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Coverage of Catholic News Vol. 1, No. 4 Will Seek Vocations In America MisMonariea Adopt New Mme Will Establish U. S. Seminary Soon WASHINGTON--(NC)—One of the largest missionary pontifical institutes of secular priests, the Mi lan Foreign Mission Society, has become a world wide institute with headquarters in Rome and has for the first time opened its doors to vocations from outside Italy. This was disclosed here by the Rev. Nicholas Maestrini, F.I.M.E., who has been named U.S. regional superior with headquarters in De troit. Father Maestrini also said the 100-year-old mission organiza tion will henceforth be known as the Missionaries of Saints Peter and Paul, in honor of the society’s patron Saints. He also revealed plans to estab lish a seminary in the United States which would accept Amer ican candidates. Next fall, Father Maestrini said, it is hoped that stu dents can be brought from Italy to attend U.S. seminaries until the congregation has its own seminary in this country. Members of the Missionaries oi Sts. Peter and Paul are in charge of the Church of St. John the Bap tist in Columbus, and of the Church of San Francesco, Detroit. The U. S. regional superior was especially enthusiastic over the prospect of American youth becom ing seminarians in the Missionar ies of Saints Peter and Paul. “By having American vocations all our mission work will receive more benefits, because I feel America is acquiring the leader ship in the world apostolate which she has in the political and indus trial spheres,” he declared. And Father Maestrini voiced this comment on having Italian semin arians study in the U. S.: “Every missionary group can learn much from the energy, team spirit, and all the other excellent qualities of the American people.” Although hitherto an exclusive ly national group in membership, the pontifical institute has during its recently-completed first cen tury founded missions in China, Burma, India, Africa, Japan and Brazil. It is believed to be the second oldest missionary institute of secular priests, having been es tablished after the foreign Mission Society of Paris. Over 100 of the institute’s mis sionaries are still in Red China, where one Bishop is imprisoned (Continued on Page 2) o------------------- Roman College Grants Degree To. Fr. Fulcher Rev. G. A. Fulcher The Reverend George A. Fulcher, priest of the diocese of Columbus, has been awarded the doctorate de gree in sacred theology by the Angelicum University, Rome. An nouncement of the honor was made last week by the Bishop’s Office. Father Fulcher was serving as assistant pastor of St. Francis de Sales parish, Newark, when nam ed by Bishop Ready to pursue grad uate studies in theology. He went to Rome in September, 1949. Born in Columbus. Father Ful cher is one of the eight children of Mr. and Mrs. George A. Fulcher, Sr., 1542 E. Arlington avenue, members of St. Augustine's par ish. He attended St. Aloysius’ school and St. Charles Preparatory school. He received the A. B. de gree from St. Charles’ seminary in 1944, and completed his studies for the priesthood at Mt. St. Mary ol the West, Norwood, Cincinnati. Father Fulcher was ordained by Bishop Ready Feb. 28, 1948. His first assignment was to St. Francis de Sales, Newark. While a seminarian, Father Ful cher spent the summer vacations of 1945 and 1946 at Catholic Uni versity, Washington, D. C., studying journalism, English and education. It was also announced at the Bishop’s Office this week that Fa ther Fulcher was to have sailed for home October 18. 'Come Unto Me' Annual Rites At Cemeteries This Sunday Bishops Will Preside Over Coin mhus Ceremonies For Departed Souls Traditional ceremonies on Sun day, Oct. 28, in the cemeteries of the Columbus Diocese will serve as dramatic reminders of the Church Suffering, with Bishop Ready pre siding at devotions in St. Joseph Cemetery and Auxiliary Bishop Hettinger, at devotions in Mt. Cal vary. The devotions in these two Columbus cemeteries will begin at 3 p. m. The ceremonies will include Ro sary, litany, and special prayers for the souls of the dead. At St. Joseph Cemetery, one of the few in the U. S. where the Blessed Sac rament is reserved at all times, there will be Benediction in ’he Chapel of Our Mother of Sorrows to bring the ceremonies to a close In the official announcment of Cemetery Sunday observances from the Chancery, “similar devotions in parish cemeteries throughout the Diocese” were recommended. Pastors were asked to "urge their people to participate in these pious exercises for the eternal re pose of their departed brethren in the peace of Christ.” The Josephinum College choir will sing for the services at St Jo seph’s cemetery, while the St. Charles Seminary