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Are You Reciting The Daily Rr»«ary During October? Vol. II, No. 1 The newly elected president of the Superior Council of the U. S. Society of St. Vincent de Paul, Edmond Borgia-Butler, New York lawyer, is shown (right) with Bartholomew A. Seymour, of Detroit, national treasurer. The Society held its annual meeting in Cleveland, In conjunction with the National Conference of Catholic Charities Mr. Borgia-Butler succeeds Mr George J. Gillespie of New York, for many years national president. (NC Photos) FBI Chief Says Nation Is Spiritually Starved WASHINGTON—(NO—Plans to observe National Catholic Youth Week from Oct. 19 to 26, were hail ed here today by J. Edgar Hoover. Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Pointing to an increase in the crime rate of the United States during the first six months of 1952. the head of the FBI said the stor ies behind these figures prove that “our nation is suffering from spiritual starvation.” He expressed the hope that National Catholic Youth Week would help to awaken all Americans, and that the spirit of the Week will continue into the future as a source of inspiration. Crime Rate Up “The crime rate in the United States continued unabated during the first six months of 1952.” Mr. Hoover said. More than one mil lion major crimes, an increase of 6.4 per cent over the same period for 1951. were committed. “Youth led the criminal army during the first half of 1952, as more persons aged 18 were arrest ed than any other age group. Al most 30 per cent of all persons arrested were less than 25 years of age and they were responsible for 55.1 per cent of all robberies, 60 2 per cent of all burglaries, 43.4 per cent of all larcenies-and 69.4 per cent of all auto thefts. Behind these figures lie tragic stories of parent al neglect, broken homes, immoral ity. adult delinquency and public apathy—painful proof that our na tion is suffering from spiritual starvation. Adults Indifferent “At a time when too many adults are indifferent to the problems we face -with reference to youth the National Catholic Welfare Confer ence is to be congratulated on its sponsorship of National Catholic Youth Week which will be cele brated from Oct. 19 through Oct. 26. 1952. I hope that this special emphasis will contribute to the awakening of all Americans to the continuing need to aid in backing worthwhile and constructive pro grams for youhg people. It is A* the St. Vincent DePaul President Adapt Rules To Modern Tinies, WpT"'' through such programs, properly implemented, that America can stiike a telling blow at the sour ces of youthful delinquency. "1 trust that the spirit of Na tional Catholic Youth Week will continue into the future and that it will serve as an inspiration for all those who have dedicated them selves Io the fight against crime.” -------------o------------------- Installation Rites For Fr. Gieringer Scheduled Sunday Bishop Ready will conduct the services Sunday at 3 p.m. when the Rev. Paul A. Gieringer, formerly pastor of St. Anthony of Padua cnurch, Lancaster. Pa., is installed as rector of the Pontifical College Josephinum. The ceremonies will be held in the Josephinum chapel. Musical background for the oc casion—which will be attended by more than 35 Diocesan priests as well as the students at the Jose phinum—will be provided by the Josephinum choir. Both Bishop Ready and Father Gieringer are slated to give short talks. Following the installation, Bish op Ready will be guest of honor at a dinner for Father Gieringer in the Josephinum dining hall. A get-together for Father Gieringer and faculty and students of the Josephinum at 8 p.m. will close the day’s activities. Father Gieringer was appointed rector in August by the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities in Rome. He replaced the Very Rev. Msgr. Adrian F. Brandehoff, J.C.L., who resigned in July because of ill health. Father Gieringer was born May 24, 1896, in Reading, Pa., the son of Charles and Anna Gieringer, both deceased. Prior to his en trance in the Josephinum, he at tended St. Paul’s school in Read ing. He is the 6th rector of the Jose phinum since its founding 64 years ago. 7th Annual DCCW Meeting Slated Thursday f® they leave the Cathedral Rectory following a conference on seventh annual convention of the Diocesan Council of Catholifc Women ere: Mr*. Anthony J. Herold, hospitality chairman Mrs. Richard H. Deibel, reservations secretary and Mr* Alexander J, Glockner, chairman of the workshop for officer* of organizations. A MINK NEWSPAPER DIVISION OHIO STATE