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Coverage of Catholic News Vol. I, No. 3 Help United Fund Drive, Bish o Asks Urges Pastors and People To Give Generously To Loral Campaign Bishop Ready urged the pastors •nd faithful of the diocese to sup port the “United Appeals” cam paign "with that generous charit able spirit which characterizes the true follower of Jesus Christ”, in a letter to the pastors this week. The combined fund-raising cam paign will open in the city next Monday, October 22. The United Appeals takes the place of the in dividual campaigns of the Com munity Chest, the Red Cross, the American Cancer Society the Cen tral Ohio Heart Association and the United Defense Fund (USO). It is designed to conserve the time and energy of the workers who have been called upon to solicit for the several campaigns, and to raise at this one time in the year the funds necessary to carry on the important work of all these organ izations. Noting that the campaign's goal of $2,154,780.00 is the largest con tribution sought for the support of charitable and welfare work in the city of Columbus, the Bishop said its success “demands the whole hearted effort and generous co operation of every citizen of this community.” i “Since this is not an ordinary campaign,” he wrote, “we cannot be satisfied with an ordinary re sponse. Certainly we may not view the welfare needs of our commun ity with complacency. Someone suffers if we do not give our full share to the United Appeal.” Speaking of the nature and im portance of the campaign, the Bishop declared: “All of us are concerned that the welfare work of the community be well directed and efficiently conducted. All of us are interested in conserving the time of the people who work on the campaigns. Most of all, we should be concerned in that the poor and needy, the suffering and the dependent shall have their needs met in a charitable and kind ly way.” The Bishop emphasized the mo tive of Christian charity which should direct the response to the appeal. He warned that our efforts “should not degenerate into some form of humanitarian compassion that forgets the Christian virtue of Charity. This would be a shadow of the reality.” Citing Christian tradition, the Bishop reminded all that Charity signifies that “pure and sincere love of God which disposes man to God’s vbill in all things and to give that vital and practical expression of Christian solidarity that gov erns all man's relations with his fellowmen.” --------------_o----------------- Two Prelates Are Taken By Chinese Reds TOKYO—(NC)—Two new mem bers of the Hierarchy and two more priests have been arrested by the Chinese Reds, it became known here. The Legion of Mary has been outlawed in Shanghai. Msgr. Gustave Prevost of the Quebec Foreign Mission society Prefect Apostolic of Lintung, Man churia, w'as arrested in Shanghai at two in the morning on Octo ber 4. Msgr. Gabriel Quint, French born Franciscan and Prefect Apos tolic of Weilhaiwei, Shantung prov ince, was arrested in Shanghai the following day. Both Monsignors have been in Shanghai for some time. They were not permitted to go to their prefectures. The two priests arrested, ac cording to information reaching here are the Revs. Michele Suppo and Marius Cuomo, Italian Sales ians attached to the Don Bosco middle school in Shanghai. They were arrested on September 22 be cause of their connection with Le gion of Mary work at the school. The decree outlawing the Le gion of Mary in Shanghai was is sued by the communist Military Control Council of that city and published in Shanghai's Liberation Daily. To Air Mission Talks Radio broadcasts in this area will underscore Mission Sun day as an American Catholic tradition. Francis Cardinal Spellman will speak on Mission Sunday, Oct. 21, at 4.15 p. m. on Columbus WBNS. In prepar ation for Mission Sunday, Bish op Fulton J. Sheen, national di rector of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, will give an address to be broad cast over Zanesville WHIZ, Portsmouth WPAY and Marion WMRN announcement of the broadcast time will be made in local parish bulletins. Racial Justice, Labor Peace Stressed At Conference Here Bishop Scores Godless Schools As Bar To Social Progress FEPC Legislation Urged Unless American youth is taught the fundamental concepts of hon esty and decency, there is no hope of a better world, Bishop Ready declared Oct. 10 at the final public session of the two-day Catholic Conference on Industrial Problems in Columbus. The citizens of this country should be struck with