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Do Your Part!
Snpport Yonr Catholic Pre** Vol. II, No. 20 To the Reverend Clergy, Religious, and Faithful of the Diocese of Columbus. My Beloved Brethren: The holy season of Lent is immediately before us. It is a period of great grace for the souls of men. In the Liturgy of the First Sun day in Lent, the Church exhorts us in the words of Saint Paul: Be hold. now is the acceptable time behold, now is the day of salva tion” (Il Cor. vi. 21). Behold brethren, we have a single purpose in life. We are born for God alone. We must save our souls if we are to enjoy His eternal happiness in heaven. Yet, we feel the constant pressure of the forces of evil besetting us on all sides, attempting to deter us from our daily quest for goodness and sanctity. We know we are children of original sin with all its weakening effects upon our hu man nature. Furthermore, we know we must repair the wrongs of our lives. There is no sanctification, there can be no peace in the hearts of men unless there is a just satisfaction for sins committed against the wise and merciful commandments of God. Lent is given to us for the express purpose of doing penance for our sins. We' might well take as the pattern of our lives for this Holy season the concluding words of the Gospel on Ash Wednesday: "Where thy treasure is. there thy heart also will be” (Matt, vi, 21). If our treasure is found in the joyous redemption of our souls by Christ on the Holy Cross, then our hearts must embrace His suf ferings. If our treasure is to be found only in heaven, then our hearts must be purged of all self-love and inordinate attachment to the world and its spirit. Lent. therefore, is a time for determining the course of our lives. We must be resolved to give up every sin. We must heartily grieve over those we have committed in the past and do reparation for them. We must hate sin and shun its occasions. Contrition for sin is but part of the Lenten penance. There re mains the mortification of our bodies. In this, we have the example of for divine Lord who wept over the sins of men and expiated for them by His agonizing Passion and Death on Calvary. We sometimes forget how much our bodies cooperate in the wrongs we do. Dare we forget, however, that the joys of heaven and the torments of hell will be shared by our bodies and souls alike? It becomes necessary, beloved brethren, to chastise our bodies and bring them into subjection (I Cor. ix, 27). Such is our blessed opportunity during Lent. Worthy Catholic people will carefully refrain from indulgence even in the ordinary, innocent pleasures of life during the forty day period of Lent. The spirit of penance and reparation for sin will characterize their lives. Th^y will not let groundless prejudices, idle excuses, bad example and a flabby materialism lead them from an honest observance of Lent. I^t us all be awake to the solemn injunction of our Savior and Judge: ‘Unless you shall do penance, you shall perish” (Luke, xiii, 3). I beseech you, my dear brethren, as devoted followers of the Crucified Christ to revive in your lives those holy practices which have always marked the children of God. These are days of prayer, mortification and almsgiving. Participation each morning in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, frequent attendance at the weekly Lenten devotions in your Parish churches, daily family recitation of the Rosary, spiritual reading, hearing sermons and, above ail. re ception of the Sacraments of Penance and the Holy Eucharist— these are the chief means whereby the Faithful offer to God the homage of prayer during this holy season. The Church’s laws governing fasting and abstinence have been decidedly modified in recent years. They should not impose a hard ship on anyone. Fervent Catholics will be desirous of maintaining the full spirit of the penitential season by staying away from amuse ments. parties, socials and places of entertainment. Finally. 