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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, September 26, 1952, Image 1

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Vol. 1, No. 52
Oldest U.S. Catholic Bible
Accenting the theme of Catholic Bible Week, Rev. Wilfred Par
tons, S.J., noted educator and former editor of the magazine "Amer
ica," examine* the first Catholic Bible printed in America, at Phil
adelphia in 1790 This Bible, along with the first translation of the
Bible into English, print*' in 1582 (small book in foreground) and
ene of the oldest Bibles printed in Latin (large book at bottom) it to
be part of the Bible exhibit of Georgetown University marking the
500th anniversary of the Gutenberg Bible, Washington, D.C. (NC
Photos)
Why The Catholic Bible
Varies From Protestant
(The following is the third in a series of articles specially written
for the Catholic Times in conjunction with the observance of Catholic
Bible Week. Sept. 28 to Oct. 5. Father Wo/ is instructor in Sacred Lit
erature and Biblical languages at St. Charles Seminary, Columbus.)
By Rev. George T. Wolz, S.T.D.
If one compares the Bible printed by Gutenberg with an
edition of the Sacred Scriptures published outside the Catho
lic Church (the recently released Revised Standard Version,
for example), it will be immediately evident that the contents
of the Old Testament are not the same in the two volumes.
Gutenberg s Bible, like all Catholic
Bibles printed since his time, con
tains seven books which are omitt
ed in non-Catholic editions These
are Tobias, Judith. Wisdom. Ec
clesiasticus, Baruch, I and II
Machabees.
Jews and Protestants regard
these books as suitable for piou
reading, perhaps, but in no way
possessing the authority of true
Scripture, since they were not writ
ten under divine inspiration. The
Catholic Church on the other hand,
teaches that they are as truly in
spired as the rest of the Old Testa
ment. and so have full right to the
title of Scripture.
Ancient Difference
The difference is a very old one.
going back to the first decades of
the Church's history. Before the
time of Christ, when the synagague
still spoke with authority, there
was no official decision as to which
books, and which alone, were of
divine authorship (or, to use the
Elect Fr. Curran
To Head Catholic
Psychology Ass*n
The Rev. Charles A. Curran, Ph.
D.. professor of psychology at St.
Charles Seminary, has been elect
ed president of the American
Catholic Psychological Association.
Author of several books on coun
selling, Father Curran has been a
member of the faculty at St. Char
les since 1941. Two of his books,
"Counselling in Catholic Life and
Education.” and “Personality Fac
tors in Counselling” are widely
Fr. Curran
used in the profession In addition,
the Family Life Bureau of the Na
tional Catholic Welfare Conference
in Washington issue a sermon on
"Marriage Counselling” in booklet
form for distribution throughout
the nation.
Father Curran received his mas
ter’s degree and his doctorate in
phychology at Ohio State Univer
sity. and has done research at the
University of Toronto and at Ca
tholic University. He was ordained
March 4, 1939. by Bishop Hartley.
technical term, which books be
longed to the canon).
Of course, the Jewish people were
well aware that Genesis and Isaias
and the Psalms and certain others
were inspired by God, since their
religious leaders used them as in
spired books, but no all-inclusive
list had been drawn up.
There were, however, two diff
erent views on the conditions of
inspiration current at this time,
and the divergence was to have
important consequences later on.
In general, the rabbis in Palestine
were more conservative than their
colleagues outside the Holy Land,
and it was their belief that the
line of prophets had come to an
end at the return from the Babylon
ian Captivity.
God had sealed up His Spirit af
ter the days of Esdras, hence no
man had written under His guid
ance since that time. But in the
Dispersion i e. that part of the Jew
ish people which lived outside of
Palestine, especially in the great
city of Alexandria, a less narrow
view prevailed: God was not bound
to any particular time and place.
His Wisdom could come to the just
and instruct them in third century
Alexandria as easily as it had in
seventh century Judea.
The Dispersion was therefore
prepared to accept the sacred char
(Continued on Page 2)
Bishop Urges
That Families
Reeite Rosarv
To Honor Blessed Mother
During October Make
Home Miniature Church
Family recitation of the Rosary
was urged this week by Bishop
Michael J. Ready of Columbus in
a letter to ail Catholics in the di
ocese.
