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CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15, Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. 0 Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio Price of The Catholic Time* i» $3 per year. Al^ aubscriptiona should be presented to our office through the pastors of the parishes. Remittances should e made payable to The Cath »!ie Times. Anonymous communications will be disregarded. We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views Pr opinions expressed the communications of our correspondents. Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Office, Columbus. Ohio. St Francis de Sales, Patron of the Catholic Press and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Us I This Paper Printed by Union Labor All Sainis and Ml Souls The Apostles Creed contains in its conclusion the words. "1 believe in the communion of saints.” This article of the Creed comes into sharper focus this week-end when attention is given to the Feast of All Saints and the Commemoration of the Foor Souls, or All Souls Day. The two feasts in turn emphasize the doctrine of the Mystical Body of Christ, Over tn Rome is the famous building called the Pantheon so called because it was dedicated to all the pagan gods Early in the seventh century the remains of many martyrs were translated to this temple, which was then dedicated to St Mary and the Martyrs Later it was consecrated to St Mary and all the Saints The church observed a feast in commemoration of all the Saints at various times, but in 835 Gregory IV had it fixed for November I The anniversary of the dedication of the Pantheon as Christian basilica was transfered to the first of November date by Gregory VII, thereby bring ing nut the idea of the triumph of Christ over the false pagan gods The Church Militant, that is the membership still living on earth rejoices with the Triumphant in heaven, all the Saints. By virtue of their membei ship in the Mystical Body of Christ it is a duty of charity and justice incumbent upon all the faithful to pray for the Church Suffering the Poor Souls Now this is where the article of the Creed is con corned, the Communion of Saints which means that our merits and suffrages may benefit the souls of the faithful departed that they may be loosed from their sins. The Mystical Body of Christ is the Church, of which He is the Head. That Church is ((imposed of Saints in heaven, the Suffering Souls in purgatory, and those still on earth that is the Church I ri umphant, the Church Suffering and the Church Militant The doctrine of communion of saints tells us that these may help one another We pi ay to the Saints asking that they intercede in our behalf ot in behalf of the Souls in Purgatory We may offei our good works in behalf of the Poor Souls I hose Suffering Souls, no longer able to help themselves can. however, pray fm us All Saints and All Souls days arc precious in the hearts nf all the faithful They serve as a remindei 'hat death is not the end nf man but rather that wr Are all destined to he united in heavenly and eternal joy. ^Render to Caesar**—Vote. Within a few days the American people will chnoae the man who is to he the next president of the United States From all sides it is being shouted hat this will he a momentous decision which the voters will make. No one will deny that there is quite aome probability that the future will see some important historical events, and that, consequently, the President of the United States will figure large ly in them. Because of the present unstable and dis turbed situation in international relations, and be cause of the present role which America plays in this acene, it is most important that the next presi dent be supremely qualified in ability and integrity for his high office. The two great political parties have been spend ing intensive weeks trying tn convince the elector ate that their respective candidate should be chosen if the nation is to survive. But with all the address ea, TV appearances and whistle-stops, it still seems to be doubtful which party will win Both claim vic tory. The ordinary citizen may find it difficult to decide. It remains for the voters to dn their duty In this regard, it is interesting to note that the Gospel read in the Mass of this Sunday contains the signifi cant command of Our I-ord. Render therefore to Caesar the things that arc Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s.” This would certainly be suf ficient urging for all the hesitant and lazy to do their duty a civic way. .fust as Our Lord in the Gospel told those about to render tribute lo the proper civic authority, so we must understand that we are to do likewise But this rendering of tribute does not mean just paying taxes, in a democracy it also means taking an active and influential part in the affairs of government Indeed, it could be sinful not to cast one s vote on the side of right, that is if one were convinced that the opposite side were evil or incapable. All things considered, this year's vote will, be important Those who are still doubling about which way to vote and all others as well might well re member this is a time to pray for the welfare of our nation It is not too important