Newspaper Page Text
Coverage of Catholic News Vol. No. 11 Reds Abuse U.S. Prelate As Hostage Bishop Adolph Paschang Of Maryknoll Victim Of Extortion Plot MARYKNOLL, N. Y. (NC)— The Maryknoll Society, which has a number of missionaries in China, will not let itself become victim of a Chinese communist extortion scheme. This was made unmistakably clear by Bishop Raymond A. Lane, Maryknoll Superior General. He was commentmg on news that Bishop Adolph J. Paschang, M. M., of Kongmoon, China, has three times contacted the Maryknoll house in Hong Kong to state that local Red officials are demanding money for him under torture. On the first two days the amount stat ed was 40.000 Hong Kqng dollars ($6,000 U.S.). On the third day it was reduced to 22,000 Hong Kong dollars. “It would be disastrous to pay ex tortion money,” Bishop Lane said here. “Every Catholic missionary within reach of the Reds would thus be placed in added jeopardy.” The Red scheme to use Bishop Paschang as a hostage to wring U.S. dollars from his American conferees is seen here as part of the vast Red program to extort dol lars from Americans through pres sure on friends and relatives in China. Thousands of letters have reportedly been received in recent months by Chinese Americans from relatives in China, pleading for money to save them from tor ture and imprisonment. Bishop Paschang is a native of Martinsburg, Mo. He first left for China in 1921, and was made Bish op of Kongmoon in 1937. Advised of the Red demands on Bishop Paschang, Archbishop An thony Riberi, ousted Papal Inter nuncio to China and now living in Hong Kong, counseled that under no circumstances should the mon ey be paid. Both Bishop Lane and the Rev. Thomas J. Malone, Mary knoll representative in Hong Kong, concurred in this decision. “We must refuse all such de mands as extortion,” Father Ma lone said, “despite the fact that Bishop Paschang explained to me on the telephone that he had al ready been subjected to physical punishment and is threatened with imprisonment if the money is not forthcoming.” Bishop Lane said. “There is no assurance that upon payment of (Continued on Page 2) Most Rev. A. J. Paschang New TV Code Takes Effect Next March 1 WASHINGTON—(NC) A code of practices for television, which “establishes tenets for good pro gramming and advertising,” will go into effect next March 1, the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters has an nounced here. The code, promulgated by the NARTB, provides for appointment of a five-member national review board. All of the Nation’s television sta tions and networks, whether or not they are members of the NARTB, are eligible to subscribe to the code. Currently 72 stations and two networks belong to NARTB. In all there are 108 TV stations and four networks in the U. S. Subscribers will be provided with a seal, which can be shown on television screens. This seal can be withdrawn from the subscriber if the station does not abide by the code. Special addenda to the code list words and phrases considered un suitable for use on television. Robert D. Swezey of New Or leans, who directed the committee which drafted the original code, said the promulgated measure re flects the determination of TV broadcasters to “represent and manage a ‘family medium*.” Vincentian Lawrence Murnane (above) of Christ the King parish, Colum bus, was named first president of the Particular Council of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul in the Columbus Diocese Sunday. Other officers of the council are: T. J. Frericks of St. Christopher parish, Columbus, vice presi dent Paul O'Brien of Immacu late Conception Parish, Colum bus, secretary, and Dr. Frank Binder of Holy Name Parish, Columbus, treasurer. The Par ticular Council is a co-ordinating group composed of the presi dents and vice presidents of the St. Vincent de Paul Society's parish conferences. ------------O.... .... Times Writer R. F. Pattee Given Medal Richard F. Pattee, historian and ournalist, and Catholic Times col umnist, has been named the 1951 recipient of the Catholic Action Medal, awarded annually by St. Bonaventure University, Olean, N. Y. In making the announcement of the 1951 award, St. Bonaventure’s president, Very Rev. Juvenal La lor, OFM, cited Mr. Pattee for his contribution to the work of the Church in the United States and abroad as “tremendous.” Currently the Arizona -born scholar is a resident of Fribourg, Switzerland, where he represents the National Catholic Welfare Con ference and its press service, and serves as a member of various in ternational commissions set up on the continent. From 1938 through 1943, Mr. Pattee was division chief of the Division of the American Repub lics and later assistant chief of Cul tural Relations, both of the Depart ment of State, Washington, D.C. Mr. Pattee, 