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Patron of the Catholic Press and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Ual This Paper Printed by Union Labor Basis For European Peace Two world wars, both of which were centered in Europe, left the peoples of ’hat continent in dire economic, cultural and spiritual circumstances. The second of these wars did far more than the first to ruin what centuries had built up. It will take many years of peace to restore the nations to their former prosperity. It will take just as many to take fear of war from their hearts. No one is so foolish as to imagine that there are not great problems in Europe On the other hand no one acquainted with European history is unaware of the many injustices that these nations have been guilty of among themselves. The intense national alism, and even provincialism of most of these peoples, have helped to prevent the charity and un demanding necessary to peace. Pope Pius Xll gave a very timely warning in this regard while addressing the members of the Pax Christi movement in Rome recently. His Holi ness made it clear that the proper basis for unity io Europe is an "atmosphere of truth, justice and love in Christ This, he said, calls for justice, mutual respect and trust between peoples. The Sovereign Pontiff also warned that the peo pies of Europe should let bygones be bygones. It is only natural that some should nourish resent ments, languish under historical defeats, and boast of past victories. These emotions, however, do not contribute to peace among the nations concerned. Touching upon the thought ol recriminations, His Holiness emphasized that past faults must not be attributed to the present generation Those re sponsible for past injustices should be identified as far as possible, but the people themselves, es penally as individuals, are not to be held respon sible in any way. It is quite evident that the Pope is aware of rhe innocence of the great mass of peoples and of then desire for peace. He warns them and their leaders to establish in their hearts and in their dealings with one anothei the spirit of Christ, which is the source of justice and peace No one will deny the timeli ness of the words of the Pope, nor the wisdom of his plea that "even present day political and eco nomic complications can be amicably resolved with the good will of all interested parties Campaign Fires The two great American political parties are straining might and mam to convince the electorate nf the worthiness of their respective candidates The opposing forces hurry hither and yon to change defeat into'victory or to protect gains already made ampaign fires burn brightly in all camps as lead ers plan strategy for tomorrow's battles. In this most serious national endeavor it is al reads apparent that some ot the oxer zealous op ponents arc none too scrupulous about the honesty and decenty of (he tactics employed And this whether it be on t^ie national or local level Some times even precinct politicians can be most hitter with resulting harm tn good local government. America has sorrowfully witnessed unjust whisper ing and smear campaigns in other years It is hardly likely that this year will be an exception. Another form of deceit is adopted by politicians when they play up a candidate to some voters as having a qualification which those voters approve and nf attributing tn him the opposite qualifies tion before nthet voters A candidate is called pro this-or that in one speech and anti in another. Those whn start political rumors should know that is easv enough to do -o but that it is never easy tn recall them slanderous statement about an opposing candidate is quickly started on the wings of gossip but once .started, it is most difficult tn correct the error or recall it And it is almost im possible to repair the damage done To the credit of the most of the candidates themselves, it must he said that some nf this type of political evil is the vork nf over zealous camp followers. There is nothing more disturbing on the Xmci lean political scene than untruthfulness on the part of an office seekci in his attack upon an opponent Such evils have a way of coming home tn roost and have been known to cause more harm to the one who Start* the fire of ill-report burning In their efforts to win the approval ol the Amer Iran voter ail andidat might will restrict them selves to making cleat thcii own qualifications and intentions If their best appeal is an attack on the opponent, especially if that attack he lacking in sincerity, their own weakness is exposed (ampaign fins arc being kindled everywhere Officials would he wise tn set a watch over each of them, they could get out of control and burn the camp Observe National Catholic Bible Week. Sept. 211- Oel. 5 The celebration of the National Catholic Bible Week marking the 500th anniversary of the printing nf the first hook from movable type, the Gutenberg Bible offers the Catholic an unusual opportunity to do himself and the Church a great service. Ry joining in and enjoying the various activities that have been planned by the Bible