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CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus, Ohio NOTICE Send All Changes of Address to P. 0. Box Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices 246 E Tow n Street. Columbus 15. Ohio Telephone* AOams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications fnr publication to O Box 636. Columbus 16. Ohio Pric* of The Cathol’e Til*** i« 13 per ye»r. All rakweriptwnf »hrrjM he presented ta our offie* threurb the pastors the parishes Remrttaneee should se msds payable to The Ceth alic Tun-s Aronymous eommur •eatione will he disregarded. We d« not hoW ourselves responsible for eny views or opinion’ expressed tn the rommunieations of our correspondents. Entered Second Claes Matter at Post Office. Columbus, Ohio. St Franris dr Sales Patron of the 'a'h e Frees and of the Pineeee of Columbus. Pray for Ca! This Paper Printed by Union Labor Decontrol of Wajics and Prices This past week saw the end of all wage and salary controls and of a good part of price controls with the promise that decontrol of all other prices would not be long coming. The action was hailed with jubilation by those who have always opposed any kind of restraint on our free economy and by others with the hope that it marked a return to a normal state of affairs where supply and demand could be expected to set a fair and just price. Naturally, there were some misgivings that the lifting of controls would result in an unconscion able increase in prices on the part ot some sellers. That remains to be seen. One of the obligations of a free economy is that its members exercise restraint and practice justice when there is no other force but their own con science telling them to do so. If they dont, the gov ernment has no alternative but to secure justice for all by some sort of control. We can expect that most sellers will exercise restraint in their new freedom and that the evil effects of the actions of the few who will not cooperate will not make neces sary a return to controls. Over the past twenty years the government has come to play a more widespread and intimate part in the economic life of the country. The lifting of controls does not and cannot mean that it is re jecting the role it has acquired in that period It can no longer do that. I^isse faire is not only an outmoded concept, it is impractical. Supply and demand can make a lot of decisions in a fair and just way but they cannot answer all the questions that have to he answered in an economy as complex as ours The complexity of our eco nomic enterprises the size and consequent power of the units involved make some overall direction necessary. It Is to invite chaos to leave the smooth running of nur economy to the impersonal forces of supply and demand Direction guiding and policing, when it is needed come from intelligent action When those who run the economy don’t offer it. experience has made abundantly clear that the government most. It would he too bad if the lessons of twenty years were lost in one day. The government lets those segments of the economy run themselves which are capable of dn ing «o In the field of wages and prices it is hoped that we have reached that stage. Charity: The ull Story Bishop Sheen has often done us the service nf recalling to our attention that we Catholics stand in danger nf falling into a common error in regard to nur charity He would have us remember that the object nf nur charity is not a case, known only by Its number, but rather a person. Ton often we look upon the poor, the helpless and the sick as unnecessary hints on our community, things to be removed or corrected even at the cost nf contributions from ourselves Much the same as holes in the road or refuse in the street. Some may object that this is over drawn, and in particular cases, it may he. 'loo many lines in the* drawing, however, hear ton great a resemblance tn the truth fnr us tn merely shrug the whole thing off with a grimance. We are not in any way disparaging the material support of the charitable protects set up in our communities under the auspices of Church or city government Not in the least What we arc saying is this: charity does not end there. Tn think it docs, to think that our obligation to our neighbor ends with mere monetary support is to mistake the word "money” for the definition of charity. The definition of charity is love love of God in Himself and in our neighbor The seven corporal and spiritual works of mercy are the blueprints for the practical application of this love among our fellow men One of the organizations offering the men nf the Diocese the opportunity nf applying themselves under direction tn the carrying nut of the precept of charity is the St Vincent de Paul Society Hardly two years old. the organization in this Diocese offers its members the opportunity ot aid ing the poor, the sick and the upnrcssed not only by their generosity hut also by direct contact with their suffering neighbors Thus the men of the Society have established an enviable record of visits to hospitals, rest homes and prisons: some teaching Catechism in those ame institutions and all this besides distributing food clothing and financial aid totalling $6734 This ia the heartening story of real charity Presently there are thirty three parish confer ences in the Diocese numbering 342 members This is the fart that makes their story stand out in hold relief And at the same time, drives home a telling point If these particular parish conferences with their relatively few number of men can establish such a record what a marvelous goal could he reached tn the Diocese if each Council in every parish was fully operative Seeing Is Believing? A favorite gimmick’’ of motion picture and TV producers is the use of different colored lights to produce strange and startling effects. Bathed in hues of solid purple, red or green, every day. com mon place objects are twisted entirely out of pin portion and become* terrifying, unnatural spectres Seeing things as they are demands a “whole light, if one composed of all the necessary seg ments of the spectrum which go to make up nur “Natural light When any one of the colors that gn tn make up our natural light becomes tno strong or tno weak we have as a result a presentation nf something that is not true. Very much the same thing happens when we view not objects hut ideas in the varying shades of color that are thrown upon them in the reports of the press of today. The total makeup of a person his hackground, his grasp of the fundamental principles nf morality and their bearing upnn the problems and questions of the day will “color” everything he •-ays or writes And viewing things, as we dn. through their “eyes” we stand the chance of seeing them dis torted. This is the reason that it is so important to have the facts bearing on the troubled world of today presented by those who can see them in the strong, white light of the teaching of the Church. That is the great service of the Catholic press. Those things which are most important in the lives of us all, religion, economics, education and the family, are fields wherein are rampant every conceivable form of error. The presentation and analyses of current events which are offered so frequently today are vastly misleading precisely .because of the light under which thev are seen. It is easy enough to know that what we are see ing is really there—what is difficult is being able to tell that it is not being distorted by the faulty light of some one’s interpretation. The absolute necessity of being able to view things in the light of Catholic principles can be seen from a statement of Blessed Pius X. It was he whn said, viewing the place of the Church in the modern world. “In vain will you found missions and build schools, if you are not able to wield the of fensive and defensive weapon of a loyal Catholic press!” Just Among Ourselves Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Radio, motion pictures, and television are three very powerful instruments of education. These agencies were designed for imparting information and giving pleasure, but their very nature involves the teaching function Producers and broadcasters come to entertain, but they remain to teach. De spite protestations and disclaimers, the three mod ern methods of steeping life in electronics and im ages exercise an incalculably great influence upon the tastes, the manners, the habits, and the morals of all our people. Notably, of course, this influence is felt among the young Now. notwithstanding the fact that good sense and experience are opposed to the policy of “there ought to be a law.” we are faced with the necessity of finding some means short of coercion of making new teachers accept the responsibilities as well as the functions of their teaching office. There must, of course, be freedom of expression.—of speech and of picture-making. But there is another freedom which has tn he respected, and upon which the freedom of expression cannot impinge without losing its character as a right and becoming an oppression. This other freedom is the right of every man to have respect, the right to live in peace of mind and soul without having his appreciation of human decencies outraged by what is publicly said or shown. Human right is limited by human right, not to mention the paramount claims of divine right. One man s right to do as he likes is limited by his neighbor’s light to live without being nagged, badg ered. or persecuted. II lorn has the right to freedom ot speech Dick and Harry have the right to an unoffended hearing. And the right that infringes upon an equal or superior right in another, ceases to be a right at all. If I own my house. 