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CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send Ail Changes of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to O. Box 636. Columbus 16, Ohio Prie* of Th* Catholic Titn*« i« 3 per v*ar. All 'aubacriptiona should h* presented to our office through the pastors of the parishes. Remittances should made na shle to The Cath olic Times. Anonymous communications will he disregarded We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed the communications of our correspondents. Entered as Second Class Matter at Post Off tea. Columbus. Ohio. St Francis de Sales, Patron of the Catholic Press and of the Diocese of Columbus. Pray for Us! This Paper Printed by Union Labor Communism, Narcotics Ami I hr Schools Some months ago Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, said that no communist or atheist could be found in any Catholic school of the nation, nor was any such philosophy as atheistic communism being taught the students therein Just recently the New York District Super visor of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, James C. Ryan, said that he did not know of a single instance of narcotic addiction in any Protestant, Jewish or Catholic parochial school in the city of New York or elsewhere. Nou this is not to infer that our public schools are to he blamed if such evils are sometimes found among them. They have to accept all kinds of citi zens, and all kinds of people seek to teach Nor does it follow that the good people in our public schools, whether they be teachers or students, in any way approve of the situation. It is well, however, to make the point that where religion and morality have their proper place, there should be less of such evils as communism atheism and addiction to drugs. Catholics and other relig ionists are convinced that religion must be an in tegral part of the education, and training of youth It would seem that the results are nothing short of a tremendous patriotic service to then country If people have no training in morality they cannot be expected to take a stand against immoral principles. In this regard Bishop Thomas K Gorman. Co adjutor of Dallas, said in a public address the other day that moral appeasement weakens a nation “Standards of moral conduct have been thrown out the window," he said and replaced by the applica tion to human acts of an alleged democratic mor ality. the determination of good and evil, right and wrong by populai vote For fear of hurting the feelings or invading the supposed rights of those who seek to destroy our way of life, we deny to youth that teaching in the religion and philosophy of our Christian world, that training in moral and spiritual values to u'hich they are entitled and which will enable them to understand, esteem and defend our sacred institutions against the wanton atheistic destroyers" Ballot Box, First Chapter Only Now that the national election is a mattei nf history, it is to be hoped that the new President will take courage and direct this nation to a policy of integrity rather than opportunism in some quai ters nf endeavor at lease Take for instance the past policy of our nation toward Tito dictator of Yugoslavia Hero the United Slates foreign policy hat been courting the favor of this monster while he makes war on all freedoms and decency in that land of good people The idea is that he can he won over from the Soviet block of influence to coopci ating with the western powers. England, fno, ha« been following the same pol Icy no doubt encouraged by that of the United States Evidence of this uak seen recently in the fact that Anthony Eden Britain's divorced and rc cently remarried Foreign Secretary, went honey mnoning in Yugoslavia and pressed Tito Io visit Britain Mi/ch was heard during the preelection cam paigning of devout intent to he honest and upright if elected tn office All corruption was condemned n unmistakable terms It now remain to he seen if the United States will stop doing an evil thing, thus scandalizing the whole world by had example and leadership What can be the excuse for extending a friendly hand tn a Tito when past experiences tnn numerous to mention have proven the fact that Communist leaders cannot hr trusted in any treaties or promises whatsoever'’ Good Christians have a responsibility in ibis sit nation Perhaps much nf the blame is theirs Here tnfnrc they have left politics alone and this to such an extent that now it is common feeling that good people lust do not get involved in poll tics And this is a sad mistake The voice of good Christians must be heard in Washington and around the world in matters nf decency and righteousness The people elected to office need the encourage ment and even the prodding of conscientious people hack home There arc plcntv of pressures on the peonle in government from left wine and unscrunu Inus groups No matter how honest the office holdei mav wish to be he is influenced to some extent by lobbyists of one sort or another Good people must realize that in this modern era then civic duty has not ended with the casting nf their ballot In tegrity. rather than opportunism will he a reality