Noting that October is the month
which the Church sets aside for
recitation of the Rosary in honor
of our Blessed Mother, the Bish
op called on all families to begin
saying the Rosary every day. and
to “continue the practice every day
of your lives.”
In doing so, the Bishop said, par
ents wijl make their homes a
“church in miniature,” and will be
carrying out Our Lord's assertion
that “My house is a house of pray
er.”
One of the objects of our pray
ers. Bishop Ready continued, is the
establishment of world peace. He
declared that God alone is peace,
and that this “cherished dream of
people everywhere” can be attain
ed by unceasing prayers through
Mary, the Queen of Peace.
In conclusion, the Bishop urged
the faithful to attend Mass as well
as the daily Rosary devotions
which, as in the past,\will be held
in all churches in the diocese.
To the Reverend Clergy, Religious,
and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus.
My beloved Brethren:*
October is dear to the hearts of all Catholic people. It is the
month of the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Few prayers are
so dear to the lives of individuals, families and parishes, few
prayers are such intimate companions in times of sorrow and joy
few prayers have been so efficacious before God as that loving
repetition of Mary’s glory and powerful intercession on the part
of her devoted children throughout the world.
None of us have ever thought lightly of prayer of petition
before God. Especially, is this true now wheb we realize the need
of God’s providential direction in the affairs of men. The urgency
of establishing peace among nations and within the boundaries
of individual states grows daily stronger. There is no denying, my
beloved Brethren, that mere human efforts have proved Incapable
of accomplishing this cherished dream of people everywhere. There
is one power that can bring peace in our time. God alone, living in
the midst of men, enlightening their minds with truth and in
flaming their hearts with love, is our peace. The children of God,
fully aware of their obligation to the Body of Christ on earth, must
be unceasing in their prayers through Mary, the Queen of Peace.
They know the force of prayer to insure God’s blessing of peace
upon the homes of this nation and among families in those coun
tries where there is no peace.
Not many months -go during the days of the National Catholic
Family Life Conference held in Columbus, the devoted people of
this Diocese dedicated themselves to the ideal of making their
homes the Church in miniature. Our blessed Saviour said. “My
house is a house of prayer.” The home is a place of prayer. Fathers
and mothers should draw their children about them in daily fam
ily prayer. I urge you. if you have not already done so. to begin
the family Rosary in your homes during the month of October and
continue this pious practice every day of your lives. In those holy
homes where the devotion has been a tradition, let this month of
the Rosary be a ime of rededicating your families to the maternal
care of the blessed Mother of God, invoking her constant protec
tion over the young and pledging an unfaltering loyalty to her
divine son who merited our salvation and eternal peace in heaven
by His death on the cross.
It has been the custom in the Diotese of Columbus to have
daily public Rosary devotions in our parish churches during Oc
tober. The devoted Clergy and Laity have always shown themselves
to be loving children of Mary Let this period of special prayer to
Ahe Mother of God be no exception. I entreat you. my beloved
Brethren, to begin these days of October with Holy Mass and make
the evening parish devotions an occasion of bringing your families
together in fervent prayer to God. petitioning increased grace for
yourselves, blessings on your parishes and the Diocese and peace
among all men.
Begging the fullness of God’s blessings upon the families of
this Diocese through the intercession of the most blessed Virgin
Mary,
Southern Deanery Of DCCW
Plans First Fall Conference
The session will get underway at
3 p.m. with Invocation given by the
Rev. Lawrence O’Conner, assistant
pastor at St. Mary’s. Rev. Raphael
D. Rodgers, pastor, will give the
address of welcome.
Delegates will also hear commit
tee reports on the Parent-Teachers
Association. Catholic Charities, and
religious activities. Reports will
be given respectively by Mrs. Low
ell Armstrong, Miss Catherine Mar
tin and Miss Mary N. McMahon.
Music by the Central Catholic
High School glee club and a solo
by Thomas Cahill, Central Catholic
student, will also feature the oc
casion.