Committee of this Diocese we can not only reemphasize our love -nd regard for the written word of God. hut at the name time, show to all the historical facts surround mg the Church and the Bible It is interesting to note that the very Church to whom the world owes the preservation nf the Bible often suffers from the attack that She sedulously '“■epi the Bible from the people that it was. in reality Martin Ixither who gave the Bible to the people. It might come as a surprise to some outside the Church who will be celebrating their own Bible Week, that Johann Gutenberg, who is being honored this week and the edition nf the Scriptures he pro duced were both Catholic It is also good to recall the St Jerome whose feast day. Sept 30. will he marked by special celebrations was also a Catholic and a canonized Saint of the Church These truths, matters of history, have been largely forgotten or ignored by manv nutside the Church The events of the coming week will give us all the opportunity of setting the score straight on these facts The coming week will undoubtedly be the occasion for that old calumy being trotted out with renewed vigor, the one that claims the Catholic Church wanted to keep the Bible from the people In proof of this aim ‘hr ■chained Bibles nf the middle ages will be pointed to. and the not-too-obvious conclusion will be drawn. In refutation of this slander we can point to the continuance of much the same practice today by different business firms and agencies. A commercial soap manufacturer sells bars of its product to various organizations employing large numbers of people These cakes of soap are formed on a spindle which can be attached to a chain which is in turn, fastened to the wash bowl. And then, we are all familiar with the standard practice of the Telephone company of “chaining” their directories to the telephone. One might as well argue that the companies using this particular brand of soap did so because they wanted their employees to be dirty, or that the tele phone company wished to keep their directories a secret from the public, as to say that the Church wished to keep .the Bible from the people by chaining it. With a little thought, the very opposite will be seen to be true. The intention of the Church like that of the companies mentioned, was, rather, to in sure that the object chained would be available for the greatest number of persons possible. It is to be hoped that all will make the celebra tion of the Bible Week an occasion for a personal re dedication to the reading of the Bible and a renewed interest in God’s written word among us. Just Among Ourselves Patting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate The era in which we live has many names, some of them boastful, most of them satiric and uncom plimentary, and a few of them indifferent. Among the -indifferent titles to which our times may lay just claim is "The Advertising Age.” All the mater ial necessaries (and accessories) of human existence’ are ballyhooed by advertisers, from items of pre natal care to the casket (with waterproof vault) in which we lie down at last, and the marble marker that stakes our final earthly claim. Advertising assails the eye and ear at every waking moment of our lives. Its agencies are many: the billboard, the magazine, the newspaper, the radio, television, dodgers delivered by hand, "lit erature” sent through the mails, "samples” handed out, talks and demonstrations by salesmen. It is because of the many modern voices of the adver tiser, and the exaggeration of claims which grows naturally out of the clamor and competition, that our times are called the Age of Advertising. Ad vertising itself is as old as the first “deal” made on earth, the first possession put up for barter The first man who had something to trade made the fact known he advertised. e Modern advertising, from which there is no re spite or escape, has to employ continually new «ip proathes and appeals it has to change constantly. Yet it is surprising to find that a few of the adver tisements hold on unchanged, decade after decade. Even among these public notices which, more than most things, must be strictly current and up-to-the minute, there are some enduring old timers. For example, there is the Baker's Chocolate ad. For more than fifty years, perhaps for a great many more than fifty,—the little woman in neat apron and cap has paced sedately into the upper left coiner of this ad. bearing the delicious product of the Baker Company in outstretched hands. Timo cannot wither her nor custom stale her inflexible uniformity. She is as changeless as Orphan Annie with the saucer eyes. And there is the ancient Prudential ad with its view of the Pillars of Hercules (or one section of them) rising in massive solidity and emblazoned with the strange yet familiar device, “The Pru dential Has the Strength of Gibraltar." Also there is the little notice about Mothersill’s remedy (and prophylactic) lor seasickness it has heen with us from the days of sail And Lydia E Pinkham s Veg etable Compound. And Father John's Medicine. It must be just about half a century since the