45, was educated at the University of Arizona, the Catholic University of America and the University of Louvain, Bel gium. Prior to joining the State De partment, Mr. Pattee was an in structor and professor of political science and history at the Univer sity of Puerto Rico for eleven years. Mr. Pattee has authored eight books including “The Negro in Brazil,” “Introduccion a La Civili zacion Hispanoamericana,” a text book for American colleges: “The Catholic Revival in Mexico,” and “Catholic Life in the West Indies.” He also is a regular contributor to such publications as “Reviista Javeriana” of Bogato, Columbia to “Sic” of Caracas, Venezuela, and to the “Agencia Mundial de Colabor aciones” of Madrid, Spain, and fre quent contributor to “The Month” of London, England, and to “Amer ica,” “The Sign,” and “Columbia,” magazines of this country. He is a member of the Geo graphical Society of Lisbon, Acad emies of History of Panama, Nicar agua, Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. Christmas Features In Supplement Next Week Readers of the Catholic Times will receive their Christmas “bonus” next Friday in the form of a 16-page tabloid Christmas supplement, in color, and fea turing pictures, articles and fic tion of interest to everyone. This special feature comes to you through the cooperation of our regular as well as special Christmas edition advertisers. Watch for it. College Gives Crib To Its Community As Christmas Gift WINOOSKI PARK, VT. (NC) —St. Michael’s College already has presented a Christmas gift to its local community—a Nativity crib. Students did all the work and the college contributed the materi al. Bob 'Leahy of New York City, St. Michael’s football star and staff artist for The Michaelman, design ed the figures. The crib has been installed in an empty store on Main Street in the center of the city of Winooski. Two Burlington women, non-Cath olics, opened their store for the exhibit. It’s all part of the nation wide move to put Christ back into Christmas, according to the Very Rev. Daniel P. Lyons, S.S.E., pres ident of St. Michael’s. Many Red-Held Missionaries Not on Sen. Knowland’s List informed Tokyo Sources Say Number Is Fraction Of Communist Victims TOKYO—(NC)—A list released by Senator William F. Knowland of California of 32 American citi zens imprisoned in Red China is but a small fraction of the foreign ers held in jail by the Reds, it is pointed out here. Catholic Bishops, priests, Broth ers and Sisters of all nationalities held in Chinese prisons exceed the 150 mark. Hundreds of others, in cluding many Americans, are vir tually in prison in their own res idences, informed sources here state. Requests for exit permits go ignored. (Senator Knowland’s list con tained the names of 13 American Catholic missionaries. He said it was a confidential list given him by the State Department. He stat ed he made it public “on my own responsibility as a United States Senator.”) The list of American prisoners, it is pointed out here, failed to in clude two Massachusetts priests re cently jailed by the Reds. They are the Rev. Harold Travers, a Passion ist from Revere, and Thomas Lang ley, a Maryknoller from Framing ham. The roll of imprisoned Catholic missionaries in China includes 15 foreign members of the Hierarchy besides three American Bishops and a Prefect Apostolic. LIST INCLUDES THREE BISHOPS LOS ANGELES—(NC) Three Catholic Bishops, a nun and nine other Catholic missionaries are in cluded in a list of 32 American citizens reported imprisoned in communist China. All 13 Catholics were said to have been arrested this year. Senator William F. Knowland of California released the names here. He said it was a confidential list given him by the State De partment, and that he was remov ing the confidential restriction “on my own responsibility as a United States Senator.” The State Department had indi cated there were some 300 other Americans still on the Chinese ‘Mass Production*’ Of China Martyrs Cited By Convert DETROIT (NC) There is a “mass production of martyrs” go ing' on in China today which would rival the martyrdom of early Christianity in Rome, Dr. John C. Wu, convert and former Chinese envoy to the Holy See, told a meet ing of the First Friday Club here. Requesting his audience of 700 men to pray for the Chinese peo ple, Dr. Wu asserted: “Tremendous events are happening in China al though they are not reported in the headlines of the secular press. Men and women are martyred ev ery day. In fact, there is a mass production of martyrs that recalls the early days of Christianity.” Doctor Wu said that the Con fucianism philosophy will make it easier to convert China to Chris tianity. He pointed out that the basic tenet of Confucianism is fili al piety which gives the Chinese a strong devotion