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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, May 02, 1952, Image 1

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Vol. 1, No. 31
High Court Ap
Time For Relio
are a religious people, whose insti
tutions presuppose a Supreme Be
With these words the New York
released time program for giving
religious instruction to public
school students was upheld by the
United States Supreme Court in
a 6-to-3 decision.
“It takes obtuse reasoning to in
ject any issue of the ‘free exercise’
of religion into the present case,”
the court held. “No one is forced
to go to the religious classroom,
and no religious exercise of in
struction is brought to the class
rooms of the public schools. A
student need not take religious in
structions. He is left to his own
desires as to the manner or time
of his religious devotions, if any.”
The majority opinion of the
court was .written by Associate
Justice William 0. Douglas. He was
joined by Chief Justice Fred M.
Vinson and Associate Justices
Stanley F. Reed, Harold H. Bur
ton, Tom C. Clark and Sherman
Dissenting were Associate Jus
tices Hugo L. Black, Felix Frank
furter and Robert H. Jackson.
The case originated in New York
several years ago when two tax
payers, Tessim Zorach and Esta
Gluck, filed suit against the New
York Board of Education, con
tending that the released time pro
gram was in violation of the first
Mission Bishop To Speak
At' Men's Luncheon Club
The Most Rev. Edoardo Mason,
F.S.CJ., Vicar Apostolic of Bahr
el Ghazal, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan,
will address the next meeting of
the Catholic Men’s Luncheon Club
Friday, May 2, at noon in the Vir
ginia Hotel, Columbus.
The Italian-born Bishop, who has
spent the past 25 years in Africa,
is lecturing this week at St. Charles
and the Josephinum Seminaries
and at the College of St. Mary of
the Springs.
All Catholic men are eligible to
attend the club’s meetings, held on
the first Friday of each month.
Msgr. Vogel Retires As Pastor
Of Saint Leo’s Church Parish
To Hold Farewell Dinner Sunday
proves Released
ions Instruction
amendment of the Constitution—
the separation of Church and
State clause.
The New York released time pro
gram has been used as a model for
similar programs in a number of
States. Under its operation, pupils
are released from classes for a
specified time each week and per
mitted to take religious instruc
tions according to each individual’s
preference at places off school
property. The consent of parents
is a prerequisite before ^students
are released for the religious in
It has been estimated that some
2,000.000 students are freed from
public school classes to take part
in religious instruction released
time programs now in operation
throughout the country.
The released time program was
upheld in all New York courts be
fore the case was taken to the U.S.
Supreme Court.
In the majority opinion, Justice
Douglas pointed out that the Con
stitution “does not say in every
and all respects there shall be a
separation of Church and State.”
He added: “Rather, it studiously
defines the manner, the specific
ways in which there shall be no
concert or union or dependency
one on the other. That is the com
mon sense of the matter.”
Cites McCollum Case
Justice Douglas said the decision
does not disturb the 1948 ruling
in the McCollum case, in which a
released time program in Cham
paign, Ill., was held unconstitu
tional because the religious instruc
(Continued on Page 2)
Clergy Conference
The annual spring conference
of the clergy of the Diocese of
Columbus will be held at St.
Charles seminary, Tuesday aft
ernoon, May 6, at 2:30 o’clock.