choir'will sing at Mt. Calvary cemetery. Cemetery Sunday services, which all are urged to attend, precede the month of November dedicated to devotion to the Poor Souls. College To Unveil Statue of Christ Bv Richmond Bar i Mission Leaders Challenge Students To Convert World More than 300 high school stu dents of the Columbus diocese heard a challenge to extend God’s kingdom and pledged themselves to “zeal for the conversion of the world” at a Catholic Student’s Mission Crusade workshop held at St. Joseph’s academy, Columbus, Oct. 19. With more than a score of priests and nuns their high school mission moderators they took part in a dialog Mass to gether. discussed mission problems in workshop round-tables, and met in general sessions to hear Bishop Ready the Right Rev. Msgr. Ed ward A. Freking, national head of the CSMC, and the Rev. Nicholas Maestrini, veteran China mission ary and U.S. superior of the Mis sionaries of Sts. Peter and Paul. The Rev. James W Kulp Di ocesan, Director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, and chairman of the workshop, was hon ored by the Crusade at. the open ing of the meeting when Msgr. Freking awarded him the “Grand Cross of the Order of Paladins.” (See photo on page 7.) Highest decoration of the CSMC, the Grand Cross, is given for “distinguished service and outstanding leader the, Famed Negro Sculptor Life-Size Bronze Entitled ‘Come Unto Me’ Will Be Dedicated On Feast of Christ The King A new, life-size, bronze statue of Christ entitled “Come Unto Me” will be unveiled at the College of St. Mary of the Springs Sunday, Oct. 28, after the 9 o’clock Mass. An outstanding example of the work of one of the world's greatest sculptors, Richmond Barthe, the statue also is a tribute to the zeal of an 85-year-old nun at the college, Sister Mary Andrew, whose five-year campaign of paper salvage and sales-tax stamp redemption raised the money for the statue’s purchase. The figure, which shows Christ clad in a seamless robe, His hands extended in a gesture of welcome, stands on a knoll overlooking the Johnstown and Sunbury road en trance to the college. The Rev. John J. Bauer, O.P., college chaplain, will officiate at the dedication and explain the sig nificance of the statue. He also will tell something of the life of the sculptor, and of Sister Mary Andrew’s project. Priest Gave Him Start Richmond Barthe, Mississippi born Negro Catholic artist and 1945 winner of the Hoey award for inter racial justice, visited the college last month to help college officials select a suitable site for the statue, which he completed last May. At that time he disclosed that a priest in New Orleans, the late Father Harry Kane, of the Society of the Divine Word, had given him his first opportunity to follow an artistic career. Father Kane sent him to the Chi cago Art Institute and gave him the necessary financial aid to work and study there. But his art education began ear lier. “I can’t remember a time when I didn’t paint,” he mused. “I received my first set of water col ors when I was six. A New Or leans family I was working for gave me a set of oils when I was about 14, and I started to copy their old masters. Father Kane saw my work then and thought I ought to’ study.” Sculpture An Accident He studied painting, but drifted “accidentally” into sculpture when Part of the multi million dollar expansion program inaugurated by the Sisters of the Holy Cross at the hospital in 1949, the new depart ment occupies an entire floor of the recently completed eight-story building facing Souder street on the west. Dr. Shelby G. Gamble is in charge of the department and heads a staff which includes reg istered physiotherapists, aides, re ceptionist, and secretary. The doc tor and his staff offer complete treatment to patients suffering from orthopedic, arthritic, per ipheral vascular, and neurological diseases. Therapeutic facilities housed by the new department consist of a hydrotherapy room, one for occu pational therapy, a gymnasium, electrotherapy room and individual treatment rooms. The department also contains utility rooms and doc tors’ offices as well as offices for the secretary and receptionist and waiting room. The rooms are furnished with the newest equipment that has been developed in the science of physical medicine, including a Hubbard tank, diathermy short wave units, infra-red heat cradles, Ultra-violet lamps, a hydrocollator, paraffin and whirlpool baths, and an electrostimulator. The new de partment will use this equipment in the treatment of both In and Cut patients. ship” in promoting the Church’s missions. Other round-table discus sion leaders at the workshop were the Rev. R. F. Vollmer O.P., of Aquinas high school the Rev. Robert O’Brien of St. Charles’ seminary, and