1 may do what I like with it. That is my right. But if I choose to burn my house, 1 find that my right ceases, because my next door neighbors have a right to live in their house with out the menace of destructive fire deliberately set. There has to he take as well as ptue. and ptue as well as take, in human relationships. Men have so cial duties as well as individual rights. For the balanced respect lor human rights which makes for decent and seemly living, civil laws are usually poor instruments, and are always instru ments of the last resort Men are expected to be rea sonable, since by nature they are rational. A neces sary ingredient in I he many factored scheme of so cial relations and responsibilities is. in addition to justice, the spirit of charity, of fairness, of self sacrificing generosity. If this spirit is lacking, it is vain to seek to establish it by enacting civil laws. Ir itself it is an enactment of the natural law, which is, a* St. Paul says "the law of God written in your hearts, your conscience hearing testimony.” Certainly, in the major matters of morals and the forming ol character, a tremendrtus responsi bility rests upon teachers, and hence upon the peo pie who bring us radio programs, and motion pic tures, and 'IV shows And there is a similar respon sibility. far less weighty but still important, incumb ent upon broadcasters and producers, for correct ly teaching minor things, such as speech habits, It is of this lesser, hut no means trivial matter that we wish particularly to speak. Consider the "aaaah" sound, introductory or in tcrjectional. which features the talk of our radio and TV incn. newscasters, panelists, and such. The cinema is not in this special discussion, nor are those TV shows and films which involve study and supervised rchenrsal We arc concerned now with the ad libbers and those who prepare their own scripts These arc the "aaah aaah” boys (and girls) without peer. Says a local TV newsman “Aaah. today we have ah quite a few ah important hits of news to bring you First of all ah. there was ah much ex citement this morning when ah some irresponsible oi intoxicated person turned in three fire-alarms in as many minutes. Aaah. or course, there was no ah fire at all The whole thing was-ah either a piece of ah weak minded clowning lat considerable ah ex pence Io ah taxpayers), or an instance of ah malic ions and ah criminal mischief.” You all know the kind of thing wp mean. There is not a more meaningless and distressed speech fault than the “aaah” habit. No habit is mnre easily contracted: none is overcome with more difficulty And surely there is no speech habit, short of indecency of language which is more offensive to hearers than this same "‘aaah” business. What accounts for this bad habit? It is. perhaps, the fact that a speaker who is slow of thought, or impoverished in the tools of expression feels that he must somehow hold the attention of his audience by making some sound while hr gropes for words or ideas’’ However the matter may he explained, it will hardly hc excused There is nothing that can justify a man in the unaccountable action of ad dressing his fellows by blatting at them like a sheep, or bawling at them like a cow. All teachers in schools know how prevalent the aaah habit is among pupils. Called upon tn recite, eight of ten pupils will invariably utter an "aaah” before saying an intelligible word. As the recitation proceeds, the pupil, groping in memory (or fancy) for the right thing to say. interjects many an “aaah” from want of knowledge or from sheer force of habit. Ur expect our public and universal teachers on radio and TV to help us all correct this bad habit, not to confirm us in it and tn teach it tn nur children Rut they arc nnt helping, far from it. These teachers arc the outstanding carriers of the "aaah” disease, and we seem helpless in the surging flood of their contagion. Up resent the action nf a person who coughs and sneezes in our very faces We should resent as much the public speaker who spews his inane aaah’s” into our ears. •ri"’ ’v THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1953 jf WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON—The prospect that Congress will take some ad ditional action to curb the spread of obscene reading mat ter and other materials seems brighter right now than it has for sonic time. This is largely due to the fact that the Senate Judiciary Com mittee has already acted—ear ly in the first session of the 83rd Congress to ••eport favorably a bill to prohibit the transpor tation of obscene matter in inter state or foreign commerce. The measure is identical with a bill passed by the Senate in the 82nd Congress, but upon which the House of Representatives did not act. It is fully expected that the Senate will again pass the bill, and since the Gathings Committee brought out some startling disclosures on this sub ject the House toward the close of the last Congress, there is stronger hope today that that body will act. and favorably, on this occasion. Incidentally, there has been introduced in th® House by Rep resentative Carroll D. Kearns of Pennsylvania a resolution to establish a select committee of the House which would study the extent to which obscene mat ter is sent through the mails and weigh the adequacy of existing law to combat this practice. “There can he no quarrel with the premise tha' the trafficking in such obscene matter on a com mercial basis should be discour LOL! IS I. HI DENZ Conviction of 13 Communist leaders at the second trial at Foley Square, New York, has sei off a wave of undue optimism among certain edit ors and o e nta tors. To read their accounts it would be thought that the Red con spiracy here is dead and done for A reading, day by day and week by week, of the Siahmte publica tions and directive sheets will bring about a more sober view. fe-.. The continued functioning of the conspiracy, as revealed in those