Bishop Ready will preside at
the meeting which will be held
in the Seminary library build
Sunday, May 11, 3 p. Columbus, St. Thomas Church
Monday, May 12, 7:30 p. Columbus, St. Dominic Church
Tuesday, May 13, 7:30 p. Westerville, St. Paul Church
Wednesday, May 14, 7:30 p. m., Columbus, St. Mary Magdalene Church
Thursday, May 15, 7:30 p. m. Columbus, St. Augustine Church
Sunday, May 18, 3 p. Crooksville, Church of the Atonement
Sunday, May 18, 7:30 p. Corning St. Bernard Church
Monday, May 19, 7:30 p. Columbus, St. Aloysius Church
Tuesday, May 20, 7:30 p. Columbus, Holy Family Church
Wednesday, May 21, 7:30 p. Columbus, Holy Family Church
Thursday, May 22, 7:30 p. Columbus, Cathedral
Sunday, May 25, a. m. London, Prison Farm
Sunday, May 25. 3 p. Groveport, St. Mary Church
Sunday,‘May 25, 7:30 p. m. Columbus, St. Mary Church
Sunday, May 25, 7:30 p. Columbus, St. John the Baptist Church
Tuesday, May 27, 7:30 p. Columbus, St. Peter Church
Wednesday, May 28, 7:30 p. m. ... Columbus, Immaculate Conception
Thursday, May 29, 7:30 p. Columbus, St. John the Evangelist
Sunday, June 1, 3 p. Columbus, Cathedral
Thursday, June 5, 7:30 p. m„. Buckeye Lake, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel
Bishop Dedicates New Grade School
Dedication of the naw grade school of Our Lady of Peace parish, Columbus, took place
laet Sunday with the Most. Rev. Michael J. Ready officiating at the ceremony. Bishop Ready is
pictured above as he blessed the cornerstone which was laid last June June 24. Tho ceremonies culmin
ated more than six years of effort on the part of the pastor, Rev. George Foley, and members of
parish, one of the first founded by Bishop Ready. Tl.o new one-story building faces on E. Dominion
boulevard. It will hold six classrooms, an office, and a teacher's room on the first floor. A cafeteria,
meeting room, storage space, and heating units aro located in the basement.
The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Bernard P.
Vogel is retiring as pastor of St.
Leo’s parish, Columbus. He has
spent 32 of his more than 47 years
in the priesthood as head of the
south end parish.
Bishop Ready will preside at a
dinner honoring Monsignor Vogel
Sunday evening, May 4, in the par
ish hall. Parishioners and friends
have been invited.
Later in the evening Monsignor
Vogel will be celebrant at Solemn
Benediction of the Blessed Sacra
ment in the church. Bishop Ready
will preside in the sanctuary.
Following Benediction, which is
scheduled for 8 o’clock, there will
be a reception during which pub
lic tribute will be paid the much
loved pastor of St. Leo’s.
In accepting Monsignor Vogel’s
resignation Bishop Ready stated:
^You are and have been the good
and faithful servant of Our Lord
Jesus Christ and His Church. The
church of Columbus will continue
to be edified by your pastoral
works and will profit from your
constant prayers in behalf of your
brethren in the sacred priesthood.”
Monsignor Vogel was born in Co
lumbus, August 8, 1879, and at
tended Holy Cross elementary
school. He took all of his prepara
tory and theological studies for the
priesthood at the Pontifical College
Josephinum, receiving the B. A. de
gree in 1898. He was ordained at
Msgr. Bernard P. Vogel
the Josephinum June 10, 1904 by
the late Bishop Hartley.
In his early years as a priest
Monsignor Vogel did a lot of work
in small mission parishes. He first
spent two years at St. Elizabeth’s,
Roswell, in Tuscarawas county, and
the mission at Sherodsville. Then
he went as assistant to St. John’s,
Bellaire, and the mission at Neffs.
After a year he was transferred
to St. Francis Xavier church, Mal
vern, with charge also of St.
Patrick’s, Mineral City.
In 1908 Monsignor Vogel was
named pastor of St. Philip Neri
church, Murray City, where he re
mained for eight years. He then
spent four years at Our Lady of
the Angels parish, Barton, before
being appointed pastor of St. Leo’s
in 1920. Bellgire, Neffs, Malvern
and Barton and now in the Diocese
of Steubenville.
