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THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tb P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. 0. Box 636. Columbus 16. Ohio Price of The Catholic Time* i* S3 per year. All RibecripUon* rhould be presented t® our office through the pastor* of the parishes. Remittances should -»e made payable to Th* Cath. •he Times. Anonymour communication* will be dir regarded. We do not hold ourselves responsible for any ti.wi or opinion* expressed in the communication* of our eorreeponden la. Entered as Second Clas* Matter at Poet Office.' Columbus. Ohio. 9 St. Franc,* de Sales. Patron of the Catholic Tresa and of th» Diocese of Columbus, Pray for tie! This Paper Printed by Union Labor Don't Waste THIS! In this modern age of mechanization and chem ical wonders a use has been found for practically everything. Nothing is wasted. Whenever anything is wasted, through thoughtlessness oi design, a great clatter is set up. And rightly so. We are supposed to use intelligently what we have at our disposal. And so. peanut shells, corn husks, old paper, the residues of countless manufacturing processses are all put to some further exalted use than ac cumulating into vast waste-piles. Housewives have risen to heights of genius in transforming the odds and ends which clutter up the house ii.to service able items for the family. Everyone, today, is "Waste conscious Or are they? One of the most priceless commodities that the Christian has at his disposal, even in these efficient times, is wasted daily. And the number of the "wast ers” is vaster than many people suspect. We are speaking, of all things, ot pain! Pain, even in the natural order, has some usefulness. It is often the signal and the sign of some disorder that can be set aright. It can be the indication that a healing process is taking place. Its absence might be taken as a danger sign. This limited usefulness would make most of us gladly forego any dealings with the commodity in question But in this regard, we canno. always be choosers. Pain will come to us all. The theme of two little publications being dis tributed by the Pontifical Society For the Propaga ion of the Faith has to do with this subject of "Wasted pain.” They say that “one cf the greatest tragedies in the world is wasted pain. Pain, without relation to the cross is like an unsigned check without value.” Pain, when suffered willingly, is something the value of which will only be known in eternity. Suffering for sufferings sake is evil and shows a warped mind. Nobody is supposed to "like suf fering. That’s just it. We do not like it and yet we accept it, try to make the best of it because it can be the measure of our love oi God and an indica tion of our readiness to submit ourselves to His w ill. The next time we have the occasion to experience pain, these following words, taken from one of the little pamphlets, may be of help: I here is a price tjig on every soul in the world, (inc billion, one hundred million souls in pagan lands do not know the joys of faith in Our l-ord and His Blessed Moth er. Some of these souls can he bought by prayers others by missionaries nursing the sick, others by sacrificial alms. But most of them can be bought only in the way Our lx»rd bought us-- by suffering “Big Tom The Red American Negroes agree that racism is a pi oh Jem in the U.S. which must he solved, nut not through Communist teachings and tactics, declares an article in the December issue of The Sign, na tional Catholic magazine. The article. "Big Tom, the Red,” written by Manning Johnson. Negro and former Communist Party leader, tells how Thomas Williams, a typical Negro leader." quit 20 years of fanatical Red cru sading when he found American Negroes are loyal to America and are "getting things done John son who worked with the FBI. investigating com munism is now a consultant for the Investigation Division nf the Department of Justice "Big Tom joined the Communist Party thinking that in this way he coijld advance himself ami his race” Johnson says, detailing Williams’ life in Geor gia and Harlem and his zeal through all phases nf unpaid and paid Communist activities "On his return to the States (from indoctrination at Ixnin Institute, Moscow) Big Tom was full nt en thusiasm tn bring about the revolution I his c-nthiri asm did not last because he soon found out that getting Negroes to accept Moscow s program was a tough job The vast majority refused to buy. He knew that Negroes are loyal to America even in the face of injustice and that they want and seek in tegration and equality in American society, not sop aration into a Negro state arising from fires or re bellion, bloodshed and revolution He had worked in numerous Commie front groups. He had helped them grow, only to see them wither and die nn the vine. ‘The more he thought about it, the more the picture began tn clarify The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Urban League th Interracial Councils, which he con damned as tools of Wall Street wore getting things