Sister Vincent, S.N.D. Urges New Approach Every Catholic is a missionary, Bishop Ready reminded the stu dents. He asked them to be con scious of their “rich heritage” as members of the Catholic Church and to be unselfish in sharing the Faith. He told them to strike out on original paths in their programs of mission aid, citing the practice of Rene Black, 71-year-old manager of the Waldorf-Astoria restau rants in New York, who fines his waiters for all their errors and contributes the fines to the mis sions. Church's No. 1 Problem Monsignor Freking called the mission problem “the number one problem of the Church today.” “We’re not going to solve the world’s difficulties by defeating Communism,” he declared. “Our primary job is to convert the (Continued on Page 2) The Catholic i imes Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, October 26, 1951 “a couple of heads I made for my own amusement” won him commis sions to do more of the same. His work brought him more fame than fortune, and he remembers one year when he earned $46 from his sculpture. But he also earned two Roscn wald fellowships and two Guggen heim awards, as well as citations from the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Academy of Arts and Letters, and his work is represented in some of the world’s leading museums as well as in private collections throughout the world. One of his most recent commis sions was to make heroic figures of Toussaint L’Ouverture and Des salines for the Haitian govern ment. “As a result of those jobs,” he smiled, “I am row able to go to Italy and take up my painting ca reer in earnest.” When he returns from Italy he will move into his new home on the northern coast of Jamaica in the British West Indies. No Modernist Mr. Barthe considers himself “an old-fashioned type” of artist. “I be lieve an artist should speak to the people,” he said, “not just to him self.” While he is interested in com munication, he does not care whether he pleases people. “That’s why I hate to take commissions,” he admitted. “I don’t want to have to satisfy someone or meet a dead line.” (Continued on Page 2) Bishop Will Bless Physical Medicine Dept. At Mt. Carmel The largest and most complete department of physical medicine in the city of Columbus will be blessed at Mt. Carmel Hospital by Bishop Ready Thursday, Nov. 1, at 4 p. m. The Department of Physical Medicine was made possible by the Timken Roller Bearing Company in honor of its employees. Graduate of Nebraska Doctor Gamble was graduated from the University of Nebraska College of Medicine in 1937. He served his internship at Immanuel Hospital. Omaha, Nebraska, and was a Resident at Michigan State Sanatorium before coming to the Cleveland Clinic Foundation on a Fellowship. Coming to Columbus in 1945, Dr. Gamble was an associate professor of medicine at Ohio State Univer sity. While at the University he was director of the department of physical medicine at University and Children’s hospitals and con sultant in physical medicine and rehabilitation at Nightingale Cot tage, Franklin County Cerebral Palsy Treatment, center, and Ben jamin Franklin Hospital. Returning to Cleveland in 1948, Dr. Gamble was director of the de partment of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the Cleveland Clinic, assistant professor of phys ical medicine of the Frank E. Bunts Educational Institute, and consultant in physical medicine at the Cleveland Rehabilitation Cen ter. The public is invited to Inspect the new department from 9-12 and 1-3 on Thursday, Nov. 1. o------------------ Requiem Sung For DeborahMcKibben By Priest- Brother Solemn Requiem Mass for Mrs. Jane Deborah McKibben, who died Oct. 21, was sung Wednesday, Oct. 24. in St. Michael’s church, Colum bus, by her brother, the Rev. Da vid G. Dennis, assistant editor of The Catholic Times Deacon of the Mass was the Rev. John Kleinz of the faculty of the Josephinum College the Rev. John H. Graf, assistant pastor of St. Jo seph Cathedral, was sub-deacon. The sermon was preached by the Rev. John B. Byrne, pastor of St. Michael’s. Burial was in St. Joseph Cemetery. Surviving are her husband, Wal ter J. McKibben her mother, Mrs. H. J. Dennis two children, Rich ard and Jane another brother, H. Richard Dennis, and a sister, Mrs. Richard L. Hindman, all of Colum bus. A native of New York City, Mrs. McKibben was graduated from Ohio State University in 1930. She was a member of the St. Ann’s Altar Society of St. Michael’s Church, and of various civic and dramatic organizations. o------------- Bishop To Confirm Bishop Ready will administer the Sacrament of Confirmation at St Francis de Sales Church, New comerstown, Tuesdaj, Oct. 30, at 7:30 p. m. Pontifical Masses Set For Coming Feaet Days Bishop Ready will celebrate 