Pope Pius XII graciously honor
ed the pastor of St. Leo’s by rais
ing him to the rank of Dorrfestic
Prelate with the title of Right
(Continued on Page 2)
The Cat ho ifesC i e s
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, May 2, 1952
May Is Mary's Month
Mary Queen Of Vocations
Dear Reverend Father:
Throughout the Diocese in the month of May we shall beseech
our Lord Jesus Christ, through the intercession of His Blessed Mother,
for an increase of vocations to the Sacred Priesthood and religious
Our prayers should be offered first of all in thanksgiving for the
growing number of young men and young Women who have enrolled
in our Seminary and in the various Communities of Sisters who labor
with us in the ministry of souls in this Diocese. In our devotions
during May we should acknowledge this evident mercy of God and
thank Him for the promise of a rich harvest of souls throughout
our Holy Church of Columbus.
We all have observed the various problems connected with the
population growth in many districts of the Diocese. The Church now
requires a greater number of faithful laborers in the vineyard.
Hence, we should make a greater effort to bring these needs to the
attention of our devoted youth in order to increase the ranks of the
Holy Priesthood and religious life. The urgency of this cause must
inspire us to more fervent prayer for the blessing of numerous,
holy vocations and to greater zeal in seeking out pious, noble youth
to answer generously the call of Christ to follow Him in the service
of His Church. The mission of saving souls here in the Diocese and
throughout the world will require every worker that our prayers
and efforts can win.
For this reason I ask your earnest cooperation during the month
of Mary in arranging timely devotions and suitable instructions foj
the purpose of arousing in our youth a conscientiousness of the needs
of the Church. The accompanying prayer for an increase of vocations
is.to be recited after every Holy Mass in the Parish Churches and
Chapels of the Diocese throughout May. The regular May Devotions
should include prayers to the Blessed Mother for an increase of voca
tions to the pastoral office and to the works of mercy and educa
tion in the Diocese. The Christian home and the example of virtuous
parents now as always are a fruitful source of priestly and religious
vocations. We should not neglect to emphasize this truth in our
instructions nor to cease praying that devout parents will rejoice
in fostering vocations among their children.
In the past, generous and devout benefactors have made it
possible to help young men in this Diocese through their Seminary
course. The Pastors in our Parishes and all Priests having the care
of souls in this jurisdiction have encouraged worthy candidates for
the Holy Priesthood to avail themselves of the.scholarship arrange
ments at Saint Charles Seminary. Certainly, with such opportuni
ties present to him, no young man should hesitate to give himself
to the service of the Church because of a lack of financial resources.
With the example of so many good people in this Diocese
readily assuming their obligation towards the education of seminar
ians, other like-minded holy men and women will remember our
Seminary in their bequests and grant during these present years
adequate means to assist zealous aspirants to the Priesthood.
I am confident, my dear Father, that you will keep this holy
work foremost in your intentions during the Sacrifice of the Mass
and in your own fervent devotions. Certainly, the prayers and efforts
of the Priests, Religious and Faithful of the Diocese will result in
greater numbers enrolling in our Seminary and seeking admission
to the novitiates of our devoted Sisters who labor with us in the
Gospel of Christ.
Commending this holy work to the loving care of Mary, Queen
of Apostles and Virgins,
Devotedly in Christ,
April 30, 1952
Bishop of Columbus
V. Come, Holy Ghost, fill the hearts of Thy faithful and kindle
in them the fire of Thy love.
R. Send forth Thy Spirit, and they shall be created and Thou
shalt renew the face of the earth.
Let us pray. O God, whose will it is that all men be saved and
come to the knowledge of the truth, we beg Thee to send laborers
into Thy harvest, that all people may know Thee, the only true
God and Him whom Thou hast sent, Jesus Christ, our Lord, who
liveth and reigneth with Thee, world without end. R. Amen.
O Mary, our Queen and our Mother, in the name of Jesus we im
plore thee to regard our present efforts for increased priestly and
religious vocations and to grant them success. R. Amen.