in government if enough Christian people want it had enough to do something about it The ballot hex wa.s only the first chapter in our civic duty Take (.loser Look The recent survey taken by the Catholic Digest and widely published in the press slated that 99 pci cent nf Americans believe God Ihis is a heait ening statement II is a good thing One is. upon reading it, tempted to settle back with a satisfied sigh and feel good about the whole thing Ion many peonle probably will Taken in itself, this poll denotes a national chai acteri.stic lot which we all can be grateful Placed against the background though of the fabric of modern American life and trends as it should be, to be useful-there appeal some conclusions which condemn rather than compliment our people The noment a man acknowledges the existence nf a Supreme Being he binds himself to a host nf duties and obligations They follow naturally finm the recognition of what Gori is and Who He is It is not enough for a man simply to affirm a hard ly inescapable fact He must act upon that know! edge or he held accountable for its disregard Belief in God not enough Oner the admission L« made the ordered course nf commitments must be recognized and m.-dr One doe. not have to peri too hard to see that 99 per cent have not as a body lived up to the consequences of their conviction The realization of God s existence brings with it, by necessity the duty of worship and filial fear To escape the greatest nf hypocricies the one who acknowledges God must acknowledge His Divine Will and rhe absolute necessitv nf conforming his a'-tinn* his whole life tn the dictate^ of the Divine commands The neglect nf God and His commandments In the daily life of the nation, stand, in view of the present statistics as a condemnation. The existence of wide spread crime, the condoning of the growing divorce rate, the acceptance of birth-control as something natural and in the matter of course, the advocation of sterilization and euthenasia—all of these things become far worse in their implication in the light of the recent poll. A far more interesting, though not as compli mentary, poll would be one that evidenced the number of citizens who worship God, that make Him the guiding rule of all their aefions. Wp are not belittling the finding of the poll in question. We are merely pointing out that it only points out one-half of the story. If it is to mean anything,—anything that we can take as complimentary—we must see to it that its counter part of which we spoke is of as high a rating. If we reach the day. and reach it we must, when the two polls have the same excellent report: 99 per cent believers and 99 per cent doers then we will have something to sit back and view with unlimited pleasure. Just Among Ourselves Patting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Will Durant seems persistently pestered by the question of morality. His intentions are good and his instincts usually sdUnd, especially in these later days when, to quote him, his hair is white and most of his sins already committed. What is bother ing W. Durant is the hunger of his soul for the abandoned bread of his father's house what dis gusts him is the diet of husks he has wilfully chosen to adopt. Let us hope that before his hair is much whiter he will find his way back to the. wholesome ness and welcome of his only home. Last May’s Rotarian carried an article hy Durant, which the National Association of Secondary School Principals thought worth repeating, or reprinting, in their October journal. Likely, this was a speech made to the lads who lunch weekly under the sign of the Big Wheel. It is easy, and not unpleasant, to envision the chairman, rising across the horizon of crullers and cups and crumbs, tq announce the speaker of the day. In fancy we can hear his voice launching into the we have-with-us speech, and catch the gay flashing of a rainbow of compliments with which the visitor is decorated. We can see W. D. himself, coming to full height behind his chair to let wisdom rotate among the Rotarians. The topic he has chosen is that of the amazing and dismaying conduct of people, especially of young people. His conclusion is that we must not be. cynical or pessimistic about modern morality or the lack of it, notably among our youth, but that we are to take heart and strive constructively to make things better all around. He even suggests a (.ode of Honor, in the form of ten specially design ed commandments, to help the constructive effort along. Durant admits that good morals are essential that we have deep need of all that wrll establish and support them. Personally we should be trained tn Honor (piously repeating the items of its code at frequent intervals) we must seek adjustment of economic conditions to make them favorable to moral conduct we must encourage the enacting of just and helpful laws we must see marriage re established as the moral requirement of most people, and we must work for fidelity in marriage and for self-sacrificing devotion to the procreative purpose of marriage The home must mingle dis cipline with love. The school must afford to pupils some form of moral training. Strangely