that a particular party be in power it is important that the better man for the ultimate good of our country and the world be chosen If there is a choice to be made, it should be made on such a basis, the well being spir itual and temporal, of all citizens Those who take heir voting seriously and conscientiously will have a great share in this To all others the admonition nf Our l-nrd applies Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's.” Secret Stuff A few weeks ago the “1-etters to the Editor’ column in a Catholic periodical contained an in teresting item in answer to an editorial comment of fered by the publication The editors had seen fit very rightly, to denounce the growing fad in relig jous novelties and took especial exception to th sale of “rosary counters These ingenious counters arc little items which may be held secretly the hand and enable one tn •count off” the Hail Marys and Our Fathers Hardly a unique innovation, seeing that we've had the Rosary itself for some seven hundred years and up until now it has seemed entirely adequate But no more A lady reader wrote a strongly worded letter taking thr editors to task for decrying something that it would anpear a whole segment of society had been waiting on Until the invention of this gim mick, street car riders had to spend their time hr tween home and office perusing the daily paper 01 the latest novel or reading the car ads Now. all this has been changed With the “rosary counter” commuters could now say the rosary on the bus or street car. The inference of this letter is enlightening It is the echo of a common tendency It is not so much the fact that a “rosary counter" would seem to be superfluous and unseemly, that we would point to—rather it is the fact that some people would look upon it as a necessity, as a boon. The whole tenor of the lady’s article seems to be built of the assumption that it is absolutely impos sible to say the Rosary on the street car or anyplace in public, for that matter, for fear of being seen Oh. yes. we must be circumspect. We must be sly. We must be covert. What we must never do. though, is to let anyone know that we are praying. FoY some reason or other, the external practic ing of our religion is looked upon, very strangely, apparently even by Catholics, as something to be hidden. We almost place it in the same class as something indecent or vulgar that should never be done except in the privacy of one’s room. Why is it that some people would never cavil at saluting the flag in public who would never think of saying the Rosary where others could see them? They belong to the same class who think leaking the sign of the cross in a public place is something akin to eating peas with a knife Apparently these things are just never done. For some reason this tendency seems tn he a growing one We can be assured, though, that things were not so in ages past—in the ages of Faith Need we have any more incentive to the full and open practice of our religion in our daily lives than the thought that those who confess Christ before men will he recognized by Him before His Heav enly Father? Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Let us turn admiring attention to the Independ ent Voter. This is his day. If the papers and reviews are telling the truth, the Independent Voter is sit ting high and spunky, quizzically accepting the bou quets and bon-bons of the busy boys of both political parties, hut failing triumphantly to commit him self It is admitted on all hands that the Independ ent Voter holds the fate of the nation in his hands. What he will do on November fourth is the ques tion that sears the well seasoned souls of campaign managers and their myrmidons. Now. if wp decide to put on our hats and step around to have a look at this most wooed and watched of citizens, we shall have a hard time finding him. He is in the papers he is in the re views he is prominently in all the polls. But he is not at home when we call. Folks who read what the experts say of the Independent Voter, and then try to catch a splendid glimpse of this key figure in the current fuss, are doomed to bitter disappoint ment. Expecting to find the hero, confident in his moment of power, swaggering perhaps in pardon able satisfaction with his political prominence, they discover none but feverishly committed party stalwarts, and an occasional distressed individual who acknowledges that he is groping vainly in a world of uncertainties Can this dismal and unhappy man be the mighty Independent Voter? The fact is that the Independent Voter of the polls and the reviews is only an abstraction. He is like the Average Man. His power and glory is all in the world of pure statistics. The romantic and emotional features that surround him are contribu tions of hoi fancy In real life the Independent Voter is just a puzzled person who doesn’t know what to do And he is not happy or boastful or tri umphant in his attitude there is no satisfaction in uncertainty. To get the real juice of joy out of election time, you must be a flaming partisan No matter what the claims and conditions of the candidates, the elector ate. speaking generally, is completely captive. One party or the other holds them in thorough thrall. The name of this stale of affairs is democracy. And this remark is not a sneer or a slur. It is merely the noticing of one of the million paradoxes that make up human life as it is lived in these United States. And we’d hate to sec that life rad. icaily changed. You dn not envy the spectator at the football game whn doesn't care which team wins, or who would like to favor one team over the other but can* not decide which of the two should have his alleg lance and the support of his husky cheers. This lad has neither the prospect of delirious joy in victory, nor, which is next best.