The closing prayer will be given
by Msgr. Joseph Casey, pastor of
Holy Redeemer Church, Ports
mouth. Benediction of the Blessed
Sacrament will follow in St. Mary’s
Church. Afterward, a reception is
scheduled in St. Mary’s recreation
hall.
Committee*
Hospitality: Mrs. William Rar
din, chairman, Mrs. John O'Brien,
Ike, Adlai Give
Views On Religion
BOSTON—(NO Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower, Republican nomi
nee for President and Gov. Adlai
Stevenson, his Democratic oppon
ent, in prepared statements gave
their views on the importance of
religion in the life of the nation.
The statements were made for
the Episcopal Churchnews, a week
ly magazine published in Rich
mond, Va.
Gen. Eisenhower said: “Our fore
fathers proved that only a people
strong in Godliness is a people
strong enough to overcome tyran
ny and make themselves and oth
ers free. Today it is ours to prove
that our own faith, perpetually re
newed, is equal tq the challenge
of today’s tyrants.”
Governor Stevenson said: “Relig
ious faith remains, in my opinion,
our greatest nations* resource. It
animates the great majority of our
adult people. It expresses itself in
many ways, although there are
many who find it difficult to give
formal expression to that faith.”
The Catholic TimesOMW10
Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, September 26, 1952
September 24. 1952
I
Devotediv in Christ,
MICHAEL READY
Bishop of Columbus.
To Meet In Chillicothe Sunday At St. Mary’s School
iCorcoran To Speak
Auditorium Father
The Southern Deanery of the Di
ocesan Council of Catholic Women
will hold its first fall conference
Sunday at St. Mary's School audi
torium in Chillicothe.
Highlight of the meeting, arrartg
ed by the St. Mary’s parish coun
cil, will be a talk by the Rev. Law
rence Corcoran of Columbus. Fa
ther Corcoran is assistant director
of Catholic Charities in the dio
cese.
Mrs. E. Stanton. Mrs. Charles
Bunstine and Mrs. Walter Shea
table arrangements and service,
Mrs. Marshall Fenton and Miss
Grace Hunsinger, co-chairmen,
Miss Patricia M. Shea and
Lynn Simon.
Miss
refreshmehts: Mrs.
and Mrs. Leo Hirsch,
Mrs. Walter Tripp,
McFerrin. Mrs. Pearl
William Hirsch and
Kranser.
program and stage:
Publicity,
Mrs. Charles M. McCarthy, chair
man, Miss Mary Heasley, Miss Ed
na Heasley, Miss Margaret O’Con
nor, Miss Jane Skinner, Miss Kath
erine Highland and Miss Stella
Bunstine ushers, Kitty Shea, Ann
Krauser, Marilyn Rooney, Mary
Towell, Josephine Hirsch, Mary
Jean Gallagher, Jessie
Mary Ann Cahill and
Schilder, all seniors at
Catholic High School.
Draher,
Theresa
Central
British Demand
Red China Release
Allied Nationals
LONDON (NC) The Brit
ish Foreign Office has sent a new
note to the Peiping communist
government demanding the release
of British, Canadian and United
States nationals who are under
arrest or detention in Red China.
A Foreign office spokesman said
the note was delivered on behalf
of the United K’ngdom, Canadian,
Australian and United States gov
ernments by Lionel H. Lamb, Brit
ish charge d'affaires in Peiping.
The note, he stated, listed 34
Americans as being in jail and 13
under house arrest.
In Washington, recently, Secre
tary of State Dean Acheson esti
mated that 156 American citizens
are still held in Red China against
their will. It is known that there
are still 53 American Catholic
missionaries in China six Bish
ops, 38 priests, one Brother, and
eight Sisters.
The Foreign Office delivered a
similar note to the Peiping regime
last April, but there has been no
real improvement in th situation
since that time, the spokesman
here said. He added that the new
note asked also for precise infor
mation on the whereabouts of
some 72 Allied nationals and for
facilities to visit them.
Catliolic Press In England
Replies To Question
Concerning Good. Evil
LONDON (NC) An “ethical
dilemma-” posed by one of Britain’s
leading scientists has brought vig
orous answers from the British
Catholic press.