horror, the Bishop declared, at, the fact that millions of young people are de prived of religion in education. Admitting that scientific achieve ments have made life easier. Bish op Ready pointed out that this is not the whole reason of men’s lives. Men are created to be saints, he said, and that means they must be virtuous—that they must treat one another with justice and charity. The vocabulary of science, he added, has no such words as “hon esty” and “decency". Men will not learn these concepts on any other basis or in any other reference than religion, he said. Bishop Ready also cited the tre mendous importance of the con ference, which included discussions of social problems for priests, teachers, high school students, and the public, directed by leaders of Church, government, labor, and management groups. If we have pushed this frontier of decency in human life just a lit tle farther, he said, we have ac complished a great deal. Urges Positive Approach At the same session the Rev. John F. Cronin, S.S., assistant di rector of the Social Action De partment, National Catholic Wel fare Conference, suggested that men concerned with labor-manage ment relations should “accentuate the positive.” “I don’t think we should blind ourselves to the real progress that has been made in recent years,” he said. In the field of race discrimina tion Father Cronin proposed that major problems such as jobs and housing be given “high priority.” “Don’t try to do everything at once,” he said, “or you will succeed in doing nothing at all.” FEPC Law Needed A strong appeal for Fair Em ployment Practices legislation was made by William Oliver, of Detroit. United Auto Workers official, who spoke on “The Responsibility of Labor.” “Since we have been unable to create a climate in which a man or woman can get a job without re spect to his race, creed, or color,” Mr. Oliver declared, “our only re course is to achieve this climate by law.” Admitting that “you can’t legis late prejudice out of existence,” Mr. Oliver expressed the convic tion that “you can legislate against the manifestations of prejudice." Jack Reade, Ohio Bell Telephone company plant supervisor in Co lumbus, said it was necessary for management to be “honest, fair, understanding, and considerate without regard to the creed, race, color, or national origin of its em ployees.” Scores Injustices Speaking at a public session of the conference on Oct. 9, the Rev. Augustine L. Winkler, Diocesan Social Action director, declared that “laws are needed to correct the injustices of discrimination based upon race.” At the same session Edward Marciniak of Chicago, editor of the Catholic Labor Alliance’s monthly publication, Work, pointed out a number of roadblocks in the way of labor-management relations in the U. S., and Chester J. Gray, area supervisor of minority groups serv ices, Ohio State Employment Serv ice, scored the “high cost of em ployment discrimination to the lo cal community.” Admitting that “progress has been made,” Father Winkler de clared that “there still are people who deny fellow human beings ac cess to the necessities of life be cause of color or creed.” “If the only way to correct this injustice,” he said, “is by legisla tion—and it seems to be the only way—then it is our duty as Chris tians to support such measures. Otherwise we are compromising our moral principles and substi tuting expediency.” Prejudice Is Costly Discussing the cost of employ ment discrimination. Mr. Gray de clared that “there are not enough dollars in the world today to pay the price of the demoralization of the American who feels he is de (Continued on Page 2) Hope for Eastern Church Seen In New Byzantine Seminary PITTSBURGH (NC) Solemn dedication of the Byzantine Cath olic Seminary of SS. Cyril & Meth odius. from whose classrooms one day priests may go out to re-estab lish the Kingdom of Christ in areas of Red-dominated Czechoslo vakia and Hungary, was held here October 18. Over 20 Archbishops and Bi shops of both Latin and Byzanine Rites from the United States and Canada, and several Abbots at tended. The Divine Liturgy of So lemn Dedication was offered at an outdoor sanctuary immediate ly behind the seminary chapel by Bishop Daniel Ivancho, Ordinary ot the Pittsburgh Greek Rite Di ocese, Bishop John F. Dearden of Pittsburgh delivered the sermon. With its own superiors and pro fessors appointed from among its own diocesan clergy, the new sem inary is believed to be the only institution of its kind in the world. It will serve the 300,000 mem bers of the Pittsburgh Byzantine