—the expectation of churn ing chagrin in defeat. He is an Indifferent Isaac, and a Dismal Dud. Suppose ynu are seated before the flashing lumps and jumbles of TV, waiting through the pre cious lessons about beer and mildness and lanolin and refrigerators for the appearance of The Can didate You listen with rapture,—for this is Your Man' Every word he says has your approval, you could not say it belter yourself. You purr inwardly with the full conviction that this speech will wreak hasoc and devastation among the opposition You know, without question or suspicion of question, that no sane man can hear this oration and remain unconvinced that here is the one person, represent ing the one party, that can save the country from instant ruin and bring peace and prosperity to man kind In short, you are having a grand time You are a devoted soul, a dedicated partisan Election years arc for you. Across town- and perhaps only across the street, another -tarry eyed stalwart looks and listens. He is of the other party. The speech that you recognize as the embodiment of wisdom, sanity, moderation, vision, charity, ability, and all the rest, is. to this other voter but a babbling from Bedlam He listens with a sneer. He ^snorts and splutters. He fights the TV with telling repartee Occasionally he rises with upstretched hands, or clutches his brow in de spairing helplessness to find words to direct against such insane drivel “Will you listen to that?” he cries “Can any man in his wits think of putting this booby at the helm of the ship of state?”* “Well, of all the brazen, shameless Talk about the Russians! Does he think all the people are morons'’” In a word, this citizen, loo, is having the time of his life Election years arc for him. In anothei modest dwelling which lacks paint hut sports its gleaming aerial, the Independent Voter confronts his set Here there is no enthusi asm He yawns as the advertiser tells him what to smoke and what to do to smell nice He is indif ferent to the claims of the Best of Beers. When the event of the evening is flashed before him. he yawns again The ardor of the speaker moves him neither to approval nor to words of execration oven mild words. Before the speech is finished, he clicks off the business and goes to bed For him it is a dull evening. Ho has no grand time at all Elec tion years arc not for him And yet this is the much talked of Independent Votci This as the papers tell us, is the boy who really carries the outcome of the election in his clammy and indifferent hands. Well, it may be so. But we prefer to think that the more enthusiastic lads will decide the issue And it is comforting to re alize all their enthusiasm will fade with the decision. Things will come hack to normal The tumult and the shouting will die, and the teams will depart from the gridiron And the Game of the Century will bo only a dim memory, not very important after all, but pleasant to think back upon And meanwhile, whoever rules the roost and rnster. America will, please God, get on tolerably well, and her citizens will be alert for the blessings heaven means them to enjoy. THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1952 IF4SH/AGT0V LETTER WASHINGTON -The world hak just Deen shown a new picture sharply contrasting the “ex press-train” administration of "justice” in communist totali tarian states, and the slow, plod ding application of the law in our own democracy. While leaders in country after country are voicing disgust and indignation over the recent farcial “trial” of some 40 Catho lics in Red Bulgaria, the Sub versive Activities Control Board in this country has handed down a recommended opinion, its first finding In Bulgaria, the puppets of Moscow recently brought a Catholic Bishop, 27 priests and 12 laymen to “trial,” after a protracted conditioning period in jail. Earlier, the same Bul garian communists had brought a large group of Protestant clergy men to the same sort of "trial,” under the same circumstances. The “trials” were travesties Justice, with the victims eagerly pleading guilty and begging to be punished. Of course, it was the period the prisoners spent in jail that did the trick. The "trials” were entirely super fluous. and were over quickly— in a matter of days, one might almost say hours But here in the United States, the Federal panel handed down its lecoinmended opinion only LOUIS F. BUDENZ Early Octo ber saw the Dotly Worker playing up to the Mme, Mill, and Smelter W o kers Un ion. The offi cial organ of the Communist Party made a big point of calling that un ion “independent.” The record shows that it was expelled from the CIO for being Red-controll ed. There was a reason for this coyness