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Support Your Catholic Press Vol. II, No. 21 During the season of Lent, churches throughout the world are the scenes of special devotions. One of the most popular devo tions shared by the entire congre gation is the Way of the Cross. The object of the Stations is to help the faithful make in spirit a pilgrimage to the chief scenes of Christ s sufferings and death. In 1742. Benedict XIV' exhorted all priests to enrich their churches by installing the stations so that all the faithful could partake in the ceremony and gain the many indul gences attached to the devotion. Prior to that time, the Way of the Cross was limited only to the affiliates of the Franciscan Order. There is no devotion more richly endowed with indulgences than the Way of the Cross, and none which enables us more literally to obey Christ’s injunction to take up our cross and follow Him. A perusal of the prayers usually given for this devotion will show what abundant spiritual graces apart from the indulgences, may be obtained through a right use of them, and the tact that the Sta tions may he made either publicly or privately in any church renders the devotion specially suitable for all. Pictured here is the 12th station at St. Patrick s church, Columbus. Father Delauney, Noted Preacher, Dies In Portland A Solemn Requiem Mass will be aung Monday, Feb. 23, at Notre Dame for Rev. John B. Delauney, C.S.C., dean of men and head of the department of Psychology at the University of Portland, Ore gon. who died Feb. 16. He was known in the diocese of Columbus for the clergy retreats he gave here in recent years. On many occasions, he preached dur ing special services in St. Joseph’s cathedral and other churches in Columbus. In addition. Fr. De launey conducted retreats in many of the diocesan high schools. He was a noted author, educa tor and preacher known chiefly for his work in India where he founded a seminary for native clergy in Eastern Bengal. Fr. Delauney was born in France where he entered the Congrega tion of the Hely Cross in 1902. He subsequently was expelled from his native land during the religious persecution in 1903. From France, he came to the United States as a teacher. Shortly thereafter he went to India. Upon his return from India, he nerved for many years as editor of the Bengalese, Holy Cross monthly mission magazine. He was then appointed to the faculty of the University of Portland, the position he held at the time of his death. New Papal rJ? A Take Up Your Cross And Follow Me Committee Members Named For Library Ass’n Meeting Here Committee members for the twenty-seventh Conference of the Catholic Library Association have been named. The meeting will take place at the Deshler-Wallick Hotel in Co lumbus April 6-10. The theme of the convention will be “The Commonwealth and the Common Good.” Committee members were an nounced by Sister Mary Ruth. O.P.. chairman of the Columbus unit of tlc Association and chairman of the local arrangements commit tee. Lodging and hospitality will be taken care of by the Rev. Anthony Kleinschmidt, Josephinum College librarian, and Robert Holzinger, as sociate professor of journalism at Ohio State University, co-chairmen of the committee. Other members of the committee include Rev. James Kulp, diocesan ci'iector of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. Rev. Ur ban Nagle. O.P., chaplain at St. X,"- Mary’s of the Springs, Sister Laur ella C.S.C., librarian of the School of Nursing at Mt. Carmel Hospital. Also on the lodging committee aie Sister Dilecta, O.S.F., librar ian at Holy Rosary High School. Co lumbus Sister Josephine. O. P., principal of St. Francis High School. Columbus Sister Michelle, of St. Cyprian’s school, and Miss Helen Corbett, proprietor of the Catholic Book Shop. The members of the Registration Committee are Mrs, Lee Kelly, chairman, reference department of tne State Library Miss Rosemary Mackinaw, children librarian at the Mansfield Public Library Mrs. V Wilshire, assistant librarian at the Clintonville Branch ol the Public Library Miss Regina Green, parish librarian at St. Mary’s church, Columbus. Other members of the Registra tion Committee include Miss Ce cilia Butler, assistant librarian at St. Mary of the Springs Mrs. R. Fitzwater. Association member. Mrs. Karl Zeller. St. Mary of the Springs, faculty member and Miss Alice Saile. Association member. Information and Membership Committee members are Sister M. Candida. O.S.F.. chairman, prin cipal of St. Mary’s High School. Coumbus. and vice-chairman of the Columbus unit of the Catholic Li biary Association Sister Stella Maris. O. P., Editor of The Catholic Book-List and librarian of St. Ca tharine’s College. Kentucky and (Continued on Page 2) Philippines Lack Priest* Latest Reports Reveal LIPA, Philippines (NC) The Catholic Philippine Republic has fewer priests in proportion to the faithful than such mission coun tries as India and Japan, according to the country’s new Catholic Di rectory. It indicates that while 82 per cent of the Philippines’ 19.500. 