enough, Durant works toward these admirable conclusions from the premise that we are not any worse than people have been in ages past. Indeed, he uses this irrelevant take-off to launch into his interpretation of morality as an expression of the economic and social conditions of a civilization, or of an era. Formerly, in our own land, the country boy had to be circumspect because all the neighbors knew him and he achieved man hood. economically at least, very early, and settled to married life by his early twenties or even be fore them It was different with the city boy, W'ho could cut up high jinks in a crowd of uncaring strangers, and who found abundant opportunity for his didoes And gradually the city absorbed the country, leaving only a relative few ipnn the land with a multitude of highly moral machines to serve them. Then the wicked city found ally for its bad influence in the strong trend of young people to enter the professions This necessitated long periods of schooling and apprenticeship, making early mar riage impossible, and lengthening the years of moral insecurity, temptation, and irresponsibility. Crowded quarters in town and the cost of living there made even married folk unwilling to have many children, or any at all. The fading of religious belief and activity was more rapid in cities, too, and parental influence decreased in force and value as spouses were less faithful or more inclined to break up and marry anew. Schools were almost power less to influence the young towards moral living, since the direct forming of character and the im parting nf religious standards were considered out side their province It is. of course, idle Io deny that there are large grains of truth in all this But the point that ought to he made here is that Durant tells us a list of things that happened as though the list were an explanation of hon the things happened. And it is not strictly so. At best. Durant lists happenings and minor influences that had a little tn do with them he docs not strike fairly at the great major influence that always works against morality He speaks vaguely of religion, when he should speak plainly and emphatically. For it is here that the secret of the trouble lies. Man needs God Man needs religion, not any sort of religion, but the true religion Economic con ditions cannot ruin the morals of a man who under stands the main business of life, and who looks on tn judgment with its eternal outcome. Social situa Dons, and all in them that fosters personal empta ions to evil, cannot prevail over the morals of a per son who has a clear and unwavering faith in God and who calls upon Him for aid. This does not mean that even a religious man is uninfluenced by the forces of evil which Durant mentions nor does it mean that even a man of faith will not sometimes he weak enough to succumb to them But it does mean that the only firm basis nf morality is the living faith, the true religion, which is the safeguard of the upright and the hope and help of the fallen Durant’s proposed measures for improving the morals of modern people, especially young people, are mostly good enough in their way, but they do not go the whole way. As circumstantial aids tn renewed religious faith, they may do much Of themselves they can only palliate, but never.cure a bad situation. Incidentally. Durant's notion nf morality is itself somewhat unusual It appears to he a kind of amal gam of Boy Scoutism and the rigorous formalism of the Puritans And it is just a little silly in a modern individual to suppose that he can formulate ten com mandments to shore up and supplement the Ten Commandments revealed for man's moral guidance by Almighty God. THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1952 WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON Soviet Rus sia double-crossed her World War II allies in seizing control of Eastern Europe. One result of this is that to day the “aspirations of the free West" and the “calculated de signs of internalional commun ism" are in “acute conflict" in Bulgaria, Rumania. Hungary and other places in that part of the world. This is brought out iq an im portant study which has mad? its appearance here, setting forth the chief problem of U.S. for eign policy at present. Coming at a time when Bul garia is again taking the lead in the persecution of religion and the deprivation of human rights, a race in which it has frequently changed leads with Hungary and Rumania, the document outlines the legal background of lhe cur rent struggle. At Yalta, in February 1945, the Brookings Institution study “Major Problems of U.S. For eign Policy" points out, Marshal Stalin, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill signed a Declaration on Liberated Eu rope. which pledged to help lib erated peoples “to create demo cratic institutions of their own choice.” The signatories commit ted themselves to certain things, including the facilitation of free LOVIS F. BVDENZ Almost as Stalin spoke, the New York hearings of the Me Carran Sub-Committee on Inter nal Security were revealing shocking conditions in the lech meal staff of the United States al the United Nations. Men who are