in proclaiming the true colors of the union’s leadership —and that was the usefulness of this union officially to the Com munist "peace” crusade. In two successive week-end is sues (October 5 and 12) the Communist daily plugged at great length a booklet issued by this particular Union, entitled "A World At Peace A Program for Peaceful Production.” This is, in effect, a plea that America disarm itself at home and abroad —without any indication, how ever that the Soviet dictatorship will continue its armament and aggressions. Communist-Minded Loaders It is clear from the big build up in the Communist paper that the Reds hope to make the most of this booklet. Hundreds who will have it handed to them will be unaware of the history of this union's leadership. They will not know that the national CIO in 1950 declared that "the policies and activities of the Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers Union are consistently directed toward the achievement of the program and purposes of the Communist Par ty.” Nor will the casual reader know that in expelling this un ion the CIO declared that its members had been “taken in by The Collector rLl'ini Brands Of Justice Compared after painstaking inquiry. Nobody was put in jail to await trial, no body was tortured, nobody was "conditioned” nobody was “per suaded” to confess. This first finding of the SACB came 23 months after the case was initi ated the formal opinion of the board is yet to come, and the final solution may yet be a year or more in the future. What happened here in Wash ington was that two members of the four-member SACB came up with a finding that the Com munist Party in this country is subservient to Moscow, and re commended that this be the decision of the whole board. It is fully expected here that the full board will accept this recommendation. If it does, the Communist Party will be directed to register with the Department of Justice as a foreign-controlled group. The Internal Security Art of 1950 set up two classifications of groups that must register, one “communist-action” and e other “communist front” organi zations The "action” groups must file information in detail regard ing their finances and member ship. and their literature and broadcasts must he clearly identi fied as "communist.” If the re commended opinion becomes the formal opinion of the Whole SACB. the Communist Party uwll Plugging A New 'Peace' Plan the evasion and the subterfuge, the devices and the maneuvers, which the communist-minded leaders of this union have used to maintain themselves in pow er.” All such facts are recorded tn Senate Document number 89, is sued by a subcommittee of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare of the United States Sen ate. But this Senate document, printed and distributed by the Government Printing Office has not reached out far enough for great numbers of Americans to be advised of its contents. Thus, many who are given the booklet which the Daily Worker praises will have no knowledge that the national CIO condemned the un ion's leaders for “concealing that the union's policies and activi ties were not the real informed decision of the members but de termined in accordance with the line of the Communist Party." 'Peace' Through Soviet Victory The Communists recognize that the new effort of the Mine. Mill, and Smelter Workers Union gives strength to the Communist “peace” line. The booklet pre sents a glowing picture of the benefits that would come to each American if there were no need for defense—and the assumption is that there is no such need, That is precisely what the Com munists officially have been hammering al month in and month out through their “peace” crusades. And we must remem ber that the House Committee on Un-American Activities termed these crusades “an attempt to disarm and defeat America All the evidence—and there is a huge amount of it—con firms this assertion by the House Committee. The whole lead for the current Communist maneuvers along this line was given in December, 1951, through have to register as a “communist action” organization. The Communist Party has al ready indicated that it will take its case to the Supreme Court if the final SACB decision goes against it Before the SACB hands down its formal opinion, how ever, it will permit the Com munist Party to file "except ions” to the recommended opin ion just given. The Department of Justice in troduced evidence against the Communist Party that took up 12.530 pages in the transcript of the hearisg. The Communist Party introduced evidence that took up 1.883 pages in the trans cript. When it was found that one of the witnesses desired by the Communist Party was in jail, the SACB subpoenaed him and had him brought from jail to the hearing When it was found that another CP witness was on trail in New York, and could not come to Washington, the SACB went to Ney York to take that testimony. It’s easy to see how it took 23 months to get this far. and why the case may take another year or more for final dis position. The “trials” of the Catholic priests, Protestant ministers and other non-communists in Bul garia did not take nearly that long. an outstanding article of direc tives Political Affairs, "Stalin on the War Danger and