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THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus, Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. 0 Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio. Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to O Box 636, Columbus 16. Ohio Price of The Catholic Times is ?3 per year All subscriptions should be presented to our office through the pastors of the parishes. 'Remittances should be made payable to The Cath olic Timet Anonymout communications will be disregarded. W* do nbt hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed the communications of our correspondents. Entered es Second Class Matter at Post Office Columbus. Ohio. St- Francis de Sales. Patron of the Catholic Press and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Us I This Paper Printed by Union Labor The People and Politics The political cene in the United States is begin ning to take a lot of attention The recent “popular ity contest’’ in New Hampshire serves to start the show which will continue until after election next November. Millions of dollars in pulbicity. effort.i and time will be given to this national work. The in terest given to it by individual citizens will be tre mendous. First of all, Americans will be aroused politically by the contest for President of their beloved nation. Two great political parties will use every means to place their favorite candidate in the White House. In the effort already beginning, the great task seems to be to find a candidate who will attract votes in other words, one who can win. The contest may be come bitter in places, and on occasions. But. thank God for the American spirit, the day after election will find our people pretty calm and settled. There are less than nine months until Election Day in November. This will not be too much time for aspirants to public office to prepare and conduct their campaigns, first for primary elections, and then for the final general election. On the other hand it will not be too easy for the general public to become acquainted with the qualities and capabili ties of the candidates. The time will have to be used well. Right now it would seem good counsel to remem ber that it is not just the President that is to be elected there are many other offices to be filled, all of them important. Indeed, the President will be able to do little if other public officials on the national, state and community levels are not of high caliber. We have heard a lot about corruption in public of fice. This makes it all the more imperative that men and women of high integrity seek these po sitions of trust. And it is just as important that all citizens see to it that only such candidates are chosen as are honest and capable. This should be done on the local level first of all. By this time everyone is aware of the infiltration tactics of those who would destroy the American way of life. These people are zealous for their pur poses. It is the height of good civic wisdom for all to be just as zealous for the welfare of our commun ity and nation Now is the tune to show that zeal. The St. Thomas The new chapel in Newman Hall at Ohio State University is dedicated to St. Thomas More, one of the two greatest men in England in the early part of the sixteenth century. The other was St. John Fisher. It would be paying great homage to their memory, to the Church for which they died, and to the country which they adorned, to recall some thing of their stature. Both were tricked into saying words which could he used against them. Both were beheaded by orders of the King they had served, St. John Fisher mounted the scaffold in a greatly weakened condition. But he took time to state his position before he died. “Christian peo pie.” he said, “I am come here to die for the faith of Christ’s holy Catholic Church, and I thank God I beseech Almighty God of His infinite good ness to save the King and this realm." His head was exposed on fxmdon Bridge for several days and then thrown into the river. The domestic virtues, sprightly humor, lofty culture and independence of mind made Thomas More one of the attractive figures of the Renais sance. His deep religious sentiments of soul were revealed in his last days. He defended his stand to the last. When chided that he considered him self wiser and of hotter conscience than all the bishops and nobles of the realm, he replied: “My lord, for one bishop of your opinion 1 have a hundred saints of mine, and for one parliament of yours, and God knows of what kind, I have all the general councils for a thousand years.” The execution of these two great men, John Fisher, known and esteemed in all the courts of Europe, and Thomas More, celebrated in the lit erary circles of the time, produced a great effect on Europe. That effect continues to this day. And when, a few years ago, they were canonized saints, the memory of their devotion to learning and high honor, to then God and their country, were perpet uated for future generations It is highly fitting, therefore, that the layman of the two, is now chosen as the saintly patron of the Chapel in New man Hall at Ohm’s great university. Give Till li Hurts The Communists The disease Communism, like most diseases, must have a suitable subject or