ad vertiser made America conscious of prepared break fast foods,—that is, the cold variety. Cream of Wheat has had its genial colored man smiling at us for a lot longer than that And Quaker's Oats was boiled for many a breakfast before there was any thought or talk about pressed and processed cereals or exploded grains, which require nn prep aration beyond pouring from the box. But it was arounu 1900 that we first heard of corn flakes, and of the trade names "Vita" and "Force” and “Shred ded Wheat” and "Grape Nuts." It was around 1900 too,—give or take a few years, that trade names of foods began to be coy or cute Mr. Dooley parodied a brand still popular to day by calling it, “Yoii’H-die if-you don’t-gpt a biscuit What could be cuter than to turn the phrase "You need a” into a single word with capital U? And take the first two or throe letters of each of the words National Biscuit Company, and sec what you get Clever, what? Is Pears's Soap still advertised’ Its hilling was up for a long time A British product, likely, fnr Kipling put it into his verse about Sleary, that Scamp, and also into Sleary's mouth where its suds served as froth for a faked up fit And what of the long familiar ad for Fairy Soap’ Ivory, we know, has been floating since before the War with Spam, although it was probably somewhat more recently that it spread the banner for its 99.44%, and still later when it notified us of its ability to build complexion and “give a look e Wr have soaps to spare in today’s advertising, heaven knows And dcntrifices too But do you re member when a certain dental cream "came out a ribbon" and "lay flat on the brush’" The tooth brush manufacturers spoiled the business of rib bon bream, for they did not long permit the brush to stay flat. Ribbon cream was of no benefit when the brush had a concave or a convex form, or sported a little high tuft at the end, li*’ a Confed erate general’s goatee. And speaking of dentrificcs, do you recall So Zo Dont? So you don’t. Among the ads that have silently slipped away arc those for well nigh forgotten makes of motor car Who thinks to-day of the splendid claims made in the advertising columns for Apperson’s Roada plane’ It must have heen quite a car. And there were many others whose golden advertising prom ise seems to have gone with the wind. Peerless, Wi» ton. Cleveland here wore names to conjure with And later, Chalmers. Maxwell, Essex. Where arc the cars of yesteryear where are all the wonders they embodied, of which the ads missed no glowing detail’ Where is the once magnificent Stutz? Where the air cooled Franklin’ Where are the steamers, the White, the Stanley? They lacked no advertis ing. hut alas, they are one with Nineveh and Troy, Before long, perhaps, the names familiar to-day will vanish from page and screen and fall silent on the radio cars will all be jet propelled or atom activated, and will need new- brand names, Likely, pp’senger cars will dwindle in number and in kind, as ambitious America takes to the air. What great names we may look for in planes and helicopters! The memory of one old ad I cherish, not for the produce advertised, since I never used it and do not even know what its specific purpose was. It is dear for the mysterious name of the product, a not unmusical name, a name full of ghostly suggestiohs to imaginative childhood. The product itself was prosaic enough: it was pills. But the name's the thing, and the name was "Ripan's Tabules." & W -Wk- WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON—National Ca tholic Youth Week, to be ob served October 19 to 26, deserves well not only of our co-religion ists, but of all Americans. Quite accidentally, and in many respects happily, the an nouncement of the date and theme (U.S.A.—Unity. Sanctity? Action) for this observance coin cided with the revelation by a U.S. Senate sub-committee of the tactics employed by com munists in an attempt to win control of the youth of the Unit ed States. If anyone needed a special incentive to make the Week a resounding success, here it was. This is one of the things- the hrbadth of the work—that strikes a person most forcefully, when he learns about the Catholic youth movement for the first time. It comes as a surprise that the Catholic program serves clients that range from seven to 27 years of age In other words, there is a Catholic youth pro gram for children that have just attained the ago of reason There is a phase of the work that sees him through elementary, high school and college. The Catholic youth program, in its various phases, reaches 6.000.000 clients They are served directly either by the Church, or hy agencies approved by the Church authorities. LOUIS F. BUDENZ We are get ting more and more news about the Com munist prep arations to in vade again "the Right-led unions." This is not blazoned on the front pages of oui daily press but has been a constant topic of dis cussion in Communist organs during 1952. Union ‘Unity’ What are the tactics laid down for the comrades in this new’ trade union invasion? Above all. they are to raise the cry of "unity.” Acting often through those who will