the Pos sibility of Averting It.” The com rades were told that the sole danger of war arose from the "American imperialist war in cendiaries In contrast the So viet Union was depicted as “the bulwark of peace, democracy, and socialism But what was even more important was the stressing of two things: that the peace partisans must be extend ed in the United States, and that peace can only be won through Soviet victory. The Whole Story While the comrades, concealed or otherwise, are seeking to per suade Americans to end defense, they were told in this outstand ing directive: “One of the most important conditions for the pre vention of a new world war and securing the preservation of peace is enhancement of the power of the Soviet Union.” To which was added the further declaration that peace can he won only through "the multipli cation of I he Soviet Union's eco nomic successes and the strength ening of its defensive capacity.” Those words spell out the story—that the Communists cur rently are striving to prevent full American defense while Soviet Russia is left free to arm. rearm, and conduct seditious activities within our borders. The Red hope is that enough innocent-looking groups can be employed in the Red “peace” propaganda to cause complete befuddlement among the Ameri can people. A goof way to head this off lies in revealing to local organizations and local communi ties the history of these “trans mission belts” which so often can be found in the records of Congressional Committees. ISQURY CORNER RICHARDPATTEE Is It A Sin To Dislike Anyone Intensely? Q. I have an associate at work whom I dislike intensely. Is it a sin to feel that way? A. As followers of Christ we are bound to love everyone. The parable of the Good Samaritan answered the question. "'Who is my neighbor!” We can exclude no one from this love The min imum to which we are bound, however, is not a love of affec tion or attraction, such as we feel toward our family, close friends and good attractive peo ple. Sometimes there are tem peramental clashes between good people, even among saints—as we see when St. Paul and St. Barnabas disagreed: “And a sharp contention sprang up so that they separated from each other.” (Acts 15:39) Clearly we cannot feel affection for wicked men. but we are bound tn wish everyone well It is sinful hatred to wish anyone evil or to re joice in another’s misfortune. A good test is to set ourselves to pray for the person involved. Prayer for a person and hatred of him cannot exist together. In the Lord’s Prayer, both the Rheims-Challoner and the Confraternity translations read. “Debts debtors." Why do we say "trespasses those who tres pass against us"? A. Although the Greek text, the Vulgate and the English translations all have the idea of “debts debtors” the wording used in the Lord’s Praver fol lows an old tradition in English. Likely derived from the tex' fol lowing the Our Father. “For if you forgive men their offenses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you your offenses” Matthew 6:14) it is solidly estab lished in the prayer form. It is to be found in the Book of Com mon Praver and before that in the Scripture translation by William Tyndale (1492-1536). Liturgical and traditional pray ers do not have to conform ex actly to the exact scrintural text, and once established they are difficult to change. Q. What is* the relationship between the Dormition of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the As sumption? Was the Blessed Virgin alive or dead when she was assumed into heaven? A The Dormition or “falling asleep” of the Blessed Virgin is another name for the feast of the Assumption Mary, because of her unique relationshin with God and the Immaculate Concep tion was not subject to the dom inion or the bonds of death. As Shirer's Journey I have just completed the reading of Midcent ury Journey by the well known newspaperman William L. Shirer. I have been astound ed, vexed and alarmed at the same time while reading this volume. Having per used during the war years Shir er’s accounts of Berlin, Hitler and Nazism—as well as his odd silences about the equally if not more obnoxious communism one might reasonably expect in a review of this kind a certain mellowness, perhaps even if our left-wing friends are ever capable of the slightest repent ance a realization that the cliches are commonplaces that passed for the proper interpre tation of history in 1940 may not have been entirely true. This is the most remarkably unrepentant book I have read in a long time. All the old stuff is there, as though we were still living in the days of the Popu lar Front and Madrid were the front line of embattled democ racy Munich is fought out once more to prove hnw dastardly a bit of chicanery this really was. Petain comes in for the custom ary leftish denunciation, and the odd thing is that the denuncia tion is not even brought up to date Accusations that simply are not home out by the facts, or interpretations that have lost their validity in the light of events since the collapse of France, play nn part in this vis ion of the world during the past 50 years. A Sor* of Private War 1 wonder how long it is going tn be before writers and (hose engaged in preserving the rec ord of nur