9 o’clock Mass in St. Joseph Cath edral on All Saints Day, Nov. 1, a major feast of the Church year and one on which all Cath olics are obliged to hear Mass. I He also will celebrate three Masses in the cathedral on All Souls Day, Nov. 2, beginning at I 8 a. m. All Souls’ is one of two days in the year—the other is Christmas—when every priest has the privilege of saying three Masses. Wednesday, Oct. 31, the vigil of All Saints, will be a day of fast and abstinence. New Chaplain Is Assigned To Air Base Rev. Frank H. Ebner Of St. Cloud, Minn., Combs To Lockbourne Field A new Catholic chaplain took up his duties at Lockbourne Air Force Base on Oct. 19. He is the Rev Frank H. Ebner, a first lieutenant in (he Chaplains’ Corps and a priest of the St. Cloud, Minn., Di ocese. He is one of three chaplains charged with the spiritual welfare of the approximately 4.000 men stationed at the base south of Co lumbus the other two are Protest ants. It is estimated that 25 per cent of the Base personnel are Catholics. The tall (6'feet, 2 inches), 29 year-old priest found only a hand ful of Catholic pamphlets, prayer books, and religious articles avail able in the common chape' that al so serves other denominations. “Right now that’s about our big gest need,” he said. “We can use Rev. F. H. Ebner all the Catholic literature, news papers, missals, rosaries, and re ligious articles that we can lay our hands on.” A native of Elk River, Minn., Father Ebner was educated at St. John’s College Prep school, Col legeville, Minn., and attended the college there for two years. Then he entered St. Paul seminary at St. Paul, Minn., where he studied for the priesthood. He was ordained in 1947 by Bishop Joseph F. Busch of St. Cloud. From his ordination until his en listment in the Chaplains Corps last summer, Father Ebner was as sistant pastor of St. Boniface Church, Melrose, Minn. Commissioned July 17, he went on active duty August 26 and was assigned to the Chaplains’ School at Fort Slocum, N.Y., Sept. 10. He has a “lot of plans” for Lock bourne, and already has scheduled two Sunday Masses, daily Mass, and Daily Rosary devotions. The only flying he has ever done was a round-trip trans-Atlantic flight last year when he made a pilgrimage to Rome. -------------------o------------------ OSU Gridders Guests Of Men's Luncheon Club More than a dozen members of Ohio State’s varsity football squad will be guests of the Catholic Men’s Luncheon club at its next lunch eon-meeting in the Virginia hotel, Columbus, Friday, Nov. 2, at noon. Speaker will be the Rev. James McEwan, chaplain of the Newman club at the university, who will talk on “Catholic Action.” Open to all Catholic men, the club meets on the first Friday of each month. Walter R. Burkley, Sr., is president of the organiza tion. Church Grateful For Mission Sunday Gifts The Society for the Propaga tion of the Faith expressed “deep gratitude” this week to “all who helped make Mission Sunday successful.” “The prayers and alms given to the Holy Father on that day have earned the prayerful thanks of all missionaries," said the Rev. James W. Kulp, Diocesan Director of the S.P.F. Late Mission Sunday gifts, he added, may be sent to him at the Diocesan office of the so ciety, 246 E. Town street, Co lumbus. Storm Center General Mark W. Clark, an Epis copalian and commander of the U. S. Army field forces, who has bean named by President Tru man, United States ambassador to the Stata of Vatican City. He is the first U. S. envoy to the Vatican with full ambassadorial status. (NC Photos) o------------------ Youth of U. S. Must Combat Modern Evils 25 Members of Hierarchy At National Catholic Youth Conference CINCINNATI—(NC)—The major role in the task of eradicating the nation’s existing evils caused by the “denial of eternal truths” must be shouldered by American youth, particularly Catholic youth, Bishop William T. Mulloy of Covington told the third National Catholic Youth Conference here. Some 500 adult leaders of Cath olic youth organizations in all sec tions of the country came here for the five-day sessions, arranged by Msgr. Joseph E. Schieder, director of the Youth Department. National Catholic Welfare Conference. There were 40 separate meet ings. Twenty five members of the Hierarchy took part in the'pro ceedings. Approximately 200 speak ers addressed the various sessions. The convention was held under the patronage of Archbishop Karl J.1 Alter of Cincinnati, and its theme was “Youth—Christ’s Ambassadors Today.” Bishop Mulloy declared that the nation today faces grave religious, educational, social and economic problems which will require years of constructive work to solve if we are to remain “the land of the free.” He declared that the great er share of this task must be shouldered