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And Peaceful New Year! Vol. II, No. 14 Bishop, Priest, 2 Nuns Called ‘Orphan Killers’ Freed By Chinese Reds By Father Albert R. O'Hara, S.J. (Radio. N.C.W.C. News Service) HONG KONG A Bishop, a priest, and two nuns, all of "’hom had been imprisoned for allegedly “murdering" orphan children arrived here on the same dav after having been ex pelled by communist authorities from’ Red China. The prelate was 41-year-old Bishop Orazio Ferrucio Ceol of Kichow. who had been in prison for 14 month. The priest was Father Giuseppe Bianchi. 47. Both belong to the Franciscan Order and are natives of Trent, Italy. The nuns were Sister Alphonse du Redempteur, of Joliette, Que bec end Sister Marie-Germaine, of Trois-Rivieres, Quebec. They be long to .-the Canadian Congregation of the Immaculate Conception and had been imprisoned following a "trial" in December, 1951, at which they were accused of sharing in the "murders" of more than 2,000 Bishop Ready Names Sesqui Committee In accordance with the plans made by the Bishops ot Ohio’s six Dioceses at a joint meeting in Cin cinnati. Bishop Ready announced this week the local committee which will guide this Diocese’s cel ebration ol the State’s Sesquicen tennial. Stressing the importance of re ligion’s role in the 150-year history of the state of Ohio, the committee, under the Bishop, will coordinate all Diocesan activities. A state wide committee made up of the chairmen of all the Diocesan com mittees has been organized to co ordinate the celebration through out the state. The Bishops of Ohio agreed to inaugurate their Diocese’s celebra tion with a Pontifical Mass in their respective Cathedrals on the actual date of the admission of the State to the Union, March 1. Tentative plans call for a gener al theme showing the history of the Church in each Diocese, highlight ed by joint exhibits of Catholic historical records, vestments, chal ices. photographs of early churches and institutions, especially Cathed ral churches, music festivals and dramatic performances. The newly appointed committee for the Columbus Diocese is as fol lows: The Rev. Paul O’Dea, chairman, Dean of Studies, St Charles Semi nary: the Right Rev Msgr. Francis J. Schw endeman, V. F„ Dean of Central Deanery and Pastor of St. Leo Church. Columbus: the Rev.. Julian Schaefer, Pastor of St. Mary Church. Lancaster and Diocesan Director of the Rural Life Move ment, and the Rev. C. Bennett Ap plegate. Diocesan Superintendent of Schools. The Rev. George Undyeiner, Professor in History. Pontifical College Josephinum the Rev. Da vid Dennis, assistant editor, The (Continued on Page 2) Australian Carmelite Priest (Jets High Honors SYDNEY, Australia—(NO An Australian Carmelite priest has been made a member of the Order of the British Empire for his out standing service as an army chap lain with the 3rd Battalion of the Australian forces in Korea. He is Father E. R. Phillips, O. farm who is described in the of ficial citation as •‘completely fear less and tireless.” His citation states also that he has by far the longest service in Korea of any member of the Australian forces. I Chinese orphans between October 14, 1949, and January 14, 1951. The so-called trial took place at Canton, where the Sisters were members oi the staff of the Holy Infant orphanage. Also involved in the travesty “trial” were three other Canadian Sisters who were ordered expelled from China. Sis ters Alphonse and Marie-Germaine each were given terms of five years’ imprisonment. On hand to greet the expelled nuns were Msgr. Martin Gilligan. Secretary of the Catholic Welfare Committee of, China, and numer ous groups of Religious and lay Catholics of various nationalities. In the group was Sister Germain of Pont Rouge. Quebec, one of nuns who had been ordered expelled at the Canton "trial” and who is still in Hong Kong. The newcomers disclosed that they had been informed on Christ mas Eve that they had been "par doned," but must leave the coun try. They said they were told to dress in coolie pants and shirts and were then taken to a hotel, where they remained overnight. In the morning their habits were returned to them and they were escorted to a train which took them to Hong Kong. On their arrival here, the Sisters expressed their joy on being again on free soil and immediately in quired about their parents in Cana da They said they had left be hind them in