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THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE Send All Changes of Address to P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street. Columbus 15, Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 A Da ms 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. O Rox 636 Columbus 16, Ohio St. Fr»nru Patron of the Cathobe Pre»» This Paper Printed by I mon Labor Interesting Bills The Regular Session of the 100th General As sembly reconvened on Tuesday, February 24. The floodgates were immediately opened for the intro duetion of Bills and, to date. 257 Bills have been in troduced the House and 57 in the Senate The House also re-extended the deadline for the intro duction of Bills until March 30th. One of the few Bills to be printed to date is R. 10. which is the General Appropriation Bill for the biennium beginning July 1. 1953, and ending June 30. 1955 This Bill, 244 page4 in length gives the breakdown &s to where the $826 172 311 will he spent Since members of the O.E the “Governor's stinginess. how much of the appropriat educate the people of Ohio. 1—Department Of Education Division of Film Censorship 5 Division of Institutional laundry total appropriation4 of in the next two years. A. are complaining of it is interesting to note on will be expended to Division of State Library Division of Public Instruction Division ot School Finance ...... 221 State School for the Blind State School for the Deaf Division of Special E.ducation .... 3 Division of Teacher Training Division of Vocational Education 1 Division of State Board for Vocational Rehabilitation TOTAL 2—Universities Bowling Green Kent State Miami Ohio University Ohio State University a) Ohio State Univ. Agricultural Ext b) Ohio Agricultura Exp. Station Total—-OS.L’. Central State College (Wilberforce 105,070.00 52,106.00 600,044.00 403.740 00 .688.138.00 640.454.00 969 588 00 ,446,688.00 64,176.00 359,940.00 360.000 00 $229 6R9 944 00 $ 4.698,052.00 6.211,308.00 5.957,1 R0 00 5 R2R 406 00 $33,525,993 2,311,450 37,052,951.00 1.960,968 00 TOTAL (Universities) 61,708.865.00 GRAND TOTAL $291,398,809.00 This, of course, docs not include monies that will he spent by the Di\iion of Audio Visual, which derives its funds from the censoring, etc. of motion pictures nor monies received from the Federal Gov ernment for the Division o| Vocational Education, nr the Division of State Board lor Vocational Re hahilitation. or Division of School Planning. It does not include the monies expended by the Division of Scholarship Tests, which are received from the sale and distribution of tests «:nd related educational materials fees anil Rifts for educational rhe construction of school in needy school districts, nor monies raised on the local levels by special bond issues .... but the O.E.A. is still not act isfied Four other Rills, introduced respectively'by Son ator Charles J. Carney (Dem. Youngstown) and Representatives William S Rurton (Rep, lovoland), Joseph Avollone -Dem Cleveland) and Michael J. Damas (Dem Toledo), pertain to Fair Employ ment Practices Six Bills, introduced respectively by Senctors Arthur Blake (Dem., Martins Ferry) and Charles Carney (Dem Youngstown- and Representatives Roland Bright (Dem Ixigan), Frederick Rowers (Rep Davtoni, Richard Woods (Rep., Cleveland) and Frank Gorman (Dem. Cleveland), pertain to various increased aids r.nd benefits to the aged One Rill which will he nf particular interest tn charitable religious spastic and crippled children s organiEEtinn* is that which was introduced hv Rep resentative Robert W Reuter (Dem Port lintont. This Rill 178 intends tn end the redemption value of used sales tax stamps It is one of the six teen Rills presented on behalf of Governor Lausche's program If this Bill is passed these organizations will he deprived of many benefits which they have enjoyed due tn the income received from cancelled silos lax stamps Ha* (Jiristianil v bailed? There are 457 300.00** members of the atholic Church scattered throughout the world Back of such cold figures is a long record of sacrifices and praver Twenty centuries of effort in spreading the teachings of Jesus hrist have brought the total to such an impressive figure During ell those eras of glorious success and of dismal failure the story has always been one of pci secution and sacrifice It could not he otherwise: Did not Our Lord toll u- that we cannot expect to he His followers unless vve take up the Cross be hind Him' Rut when th going seemed most ditfi !Ult. w hen 1 ng most pi uas then put intn the The chai hs great he tune* some out Back ished A iring those twenty cen were completely wiper ury Christianity flour \iiBuslinc hut this i faith in far off China and Jan But hla success was short lived, doomed not to he renewed for manv long decade* Yes the story of progre** in the spreading nf Christ’s Church i a glorious one And its greatest glory was the nhenominal success of the little hand nf followers who received the command to go and teach all nrtmns directi'’ from the lins of the Mas ter That was twenty centuries ago The command of Christ has rung in the cars of countless men and women front that Ha*’ to this, with the result that todav there are 457 300.000 Catholics in the world A greet stnrv yes.—-exernf for the fact that this represents a little 1r*« than 20 per cent of the total nonul’tion of the world huh stands at 2 368 000 non Tvventv centuries and less than one-fifth have come tn Chrct's own Church’ Can we believe that He is nlea«ed with this that Hr look* unon it as success** Onr thing i* certain Christ’s tercF'ing* have not failed hut many of His followers have failed him The Lenten Paradox After a little over two weeks of Lenten fasting and penance, the groans of the self-made martyrs are fading aw y. The gullible, worldling, hastening in the obvious conclusion, might attribute the slack ening din to the weakness brought on by these sillyt practices imposed by the Church in the “dark ages.” The happy, fasting Christian knows different. He is experiencing within himself the proof of Christ's doctrine that only by dying to self can we live for God. Putting aside for moment his mock heroics, the Christian is proving again