1 recall to your minds the words of the Sacred Writer In the Book of Ecclesiasticus: ‘‘Shut up alms in the heart of the poor, and it shall obtain help for thee against all evil” (Ecclus. xxix. 5). We have but two Christian laws to guide our lives: love of God and love of neighbor. Mercy towards our needy and suffering brethren is an expression of such love. During the season of Lent it has been customary to have three special collections in all churches of this Diocese. On the First Sunday in I,ent we are asked to give our support to the Indian and Negro Missions of this country. The worldwide charities of the Holy Father are benefited by the Peter's Pence Collection which is taken on the Second Sunday in Lent. Lastly, offerings for the Bishops. Emergency Relief Collection are received throughout the United States on Laetare Sunday to aid in the tremendous task of caring for the peoples in stricken countries abroad. I beseech you, dear Brethren, to accept these words of charity and mercy in Lent. Here your almsgiving is needed for the welfare of your own souls and for the sustenance in life of your brothers in Christ. I fervently pray that God quickens your Faith this Lent and draws you into closer union with His Divine Son. May the peace of Christ dwell in your homes and hearts throughout the I^enten Season and forever. United with you in prayer and penance during this holy season, Devotedly in Christ, MICHAEL J. READY The deep religious spirit and high morale of Catholic soldiers on the front lines in Korea was cited here recently hy Charles E. Del monico, back in Columbus alter lb months war service as a Red Cross civilian representative. Delmonico. former director of the old Santa Lucia Community House on St. Clair Ave., declared that "great numbers of soldiers are leading exemplary lives, and many front line infantrymen attend Mass and receive Holy Communion daily.” The 38-year-old welfare worker asserted that “droves of soldiers attend field Masses every after noon within gun range of the Chi nese Communist troops.” He added. "This religious faith doesn’t stem from the fear of imminent death, but rather from an ingrained re ligious training which cai be trac ed back to the home.” Delmonico also lauded the Ca tholic chaplains whose' "splendid work” has set an example for Ca tholics and Protestants alike. The cross on their shoulders, he re marked, is regarded as a badge of honor. Morale among GI’s. he continued. Is especially high in the front lines where soldiers are too busy to wor ry about the deadlocked truce negotiations. "Nevertheless, they are deeply concerned about the war, and they favor an all-out offensive to win the peace, so they can come home to their families and forget the fighting.” He noted, however, that some soldiers in rear echelon areas are anxious and unhappy because of the remote prospects of a quick Bishop of Columbus A MltJK A Regional Priests’ Social Ac tion Conference, under the spon sorship of Bishop Ready, is sched uled for Columbus, March 3-4. Invitations to 900 social action directors and other interested priests of the various Dioceses in the Midwest have been mailed. The states affected include Ohio. Pennsylvania. West Virginia,#In diana, Michigan, Illinois and Ken tucky. The conference, to be held In the Deshler-Wallick Hotel, is being organized by the Social Action Department of the N.C.W.C. The purpose of the conference is to enable the Social action di rectors in the Midwest to become better acquainted with one another and to give them an opportunity to share ideas and experiences. With that in mind, an effort will be made to hold the speech-making to a minimum so as to give all concerned ample opportunity for off-the-record, informal discussion of mutual problems. Bishop Ready will act as host to the delegates at a dinner meeting on the evening of March 3. The Rev. George G. Higgins, in cooperation with the Washington staff of the N.C.W.C.. is making plans for the entire program. Father Higgins is assistant director of the N.C.W.C. Department of Social Action and a Catholic Times writer, whose popular column on social action appears every other week on the editorial page of this paper. Local details will be handled by the Rev. Augustine Winkler, dio cesan director of social action. At the request of Bishop Michael J. Ready, pastors, principals and teachei's, under the direction of Father Applegate, began work on the handbook last August. Father Applegate cited four reasons why such a booklet is needed. I peace. Discussing the Korean people, he asserted that their homes are ravished, they are ill-clad and ex tremely poor, and are deeply ap preciative of American gifts. "Packages sent over from Amer ica are a God-send to the people. I've watched them being distribut ed and if the generous American people could see the gratitude writ- The handbook will: 1. Aid the pastor, principal and teacher in meeting the require ments of the state and the diocese. 2. Bring about greater uniformi ty in the system of education in the diocese. 3. Eliminate difficulties in mak ing transfers from parish school to parish school. 