to the family. He stressed that Christianity in sists on a strong family life as es sential to a solid social order. Officials of Israeli Nation Take Over Catholic Shrines JERUSALEM (NC) Israeli authorities have turned over a large portion of the Catholic Church’s property in the country to the government’s Custodian of German Property, it has been re liably learned here. Church officials have stated that they will fight the government’s move in court. The property has been adminis tered by the Benedictine Fathers headed by the Rev. Leo Rudloff, O.S.B., formerly of St. Mary’s mon astery in Morristown, N. J. It in cludes the abbey and church of the Dormition on Mount Sion the abbey’s annex consisting of a house and a garden the Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes at Tabgha, near the Sea of Galilee, and a hospice for pilgrims and a large farm, also at Tabgha. The property is registered in the name of the Archdiocese of Cologne, Germany. As such it is subject to the Custodian of Ger man Property, the Israeli govern ment states. Church officials in Israel con tend that the government’s move is illegal because the property cannot be considered as belonging to a German national agency. The Cologne archdiocese in this case, they state, is merely an agent of a supra-national organization, the Catholic Church which has head quarters at the Vatican. The Israeli government turned the property over to the Custodian The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Dec. 14, 1951 mainland whose safety might be endangered by release of the list, Senator Knowland said. The Sen ator declared he did not consider this reasoning valid, and added that “it is high time” the public knew about the list. The three Catholic prelates list ed are Bishops Francis X. Ford, M.M., of Kaying, Ambrose H. Ping er, O.F.M., of Chowtsun, and Rem bert Kowalski, O.F.M., of Wuch (Continued on Page 2) OFFICIAL By virtue of special faculties granted by the Holy See, Bishop Ready announces the following regulation with reference to the Ember Days: All Catholics in the Diocese of Columbus are permitted to eat meat ONCE, and only at the principal meal, on Ember Wed nesday and Ember Saturday, Dec. 19 and 22. By order of the Most Rev. Bishop FRANCIS J. SCHWEKDEMAN Chancellor German Reds Ban Customs Of Christmas By Max Jordan BERLIN—(NC)—All Christmas observances, except those within church precincts, are to be banned in the Soviet zone of Germany, if the communist rulers have their way. School principals throughout the zone have been ordered to substitute for Christmas programs in class rooms with celebrations of Stalin’s birthday December 21. Communist-controlled youth groups are to be guided by similar directives, while the radio stations have been ordered to drop all ref erences to Christmas in their broadcasts this month and to con centrate on Stalin’s’ birthday in stead. At the same time, the cut ting of fir trees is to be reduced considerably to prevent the peo ple from observing Christmas .a the traditional manner. Kirchlicher Nachrichtendienst, Catholic news agency of Cologne, reports in this connection that Hungarian communists this year will celebrate Stalin's birthday on Christmas day in order to distract from church observances altogeth er. At the same time the importa tion of Christmas trees has been banned by the Red Regime of Hun gary and the printing of “react ionary” Christmas cards prohibited completely. Coinciding with pertinent papal pronouncements, communist prop aganda agencies in Eastern Ger many also have stepped up their campaign to discredit Christian teachings on the creation of world. Communist newspapers ry elaborate reports on publications and speeches Soviet pseudo claim that life on earth has devel oped automatically from “basic chemical elements” without the instrumentality of a divine power. scientists, who According to Dr. Gustav Heine man, German Protestant lay read er who has just returned from a trip to the Soviet zone, children whose parents want them to attend Bible classes are not even permit ted to take their Bibles along when these classes are held in public school buildings. Instances are known where the children’s brief cases were searched by communist teachers to enforce the ruling. without informing the Benedictine Fathers, it was learned here. The monks became aware of the ac tion when tenants at the Tabgha farm informed them that the Cus todian of German Property had or dered tenants to pay rents to him instead of the Benedictines. Twenty-one Benedictine monks are now in Israel. Fifteen are in Jewish Jerusalem and the rest at Tabgha. The monks belong to sev en different nationalities. The shrine of the Dormition was built at the turn of the century through gifts from German Cath olics. It stands on what is