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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, July 18, 1952, Image 3

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Five Franciscans Sentenced
To Prison By Tito ‘Court'
VIENNA (NO Five Fran
ciscan priests have seen sen
fenced to long prison terms follow
ing their “conviction” of “counter
revolutionary activities” by a Tito
court in Mostar. Bosnia.
The Belgrade radio identified
four of the priests as the Revs.
Smiljan Zvonar, superior of the
Franciscan monastery at Mostar
Drago Stojic. Ferdo Vlascic. and
Father Ivancic. The name of the
fifth accused is not yet known.
They received prison sentences
ranging from five to 16 years.
Two civilians, tried together with
the priests, were also convicted.’'
The Accusations
The priests were accused of
haiing “forged certain state docu
ments to bring about the release
from prison of a number of other
priests who had previously been
sentenced as “clerico-fascist war
The Knights of
Columbus Club
NOW HAVE
A number of NICE
OUTSIDE ROOMS
with and without bath at
very REASONABLE RATES
ALSO THE BALLROOM
is now available for Dances,
Parties and Banquets.
For Information Phone
MA. 4451
criminals.”
The Belgrade radio reports des
cribed Father Vlascic as ‘a leading
member ol the Association of Cath
olic Priests ol Bosnia and Herce
govina He was accused during
the ••trial" ol having maintained
contact with a “friars’ organiz
ation” in the United States, from
which he received parcels.
To judge by the reports, the
“trial” proceeded strictly in ac
cordance with the routine worked
out by totalitarian “justice” to
bring about "confessions” ol the
accused. The priests were charged
with “anti people and anti-social
ist activity.” with "plotting” for
the overthrow of the present reg
ime, and complaining about the
persecution of the Croats in Yugo
slavia. Two of the priests are said
to have “confessed" their guilt.
(.ailed 'Subversive'
The indictment charged the
priests with having brought about
by forgery and bribes the re
lease of accused priests “so that
the freed criminals could continue
their subversive work against the
people and the socialist regime.”
They were said to have exercised
their influence through "brethren”
who “assailed passionately what
ever was progressive and socialist.”
Some of these “brethren.” the
Belgrade radio announced, “will
soon be brought to book before
the people's tribunals.”
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SUNDAY MASSES IN CHAPEL 7 AND 11 A. M.
Reservations Columbus Office: ADams 2511
Secularism Is
Barren Desert
Says The Pope
’Life Of Nations Depend*
On I ndeniable Demands
Of Religious (Conscience’
VATICAN CITY (Radio. NC)
His Holiness Popp Pius XII criticiz
ed secularism ax one of the most
worrisome problems in a brief
Spanish address as he received
Max Enriquez Urena, new Ambass
ador to the Holy See from the Do
minican Republic.
Nothing is “so capable ol arous
ing worry in any correct, enhght
ened mind.” fhe Pope declared,
"as this desire to remove from the
life of men and peoples the true
religion, as if in the progress of
nations and their march forward
they needed, first almost to free
themselves from so awkward a
burden.”
“On the contrary, it will always
be certain that the life of nations,
the natural and legitimate develop
men! ot society, just as the happi
ness of individuals, lie principally
in respect lor first principles, in
recognition of natural and divine
rights and in submission to just
laws.
All this will not be possible if
those principles are sought in the
barren desert of a philosophy
which ignores the most fundament
al values or when the observance
of law is not based on the unde
niable demands of a religious con
science apart from the simple fear
of human sanction.”
Chicago Hears
Premiere Of
Puccini Mass
Brooklyn Priest Returns
From Italy With Copy
Of 1878 Masterpiece
CHICAGO—(NO- A hitherto un
published Solemn Mass of Giacomo
Puccini had its U.S. premiere here
today, thanks to a Brooklyn pastor
who began his musical studies as a
small hoy at the Italian institute
where the great composer was com
pleting his.
Only one copy ol the Mass was
ever made, and Puccini presented
it to a friend with the inscription:
“This is my masterpiece which I
composed in honor of St. Paulinus,
first Bishop of Lucca.”
Puccini was only 20 when he
finished the work as his graduation
thesis at the Institute of Lucca.
Years later, when he had won re
nown as a great composer with
such operas as “Manon Lescaut",
“La Boheme ", “Tosca”, and "Mad
ame Butterfly”, he still considered
the Mass the finest thing he had
ever written.
Alfredo Antonini. chairman of
the music department of St. John's
College in Brooklyn, conducted
the Swedish Choir of 175 voices
and a symphony orchestra in a
performance of the Mass at Grant
Park here.