The "dilemma” arose from the
question whether man is justified
in doing good when the results, as
,far as they can be foreseen by
man’s limited vision, are bad.
The question was posed by Prof.
Archbald V. Hill. Nobel Prize win
ner and prominent British war
time scientist, in his presidential
address to the recent conference
of the British Association for the
Advancement of Science held in
Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The good to which Professor Hill
referred was the saving of mil
lions of lives by the conquests of
science which, he said, threatened
the world with overcrowding and
famine.
Imagined Evils
The Universe was among three
London Catholic weeklies which
commented at length on Professor
Hill's question.
It has often been debated, to the
accompaniment of many libels on
Jesuits, whether we may do evil
that good may come,” the Universe
declared. “The new question is
whether we should not abstain
from doing good lest the remote
consequences may be evil.”
Stressing that “the Ten Com
mandments are binding and uni
versal,” the Universe added: “The
history of scientific study is elo
quent on the limitation of our vis
ion. With the accelerated pace of
discovery, the margin of error is
likely to be greater. The Neo
Malthusians may be as mistaken in
their estimates as the older ones.
The Catholic Times declared
that science is barred from inter
fering with human rights which
come direct from God and must
recognize that “the liberty of the
scientist is not absolute.”
A MINK
NEWSPAPER DIVISION
OHIO STATS IIUSCUS
COLUMBUS
Making final plan* for the Diocesan celebration of National Ca
tholic Bible Week are: (landing (left to right) the Rev. James Kulp,
Director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, anj Diocesan
director of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Louis Von Ville,
representing the Diocesan Holy Name Union Robert Hill, president
of the Diocesan Catholic Youth Council the Rev. Urban Nagle,
O.P., of St. Mary of the Springs College seated (left to right) are
Mrs. James Charles, representing the Diocesan Council of Catholic
Women, and the Rev. George Wolz, Ph. D., professor of Scripture
and Biblical languages at St. Charles Seminary, and Diocesan direc
tor of the celebration of Catholic Bible Week.
Dr. O’Neill To Address
DCCW Meeting Oct. 9
An address by Dr. James M. O’Neill, noted educator and
best selling author, will be one of the features of the seventh
annual convention of the Columbus Diocesan Council of Catho
lic Women, which convenes Octb9 at the Deshler Wallick Hotel.
om 84 parishes in the diocese
More than 1,000 women
will hear Di. O'Neill at a 7^:30
tn. banquet. A militant Catholic he
'Svill discuss “Catholicism and
American Freedom the topic
which he has developed in a best
selling book. The book, which sold
25.000 copies within two months
after publication, points out the
fallacies in Paul Blanshard’s vic
ious attack on the church. Amer
ican Democracy and Catholic
Power.”
Dr. O’Neill is a graduate of Dart
mouth College and studied lav* at
Harvard and the University of
Chicago. He served as chairman
of the departments of speech at
Wisconsin and Michigan universi-
Make Retort
To Scientist’s
New Dilemma
Klin
Mar-
Registration: Mrs. Donald
ker, Miss Mary Cronin, Miss
garet Creager. Miss Mildred Crea
ger, Mrs. Kenneth DeLong, Mrs.
Anthony Gans and Mrs. Donald
o i n e
John Brown
co-chairmen,
Mrs. Charles
Harris. Mrs.
Mrs. Harold
Diocese Set To Celebrate
Nat’l Catholic Bible Week
ties and Brooklyn College, and
holds honorary degrees from St.
Michael s and Boston College.
The convention will open at 9 a.
m. with a Pontifical High Mass in
St. Joseph’s Cathedral. Celebrant
of the Mass will be Bishop Ready,
who will also deliver the sermon.
Choir Rehearsal Slated
DCCW members are invited to
sing the Mass. Rehearsals will be
held at 8 p. m. on Oct. 1 and Oct.
Dr. O'Neill
6 in the cathedral, under the direc
tion of Miss Gertrude Kuehefuhs
of Holy Name parish. She will be
assisted by Mrs. Leo Hall and Mrs.
Carl Specht, both of Corpu Christi
parish.