pages, can only indicate direction from an underground Pohtboro. probably including some of those Reds who have become fugitives from justice. It also points to a thoroughly underground representative of Moscow supervising the entire proceedings a man of the type of Gerhart Eisler. Front*’ Now Rolt One of the chie» outward man ifestations of this subterranean direction is th*1 vigor of the Communist fronts They furnish current food for thought—and action. It must be remembered that during the H’tler Stalin pact period, the Red 'eadership here had prepared to make an import ant front of that time, the Amer lean Peace Mobilization, a re serve for the Communist Party should the party,be compelled to go complete’y underground More and more, something of that same nature is happening today The fronts, always trans mission belts for the Communist line, are becoming the open rep resentatives of the party, even though a few innocents among I Catholic Press Month A 1 Expect Curbs On Printed Filth OB i ■Bl :/Z V rlZr aged,” the Senate Judiciary Com mittee said in reporting Bill S. 10 favorably to the Senate. “Nothing good could come of the permitting .if such traffick ing in any possible way there fore, since the traffickers are aware of the loophole in the law permitting them to transport such matter in private convey ances, the door on such activi ties should be closed firmly by the enactment of this ball.” It is difficult for the average person to see how anyone could defend the practice of transport ing some of the obscene material that has come into the hands of Government investigators into this practice. And yet. there has heen per sistent and continuous opposi tion to congressional efforts to tighten the laws governing such things. Interference with the. “freedom of the press” and in vasion of personal rights and privacy have heen some of the arguments which have been put forth. Perhaps the strangest, and at times most disappointing, obstacle that has been interpos ed to congressional action have heen the jocular and even flip pant attitude which some secu lar newsmen have adopted in re porting congressional hearings dealing with law- against obscen ity The principal problem con fronting the committee was the number of articles the transpor tation nf which would create Don't Forget The Fronts their sponsors may be unaware of that development. The latest of these Red crea tions, the National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case, is working teverishly. It is getting into many organizations and areas of influence with its fantastic charge that the convic tion of the Rosenbergs for trea son is the result of ‘‘anti-Semi tism.” The committee has been able to gel around in this fash ion even though it is loaded doten with veteran Coyimunist frontiers, men and women whose affection for Communist causes should be well recognized by now. We note Rockwell Kent, who up to date has been a mem ber of fully 90 of those fronts and is also president of the Red Adjunct, the International Work ers Order. Also John Howard Lawson and Ring Lardner, Jr., who went to jail for contempt of Congress, members of the “Hollywood Ten In addition, among others, Howard Da Silva and Morris Carnovsky of the en tertainment industry and Philip Evergood, the w11 known artist. The names of these persons have appeared Hme after time, almost monotonously in the pag es of the House Committee on Un American Activities Mixing Thing* Up Many of the Older fronts are equally full of life The Nation al Council of the Arts. Sciences and Professions, which has been in the American scene since 1944. has recen'ly conducted a series of meetings "protesting” against the throwing of any searchlight on subversion in ra dio. television or the schools. In October it coutd boast that it had even persuaaed certain sec tors of the television and radio industry to close their eyes to subversion. It spoke proudly of its influence, to the same in .a* the presumption that they were being so transported and “are intended for sale or distribur tion,' says the report on the hill by the Senate Judiciary group. “While the committee does not mean tc justify or con done the possession and trans portation of even one of such articles, it necessarily must rec ognize that some persons do car ry on their persons one or more such articles without any thought of sale, resale, or to be shown or distributed to any in dividual under any circumstanc es. Of necessaty, the number raise the presumption nf hand ling on a commercial basis must he arbitrary.” The bill, therefore, provides that the transportation of two or more copies of any publica tion or any articles of a charac ter described in the bill, or a combined total of five such pub lications or articles are intend ed for sale or distribution.” But, it is specifically provided that “such presumption shall be re buttable.” All of this tends to illustrate the difficulties that attend ef forts to curb a practice which the Department of Justice told the last Congress aggravates the juvenile delinquency problem, creates racial tensions, works with the white slave traffic, and incites to the commission of sex crimes and othei acts of immor ality and vice. tent and