culture in which to grow Healthy bodies, even social bodies, seldom fall victim to disease A disease, by its very nature, thrives onlj where the way has been prepared for it by some debilitating circumstance or condition The condition which most readily aids the spread of ommumsm throughout the world is dire poverty and all the concomitant evil which follows in its wake A political body or ethnic group which has been utterly impoverished and morally weakened by the ravage* of war will grab at anything which e\en dimly promises some kind of relief. Starving homeless people are inclined to waste little time in arguing the more abstruse philosoph leal merits of a political system as long as it prom ises to relieve the pressing ills which afflict them. That explains the apparent triumphal inarch of Communism through China North Korea, the Balk ans, Eastern Germany and some parts of Italy since the close of the last war It is a disease feed ing on a weakened body We have the cure, a shot in the arm, you might gay which is a thousand times more effective than a shot in the head, even a Communist head. The Communist invaders won their initial vic tory on promises. Their ultimate downfall will he the inability to keep those promises. If the free world succeeds where the Communists fail Communism u ill have en d* dt a telling blow Today there are millions of homeless, starving people wavering hetw n out way of life and the Communist uay of death Every one of these poor people who is helped to live our way is dead to communism Our charity should nesrr need worldly or fem poral enticements e an s help noticing them, though when they are pr» ent It is an added in ducement to be generous this Sunday tn our con tributmn to the Bishops’ War Relief Fund to keep in mind that there is one thing the Communist* cannot battle—and that’s our Charity. Keep The Record Straight In one of his regularly syndicated columns ap pearing in one of the local dailies and in other pa pers throughout the country, last week, Westbrook Pegler wrote from Rome that he had just had an interview with “an official of the Vatican who may be described as the ‘highest authority’ on labor, in which he expressed surprise on being told the truth about criminality and autocratic rule in American unions.” Mr. Pegler named some union organizations and some union leaders about whom he said he had in formed this Vatican “authority.” The columnist added: “I did not pretend to be surprised to learn that this high authority who advises the Pope on such matters did not know the sordid truth about unionism in this country.” In response to a query to its Rome office, our newsgathering service reports that: "When inquiries were made at the Vatican to day, official sources there stated categorically that no Holy See official has been authorized to treat with anyone concerning union problems or per sonalities in the United States. "The same sources had no knowledge whatever of the possible identity of the so-called ‘official’ mentioned in the Westbrook Pegler story, and they disavowed any Holy See association with the Pegler attacks on U.S. unions and union leaders.” Let’s keep the record straight! Just Among Ourselves Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate The age we live in is rne of great exactitude in some things and of greater confusion in other things. We are precise and definite in figures and measurements but vague and wildly indefinite in our thinking. We like to know that the parts of our watches or our motors are fitted so accurately to their places and functions that they admit no varia tion or “play” of even one ten-thousandth of an inch But any random thought or opinion, especially if it be pessimistic or destructive, is likely to find us receptive, even though its “play” with reference to actuality is more than ten thousand miles. When we deal with a tradesman across a counter, when we discuss specifications over a desk, we are keen and alert, and we will accept no vagueness or double talk We will not allow our grocer or our architect to have things two ways. If 10 pourids or 12 yards of a commodity cost so much a pound or a yard, we check the accounting to the last fraction of a cent. If we specify our requirements to planner or builder, we are crystal clear in all the details of our demand, and we expect fulfillment of agreements to the last letter of the contract. But the grocer or the profes sional man may follow the sharp bit of business dealing with the most vapid and vague comment about the meaning of life or the possibility of attain ing truth, and we are apt to accept his vaporings as the deeply reasoned conclusions of a thoughtful mind. When a public servant uses his office for private gain, we feel, with justice, that he is a cheat and a grafter, and we want the rascal thrown out. But when a public figure in any realm,—educational, literary, sociological, or other.