MUSEUM C0LUM3U3 10 OHIO VATICAN (TTY 'NCc-Adapta tion tn modern conditions, at least in non-essentials, was urged by His Holiness Pope Pius XII as a cure for the “crisis” of insufficient religious vocations. The Pontiff addressed the ap peal to 700 Mother General and other Sisters whom hr received in audience at the conclusion of the First International Congress of Mothers General of Religious Con gregations which held three-day sessions in Rome. Speaking in French, the Holy Fa ther said that what he termed the “crisis” arising from the lack of vocations could be attributed, among other things, to the reten tion of customs and usages which were perfectly acceptable in an other cultural period, but are out moded and non-essential today. “We ask you,” the Pope declar ed. "courageously to conform ev ery, time that your Sisters and your own experience tell you that the moment has come to take account intelligently of present-day forms of life." He was referring at this point to a talk a year ago to dele gates to the first international congress of teaching nuns in which he urged superiors and general chapters to adapt schedules, regu lations and customs arising from past conditions to new circum stances. “Take care.” Pope Pius urged, “that the customs, the manner of life or the growth of your religious families do not constitute a bar rier, or a cause of failures (of vocations). We refer to certain usages which, if they had a mean ing in another cultural frame, have it no longer today, and in which a truly good and courageous girl would find nothing but obstacles to her own vocation.” Discusses Religious Garb The Pontiff said that “the re ligious garb must always express consecration to Christ it is this w'hich everyone expects and wants.” But he said it should also conform to modern demands and correspond to the needs of hy giene. He added that he had been unable adequately to voice his satisfaction when some congrega tions during the past year had put some of these ideas into practice. "In those things which are not essential,” the Pope advised the Mothers General, “adapt yourselves as far as reason and a well-ordered charity counsel.” The Holy Father said that his “most special reason” for speaking Benedictines Reopen Monte Cassino Abbey ROME (NC) The Benedic tine monks of Monte Cassino cele brated their return to the famous abbey here by holding a genera! chapter. The monks moved into the abbey a few days prior to the opening of the chapter. It was the first time the monks had occupied the his toric building since its destruction by Allied bombing during the Ital ian campaign in 1944. Monte Cassino is considered the cradle of western monasticism. It is the place where St. Benedict or ganized a community of monks and wrote his rule after leaving Subi aco. Diocesan Women AnnouiicePrograin For Convention Bishop Ready will celebrate a Pontifical Mass Thursday, Oct. 9. in St. Joseph’s Cathedral to open the annual one-day convention of the Columbus Diocesan Council of Catholic Women. Assistant at. the Mass, which is set for 9 a.m., will be the Very Rev. Msgr. Harry S. Connelly, pas-’ tor of the Cathedral. Deacons of honor will be the Very Rev. Msgr. Harold J. O’Donnell, assistant chancellor of the Diocese and ad ministrator of St. Gabriel's parish, and the Very Rev. Msgr Joseph E. McGlynn, officialis of the matri monial tribunal. Deacon of the Mass will be the Rev. Paul J. O’Dea. St. Charles college, and the subdeacon will be the Rev. James Kulp, Diocesan Di rector of the Society for Propaga tion of the Faith. The Right Rev. Msgr. Roland T. Winel and the Rev. James Carroll will act as mas ters of ceremonies. Speakers from many fields, both clerical and lay, will intergrate dynamically the nine workshops of the convention into the theme “Be Renewed in the Spirit.” The all-day meeting will open with a Pontifical High Mass at St. Joseph Cathedral at 9 a. m.. cele brated by Bishop Ready who will (Continued on Page 2) CT Pope Tells Convent Superiors Pontiff Say* Abandonment Of Outmoded Customs. Usage* In Religion* Order* Will Increase oration* The Catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, October 3, 1952 thus was the present lack of voca tions. Laud* Vow of Chastity Pope Pius said he wanted to speak a special word to those— priests, or laity, preachers, orators or writers who in these times have no longer a word of approval or praise for virginity vowed to Christ. He was speaking, he said, to those who for long years, in spite of the warnings of the Church, and in contrast to her thought, have given preference, in principle, to