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GRATIA PLENA DOMINUS TECUM Vol. 1, No. 32 It is hard to pick out Mr. Blan shard’s weakest chapter from the standpoint of sound, competently documented argument, but there are certain objective things about his chapter on “How the Hierarchy Works,” that seem to make it the best example. It is his longest chap ter it has more footnotes than any other, and as its title indicates, it is Mr. Blanshard’s barrage of heavy artillery Mr. Blanshard writes: “Wherever possible I have let the Catholic hierarchy speak for itself.” He does not keep this promise in this chapter. The current number of members of the American Catholic hierar archy is 181. They are all busy administrators, writing, speaking, issuing circular letters. Mr. Blan shard could have let them speak for themselves for hundreds of Court Backs Law Against Mockery Of Race, Religion WASHINGTON (NC) The U.S. Supreme Court by a 5-to-4 de cision has upheld the constitution ality of an Illinois group libel law which prohibits literature or exhi bitions that hold in derision any race, creed, or religious group. The case grew out of a convic tion and fine of $200 under the law for distributing literature on Jan uary 7, 1950, which assailed the Negro race. The American Civil Liberties Union sought to have the Illinois law ruled invalid in the interest of freedom of speech. Associate Justice Felix Frankfur ter wrote the majority opinion, in which he was joined by Chief Jus tice Fred M. Vinson and Justices Harold H. Burton, Tom Clark and Sherman Minton. Justice Frankfurter said “we cannot deny a State power to pun ish the same utterance directed at a defined group” when it is per mitted to ban similar utterances at individuals. He said that Illinois had a clear background for the legislation from 1837 up to tjie “Cicero riots of 1951.” He added that the court did not concern itself with the wis dom of the law, but with the right of Illinois to have such a statute. The conviction in Illinois was for distributing literature which called upon the mayor and people of Chi cago to halt the “invasion” of white neighborhoods by Negroes. Every first Sunday of the month, small group gathers at Holy Cross Church to receive Commun ion at an altar which it can imag ine but cannot see. This group is comprised of blind adult Catholics of Columbus who, under the title of Saint Lucy’s So dality, partake in a program spon sored by the Columbus Circle of the International Federation of Catholic Alumnae. 2 Loral TV Stations Schedule Fr. Peyton “The World’s Greatest Moth er.” a presentation of the Rev. Patrick Peyton’s “Family The ater” series, will be carried by two Columbus television sta tions on Mother's Day. The half-hour film, based on memorable events in the life of The Blessed Mother, will be shown by WBNS-TV at noon and by WTVN at 9:30 p. m. Ethel Barrymore will be nar rator, Gene Lockhart will serve as master of ceremonies, Loret ta Young will introduce Father Peyton, and Ann Blyth, Nan Merriman and Ann Jamison will sing. REPLY TO BLANSHARD First of a Series “Catholicism, American Freedom” Refutes Paul Blanshard’s Charges In recent weeks the American Catholic educator and author, James M. O'Neill, has published a book with a two fold significance: 1) Point by point, it examines and shatters the scholarship and "documentation” of anti-Catholic critic Paul Blanshard, and 2) it pro vides the Catholic layman with clear, terse summaries of Catholic attitudes with regard to churchstate relations. American democracy, education, censorship, and social policies. This newspaper presents here the first of six articles taken from this book, “Catholocism and American Freedom,” copyright 1952, by Harper and Brothers. $3.50. Paul Blanshard’s thesis is that the Catholic Church is an enemy of American Freedom. He tries to persuade his readers of the soundness of this thesis by his treatment of many aspects of alleged Catholic belief and practice. My position is that Mr. Blanchard’s basic thesis is falsd and that the discussion of the belief and practice of Amer ican Catholics which he presents in support of his thesis is so biased and inaccurate as to be substantially worthless. If the Blanshard book (American Freedom and Cath olic Power”) is so bad, a read er may well ask, why take it so seriously? The answer is, be cause it has been praised and promoted by men who, on ac count of the positions they oc cupy and the ideals they ad vocate, should have been expected to expose its antireligious, anti Catholic bias, its basic freedom smothering philosophy of the omni potent state, and its erroneous scholarship. Prof. James M. O'Neill pages showing “how they work,” what they