—cheats our souls by selling us false doctrine, and palms off upon us shod dy opinion and prideful impertinence as sound phil osophy, we are very likely to accept his baseless dicta as the final pronouncements of Wisdom herself, and to hail him as a great man and a “leader.” Con sider an illustration among countless possibilities equally apt as examples—the case of Mr. John Dewey. Why are we so blind in things of the mind? Why do we take a charlatan’s word at the value he him self bestows upon it, without investigation, and with out even finding a difficulty in the fact that the word often contradicts itself? Why do we buy a gold brick when the very salesman gives the thing away, and in his sales talk proves that the brick is a hrick and not gold? Of course the salesman himself is fooled even as his patrons are, hut that does not detract from the calamity of the total result. It only makes the result more weird. When the salesman’s own statements show that the brick is not gold, and yet leave hoth salesman and customer in the con viction that it is gold indeed, we have a state of mental confusion not far removed from idiocy. Still, that sort of confusion is peculiarly characteristic of our ow i great day. The critic of professional rank who appears (with appropriate distortions) on the TV screen says blandly that he cannot accept dogmatic or authori tarian assertion. Was ever an assertion more dog matic or authoritarian than this assertion itself? Sanity would demand that when anything is taught with authoritarian air, with dogmatic precision, that we look into the character of the authority hack of the teaching to find if it be genuine and reliable that we find whether proof is available for what is dogmatically asserted. And yet it will be found that the TV critic, with nothing whatever but his own personality to back his dogmatism and authori tarian pose, can turn many minds against all clean statement of important truth, even though there he ample and compelling proof available to the honest mind to show that it is truth, the sneer of a char latan can make minds otherwise prudent and sane turn dejectedly away from that study and investi gation which would bring sure knowledge of es sential truths. The dogmatic charlatan condemns dogmatic statement and is believed the authoritarian faker rails al authoritarianism and is accepted as a teacher. The gold brick passes hands, fooling both buyer and seller. And the human mind and sou) suffer incalculable injury. A good deal of gold-bricking is done by making a general and sweeping assertion out of what, in a narrow and particular sense, is a justified assertion. For instance, in a magazine that joys in the repu tation of being “sophisticated." we road: "The word truth is like the word peace—it is a favorite noun of demagogues and tyrants and since truth is fluent, elusive, and incapable of being packaged, it is not the property of my man or any bureau.and who ever lays absolute claim to it is either an optimist or a fraud." Is this statement true’. Does the writer claim so much? Is he then an optimist (a silly fat head with unvarying smile) or a fraud’ Notice the snide manner in which the wholly un warranted statement (unjustifiedly dogmatic and authoritarian) that “truth is fluent, elusive, incap able of being packaged,” is slipped into the sent ence as though it were something everybody knows and acknowledges without question. And yet sane people know that truth is not fluent, but eternal That two and two make four is not elusive, but is a fact safely grasped by anyone who pays rent or taxes or grocer's bills. Such arc some of the confusions of our times. “Accurate in hairshreatdths careless of infinity.” Mechanically we are paragons of accuracy mentally we are pitifully obfuscated. Political slavery we partially know and deeply fear mental slavery we fail to recognize, and sometimes, in the grip of our chains, we cry out that those who are truly free are men in’ bonds. We decry truth we say it must be 'ought but cannot be found we declare it elusive, fluent, impossible to package. Yet it is the essential thing. “You shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, MARCH 2 1, 1952 1 .-7 U.' WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON—The responsi bilities of leadership include pru dence in language as well as probity in conduct. Many have arisen lately to con demn the fact that vituperative and irresponsible language is used against, by, between and among persons in high govern ment positions. This indignation is honest and healthy, But the responsibilities of lead ership apply to nations as well as to individuals. They weigh heav ily upon the United States, which all the world watches with an in terest. and attention probably unmatched in history. The com munist countries are alert for any misstep that can be turned against us propaganda-wise. The free nations of the world look to us as their highest, if not their only, hope and thejr sorely need ed inspiration. An English Catholic newspaper recently said editorially that bit ter party politics in England was preventing any question before Parliament from being debated on its merits. It lamented, too, the fact that this is a year of presidential elections in the Unit ed States. It indicated that, be cause of what is likely to be said in both countries, in these times, dangerous emphasis may be plac ed on w’rong policies. Danger Abroad The danger is not so great in side the country, where the things are recognized by most as being said for political effect, as it is in lands abroad. Here in the United States, for example, a great many people will quickly recognize electioneering