(Continued from Page 1)
olic Philosophical Association’s
Study for a pre-induction coun
selling program for ’teen-agers
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forces was authorized at semi
annual meeting of N.C.W.C. Ad
ministrative Board in Washington.
The Board adopted a resolution
congratulating Cardinal Edward
Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit, ob
serving the silver jubilee year of
his Episcopal consercation.
Bishop Edward J. Hunkeler was
transferred from Grand Island to
Kansas City in Kansas Bishop
Jame Ix*nnox Federal was conse
crated at Raleigh. N. C„ to be Aux
iliary of Salt Lake Bishop Adolph
Schmitt, C.M.M., was consecrated
in Detroit to be Vicar Apostolic of
Bulawayo, South Africa. In com
munist-ruled Hungary, Bishops Mi
chael Endrey, Auxiliary of Eger,
and John Bard, Auxiliary of Kaloc
sa, were consecrated, while Msgr.
Emery Kisberk was named Aux
iliary of Szckcsfehervar and Msgr.
Emery Szabo, Auxiliary of Eszter
gom, by Pope Pius.
Fr. Francis Anthony Fasni, 17th
century Conventual, was beatified.
Brooklyn’s Bishop Thomas E. Mol
loy was given the personal title of
Archbishop by the Pope. Linna E.
Bicssette. tor 39 years field secre
tary of the Social Action Depart
ment, N.C.W.C., retired. The Rev.
R. A. McGowan, director, Social
Action Department, N.C.W.C., was
presented with Quadragesimo An
no Award of Association of Cath
olic Trade Unionists in New York.
Mrs. Teresa Matsudaira, Seattle,
Wash., convert Japanese-born
iimihei ot 13 v\,ls named Catholic
Mother of 1951 by National Cath
olic Conference on Family Life.
Chinese Reds arrested Italian-born
Archbishop Gaetano Pollio of Kai
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1951 National And World Events
feng, and Brooklyn-born Mary
knoller Bishop Francis X. Ford,
59, of Kaying.
On his 61st ordination anniversa
ry, death claimed Philadelphia’s
beloved Dennis Cardinal Dougher
ty, 85, reducing Sacred College of
Cardinals to 50. Archbishop Am
leto Giovanni Cicognani. Apostolic
Delegate to U.S., announced that
Pope Pius founded the Greensburg,
Pa., diocese and had named Bishop
Hugh L. Lamb, Philadelphia Aux
iliary, its first head. The Pope
also promoted Msgr. Fulton J.
Sheen, Society for Propagation of
Faith National Director, to Aux
iliary Bishop of New York, and the
Rev. Thomas Feeney, S. J., veteran
Boston missioner, to Bishop as
Vicar Apostolic of Caroline, Mar
U. S. Catholic population report
ed at 28,634,878 by 1951 official
Catholic Directory. Anniversaries
noted: Belgium’s Cardinal Joseph
Von Rocy, 25th consecration Tuc
son’s Bishop Daniel J. Gercke, 50th
ordination Noticias Catolicas,
N.C.W.C. News Service Spanish
Janguagc edition, tenth founding:
Pope I^eo XIIl's "Rerum Novarum”
Encyclical, 60th, and Pope Pius
Xi’s “Quadragesimo Anno” En
cyclical, 20th. Death claimed:
Archbishop Ettore Felici, Papal
Nuncio to Ireland Archbishop An
drew S. MacDonald, 80, Edinburgh,
Scotland Bishop James E. Cassidy.
83, Fall River, Mass., and Abbot
Alcuin Deutsch, O.S.B., 73, St.
John’s Abbey, Collegeville, Minn.
Ousting of Robert Shorb as
Boone, la., public school teacher
because he send son, seven, to Cath
olic school, stirred nation’s inter
est. Two Catholics, Navy Lt. Thom
as Hudnet, Fall River, Mass. Army
Sgt. Ernest Kouma, Dwight, Nebr.,
were awarded Congressional Med
als of Honor for bravery in Korea.
The tree world was shocked as
Archbishop Josef Groesz, 63, of
Kalocsa, was imprisoned for 15
years after Hungary’s communists
carried out carbon copy of Cardi
nal Mindszenty’s persecution.
Meanwhile Russia’s Jacob Malik
proposed a cease fire in Korea and
steps toward an armistice began
Arrests of mission prelates in Red
China continued and mass evic
tions of “class aliens” were carried
out in five Iron Curtain countries.
Pope Pius XII: canonized St.
Maria Domenica Mazzarello, co
foundress with St. John Bosco in
1872 of Daughters of Mary, Aux
ilialrix and St. Einilie de Vialar,
foundress in 1832 of Sisters of St.