do, why they do it, how they do it. In this chapter he al lows only two members of the American hierarchy to speak just once each. An examination of Mr. Blan shard’s 51 footnotes reveals the following: 23 deal with colorless, noncontroversial facts, population figures, etc., containing no sub stantiation or proof of any of the charges against the hierarchy six deal with ancient, universal, well known doctrines, not with how the hierarchy works five deal with the doctrine of infallibility but furnjsh nothing to substantiate Blanshard’s Camp St. Rita, located between Groveport and Canal Winchester on the Groveport pike, will open its 29th season while Camp St. Jo seph, situated on the banks of Big Walnut creek, near Lockbourne, opens for its 26th season this year. Both camps, founded by the late Bishop James J. Hartley, provide well-trained counsellors and camp aides who help make the camping periods pleasant ones for the chil dren of the Diocese. Beautiful Woods Each camp is situated on a beau tiful wooded site and both camps have modern cabins for the camp ers. Applications for both camps should be made as soon as possible and should be sent to the Very Rev. Director, 134 W. Mound street, Circleville, Ohio. Father Mason was recently appointed pastor of St. Joseph’s church but has retain ed his supervisory position with the camps. Founded last August, the group has also enjoyed the particular sup port of the Right Rev. Monsignor Francis Schwendeman, pastor of Holy Cross, the Rev. Linus Dury, the Rev. Bennett Applegate, and Miss Augusta Reinhard. About 35 blind Catholics receive Communion and join in breakfast at Holy Cross School cafeteria at each of the Sunday gatherings. Another important feature of the program is a period of spiritual in struction which follows the break fast. Most of the blind have a lim ited knowledge of their religion, but all are eager to learn. Several children are usually pres ent, also, since blind married cou ples are among those who attend the eight o’clock Mass under the plan. Members of the Columbus Circle provide transportation for those who cannot travel alone. No dues or other obligations are asked of the Sodality’s members. They are requested only to be as faithful as possible in attending and receiving Communion. “It is hoped that, with time and perseverance, this work may grow and bear fruit as it already shows signs of doing,” Inez* Mulligan, re gent of the Columbus Circle, wrote in a recent report on the program. charges two continue the text discussion but do not support the statements to which they are at tached three give the sources of three quotations, none of which has any relation to how the hierarchy works two are docu mented statements from two Eng lish writers, neither a member of the hierarchy one (about a New Jersey bingo law) is hard to cata logue, but hardly shows “how the hierarchy works” one is on “loyal ty,” not on the work of the hierar chy, and does not support the para graph to which it is the only docu mentation two carry the names of four periodicals, as documentation whfch does not prove his state ments. This makes a total of 45 notes out of 51, in this longest and most documented chapter, which do not support any of the sweeping state ments and insinuations against the American Catholic hierarchy and other Catholics which constitute the bulk of this key chapter. Yet Dr. Guy Emery Shipler, ed itor of The Churchman, a Protest ant Journal, writes: “In his chap ter on “How the Hierarchy Works,” Mr. Blanshard not only records the history of the hierarchy during the 200 years in which it has operated in the United States he cites in detail its methods of procedure and its accomplishments, documenting all of his major statements. The (Continued on Page 10) Shamrock Club Elects Murtha Michael F. Murtha was selected president for 1952-53 by the Sham rock Club, Columbus, at their re cent meeting. The Shamrock Club, now in its sixteenth year, has attracted some of the leading speakers of the coun try to its annual St. Patrick Day gatherings. Other officers elected include Dan F. Cannon, Jr., vice-pres. Dave E. Brown, treasurer E. A. Moriarity, secretary. The Very Rev. Monsignor Harry S. Connelly, pastor of St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Columbus, was appoint ed Chaplain. June 15 Date Set For 1952 Opening Of Diocesan Camps The two Columbus Diocesan sum mer camps for boys and girls will open June 15 when the first week of a 10-period camping season be gins, according to word from the Very Rev. George O. Mason, camp director and chaplain. Campers may stay for one-week periods or for the entire season. Rates remain the same as last year—$12 per week. A deposit of $3 is