Among them were 81-year-old Father Paul Villemot, who had la bored for 58 years in Korea, and two brothers. Fathers Antoine and Julien Gombert, aged 75 and 73. hoth of whom had spent 50 years in Korea. Five Carmelite nuns were ar rested. two Belgians and three French. Two French Sisters of St. Paul of Chartres were taken from their orphanage, the oldest in Korea. One of these, Mother Be atrice, was 76 years old and had spent most of her life caring for Korean children. (Continued on Page 2) n Score Vinson a 1 of Absolute mile route through gaily decorated downtown Detroit streets. More than half a million persons watch ed along the line of march. The parade began at noon and lasted al most to dusk. From all quarters it was hailed as the greatest dem onstration of faith in Detroit’s 250 year history. The Cardinal with a color guard and an entourage of Bishops led the parade as far as the reviewing stand, where he took the salutes of wave after wave of marchers. In the stand with him were Bishops Joseph H. Albers of Lansing Ste phen J. Woznicki of Saginaw Fran cis J. Haas of Grand Rapids Thom as L. Noa of Marquette Allen J. (Continued on Page 2) —---------------o------------------- Requiem Mass For Father of Rev. Charles A. Curran Solemn requiem Mass was sung Oct. 6 in Holy Cross church, Co lumbus for Michael Curran by his son. the Rev. Charles A. Curran, of the faculty of St. Charles’ semin ary. Bishop Ready officiated at the final absolution after the Mass. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Linus Dury, pastor of St. Nicholas' church, Zanesville. A former Pennsylvania railroad machinist, Mr. Curran died in Mercy hospital Oct. 4 at the age of 70. Born in Longford county, Ire land, he came to Columbus in 1922. Surviving him, in addition to Father Curran, are his wife. Mrs. Marie Curran, two sons. William J. of Lima, and Joseph J. of Co lumbus and two grandchildren. Burial was in St. Joseph’s ceme tery. Slate Mission Broadcasts Bishop Fulton J. Sheen will be heard in two 15-minute Mis sion Sunday messages over Sta tion WHKC, Columbus, it was announced this week. The transcribed programs will be broadcast at 7:15 p, m. on Thursday and Friday, Oct. 18 and 19. At Famed Columbus Shrine Columbus Day, October 12, takes on an added significance in 1951, ♦he 5th centenary of the birth of the Great Navigator. Pictured is the altar in the monastery of La Rabida, in Spain, where Christopher Columbus prayed before setting out on his voyage of discovery. Here he lived for a time and the friary interceded at court in his behalf. Mathilde Fontova, a Trans World Airlines hostess, kneels before the made altar. (NC Photos) Bishop Cites St. Joan of Arc As Model For Catholic Women Tells Delegates To DCCW Convention. "Put God First’ Council Reports Past Year's Achievements Put God first in every work. Bishop Ready exhorted members of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women in his address to them at the conclusion of their sixth annual convention held at the Neil House, Columbus, Oct. 2. Quoting St. Joan of Arc’s motto. “Let God be first served!" he urged the women to be “other Joans ”, dedicated to the service of God. The Bishop also opened the convention by celebrating Pontifical high Mass in St Joseph’s cathedral at 9 o’clock. The Most Rev. Emmet M. Walsh. Coadjutor Bishop of Youngstown, preached the sermon. s. Delegates to the convention approved reports nf the deanery presidents and diocesan chairmen--reports that formed a 16-page doc ument of the diocesan council’s achievements and progress in the past year. The Bishop expressed his grat itude to all concerned with the activities of the council and said he was “delighted with the progress of this work of lay organ izations throughout the diocese.” Citing St. Joan of Arc as a model for women, he pointed out that she “put first things first,” and suggested that her motto should be the motto of every Catholic woman: “Let God be first served!” In the consciousness that we are serving God, he said, lies the joy of living. “Translate this into your daily lives,” he added, “and there will be no drudgery.” He admitted that the average woman is not called to the dra matic task of defending a king or saving a nation, as Joan was, but rather to the all-important one of showing in the midst of family life an unquenchable love for God. He asked the women to rededi cate themselves to “the work you are doing.” and to “identify the activity of your parish with the work of the Church.” Pointing to the secularistic in fluences in the world, he encour aged the women to “let God be first served in your community.” This means supporting the work of Christian education, he explain ed, and “vocal condemnation of malicious, vile and sinful influ ences.” He urged them not to be dis turbed by the “slanderous attacks” on parochial schools but rather to feel sorry for men who fear citi zens trained in the law of God. The Bishop emphasized the im portance of organization. “A single voice is an unheard