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YEAR OF THE LORD IN 1952! Vol. 1, No. 14 Reparation Is Keynote Of Sunday Millions In Nation Offer Prayer And Penance For All Persecuted (N.C.W.C. News Service) In the Columbus Diocese as well as throughout the nation, Catho lics last Sunday besieged heaven with prayers and penances in ans wer to the call of their Bishops to observe December 30 as a day of prayer and reparation for their persecuted brethren in the com munist-ruled lands. Following the last Sunday Mass in city churches, from coast to coast there was all-day exposition of the Blessed Sacrament. In the late afternoon or evening, there was a Holy Hour at which Litanies and other special prayers were re cited, followed by Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. In rural chapels of the nation, where all-day exposition was in advisable, there were Holy Hours followed by Benediction. At virtually all Sunday Masses, appropriate sermons were preach ed, dealing with the most cruel persecution of the Church in mod ern times. Prayers were offered too for the conversion of Russia. In some localities the faithful made their way through drifts of snow to reach their churches. In other places they traveled along icy streets and highways, in bitter cold, to be one with their fellow Catholics of the United States in remembering their persecuted brethren in other lands. The day of prayer and repara tion was the outgrowth of a re solution adopted by the Archbish ops and Bishops of the United Sta tes at their annual General Meet ing in Washington, in November. This resolution expressed sorrow over the indifference of so-called Christian governments toward the “frightful persecution.” The re solution also called the roll of na tions in which the persecution of religion now rages, including Rus sia, the Ukraine, Yugoslavia, Hun gary, Rumania, Bulgaria, Albania, Eastern Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Eastern Germany, Mongolia, China and Northern Korea. In the wake of the resolution, Archbishop Francis P. Keough of Baltimore, Chairman of the Admin istrative Catholic patched Bishops letter requesting that Sunday, De cember 30 (the day following the Feast of St. Thomas a Becket, martyred Archbishop of Canter bury, who was killed in 1170, in a persecution of another era) be ob served with prayers and acts of reparation offered up in behalf of persecuted co-religionists in com munist-dominated countries. Board of the National Welfare Conference, dis to all Archbishops and of the United States a The response of the Archbishops and Bishops was immediate, and the cooperation of the laity was earnest and impressive in every section of the United States. -----------------o----------------- Scotland District Says No Catholic Teachers Wanted LONDON, (NC) A Catholic cannot become a teacher in the Scots county of Caithness, it has been revealed. Col. Ian McHardy, Caithness di rector of education, announced this when he told the county educa tion committee that he was asking an applicant for the post of do mestic science teacher at Wick High School whether she was a Protestant or a Catholic. The rule is contained in the education committee’s minutes, he pointed out. The applicant was from Ire land. A member of the committee, James Mulraine, objected to this, saying that if there were Catholic pupils there should be Catholic teachers. Councillor J. Abrach Mackay said the school was a Protestant one and they should try to avoid appointing a Catholic. The com mittee deferred its decision. ------------------o------------------ Directors To Plan Regional Meeting Of Catholic Youth Catholic Youth Directors of the Cincinnati Province which in cludes the six Dioceses of Ohio— will meet in Columbus Wednesday. Jan. 9, to draw up plans for a re gional convention of the recently formed National Council of Cathol ic Youth. The Rev. Vincent Mooney, Dio cesan Youth Director, will be host to next week’s planning session. Moderator of the Regional Council of Catholic Youth is the Rev. Earl L. Whalen, CYO Director Oa the Cincinnati Archdiocese. Tentative plans call for the re gional convention to take place In Columbus in April. Recent reports from Budapest indicated that Monsignor Beresz toczy had been named Vicar Gener al of the Esztergom archdiocese. Exactly who named him to the post, the regime or Bishop Hamvas, or under what circumstances is not known. However, it is known that after the imprisonment of Archbishop