customary when the applica tion is sent in. Application blanks and further information may be secured from the Director, or at the Diocesan Office building, 246 E. Town street, Columbus. Develops Character The entire camping program is designed to help develop character —as well as to provide an enjoy able period outdoors. Both camps offer a complete pro gram of activities for the young sters. Included on the program are boating, swimming, horseback rid ing, pageants, hikes, movies, wood craft, leathercraft, sports, and re ligious activities. Mass is offered on Sundays and several times during the week. Other religious activities are in cluded in the program. Two years ago Camp St. Joseph was authorized as a site for Boy Scout Training. The two camps can accommodate approximately 150 boys and girls during any camping period. Children must be eight years or older for admission to camp. Blind Sodalists Pray, Learn Together At Holy Cross Church The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, May 9, 1952 ...IJJUIXU '•in BMA Debates Divorce Law At July Meet LONDON—(NC)—Lively debates are expected at the annual meet ing of the British Medical Associa tion at Dublin next July when rec ommendations regarding divorce and the confidential relations be tween doctors and patients come up for consideration. A strong Catholic minority with in the national organization of doc tors is expected to take a militant stand against two recent moves of the B.M.A. The B.M.A. memorandum on di vorce, reported in the British Med ical Journal, emphasized the need for permanent partnerships in mar riage, but went on to recommend that “separation by agreement, where there is no prospect of re conciliation, should be a ground for divorce, and it should be pos sible for the petition to be present ed by either party or. if they are agreed, by both parties jointly.” The memorandum said that “where there are grounds for di vorce but the offended party refus es to take action the offending party should, after a period, be able to sue for divorce.” The specialists proposed as grounds for divorce concealment by one partner at the time of mar (Continued on Page 2) VISION USEUM nriTO Cl Prayer To St. Therese of the Child Jesus For the Conversion of Russia O loving and compassionate Saint, deign to comfort our Russian Brethren, the victims of a long and cruel persecution of the Christian name. Obtain for them perseverance in the faith, progress in the love of God and of their neighbor, and in confidence toward the most Holy Mother of God. Prepare for them holy priests who shall make reparation for the blasphemies and sacrileges committed against the Holy Eucharist. Grant that angelic purity, especially in the young, and every Christian virtue may once* more flourish amongst them, to the end that this noble people, being delivered from all slavery and returning freely to the One Fold entrusted by the loving Heart of the Risen Christ to St. Peter and his successors, may a* length taste the joy of glorifying the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit in the fellowship of the Holy Catholic Church. Amen. (An indulgence of 300 day'- A plenary indulgence on the usual conditions, if this prayer is said devoutly every day for a month. S.P. Ap., Aug. 19, 1929) Miss Sophia del Valle, prominent Mexican Catholic Action worker, will be principal speaker at the seventh annual spring conference of the Columbus Diocesan Council of Catholic Women to be held in Slattery Hall, Newark, on Sunday afternoon, May 18, at three o’clock. Mrs. Joseph Dete, president of St. Francis de Sales Parish Council, will serve as general chairman, as sisted by Mrs. E. R. Kennedy, pres ident of Blessed Sacrament Coun cil, and Miss Winifred McKenzie, president of the Church of the As cension Council. Diocese Represented The conference will be attended by members of all parish councils and affiliated organizations within the twenty-three counties that make up the Diocese of Columbus. Representatives from the Newark and Johnstown parishes are assist ing with the plans. Miss Jean Fondriest is president of the North ern Deanery in which the meeting will be held. Miss del Valle is the founder and present head of a Catholic Ac tion school for girls in Mexico City. Pontiff Urges Crusade Of Prayer Diocesan Council Of Women To Meet In Newark May 18 Mexican Catholic Action Worker Slated to Speak At Seventh Annual Spring Conference She has devoted her entire life to the institution. Spokesmen have described her as an “electrifying and vibrant speaker.” Committees Mrs. George Cousino and Miss Josephine Rountree will be in charge of information and Mrs. W. R. Richmer, reservations. Mrs. R. E. D’Yarmett will