000 people are Catholics only 2.500 diocesan and regular priests are stationed in the islands a ratio of one priest for every 6,300 Catho lics. Ent|oy Consecrated i The ninth American citizen to serve in the foreign diplomatic service of the Holy See, the Most Rev. Celestine J. Damiano (center), 41-year-old native of Dunkirk, N.Y., was consecrated Titular Arch bishop of Nicopolis in Epirus and named Apostolic Delegate to South Africa. Bishop Joseph A. Burke, Buffalo, acted as consecrator in the notable ceremony which took place in St. Joseph's Cathedral, Buffalo, N. Y. .Following the ceremony, Archbishop Damiano is shown (center) with his co-consecrators, Archbishop John F. O'Hara, C.S.C., of Philadelphia (left), and Auxiliary Bishop Lee R. Smith of Buffalo. (NC Photo) fi FWSP A rr?o nTVT^TAM I Three Re-elected To St. Francis Advisory Board All members of the advisory board of St. Francis Hospital were re-elected lor another term at their recent annual meeting. At the same time Sr. M. Ferdi nand. supervisor of the hospital, announced that the $100,000 im provement program is completed. The program included the installa tion of a lire sorinkling system, the erection of the three fire es capes, installation of doors on in terior stair wells and the razing of the old Dispensary Building. Officers of the advisory board who were reelected are Joseph E. Ryan, attorney, chairman, George Doersam. vice chairman and Law rence T. Murnane secretary. The Rex. William E Kappes, Di ocesan Director of Charities and Hospitals, is the groups spiritual adviser. Other members of the board in clude Herbert Albers. George Igel, sr., Jack Jaeger, Edward Moriarty, John E. Stevenson Walter Schnei der. Walter Strickfadden and Jack E. Warner, all of Columbus. -------------------o------------------- Heart \ltark Proves Fatal To Pastoral Review Editor NEW YORK —(NC)— Solemn Requiem Mass for Thomas J. Ken nedy, managing editor of the Homi letic and Pastoral Review, monthly magazine for priests, since 1924, was offered in Holy Name Church here. Mr. Kennedy died (Febru ary 4) of a heart attack. This Warsaw action comes on the heels of a stepped-up campaign against the church and parallels the sweeping legislation passed by Red Czechoslovakia in the fall of 1948 and similar decrees passed in Hungary later. Both the Czechoslovak and Hun garian regimes had seized com plete authority in the administra tion of the Church in those coun tries. They not only demand state ap pioval for all church offices and an oath of loyalty, but they have also usurped the right to transfer priests from one parish to another. Polish communist newspapers slated almost a year ago that the regime would demand an oath of loyalty from all new Bishops and clergymen acting as Bishops. Sev eral of the new Vicars Capitular reportedly took the oath of loy alty before assuming office. Th* stepped-up propaganda cam paign against the Church has been particularly virulent in its denun ciations of th* Hierarchy. Impris oned Archbishop Eugene Baziak of Lwow and the late Cardinal Adam Catholic Cnnu|M Oppose I nconditional Welcome^ Bv Queen, Churchill LONDON —(NC)- When Thbo communist dictator of Yugoslavia, comes to London next month he vill be entertained bv the Queen at Buckingham Palace, it was an nounced here. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister, will give a dinner in his honor at Number 10 Downing street, his official London re si dence. Foreign Secretary Anthonv Eden—who was responsible for the visit— will hold a lunch for him and the Yugoslavs will in return stage a sumptuous banquet for diplomatic corps. Government and other British leaders at their own embassy. This is more than was expected when Eden originally announced that Tito had been Invited here on an “unofficial” visit. But ap parently the Foreign Secretary had gone out of his way to create a special procedure for the com munist dictator which makes it possible for him to be entertained by the Queen and still have his visit classed as unofficial.” According to diplomatic pro cedure Tito—who has been voted the title of President and therefore head of the Yugoslav State—could not make an official, or state, visit to Britain before the corona tion of the reigning sovereign. Had his visit been official the communist dictator would have stayed at Buckingham Palace as the guest of the Queen. In preparation tor Tito's Lenten visit two first-class pamphlets des cribing his significance and history have been issued for general cir culation by Catholic groups in Britain. One. “Tito and the Catholic Church.” by Michael Derrick, as sistant editor of the Tablet and N. C. W. C. News Service con tributor. outlines the dictator’s practical attitude towards Christ ianity and particularly towards Cardinal Stepinac. It is issued by the Sword of the Spirit, an organ ization for fighting anti-Christian materialism. The other, “The Truth About Tito," lists his crimes against the Church, his political duplicity, and questions the wisdom of the western help now being given to strengthen a communist regime. It is published by the Catholic Social Guild. The executive of the Federation of Associations of Catholic Trade Unions passed a resolution at their monthly meeting voicing alarm at “the unconditional welcome” being offered Tito by the British right wing government. It called on Mr. Eden to make clear to Tito the concern felt by so many British people at the totalitarian control of the trade union movement in Yugoslavia and at his attack on religion. Polish Decree Requires State Approval For All Church's Appointments LONDON (NC) A decree issued in Warsaw says all Bishops, Auxiliary Bishops and priests fulfilling some of the duties of a Bishop must have the approval of the National Presidium, Poland s ruling body. All lower church appoint ments must be approved by the presidium's provincial councils. This Polish decree demanding state approval of all Church ap. pointments, reported here, follows the pattern of outright interfer ence in all Church affairs already piacticed in neighboring commun ist countries. 3 he decree also states that the regime must approve the creation or abolition of any Church posts rr any change in their scope. All persons holding church offices must take an oath of allegiance to the people’s republic.” Sapieha of Cracow were charged by th* Warsaw Radio with having "deliberately abused religion for political purposes hostile to the Polish people." Archbishop Baziak. the broad cast charged, drew “political in spiration from such a poisonous, anti-Polish source as the Vatican.” It added: “His attitude does not represent an isolated case. On the contrary he has imitators among men occupying high ecclesiastical posts in Poland The Church Hierarchy is directed against the national front, against the inter ests of Catholics.” o------------------- East Germany’s “Christian Party*’ Shows Red Taint BERLIN, Germany—(NC) The complete communist domination of the Soviet Zone 'Christian Demo cratic Party” was again evidenced by a statement here proclaiming that the party’s task is to remove “all bourgeois embellishments of the capitalistic era of Christianity.” Declaring that “all Christians can be convinced of the need of socialist construction.” the party said its bitterest battle is against all “hostile tendencies and those attempting to use Christianity for camouflaging their propaganda” against the communist regime. In the same breath, the party proclaimed its ndherence to “a genuine and conscientious Chris tianity.” iic catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, February 20, 1953 British Set To Roll Out Rug For Red Boss Catholic Book Week Poster CATHOLIC^ THE TRUTH SMALL MAKE YOU FREE K Hundreds of public libraries as well as Catholic libraries in th* United States will feature the above official poster distributed by the Catholic Library Association. The week will be appropriately observed February 22-28, climaxing Catholic Press Month. (NC Photos) Communist Party Defeated In Recent Indian Balloting Surprising Success Of Nehru’s Congress Party Greatly Aided By Catholic-Backed Group By E. J. Antony (Correspondent, N.C.W.C. New* Service) TRIVANDRUM India Recent municipal elections in the leading cities of Travancore-Cochin In dia s most Christian State—have brought complete defeat to the communists