the jail a heroic or phan child who had consistently refused to accuse them of the crimes alleged against them, even when threatened with being shot. Sisters Alphonse and Marie Gerinaine said they had been forc ed to w'ork 14 hours a day while in prison, making shoes. Their diet, they added, was so poor that Sister Marie-Germaine once nearly died, but recovered when medical care was provided. -------------o------------------ Cooperation Asked Between Warring* Waterfront Units PHILADELPHIA (NC) The Port of Philadelphia has gained prestige, employment stability and improved shipping schedules through its experiment in “job-site arbitration.” but the situation along the waterfront still is “rather ugly.” the Rev. Dennis J. Comey, S.J., permanent arbitrator, said in his annual report. Father Comey’s report criticized the Philadelphia Maritime Trades Association, representatives of the shipping interests, and the Inter national longshoremen’s Associa tion, A.F. of L. He described the relationship be tween ILA and PMTA as a state of war. The priest, a director of the In stitution of Industrial Relations of St Joseph’s College, warned that “mutual distrust blackens the in terpretation of problems under dis cussion.” Father Comey said that “each party seems convinced that the other is bent on cheating. Both par ties are quick to seize on any un pleasant detail as a sign of bad faith. Even those who are more hopeful of smooth sailing foresee heavy storm warnings in every squall cloud. Christmas Gift For Pope 4 Pope Piu* XII is shown as ha received Christmas Gifts from the women and children of Italian Catholic Action at a pre-Christmas party at the Vatican. In his Christmas message to the world His Holiness assailed the cold mechanisation of modern society and claimed W is "depersonalising" man. (NC Photoe) Pax Christi League Aims At Just Peace LUXEMBOURG. Lux. (NC) Pax Christi is working for a just peace, “a peace with respect for rights.” It is not “pacifist,” nor does it seek “peace at any price.” This statement of aims was re leased here at the meeting of the International Council of the Pax Christi League. Catholic organiza tion for students and scholars. Pre siding was Archbishop Maurice Fel tin of Paris, recently named a Car dinal. Countries represented here were Austria, Belgium, France, Western Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the Saar and Switzer land. The next Pax Christi study con ference, the meeting announced, will be held at Altenberg. Ger many, August 3 to 6. 1953. It also revealed plans for publishing a periodical on the work of the League. The Council reaffirmed Pax Christi's policy of avoiding any sort of involvement in political matters, stating that the League’s work must continue to be on the spirit ual level. At a luncheon for delegates. Luxembourg's Minister of Educa tion Frieden praised this decision. “To establish true peace,” he de clared, “politics are not enough. The eflorts of the United Nations, necessary as they are. show this every day. Nor do economics suf fice, although such efforts as the ‘coal steel’ pool constitute an im portant step towards peace. “Finally, culture does not suf fice. The striking setbacks of UNESCO are proof of it. All these are necessary, but they are not enough. Also needed are the spir itual. religion, the Church. “It is on this level that peace will be made, or it will never be made.” o---------------- Martyrs Work Published 36 Years After His Dealli PARIS—(NO- A scholarly work by the great French missionary, Father Charles de Foucauld. has been published here 36 years alter he suffered a martyr’s death in Africa. It is a four-volume dictionary of the Targui language, spoken by the tribesmen of rhe central Sahara. Father de Foucauld spent many years among these people before he was killed in 1916 Beatification proceedings for the priest have been started in Rome. Buffalo Priest Named Delegale To South Africa VATICAN CITY (Radio. NC)— Msgr. Celestine Damiano, a priest of the Diocese of Buffalo who has been stationed in Rome for five years as an attache of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, today was named Titular Archbishop of Nicopolis in Epiro and Apostolij Delegate to South Africa A MINK newspaper division 0810 STATE MUSEUM A C0LUM3US 10 OHIO lhe eamohc limes Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, January 2, 1953 “Thanks Santa-I Mean, Bishop” Climaxing a Christmas