assist Mrs. Ken nedy and Miss McKenzie with re freshments. Mrs. John Boesch and Miss Hazel Kirk are in charge of publicity. Ushers will work under the direc tion of Miss Ethel Harrington. Music will be by Mrs. William J. Schopen, organist, and the St. Francis de Sales Glee Club, accom panied by Patrick Ratchen. The Glee Club will sing “Praise be to Thee, O Lord,” “Angelus Domini,” and “Concordi Laetitia.” Twenty-one women are on the reception committee and eighty six on the hospitality committee. Decorations will be by the Catho lic Women’s Club. Chartered Buses Set For Newark Meeting Chartered buses will be avail able for Columbus residents who wish to attend the spring con ference of the Columbus Dioce san Council of Catholic Women in Newark on May 18. They will leave the bus station at Town and Third streets at 1:45 p. m. The round trip fare, reduced from the regular rate of $2.05, will be $1.30. Each parish coun cil chairman of the committee cooperating with Catholic Chari ties will accept reservations from the women of her parish. Chair man of reservations for trans portation is Mrs. Thomas M. Eschelman, of 419 East Maynard Avenue. o Holy Father Names First Internuncio to Japanese VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) The Holy See has named Arch bishop Maximilian de Furstenberg as its first Papal Internuncio to Japan. The action followed Japan’s emergence as a completely inde pendent nation as the peace treaty came into force. At ’the same time His Holiness Pope Pius XII has sent a message of congratulations and good wish es to Emperor Hirohito on the oc casion of Japan again becoming an independent nation. VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC)—An appeal to all Catholics for pray ers on behalf of the npssions suf fering persecution in China and other communist -dominated Far Eastern countries has been made by His Holiness Pope Pius XII. Addressing the Pontifical Socie ty for the Propagation of the Faith, the Holy Father called for a world wide crusade of prayer for an in crease of missionary vocations, for the genera! holiness of all Chris tians. and for the success of the missions. Referring to the Catholic mis sionaries forced out of Red China, Pone Pius said: "They leave their fl ks while the words of the Scrip- Little Flower Asked To Give Faith To Reds St. Therese Canonization Date Marked for Prayers To Help Convert Russia On May 17th. tie twenty-seventh anniversary of her Canonization, the faithful in Rome will implore St. Therese for the restoration of the Faith in the Soviet Union. She was made 'Patroness” of Russia’s Conversion” together with the Holy Mother of God by Pius XI on Au gust 19, 1929. Mass and devotions will be offer ed in the Byzantine Rite in the Church of St. Anthony the Hermit on the Esquiline. In a Motu Proprio on Oct. 28. 1932. Pius XI urged the Christian world to pray to God’s Holy Mother and the Little Flower to lead the people of Russia back to the One True Fold. He directed that each year spe cial devotions be offered to St. Therear for this all-important in tention on her Canonization Anni versary. She was canonized on May 17, 1925. As early as 1929, Pius XI held the opinion that true world peace will be possible only when Russia is converted. Because of Commun ist advances in Europe and because numbers of people living in the Soviet who are educated in a civil ization completely divorced from God, the Holy Father foresaw in ternational disturbances and un rest. As a practical counter-offensive against Communism he instituted the Russian College in Rome under the patronage of St. Therese. where priests now are being trained to lead in the conversion of Russia when the first barrier is lifted. Also he issued the Church’s of ficial prayer to St. Thesese “Pa troness of Russia’s Conversion” when he urged all Christendom to recite. ....... -....o Novena Series Scheduled At St. Mary’ Magdalene The Rev. Charles Lucier, O P.. Chaplain at the Ohio State Peni tentiary, Columbus, will be guest speaker for the new novena series In honor of Our Lady of the Mirac ulous Medal, which will begin Mon day, May 12, at St. Mary Magda lene’s church. Mass will be offered at 8:30 o’clock every Monday for the inten tions of those making the novena. Exercises are held at 10 o’clock and 3, 4, 5:15, 6. 