regarded by many as the spot where the Blessed Virgin died or “fell asleep” and from which she was taken into Heaven. Its administration was en trusted to the Benedictines in 1906. During the Palestine war in 1948 the Dormition were occupied forces. While cupation both suffered much fighting and looting. The Benedic tines returned to the Dormition ab bey in 1950. Regular monastic life was resumed in February of this year. church and abbey by Jewish fighting under military oc church and abbey damage from the -----------------o--------------- Nurses Council To Meet The Diocesan Council of Catholic Nurses will meet Sunday, Dec. 16, at 3 p. m. in the Cathedral Book Shop, Columbus. Mrs. Urith L. Ry an, DCCN president, will preside. I archdiocese, respectively. Yugoslav Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac (left) leaves Lepoglava pris on cell with Editor Barbieri of the Zagreb Daily Vjesnik. The Arch bishop is free after serving five years on charges of having col laborated with the Nazis during World War II (Radiophoto) (NC Photos) Set National Day of Prayer For Modern Martyrs Dec. 30 WASHINGTON (NO All Catholics throughout the U.S. have been summoned to mark Sunday, Dec. 30, as a national day of pray er, mourning and reparation for the millions of faithful in the Iron Curtain countries who have be come victims of Communist perse cution. Announcement of the solemn, na tion-wide observance came this week in a letter from Archbishop Francis P. Keough of Baltimore, Chairman of the National Catholic Welfare Conference Administra tive Board, to the Bishops of the U. S. Church Ceases Open Function In Red Russia LONDON (NC) The Cath olic Church, still the communist regime’s implacable enemy, has now completely ceased to function openly in Soviet Russia, according to Sir David Kelly, recently retired British Ambassador to Moscow. He is a Catholic. the car the by The last church believed to re main still open, that of St. Louis of the French in Moscow, which wa. run by an Assumptionist priest under the protection of the French embassy, has now come under the communist wing. The communists edged into control an accommo dating Lithuanian religious, and the few foreign Catholics in the capital, boycotting his services, went to Mass in the apartment of a departed Frenchman, the Rev. Jean de Matha Thomas. Father Thomas left Russia when his resi dence permit was not renewed. (The Rev. Arthur O. Brassard, U.S. Assumptionist who went to Moscow to serve at the Church of St. Louis of the French, has never been permitted by the Soviets to function at that church. He has, however, celebrated Mass at the residence of the U.S. Ambassador and other private homes. Father Brassard is in Moscow under the terms of the Roosevelt-Litvinov agreement of 1934.) Sir David told the annual meet ing of the Sword of the Spirit or ganization that he had heard of two other priests serving churches in Russia. One was said to be an 80-year-old foreigner, believed to be of the Latin Rite, working at Tiflis. But when Sir David went there, with a bodyguard of MVD secret police, the church was clos ed and the priest had disappeared. Lady Kelly went to the place where the priest was staying and (Continued on Page 3) School Heads To Study White House Conference BALTIMORE, Md. (NC) A standing committee to follow activ ities and recommendations of the continuation committee on the White House Conference on Chil dren and Youth has been set up by the school superintendents depart ment of the National Catholic Edu cational Association. At their annual meeting at the Lord Baltimore Hotel here the su perintendents named Msgr. C. E. Elwell, Cleveland diocesan super intendent of schools, as chairman of the committee. The other mem bers chosen were Msgrs. Sylvester J. Hobel ahd John J. Voight, super intendents of schools for the Buf falo diocese and the New York ‘Conditional Release’ Does Not Work Justice To Archbishop Stepinac, World Opinion Says Referring to the fact that the proclaimed day of prayer follows immediately after the feast com memorating the maryrdom of St. Thomas a Becket, Archbishop Ke ough said: “We feel that on that day Amer icans will be given not only a re newed consciousness of the suffer ing which is being endured by per secuted peoples abroad, but they will be given as well an opportun ity to offer by prayer and mortifi cation some concrete demonstra tion of their faith.” (St. Thomas a Becket, Archbish op of Canterbury, was slain in his cathedral Dec. 29, 1170, by sol diers of King Henry II for refus ing to sanction practices that would have made the Church a servant of the king’s pleasure.) Proclamation of the day of pray er w’as in accordance with deci sions made at the recent meeting of the American Hierarchy here. At that time a resolution was