marriage over virgin ity, and who have extended them selves to the point of presenting marriage as the only state adapted to human personality and its natu ral perfection. “Let those who so speak and write.” the Holy Father admonish ed, “be aware of their responsibil ity before God and Church. It is necessary to put them among those principally guilty of a fact of which we cannot speak except with sadness.” The Pontiff went on to make two exhortations to Mothers Superior He asked them to show maternal affection in the direction of the Sisters under their care, and said they should see to it that the Sis ters are adequately trained for the office or task to which they are assigned. "Without doubt, it is true, as psychology holds.” the Pope said, "that the woman invested with au thority does not succeed as easily as man in dispensing and balanc ing severity and kindness.” Stressing the need for Mothers Superior to cultivate maternal al fection toward their Sisters, Pope Pius said that this is particularly necessary because the Sisters, like themselves, have made a great sac rifice in renouncing their families, the happiness of married intimacy, and of the domestic fireside. He added that Superiors have a duty “in the first place to inject into the common life of the Sisters the warmth of family affections.” -------------o------------------- Bulgaria Adds Fuel To Fires* Of Persecution Red. indict 40. Of Whom 28 Are Priests, Charged A* Being atiran Agents VIENNA (NC) A Catholic Bishop is among the group of Cath olics just indicted by the Bulgarian communist regime. This was revealed when the So fia radio broadcast a summary of the indictment and mentioned some of the defendants. In all 40 are accused of “spying” for the Vatican and the western powers and of "criminal and hos tile” activities against Red Bul garia. The broadcast listed about a dozen of those accused. The Bishop accused is Bishop Eugene Bossilkoff, C.P.. of N’icopo li, who usually maintains his res idence at Ruse. He was elevated to the episcopacy since the time the communist regime came to power. The 51-year-old prelate was ordain ed in 1926 and consecrated a Bish op in 1947. Others listed in the indictment are the Revs. Kamed Dichev lon kov, head of the Byzantine-Rite Catholic seminary in Bulgaria Pe ter Petrov, secretary to Bishop John Romanoff, Vicar Apostolic of Sofia and Plovdiv Marislav An tonov Banchev, former director of the Catholic seminary at Yambol. and Fortunat Pavlov Bakalkov, priests of Sofia and former editor in-chief of the Bulgarian Catholic paper, Istina (Truth). Also the Revs. Pavel lozov Gigov, Klaud Vonchev and Nikola Barbov, and two engineers identified as Vulkov and Zaekov. An earlier Sofia broadcast stated that there were 28 Catholic priests among the 40 accused. The more recent broadcast speaks of "29 Catholic leaders.” The indictment contains a long harangue against the western "im perialist” powers and the Vatican which it charges is cooperating with the "imperialists.” ----------o------------- European Newsmen Fas or Board To Bar False News AACHEN, Germany (NC)—Mea sures to curb false newspaper re ports that threaten West European unity were urged here at a meet ing attended by some 80 Catholic newspapermen from six European countries, including West Ger many, Belgium. Holland and Lux embourg. The newspapermen passed a res olution calling upon European gov ernments and organizations inter ested in European unity to form an international arbitration board which would pass judgment in cas es of untrue reporting. The pro posed board would be empowered to force newspapers found guilty of publishing false reports to is sue retractions. Jr i wt ?v. Holy Father Outlines Psychoanalysis Norms VATICAN CITY (NC) "Au thoritative norms” set by the Pope for the use of psychoanalytical methods are explained in a front page article of Osservatore Ro mano. The unsigned article comments on the recent discourse by His Holiness Pope Pius XII to dele gates of the first international con gress on the histo pathology of the nervous system. In this discourse the Pope outlined the moral and ethical limits beyond which science must not go and applied these norms to the field of psychoanaly sis. Distinctions Required According to the article, the Pope made it clear that neither psychoanalysis in general, nor its recently developed forms and tech niques, nor the psychotherapeutic treatment of sexual neuroses, are necessarily to be condemned. How ever, the Pope definitely disap proved of the so-called "pan sexual method” in its "transgressions of ethical