4. Lessen the confusion in a school when a new principal as sumes office. The book covers a variety of sub jects ranging from attendance to courses of study. Listing the objectives of Catho lic education, the handbook states that diocesan schools should de velop Catholics who are intelli gent. spiritually vigorous, cultured, vocationally prepared, social mind Catholic Soldiers Praised By Welfare Man Back From Front v ten on the faces of these people, then they certainly would be re paid.” He stated that during January 1953 more than three and a half million pounds of clothing from the Thanksgiving Week Clothing Campaign conducted by War Re lief Services, N.C.W C.. reached Korea. War Relief Services is support $ $ New Book Enunciates Diocesan School Policy A mimeographed handbook, aimed to standardize policies and regulations of the 82 elementary and high schools in the Columbus Diocese, was issued this week by the Rev. C. Ben nett Applegate, diocesan school superintendent. The text will be mailed to all priests and school principals who are invited to suggest re visions in the proposed regula tions. The final draft. Father Apple gate said, will be published this summer and the new policies will go into effect next September. The uatnolic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Fridsy, February 13, 1953 Priests’ Social “Does Your Mail Box Look Like This?” Action Group To Meet Here It fi ■i -2 ft *.- ed and American. It advises teach ers to assist by instruction and by example in the "formations of saints, scholars and citizens.” Also discussed are regulations concerning ’he length of the school calendar, pre-school health exam inations, school patrols, homework, flag display, fire drills, examina tions and textbooks. -------------------o--------------- Law Aids Divorce Over Matrimony LONDON (NC) The British government gives 200 times as much aid to divorce applicants as to marriage counseling centers, it was revealed in the House of Lords. Legal aid to working-class di vorce applicants now costs Britain 1.200.000 sterling pounds ($3,360. 000 a year. But government grants to marriage guidance or ganizations total only 6.000 pounds ($16,800). This incongruity was brought to public attention by peers in the House of Lords, including Lord Pakenham, a Catholic. They urged the government to grant more aid to the marriage counseling soc ieties. ed through the Letare Sunday col lections in the parishes of the Dio ceses of the United States. The meaning of the war to them is unclear, he said, but the sig nificance of "presentos” from America is a type oi charity which they readily understand. Delmonico, turning again to ser vicemen'i Catholicism, said Cardin (Continued on Page 2) ft S .-1 When St. Michael's Parish students were told to use their own inventiveness in planning for their 1953 Catholic Press exhibit, they hit upsn the clever idea displayed above. They nailed a mail-box to a board’representing a front porch. Then they placed a copy of the CATHOLIC TIMES in the mailbox to remind parishioners that February is Catholic Press Month and time to renew those subscriptions to the Catholic Times and other Catholic publications. Pictured above as they were moving the exhibit from the school to the church vestibule are Mary Jo Cotter, fifth grade Bonnie Hoppenyam, seventh grade Kathleen O'Dsa, seventh grade, and Carolyn Engler, eighth grade. Lenten Regulations In accordance with the provisions of Canon Law, as modifi ed through the use of special faculties (punted by the Holy See Bishop Beady herewith announces the following regulations. On Abstinence Everyone over seven years of age is bound to observe the Law of Abstinence. Complete abstinence is to be observed on Fridays, Ash Wed nesday, the Vigils of the Assumption and Christmas, and on Holy Saturday morning. On days of complete abstinence meat and soup or gravy made from meat may not be used at all. Partial abstinence is to be obtvrved on Ember Wednes days and Saturdays and on the Vigils of Pentecost and All Saints. On days of partial abstinence meat and soup or gravy made from meat may be taken only once a day at the prin cipal meal. On Fast Everyone over 21 and under 59 years of age is also bound to observe the law of fast. The days of fast are the week-days of Lent, Ember Days, the Vigils of Pentecost, the Assumption, All Saints and Christmas. On days of fast only one full meal is allowed. Two other meat less meals, sufficient to maintain strength, may be taken ac cording to each one's needs but together they should not equal another full meal. Meat may be taken at the principal meal on a day of fast except on Fridays, Ash Wednesday and the Vigils of