not be recogniz ed at first as Communists, they are to urge that all "progres sive” groups and tendencies work together, in the labor or ganizations. This will have quite an appeal to the unsuspecting The Communists have but one intent in this, and that is to in elude themselves in this "unity.” Their inclusion, with their meth od of caucusing secretly prior to trade union meetings, will speed their control. There is only one way to re pel this threatened Red control, and that is for the trade unions to retognizc that Communists are not part of the labor move rpent. They are the agents of that totalitarian force which everywhere has smashed tbe free trade unions and set up al leged unions which are merely speed-up machines for the Soviet dictatorship. Even as Commun ists are preparing their new maneuvers in the regular trade unions in this country, the satel lite regimes are issuing addition THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1952 Catholic Bible Week, Sept. 28-Oct. 5 5 Wi Catholic Youth Serves America A young man not yet 20 years of age appeared before the Sen ate subcommittee and told of his experiences as a confessed communist and rs a member of the inner circle of its youth ap paratus. He had joined the party at the age of 15*i years, he said. He read to the committee a portion of a statement which he said was made by a Russian leader at the Communist Inter national's Seventh World Con gress in Moscow in 1935. He said he believed it is still the party’s policy The statement is in part as follows: "We want to attack our class enemies in the rear when they start war against the Soviet Un ion. but how can we do so if the majority of the working youth follows not us but, for instance, the Catholic priests or the Lib eral chameleons. "We often repeat the slogan nf transforming the imperialist war into a civil war against the bourgeoisie. In itself the slogan is a good one hut it becomes an empty and harmless phrase if we do not do everything today to create a united-youth front. "We need a revolutionary youth movement al least 10 times as wide as our parties and a united-youth front hundreds of times wider still. That this is entirely possible in many coun tries is shown by the achieve Trade Unions: Take Notice! al decrees making labor organ izations the tools of the dictator ship. Cat Out Of Bag Again It is time that resolutions he introduced in every trade union denouncing the harsh exploit ation of labor in the countries under Stalinite control. There .should be an insistence within the unions that this matter he brought to the floor of the United Nations. Such a rqovc would have a double effect. It would prove to be a big educa tional enterprise in regard to the slavery that exist under the so called dictatorship of the prole tariat. In addition, it would smoke out the Communists since often they would feel compelled to oppose such resolutions. It is precisely by resolution that the Communists advance their control and discover those within a union who are favor able to their views. The May is sue of Political Affairs ordered comrades to make the center of these resolutions "the issue of war or peace." The label of "re actionary" is to be placed on anyone who "supports the war drive of U.S. imperialism and its anti Soviet foreign policy.” And so. the Communist cat is out of the bag again: "peace is the attempt to hold up the Amer ican defense program. Maximum Objective This is admitted in the direc tive which tells the comrades that they must by any means "bring labor into collision with the war program." We know from past experience what those words will bring about. The his tory of the Communists during the Hitler-Stalin pact period— history which should never be forgotten tells us that this language is an incitation to ■■w^S ments of our French and Amer ican young comrades. “Only if we undertake and press this work everywhere with the greatest possible energy, only if we aclyeve really import ant successes in this work, shall we be able to say that we are preparing the masses in Bolshe vik way for the event of an im perialist war breaking out.” The Catholic youth movement was not conceived and devel oped for the purpose of fighting communism. And yet, commun ism recognized it as among its greatest enemies. The Catholic youth movement aims at training and guiding the youth for honest and useful citi zenship here on earth, but above all for eternal citizenship in the Kingdom of Heaven. (National Catholic Youth Week ends this year on the Feast of Christ the King) In doing this, it must count not only communism, but also secularism among its ene mies. In fact, secularism is per haps the more sinister. It is the most widely prevalent danger in this country, and the world. But Catholic youth movement, while not striking out directly and exclusively at communism and secularism, creates an atmos phere in which neither can ex ist. Thus it serves not only the Catholic youth themselves, but all of the United States. strikes and stoppage of produc tion. But as Stalin has instructed them in his “Strategy and Tac tics," laid down years ago