done The leaders of these groups he called filth from the gutter,' and ‘misleaders' The Negro press he called ‘gutter journalism’ All because he was told to do so by the Party bosses Why he asked himself" Then it dawned on him that he was the sucker He was the one that had been used to mis lead his people He had been taught that he first was a Communist and second a Negro and that Hie Party decided what is hest for the Negro He resolved to get out of the Party and expose it. "Big Tom knows that one of the most dangerous illusions white Americans can develop is the be lief that since the Negro has rejected Communism, business can go on as usual The temporary defeat nf the Reds has not discouraged them They are more determined than ever. Cardinal .Stepinac, Rebuke Ami Test For Tito There ia little doubt that the Holy Father’s eval nation of the heroic archbishop of Zagreb tn the college nf cardinals was in recognition of his moral leadership and courage in a world that needs such an example. Besides, like Cardinal Mindszenty, Aloysius Cardinal Stepinac stands as a symbol of resistance to the Soviet world in its war on relig ion and Christian culture In deigning tn honor the Primate of Yugoslavia Pope Pius XJI brings great satisfaction to the whole world that has watched v'jth sympathy and understanding the sufferings nf that great prelate. That Archbishop Stepinac is named a ardinal becomes a definite rehuke to the persecution of all religion and the denial of fundamental freedoms which has been the program under tyrant Tito Fnr many years the Archbishop has led the battle against tyranny, he was already a veteran in this before Tito arrived on the scene He had opposed Hitler, Nazism and anti semitism It was tn be ex pected that he would not be fooled by a new brand of the same. Because of this long record of courage the bestowal of the Red Hat upon Archbishop Step inac is an effective rebuke to the evil forces he has fought. The elevation of Archbishop Stepinac to the Car dinalate, also stands as a test for Tito. He has been saying that religion enjoys freedom in Yugoslavia. When it has seemed opportune to do so. he has shown a false front of such religious freedom to the world, hoping to deceive. Sad to say, he has found gullible people in the U.S government and in Brit ain. This tyrannical terror has even been invited to visit England. He will now have an opportunity to give evidence of what he is pleased to call free dom of religion in Yugoslavia by permitting Arch bishop Stepinac to go to Rome for his new honor and also in assuring the new Cardinal a safe return. At present the Archbishop fears to go. for he feels he will not be permitted to come back to his people. Ix*t Tito meet this test of his “tolerance” of religion. Just Among Ourselves Passing Commant Considered or Inconsiderate In a moment we are going to do a letter to Santa Claus. You are warned, therefore, and may pass rapidly on to other matters. Letters in print are usually sad things, and none sadder than the sweet little note penned painfully by Junioi to induce Santa Claus to bring him an automobile, a bicycle, an airplane, a house and lot, a yo-yo, and 100 shares of General Motors stock But, sad, or merry, here goes for a necessary letter. Dear Santa Claus You will pardon me, I know, for my long silence. This is the first letter 1 have written you since I was four or five, and that was many and many a year ago. though not in a kingdom hy the sea. If am constrained to snuggle up to a typewriter for the purpose of dashing off a few lines for your instruction, it is not because I feel an overpowering desire for an electric refrigerator or a Cadillac convertible, and formally petition you to put these articles into my Christmas stocking. Rather, it is because I must fend off certain gifts which I judge are coming my way, gifts for which I cannot possibly find either place or use in an al ready disorderly demesne. First of all, dear Santa Claus, if you have any notion of rendering .ny Christmas joyous by means of a plaque, 1 beg you to banish the thought at once. I have not been particularly good during the year gone by. but I do not think I have been so rtiuch out of line as to deserve a plaque. I have seen a great many plaques in my time, as yot have also, Santa Claus, and I have yet to see one.—religious or secular in theme, if I may use that term, to which 1 would willingly give house room, even if 1 thought a great deal less of my house than 1 actually do. Have you any idea of what a plaque is for? Have you ever found beauty or inspiration in a plaque" Has a plaque ever given you a lift? I am all for useless giving, of course, but a plaque has such a pleonasm of uselessness about it that it saddens and depresses. It is therefore most unfitting as a gift tor this happy time when every heart is carolling and the merry sound of sleigh bells is recalled in the jubilant jingle of the cash register. Do not bring me a plaque. Spare the reindeer (with Rudolph, or Wilberforce, or Osgood, or whatever the current leader’s name may be) the wholly unnecessay burden of a plaque for your present client. Another thing, dear Santa Claus, of which I am hy no means in need is book ends. 1 know this may disappoint you. but on this matter I must be firm even at the cost of considerable pain to you and to all who wish me well Book ends, indeed, have a use, and their name proclaims it. But If I were forced to use bookends, they would he for me the end of books Therefore. 