Josef Groesz of Kal ocsa, the regime forced govern ment appointed “administrators” on some of the Bishops. It is believed possible here that the regime may have forced Mon signor Beresztoczy on Bishop Ham vas after it arrested Monsignor Ma trai. Vatican Radio quoted cent issue of the Hungarian ier, semi-official Catholic service, which stated that signor Beresztoczy was i those attending the November monthly meeting of the Hungar ian Bishops’ conference. One question discussed at the meeting, the broadcast said, was “interned clergymen.” I a re i Cour news Mon- among Vatican Radio has broadcast an other report stating that Bishop Bartholemew Badalik of Veszprem has been completely isolated from his clergy and faithful by com munist police. This had led to the belief that the regime may be preparing a “trial” against the Bishop, the broadcast said. Another Vatican Radio broad cast quoted reports stating that already 1,500 priests and semin arians have been drafted for mili tary duty by the Hungarian re gime. The broadcast stated that the regime claims it must draft the clergymen because of the need of manpower to “defend peace." They Prayed For Iron Curtain Victims Uprooted from their homes by Red aggression, these former displaced persons, now settled in Columbus, were glad to offer last Sunday as a day of prayer and reparation for their persecuted brethern in Com munist-dominated lands. They are, left to right: Miss Maria Biskic and her mother, Mrs. Angela Biskic of St. Ladislaus parish, whose husband, Pietro, was separated from them by the Communists in Yugoslavia in 1944 and has not been heard of since then and Mrs. Anna Speharovic and her husband, Stephen, and their 14-month-old baby, Ann Marie. The Speharovics also are refugees from Red-ruled Yugoslavia. Hungarian Reds Jail Prelate, Step Up War Against Church LONDON, (NC) Msgr. Gyula Matrai, who has served as Vicar General of the Esztergom arch diocese in Hungary, has been sen tenced to two years in prison by a Red court, according to a report broadcast by Vatican Radio. The Vatican broadcast identi fied Monsignor Matrai as an asso ciate of His Eminence Josef Card inal Mindszenty, imprisoned Pri mate of Hungary. It stated that he had been approached to join the movement of the “patriotic priests” and had refused to do so. Monsignor Matrai was appointed Vicar General of the Esztergom archdiocese in the latter part of 1950. This occurred after the Holy See intervened to appoint Bishop Andrew Hamvas of Csanad as Apostolic Administrator of the archdiocese and thus end the term of vicar capitular of Msgr. Miklos Beresztoczy, a pro commun i s priest and leader of the “patrio tic priests” movement. The real aim of the maneuver, the broadcast added, is to prevent young priests from carrying on their ecclesiastical ministry. Hungarian Pastor, ‘Tried* By Reds, Dies In Prison ROME—(NC)—A Hungarian pas tor, sentenced to 15 years impris onment by the Red regime in Hungary, has died in prison, ac cording to word received in refu gee circles here. The Rev. Istvan Justh was “tried” at the same time as Robert Vogeler, the American business man, later released. All funeral commemorations of Father Justh were forbidden by the Hungarian authorities. But the people of his parish, the report said, attended his Requiem Mass in large num bers. Red Radio Broadcasts Use Names Of Churchmen Behind Iron Curtain LONDON, (NC) As His Holi ness Pope Pius XII appealed over Vatican Radio at Christmas for “a perfect Christian order’ only safe basis for nist radio stations Christmas “peace” different type. Displaced Persons Make Merry At Party As Old Friends Meet One of the most heart-warming, events of the Christmas season took place last Sunday when more than 150 displaced persons who have been resettled in the Colum bus area under Catholic auspices gathered at a party sponsored for them by the Central Deanery unit of the Catholic Youth Council. There were excited conversa tions in all the languages of Eas tern Europe, with much laughter and a few tears, as the families met in the Nurses Home of St. Francis Hospital for an afternoon of entertainment and refresh ments. The Rev. William E. Kappes, Director of Charities and Hospitals, spoke warm words of welcome, and the Rev. Paul Laurinaitis, Lithu anian priest who came here in June as a DP, translated them in to several European tongues. One of the most touching inci dents of the affair was the reunion of two couples who had he*n friends