Joseph of the Apparition beatified
“the Pope of the Eucharist,” Bl.
Pius appointed Msgr. Loras T.
Lane, Vice Chancellor, to be Aux
iliary Bishop of Dubuque named
Auxiliary Bishop Wilhelm Wes
kainm of Paderborn, Germany,
Bishop of Berlin, and bestowed
personal title of. Archbishsop on
Peoria's Bishop Joseph L. Schlar
New York Auxiliary Bishop Ful
ton J. Sheen was consecrated in
Rome Archbishop Cicognani an
nounced creation of Dodge City,
Kans., diocese and naming of Msgr.
John B. Franz, Springfield, Ill.,
as first Bishop
I'he Apostolic Delegate announc
ed Pope Pius created the Province
ol Seattle: naming Bishop Thomas
A. Connolly as Seattle’s first Arch
bishop Msgr. Joseph P. Dougherty,
Seattle, as Bishop of the new Ya
kima. Wash., diocese the Rev.
Robert Dermot O'Flanagan, An
chorage, as Bishop of the new
Juneau, Alaska, diocese, and at
taching the Vicariate of Alaska
to the Province.
Poland’s Cardinal Adam Sapieha,
84, died, making 21 vacancies in
the College of Cardinals. Death al
so claimed: Msgr. Edward B. Jor
dan, Catholic University of Amer
ica, vice rector Harry Heilman.
56, famous Detroit Tigers baseball
star, and Marshal Henri-Philippe
Petain of France. Devastating
floods hit both Kansas City dioces
es, and other Secs in Kansas. The
Catholic world celebrated the 700th
anniversary of Our Lady’s gift of
the Brown Scapular to St. Simon
Reno’s Bishop Thomas K. Gor
man marked his 20th consecration
anniversary. Cleveland's Bishop
Edward Hoban was given the
personal title of Archbishop by the
Msgr. John L. Paschang of Oma
ha was named Bishop of Grand
Island by Pope Pius. Dodge City’s
first Bishop, John B. Franz, was
consecrated in Springfield, III.
Msgr. Giovanni B. Montini, Substi
tute Vatican Secretary of State,
visited the United States.
Manne I icut Henry A Com
miskey ot Hattiesburg, Miss one
time altar boy, was awarded the
Congressional Medal ol Honor by
President Truman for heroism in
Korea A survey by the Confra
ternity of Christian Doctrine
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showed a tremendous need for re
ligious instruction of Catholic
youngsters attending public
Dubuque’s Archbishop Her. y
Rohlman observed his 50th anni
versary as a priest and 25 years
as a Bishop while San Francisco’s
Archbishop John J. Mitty marked
25 years as a Bishop. At the 69th
annual convention of the Knights
of Columbus in Pittsburgh Judge
John E. Sw'ift was reelected Su
The Holy See excommunicated
all those responsible for the arrest
and imprisonment of Bishop Au
gustine Pacha, 80, of Timisora, Ru
mania. The Chinese communists
sent Archbishop Gaetano Pollio of
Kaifeng to prison for six months
expelled Archbishop Anthony Ri
beri, Papal Intcrnuncio to China,
and Bishop William Quinn of Yu
kiang, from China.
Death claimed: Bishop Enrico
Valtora, 68. of Hong Kong Arch
bishop Stanislas Gillet, 75, former
Master General of the Dominicans
Frank J. Murray, 66. retired Mar
quette and Virginia universities
football coach, and William J.
(Bill) Klem, 77, former National
In a double ceremony in Seattle,
the Most Rev. Thomas A. Connol
ly was installed as first Archbish
op of Seattle, and the Most Rev.
Joseph P. Dougherty was conse
crated first Bishop of Yakima.
Bishop Thomas J. Feeney, S.J., was
consecrated in Boston as Vicar
Apostolic of the Marshall and Car
oline Islands. The Japanese Peace
Treaty was signed in San Francis
co. Mrs. Robert L. Putnam of
Springfield, Mass., and Dr. Francis
M. Hammond of Seton Hall Uni
versity, South Orange, N. J., were
named for the 1951 James J. Hoey
Awards for promoting interracial
Nomination of Gen. Mark W.
Clark to be full-scale U. S. Am
bassador to the Vatican by Presi
dent Truman stirred up a thunder
of Protestant protests, but Con
gress adjourned before action
could be taken and the President
indicated he will resubmit nomi
nation when Congress meets in
An army of 110,000 men march
ed in the parade in the fifth na
tional Holy Name convention in
Detroit, largest parade in city’s
history. William F. Montavon retir
ed after 2 years as director of the
N. C.W.C. Legal Department. Some
2.500.000 took part in a nine state
and District of Columbia Family
Rosary crusade staged by Fr. Pat
rick Peyton, CSC.