the Assumption and Christmas. Eating between meals is not permitted but liquids, includ ing milk and fruit juices, are allowed. "Faith, Hope, Charity” Marked Life Of Benefactress Of Church Two Bishops Attend Funeral Services For Newark Philanthropist Who Aided Thousands NEWARK The Most Reverend Edward G. Hettinger, D.D. Auxiliary Bishop of Columbus, offered the Solemn Pontifical Mass of Requiem, and the Most Reverend Francis P. Leipzig. D.D.. Bishop of Baker City, Oregon, delivered the sermon in St. Francis de Sales church here, Saturday, Feb. 7, for the funeral of Mrs. Cecilia W. Rank, known for her charity to the mis sionary needs of the Church in many parts of the world. Mrs. Rank died in Mt. Carmel hospital, Columbus. Feb. 4. after an illness of many months. Attending in the sanctuary were two Benedictine Abbots, the Rt. Rev. Richard Felix, O.S.B., of St. Benedict's Abbey, Benet Lake, Wis., and the Rt. Rev. Charles Cor iston. O.S.B., of St. Paul’s Abbey, Newton, N.J. Following the Mass Bishop Het tinger spoke briefly expressing his sympathy and that of Bishop Ready to the family. Bishop Ready was unable to be present. Bishop Het tinger said that Mrs. Rank would be held in grateful memory for her many charities in the diocese and for the Church at large. Bishop Leipzig revealed in his sermon that Mrs. Rank had pro vided the means for the education of 42 seminarians who are now priests. Her assistance to mission aries extended from the Philippin es through the poor dioceses of the United States to needy institutions in Rome itself. “Faith, hope, char ity, these three but the greatest of these is charity,” uas the text of the Bishop’s sermon. Pontiff's Blessing During her last illness Mrs Rank had received the special blessing of the Holy Father himself and an assurance of his prayers. Assisting Bishop Hettinger at the Mass were the Rev Joseph Lutkenieier, C.PP.S., San Pierre, Ind, deacon the Rev. Ralph Huntzinger. Blessed Sacrament church, Newark, subdeacon, and the Rev. J^J. Janssen, M.S.C., Youngstown. O., assistant priest. The Rev. George Schorr, vice chan cellor. and the Rev Robert White, of St. Joseph Cathedral, Columbus, were masters of ceremonies. Also present were the Rt. Rev. Monsignors Roland T. Winel, Chancellor Edmund A. Burkley and H. E. Mattingly, all of Colum bus the Revs. Joachim Bauer. O P., and Urban Nagle, O.P., both of (Continued on Page 2) rap Jfc.. V 1^^***- Construction of a four-story west wing to St. Anthony’s Hospital, Co lumbus, will begin in mid-March, E. Faber Biggert. chairman of the building committee, announced this week. The red brick structure, which will cost $931,000 will add 120 beds to the hospital, bringing its total patient capacity to 300. The Advisory Board of Trustees awarded contracts to the Leo Ruis inger Co., Inc., 851 Frebis Ave., general contractors Sauer Co., Inc., 1183 Essex Ave. plumbing and heating and the Superior (NCWC News Service) WASHINGTON—An antidote for juvenile delinquency and sugges tions for improvements in interna tional relations and immigration v. ere proposed by the board of di rectors of the National Council of Catholic Women at its annual meeting here. The suggestions were contained in a statement adopted by the board at the closing of its three day meeting. Earlier the board members had accepted an invita tion from Bo ton's Archbishop Richard J. Cushing to hold the council’s next biennial convention in Boston in 1954 In every age of crisis for the Church, the Archbishop declared, the Lord has provided a means to cope with the crisis "This is the age of the laity.” he said "This is a God-given means today of coping with the crisis of our time Therefore we must have an informed and en lightened laity. Al! 24 members the board at tended the sessions, at which Mrs. William Dalton. Augusta. Me. national president, presided. The meeting was opened with a Mass in St Matthew’s Cathedral Among o’her highlights was a reception oi the board members of Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower at the White House, and a reception in honor of the board at the N CW head quarters building where the ses sions were held. The board voted to request the National Tuberculosis Association to place a picture of Christ on its seals which are distributed annual ly at Christmas time to make more intensive efforts to step up the national blood donor program on the local level: to cooperate close ly with the Treasury Department in the Defense Bond-a Month cam paign and to continue its program of cooperation with the N.C W.C. Education Department for bringing German and