two years earlier in one of as the peace, commu beamed forth message of a The messages were attributed to religious leaders in the Iron Cur tain countries. But their tone varied greatly from that of the Pope. His Holiness declared that permanent peace can be found only if the world returns to Christ ian beliefs. The messages attribu ted to the Iron Curtain prelates railed at the western “aggressors.” One broadcast by 9he Moscow radio quoted what it called the Christmas address of “Catholic Bishop Peter Strods” in the cathed ral at Riga, Latvia. (According to the Pontifical yearbook, Archbishop Anthony Springovics of the Riga archdiocese and the Rt. Rev. Peter Strods is a Monsignor of the archdiocese.) “We are living in days when a new world war threatens,” Radio Moscow quoted Monsignor Strods as saying. “That the menace of the United States and British ag (Continued on Page 2) most recent is still head Europe’s DP camps. To Mr. and Mrs. Ivan a Slovenian couple, and Mrs. Lario Stilinovic of via, the reunion was the of the whole afternoon. Lampret, Mr. and Yugosla highlight There were other highlights, however. One of them was the presentation of a hand-carved, rich ly ornamented wooden cross by the Ukrainian Catholics of Columbus— all former DP’s—to the Rev. Law rence Corcoran, Assistant Director of Charities, in gratitude for his work in resettling them here. Congratulations came from all sides to a young Latvian couple, Mr. and Mrs. Janis Villums. who were married in St. Joseph’s Cathe dral last July. They first met in a European DP camp four years ago. Diffident at first, the guests lost their shyness as the afternoon wore on and by the time the party was over, all of them seemed to feel a little less displaced. Bishop In Soviet Zone COLOGNE, (NC) Msgr. Fried rich Rintelen, Vicar General of the Archdiocese Westphalia, has second Auxiliary diocese. He will burg, in the Soviet zone of occu pation. There Bishop Rintelen will replace Bishop Wilhelm Wesk amm, who some months ago be came Bishop of Berlin. of o....-............. Communists’ Phony ‘Peace’ Messages Hit of Paderborn, been appointed Bishop of that reside in Magde- One day, as his friends were car rying him to his station, he saw St. Peter and St. John walking towards the Temple and asked for alms. Peter said: “Silver and gold I have none but what I have I give thee. In the name of Jesus Christ of Naz areth, arise and walk.” Taking the man by his right hand, St. Peter raised him up, and immediately his feet and ankles became strong. And the lame man went with them into the Temple, walking, leaping and praising God. The Acts of the Apostles, which records this event, relates that this miracle occasioned at least 5,000 conversions This narrative was the occasion of a terrific storm some 40 years ago. At the time it was a storm in a teacup, but its reververations were destined to spread over the world. There was a deanery meeting of Episcopalian clergymen in a small rural town of Long Island, N.Y. They were concerned with gather ing funds for foreign missions. A well known speaker was invited to address the meeting. The speak er was the Rev. Paul Francis Watt son, S.A., founder of an Episcopal ian religious community on Fran ciscan lines at Graymoor Monas tery here in Garrison. For some time this man had stud ied and prayed over the position of St. Peter in God’s plan for His Church. He related the event of St. Peter and the lame man at the Temple gate. Then he launched in to a fiery appeal. He declared that the lame man was a symbol of the Anglican communion: lame from birth and lying prostrate just be yond the door of entrance of the Catholic Church, its hands always outstretched for alms. The only hope for health was for them to fix their gaze on the successor of St. peter and beg for the power of walking and leaping into the Church of God. As might be expected, this ser mon aroused furious opposition and was interrupted before he was able to develop his theme needless to say, he was never invited to preach again. But Father Paul, as he was called, continued his propa ganda through a monthly magazine called The Lamp. In the latter part of 1907, he call- Fr. Healey Awarded MA By Ohio State University Th Rev. Edward F. Healey, pro fessor of Latin and English at St. Charles Seminary, Columbus, was awarded the degree of Master of Arts in Classical Languages by Ohio State University Dec. 20. Father Healey was awarded the degree after the completion of