The convention brings together
council members Lorn 23 counties
who will participate in a series of
workshops designed to promote
Catholic Action. Workshops are
scheduled at 11 a. m. and 1:30 p.
m. and will include discussion on
such topics as social action, parent
teacher associations, cooperation
with Catholic charities and relig
ious activities
Miss Marion Swickard. 1715 Clif
ton Ave., president, will be in
charge of the sessions.
WASHINGTON (NC) The
United States encourages and sup
ports the efforts to
close and enduring
Europe, Secretary of
Acheson said here.
“achieve a
unity” of
State Dean
Referring to the decision taken
in Strasbourg to study immediate
ly the formation of a European
Political Authority, Mr. Acheson
said this step demonstrates
strength and momentum of
“the
the
movement toward European un
ity,” even if it is too early to pre
dict “where these studies will
lead.”
European unity, he said, “will
contribute substantially to the
strength and prosperity of our
European friends and to the suc-
cess of our mutual efforts to main
tain peace in the world
The celebration of St. Jerome s
Night at the Campus Theatre at
St. Charles Seminary. 8 p. m., Sept.
Support United
Appeals Drive,
Bishop Urges
Letter Asks Clergy. Laity
‘To Respond Again With
Same Zeal. Enthusiasm**
In a letter sent to all the clergy
of the county this week. Bishop
Ready has urged the clergy and
laity to subscribe wholeheartedly
to the Franklin County United Ap
P' ’s Campaign
Thursday, Sept.
Oct. 23.
which opens on
30. and closes
generosity with
Praising the
which citizens of the community
backed up the 1951 campaign, the
Bishop said:
"I urge the devoted Clergy and
Laity of the parishes in Franklin
County to respond again with the
same zeal and charitable enthus
iasm in their contributions to these
much needed works of mercy. The
goal for the 1952 campaign is set
the
will
indi-
at S2.387.520. Success in
achievement of this amount
demand support from every
vidval in the community.”
Price Ton Cents $3.00 A Year
Solemn Mass, Discussions, TV
Program Feature Observance
The Columbus Diocese will celebrate National Catholic
Bible Week, Sept. 28 to Oct. 5. with a series of special events
designed for the participation of all the clergy and laity of
the diocese.
The celebration, which commemorates the 500th anniver
sary of the printing of the Guten
berg Bible opens Sunday. Sept. 28
with a Solemn Mass, Coram Epis
copo. at St. Joseph Cathedral at
11 a m., Bishop Ready presiding.
Schools throughout the diocese
will be included in the celebration
with special classroom study
projects set up for the pupils' par
ticipation. For the adults, special
Bible study groups are being
augurated in the parishes.
30. open to the public, will feature
a symposium on the history of the
Bible from the time of its first
appearance in the second century,
to the Latin, Vulgate, translated by
St. Jerome, through the centuries
up to and including the Gutenberg
Bible.
Four student seminarians will
present special papers. They are:
John Dreese whose paper is on
“The Old Latin Bible.” Charles
Lenhard, “The Work of St. Je
rome” John Geiger. “The Vulgate
Comes into Being.” and John
Luchi, “The Gutenberg Bible.”
in-
an
Seminary,
is planned
Tuesday, Sept,
as the basis of
At. St. Charles
elaborate program
St. Jerome's Night.
30. using the Bible
the program.
for
A special TV program will be
presented over WBNS-TV. Sunday.
Oct. 19
planned
terminal
program
the Oct. 19 date because of the sta
tion's prior commitments of time.
at 2:30 p.m Originally
for Sunday Oct. 5. the
day of Bible Week, the
had to be transferred to
Solemn Mess
With Bishop Ready presiding,
the Very Rev. Harry S Connelly,
pastor of St. Joseph Cathedral, will
be the celebrant of the 11 a m. Sol
emn Mass. Coram Episcopo. next
Sunday at the Cathedral. The Rev.
James Kulp. Diocesan director of
the Society for the Propagation of
the Faith and Diocesan director of
the Confraternity of Christian Doc
trine. «ill be deacon of the Mass
The Rev James Geiger, assistant
pastor at St. Joseph Cathedral, will
be subdeacon. The sermon will be
preached by the Rev George T.