6:45, 7:30, 8:15, and 9 p. m. Confessions are heard during and after each novena serv- “WHERE CHARITY AND LOVE ARE, THERE IS GOD” Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year Says Imitation of St. Theresa Can End Religious Persecution ture resound in their ears: ‘I will smite the shepherd and the sheep of th flock will be scattered (Matt. 26:31). They depart anguished and murmur in sorrow the Divine Master’s word, ‘My soul is sorrow ful unto death’.” Pope Pius said he hoped and prayed that God would bring the persecution to a quick end, and urged that the entire Church pray for the same intention. He added that he was confident that the spir itual power represented by the Propagation Society would bring his prayer to realization. “If God wishes, and we beg it with all the fervor of our Heart,” ♦he Pontiff told his hearers,, “He can stop the scourge and cause that the Resurrection will quickly fol low the Passion, and that the pres ent sacrifices will quickly bring abundant fruits. This supposes that the prayers of the en.ire Church may obtain this grace for Our suf fering children, and the immense spiritual forces v.’ ich you repre sent furnish a lively hope for this.” St. Theresa Is Model Declaring that the Little Flower, patroness of the missions, should give example and encouragement in the crusade of prayer, the Pon tiff said that the saint “teaches us to make of our daily life an apos tolic offering which is highly mer itorious and efficacious.” “The work of the Propagation of the Faith.” he added, “will beg the Omnipotent God to raise numerous missionary vocations. St. Theresa (Continued on Page 2) o--------------- Virgin Marv’s Influence In Africa Cited Blessed Mother Serves As Model To Women. Pope Tells Marian Congress DURBAN. SOUTH AFRICA The Virgin Mother’s influence on the home and civil society was pointed out by Pope Pius XII last week in a radio message to South Africa’s National Marian Congress. The Congress, attended by church dignitaries from many na tions in the world, was held to commemorate the 100th anniver sary of the arrival in South Africa of the missionaries, the Oblates of Mary Immaculate. ice. (Continued on Page 2) Explaining the influence which Mary has wielded there, the Pon tiff said it “not only lifted woman from her especial degradation but gave her the challenge to become the latent force that vCould give renewed and refined vitality to civ ilization.” His Holiness said the home and civil society have felt the “quick ening pulse of a life purified by woman’s love and holiness.” Holi ness, he added, implies courage, self-restraint, patience, kindliness, modesty and unworldliness and is the “source of her greatest power for good. “Thrice blessed.” he continued, “is the family circle where a wom an’s gentle rule and high ideals point the way of sanctity to those whu reverence her beyond all else on earth.” Among the main purposes of the Congress were to increase devotion to the Mother of God as Patroness and Heavenly Queen of South Af rica under the title of her Assump tion, and to increase the spirit of Youth Must Reunite Nations, Catholic Students Are To’d The responsibility for reuniting a divided world belongs to youth of today, a Columbus attorney as serted last week at the seventh re gional congress of the National Federation of Catholic Students. Students from ten colleges in Ohio and Kentucky attended the one-day session at St. Mary of the Springs. Edmund Doyle told the group that young people have a stronger and clearer grasp of the meaning of their faith than did the youth of a generation ago. and they should apply this faith to the so cial. economic and political prob lems of our time. “A narrow concern for personal salvation only is not enough,” Mr. Doyle declared, adding that youth must seek to “permeate with the spirit of Christ all our social insti tutions and thus combat the subtle virus of secularism which is a more potent threat than the more obvi ous menace of Communism.” Also addressing the group was Bishop Ready, who noted that young people are more mature and capable of assuming responsi bilities than is usually recognized. The Bishop quoted from a recent address by Pope Pius XU in which the Pontiff stressed the import ance of prayer for young people. Prayer is the expression of a deep faith in God and is the only ade quate strength for a youth temnted by the shallowness and r^'a'i’ity of the so-ca’led “new mora’ity,” the Bishop said. Earlier, Bishop Ready Fad onen ed the congress by celebrating Mass for more than one hundred students participating in the event. At another session, the Rev. Leo Van Everbroeck, assistant pastor at Holy Cross Church, called for close harmony between the pastor and people in order to generate a real Christian community spirit. “The parish is not for the pastor only it is chiefly for lay people,” (Continued on Page 2) Copy Deadline All copy for the Catholic Times must be in our offices— 246 E. Town street, by noon on the Saturday preceding publica tion date. All Classified adver tising must be in Friday noon, for ths following Friday's pa P«r.