by American youth, but pointed out that not all youth is prepared for the undertaking.” “If American youth is to be equal to the task that faces it,” Bishop Mulloy said, “its prepara tion must be founded on religion and true Christian education. The preservation of the noble heritage of our country demands not mere ly the best in machines and mili tary equipment, but even more the best in minds and wills, in culture and learning. Columnist George Sokolsky open ed the 15th annual Erskine Lec ture Forum before a capacity crowd at the College of St. Mary of the Springs. Columbus. Tues day with a sweeping criticism of the U. S. policy in Asia (“We have no policy!”) and a dark proph ecy that Russian-trained Asian armies may “blot out European civilization.” But the Polish-born writer, who worked in China 13 years as news paper editor and correspondent, held out the hope that “we still can win in Asia,” if this country clearly shows the world that it stands for human freedom, broth erly love, and life lived according to the moral law. “But we must be sincere,” he added, “and really live up to what we preach.” One of our chief handicaps in the battle for Asia, he said, is the fact that “we don’t know what we believe." And in our ignorance of what people in Asia believe, he went on, we preach “mass pro duction and power,” instead of love of man and love of God.” Mark Clark Named U.S. Vatican Envoy The nomination is before the Senate Committee on Foreign Re lations, but the Congress has ad journed and it is not expected that there will be any hearing on the appointment before the second ses sion of the 82nd Congress convenes in January. Members of the For eign Relations Committee have been quoted as saying there will be public hearings. Until there is Senate confirma tion which must await committee approval. General Clark could only take up his post at the Vatican on a recess appointment. White House sources said today that President Truman is not likely to make a re cess appointment in this case. When President Truman sent General Clark’s nomination to the Senate a few hours before the first session of the 81st Congress ad journed last Saturday, it was ac companied by a separate bill which would specifically permit General Clark'to retain his military status while serving in a diplomatic post. There is an 80-year-old law which restrains officers in the military from occupying civilian posts in government. It can be waived only by Congress. (Continued on Page 2) Bishop Comments On Truman Move In a statement to the daily press. Bishop Ready called attention to the Vatican’s “unique position in world affairs” and expressed hope that the purposes of Truman’s move would “foster the spirit of good will among our citizens.” The text of his statement fol lows: “Regardless of religious loyalty, the Vatican does occupy a unique position in world affairs. It is a sovereign state, whether one likes it or not. Thirty-seven nations have full diplomatic relations with it. In not even one instance have such relations interfered with tradition al state-church policies. England is a fair example. The United States presently has international agree ments with the Vatican affecting mail, radio and consular services. “It is well to consider that the action taken by our Government was based, as it said, ‘in the na tional interest.’ The church did not request the recognition. The church in the United States or else where will not especially profit from diplomatic recognition. “The advantage sought by our Government as stated at the White House was to serve ‘the purposes of diplomacy and humanitarian ism.’ ‘Direct diplomatic relations,’ the White House stated, ‘will assist in co-ordinating the effort to com bat the Communist menace.’ “The purposes put down as the reasons for the move are excellent. I pray that they will be fostered and that the spirit of good will will grow among our citizens.” Sokolsky Scores U. S. Policy In Asia At Erskine Opener Mr. Sokolsky expressed the opinion that war in Asia “to save Chiang Kai-Shek” or “to save Jf pan from Communism” is “none of our business.” To make secure a base in Asia for U. S. defense, however, would be worth fighting to achieve, he said. “I don’t believe we can ever produce the manpower to destroy Communism by war,” he said. In the question period follow ing the lecture. Mr. Sokolsky scor ed corruption in public office, call ing it “a luxury we cannot af ford.” “It might have been all right in President Grant’s time,” he said, “because we were paying only about live cents of each dollar for taxes.” The Rev. Leonard Fick of the Josephinum College, who introduc ed Mr. Sokolsky, announced that the second lecture will be given by Senator Herbert O’Conor of Maryland on Sunday, Nov. 