placed in sensitive positions have refused to declare under oath whether or not they ar? Communists One of these men arranges the broadcasts to Soviet Russia. Another has charge of recommending the disposition of all the former Italian colonies The fate of millions of people, who could be turned over to Com munist control by wrong policies or advice, rests in part tn the hands of these individuals. Finis To Liberty That gives a glimpse of the se riousness of Stalin’s new call to his followers throughout the world. There is. however, even more to the Soviet dictator’s as sertions than just that. His sec- Month Of The Poor Souls E PITY ON ME LEAST YOU MY FRIENDS BECAUSE THE HAND OF THE feLORD MATH TOUCHED ME-S k' U Hl F. A. 1 Typical Russian Doublecross elections, to help the liberated peoples to achieve this goal. The document took special cognizance of Poland, and pledged the ar rangement of “free and unfet tered elections" there. In February 1947, treaties of peace with Bulgaria. Rumania and Hungary were signed by the United States in Paris. They were later ratified by this Gov ernment and are now in force. These treaties all contain an identical provision as follows: “(Bulgaria, Hungary. Rumania) shall take all measures necessary to secure Io all persons under (Bulgarian, Hungarian, Ru manian) jurisdiction without dis tinction as to race, sex, language nr religion, the enjoyment of human rights and of the funda mental freedoms, including free dom of expression, of press and publication, of religious worship, nf pnlitical npininn and nf public meeting.” The Brookings Institution says the United States and Great Britain judged “that these joint undertakings would sufficiently assure human and political rights in Eastern Europe.However, it adds, despite their good will, Soviet Russia “acted to subvert the political, economic, and so cial structure of liberated’ East ern Europe to the exclusive ad- What Stalin Counts A I Moscow ‘•the teacher and father” of the world Uom muni sts has spoken. From the Nineteenth o n ess ol the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Stalin has pledged s u p port of the various subversive movements through out the world. This is nothing new, hut its reiteration gives life to the battle cry of the recent Con gress: “Forward to Commun ism!” ft is a new incitement to the Reds and their allies eve*y where, including the United States. tn redouble their mfiltra tion and espionage. ond command was for the Stalin lies to raise higher in the non Communist countries the banner of “bourgeois civil liberties.” Again this is not new. Although Stalin represents the total nega tion of all liberties—as the ac cumulating accounts of terror brought out of China by the Maryknoll and other missionaries tell us—those who follow him have always holdly asserted “civ il liberties” for their own con spiracy. In its major document on the 1952 elections, the Communist Party leadership in the United States in mid-October stressed “the battle for the Bill of Rights.” When we examine what they declare is represented in this battle, we observe that it is the complete freeing of the Red conspiracy to carry on its subversive work. If the Stalinite purpose is car ried through successfully, and all measures against the Com munists abolished, then we can write “finis" on all liberties in the United States. Shallow Thought That should be so clear by now that the Soviet dictator’s call for wider activity in this field would seem to have small prospects. But Stalin is counting, again, on the influence of the concealed Communists without knowing the true nature of the conspiracy. Correspondence from the Mid die West has advised me that there is quite an argument go ing around in the most unexpect ed places that “we must not make martyrs of the Commun ists.” This is just what Stalin wants to hear. There is no one Christian charity who is pleas ed to see any human being, in cluding Communists, sent to jail or curbed in other ways. But the JOB vantage of the Soviet Union and in total disregard of the rights of the people directly concerned. In due course, the execution of this policy was transferred to the communist-dominated govern ments of Eastern Europe and a fiction of advancing national in terests was set up.” This subversive action on the part of Russia has, of course, given rise to a great many of the problems which today confront the United States in the field of international relations. None of these problems seems to offer an easy solution. But no matter how involved and difficult the situation, the United States cannot entourage so callous and willful a depriva tion of human rights. It has sub mitted to the United Nations evi dence of this deprivation in Bul garia. Hungary and Rumania. It is to be hoped that we will press our protest, and bolster our evi dence with all possible vigor. This is in keeping with the hopes the Free World has in the Unit ed Nations. It is Io he hoped, al so, that the United States will protest with equal firmness against the persecution of re ligion and the violation of hu man rights still another com munist-dominated country Yu goslavia. On nation has a right to protect