voice." he de clared, “but the voice of thousands will be heard.” A Reporting for the diocesan coun cil’s religious activities committee. Miss Mary Boland, chairman, listed 14 retreat groups with a total at tendance of 297 9 Days of Recol lection attended by a total of 610 54 study groups with a total of 694 members a total of 2.992 members of the League of the Sacred Heart, and 279 enthronements in homes of the Sacred Heart. Other statistics of the commit tee’s report included: 2,811 hours of adoration and reparation before the Blessed Sacrament 19.267 fam ily Rosaries 41.353 Rosaries for Russia “large to medium” attend ance at First Saturday devotions prayers and offerings in all dean eries for religious vocations 4.250 taking part in monthly group Com munion: and participation in the work of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. The committee also obtained pamphlets and pamphlet racks for churches, subscribed to the di ocesan paper for public libraries, collected religious articles for mis sionaries, arranged tours of the Pilgrim Virgin statue, organized sanctuary guilds, and performed other works throughout the di ocese. The Committee Cooperating with Catholic Charities, of whicL Mrs. David B. Towell is diocesan chair man. reported 255.232 hours of vol unteer service. Among the activities of the com mittee’s members were: volunteer service to the Catholic Welfare bu reau service on community wel fare boards visits to the sick and the aged at home, in hospitals, and in convalescent homes visiting (Continued on Page 2) CYO Officials Will Take Part In Youth o u More than a score of delegates from the Columbus diocese, includ ing 11 CYO officials, will take part in the first National Catholic Youth Council sessions at Cincin nati Oct. 11 to 14. Monsignor Joseph E. Schieder, director of the Youth Department, National Catholic Welfare Confer ence, is general chairman of the National Catholic Youth Council. Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincin nati will open the sessions Oct. 11 with solemn Pontifical Mass and act as host to the meetings. Among the chief speakers at the meeting of the youth council and the Third National Catholic Youth conference, also to take place in Cincinnati next week will be Maj. Gen. John M. Devine, Chief of the Armed Forces Information and Ed ucation branch, and Dr. William Conley, vice president of Seton Hall university. The Rev. Vincent Mooney. Dmce san Youth director, will take part in ncil Sessions the sessions of the youth confer ence. CYO officials, all of Columbus, attending the Youth Council meet ings will be: Miss Ellen Marzolf, St. Michael’s parish, diocesan president Miss Mary Kay Ruddy, Our Lady of Vic tory Parish, Central Deanery vice president William Allen of Holy Name parish, member-at-large on the diocesan board Miss Ruth Ann Heider of St. John Evangelist par ish, central deanery vice presi dent Miss Helen Ann Fox of St. John Evangelist parish, member at-large of the diocesan board Miss Virginia Speakman of St. Mary’s parish, diocesan cultural chairman Miss Viola Ricci of St. Catharine’s parish, central deanery cultural chairman. Mr. Allen is scheduled to ad dress a general business session of the National Youth council Oct. 13 on the advantages of a diocesan youth council The Bishop stressed the Pope's appeal “for prayers and sacrifices fl 'QUAE SUNT To the Reverend Clergy, Diocesan end Regular, To the Member* of the Religious Communities. And to the Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus. My beloved Brethren: •’We Are Easily Satisfied With The Best** Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Yeer Renew Zeal For Missions Pope Urges Bishop Asks Generosity of Faithful On Mission Sun Jay. October 21 Renewed zeal for the Church’s missions was asked by Pope Pius this week and by Bishop Ready in a pastoral letter announcing the des ignation by the Holy Father of Oc tober 21 as Mission Sunday. At the same time the Bishop requested “continued support” of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, through whose local office at 246 E. Town street, Columbus, dona tions by the people of the Colum bus diocese are channeled to mis sion projects at home and abroad. on behalf of the missionary church." and expressed confidence that the Holy Father’s request would “receive a whole-hearted and generous response from the good people of this Diocese.” He also commended the “extra ordinary growth of a truly Cath olic mission spirit in our schools.M pointing out that “the Sisters in our schools, the Reverend Pastors, and our beloved youth are insur ing the prosperity of a missionary spirit in the Church of Columbus.” The text of the Bishop's letter follows: Our Holy Father, Pope Piu* XII, has designated October 21st as Mission Sunday throughout the Catholic world. Hi* constant solid' tude for the conversion of souls moves the Sovereign Pontiff to ap peal each year in this manner for prayer* and sacrifice* on behalf of the missionary church. The fervent