season jammed with activities at St. Vincent Orphanage, Columbus, was the annual visit of Bishop Ready to the Main street institution. The Bishop celebrated Mass for the children and Sisters and then was feted with a program of Christmas carols and recitations. The cele bration closed with the Bishop distributing gifts to each of the happy youngsters. Shown with the Bishop and his small friends are, I. to r., Sister M. Mathia, Sister M. Carmen and Mother Ida, Superior. Hope For Salvation Of Humanity Lies In God And Not In Production And Organization, Pontiff Warns VATICAN CITY (Radio. NCl Humanity’s hope for salvation from the ills that plague the world lies in God and “cannot come from production and organization alone,” His Holiness Pope Pius XII declared in his annual Christmas mess age to the world. Unusually long—it ran.to some 6,000 words—the Pope’s address contained a strong tnd' ment of factors in modern political, economic and social life, which, he warned, tend to obscure the spir itual and personal nature of man and to deprive him of his dignity as a creature made in the image of God. Beamed over the Vatican Radio in 24 languages, the Pope's greet ings were extended especially “to the poor, to the oppressed, to those who, for whatever reason, sigh in affliction and whose life depends, as it were, on the breath of hope.” On their belief, he called upon in dividuals and nations to “unloose a flood of help.” “In so urgent a problem as bringing help to souls in distress," Pope Pius said, “humanity must raise its eyes to God and learn always from His infinitely wise and efficacious action the way to help and redeem men from their ills. “Now, here the mystery of the Nativity, in particular, casts a won Protestant Church Becomes Catholic Place Of Worship BROOKLYN, N. Y.—(NC)—A for mer Congregational church has be come the new Byzantine-Melkite Rite Church of the Virgin Mary. The renovated structure was ded icated Sunday by Archbishop Thomas E. Molloy. Bishop of Brook lyn. and a Solemn Mass was cele brated by the Rev. Nicholas Arakt ingi, administrator, and his two as sistants, the Right Rev. Elias Scaff and the Rev. Allen Maloof. The new Virgin Mary Church in Park Slope, originally of Victorian Gothic architecture, has been mod ified with Eastern liturgical decor ations of the Byzantine Rite., The Melkites v l.o immigrated to America in 1886 first established a mission church in Manhattan. A Melkite church was later opened in Lawrence. Mass. The Brooklyn parish was founded in 1910. Since 1924 services have been held at Virgin Mary Church. Amity and Clinton streets. The new church has been re-de signed to provide for services of the Byzantine-Melkite Rite. In the sanctuary are two altars, one to be used for preparing bread and wine for consecration on the main altar. Each side altar houses a gold tab ernacle, one for the Blessed Sac rament and one for Holy Oils The main altar is a table of African onyx and is adorned with a paint ed crucifixion group. The Melkites are members of the Catholic Church and under the spiritual leadership of the Pope. School Next Monday Parents are reminded, ac cording to the Diocesan school calendar, that classes will be resumed in all the parochial schools of the Diocese, Monday, January 5. derful light. For in what else does the substance of this ineffable mystery consist but in the work un dertaken by God and by Him grad ually brought to its conclusion in aid of His creature, in order to lift him up again from the depths of the most grievous and general misery into which he had fallen? We mean the misery of sin and separation from the Supreme God.” Throughout his message the Ho ly Father warned against what he called the “depersonalization” of. man being wrought even in soci eties where Christian goodwill pre vails. He said that humanity has been able to build marvelous ma chines of production, but asserted "it is superstition to expect salva tion from rigid formulas mathe matically applied to the social or der, for this attributes to them an almost prodigious power which they cannot have.” Declaring that in some countries, the modern State is becoming “a gigantic administrative machine” extending its influence over almost every phase of life, the Pope as serted that "in many of his more important activities, man has been reduced to a mere material object of society, while society frtself has been transformed into an imper