in "The Foundations of Leninism," the Reds always have a minimum and a maximum objective. This May article expresses that quite directly. If it is impossible to get through a resolution favorable to "a Big Five peace pact," which the Kremlin wants in or der to bring in the recognition of Red China, then the comrades are told to do something else. They are to get the local union “to express itself in favor of a top-level meeting of the big pow ers." That will not have the di rect Communist stigma attached to it but will lay the ground for the Reds to represent that the local union has gpne on record "tn favor of the peace pact." Stitch In Tima One way lies open to genuine American trade unionists to de feat such maneuvers. It is to take the initiative by bringing in resolutions condemning the false “peace crusades” of the Com munists. showing that these cru sades are a cover for Soviet ag gression,, and specifically de nouncing "the peace pact" pro posal. Plenty of evidence can be mustered to demonstrate the Moscow origin of this whole scheme, from the reports of the House Committee on Un-Ameri can Activities* to the pages of the Cominform’s organ itself. With the renewed Red atten tion to capturing the Right-led unions, an alertness is required within the labor movement to offset these efforts before they begin. And what applies to the trade unions is an essential all community groups. Much the same tactics will be used in the one as in the other. INQUIRY CORNER What Are The Signs Of A Vocation? Q. What are the signs of a voca tion? A. A priestly vocation is de termined, as is any vocation, by reasonable and objective signs. Pope Pius XI (“The Catholic Priesthood” 1935) warns that it is “not established so much by some inner feeling or devout attraction, which may sometimes be absent or hardly perceptible." He adds the points to be used in judging: “a right intention in the aspirant, together with a combination of physical, intellec tual and moral qualities which make him fitted for such a state of life." A popular treatise on the subject restates the tradi tional qualifications as aptitude, inclination and opportunity. The most important thing in deciding any vocation is prayer, and the second is advice of parents, pas tor and confessor. Q. How can we pray to the saints if Mary is the Medisatrix of all graces? A. Just as Christ is the Media tor between God and man for our redemption and sanctifica tion, yet grants graces through His Mother, so Mary graciously honors the prayers of the saints. In the Communion of the saints we go a step further and ac knowledge our ability to pray for each other. When we pray to Mary we honor Christ, and when we pray to the saints we honor Mary and Christ, whose friends and servants they are. Pope Pius XI, recovering from a serious sickness, wrote in his “Peace Through the Rosary" (September 29, 1937): "We at tribute this to the intercession of the virgin of Lisieux, Therese of the Child Jesus but We know that We obtain all things from almighty God through the hands of Our Lady.” Q. A friend of mine argues that Mary, the sister of Martha, was nnt the same as Mary Magdalene. Is she right? A. An ancient tradition identi fies as one Mary Magdalene, Mary of Bethany (sister of Mar tha and Lazarus) and the sinful woman who anointed the feet of Christ. The Catholic Encyclo pedia article on Mary Magda lene follows this view. There is a great deal of scholarly discus sion, however, and many scrip tural authorities hold that there are three distinct women. In "The Magdalene Question” Dr. Peter Ketter presents the evi dence for this view. The New Testament accounts do not nec essarily link the three personag es: St. Luke (7:36-50) tells of the Sinful Woman, whose name is not given St. Luke (8:2-3), St. Matthew (27:55-61) (28:1) and St. John (20:18) refer to Mary RICHARD PATTEE A Northern Mission e ore ex amining some of the facts re garding the status of the Church in Den mark. I want to treat of the general diffi culties facing the a o lie missionary in Scandinavia. I n addition to the intel lectual a I lenge there’s always the business of the atmosphere within which the missionary must labor. Al though my contact with Scandi navia cannot be called profound and must of necessity be some what cursory, it seems to me that the milieu offers a number of difficulties. The existence of the State Church, supported by the government, is of course a factor of some importance. It gives a tone or color to the na tional religious life and produc es in many a sort of conform ism that it is extremely difficult to shake. In the second place, there is always the matter of dissociating Catholicism from something purely foreign. It is almost unbelievable to what ex tent the Catholic Chu/ch is con ceived as being ar institution of the south of Europe with no place or message for the north. Historical Perspective Part of this is historical. The development of the modern Scandinavian nationalities is fix ed in the popular mind as part of the process to which the Reformation gave impetus. Al though the Scandinavian peo ples before the Reformation