two years work at the University and the submitting of a thesis which dealt with the editing of a 15th century manuscript on a play by Terence. AF The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, Jan. 4, 1952 History Of Unity Octave Is An Inspiring Story Of Grace (This article dealing with the world wide observance of the Chair Unity Octave, is written by the director of the observance in the United states and a member of the Franciscian Friars of the Atone ment, which, while a Protestant community, originated the period of prayer for the return of separated Christians to union with the Holy See and for the conversion of noni-Christtans. The Octave observance is conducted annually from January 18, Feast of St. Peter's Chair at Rome, to January 25, Feast of the Conversion of St- Paul.) By Rev. Edward F. Hanahoe, S.A. (Written for N.C.W.C. News Service) GARRISON, N.Y.—There was a man, lame from his mother’s womb, who sat daily, by the gate of the Temple of Jerusalem, begging. He was a familiar sight to the regular Temple visitors. Joys Of Ordination Described By Max Jordan, Priest At 57 Famous News Reporter Makes The Headlines, Then Writes The Story Himself The following article was written by Dr- Jordan at the request of N.C.W.C. News Service, which he has served for many years, and is continuing to serve as a news correspondent. Dr. Jordan was or dained to the priesthood at the age of 57, December 8, at the Bene dictine Archabbey of Beuron, Germany. The rare character of the event was deemed ample reason to acquaint the millions of readers who know him through his dispatches with the thoughts and feelings of a newspaperman ordained at 57. By Rev. Dr. Max Jordan Correspondent, N.C.W.C. News Service BEURON, Germany, Dec. 29 “That you may a priest I” Archbishop Aloisius J. Muench, Bishop of Fargo Nuncio to Germany, the golden mitre on his head, the right hand, had imparted to me his solemn blessing at the end of my ordination. I had recited the Creed and promised “reverence obedience” to him as my Ordinary, and to his successors. Now I was a priest: a minister of the eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ. ing to the likeness of Melchise dech" (Hebr. 7,15). A priest forever “accord In rapt silence, the congregation which was packing the church of this famed Benedictine Abbey had witnessed the rites at the altar. My family and many dear friends were present in the front pews. The choir of monks had chanted the Mass of the Feast of the Im maculate Conception. But I was alone with my God. O Lord, how wonderful are the ways of Thy Providence! In Thy infinite mercy hast Thou received me as Thy servant. Through the bounty of Thy unfathomable grace hast Thou fulfilled the deep long- ed for widespread prayer for unity with the See of Peter. It was a real stroke of genius when he discover ed the best time for this prayer. He discovered in the Roman calendar that the Feast of the Chair of St. Peter at Rome was observed on January 18 and the Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul on January 25 the period embracing these two feasts was eight days—an Oc tave. That was how the Chair of Unity Octave was born. It u'as first observed by the com munity he founded and some sym pathetic readers of The Lamp mag azine in 1908. The clash between opposition and enthusiasm which greeted the first observance of the Octave, served to spread it all the farther. By October 30, 1909, the tiny community of the Society of the Atonement was received into the Catholic Church. This unique type of reception was made possible through the gracious concession of Blessed Pope Pius X, who had him self followed the development of the community with great interest and prayed for its conversion. The same Pope also gave his approval and blessing on the work of pro moting the Chair of Unity Octave. This has been repeated by all the Popes who have succeeded him. (Continued on Page 2) Holy Name Rally Jan. 13 be blessed as and Apostolic crozier in his and ring of my soul. Twenty-seven been given the man can obtain: to Beuron, the experience of the Benedictine liturgy, contacts with the Fathers who are the guardians of one of Europe’s most popular sanctuaries and pilgrimage centers had then been the determining factors of my conversion from Pro testantism. had any years ago I greatest gift the Faith. Visits Twenty-seven years ago I had become a Catholic, and ever since I had felt the calling to become a priest, to go all