1 beseech you, put by that large and impressive box, and that quire of fancy wrapping-paper, and those spangly seals put away the container, and set the book ends hack upon the shelf they are not for me. I have received in my time book-ends almost without number. Some of them were ornamented with animals of literary taste, some with studious church, fronts, and one pair presented a couple of Grecian ladies, sombre and sinuous, who were ap parently so rapt in thought that they popped into bronze without being wrapped in much else None of these has done anything for me in point of de votion to the printed word 1 find I cannot support the love of literature by using book ends I will admit, however, that one pair of book ends does me constant service These are particu larly tall bookends, made of plaster they represent Notre Damq Cathedral, although not with such striking fidelity as to confuse the observei and make him lose his sense of place and time. I have se» these book ends back to back, and shored them up with an old flat iron Thus arranged, they make a serviceable easel for a large framed picture which stands atop my bookcase, lacking these book ends, and the flat iron, I should have had to hang this splendid picture prosily against the wall This, however, is the only use I have ever found for hook ends I am running on here, Santa Claus, as I am apt to do, carried away by my subject but not carried forward Without more ado, therefore, let me men tion a few other items in the litany of things I do not want for Christmas I do not want a lot of glazy bound bookmatches, with or without my name on the covers Nor can 1 find place for pure gadgetry, such as a combination letter opener, bottle do capper, cork screw, pipe tamper, and instrument for removing clinkers from horses’ hooves. Electric corn poppers, while they have a cer tain superficial appeal, with their gleaming chrome and all are somehow too elaborate and circumstan tial for the single light service they arc intended to render So are electric egg boilers w hich go to great expense to perform an operation that can he as well done with a little water in an old tin can. Above all, Santa Claus mark my name from the list ot persons doomed to receive ceramic "planters,” in the shape of birds or animals, with hollow backs and ivy growing out of them. That way madness lies 1 trust, Santa Claus, that you will understand and appreciate the spin’ in which this letter is written I have no intention of merely airing griev ances or of harping querulously on things that 1 dislike My only purpose of writing all this is to spare you the heavy charge of lugging things to me, when I hang up my Interwoven Socks on Christ mas Eve. that can only he a burden to the carrier and a distress to the receiver. When 1 hear that throaty "ho, ho", with which you constantly enter tain yourself in our local department stores, I should like to find less gtrain and more heartiness in it to this end. 1 send you word that, so far as 1 can arrange it. your Christmas burden this year will be a lighter one. 1 wish you well, Santa Claus, but 1 dare not al low gleeful whimsy to formulate any light hearted hopes for your enjoyment to a person with your journey and labors before you, such.wishes could only seem ironical We must maintain the serious note. Happy book-ends to you! THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1952 Will Work LOS ANGELES (NC) A pledge to promote peace and true liberty throughout the world and in the nation was made by Cardinal-elect James Francis McIntyre in a statement to newspaper reporters here this week. "We pledge our loyalty to God and to country in the promotion of all things that work for do mestic and international tran quility, provide for the common good, and will preserve to our selves and posterity the bless ings oi true liberty,” Archbish op McIntyre said. His statement was made to newsmen, who had asked for comment on his coming eleva tion to the College of Cardinals even before the prelate had re ceived official notification of his appointment. The Cardinal-designate said news of his appointment by the Holy Father was a "complete surprise.” He first learned of it at 2:40 a.m. when reporters phoned his residence to seek a statement. "Is it true? Is it official?" Archbishop McIntyre asked the newsmen. “I am completely LOVIS I. BUDENZ In Defense A fine gesture was made by incoming Secretary of State John Foster Dulles when he invited the Federal Bureau of Investiga tion to exam ine his entire record. In .it self, this act would not guarantee that a policy of ap peasement will be prevented. Men