Rite Catholic Diocese, which at present has 191 priests. These people are largely second and third generation Americans whose immediate ancestors came to the United States from their native homelands south of the Carpathian Mountains in what was once the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and later became the eastern part of Czechoslovakia. The Diocese includes some 20, 000 Hungarians, 3,000 Croatians, and a few thousands of Slovak descent, but the bulk of its mem bers come from stock that is var iously known as Ruthenian, or Ru sin, or Carpatho-Russian. They are united with the Holy Roman Cath olic See, and in matters of faith and morals are organically one with the Roman Catholic Church. At the same time they are attach ed to their own time-honored li turgical customs and the Holy Ro man See wants them to remain loyal to their own rite, the Byzan tine-Slavonic Rite, sometimes re ferred to as the Eastern Rite or the Greek Rite. Hence the term, “Greek Catholic.” Liturgical forms of the religious w rship of these “Byzantine-Sla vonic Catholic” people are more ancient than the Western, or La tin Rite. Their rite originated in Byzantium, which during ths first centuries of the Christian era was the seat of Christian culture. This explains the term Byzantine. Later this city was renamed Constantinople in honor of the Emperor Constantine, who first gave civic freedom to the Chris tian church. In the ninth century two mis sionary priests, Cyril and Meth odius, at the invitation of Prince Rostislav of the Slavic people of the region of Moravia and Pan (Continued on Page 2) Mission Workshop Planners I V Senior delegates from Holy Family high school, Columbus, are shown preparing for the Catholic Students' Mission Crusade workshop which will take place Friday, Oct. 19, at St. Joseph's academy, Colum bus. They are, left to right, Kenneth Schmidt, Ruby Factor, Barbara Matunis, Sister Mary Neri, R.S.M., Mission Moderator, and Paul Ruba due. Two delegates from each high school homeroom will take part in the discussions. The Right Rev. Msgr. Edward A. Freking, na tional secretary of the CSMC, will deliver the principal address. Chairman of the workshop will be the Rev. James W. Kulp, Diocesan Diractor of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, October 19, 1951 New Catholic Youth Group Established 25 Delegates From Diocese Take Part In Meeting Of New Organization A new, nation-wide organization of Catholic youth dedicated to Christ the King was formed in Cincinnati last week when several hundred delegates fron youth groups throughout the country including 25 from Columbus Dio cese—established the National Fed eration of Diocesan Youth Coun cils. The Federation, together with the existing National Federation of Catholic College Students and the Newman Club Federation, becomes a part of the new National Council of Catholic Youth, a coordinating body with headquarters at the Na tional Catholic Welfare Confer ence in Washington. The three-day convention in Cincinnati marked the first national session of the NCCY. William Stuart of Newark, N.J., was elected president of the new federation, and acting chairman of the NCCY as well. Other federa tion officers elected at the three day convention were: Eugene Ir win of San Antonio, vice president Patricia McNelis of Indianapolis, secretary, and Frederick Hineman of Little Rock, treasurer. The federation adopted a con stitution outlining the following aims: 1) To promote an approved council plan of operation within the framework of diocesan Cath olic youth organizations 2) To act as a center of infor mation and a medium of exchange of information on youth affairs 3) To represent its members in national and internationa1 affairs 4) To coordinate the four fold program of spiritual, cultural, so cial, and physical activities at the parish, deanery, and diocesan lev els and 5) To further the lay apostolate of Holy Mother Church by means of observation, discussion, and ac tion. The Columbus delegation to the youth meeting, which opened Oct. 11, was the second largest, Miss Rita Jane Bighouse, Diocesan Sec retary-treasurer of the CYC, re ported. Miss Bighouse called the con vention a “thrilling experience,” and said that much was accom plished in the three days. Among the resolutions adopted by the group, she said, was a sug gestion to offer a prayer after each Confession for the priests of the world. Additional plans of the federa tion and the council will be dis cussed at a meeting of the federa tion's Ohio region to be held next