it self from those who are deter mined to overthrow it and to cre ate confusion and disintegration (as I^enin and Stalin have under scored) as an introduction to that overthrow'. Cry "Martyr" One of the Red “tools of the trade” is in making “martyrs” of themselves. Even the slightest or most obvious move against their subversion and espionage leads to cries of persecution. The no torious Steve Nelson who has definitely been shown by the House Committee on Un-Ameri can Activities to have engaged in destructive espionage against the United States, is hailed today .in the Daily Worker as one who is hounded because “he is a champion of peace and democra cy.” It was the skillful campaign by the conspiracy in France to the effect that Jacques Duclos. general secretary of the French Communist Party, was a “mar tyr" that led to wide Red infil tration France teeter toters to day on the verge of taking pro Soviet measures harmful to the United States because of the ex tent of this infiltration. And while the anti American stand of Edward Herriot is based on al leged fear of Western Germany, we must bear in mind that his Radical Socialist Party is subject to pressure by the “peace" parti sans within France. The “peace” partisans —as I pointed out several weeks ago— have made great headway on the wave of propaganda unloosed around Duclos’ arrest and re lease. We shall have to make sure that the United States is not disarmed from within, as is threatening to happen in unhap py France. INQUIRY CORNER ORETTA PALMER When Can Christian Burial Be Refused? Q. What are the reasons for re fusing Christian burial? I mean under what circumstances is it refused? A. According to Canon Law (No. 1240) the following are to be refused Christian hurial: notori ous apostates from the Christian faith (and notorious adherents of heretical sects or of the Masonic Order), persons excommunicated or interdicted (by condemnatory or declatory sentence), persons guilty of deliberate suicide, those killed in duels, persons who have given orders for cremation of their bodies, and other public and manifest sinners. When any doubt arises the Bishop must be consulted, and “if the case re mains doubtful, ecclesiastical burial shall be granted but in such manner that scandal is avoided.” Q. When is betting, gambling and playing the market wrong? A. These practices come un der the regulations of the virtue of temperance and of justice. If they violate the virtue of justice, as in risking or losing money that should be used for the fam ily or some other cause to which we have a duty they are sinful. If the legitimate recreation or business risk (stock market) is moderate and not undermined by a craze for easy money there is nothing sinful. If gambling leads to neglect of health, work or oth er social duties it is sinful, even though it may not involve cheat ing or excessive losses. It can be sinful if it increases the anti social power and influence of racketeers and organized crime, as some gambling, petty in itself, evidently does. If it is restrict ed to modest and friendly cir cumstances, or causes that are clearly charitable, there seems no reason to exclude it from legitimate recreation, Q. Why may a Catholic not be best man at a Rrotestant wed ding? A. The marriage of baptized people is a sacrament. A Catho lic may not actively participate in divine worship of any other church, whether Sunday services or sacraments. It is generally permitted to a Catholic to attend a social event in a Protestant church when there is proportion ate reason e.g. a wedding or fu neral. Since Christ gave the Apostles the mission of teach ing with His authority and ad ministering the Sacraments the Church which received that pow er from the Apostles is the only one qualified. We realize that Protestants are sincere in their How Good Did you ev er hear of a “good di v o e No? Then you have not been keep ing up with the latest lending library novels, bless you! Now it seems, romances end. ‘‘And so they were divorced and lived happily ever after." This extraordinary sociological change in American letters has been approvingly noted by Lewis Gannett in the New York Herald-Tribune in his plea for ‘’more and better novels about divorde—and about better di vorces." He laments that some novels still treat divorce as sin or as tragedy. “Many divorces, of course, are sheer tragedy," the writer admits. “Others seem to repre sent at least a beginning of re construction. There is room for stories which regard divorce as an evolutionary process.” He goes on to approve of one new book which accepts divorce “as a natural phenomenon, a normal part of modern society." He is delighted to state that none of the author’s “three divorced pro tagonists has any sense of guilt." How Good Is Good This is a bold and forthright admission of a point of view which is probably commoner in American society than its hold ers often confess in public prints. There are known to be some Freudian psychoanalysts who treat the unhappily married with the understanding that either the marriage will be restored or a ‘‘divorce catharsis” establish ed: one solution, they indicate, is about as good as the other, so