times realize that the fall nf France—and the Vichy regime was not the simple, black-ard white proposition they have considered it to date? Ap parently those who still froth at the mouth af the treason of the Marshal have read nothing that has come out of France since 1945 And a great deal has come out that sheds some extraordin arily interesting light on this murky chapter in French affairs. Shirer was one of that group of gladiators who fought Hitler in a sort of private war inside and outside Germany. The fact that rfitler is no longer around does not seem to have changed substantially their attitude to ward Germany In this hook we have the usual deploring about Rev. J. Scheeben explains in “Mariology” (Volume H, p. 150 ff): “In Mary as in Christ, this exemption from death was join ed in freedom from bodily sick ness, and, therefore from death through sickness.” He adds two reasons for Mary’ death: “. . that thus the Mother should not appear greater than the Son, and especially that by her death she might prove the reality of her own human nature and that of her Son.” The writings of the Fathers, such as St. Cyril of Alexandria, St. Epiphanius, St. Ambrose and St. Albert the Great all point out that she was not subject to the bonds of death, or to the consequent dis solution of the body or even to the duration of death until the general resurrection. From these same authors it is concluded that the interval between the death and Assumption of Mary was short and that it was the risen Mary, body and soul, who was taken up into heaven. (?. How can one know what Mass ts being offered on a week day'* In some places it is post ed in the vestibule, but very few. A. There are a number of pub lications similar to the Ordo used by the priest which list the Mass of the day. The CATHOLIC TIMES prints an Qrdo of this kind each week. If the priest has chosen a votive Mass, such as the requiem (evident from the black vestments) or one of those listed in the back of the Missal, it is difficult The Introit of the Mass, if it is read audibly as it should be. identifies every Mass. The use of the daily missal by the laity is still too recent and unusual to have given rise to a general custom of publishing or listing the Mass to be said. Q. Who is the St. Crispin of “Crispin’s Day" mentioned in Shakespeare's Henry V? A. Born it is said, of a noble Roman family he lef! his coun try to carry the Gospel to the people of Gaul. With his broth er Crispinian he learned the trade of shoemaker in order to carry on the apostolate without attracting attention. Since they did good work and took care of the poor for nothing they were popular and influential. Finally they were tried, tortured and beheaded in 285 A.D. at Sois sons. Crispin is the patron of shoemakers. Send questions to Rev. ward F. Healey. Inquirv Corner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. the new policy toward Germany. The reading of these pages brings one to the conclusion that perhaps the writer was not even aware that such a thing as the Soviet Union occupies a place in Europe, that the dim and dist ant battle in which we w'ent al! out against Nazism and never said a word about communism is against fascism, performed, is not all the scene today. The professional crusaders suppose, some sort of service although I am inclijied to think it a dubious one. Their zeal and partisanship has led them to con centrate their fire on one evi1 and forget all about the greater evil that replaced it. None of these proclaimers of the hid eousness of Hitlerism says one solitary word about the Soviet Union—not back in 1940, when it was extremely difficult to do so, but today when even the most confirmed left-winger must have sensed a bit of the light. Still in Shining Armor And what is more extraordin ary is that writers of the Shirer school, in their denunciations of Senator McCarthy and others, talk of the reign of terror in the United States in which the honest commentator is hounded if he dares speak his mind. If there was ever a period of “Witch hunting” and intoler ance in our country, it was dur ing the era from 1930 to 1945 when the valiant soul who. dared express his doubts about the purity of the Soviet Union was literally made wretched. I know whereof I speak on this point. I remember more than vividly the atmosphere in the Departrtient of State in those years between Munich and Pearl Harbor, and even worse afterwards. To hold sane doubts about the intentions and pur poses of the Soviet Union was to 1 labeled a Nazi, a Falangist and a traitor to the United States. Remember the time when a mental reservation about the Spanish republic was suf ficient to condemn one as a foul reactionary and very prob ablv, a tool of fascism? The so-called liberals and for ward-looking people who have made a stupendous mess of so much of our policy, and who have dictated the terms for the post war world, are by all odds the very last who have any business talking about intoler ance or witch-hunting. This book of Shirer is the perfect example of the unreconstructed left winger. still in shining armor for causes that have been discredit ed, still writing the language of a day when Leon Blum, Juan Negrin and others of their ilk ruled the destinies of Europe.