at the hands of Neh ru's Congress Party. In losing its former city strong holds. the Communist Party in Travancore-Cochin has suffered one of the worst election defeats in its history. So dramatic was the success of the Congress Party that its leaders are now talking in terms of a state general election which they believe would considerably weaken, if not destroy, the present communist strength in the state legislature. Observer* her* teid that on* of th* main reasons for the Red rout was the campaign waged by the Catholic-sponsored Anti-Communist Front, which wes organized after th* surprising victories of the communists in last year's general election. Another big reason for the com munist defeat, observers agreed, have been the no’eworthy achieve ments of the state government headed by Catholic Chief Minister A. J. John, which have helped to restore lagging confidence in the Congress Party. Meanwhile, the Communist Par ty is frankly baffled by reversals which have left it in a depleted condition, with its top leaders de feated either by Congress Party men or independent candidates. The communists' defeat in Al leppey, Quilon and other coastal cities is in stark contrast to th* result* of the last general elec tions. All these areas voted over whelmingly in favor of commun ist candidate* at that time. In the district of Alleppey, in particular, the success of the communists was breath-taking, and was largely re sponsible for th* Congress Party's narrow majority in the Stat* Legis lature. The recent elections in Alleppey. however, have changed the whole picture. Top communist leader R. Sugathan. who swept the polls in the general election, suffered a crushing defeat in his home con stituency here. The comunists met another woe ful defeat at Quilon. known here as the “Moscow of Malabar The Con gress Party secured 29 of the 32 seats. The same story was repeated at Trivandrum, the capital city, where the Reds appeared under their new Catholic U. Dean Named To Head Canon Law Group WASHINGTON (NC) Dr. Brendan F. Brown, dean of the Catholic University Law School, has been appointed to head a sub committee on canon law in prepara tion for the International Congress of Comparative Law to be held in Paris in August of 1954. The congress will be held under the auspices of the International Academy of Comparative Law. device, the Democratic Front. In the cities of the Trichur Dis trict. the downfall of the commun ists and the resurgance of the Con gress Party were especially note worthy. In the five municipal councils of Mattancherry. Ernaku lam, Alwaye, Parur and Innjalaku da. the Congress Party vas return ed with a two-thirds majority. Meanwhile, the Kerala Socialist Party, one of the two Marxist groups which joined hands with the communists to form the United Leftist Front of the last general election, was completely routed in the district. In the city of Trichur itself. 29 of the 32 seats were secured by Congress Party candidates. The Communist Party managed to get only a single seat while the last Elections it secured about 7.000 more votes than the Congress group. DOVER—For the second year in a row. a St. Joseph’s High School student has won first prize in the annual Tuscarawas County Tuber culosis and Health Association es say contest. Jeri May Fete, daughter of Mr. anil Mrs. Norbert J. Fete of Front st.. Dover, won $15 for her paper which will he entered in a state contest. She was awarded the prize by Walter Fagley. treasurer of the association. The seconu place winner was a Tuscarawas High School student and third place went to another St. Joseph’s student. Patricia Henry. 7nefi papers, too. will be entered in the state contest. The first of these appeals, in be half of the Indiah and Negro Mis sions of the United States will be made the first Sunday of Lent. February 22. This is in accordance with a prescription of the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore. The Diocete of Columbus will share directly in the fruit* of this general collection for the Indians and Negroes of the country, there being approximately SC,000 Negro es in the Diocese, two per cent of whom are Catholic. They are be ing served chiefly by St. Dominic and St. Cyprian parishes in Co lumbus. Nationally, the “priestless coun ties” of the South, notably Georgia and Mississippi, will be aided by the collection as well as the Indian missions in the West and those to the Eskimos in Alas ka. The personel of the Indian Mis sions