Theta Kappa Phi
To Honor Bishop
At Local Session
Bishop Michael J. Ready of Co
lumbus will become an honorary
member of Theta Kappa Phi. na
tional social fraternity' for Cath
olic students in colleges and uni
He will be formally installed
Sunday at the fraternity’s central
province convention, to be held
at the Ohio Union on the Ohio
State University campus. Some
120 members of chapters at OSU,
Kent State and Ohio Northern
will attend the three-day meet
First-Time Honor
Bishop Ready becomes an
alumnus of the group’s Zeta
Chapter, located at Ohio North
em at Ada. He is the first mem
ber of the hierarchy to be hon
ored by the chapter, although
the ONU organization’s first
president was later to become
the first undergraduate member
of the fraternity to enter the
Other prominent members of
the national fraternity include
James A. Farley, former Demo
cratic National Chairman and
one-time U.S. Postmaster Gen
eral Archbishop Amleto Cicog
nani, Apostolic Delegate to the
United States Samuel Cardinal
Stritch, Archbishop of Chicago,
and 14 other members of the
American hierarchy.
The fraternity’s 22 chapters
number 5000 members.
To Give Retreats
Rev. F. M. Wilson
The Rev. Francis M. Wilson. S.J.
(above) will conduct week-end re
treats for men at the Shrine of
the Little Flower May 9-11 and
May 16-18. A member of the Jesuit
Mission Band at Chicago, Father
Wilson has given retreats for
priests and for lay persons in Co
lumbus in recent years. He for
merly taught philosophy and re
ligion at the University of Detroit
and at Xavier University, Cincin
Missionary List DipsYearA$3.00
In Red China
To 79
According to a U. S. State De
partment announcement last week.
26 Catholic missionaries are among
Industry Boss
Favors FEPC
For All States
lic business executive has advocat
ed a nation-wide extension of the
fair employment practices program
because it is in accordance with
the moral law.
Addressing an Inter-Group Coun
cil meeting here, Joseph J. Morrow
said the natural law affords equal
economic opportunities to minority
groups. He declared:
“If we are not exempt from the
moral law as individuals, we are
far less exempt in our collective
behavior as business leaders.”
Mr. Morrow, who is personnel re
lations director of a Stamford
(Conn.) business firm, said his
company extended employment to
all persons regardless of their reli
gion, race or national origin, even
before passage of the Connecticut
Fair Employment Practices law.
The company’s president and top
management, he added, were con
vinced no other course was right
or possible in the light of earning
profits and paying wages. They
reasoned that an industry is ful
filling only part of its obligations
to the people in the community
upon which it depends by an em
ployment system with reservations.
Cites Good Results
“Negroes, once they are estab
lished within an industry or busi
ness,” Mr. Morrow said, “are no
longer identified as members of a
group of outsiders to be feared
collectively. They become, in a
very short time, people with
names, identities and personalities,
who are measured individually.
Fellow employees turn from pre
conceived ideas to judgments of
race based on their own separate,
personal knowledge of its mem
The business executive pointed
out that this nation’s chief selling
point is freedom and equality of
economic opportunity for all. He
asked: “Who will buy our product
when they learn that millions of
Americans of various races and
from many parts of the world—
Negroes, Mexicans or Chinese
Jews or Catholics—are permitted
only a partial share of these oppor
tunities and freedoms?"
No one has a greater stake in
the democratic system or greater
responsibility for its success than
industrial management, Mr. Mor
row said.
Netc Flag At Christ The King School
A flag raising ceremony and an Arbor Day observance were held at Christ the King School In
Columbus suburban Berwick last Friday afternoon. Erection of a new flag pole for the school which
opened for classes for the first time last fall, made the ceremony possible. Seen above (left) is the
Rev. Leo R. Brehm, pastor, who blessed the flag, and the Rev. John Staunton, secretary of the Ohio
Catholic Welfare Conference and assistant pastor at Christ the King parish. Raising the flag are Thomas
Keller and David Pettrow, eighth grade students. Mr. Ray Dietz, city superintendent of parks, gave a
talk in observance of Arbor Dey.