lan EAT HER HIGGINS Something one oi the classical landmarks in the literature on race relations in the United States—he was also author of a later monograph, "The Negro’s Morale,” a study of the behavior of the Negro as a minority group. More recently Dr. Rose has turned his attention to the sociol ogy of American trade unionism His first book in this important hut neglected field of study is a scientific survey of the attitudes of rank-and-file members of a local union (Union Solidarity The Internal Cohesion of a La bor Union, University of Minne sota Press. $3.00). The purpose of this survey was to uncover the answer to questions such as: What do union members think about their elected leaders? What is their attitude toward their fellow unionists who be long to so-called minority groups’ Are older trade unionists more loyal to the union than the younger recruits? To what ex tent is loyalty to a union con sistent with loyalty to an em ployer? To Paris Through Peiping Election Year Indiscretions Cardinal Segura warned his people against bartering away their Catholic unity for economic advantages promised from abroad. He noted that President Truman has repeatedly express ed a dislike for the present gov ernment in Spain. He noted, too, that Stanton Griffis, only recent ly returned from the post of U.S. Ambassador in Madrid, said the President’s dislike for the Franco regime stemmed from the "intol erable delay" of the Spanish gov ernment carrying out promises of "religious freedom.” Mr. Grif fis has been inaccessible since then, and nobody here seems to know what "promises” he was talking about. Cardinal Alarmed It seems perfectly clear that II Dr. Arnold Rose of the University of Minnesota is best known for his sociological studies in the field of ace re lations. Co-au thor with Gun nar Myrdal of ‘An American i I e mma” The author is somewhat more cautious than his publisher in generalizing from the findings of a survey of such limited scope. The publisher’s jacket blurb suggests that "the atti tudes and problems examined are characteristic of the great ma jority of unions and their mem bers.” Dr. Rose, on the other hand, explicitly warns in his Foreword that "no generaliza tions can be drawn which apply to the whole union movement." Bad Showing We have a very special reason for hoping that similar studies of other unions in other localities will demonstrate that the pub lisher’s generalization was un warranted. Our reason for hop —Lenin Wu i'W? guage for what it is. Not all people, to be sure, because it would not be used if it did not deceive a sufficient number. But the majority will see it for what it is. Not as many people will see it clearly abroad. Especially when a country indulging in such “elec tioneering” occupies the place of predominent leadership held by United States. It seems that we have an exam ple of this in the pastoral letter which His Eminence Pedro Car dinal Segura y Saenz, Archbishop of Seville, addressed to the peo ple of his See for Lent of this year. The letter was given a great deal of prominence in the Amer ican secular press, but because of the fact that their emphasis was placed upon a seeming attack upon religious tolerance, an im portant fact was totally obscured.' the Cardinal was alarmed be cause to him it seemed to be fixed policy of the United States Government to offer money in exchange for the Spanish govern ment’s consent to “all out” Protestant proselytizing in that country. The Cardinal knew that the American Government has dragged its feet in extending to Spain financial aid that the U. S. Congress has long since au thorized. He must have seen in the words of the President and Ambassador Griffis, a determin ation to use American money to give Protestantism a good foot hold in a country already 99 per cent Catholic. Undoubtedly, President Tru man’s recurring slurs upon the Franco regime can be expected to appeal to some segments of the American population. More over, the fact that Ambassador Griffis’ statement about the Spanish "delaying” on promises of “religious freedom” was made in the foyer of the White House had a special importance. It could have given many people the idea that the whole purpose of Mr. Griffis’ mission to Spain was to insure the foothold for Protest antism in that Catholic country. This is just one topic. More things will be said and done this year that are inexplicable by or dinary standards. Not everyone here in the United States will understand w’hy they are done. The tragic thing is that, with w’orld conditions as they are, even fewer people will under stand them abroad. We can’t ex pect them to, and we must ex pect them to become indignant. rong Somewhere Better Then Average Dr. Rose and his research as sistants limited their investiga tion to a single local union of 8.500 members in a more or less typical big city in the Midwest, relying almost exclusively on the single technique of question naire -interviews. With due allow ance being made for these two limitations—to which the author himself is the first to call atten tion—Union Solidarity is a much better than average contribution to the field of industrial sociol ogy. Heretofore this branch of study has been characterized all too often by an academic aloof ness from the trade union move ment, and