A wave of materialism spreading
over Canada was deplored at the
annual meeting of the Canadian
Hierarchy in Ottawa. The National
Council of Catholic Youth was
formed at a historic meeting in
Cincinnati and was followed by the
Third National Catholic Youth Con
ference convention. Pope Pius can
onized Bishop Antonio M. Gianelli,
Fr. Francis Bianchi and Capuchin
Brother Ignazio da Laconi, all of
whom lived in Italy in the eigh
At annual meeting in Washing
ton. 130 members of U.S. Hier
archy issued a statement calling
for recognition of the moral law
as the only permissible and re
liable guide of conduct in public
and private life. Baltimore’s
Archbishop Francis P. Keough was
reelected Chairman of the N.C.
W.C. Administrative Board. Pope
Pius named Archbishop Gerald
O’Hara. Bishop of Savannah-Atlan
ta, as Papal Nuncio to Ireland, and
Buffalo’s Bishop John F. O'Hara,
S C., Archbishop of Philadelphia
Death claimed: Archbishop Jo
seph H. Schlarman, 72, Bishop of
Peoria Bishop Patrick A, McGov
ern, 79. of Cheyenne Archabbot
Alfred Koch, O.S.B., 72, oi St.
Vincent's Archabbey, Latrobe. Pa.
Brother Salesius Klein, 71, head
of the Poor Brothers of St. Fran
cis, fatally beaten by two men in
Hoboken, N.J,, on eie ol his de
parture for Germany.
The ninth national congress of
the Confraternity ot Christian Doc
trine drew 4O.(M)O to Chicago. Eu
gene J. Butler was named head
ol the N.C.W.C. Legal Depart
ment. A nation wide Thanksgiv
ing emergency clothing drive to
aid Korean refugees was conduct
cd in 14,000 parishes. His Em
inence Gregory Peter XV Cardinal
Agagianian, Patriach of Cilicia of
the Armenians, arrived for a two
rronth visit to the U.S., Canada.
Archbishop Ignatius Pi Shu-shih
of Mukden. Manchuria, was report
ed arrested hv Chinese Reds
As the year 1951 drew to a
close Archbishop Aloysius Step
inac ot Zagreb, Yugoslavia, was
released from prison after five
years by the Tito regime but con
lined to his home in Krasic. The
N.Y State Board of Regents ad-
THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1951
Ont of the great spiritual
events of 1951 was the closing of
the Holy Year, a ceremony at
Fatima, Portugal, in October at
which 100,000 received Holy
(Continued from Page 1)
and between peoples,” and this
mission lives on and is active in
The tragic condition of the mod
ern world, the Pope asserted, has
been made more desperate by
those who, skeptically and disdain
fully, depy the competence of the
Church in effective action for
Speaking about the relations of
the Church with states, the Pontiff
pointed to “the indissoluble union
of states” as being demanded by
nature, as “a fact which is imposed
upon them”, and through which, by
consenting to it, “they ans er the
voice of nature.” With them, as so
cieties existing for the mainten
ance of peace, Christ—and the
Church in whom He continues to
live—“has entered into a new and
intimate relationship which ele
vates and strengthens society,” the
Pope said, adding:
“This is the basis for the singu
lar contribution which the Church
by her very nature makes to the
cause of peace, that is, when her
life and her action among men oc
cupy the place that is their due.”
The Pope referred to “not a few
highly-placed persons in what is
called ‘the free world’,” who re
veal “an aversion to the Church,
that importunate preacher of some
thing which others pretend to have,
but have not, and which they
unjustly say that the Church has
not: We mean respect and esteem
for genuine freedom.”
In conclusion, the Pope express
ed his awareness that in vast parts
of the world his call for peace
“docs not reach, except in mutilat
ed form, the ‘Church of Silence’.”
In these regions, he pointed out,
“millions cannot profess openly
their responsibility before God for
peace,” and cannot exercise “their
Christian influence for moral free
dom and for peace, because these
words, peace and freedom, have be
come the stolen monopoly of pro
fessional trouble makers and wor
shippers of force.”
“Nevertheless, even with bound
arms and closed lips, the ‘Church
of Silence’ nobly responds to our
invitation." the Holy Father con
eluded. “With a look she points to
the still fresh graves of her mar
tyrs confident that her silent
holocaust and her sufferings are a
most potent contribution to the
cause of peace."
vocated starting each public school
day with prayer.