whose records may be beyond e proach in re gard to loyalty or security can fail to have a true insight into the character of Soviet Commun ism, or not be cognizant of the Kremlin’s objectives in any par ticular period. What Mr. Dulles has done, nevertheless, sets a good standard for all govern ment posts, including specifical ly those in the State Department V The FBI has without doubt ac cumulated a backlog of informa tion that can help the internal security of the United States, if properly applied. J. Edgar Hoov er's latest report covering the wide area of FBI activities against subversion, tells us that. Gossip Brewing On the very day that Mr. Dul les made his declaration, the Reds were busy launching th^ir newest campaign to discredit our chief and soundest agency for internal defense. This is a more serious business than many Americans may appreciate. Through those tactics of delay which Stalin recommends to his followers when on the defens ive, Communists have been able to slow down the processes of American justice. They feel themselves now in a position to create such criticism of the FBI as will impair its usefulness. And they have not forgotten that Guide Our New Skipper Uj □c With the geniality that char acterizes him, the Cardinal-desig nate greeted them. Tall, spare and smiling, the 66-year-old pre late posed for newsreel and tele vision cameras under a battery of glaring lights. “If you don’t mind," he said, “I’d like to have Bishop (Timo thy) Manning and Bishop (Joseph T.) McGucken in the picture with me—they’re my right-hand men.” In his statement to the press, the newly-appointed Cardinal said: "The announcement from His Holiness in Rome, as conveyed early this morning by the press, is to me a surprise of magnitude and corresponding joy. I I For orld Peace the dark.” By dawn, official notification of his elevation had reached the Archbishop’s house, togeth er with felicitation from Msgr, Giovanni B. Montini, Papal Pro Secretary of State, and Arch bishop Amleto G. Cicognani, Apostolic Delegate to the United States. By 11 in the morning some 50 reporters, photogra phers, television and newsreel cameramen had gathered at the Archdiocesan Chancery for a press conference. Of The FBI even during World War II, when so many of our leaders were un guarded in their praise of Soviet Russia, the FBI kept a close watch on the Soviet fifth column in the United States. We cannot forget that two years ago, when the Communists opened their original barrage against Mr. Hoover and his agen cy, a leading personality in Washington immediately obliged them by writing a book assail ing the Bureau. Nor is it long since a columnist on a well known Few York newspaper cast reflections on the FBI agents in a television presentation. What the Communists are now conk ttifl up can be counted on to brew gossip in many places. ‘Peace Partisans' From the many pages in the October issue of Political Affairs vilifying what the Communists term "the gestapo of American reaction," we can choose the fol lowing paragraph as the central’ theme: “Under the fascist-mind ed, headline seeking J. Edgar Hoover, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has become increas ingly prominent in the past few years as the chief agency of the government in harassing, spying upon, and persecuting, not only Communists, but tens of thou sands of progressives, liberals, advocates of peace, trade union ists. and fighters for Negro rights.” To anyone who pauses to think even for a moment, the falsity of those charges is readilv ap parent the FBI has carefully re framed from disturbing anyone except subversmes and criminals. The only "progressives” it has looked into are those concealed Communists who parade under that title, join numerous Com munist fronts, and serve as "peace partisans” for Stalin In •V.‘A i f' s 1 --‘ST Bi W i A' “We may well see in the se lection of the southland of Cali fornia for representation in the Sacred College—the Senate of the Church—a recognition of the important stature that has come to the city of Our Lady of the Angels. As the eyes of the coun try and the world turn toward the Pacific Coast of the United States, we rejoice in the compli ment.” Reporters asked to see the message officially notifying the archbishop of his elevation to the Cardinalate. Signed by Msgr. Montini. it read: “I am honored and happy to announce to you that the Ho ly Father in the coming secret consistory of the 12th of January will deign to elevate your Most Reverend Excellency to the Sac red Purple. Kindly accept our hearty felicitations and our re spectful good wishes and hom age.” The newsmen asked how they were to phrase the new title of the Archbishop of Los Angeles. The Archbishop smiled and thought a moment, then replied: “I would say James Francis Car dinal McIntyre.” other categories, the same story can be told Ancient Hoax This maneuver at blending ihe case of the Communists with that of champions of social re form is a continuance of the an cient hoax at which the Stalin ites have been so effective. It