Price Tan Cents
HONG-KONG—(NC)—Only 79 American Catholic mission
aries are left in China, following the expulsion by the Reds
of the Rev. Robert W. Green, a MaryknoU priest from Jasper,
Father Green arrived here after two public trials, after
being paraded through streets as an “imperialist criminal”
and following 17 months of house arrest.
The remaining 79 mi^sioners
form only a small part of the 500
Americans stationed in China at
the time the Reds seized complete
control of the country. Still in Red
territory are eight Bishops, a pre
fect Apostolic, 57 other priests, 13
nuns and a brother.
the 62 Americans held as Com
munist prisoners. The list name#
19 Catholic missioners in prison
seven under house arrest. Informa
tion from other sources, however,
indicate that 11 more not mention
ed by the U.S. government are in
215 Americans Remain
(State Department sources in
Washington said that there are
about 215 Americans in China.
About two dozen of these are busi
nessmen. The rest are Protestant
and Catholic missionaries.)
Five of the eight American Bish
ops and the Prefect Apostolic are
known to be in prison. They are:
Bishops Philip Cote of Suchow,
Jesuit of Lawrence, Mass. Francis
X. Ford of Kaying, Brooklyn Mary
knoller Rembert Kowalski of Wu
chang, Franciscan from Calumet,
Mich. John O’Shea of Kanchow,
Vincentian of Deep River, Conn.,
and Ambrose Pinger of Chowtsun,
Franciscan from Lindsay, Neb., and
Msgr. Eugene Fahy, San Francis
co Jesuit and Prefect Apostolic of
The other three American Bish
ops in China are Bishops Frederick
A. Donoghy of Wuchow, Maryknoll
er of New Bedford, Mass. Adolph
Paschang of Kongmoon, Maryknoli
er of Martinsburgh, Mo., and James
E. Walsh, Maryknoller of Cumber
land and head of the suppressed
China Catholic Central Bureau at
13 Priests Jailed
These American priests are
known to be 4n prison: The Revs.
Justin Garvey, Passionist of Ridge
wood, N. J. Fulgence Gross. Fran
ciscan of Omaha. Joseph McGinn,
Maryknoller of Providence, R.I.
Armand Proulx, Jesuit of Lowell,
Mass Harry Rigney. Divine Word
priest of Chicago: William Ryan,
S.J., of Santa Barbara, Cal. Sieg
fried Schneider, Franciscan of
Louisville. Ky. James Thornton,
Jesuit of San Francisco John Toom
ey, Maryknoller of New Bedford,
Mass. Rev. Harold Travers, Pas
sionist of Revere, Mass. Paul
LTainger, Passionist of Pittsburgh,
and Marcellus "White, Passionist of
Waltham, Mass.
Also in prison are Brother Matt
hew Swift. Divine Word Brother
from Waseca. Wis and Sister Joan
Mary Ryan, MaryknoU nun from
Bronx, N.Y.
Known to be under house ar
rest are the Revs. Basil Bauer,
Passionist. of Sharon, Pa.: Don
at Chatigny, Maryknoller, of
Fall River, Mass. John F, Cur
ran, Maryknoller of Butte, Mont.
Jerome Does, Passionist of Win
throp, Mass.: Albert Fedders, Mary
knoller of Covington, Ky. Rocco
Franco. Maryknoller of Brooklyn
Ernest Hotz, Passionist of Brook
lyn Joseph P. Lavin, Maryknoller
of Framingham, Mass.
Cyprian Leonard, Passionist of
Chicago Linus Lombard, Passion
ist of Ipswich, Mass. John Baptist
Maye, Passionist of Scranton, Pa.
Lawrence Mullin, Passionist of Jer
(Continued on Page 2)

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