spring. The Cincinnati convention mark ed the realization ot a plan for a National Catholic Youth Council recommended by the Administra tive Board of the National Catholic Welfare Conference in 1938. A MINK NEWSPAPER DIVISION OHIO VTAT® MUSEUM COLUM3US 10 OHIO C1 Evils Hidden By Trickery Says Prelate Bishop Mussio Preaches At Bestowal of Title On Archbishop Hoban 'CLEVELAND—(NC) The trick of hiding godless ideas under Christian labels has sold the Ameri can people divorce, birth control, and other evils, Bishop John King Mussio of Steubenville declared here last week. He preached the sermon at a Mass of Thanksgiving celebrating the bestowal of the per sonal title of Archbishop upon the Bishop of Cleveland, the Most Rev. Edward F. Hoban. But, Bishop Mussio added, it is equally true that the people are not being tricked today by the fruits of such trickery. “They see quite clearly that the fruit of all this gibberish of mod ern secularism is evil and de structive of the best that is in man,” Bishop Mussio pointed out. Twelve prelates including Bish op Ready joined Archbishop Ho ban and Catholics of the diocese in celebration of the bestowal of (Continued on Page 2) Official Reverend and dear Father: Cemetery Sunday will be observed this year in the Diocese of Co lumbus on the Feast of Christ the King. October 28. The ceremonies commemorating the Souls of the Faithful Departed will be celebrated both in Saint Joseph and Mt. Calvary Cemeteries beginning at three o’clock. His Excellency, the Most Reverend Michael J. Ready, will preside at the function in Saint Joseph Cemetery His Excellency the Most Reverend Edward G. Hettinger at Mt. Calvary. We commend similar devotions in the Parish Cemeteries through out the Diocese and request Pastors to make suitable arrangements for such pious exercises. TLv following ministers are hereby appointed for Cemetery Sun day. SAINT JOSEPH CEMETERY Deacon: Father Leo Brehm Subdeacon: Father Francis Riehl Cross Bearer: Father Robert O’Brien Acolytes: Father James Geiger Father William McEwan Thurifer: Father John Van de Paer Holy Water Father George Marzluf Book Bearer: Father William Patterson Candle Bearer: Father Robert Noon Master of Ceremonies: Monsignor Roland Winel The Josephinum Choir has been assigned to Saint Joseph Ceme tery, MOUNT CALVARY CEMETERY Deacon: Father John P. Byrne Subdeacon: Father Raymond Bauschard Cross Bearer: Father William Connor Acolytes: Father Robert Klee Father Richard Dodd Thurifer: Father Leo Van Everbroek Holy Water: Father Arthur Dimond Master of Ceremonies: Father James Carroll The Saint Charles Seminary Choir has been assigned to Mt. Calvary Cemetery. A suitable announcement of these ceremonies should be made at all the Masses on Sunday, October 21, and again on Cemetery Sunday, October 28. Pastors should urge their people to participate in these pious exercises for the eternal repose of their departed brethren in the peace of Christ. By order of the Most Reverend Bishop. Sincerely yours in Christ, FRANCIS J. SC HW END EM AN’ Chancellor October 17, 1951 Priests Of Three Races Confer On Negro Welfare Bishop Ready is shown after the solemn Mass at which he presided in St. Dominic's church, Columbus, Oct. 10, opening the fall meeting of the Midwest Clergy conference on Negro Welfare. Flanking him are the Rev. Allen Simpson of Kent, Ohio (left), celebrant of the Mass and the Rev. Camillus Sugihara of South Korea, sub-deacon. Also shown are, left to right, the Right Rev. Msgr. Patrick J. Killgallen of Co lumbus, assistant priest (lower) the Rev. Werner Verhoff, C.PP.S., of Cleveland, deacon of honor the Rev. Gerard Evers of Cincinnati, deacon the Rev. Julian Schaefer of Lancaster, who preached the ser mon the Rev. Albert D'Huyvetter, C.I.M.C., administrator of St. Dominic's and host to the convention the Rev. Leonard Cunningham, C.S.Sp., of Detroit, deacon of honor and the Right Rev. Msgr. Gladstone Wilson, chancellor of the Diocese of Kingston, Jamaica, B.W.I. Pope Sate “Miracle of Sun' Four Tinies, Cardinal Says VATICAN CITY (NC) His Holiness Pope Pius XII saw Fa tima’s “miracle of the sun” four times during the Holy Year, His Eminence Federico Cardinal Tede schini. Papal Legate to the Fatima celebrations, stated according to the text of his address printed in Osservatore Romano, Vatican City daily here. The Cardinal spoke during the solemn Pontifical Mass at Fatima marking the closing of the Holy Year outside Rome and the 34th anniversary of the final apparition of the Blessed Virgin at Fatima. According to Osservatore. Car dinal