is the carrying out of Stalin’s in junction which 1 must repeat —that social reforms must be used by his followers as a “screen" for their illegal activi ties. The difficulty is—and this can not be reiterated too frequent ly—that the concealed Reds will impress this view on certain men and women who are in positions to affect public thinking. By the absurd charge that "the FBI has methodically studied and im proved upon the methods em ployed by the Czarist Okhrana, Hitlerite Germany, and pre-war fascist Italy and Japan,” the Communists will alarm these un thinking individuals, most of whom—as Max Eastman declar ed last year—are not so attach ed to “free speech” as to “a lin gering feeling" that there is something progressive in Soviet Communism. Defend the FBI We can be prepared for a number of verbal sideswipes at the FBI, and these will come from persons who seem to be in nocent of Communist associa tion. Defense of the FBI the best contribution that can be made to the internal defense of the Unit ed States. It is an obligation of all good citizens. Great good can be done by encouraging the in coming administration to call fully upon the Bureau for the information it has accumulated, and to use that information vig orously toward ending Red in fluence everywhere. INQUIRY CORNER RICHARD ATT EE Does Church Object To Modern Music? Q, Why is so much money spent on churches end appoint ments when it could be used in a real Christian spirit to help the poor? A. There are two great com mandments and the love of our neighbor should not be consider ed as competing with the love of God. We do not neglect our neighbor when we spend time and money for proper respect and worship of God. It is the man who loves God who has a real reason for loving his neigh bor, even when the neighbor is not attractive e.g. parable of the Good Samaritan. The poor are not neglected by people who be lieve in God. In fact anyone ob jecting to money spent in honor ing God puts himself in bad company, for Judas voiced this objection. “Why was this oint ment not sold for three hundred denarii, and given to the poor?” he asked, when Mary anointed the feet of Jesus at Bethany (John 12:5). Q. Why does the Church ob ject to modern music? A. The Church does not ap prove or disapprove of ancient or modern music as such. I sup pose this question refers to mu sic for use in Church, and refers to statemeHts about Gregorian Chant. It is true that Blessed Pius (Motu Proprio on Sacred Music) calls Chant “the proper chant of the Roman Church, which she directly proposes to the faithful as her own music.” In other places he makes clear as does Pope Pius XII, that mod ern music is quite acceptable. “It cannot be said that modern music and singing should be en tirely excluded from Catholic worship,” states Pius XII in his encyclical on the Liturgy. He adds: “For if they are not pro fane nor unbecoming to the sa credness of the place and func tion, and do not spring from a desire of achieving extraordinary and unusual effects, then our Churches must admit them.” Q. How can any Catholic of in telligence tolerate the dictation of what he should read and not read? Would Christ approve such curbing of freedom? A. When Christ gave that startling command that we should pluck out an eye or cut off our hand if it were neces sary for the good of our soul he answered this question. Yet the Index and restrictions of the Church are greatly exaggerated. I wonder how many readers came across the ext inordinary statement of Dr. Nahum Gold of the Jewish mann, chairman Agency for a I estine, re ported by the New York Times corre spondent from Israel. In this statement it was pointed out that the vi tal thing for Is rael is the en o u ragement not only of Jews from those areas of Europe where they have been persecuted, but above all from countries where no perscution exists at all. “There must be.” said this Jewish leader, "a colossal cam paign of education among Amer ican Jews to persuade them to come to Israel for pure Zionist motives.” It is emphasized that the coming of American and oth er Jews to Israel is not envisag ed as a temporary thing but as the beginning of a large immi grant movement. Favorite of Favorite* Now I submit that for a for eign government, or an agency representing that government, to appeal to citizens of another country whose national origin— or, in this case, racial and re ligious—coincides with the for mer, to renounce their birth right and set up abroad is one of the most fantastic expressions of policy to appear in many a year. We are becoming accus tomed, unfortunately, to the treatment of Israel not as a nor mal state with which we main tain relations but as the favorite among favorites with such scandalous preference that it is a wonder the entire Near East is not more indignant than it is. Our Vice President beats the bushes selling State of Israel bonds. The mayor of New York seems to find more time to de vote to Israel and its affairs than to anything else. Now we have an appeal to American citizens to abandon their