effect, upon the Au thors’ League Radio Script Writers Guild and other forces in the television and radio fields. The theater and TV actor John Randolph even went so far, through the council, to call for a strike in defense of those ac cused of subversion That pro posal follows the pattern of mix ing things up. at which the Com munists and their friends are so apt. It would give the appear ance of a "labor issue” to some thing which is quite to the con trary. The Daily Worker, speaking for the underground Politburo, was not content with that try al confusion. It went farther, in connection with the National Council’s campaign to protect subversives in the schools, by de claring that the whole McCarran investigation was “a massive con spiracy” by the Catholic Church “to discredit and cripple public education” The Big Lie involv ed in such a contention could be proved by a score of arguments and facts, but that does not deter the Communists from seeking to take advantage of prejudice and tnus win allies, if possible, in anti v'atbolic circles. This is only the beginning of the story of the Communist fronts. The American Commit tee for the Protection of the Foreign Born is very busy seek ing to keep Communist aliens in this country, ft has always been a standby for Red agents like Eisler and is still at its old game. We can be confident that the government, particularly advised by our alert FBI. is aware of the injury to American security from these fronts What is re quired is a strong voice from the citizens of this country, giving support and encouragement to the government to take steps toward ending these activities. INQUIRY CORNER Did The Savior Teach Eternal Punishment? Did the kind Saviour teach eternal punishment^ A. In describing the Last Judg ment Christ said that: “Then he will say to those on his left hand, ’Depart from me. accursed ones, into the everlasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels.” (Matthew 25.41) In other places He refers to it (Mark 9:42: Luke 16:25-26) and it is contained in many other scriptural references (Isais 51:24 Daniel 12:2 2 Thessaloni ans 1:7-9 Jude 1:6-8 Apocalypse •14:11). Christ shows striking kindness and mercy for the re pentant. Those who died reject ing Him remain fixed by their own self-centered choice. No one makes this choice without reject ing numerous graces and kind nesses. God will not force his free creatures to choose Him. Q. Is not the Communion Service symbolic? Surely Catholics do not believe that Christ’s real flesh and blood are present tn the Sacrament? A. The Catholic Sacrament is not merely symbolic. Catholics believe that Christ is really present as truly as He was in the stable at Bethlehem or on the Cross. It was difficult for many to accept the Carpenter from Nazareth as the Son of God. They saw a man who look ed like other men and found it hard to accept his invisible divi nity. Likewise it is difficult to see an even humbler appearance mere bread and wine, and accept the real presence of Christ in Holy Communion. Catholics believe in it because it is taught by the Church which speaks for Christ. They have bountiful evidence in the universal accept ance of this doctrine until the sixteenth century by ail Christ ians. In the Sacred Scriptures too there is evidence. (Matthew 26:26-28 John 6:52-54 I Corin thians 10:16, 11:27-29). The sixth chapter of St. John (6:35 70) shows clearly the difficulty of the doctrine as Christ taught it and His insistence upon the “hard saying” even to the loss of His disciples Q. Was St. Timothy an Irish saint? A. There are a number of saints of that name. None listed in the .“Book of Saints” are Irish. The outstanding saint of that name was a convert and disciple of Saint Paul. He was horn at Lystra in Asia Minor. His moth er was a Jewess but his father was a pagan. St. Paul made him RICHARD PATTEE In speaking here and there around the country about France and its present situation, I have observed that there is a deep rooted feeling among our peo ple or at least that seg ment of our people who al low themselves to be seduced into listening to lectures that France is the weak link in an other wise resurgent Europe that it is high time something be done about it, else we are to be faced with a declining France incapable of pulling its weight in the long haul ahead toward a greater European integration. One gets the impression that stability is associated in the minds of many Americans with a government that remains in office for a fixed period of time, no matter what happens that government remains on the job until its constitutional mandate expires. To those who are condi tioned to our ways of govern ment. there is something discon certing in this business of a French government cast out at the precise moment when events reach a periodic crisis. How oft en 1 head the question, “Why does France pass through a per iod of no government precisely when a crisis arises?” The an swer. obviously, is that the over throw of a government is the re sult of a crisis. If there were none there would be no reason for asking for a vote on a de cisive issue. Stability Mid Instability Now I do not intend to un dertake here an analysis of the intricacies of French politics. The system, viewed externally, offers much to criticize. The com posite mosaic of parties, the la borious efforts to build a tem porary and precarious coalition, the necessity for constant re shuffling to get a favorable vote in the Chambers—all this is alien to the American and. for that matter, to the British tradition. On the otfcer hand, certain fea tures of the French arrangement that tend to modify somewhat a first impression of anarchy should be considered. 