a curious reluctance to come right out and admit at the very outset that unions are desirable and necessary and are certainly here to stay. ing so is that the Catholic mem bers of the union which was sur veyed by Dr. Rose make a pret ty bad showing in their attitude on race relations. Their attitude —to the extent that it can be ac curately measured by Dr. Rose’s particular method of research— is said to be better than that of the church-attending Protestant members of the union, but w'orse than that of the non-churchgoers. Evil of Secularism The failure of all too many Catholic members of this union to apply the principles of their religion to the problem of race relations is discouraging to say the least, particularly when their record is compared with the sig nificantly better record of those of their fellow workers who ad mit they never go to church. The Greeks may not have had a word for the attitude of these Cath olic workers, but the American Bishops have. The word is sec ularism. which was defined by the Bishops in their 1948 State ment as “the practical exclu sion of God from human think ing and living Dr. Rose's statistics are good for our humility, for they dem onstrate that this evil of secular ism--which the Bishops say “is the root of the world’ travail to day” is non-denominationai and. at least in the limited area studied by Dr. Rose and his as sociates. can count among its fol lowers almost a many Catholics as non-Catholics. There’s some thing wrong somewhere. INQUIRY CORNER 3 ORETTA PALMER Does Confession Lead People To Q. Since marriage is the source of .society should not the state have the final authority in the matter? Isn’t it anarchistic for the Church to have its own laws in the matter? A. By reason of the nature of marriage, the fact that Christ made it a sacrament, and from the history of the Church’s place in raising marriage to the high est status in human history, we can see the Church’s right. If on ly civil laws were to regulate marriage why did Christ say, “But I say unto you that who soever shall put away his wife and marry another commits adultery”? He was not the civil ruler and He had said explicitly, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.” If marriage belongs solely to civil authority, Christ would have left it to civil authority. The regulation of mar riage Christ committed to His Church along with the other moral commandments (Sixth Commandment) and Sacraments See St. Paul Ephesians V:22-23). Early attempts to substitute a system of “free love” in place of marriage or to abolish it as unworthy of Christians, the Church fought against (e.g. Gnos tics. Manichaeans and Montan ists) 1600 years ago, as she con tinues to do against innovators today. She brought about the rec ognition of the, rights of slaves to marry, establishment of the dignity of women in marriage, and the freedom of choice in marriage as well as the more noted cases regarding divorce. St. Paul in saying “Marriage is a great Sacrament, but I speak in Christ and in the Church,” did not add, “but I speak from the viewpoint of civil authority,” and in I Cor. VI:39 he writes, “Let her marry to whom she will, on ly let it be in the Lord.” Man does not exist for the govern ment, but the state exists for man. No group of men invented marriage, no law created it. It is part of God’s plan and follows the nature of man as God made him. It is one of the clearest and noblest boasts of the Church that she has defended the natur al law, even for nori-Christians, when civil laws would amend it. Q. A non Catholic friend ask ed me if confession d,id not make sin easier and so weaken charac ter. He also said that it seemed degrading and unmanly! A. Our friends who have nev er been to confession are strangely inconsistent. They of ten condemn this sacrament so clearly instituted by Christ (St. John 20:19-23) for being too dif ficult, then forgetfully condemn it for being too easy. First of all Christianity is not preoccu pied with sin, and Christ set the keynote for this sacrament in the passage mentioned when He said, ‘‘Peace be to you” and when he said that the first and greatest commandment is love of God. Christian virtue does not Be Yourself "Know your self,” said the ancient philos ophers, and the phrase had all the humor less solemnity that goes with paga n i s for the pagan, having no hap py future life in his reckon ing. places and undue emphasis on avoiding mistakes that might lessen the happiness of this. But “Be yourself,” says the tough truck driver, the soda jerker, the small boy at third base, and also a whole era of Christian thought and experience which is summed up in the phrase. No other religion dares tell a man to be himself: all other systems of belief, and even of politics, attempt to press him into a mold to better serve some temporal end which finds indi viduality among persons a nuis ance. Men who place the state first wish all men streamlined towards good citizenry men w’ho place efficiency first wish all men transformed to the service of the machine. Those who be lieve that “social adjustment” is the highest good stress smooth human relations, to the disregard of any other qualities. (But some times the saint the century needs is a scourge—is conspicuously "maladjusted.") It is very daring