limits.” (The phrase "pan-sexual meth od” was said to refer to the philos ophy that would attribute all men tal and emotional disturbances to sexual causes. A prominent Cath olic psychiatrist in Washington pointed out that if a psychoanalyst has a pan-sexual attitude regard ing mental illness, such an atti tude would be reflected in the method of treating the patient.) Not All Systems Wrong It must, however, be remember ed, Osservatore said, that not all systems of psychoanalysis are in fected by the “vice of pan-sexual ism.” All systems, it explained, have certain common principles, methods and experiments that are in no way contrary to natural eth ics and Christian morality and are. therefore, in no way condemned by the Pontiff. "In the psychoanalytical field.” the article said, "granted that the ethical order is fully observed, new and profounder researches and experiments may be made. But in all these cases practitioners fall not rarely into errors and abuses. Fifth Diocesan Synod To Open With Blessing Of Holy Father Vlf.to I “On the other hand, it is to be regretted that in some countries it has recently become prevalent among not a few medical men (and, unfortunately, also Catholics) to make use habitually or exclu sively of the sexual method for every nervous malady.” Discusses Freud Terming the Pope’s words "an authoritative norm on the much discussed question of psychoanaly sis,” the Osservatore article stated that the discourse also answers many questions posed by a recent article of Msgr. Pericle Felici, judge of the Sacred Roman Rota. In this article Monsignor Felici expressed the personal view that psychoanalytical treatment accord ing to the methods developed by Sigmund Freud comes close to be ing sinful for the doctor as well as the patient. “The Holy Father does not treat of psychoanalysis in general, nor the various forms and techniques proposed and experimented with during recent decades by compe tent scientists, including Catho lics,” the Osservatore article point ed out. “But he is concerned with the ’pan-sexual method of a certain school of psychoanalysis.’ Nor does he treat of the nature and thera peutic value of this method, but of the transgression of ethical limits committed by it. “Likewise the Pontiff does not prohibit or condemn the psycho therapeutic cure of sexual neuros es, but he does disapprove of the amoral method which is at work in the practical application of the cure.” The article, dealing with the use of the “pan-sexual method” for treating nervous disorders, criti cized the argument that its effec tiveness had been proven by re sults and that even priests should be instructed in the use of that method for better pastoral work. These arguments, Osservatore said, have too often and too imprudent ly been proposed tn all kinds of publications which emphasize the medical and forget the moral as peels. onpaiTr to wr createk fiitiji-e Pictured above is a document received this week by Bishop Ready from the Vatican on the occa sion of the 5th Diocesan Synod which convenes Wednesday in St. Joseph's Cathedral, Columbus. Signed by hi* Excellency, Monsignore Domenico Tardini, Secretary for Extraordinary Affairs in the Secretariate of State, the scroll imparts the Holy Father's apostolic blessing on th* Bishop, Auxiliary Bishop, clergy, religious and faithful of th* diocese "a* a pledge of ever greater future achieve ments for God and Souls." It is dated Oct. 4. 'oiilw. Chinese Communists Oust 72-Year-OId Archbishop HONG KONG (NC) The Chinese Reds have again struck at the small contingent of foreign Bishops still in China. They oust ed Archbishop Paulin Albouy of Nanning, a 72-year-old member of the Paris Foreign Mission Society. Archbishop Albouy had been im prisoned by the Reds last year. Earlier this year he was permitted to leave his prison cell. He was the victim of a hurried "expulsion meeting” before his ouster. o------------------pastoral Bible Reading Is Obligatory, Priest Asserts Scripture Tells Us How We Must Imitate Our Lord, Biblical Scholar Says The importance of reading Holy Scripture was emphasized last Sunday by the Rev. George T. Wolz, at a Solemn Mass in St. Jo seph Cathedral opening the dioces an celebration of National Catholic Bible Week. The seven-day ob servance commemorated the 500th anniversary of the printing ol the Gutenberg Bible. Fr. Wolz, who is professor of Scripture and Biblical languages at St. Charles Seminary, noted that most Catholic homes have a copy of the Gospels but that "dust sometimes lies thick upon the cov ers.” He compared this apathy to a soldier serving