long as a discontented home has been eliminated. If the do mestic bath water is dirty, an alysts will throw out the baby— any number of babies born of the discontented patients—with the bath. But few writers have been so frank as Mr. Gannett with his plea for “better divorces.” What, Mr. G., is a merely “good” di vorce, than which other divorces are better? Should we have a list, in your opinion, of the ten best-divorced women of the year? And should the badly divorced be punished for failing to live up to the new code of the divorce age? Just what is a “bad” divorce in your opinion anyway, Mr. G.? The absurdity of using u-ords like “good” and “bad” when they have been deprived of all belief, but if we adhere to ours wre must abstain from cooperat ing in all official acts of wor ship in any other church. There is a vast area for cooperation, as our present Holy Father has often stated, but it does not in clude compromise on the faith. When is something infall ibly taught by the Church? A. Whenever the Pope alone as teacher of all Christians, or in union with the Bishops in a General Council or universal teaching defines a matter of faith or morals it is certainly true. The Holy Father must intend to use his supreme apostolic author ity. as he did in the declaration nf the dogma of the Assumption. In his Encyclical letters, for ex ample, he is teaching as the Vicar of Christ and Supreme Shepherd, and all Catholics ac cept them in obedience to the Visible Head of the Church. They are not infallible, however, and it is possible that suggestions contained therein or disciplinary decrees be revised, changed or supplemented. Q. What about Catholics who keep committing the same sine over and over, in spite of fre quent confession? A. If there is no improve ment in regard to certain re peated sins it may be an indica tion that something is lacking in the use of the Sacrament of Pen ance. All Catholics are taught that they must be sorry for sin in order that it be forgiven, and it is unlikely that one who goes to confession frequently is insin cere when he says he is sorry. What does happen is that he does not have a clear under standing in practice of the com panion to true contrition, the firm purpose of amendment. All Catholics are taught from early years that we must have a sin cere resolve not only to avoid sin. but as far as possible the near occasions of sin. No one can guarantee that he will not sin again, but he can intend to use God’s grace and bis best efforts to avoid it, including persons, places and things which might lead to sin. Christ came not just for the perfect (and who can say that he is such) but to bring sin ners to repentance. One who goes frequently to confession is at least making that much hon est effort to do better. Send questions to Rev. Ed ward F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, Th? Catholic Times, Box 636, Co lumbus 16, Ohio Is Good? moral context is here portrayed. Similarly, we are now told that there are ‘‘good" murders: in this case, however, the word for ‘igood” is engagingly translated into Greek, giving us the fancy sounding name of “euthanasia." Running through the Ten Com mandments, thinkers of Mr. Gan nett’s stripe would doubtless find us examples of “good” blasphe my. “good” theft and—most cer tainly of all—of “good" adult ery. For when the word “good" has been separated from its master-word “God”, disorder in the orders of both vocabulary and morality will certainly en sue. Words Run Wild All our modern languages have been developed the Christian tradition. Without the premises of Catholic thought words, as well as values, have run wild. Even Mr. Gannett, one presumes, would admit that the very “best” divdree represents the failure of an attempt at a happy marriage. Is failure al ways “good”? Or only some times? And just how- do we dis tinguish between the “good" failure and the “bad" success in any enterprise which man may undertake on this earth? Men cannot think tn a vacuum they cannot think with a total dearth of terms, or with terms that have lost their definitions. To define is, after all, to limit words that sprawl all over th« dictionary can no longer carry any thought from mind to mind. And when men’s thinking is muddled, their resulting actions will he muddled, too. They will perform actions in the childish hope that quite improbable and unrelated effects will follow. Wild Rice, Flat Champagna What does the happy divorcee wear this year, Mr. Gannett? Has anybody yet worked out some pretty ritual to celebrate this fortunate hreaking-up of homes? Perhaps the throwing of wild nee would do? Or would you rather see the lucky ex-wife and ex-husband celebrate the grant ing of their freedom by the pret ty ceremony of the double sup poena’’ Should toasts be drunk in flat champagne? Or faded flowers carried by the divorc ing partners as symbols that the bloom is off? Come, come. Mr. Gannett. If we are to have “better” divorces, you must help us think of ways to celebrate them. Perhaps you might find help in this fresh field from that celebrated lead er. Mr Tommie Manville. Or can you have too much of even so “good" a thing as latter-day di vorce?