Tedeschini said he made the revelation "in my own name only.” He stated that the Holy Father saw the miracle on October 30 and 31, and on November 1 and 8. The miracle of the sun first oc curred on October 13, 1917, when a crowd of 70,000 gathered at Fa tima saw the sun spin crazily to ward the earth and then return to its place. Cardinal Tedeschini's revelation was made in the following words: “And nevertheless I tell you— hut in my name only, and I tell it to my new and old Portuguese friends and to the pilgrims united with them—an even more wonder ful thing. “I tell you that another person has seen this miracle. He has seen it far from Fatima He has seen it at a distance of years. He has seen it at Rome. The Pope, our own Pontiff Pius XII, has seen it! “Was this a reward? Was this a sign of sovereign divine pleasure for the definition of the dogma of the Assumption? Was this a heav enly testimony authenticating the wonders of Fatima with the center, with the head of Catholic truth and teaching authority? It was all three together.' “It w’as at four in the afternoon on October 30 and 31. and on No vember 1 of last year. 1950. and on the octave of November 1. the day of the definition of Mary’s Assump tion into Heaven. From the Vat ican gardens the Holy Father turn ed his gaze toward the sun and there betcre his eyes the wonder of this valley and this day was re newed. “The sun's disc was surrounded by halos. Who could gaze upon it? But he could! On all four days he was able to gaze upon the activity of the sun. Under the hand of Mary, the sun. agitated and entire ly convulsed, was transformed into a picture of life, into a spectacle of heavenly movements, into a trans mission of mute but eloquent mes sages to the Vicar of Christ. “Is this not Fatima transported to the Vatican? Is this not the Vatican transformed into Fatima? Share of School Funds Right Of Catholics, Bishop Insists PITTSBURGH. Pa. (NC) Since the Church’s own system of parish and central schools is sup plementary to and not in conflict with the state system, Catholics have a claim in justice to a pro portional share of the common funds allocated by the state for the purpose of education. Bishop Michael J. Ready of Co lumbus made this statement in a sermon at the dedication of the new $750,000 Sacred Heart High School here, at which Bishop John F. Dearden of Pittsburgh officiated. Non-Catholics usually cannot un derstand why Catholics, for con science sake, assume the burden of maintaining a special system of education. Bishop Ready said. Some, he added, are hostile to the Catholic position and resent their schools as intruders upon the American scene. “Confusion on all those points has been, and continues to be, the source of misunderstanding and of injustice.” the Bishop continued. “It is the manifest duty of us all to labor constantly to clear away this confusion. It is also the duty of us all to understand the fairness and justice of the Catholic position and to miss no chance of explain ing it to our neighbors and friends.” Catholics forego none of their rights when they set up their own schools. Bishop Ready, who is Epis copal Chairman of the Press De partment of N.C.W.C., stressed. “Catholics are citizens and tax payers, claiming no exemption from school taxes and receiving no rebate or remission of such tax es.” the Bishop declared. “Catholic citizens, young or old, have and retain their common civic right to all or part of the benefits and serv- ices which the state-school system provides. Moreover, since their own sys tem of parish and central schools is supplementary to and not in con flict with the state system. Catho lics have a claim in justice to a proportional share of the common funds allocated by the state for purposes of education. The recent decision of the United States Su preme Court in the famous McCol lum case stops the progress of jus tice presently and equivalently establishes irreligion in our coun try. Such an unjust prescription of religion cannot stand if our citi zens honestly intend to preserve our national institutions of free dom and human dignity. Tyranny can flourish without religion, but democracy cannot. “Catholics have a manifest claim, by all laws and precedents of true justice and real democracy, to the benefits and services procured for citizens generally by public taxes. Whether these benefits and servic es take the form of textbooks or bus rides, of school lunches or health care, they are values sup plied by all the adult citizens for all the youthful citizens. They are common