advice to give anyone to tell him to be himself —the advice the '20’s took and twisted and perverted with the cult of “self-expression.” For there are two selves of which w'e may speak when we discuss “self expression” the potential self, the radiant child of God, on one hand, and the present self with all its flaws and ugliness, on the other. For All Eternity This is the vastest adventure of all history. The discovery of a new continent is less important, by far, than the discovery of a new soul. For the material is only matter, but the soul per tains to God? And of every soul born into the world, the Church dares say, “Develop in your own way. Don’t imitate another mod el, however fine. In Our Lord alone you will find the greatest Sin More consist in a great display of will power, but in loving God and drawing strength from Him, for “I can do all things in Him who strengthens me.” Nevertheless regular confession forces a per son to face himself and a man who represents Christ and has the power of Christ by reason of Holy Orders, and to form an act of perfect contrition. A man who feels that sin is forgiven by simply telling God he is sorry seems far more likely to look less carefully at himself and to neglect regular resolutions of amendment. As for degradation and unmanliness it seems quit* the contrary to kneel before Christ and honestly admit our failings and promise sensibly and sincerely to do better. It is humiliating for everyone to con fess, even in the secrecy of the confessional, but “taking our medicine” for spiritual health can hardly be called unmanly. Q. How could polygamy be right in the Old Testament and wrong in the New? Also di vorce, which God permitted in the law of Moses! A. There are many things which God permits, which do not represent the proper order nor the way that will make man more virtuous and happy. Po lygamy and divorce cannot maka man happier than Christian mar riage of one man and one wom an until death in the New Testament Christ gave the graces of the sacraments, especially Matrimony, to make possible the ideal. In St. Mark 4-9 we have a summary of the situation: “They said, ‘Moses permitted us to write a notice of dismissal, and to put her away,’ but Jesus said to them, ‘By reason of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that commandment. But from the beginning of creation God made them male and fe male. ‘For this cause a man shall leave his father and moth er, and cleave to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.’ Therefore they are now no long er two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined togeth er, let no man put asunder.” Q. Why is St. Benedict shown with a chalice? A. After St. Benedict had liv ed for some years in holy soli tude he was invited by a group of religious men to be their lead er, but when he came some of them found him too strict. Ac cordingly they put poison in his wine, but the cup broke when Benedict, according to his cus tom, traced the sign of the cross over it. Today, March 21st is the feast day of this great saint, founder of monasticism in the west and of a rule which is still followed by thousands of holy men and women as it has been since Monte Cassino was found ed 1400 years ago. Send questions to Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio. capacities of every personality come to fruition and much mag nified lesser models are not to be taken too seriously. The saints should be admired, not imitated.” Ours is a curious age 1 that it idolizes the products of person ality and cares little for person ality itself. Actors are paid fab ulous sums for their acting, radio comedians fortunes for their pro ductions—but let it be even hint ed that a child has a right to life, which birth control negates, and no one understands what is at stake. People are valuable as entertainers, as writers, paint ers, engineers, generals, politic ians, but the idea that people are a thousand times more valu able as people is not under stood. A human personality is the most precious thing under Heav en. There is a community of nuns whose joy and vocation it is to take care of the subnomal—the Mongoloid idiots, the slobbering and horribly unattractive chil dren whose families cannot or will not keep them in their homes. These are gloriously hap py women: behind each problem robbed of all natural grace and charm, they see a child of God. For the dullest and least person able human being has in him more of God than the finest of all natural scenes. Larger Events That is what has been forgot ten in this tragic century. Men are now treated as if they wera the slaves of the mere machine. Personality, in itself so very pre ciou. a thing, is judged by its output—as if a locomotive were evaluated by the amount of smoke that came from its stack. Yet we are greater than what we do. We are greater than what we do because we, and not our works, are of God. But a world disbelieving in God does not know that: to it, a man is what he has so far performed. Ce lebrities are people who have done, not people who are. The whole world gasps at a television show like that of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen as at a miracle—for the first time the audience has discovered that a man and his message outweighs a particular idea.