Catholic is mission-minded. From his earliest train ing he learns of the heroic priests and religious who preach the Gospel of Christ in the mission fields at home and in foreign coun tries. From childhood the Catholic has been taught the necessity of giving alms for the support of our missionaries. He welcomes all opportunities to aid the home and foreign missions, because in this manner he can express to Almighty God his gratitude for the Faith and membership in the one true Church of Christ. We are confident then that the appeal of our Holy Father will receive a wholehearted and generous response from the good people of this Diocese. Pope Piu* XII looks especially to the Catholics in America. He has expressed his gratitude for the wonderful mission spirit of our country and he now pleads that we carry on and even add to its fervor. Today we behold the sad spectacle of once-thriving mission fields of China and the Far-East under the domination of the enemies of Christ and His Church. Whole mission area* have suffered perse cution. The saving labors ef missionaries have been susoended. Mod ern martyrs have in our day shed their blood for the Faith. On the other hand, Pope Piu* XII has just recently called the attention of the whole world to the great growth of the Church throughout Africa and India. Thu* we see history repeating itself. Smothered and al most extinguished in one area, the flame of Christian truth is car ried into other fields by intrepid missionary priests and nuns. In connection with Missionary Sunday, I am anxious that all the Faithful of this Diocese recognize the importance of cooperating with the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, which is the official mission-aid society set up by the Sovereign Pontiffs for the assistance of all missions. Father James Kulp is the Diocesan Direc tor of the Society with headquarters at 246 East Town Street, Colum bus, 15. It is the responsibility of Father Kulp to channel all alm* and donations given by our people to the many important mission projects both at home and in foreign fields. Through our Diocesan office, missionaries have been aided, particularly through member ship dues, donation*. Mass offerings and gifts in kind which are sent to the Diocesan Mission Office. I ask for your continued support of this work. The extraordinary growth of a truly Catholic mission spirit in our schools calls for special commendation. The Sisters teaching in our schools, the Reverend Pastors, and our beloved youth are insuring the prosperity of a missionary spirit in this Church of Columbus. On Mission Sunday we will be united in prayer and almsgiving for this noble cause of spreading Christ's Kingdom on earth. With my blessing. An urgent appeal for foster homes where uprooted children can enjoy the advantages of family life was sounded last week by William L. Schmidt, president of the Cath olic Welfare bureau's advisory board, before the Catholic Men’s Luncheon club. He spoke at the club’s second meeting on Oct. 5 in the Virginia hotel, Columbus Copies of a 12-page booklet pub lished earlier in the week by the Catholic Welfare bureau to drama tize its search for families willing to board foster children were dis tributed at the meeting. “There is no more admirable work of charity,” declared Mr. Schmidt, “than to provide homes for helpless and dependent chil dren. and the need for these homes is great.” He pointed out that the Catholic Welfare bureau prefers to place children in foster homes rather than in institutions, wherever pos sible. It is believed,” he said, “that in most cases children ben efit from growing up in a home at mosphere and develop normal ad vantages which they cannot pos sibly receive in an institution.” “Here is an opportunity," he told the men. “to assist the work of the bureau by helping to find foster homes.” October 9, 1951 Devotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY Bishop of Columbus Men Asked To Help Welfare Bureau Find Foster Homes The booklet tells the story of “some unhappy children” who needed homes “but there was no one to take them in.” “At the same time.” it goes on, “there were many good people who would have helped make these chil dren happy, but they did not know “If they had taken a child as a guests into their home,” the book let concludes, “they would have re ceived the unlijnited blessings of our Heavenly Father, under the patronage of His own Foster Fa ther, St. Joseph—and all the love and satisfaction that little hearts can give—and the payment of the foster children’s medical, dental, school, and clothing expenses, plus a regular amount each month to pay for the cost of food and shel ter.” Mr. Schmidt suggested that in terested persons visit the Catholic Welfare bureau at 246 East Town street, Columbus, or telephone MAin 5891. Speaker at the next meeting of the Catholic Men's Luncheon club, to be held Nov. 2 in the Virginia hotel, will be the Rev. James Mc Ewan, chaplain of the Newman club at Ohio State university.