benefits. They are not things provided by all for the bene fit of some. Discrimination among citizens is not a characteristic of that fairness and fine sense of jus tice which is the very life of Amer ican freedom and American de mocracy. “This then is the first important truth to be impressed upon our neighbors who mistakenly regarn the Catholic system of schooling as an alien intrusion, as a kind of se cession from the common Ameri can life, or as a ceding upon the part of Catholics of their rights in common institutions.” “We Are Eowilv Satisfied With The Best** Prico Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Bishop Presides at Mass On Oct. 10 Rev. Alvin Deem Is Elected President of Clergy Group for 2 Yeari A striking example of human solidarity in the Mystical Body of Christ occurred in Columbus last week when priests of several na tions and many states in the U. S. —members of three different rac es—took part in the celebration of solemn Mass in St, Dominic’s church to open the Midwest Clergy Conference on Negro Welfare. Bishop Ready presided at the Mass which brought together 40 pastors and assistants engaged in work among the Negroes of the Midwest, together with a Negro Domestic Prelate from the British West Indies and a native of South Korea. The Rev. Albert D’Huyvetter, C.I M.C., administrator of St. Dom inic’s parish, was host to the fall meeting of the conference, at which new officers for the next twn years were elected. Those elected were: the Rev. Alvin Deem, OEM., of St. Jo seph's church, Kansas City, Mo., president: the Rev. Patrick Cur ran of Holy Angels’ church. Chi cago. vice president the Rev. Vin cent Parr. PP s of St. Augus tine's church, Youngstown, cor responding secretary, and the Rev. Patrick Molloy of St. Peter Claver’s church. Robertson. Mo., recording secretary and treasurer. The next meeting of the confer ence will take place in St. Louis during the second week after Eas ter. it was announced last week. First Negro Monsignor One of the 40 priests at the con ference w the Right Rev. Msgr. Gladvnne WHson. first Negro in the Western hemisphere to be rais ed to the rank of domestic pre late. Monsignor W’ilson, who is chan cellor to Bishop John J. McEleney, S.J. of Kingston, Jamaica, B.W.I., stopped in Columbus on his way to the National Catholic Youth Coun cil meeting in Cincinnati. An outstanding scholar, he holds doctorate degrees in philosophy, sacred theology, and canon law. and a master's degree in social science. After his ordination in Rome in 1931 he remained there as a mem ber of the faculty of the Urban college (named for Pope Urban VTID In his native Jamaica there is “no specific problem of Negro White relations.” “We hardly ever think in terms of race.” he said. Blames 'Liberalism' But he has seen evidence of dis crimination against Negroes in the U. S.. and he is “inclined to blame it on 20th-century economic liber alism.” “This is another name for the survival of the fittest in material terms." he explained. “In such a climate except where there is the guidance of moral and religious principles, it seems natural to ex pect that the economically and po litically strong will oppress the weaker.” “In nearly al! communities,” he w ent on. the non-Caucasian groups are economically and politically weak, and they have few oppor tunities to extricate themselves from this situation.” Monsignor Wilson called rac« (Continued on Page 2) Godless Schools Not Traditional In L. S. Education Those who believe religion must be kept out of public schools ignore American history, and Cath olics who join religion with educa tion "are perpetuating the tradi tional attitude of American educa tors.” These are the conclusions reach ed by the Very Rev. Raphael M. Huber. O.F.M.Conv.. in his new book, "The Part Played by Re ligion in the History of Education in the United States of America,” published by MacCrellish and Quig ley. Father Huber is professor of American Catholic Church History at the Catholic University of Amer ica. "It is not true,” the author de clares. "that proverbially, tradi tionally, and historically public schools here in the United States were godless and opposed to the teaching of religion.” But, he adds, they have increasingly become so, and it is the educational pragmat ists, led by Professor John Dewey, who are mainly responsible. By advocating the “complete re jection. elimination, or lack of con sideration for the supernatural and the spiritual side of man,” Father Huber asserts that they have en tirely broken away from American traditions.