Cardinal Spellman, Military
Vicar of U. S Armed Forces, went
to Korea to spend Christmas with
the nations fighting men. Fr.
Daniel A. Lord, S.J., was named
lor the 1951 Marianist Medal by
the V. ol Dayton, and Richard
Pattcc, author-lecturer, was nam
ed for the 1951 Catholic Action
Medal by St. Bonaventure U. Max
Jordan, famed NC correspondent
and author, was ordained to the
priesthood by Archbishop Muench,
Papal Nuncio to Germany, at Beu
Golden ordination jubilees were
marked by Fr. James M. Gillis.
C.S.P., editor-columnist, and Dorn
Pablo Maria Moore, Carthusian,
who gained fame as Fr. Thomas
Verner Moore. Binedict ine, psy
chologist-psychiatrist: they had
been ordained together in 1901.
A $6,000 Chinese communist ran
som demand for release of Bishop
Adolph J. Paschang of Kongmoon.
a prisoner, was spurned by Bishop
Raymond A. Lane. Maryknoll Sup
erior. Bishop Philip »Cote of
Suchow, U.S.-born Jesuit, was
taken prisoner by Chinese Reds
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(Continued from‘Page 1)
Deanery and John W. Kerrigan,
Pastor of Sacred Heart Church,
Coshocton, and Dean of the North
Named Papal Chamberlains were
the Very Rev. Monsignori Harry S.
Connelly, Pastor of St. Joseph Ca
thedral, and Harold O’Donnell, As
sistant Chancellor of the Diocese.
To the Rev. George A. Fulcher,
now Assistant Pastor of the Ca
thedral, the Angelicum University
in Rome awarded the degree of
Doctor of Sacred Theology at the
completion of his studies there in
In August the Capuchin Fathers
retired from two parishes of the
Diocese St. Paul’s, Westerville,
and Sacred Heart, New Phila
delphia. Their house at St. Jo
seph's, Dover, became a monastery,
having the required complement
of priests necessary for full ob
servance of the Capuchin rule.
In October a priest of the St.
Cloud (Minn.) Diocese came to Co
lumbus to take over his duties as
chaplain at the Lockbourne Air
Fdrce base. The Rev. (Lt.) Frank
H. Ebner reported that an estimat
ed 25 percent of the base's 4,000
men were Catholics.
Throughout the year there were
many additions and improvements
in the physical structures of the
parishes in the Diocese, including
a new' church and a new chapel,
two new schools, a new convent,
four rectories (one of them new),
and a number of building proj
ects begun or planned.
The new St. Peter’s Church, Chil
licothe, was dedicated by Bishop
Ready April 15. It replaced the
102-year-old building destroyed by
fire in 1947. The Bishop also bless
ed the new chapel of Holy Spirit
parish. Columbus, on April 8.
Work was begun early in the
year on the new Church of Corpus
Christi, Columbus, which will re
place the crypt built in 1932.
Bishop Ready dedicated the new
Christ the King School, Columbus,
May 27, and laid the cornerstone
of the projected Our Lady of Peace
School, Columbus, June 24.
In the summer, construction was
begun on the proposed Notre Dame
Catholic high school at Portsmouth.
The new 16-room rectory of St.
Aloysius’ Church, Columbus, was
begun in April, and at West Ports
mouth parishioners of Our Lady of
Sorrows Church purchased a 7
room house adjacent to the church
for a rectory.
Seven-room houses also were
converted into rectories at St.
Francis de Sales’ Church, New
comerstown, and St. Monica’s, New
On April 30 Bishsop Ready bless
ed the new convent of the Sisters
of Mercy who teach at Holy Fam
ily schools, Columbus, and on Oct.
6, he performed the same service
at the new convent of Our Lady of
The enlarged physical education
department at St. Charles’ Semi
nary and Preparatory School was
dedicated at the opening of the
basketball season on Nov. 30.
Meanwhile at least three church
es announced plans for expanding
and improving their parish build
ings They were St. Colman’s,
Washington Court House St. Vin
cent de Paul's, Mt. Vernon, and St.
One of the most remarkable de
velopments of 1951 in the Colum
bus Diocese was the $9,000,000 hos
pital expansion program affecting
In May the Bishop blessed a new,
6-story wing at Mercy Hospital,
Portsmouth, that doubled the insti
On Nov. 1 he blessed the new
department of physical medicine at
Mt. Carmel Hospital. Columbus,
representing the completion of a
floor in the new eight-story wing
under construction there.