sonal system and into a cold or ganization of force.” Pope Pius delivered his Christ mas message, his 14th consecutive one, in the Consistorial Hall of the Vatican, where members of the College of Cardinals had assembled to extend him Christmas greetings. He spoke in Italian, since all the Cardinals present were Italian. As soon as he had finished reading the message, an English-language trans lation was broadcast over the Vati can Radio. Other languages in which the Pope's message was then broadcast included Spanish, Dutch. Portu guese. German, French, Lithuanian, Croatian, Roumanian, Slovene, Polish, Czech. Slovak, Hungarian, Chinese. Latvian. Arabic. Abyssin ian. Russian, Ukrainian. Bulgarian, Danish, Albanian, and Byelorussi an. Deploring the tendency, even in the free world, to look for salva tion in some inflexible order or system or some "new social formu la” the Holy Father declared that “human society is not a machine and must not be made such, even in the economic field.” “Modern industry,” the Pope said, "has unquestionably had ben eficial results, but the problem which arises today is this: Will a world in which the only economic form to find acceptance is a vast productive system be equally fitted to exert a happy influence upon society in general and upon the three fundamental institutions of society in particular?” The institutions, to which the Pope previously referred, were the family, the State and private prop erty. Continuing, he said: “We must answer that the imper sonal character of such a world is (Continued on Page 2) Abp. Gracias Named India's First Cardinal Appointment By Pope Pius Fill* Vacancy Created Bv Death Of Italian Prelate VATICAN CHY India was scheduled to get its first Cardinal in history with the adding of Arch hishop Valerian Gracias of Bombay to the group of new Cardinals to be created in the January 12 Con sistory here. The 52 year-old Archbishop was named to the College of Cardinals by (Jis Holiness Pop Pius XII to fill the vacancy created by the death of Patriarch Carlo Agostini ot Venice, who died last week The Pope’s action was described as an unusual and unexpectec move. India's four million Catholics who have long been longing for their own Cardinal have been in the world spotlight in recent weeks by the celebration of two centen nials: the 19th centenary of the coming of St. Thomas the Apostle to India and the fourth centenary ol the death of St. Francis Xavier. The naming of an Indian Cardin al will extend the representation in the Sacred College to 28 countries and territories. Two other coun tries will receive their first Card inal at the January 12 consistory: Colombia and Ecuador. Complement Now Full The announcement that the Pope had named Archbishop Gracias a new' cardinal was made in Osserra tore Romano. Vatican City daily here. The paper said that the Pon tiff wanted to fill all possible places in the new college Although he was grieved deeply by the death of Patriarch Agostini, the paper said, the Pope named Archbishop Gracias to bring the college of Car dinals to its full complement of 70 before the January 12 Consistory. The new Cardinal-designate has been a member of the Indian Hier archy for only seven years He achieved a high reputation as a preacher and journalist before be ing named Auxiliary of Bombay in 1946. He was elevated to Arch bishop of Bombay in 1950. Following his ordination he went to Rome where he received an ad vanced degree at the Gregorian University. He then served as sec retary to Archbishop Thomas Rob erts. S.J., who later retired as Archbishop of Bombay, chancellor of the archdiocese and rector of the pro-cathedral in Bombay. In his journalistic career the Cardinal-designate founded and for some time directed CathoHc Action, a Bombay journal. From 1935 to 1942 he served as editor of the Indian Messenger of the Sacred Heart and in 1938-39 he was co-editor of The Examiner, the Bombay archdiocesan paper. The new* convent chapel for the Sisters of St. Francis of Mary Im maculate at St. Mary Magdalene parish. Columbus, was solemnly dedicated last week by Bishop Ready. Masters of ceremony of the Pon tifical Low Mass celebrated by the Bishop were the Right Rev. Msgr. Roland T. Winel, Chancellor of the Diocese, and the Rev. George Schorr. Vice-Chancellor The serv ices also included the consecration Holy Name Rallies Set For Men of 2 Deaneries Monsignor Wind •Union and pastor of St. Christo