out in the follow ing of Christ, to heart and soul to His Church. And goal was achieved, a priest devote myself the service of now the high I had become I was looking back on the years of my life, on my travels all over the world as a newspaperman, on the variety of my expierences as a reporter and broadcaster, always in the forefront, as it were, of history, always concerned with the day’s news and always yearn ing for the truth which is eternal, for the values which transcend the mere ephemerals of human affairs. St. Augustine had long convinc ed me that the heart of man can not find rest unless it rests in God, but it seemed that I was destined to serve Him as best I could, as a layman, battered about in the stream of contemporary events. Even before becoming a convert, I had longed for a life entirely de voted to the service of the Church, as a priest, or Religious perhaps. However, a good many obstacles stood in my way. Family obliga tions, ties to the world which could not be severed without, perhaps, causing harm to others, a political situation fraught with extraordin ary uncertainties which affected my own as well as the destinies of other people to such an extent that personal ambitions and legiti (Continued on Page 2) Over $100,000 Is Allotted By Chest To Three Agencies Allocations totaling more than $100,000 from the Community Chest to Catholic welfare agencies in Columbus were announced last week. The Catholic Welfare Bureau re ceives $62,500, or $12,500 more than last year’s allotment. To St. Euphrasia’s School, con ducted by the Good Shepherd Sis ters, the Chest allotted $22,928.98, compared with last year’s $19,800. St. Stephen’s Conmunity House receives $20,230 this year, com pared with $17,500 allocated to it last year. Asks Less Stress on Credits More on Theology, in Colleges One of the nation’s leading Ca tholic educators last week called for greater emphasis on theology in Catholic colleges and less on counting up credits. He is Dr. Roy J. Deferrari, Sec retary-General of the Catholic Uni versity of America, who addressed the 13th annual convention of the American Catholic Sociifiogica! So ciety at Washington, D. C. He urged Catholic college admin istrators to reorganize their cur ricula “so that emphasis is placed on studying subject matter and on training the intellect and the spir it, not on accumulating credits.” The revamped college program, Dr. Deferrari declared, “must be centered about a group of basic and unifying subjects: theology, philosophy, and history but es pecially theology.” Dr. Deferrari said that Catholic educators, “while loudly proclaim ing the importance of theology and philosophy in Catholic higher education, have all too often just drifted along, imitating their non Catholic neighbors, and trusting in a few desultory courses in so-called religious education and the general atmosphere of their institutions to provide that element which would justify their being called Catholic.” “The so-called ‘elective’ system. although followed only in part but I I with little discrimination, has led to the downfall of many Catholic colleges as Catholic colleges,” he said. “Likewise the introduction of ‘ad hoc’ courses into various programs of study in such numbers that the professed purpose of a Catholic college is obscured, has contributed heavily to this same end.” (Dr. Deferrari gave as examples of “ad hoc” subjects “certain cour ses” in business, home economics, and library science.) “The program of the great ma jority of colleges today is not a unit bound together by a pervad ing philosophy and theology, with all the teachers and students par ticipating in the program conscious of the common end of their com bined efforts, but a largely hetero geneous collection of separate and distinct compartments of learning with each teacher thinking primar ily of the purely intellectual or academic phase of his own subject alone, and the student expecting nothing more than this from course and its teacher,” tinned. “Any consciousness of tionship between a course total program has been essentially lost.” each con- he a rela and the As its contribution to a reform (Continued on Page 2) James J. Rabbitt, above, is Chair man of the Central Deanery Holy Name Rally scheduled for Jan. 13. Clothes Drive Nets 7 Million Pounds in U. S. NEW YORK—(NC)—More than 7.000.000 pounds of clothing, blan kets and shoes were collected in the Bishops’ emergency clothing campaign conducted in Catholic churches