overseas who says he loves his parents, but week af ter week "he puts their letters aside, unopened and unread. How sincere is he when he says he loves his parents’” Fr. Wolz asked. “The Fathers of the Church,” the priest declared, “often com pared the Scriptures to so many letters written by God our Father to us His Children as we wander here upon earth far from our heav enly homeland. We say that we love God. But can we accuse him of injustice and misunderstanding if he questions our sincerity be (Continued on Page 2) A IIMHD APPtAl Vx -t achieve neirtBI Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year Mass Celebrated Bv Bisbop Ready To Begin Session A Pontifical Mass, celebrated at 10 a Wednesday, Oct. 8, in St. Joseph's Cathedral by Bihop Ready, will open the 5th Synod in Diocesan history. Deacons of honor at the Mas* will be the Very Rev. Msgr. Harry S. Connelly, pastor of the Ca thedral, and the Very Rev. Msgr. Harold J. O’Donnell, assistant chancellor of the Diocese and ad ministrator of St. Gabriel’s parish, Columbus. Assistant priest will be the Right Rev Msgr Paul Glenn rector of St. Charles college, while the dea con of the Mass will he the Rev. Julius Klinec. administrator of St. Mary's church. Portsmouth. Th* Rev. Thomas A. Sabrey of St. Charles college will serve as sub deacon. The Synod will be the first held in the Diocese since 1902 That was held under the direction of Bishop Henn Moeller, who after wards became Archbishop of Cin cinnati. All the clergy in the Diocese will attend the Synod, purpose of which is to enact laws which are necessary or useful for the welfare of the Diocese. These laws, which affect both the clergy and laity of the Diocese, are confined to the limitations prescribed by the common aw of the church and are pa^-ed only after consultation of all the clergy of the Diocese. Usually at the synod, decrees de termined upon by the Bishop, are promulgated When* promulgated, they oblige immediately unless the Bishop expressly permits a period of grace. Diocesan synods differ from all other legislative assemblies in the Church Whereas in ecumenical, plenary or provincial councils, the participating Bishops all have a vote and voice in the discussion and enactment of statutes, in a dio cesan synod, only the one Bishop, the Ordinary of the diocese who convoked the synod, has authority. He is the sole lawgiver for his See. Though he usually delegates the preparatory work of the synod to commissions composed of his dio cesan clergy, the Bishop alone ap proves the new statutes or revis ions of old ones, and he alone promulgates them that is. pub lishes the laws and sets the date on which they are to become ef fective. if it be other than the date of the synod. The first recorded diocesan sy nod took place in the year 585, but the report of it refers to such an assembly as a well-known and al ready ancient institution. They were traditionally held in the month of May. Pope Benedict XIV in a book en titled “De Synodo Diocesana” “Concerning the Diocesan Synod defines it as follows "... a lawful assembly convoked by the Bishop, in which he gathers together the priests and clerics of his diocese and all who are bound to attend it. for the purpose of doing and deliberating what belongs to “the care.’ —o—-------------- Requiem Sung For St. Marys Sister Solemn Requiem Mass was cele brated in the covent chapel of St. Mary of the Springs college. Co lumbus. Sept. 24 for Sister Olivia Glaub, OP. w ho died two days earlier. Sister Olivia’s nephew, the Rev. Hubert Rubeck pastor of St. Luke’s church. Danville, was the celebrant. Sister Olivia was born Feb. 17, 1898. at Lowell. O. and entered the noviate at St. Marv's in 1920. She was professed J"lv 10. 1922. During the 30 years of her relig ious life she had taught in the pa rochial schools at ilm°rding, Braddock. McFees ks *nd Pitts burgh. Pa Columbus ’v-ster and Somerset. O and ^-‘roit, Mieh. She is survived by three broth ers. Frank of Columbus Ten of Orrville and Roman of Newark three sisters. Anna Glaub -nd Mrs. Cnopop Rubeck of Newark, and Mrs. Carl Scharf of Mt. Victory. Program Change The Rev. Urban Nag'e, O.P., noted author and dramatist from the College of St. Mary of the Springs. Columbus, will di rect a special television pro gram Sunday, Oct. 12, as a part of the Diocesan celebration of National Catholic Bible W’eek, The program, to be seen over WBNS-TV, Columbus, channel 10, at 2:30 p.m., will be based on incidents in the Bible. Be cause of program commitments, it was necessary to change the program from the previously announced date of Oct. 5.