adopted expressing “boundless ad miration” and mourning for “our martyred dead in Russia and in the 14 nations which are now cap tives to Communism.” In sending the victims “frater nal sympathy and the assurance of our fervent prayers,” the Bishops expressed “sorrow at the indiffer ence of the so-called Christian gov ernments to this frightful persecu tion.” The Bishops also declared them selves “appalled by the apparent inability of the free secular press to inform the public of the true facts of persecution.” The resolution called the roll of nations in which persecution of the Church rages: Russia, the Ukraine, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, eastern Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Latvia. Es tonia, Lithuania, eastern Germany, Mongolia, and China and northern Korea. Vincent W. Hartnett Americans pay their own grave diggers when they support Com munist entertainers, Vincent W. Hartnett, authority on Red influ ence in radio and television, de clared in Columbus last Sunday. He gave the third Erskine lecture in the current series at the College of St. Mary of the Springs on “Red Fronts in Radio and TV.” He warned his audience to avoid Communist-front traps by refusal to support “those, including fa mous personalities of radio, TV, motion pictures, and the stage, who repeatedly support o u n ist I fronts.” The Cardinal commented on a Belgrade story of Ernie Hill, cor respondent of the Chicago Daily News, which quoted Ambassador Allen as saying that from the Yugoslav viewpoint Tito had ade quate reason for trying and con demning Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac of Zagreb. The Archbish op was sentenced to 16 years prison in 1946, after a “trial” that was described at the time as a mockery of justice, “We have no confirmation from official sources that the quotation which he (Mr. Hill) gives is ac curate or true,” Cardinal Stritch declared. “However, the impres sion which is made by the quota tion quoted by Mr. Hill is a sorry one ... It is almost unbelievable that Mr. Allen could have made such a statement.” (The State Department could neither confirm nor deny the Hill story immediately. Lincoln White, deputy press relations officer, stat ed that he had spoken to Mr. Allen by telephone, but the connection was too poor to permit an accur ate statement of all of Mr. Alien’s remarks.) “Archbishop Stepinac was not guilty of the charges lodged against him in the fake trial staged by the Tito regime,” Cardinal Stritch’s’ statement said. “He i^ an innocent man, and everybody who loves justice realizes that the Tito regime has not made a right rep aration in merely releasing Arch bishop Stepinac from prison with conditions or restrictions which curtail his rightful freedom. Cardinal Stritch declared it “de plorable that a foreign correspond ent of one of our large daily news papers has presented false state ments on the Archbishop Stepinac matter and the state of the Church in Yugoslavia today under the Tito regime.” He continued: “In the name of those rights which are. in our own Declaration of Independence, called unalien able and an endowment of the Cre (Continued on Page 2) Reds Exploit Actors, Writers To Finance World Conspiracy Mr. Hartnett, who is himself a writer and producer of radio and Tv shows, accused “Red fronters” of exploiting the entertainment arts to fill Communist coffers with much needed cash. He pointed out that a Commun ist actor making $50,000 a year would be expected to pay a mini mum of nearly $5,000 to the Red conspiracy. “By supporting Communists in radio and TV,” he went on, “Amer ican business and the American public support the Communist con spiracy and help prepare the basis for the final bloody class struggle envisioned by the Red revolution aries.” Mr. Hartnett also charged the Reds with using “phony peace fronts and civil rights issues to fat ten their proletarian purses.” He cited the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, called Com munist and subversive by the U.S. Attorney General, which has raised an estimated 54 million dollars, “virtually all of which went right into the coffers of the Communist conspiracy.” Mr. Hartnett was introduced by Joseph Ryan, Columbus attorney and, like the speaker, an alumnus of the University of Notre Dame. Fourth lecture in the series will be given Sunday, Jan. 13, at 8:15 p. m. at the College of St. Mary of the Springs by Robert Aura Smith, New York Times editorial writer, on “Your Foreign Policy.” “We Are Easily Satisfied With The Best” Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Prelate Emphatically Rejects Attempt To Take Away His Authority By G. R. Brunit (Foreign Editor, N.C.W.C. Nows Service) Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac of Zagreb, though conditionally re leased