citizenship, give up their rightful place in our country, and dash off to Isra el to establish themselves. And all of this for the “purest Zion ist motives”! Disloyal To Race? We were indignant in the past because the long arm of Ger many reached out to claim its blood kin in the United States. The French groused for years at the idea that Italians in Tu nisia were in some way or other the object of special solicitude from Italy Never has any claim of a former mother country on its citizens tn the United States Only a few books of world-wide fame are listed for our protec tion on the Index, and Catholics having sufficient reason may ob tain permission to read them. With the vast treasures of clas sical and Christian learning it is amusing to hear the laments about the few books listed by the Church. The general rule is much more important, whereby any book, play or object con trary to faith or morals is forbid den. No one is going to lose much intellectually by passing by the proud men who are listed as dangerous to faith or morals, and freedom certainly is not lost by obeying the Voice which speaks for Christ the Son of God. Q. Is war ever the enswer to man's problems? Is it ever justi fied? A. In his letter (Summi Pon tificatus) October 20, 1939 Pope Pius XII stated: it is not from the sword that deliverance comes to nations the sword can not breed peace, it can only im pose terms of peace The forces, the influences, that are to renew the face of the earth, must spring from men’s hearts.” In many places he points out the need for a return to Christian principles within nations and between nations. It is another thing, however, to conclude that he condemns all military action. Christian teaching has always ac cepted reality, including original sin and the possibility of wicked men leading a whole nation in an unjust war. The nation at tacked, or its friends, have a right to defend themselves. In fact the Holy Father Speaks (Christmas Message 1944) of the need for an international league to stop aggression through “pun ishment inflicted upon the ag gressor by the league of States, so that war will feel itself under a proscriptive ban”. Q. What it known about tho St. Lucy in the Canon of tho Mass? A. Her feast day is December 13th. She was a Sicilian girl who died for the faith in the persecu tion of Diocletian early in the fourth century. There are a num ber of inspiring incidents in the account of her martyrdom, which was inflicted by the sword after base attacks upon her vir tue and inhuman torture. Send questions to the Rev. Edward F. Healey, Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. Fantastic Expression! merited particular enthusiasm from the American people. And now we have Israel, to which most American Jews have no at tachment aside perhaps from general sympathy, a land which practically none of them has seen and from which they defi nitely did not come, putting forth an appeal to settle there. Does this imply that fourth and fifth generation American Jews are expected to heed the call of Israel and go popping off to set tle in some agricultural commun ity or else be branded as un patriotic and disloyal to race and religion? Suppose the Italian govern ment were now to demand that Americans, of Italian origin, no matter how firmly fixed in the United States, edme back to Italy to settle. I can well imagine the howl of indignation that would go up. And yet, Dr. Goldmann tells us in this same communi que, “If the Zionist movement in the United States wants to retain its raison d’etre, it must offer more than the non-Zionist Jew ish organization—that is, it must contribute'to immigration.” The cause of Zionism and of Israel must be served by putting the heat on American Jews, who may very likely have no desire whatever to leave this country, to go to Israel. I surmise that the pressure can become very uncomfortable indeed for those recalcitrants who somehow or other conceive of the United States as their land and as far more significant to them than Israel. Potential Emigrant* If Zionism is to be a success, concluded Dr. Goldmann this interview, the problem is one of how to get Jews who are not persecuted to emigrate to Israel. If the logic of this statement is pushed to its conclusion this means that every Jew every where. no matter what his na tionality, is considered tpso facto as a potential emigrant to Israel. And I daresay American liberals who sweat blood and tears for Israel—and would be shocked if any American did half as much for another foreign country— will support this “back to Israel” movement with all their strength. The amusing thing is that there is no “back” involved: precious few of the American Jews came from Israel in the first place. I wonder if the day will come when one of the tenets of good Americanism is going to be loy alty to the United States—and Israel. Someone has now come out with the absurdity that no one who does not believe in the United States can be a good American It is obvious that we have long since reached that point with regard to Israel.