Austrian children to this country for a year of study and observation of the American way of Fife. In its statement of suggestions foi improvements on the national and international scenes, the board pointed out: “We in America are in a period of seeming prosperity There are times when this pros perity seems to have made us for get our obligations as Christians and citizens.” The statement said "our first obligation is to the home It de clared that "juvenile delinquency stems from adult delinquency’’ and consequently all adults have an obligation to encourage wholesome, moral lives, respect for marriage (Continued on Page 2) Plans Set For New St. Anthon v Addition Electric Engineering Co., 1144 Goodale Blvd. "Bids were so favorable.” Big gert said, "that we were able to change our original plans of com pleting only the first two floors of the new wing. The board had planned to spend $960,000 for only two stories.” He explained that the United Hospitals Building Fund will pro vide $155,000 in building the ad dition, The 61-year-old hospital al ready has received some $145,000 from the fund, which was used for a new heating plant and other Th* Catholic Times In Every Catholic Home Pries Ton Cents $3.00 A Yoar Mass To Open Ohio’s Sesqui In Chillicothe Ohio’s First Capital Is Chosen Scene Of Religious Celebration A Solemn Pontifical Mass offered by Bishop Michael J. Ready in Chillicothe, the first Capital of the State of Ohio, will inaugurate the year-long religious celebration of the State’s Sesquicentennial. Religious and civic leaders from all parts of the Diocese will be in attendance Sunday, March 1 Antidote For Juvenile Delinquency at 11 a m. at St. Peter church for the solemn ceremonies. The choice of St. Peter’s church in Chillicothe as the sight of the celebration was made to point up the long history of associated growth of the Catholic Church in the State from the very beginning of the history of Ohio. The records of the State show that the city of Chillicothe in Ross County uas founded in 1796 by Nathaniel Massie, a veteran of the Revolutionary War with other vet eran from Virginia. The Northwest Territory, com prising the States of Ohio, Michi gan. Indiana. Illinois and Wiscon sin had been established by Con gress in 1787 and in 1800, Chilli cothe* was made its Capital. In 1803. 150 years ago, Ohio was made a State with Chillicothe as its Capital, the city retaining this honor until 1810 and again during the period from 1812 until 1816 when the Capital was moved to its present cite at Columbus. In 1807 there were over forty Catholics in Chillicothe and the surrounding territory of Ross Coun'-' Under the date of Feb 1. 1807. Whalen Goodee and a Major Phillips wrote a letter to Bishop John Carroll of Baltimore petitioning that a priest be sent to min.- er to these people. No permanent pastor was ap pointed at that time but records show mans visits of priests to the \mong these uere Father Beued Flaget future Bishop of Bardstown and later Louisville. Ky and Father Stephen Badin in 1812 Later records show pastoral visits being made by Father Ed ward Dominic Fenwick, the emin ent Dominican missionary of the midwest and later Bishop of Cin cinnati, and his nephew, Father Nicholas Dominic Young, who ministered to the Catholics of the area until the Spring of 1818. From that time until 1836, the Dominican Fathers from Somerset. Perry Count.', tended the spiritual needs of the people. Records kept at St Peter's show the names of Fathers Alemany, Mazzuchelli and (Continued on Page 2) Father Dermodv Offers Requiem Mass For Parent The Rev. Ralph Dermody offered a Requiem High Mass in Cincin nati Tuesday. Feb. 10. for his father. John F. Dermody who died Feb. 7. Father Dermody is administrator of St. Theresas church, Wain wright. and St. Paul’s church in Midvale. The mass was celebrated at the Church of the Nativity in Cincinnati. Ohio. Surviving are his wife, Blanch, three daughters, Mrs. Leona Hover, B. Eileen Dermody, Patricia Der mody. and four sons. John J., James F.. Robert and Father Dermody. All but Father Dermody reside in Cincinnati. building improvements. In addition to providing more bed space, the structure will con tain a kitchen, cafeteria, dining rooms, and maintenance, storage and lecture rooms on the base ment level. Furnishings for the completed addition will cost ap proximately $29,000. St. Anthony’s administered main ly to indigent, aged and chronical ly ill patients, when it was built in 1891. Modern surgical and med ical facilities have been added, however, accommodating the acute ly ill patients as well. I________