In the same month he blessed
the cornerstone of a new four-storv
wing at Mercy Hospital, Mt. Ver
New construction at St. Ann’s
Hospital, Columbus, expected to
double its capacity, is nearly com
An adjacent building formerly
occupied by the Carmelite Sisters
was added to St. Rita’s Home for
the Aged and Infirm.
Also announced in the past year
were the proposed construction ol
$1,600,000 wing at Good Samari
tan Hospital, Zanesville, and of two
new wings at St. Anthony's, Co
Other works «of mercy moved
tree Delivery ot Medical Needs
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Diocese Moved Forward In 1951
forward in 1951. The St. Vincent
de Paul Society was organized for
mally on a Diocese-wide basis, with
a preliminary meeting for priests,
a general meeting which drew sev
eral hundred delegates, and the
first meeting of the Particular
Council, which Anthony Murnane
of Columbus was chosen to head.
The annual Laetare Sunday col
lection—the Bishop’s Fund for Vic
time of War —brought in more
than $50,000, and the Thanksgiving
clothing collection for the war vic
tims yielded more than 66,000
pounds, or nearly two and a half
times as much as the preceding
In the summer the Society for
the Propagation of the Faith re
ported 4.600 members in the Co
lumbus Diocese at the end of June,
a rise of 20 percent.
A hint of the extent of the Cath
olic Welfare Bureau’s activities al
so came at the end of June, when
the Bureau announced that 550
children were under its care.
On Nov. 8 Catholic Charities re
ported the arrival of 17 displaced
persons from Europe in one day,
the largest number ever to arrive
in one day. They brought the total
number of DP’s resettled in the Di
ocese to 275.
At least four major events help
ed underscore the Church's social
doctrine. These were the forum
in May commemorating the 60th
anniversary of Pope Leo XIIl’s
“Rerum Novarum” and the 20th
anniversary of Pope Pius Xi’s
“Quadragesimo Anno” the sev
enth annual Labor Day Mass at
the Cathedral the two-day meet
ing of the Catholic Conference on
Industrial Problems in October
and the meeting of the Midwest
Clergy Conference on Negro Wel
Unusual events among the Sis
ters of the Diocese in 1951 includ
ed the solemn enclosure of the
new Carmel of the Immaculate
Heart of Mary in Columbus on
March 1, when 11 cloistered Dis
eased Carmelite Sisters were shut
off from the world, and the solemn
profession on March 19 of four
Chinese Dominican Sisters at St.
Mary of the Springs Convent, Co
The Diocesan Council of Catho
lic Women met in Zanesville May
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ence, and in Columbus Oct. 2 for
a one-day convention.
The Diocesan Holy Name Union
held its annual convention Dec. 1
and elected Joseph Tritschler ot
The Catholic Youth Council con
ducted a two-day conference in Co
lumbus Nov. 24 and 25, electing
Robert Hill of Columbus president.
Other meetings included the con
vention of the Ohio unit of the
National Catholic Music Education
Association in November the
Critics’ Forum a series of public
book reviews—sponsored by the
International Federation of Cath
olic Alumnae the annual teach
ers’ meeting prior to the opening
of school in the fall the annual
dinner and meeting of the Catho
lic Laymen’s Retreat League the
Erskine Lecture series, which be
gan again in the fall at the College
of St. Mary of the Springs and
the Catholic Men’s Luncheon Club's
series of luncheon-meetings on th*
There were other events, many of
them of a spiritual nature and of
lasting consequence. On Pentecost
Sunday 300 adults received the Sac
rament of Confirmation in St. Jo
seph's Cathedral. On June 3 there
was a special Diocesan-wide ob
servance of the beatitfication of
Pope Pius X. And on Cemetery
Sunday, Oct. 28, the annual cus
tom of holding ceremonies in mem
ory of the faithful departed took
place throughout the Diocese.
The year brought many interest
ing visitors to the Diocese. Soma
of these were: Bishop Paul A.
Yamaguchi of Nagasaki Bishop
Francis B. Cialio, O.P.. of Multan,
Pakistan Bishop K. Ansgar Nel
son, Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of
Sweden Archbishop Joseph Hur
ley of St. Augustine, Fla. Arch
bishop Paul Yu-pin of Nanking,
China: Dr. Charles Malik, Leb
anese Minister to the U.S., and
John J. Hearne, Ireland’s first am
bassador to this country.
To live is to change, according
to Cardinal Newman, and not the
least of the changes of the life of
the Columbus Diocese in 1951 was
the metamorphosis of the Colum
bus Register into the Catholic
Times, which took place at the
beginning of October.
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