numbers 222 priests, 519 Sis ters. 86 brothers and 100 lay cat echists. Under “Negro Missions” are entire counties in the South and West which depend almost en tirely on this collection for their yearly support. Their personnel is made up of many Diocesan priests and religious orders who are devoted solely to the work of converting the Negroes of the United States. Here in the Diocese of Colum bus the Immaculate Heart of Mary Bishop Read} Will Confirm At Two Newark Parishes NEWARK The Sacrament of Confirmation will be conferred by Bishop Ready in this city’s two parishes Sunday Feb 22. The ceremony will take place in St. Francis de Sales church at 3:00 p.m. and at Biessed Sacrament church at 7:30 p. m. Dover Girl Wins TB Essay Contest There were 23 entries from the schools in the county. Background information for the essay was provided by Paul Mico, health educator employed by the Association. It consisted of a TB nu.vie. an address, distribution of literature, a field trip to the Tus carawas County Sanitorium and free miniature chest X-rays for stu dents at Union Hospital. Miss Fete’s winning essay was entitled. “What TB Means to Me.” In it, she brought out the fact that tuberculosis is a social disease and that extreme precautions should be taken to avoid contrac tion of the killer. The Catholic Time* In Every Catholic Home Price Tan Cants $3.00 A Year Poor Of World Wait On A our Lenten Charity Annual Diocesan Collections To Bring Relief To Needy Millions The traditional Diocesan Lenten appeals were announced this week by Bishop Ready in a letter to all pastors of the Diocese. The three collections will be taken up in all the churches and chapels of the Diocese on the first, second and fourth Sundays of Lent. They are the collections for Indian and Negro missions, the Peter- Pence and the Bishops’ Emergency Relief Fund. Two other special appeals were made by the Bishop to the grade school and high school children of the Diocese. Noting that it is a “tradition in the Diocese to set aside three Sundays in Lent for special col lections and the giving of alms.” the Bishop emphasized that this “is a pious practice which should assist all in observing well this season of mortification and char ity.” Mi-sioner- dexotp their efforts to thi- work in St Cyprian and St Dominic parishes. Their zealous labors aided by the prayers and contributions of the devoted peo ple of the Diocese accounted for the baptism of 44 converts during the past year. Inquiry classes are offered every evening during the week and the Missioners report a notable in crease in the number of young people, principally high school stu dents. who come for instructions. At present one hundred non Catholic children are attending St Dominic school while 97 are en (Continued on Page 2) Major Faiths Hit Indecent Literature MANCHESTER. N. fNC) Members of the three major Re ligious faiths have united in a statewide campaign against ob scene literature. Bishop Matthew F. Brady of Manchester issued instructions for all New Hampshire Catholics to face the problem The New Hamp shire Council of Churches an nounced,that it already had assur ed Bishop Brady “that it will gladly provide representatives to meet with those from his diocese, leadei s of civic groups, educational and law enforcement authorities, to determine way- and means of dealing with this great problem.” In a special letter sent to all Protestant clergy the council ex pressed the hope ‘that Jewish, Catholic and Protestant people might unite in an endeavor to re place the indecent literature with decent publications.” The letter pointed out: “Bishop Matthew F. Brady expressed the 'ame hope recently when he desig nated this as Catholic Bible Week The state council is convinced that this vicious traffic reaches in communities all over the state al though most decent people least expect it to be true of their own. The council therefore urges each minister to acquaint his people with the possibility of this evil be ing present in their community.” 1 1^5 She outlined the general safety rules as set down by the TB asso ciation: 1. Get plenty of sleep, at least eight hours. 2. Don’t get overtired. 3 Eat the proper foods. Cut down on these malts and that candy. 4 Observe the rules of cleanli ness. Be especially careful in re gard to the use of public lavator ies. 5. Last, but not least, have an annual physical checkup, including a chest X-ray. Result The “Tubercle Bacillus” will be a foreigner in our domain.