pher Church, Columbus, said the rallies will serve as a magnificent demonstration of faith and will honor and praise the Holy Name of Jesus. "With secularism arm Commun ism fighting to destroy Christianity and to expel the name of God from the hearts of men.” Fr. Culliton de clared. “there is a greater need for Catholic Action today than ever before.” In the Central Deanery rally at (he Cathedral, the Right Rev Msgr. Roland T. Winel. chancellor of the diocese, will be the princi pal speaker. The program will include a hymn by the entire assembly, recitation of the Rosary, led by the Very Rev. Msgr. Harry S. Connelly, pastor of St Joseph Cathedral, and renewal of the Holy Name Pledge by the congregation as read by Father Culliton. The hymn. “Veni Sancte Spirit us.” will be sung by St. Charles’ Seminary Choir, under the guid ance of the Rev. F. Thomas Gallen. Diocesan Director of Church Mu sic. Deacons of honor to Bishop Ready will be the Rev Paul Hammer, pastor of St. Paul Church, Westerville, and the Rev James Kulp. Diocesan Director of the Propagation of the Faith. At the Pontifical Benediction, the Very Rev Msgr Matthew How ard of St. Charles Seminary and the Very Rex Msgr. Harold J. O'Don nell. assistant chancellor of the Diocese, will be the deacon and sub-deacon. Singing of the hymn Holy God. We Praise Thy Name." wift dose the event. Bishop Dedicates !\eic Convent Chapel of the altar by Bishop Ready and erection of Stations of the Cross. Six parishioners who are study ing for the priesthood served as acolytes for the ceremonies They were Richard Engle, Colby and Kenneth Grimes. John O'Rourke and the Rev. Mr. Raymond Ryan, all of St. Charles College, and John Fortcamp of the Pontifical College Josephinum. Architect and constructor of the new chapel, an addition to the con A Blei»M»d And Peaceful Neu Year! Price Ton Cents, $3.00 A Yoat Holy Name Societies in the Centra) and Eastern Deaner ies of the Columbus Diocesan Holy Name Union will hold sep erate rallies Sunday, Jan. 11. in St. Joseph Cathedral, Colum bus and St. Rose Church, New Lexington. The dates were announced this week by Bishop Ready. The Bishop will preside at the 3 p. rally in the Cathedral and he v ill also be celebrant ol Pontifical Penediction closing the event All men over eighteen years of age in the parishes of the deaner ies are urged to attend The Rev. Albert E. Culliton. dio cesan director of the Holy Name Joseph E. Tritschler, diocesan president of the Holy Name Union, has appointed Leo C. Walter of Co lumbus as general chairman of the event, and Roman V. Eyerman and Ralph Kramer Sr .also of Columbus, as co-chairmen. Dean of the Central Deanery is the Right Rev. Msgr. Francis J. Schwendeman pastor of St. Leo’s parish. Columbus. A similar rally will be held at 3 m. in St. Rose Church. New Lex ington. for Holy Name Societies in the Eastern Deanery. The Right Rev. Msgr. Henry J. Kellerman V.F.. dean of the East ern Deanery, has announced that the Right Rev. Msgr. Paul Giering. er will preach the sermon. Msgr. Gieringer is rector of the Ponti fical College Josephinum. Worth ington The Rev James Kimberly, pastor ol St. Patrick’s Church. Junction City, will lead the assembly in praying the Rosary, and the Rev. J. Nash, O.P., pastor of Holy Trinity Church. Somerset, will lead the group in the renewal of the Holy Name Pledge. Msgr. Kellerman, who is pastor of St. Augustine Church, New Straitsville will he the celebrant o: the Solemn Benediction The Re\ Michael Welinitz, pastor of St Mary Church Shaw nee. and the R' Heiman Crock, chaplain of St. Aiov-.js Academy New lexington, Monsignor Gioringor will officiate as deacon and sub deacon. respectively. The Litany of the Holy Name, a prayer for peace, and hymns in honor of the Holy Name are also scheduled. o------------------ Requiem Suns For Bishop CORPUS CHRISTI, Tex. Sol emn Pontifical Requiem Mass for the Most Rev. Emmanuel B. Led vina. 84 retired Bishop of Corpus Christi, was offered in the Corpus Christi Cathedra! Burial was in the crypt under the mam altar of the cathedral which he built. vent, was the Stephen Edward Company of Columbus. Construc tion of the chapel was begun in August. The Rev. Raymond Bau schard is pastor of St. Mary Mag dalene parish. Bishop Ready also delivered the sermon at the services. In the picture above are, left to right: Father Schorr, Father Bau schard, Bishop Ready. Colby Grimes and the Rev. Mr. Raymond Ryan.