throughout the United States during Thanksgiving week, according to an announcement by Msgr. Edward E. Swanstrom. exec utive director of War Relief Serv ices—National Catholic Welfare Conference, under whose auspices the campaign was conducted. Monsignor Suanstrom said that 5,300,000 pounds of these needed materials already are on their way to the suffering people in Korea, the refugees and expellees in Ger many, Austria, Italy and other Western European countries, and to hundreds of thousands of ref ugees in the Middle East. Ship ments have also gone forward for thousands of refugees in Hong Kong and Formosa. “Because of the great suffering in war-torn Korfea, nearly 1,500.-000 pounds of materials have been for warded to that area.” Monsignor Swanstrom stated. “Similarly be cause of the suffering occasioned by the recent floods in Italy, an equally large shipment was for warded to that country for distri bution through the Pontifical Com mission of Assistance. A shipment was made to those who were tims of volcanic eruption in Philippine Islands. “The tremendous response this campaign by the good people of the United States.” Monsignor Swanstrom said, “is an indication of their continuous sympathy for the suffering that is going on in other parts of the world and of their desire to lend the sufferers every possible assistance. ‘WE HAVE SEEN HIS STAR IN THE EAST Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year Expect 15,000 Men Of Diocese To Pray For Peace Of Christ An army of men, 15,000 strong, from the Diocese of Columbus will make a concerted effort for peace in the world when they meet in churches throughout the diocese Sunday. Jan. 13 at 3 They are the men of the Holy Name Society, whose theme for this year’s annual rally is the cessation of armed warfare throughout the world that the peace of Christ may enter the hearts of all men. The men from the central dean ery will meet in St. Joseph Cathed ral where, after a hymn to the Holy Name, they will be led in the recitation of the Rosary by the Very Rev. Msgr. Harry S. Connelly, pastor of the Cathedral. The sermon for the occasion will be preached by the Rev. James Cleary. O.M.I., of the Oblate Mis* sion Band at West Jefferson. The Rev. Albert E. Culliton, Diocesan Director of the Holy Name So ciety, will lead the men in the re newal of the Holy Name pledge. James J. Rabbitt, chairman of the rally, will be agisted by the following men: Fergus A. Theibert, Robert Leis* ter, Matthew Haban, Eugene Cass ady, Charles Stolpa Joseph Weis enbach. Charles Leach. Henry Rein hardt, Charles Gilbert and Jack McAndrews. Programs similar io the one be ing held in the Central Deanery will be observed in the other four deaneries of the diocese. All the men have been urged to attend the Holy Name Mass to be offered that morning and to receive Commun ion for the intention of the Bishop. Bishop Will Celebrate Epiphany At Orphanage Bishop Ready will celebrate “Little Christmas,” the feast of the Epiphany, Sunday. Jan. 6, with the orphans at St. Vincent’s Orphanage, Columbus. The Bishop will celebrate Mass at 9 a. m. in the chapel at St. Vincent’s after which a program will be presented in his honor by the children. Luncheon Club Will Welcome New Officers New officers of the Catholic Men’s Luncheon Club will be in stalled Friday. Jan. 4. at the next regular luncheon meeting, in the Virginia Hotel, Columbus. The new president, named with other officers at a meeting of the Board of Trustees, Dec. 28. is Law rence T. Murnane, Christ the King Parish, Columbus. Other new of ficers of the club are: Frank J. Lorenz, St. Christopher, vice presi dent Leo Kletzly, Immaculate Con ception, secretary, and E. W. Bnn gardner. Holy Rosary, treasurer. vic the Thomas W. Applegate. Columbus attorney, will be the speaker at the Jan. 4 meeting. “A Catholic Law yer's Approach to Domestic Prob lems,” is his topic. to New members of the Luncheon Club’s Board of Trustees were elec ted at the last meeting, Dec. 7. They are: E. W. Bringardner, Ralph J. Kramer, Sr., E. H. Echen rode, Charles E. Leach, and Ed. O. Ryan. Where Persecution Once Raffed This imposing 65-foot statue of Christ the King, claimed to be the largest in the Americas, was recently dedicated on Cubilete Mountain, near Leon, Mexico, on top of the highest peak in the state. The Sculptor was Fideas Elizondo. More than 100,000 pilgrims were pres* ent at its dedication. It is located at almost the exact geographical cantor of Mexico.