New Yorkers heard the Gloria of
the Mass sung by Jan Peerce and
the Collegiate Choir, also under
Mr. Antonini's baton, at Lewisohn
Stadium.
The Rev. Dante Del Fiorentino,
pastor of St. Lucy’s Church in
Brooklyn who was a fellow student
of Puccini's at the Institute of Luc
ca. brought the sole copy of the
Mass to this country after a visit
to his homeland.
-------------------o-------------------
St. Michael CYO
Elects Officers
Bryan Henry was elected presi
dent ol the newly formed Catholic
Youth Organization of St. Michael s
Church, Worthington, at the
groups initial meeting recently.
Other officers are: Sue Weiland,
vice-president Donna Lakata.
secretary Thomas Weiland, trea
surer. Members of the council are
Joe Reiger, Jr., Marian Finch.
David Cooper, Patty Joyce and Sal
ly Quellette.
At the next meeting, slated
for Aug. 10, the group will adopt
its motto.
-------------------o------------------
Ex-Superior General Dies
MONTREAL- fNC) —The Very
Rev. Fernand Desrousseaux. 77,
who served as Superior General of
the Brothers of St. Vincent de Paul
from 1914 to 1946. died recently
in France.
L..V.
Covenants Delayed
THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY JULY 1 1952
“Detective” At Work
•vaur
J2g*
Despite the reluctance for varied
reasons of member nations of the
commission, both East and West, to
finish the task, the commission
completed the preamble for the
two covenants, and redrafted at
the general assembly’s request the
basic articles for each. Dr. Malik,
who has played a noteworthy role
in the Human Rights Commission
since its beginning, considers this
a significant achievement. He did
express regret that there had not
been more active leadership in the
commission on the part of the
West.
Still to be tackled are several
new articles, including those which
will deal with implementation.
This is a “very explosive” matter.
Dr. Malik said, and each nation is
anxious to write in adequate safe
guards.
Mrs. Roosevelt Says
In another press conference. Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt stated that the
United States Delegation’s ap
proach to the draft covenants "has
been guided by our Constitution
and by existing statutes and pol-
Rlind Priest Says Mass
For 60(1 Rlind Pilgrims
CAP DE LA MADELEINE. Que.
—(NC) Six hundred blind per
sons. each accompanied by a friend
with good sight, took part in the
annual pilgrimage of the Blind to
the shrine of Our Lady of the Holy
Rosary here.
The special pilgrimage Mass was
offered by the Rev. Roland Camp
bell. blind priest. He urged all to
join together so they could better
hear their handicaps, and to form a
social action group in the service
ol the Church.
Stamp Honors Gutenberg Bible
1452 -1952
OOtl,AuniUcfsarij
of the printing
of the first book.
Jlte Swig
nit inobahlr tgpc.hu!
ohiinii ^iitcubriq
U.S. postage
Commemorating th* 500th anniversary of the printing of the first
book, th* Holy Bible, from movable type, by Johann Gutenberg, Ca
tholic inventor of printing, a new 3-cent United State* postage stamp
wilt be released on September 30, during the nation-wide celebration
of Bible Week, Th* design of th* stamp, pictured above, feature*
reproduction of a painting in the New York Public Library showing
Gutenberg in hi* print shop at Mainz, Germany. (NC Photos)
3
Xavier University, Cincinnati, student*, Edward G. Moran (left),
and Thoma* H, Crush (right), assist "literary detective" Dr. Paul
Harkins (standing) in establishing the first critical edition of the
homilies on the gospel of St. John Chrysostom, written in 400 A. D.
Using modern tools of communicetions, Dr. Harkins can complete his
job of scholarship in a few years, a task that would probably con
sume a lifetime otherwise. As associate professor of classical lan
guages at Xavier, Dr. Herkins is shown between the microfilm reed
ers adjusting volume control on a wire recorder. (NC Photos)
Emphasis Seen Shifting
Toward Human Rights Field
Economic, Social. Needs Of Individuals Becoming
Focus Of Attention. Sass Dr. Malik
UNITED NATIONS. N. Y.—(NC)
-Since the close of World War II
there has been a quiet but signific
ant development in the realm of
human rights in the United Na
tions. according to Dr. Charles Ma
lik. U N. Human Rights Committee
Chairman.
In a press conference as the Hu
man Rights Commission brought
to a close its eighth session, Dr.
Malik, who is Lebanon's U.N. del
egate. attributed the change to two
factors: the insistent impact of the
Soviet Union on the world and its
thinking, and the rise of underde
veloped countries to the position
where they can make themselves
better heard and felt in the U.N.
Most of the latter countries. Dr.
Malik said, care first for economic
and social rights, and secondly for
political and civil rights.