Wolz. PhD., professor of Scrip
ture and Biblical languages at St
Charles Seminary, and Diocesan di
rector of the celebration of Catho
lic Bible week.
A pamphlet on “The Holy Bi
ble. the Heritage of Catholic Fam
ily Life.” prepared by the Catho
lic Bible Association of America,
will be distributed to the audience.
A quesrion period will follow the
discussions.
The Rev. George T. Wolz, S.T.D.,
will preside at the forum and the
question period following
The TV Program
The television program to be
presented over WBNS-TV, Sunday,
Oct. 5 is under the direction of the
Rev. Urban Nagle O.P. of St Mary
of the Springs College. Father Na
gle. noted author and dramatist, is
author of the script. Incidents in
the Bible will be dramatized.
The week of Sept. 28 will also
see published the first volume of
the new Catholic translation of the
Bible. The work will put into the
hands of American Catholics for
the first time a version directly
from the original Hebrew. Aramaic
and Greek, instead of an indirect
translation from Latin as hereto
fore.
cam-
The Bishop noted that the
paign will eliminate other fund
raising projects and will serve 'six
charitable causes. They are the
Community Chest, the Red Cross,
the American Cancer Society, the
Central Ohio Heart Association,
the United Cerebral Palsy Associa.
tion and the United Defense Fund
(USO).
He then added:
“Year by year, we see the in
creased facilities for th care of
the poor and the needy, the suf
fering and dependent members of
our local society. TFc tested pro
grams for better public health
have merited the recognition they
deserve and call for our assistance.
There likewise continues the heavy
burden on our social agencies for
the multifold needs of family care.
These an. the works which are sup.
ported by the offerings made to
the United Appeals Campaign.”
In concluding, the Bishop asked
the clergy to encourage their par
ishioners to use their leisure time
in serving as volunter workers in
the campaign, if needed.
o-------
Red* To Hold Mass Tria]
VIENNA—(Radio,
NC)—A mass
“trial” of Catholics will be staged
in Sophia. Bulgaria, within a few
days, according to a Moscow broad
cast heard in Vienna. The broad
cast stated that the defendants
comprised 40 Roman Catholics, 28
of them priests. They were report
edly accused of "criminal and hos-
tile activity.” against the Red re
gime and “spying for the Vatican."
Accomplished by American Cath
olic scholars eight years, the
new translation is being featured
in a window display at the Catho
lic Book Shop. 205 E. Broad St., Co
lumbus. Displayed at the same
time will be a selection of the
most important Catholic books on
Scripture, published during the
last five years.
The intention, Father Wolz said,
is to extend the influence of Cath
olic Bible Week beyond the actual
seven days of the anniversary, to
inspire renewed interest in the
Book of books, particularly tne Old
Testament.
With the new translation avail
able, Father Wolz said, the plea
that current translations are too
archaic and difficult to understand
will no longer be valid.
Father Wolz’s anniversary com
mittee is composed of the follow
ing: the Rev. James Kulp, dioces
an director of the Confraternity of
Christian Doctrine, and diocesan
director of the Propagation of the
Faith The Rev Maurice Hofer of
the Pontifical College of the Jose
phinum the Rev. Bennett Apple
gate. diocesan superintendent of
schools Joseph Tritschler, dioces
an president of the Holy Name
Society. Mrs. James Charles, na
tional representative of the NCCW
for the Confraternity of Christian
Doctrine: Miss Mary Boland, di
ocesan chairman of religious activ
ities. DCCW Miss Helen Corbett
of the Cathedral Book Shop, Fa
ther Nagle, and Louis Von Ville.
Local Nun Is 1st
Th* first nun to be appointed
a teacher in th* Department of
Politics of th* Catholic Univer
sity of America, Washington, D.
C, is Sister Thomas Albert Cor­
bett, O.P. of Columbus, O. She
took her doctorate a* C.U. with
a distinguished dissertation en
titled "People 01 Masses: A Crit
ical Study of Two Basic Con
cept* In Political Sociology." She
previously studied at St. Mary
of th* Springs College, Colum-
bus, O., and Ohio Stat* Uni
versity. (NC Photos)

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