from imprisonment, still remains a victim of injustice. The step taken by the Tito regime for reasons of political expediency, does not lessen in any way the persecution inflicted upon the Catholic Church in Yugoslavia. This is the consensus of Catholic opinion throughout the world evoked by the news that the Archbishop of Zagreb has been permitted, after being held in jail for more than five years, to take up residence in his native village. Cardinal Asks If U. S. Envoys Swallowed Lies Chicago’s Archbishop Hits Correspondent’s Story On Stepinac Release The Yugoslav regime itself is responsible for this unfavorable re action to its measure. The condi tions surrounding the release of the Archbishop from physical con finement make it clear that the re gime continues to consider the pre late a “justly convicted criminal who has been granted parole.” By referring to him as “the former Archbishop” the regime has sought to usurp the rights which the Church has never granted, and nev er will grant, to any secular power. American Catholic opinion was reflected in a statement by Arch bishop Francis P. Keough of Balti more, Chairman of th Administra tive Board, National Catholic Wel fare Conference. He declared that “Archbishop Stepina is entitled to full freedom” and that his liber ation from physical confinement is merely a “small step toward the fulfillment of elementary human rights.” at to on CHICAGO—(NC) Quotes tributed to U.S. Ambassador Yugoslavia George V. Allen, the Archbishop Stepinac case, raise “the question whether our own representatives in Yugoslavia are being victimized by the men dacious propaganda of the Tito regime,” His Eminence Samuel Cardinal Stritch. Archbishop of Chicago, stated here. Both Archbishop Stepinac him self and Osservatore Romano have stated emphatically that any at tempt to deprive the prelate of his episcopal status is utterly unac ceptable. American press corres pondents who interviewed the Archbishop after he had offered Mass in the village church of Kra sic. 30 miles from Zagreb, quote him as saying: “I am the legitimate Archbishop and not ‘the former Archbishop? No government can deprive me of my rank. I never sought the office of Bishop. If the Holy Father wants it, I am ready to give up my office, but I shall never do so as the result of government pressure.” Osservatore declared editorially: “In calling Monsignor Stepinac the former Archbishop,’ the civic au thorities of the Fedr al Republic of Yugoslavia are arrogating to themselves a right which is not theirs, just as it is not that of any other state.” Equally plain were the state ment by Archbishop Stepinac, Os servatore Romano and Catholic spokesmen throughout the world in making it clear that the issue at stake in Yugoslavia goes far be yond the “Stepinac case.” Speaking with the same courage and frankness that he had demon strated during and after the war and when facing his “judges” in the Zagreb courtroom five years ago, Archbishop Stepinac told, in effect, press correspondents on the morning after his release from prison: “The major issues standing in the way of an acceptable agree ment between Church and State in Yugoslavia are not yet settled. “There must be an agreement based on honesty and the essential conditions demanded by the Cath olic Church. “These include church marriages, religious education in the schools and a free Catholic Press. Church marriage must'be defended to the last breath, for it is a Sacrament established by God and man lias no right to change it.” Writing in the same vein, Osser vatore recalled that another Yugo slav prelate, Bishop Peter Cule of Mostar, is still in prison together with hundreds of priests and Re ligious. that training of priests is severely curbed, that religious con gregations have been dispersed and the Catholic Press wiped out Pointing out that “this painful situation” has not been changed (Continued on Page 2) ‘Best Christmas Present for Dad’ Is Daily Rosary JACKSONVILLE, N. (NC)— A Marine serving in Korea hag written his two little children here that “the best Christmas present daddy can ask for” is to have them say the Rosary every day. Chief Warrant Officer Stanley A. Nowak, with the 7th Marine Regiment, urged his children* Elaine and Stan, to offer the Ros ary “not just once but every day.” “When you say the Rosary you might as well include the rest of the boys in Korea,” he wrote. “If all of you say the Rosary, that is the best Christmas present daddy can ask for. When Christmas comes around, hang a nice Rosary on the tree as a reminder of dad dy’s presence in Korea.” The Marine warrant officer re minded his children that his “beau tiful guardian angel” watched over him while he was serving in Korea against God’s enemies. The Nowaks are parishsioners of Infant of Prague Church here.