Dr. Malik said the work of the
Human Rights Commission has
been delayed by the unfavorable
international climate. It has now
asked for authorization to com
plete its work on the proposed Cov
enant on Human Rights at its 1953
session. Thus the convenants will
not be considered by the General
Assembly before 1953. or possibly
even 1954.
icies approved by the legislative
and executive branches of the ted
eral government.”
One of the articles on which the
United States has expressed great
reserve- -as have other Western
powers is the article on the right
of peoples to self-determination.
The U S. objection is to the “arbit
rary wording of the paragraph
dealing with the sovereignty ot
peoples over their natural
resources.
While the Commission has
adopted texts for the two Coven
ants. it is foreseeable that various
changes will be made before they
have finished their journey through
the Economic and Social Council
and the General Assembly.
o-------------------
Neu Prayerbook
Enables Children
To Read Breviary
NEW YORK (NC) The
hymns from the Divine Office of
Prime and Compline—the official
morning and evening prayers of
the Church—are among the unusu
al features of a new prayerbook
for young children.
The words are in verse transla
tion from the Breviary, and the
melody actually used for the
hymns when monks chant the Of
fice is included.
The prayerbook. "Glory to God.’’
compiled by Dorothy Coddington.
also contains prayers for use at
other times throughout the day,
based on the liturgy and the
psalms, and the actual* prayers of
the Mass simplified to first and
second grade vocabulary and short
ened to suit the reading speed of
young children.
Such familiar prayers as the
"Our Father’’ and "Hail Mary” are
divided into “sense lines” for easy
reading by beginners and as a help
to understanding. Other features
are two-color illustrations on al
most every page by Pelagie Doane,
and a preface for youngsters by
the Rev. Godrey Diekmann, O.S.B.,
editor of Worship, a liturgical
monthly.
The book is published here by
the William H. Sadlier company.
PAOLETTIS
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COLUMBUS
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Pleasant Atmosphere
Open a. m. to 9 p. m.
Complete Bar Service
Closed Son day
PANAMA
10,000 Throng
To Dedication
Of New Abbey
CITY BEACH
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children ar* welcome,
V
DUBLIN INC)—Ten thousand
persons from all parts of Jrelt-nd
attended the solsmn dedication of
a new Franciscan Abbey at Ross
nowlagh County Donegal. The
event marked the return of the
Franciscans to that area after 350
years.
Among tho?e who witnessed the
dedication by Bishop William Mac
Neely of Raphoe were President
Sean T. O'Kelly, Prime Minister
Eamon de Valera, and a large
group of clergy and public repre
sentatives. Afterwards Solemn
High Mass was celebrated by the
Very Rev. A. MacLoone. president
of St. Eunan's College. Letter
benny, assisted by- two Franciscan
priests.
The chalice used at the Mass was
one that had been donated in 1600
to a Franciscan monastery then
established in Donegal. Special
preachei was the Rev. Dr. P. J.
McLaughlin vice president of St.
Patrick's College Maynooth who
said the modern world needs the
spirit ol St. Francis who detested
discord and sectionalism, and who
was the most ardent lover of
poverty the world had ever known.
Hut For Chapel
Dedicated to the Immaculate
Heart of Mary the church is locat
ed at the entrance to Donegal Bay.
The Franciscans returned to Done
gal six years ago but until the
building of the new church they
had lived in a small house using
a Nissen hut as a chapel.
Speaking at a luncheon follow
ing the ceremonies. Bishop Mac
Neely and Premier de Valera both
praised the work of the Francis
cans in Ireland Mr. de Valera, who
■Poke in Gaelic, referred to histor
ical research work being carried
on by the Franciscans, in the
tradition of the Four Masters who
compiled "The Annals ol the King
dom of Ireland." an historic record
which ranges from the earliest
period up to the year 1616.
Mr. de Valera said he thought
that the best way of honoring
the memory of Donegal-born
Brother Michael O'Clery, the chief
compiler of the Annals, and his
Franciscan companion was to pub
lish an editic of their works. He
expressed the hope that this would
soon be done.
Lay Retreats
1952
July 17-20 ............................Men
July 22-24 .......................... Men
July 25-27 ................... ..... Women
Aug. 1-3 ................................. Men
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Aug. 15-17 ........................... Men
Aug. 22-24 ................ Women
Aug. 29-31 ........................Women
Sept 5-7 .......................... Men
Sept. 12-14 ........................Women
Sept. 19-21 ........................... Men
Sept. 26-28 ..............................Men
3-5 .........................Women
Oct- 10-12 ........................ Men
LAY RETREAT HOUSE
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