18, at 8:15 p. m. in Erskine Hall nt the college. He will speak on “Chal lenge from Within.” "We Are Easily Satisfied With The Best** Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year President^ Last Minute Move Brines C5 Sharp Reaction From Protestants President Trumai’s eleventh-hour nomination of Gen. Mark Clark as the first U. S. Ambassador to the Vatican, announced last Satur day, will “serve the cause of peace,” according to the Vatican news paper, Osservatore Romano, and was hailed by John W. McCormack, House Majority Floor Leader, as a move “in the best interest of all nations.” But Protestant leaders in the U. S. immediately began to marshal their forces to oppose Senate confirmation of the appoint ment. The sending of Gen. Mark W. Clark to Rome as the first United States Ambassador to the State of Vatican City may be held up for months, according to present indi cations. The American general who a lit* tie over seven years ago led his victorious troops into the Eternal City, has been nominated to return to Rome as “Ambassador Extra ordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the State of the Vatican City.” His nomination by President Harry S. Truman, once confirmed by the United States Senate, establishes full diplomatic relataions between this country and Vatican City—re lations that have been dormant since 1867, The President took this step be cause “it is in the national interest for the United States to maintain diplomatic representation at the Vatican.” according to a statement by Joseph Short, Secretary to Mr. Truman. The statement gave two reasons in explanation of this “National interest.” It said (1) “The President feels that the purpose of diploma cy and humanitarianism will be served by this appointment,” and (2) “It is well known that the Vat ican is vigorously engaged in the struggle against Communism. Di rect diplomatic relations will assist in coordinating the effort to com bat the Communist menace.” As Ambassador to Vatican City, General Clark will join the minis ters of “37 other nations (which) have for a great many years main tained at the Vatican diplomatie representatives,” the statement pointed out. Like many other countries, the United States will then maintain in Rome two heads of diplomatic missions, one of whom is accredit ed to the Government of Italy and the other to Vatican City. The position of General Clark as U. S. Ambassador to the State of Vatican City will be basically dif ferent from that of Myron C. Tay lor, who from Christmas, 1939, to January, 1950, served as the Per sonal Representative first of the late President Franklin D. Roose velt and then of President Truman to His Holiness the Pope. Mr. Taylor, although he had the personal title of Ambassador, was not an ambassador” in the legal and diplomatic sense. He was a representative of a person accredit ed to a person. General Clark will be the representative of a country accredited ot a country. He will be the U. S. Ambassador “to the Stata of Vatican City,” which, though small in territory and population, enjoys the full legal status of an independent country. In that re spect, the State of Vatican City is on a par with any other independ ent country in the world. His Holi ness Pope Pius XII is Soveieign of the State of Vatican City. The White House statement pays tribute to Mr. Taylor, saying: “Dur ing and after the war the Taylor Mission performed an extremely useful service not only in the field of diplomacy but in the ameliora tion of human suffering. That serv ice is set forth in official cor respondence published from time to time.” Mr. Truman’s nomination of Gen eral Clark came to the Nation’s Capitol as a complete surprise. It was sent to the United States Sen ate just a few hours before it was scheduled to adjourn until early next year. o .. Program Will Train Priests For Lithuania NEW YORK (NC) A pro gram to educate youth of Lithuani an descent in more than half a dozen countries to serve as priests in Lithuania when conditions in that now virtually priestless coun try permit, has been put into op eration, it has been announced here. His Eminence Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, has been named honorary president of a committee in charge of the project, it was announced by the Rev. IJr. Joseph B. Koncius, committee executive director and general secretary. He said that candidates to pre pare for the priesthood to serve in Lithuania must be between the ages of 17 and 25 with the equiva lent of a high school education. Father Koncius pointed out that before World War n, there were about 2.000 priests serving in Lith uania. Today, he added, there are less than 200 priests in the com munist enslaved country and all seminaries have been abolished.