1 believe it was Robert Schu man—and he ought to know— who remarked once that there is a curious stability in the midst of French instability. Shifts and changes of government may -be galling to persons dealing with France but. within the scheme of things, this is a normal oper bishop of Ephesus and address ed him in two of his New Testa ment Epistles. About the year 97 A.D. the infuriated worship pers of the great idol, Diana of the Ephesians, stoned him to death. His feast day is January 24th. Must a convert to the Catho lic Church condemn. Protestant* and others? In the ceremony I read there was a promise to condemn and reprove all that the Church has condemned and reproved.” A. The Catholic Church does not condemn any person of any faith. Ideas and practices which are against faith and morals are condemned. Positively it means that Catholics must be lieve what Christ teaches and live as He commands. Teachings contrary to His are condemned by the Church as they were by St. Paul: "But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel to you other than that which we have preached to you, let him be anathema!” (Gala tians 1:8). The fact that they are many religions holding dif ferent, often contradictory, doc trines about God is not true free dom. The idea that they are all true—including those who hold that Christ is divine and those who hold that He is merely hu man is not logical. Catholics believe that there is only one true Church and all claimants are false but one. We are tol erant and pray for those who do not have the true one. Q. Can unbaptized babies go to heaven? A. Heaven, seeing God face to face, is a supernatural place and state granted by God freely. The conditions are relatively few and simple. No one has a right to heaven. The “impossible” privi lege rests on God’s promises and the few conditions. The mini mum is baptism. “Unless a man be born again of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.” (John 3:5). Without supernatural life man does not have the capacity to enjoy heaven. For adults there is baptism of desire or of blood. It is commonly taught that un baptized infants enjoy natural happiness. God loves them, as He does all men. more than we do, so we are wrong to suspect Him of cruelty. Clearly they cannot go to heaven, but we know they will not be punished as they have done no wrong. The Case Of France ation Government—that is, the responsible officialdom that runs affairs may change and does change wdth extraordinary fre quency, but underneath this shift and reorientation there is a continuity that should not be overlooked. Pertonalifie* Only When Pinay gave up office and Mayer took over, or when Schuman left the Foreign Of fice and Bidault came in, there was nothing comparable to the shift from Truman to Eisenhow er—or, for example, if Church ill were to step down tomorrow in favor of Aneurin Bevan. Per sonalities change, but policy and institutions do not. It is well to note that as hazardous as the last crisis was, and unfortunate in shaking confidence in a coun try badly in need of confidence, there was no real movement away from the basic ideas that have dominated French politics and international thought since the war. Schuman has ceased to be foreign minister, but his suc cessor George Bidault belongs to the same political party (MRP) and reflects the same views as his predecessor. In point of fact Bidault may be con sidered in many ways as the ex act reflection nf Schuman, of vice versa, in everything that hears on French responsibilities in the world today It can hardly be maintained that since this rearrangement nf the cabinet a new party line has been intrnduced and that hencefnrth French international action becomes quite unpredic table The French sum it up in a somewhat trite phrase but one that defines the situation antlv: Plus ca change, plus ca reste Id meme chose—“The more things change, the more then remain the same.” Far Let* Painful Georges Bidault,. now at the helm of foreign affairs, has been on the job in one or another capacity since 1944. This is con tinuity with change if there ever was a case of it. Moreover, each reallocation of ministries does not mean that every last civil servant goes out of office and a whole new administration takes over The transition in French af fairs when one government leaves and another comes in. is certainly less painful than that which has just taken place with us and of which everyone is ex tremely proud. In France the permanent secretaries, the rank and file of employees go on re gardless of who may be the min ister. And not only that, but it is almost certain that even the minister who leaves hi? job may be expected reasonably to re turn again within the next five or six crises.