had a long and often brilliant his tory under the Catholic dispensa tion, this plays a microscopic part in the emotions and senti ment of the rank and file. The National Lutheran Church has become in the popular mind the religious institution that springs from their own being and experi ence. Anything else, and espe cially a universal institution such as Catholicism, is alien and repugnant. I may be oversimplifying the question too much. But it seems to me from what I have been able to gather, especially in the histories and accounts of the national past by Scandinavian writers, that this assumption is a kind of sine qua non to all historical perspective. An extraordinarily interesting and recently published Nor Magdalene St. Luke (10:38-42), St. John (11:1-11) tell of Mary of Bethany. July 22nd is the feast day of St. Mary Magda lene, but there is no feast day of Mary of Bethany. St. Martha of Bethany’s feast day is July 29th. Q. What happened to Lazarus after his death. Was he judged— the particular judgement conies immediately after death doesn’t it? A. It is an article of Catholic faith that after death comes the particular judgement (Denziger 531), but it is generally held that Lazarus was not judged. He returned to life at the com mand of Christ after a real separation of body and soul, but most authors state that some special provision had to be made for the soul of Lazarus. During the four days after his death one author states: "I think it very probable that, just as the soul is inoperative as regards knowing while still in a body under the influence of chloro form, so the soul of Lazarus, though separated from his body, was preserved in being, but with its normal operations suspend ed.” Apparently Lazarus’ time of probation on earth was not over. We read in the Gospel of St. John (12:9-11) of his continued existence and tradition has him an apostle to France. Q. Why do historians make so much of St. Peter being or not being in Rome? Could he not have been Bishop of Jerusalem just as well? A. The evidenoe of un||roken succession of the Popes from St. Peter to Pope Pius XII is con nected with Rome. St. Peter was Bishop of Rome, and his suc cessors have been chosen as bishops of Rome. The present bishop of Rome is successor to the first bishop of Rome, St. Peter, and receives with that office all the powers we include under the title of Pope. St. Peter was the apostle of Rome, choosing it perhaps as an ideal city, being the center of the then-known world. Peter was, of course. Bishop of Antioch be fore he came to Rome, so he could have been Bishop of Jeru salem—the Apostle James was bishop there, however—and who ever succeeded him would have been Pope. The word "pope" was not used exclusively for the Vicar of Christ until the elev enth century, but records from the first and second century show the bishops of Rome as successors of St. Peter. Send questions to Rev. Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. wegian work of a young pro fessor at Oslo University, Dan iel Haakonsen, treats of the at titude toward the Catholic Church in the school textbooks employed in the Norwegian state schools. It is a devastating ac count of omissions and distor tions, assumption and errors that depict Catholicism as a foreign tyranny with no place in the modern democratic society. It would seem then that one of the initial tasks is to overcome an historical memory which has been fed on misinterpretation for centuries. One of the real difficulties en countered in examining the Scandinavian scene is to find de tailed and accurate accounts of just how the Reformation came about. Various Scandinavian Catholics, especially in Norway, have been publishing studies along this line seeking to pre sent the exact process whereby Lutheranism was i 1 a n ted. This is the necessary if not in dispensable opening chapter to any serious undertaking toward the spiritual penetration of these lands. I discovered only recently, and confess to a lamentable ig norance formerly, that Iceland fought what was almost a civil war against the establishment of Lutheranism by the Danes. A more familiar fact is, of course, the martyrdom of Jon Arason, the last Catholic Bishop of Ice land in the middle of the six teenth century. It is a curious thing that on that far off island Bishop Arason seems to have captured the popular imagina tion to the extent that his fig ure appears on a recently issued postage stamp, and a number of volumes have been written about him. I would say that, in brief, the three main problems in Scandi navia are these: 1) to break down the historical misconcep tion of the Church and its role 2) to penetrate the thick armor of resistance that has been thrown up by the official state religion—an all-enveloping pro tectionism, if it may be called that and 3) to combat the indif ferentism in religious matters which seems to pervade large segments of Scandinavian soci ety. The practical result in Catho lic missionary experience has been a number of brilliant con versions among the elite, but almost no progress among the masses either in cities or rural communities.