that paradox that mortification is really Vivification. The I^enten season of fasting and penances and special prayer has this special lesson for us all. It is a very important lesson and one thet can only he learned by doing. Nothing can replace penance in our lives. It is one of the conditions of getting to heaven. Without it, we're really out. Only those who persevere in their Lenten resolu tions can prove to themselves Christ's solemn assur ance: “My burden is sweet and light.” Just Among Ourselves Raising Comment Considered or Inconsiderate 7 he season of Lent is a season of special graces and spiritual opportunities. Not that God is more generous in this cluster of weeks. God is never more generous, for His generosity is boundless in every season, and indeed at every instant, l^ent, under the urging ot the hurch and by efforts we are reluct antly made to,exert, is a time when we are more likely than at other times to open our hearts to the influence ot grace. A profitable and heart-opening thought for this time, and indeed for any time,—is the thought of our business in being alive. We are so beset with noisy claims on our attention that this useful thought has little chance in our workaday lives. Business, pleasure, scrabbing for subsistence, aches and pains, alarums and diseursions make the av erage American life a kind of mental brawl. Ser ious thinking about matters of eternal import is effectively blocked out. And, to add to the upheaval and disturbance, we have an endless clamor of the advertiser, the wail oi the prophet of doom, the happy quackery ot the social optimist, and the con stant fret about security”. It’s a noisy world to try to think in. But we must think. It is of paramount import ance. Our Mother the Church tries hard to give us a chance to do it. Hence we have such things as liCnten devotions. It we do not get a practical hold on the real purpose ot existence, vve cannot make a success ot lite. It vve pay all attention to the business ol being “secure” for a tew lading years, vve have one left lot arianging the eternal security tor hich we were made, and, naturally, we fail to hieve it. This is a dreary prospect indeed. No under the inspired prophet said thc.t desolation is line upon the world because "no man thinketh in is heart.'’ Me need serious thought, with resultant resolu tion, about the work of winning our way to heaven. God has put us here to do just that, and not a thing else. I hat is the only reason vve have for occupying space, tor breathing the air. Now. it is one thing to realize the factual character ot this truth, it is quite another to put the truth into practical realization by living daily in its light. “Academic assent is not enough practical recognition is required. Truth makes men free to travel the true path truth is the light that makes the path plain But We have tn hnst as we go. But if i jhP on|y way (o 8UCCPS8. and when we get into it with energy vve find that Our job is to use God's ever present grace and get to heaven. The tools for this job arc our Chris tian hearts minds, wills, and the supernatural gifts of Revelation, Faith and Grace. To administer and guard the supernatural tools, and so to keep the natural ones in good trim, the wondrous Church is watchfully at hand .No mother every had a greater and more unwearying care of children than the hurch has ol us. No mother was ever more kind, more patient, more lovingly hopeful that, no matter how1 we have hashed our opportunities heretofore, vve will finally listen to her counsel and turn out all right. the natural tool of understanding, nf reason, of the thinking nund makes us aware nf the fact that this world and ourselves in it, have an explan almn Wc realize that there is a First Cause that this ausc has purpose in It s action of creating and preserving us In a word we are aware by reason that God exists, and that we have an assigned task to accomplish, namely, the saving of our souls for eternal happiness with God. When the reason, the understanding, nuts these truths before us, we are aware nf duty we recognize the obligation of ac know lodging God by adorr.tion, and putting heart and will into the work of serving Him and coming at the last to Him in heaven Mind and heart, and will arc tools for our one essential laboi. et these are not enough Our end is super natural: these means are natural They need to he uplifted and suffused by supernatural power tn make them effective. They require God's grace. And grace is available to us through the Church which channels tn us all vve need. Christ is God (and hat fact, too, can be known with certainty by shecrly human means, reason working on the facts of history) and Christ has made the Church our ark nf salvation He set it up: commissioned: it gave it Ills own voice and authority entrusted to it the Divine Sacrifice and the Sacraments insured it by promising tn remain with it to the end of time guar anteed its permanence in the very face of “the gates of hell.” Reason can show us the Church as the one in stitution divinely established to help us do our work here on earth The living teaching office of the Church, authorized and commissioned to her teaching by Christ Ihmself, is the rule of our faith Xnd the Church indicates and guards the fountains of Revelation the written Word of Holy Scripture, and the living testimony of her own divinely guided action, which is Sacred tradition. Raised up hy Faith given power by grace, guided by the hurch. helped tn the constant use of the Sacraments and prayer by which grace is renewed, increased and if lost, recovered, we are fitted for the business of life Faithful children of the Church, "r arc in position to do what we are madr to do Rut it takes our dome F'vcn the Church cannot do all our work for us. We must do it. Lent is a tune tor realizing all these things It is a time (or turning with nevv fervor, with strong resolution to persevere, to the only task vve need to do, and which wc alone with Gods help can do Thus Lent is a time for “thinking in the heart.’ We must somehow shut out for a while the uproar of worldly distractions We must conic to realized grips with fundamental facts And w? must rouse up energy to face those facts unblinkingly and steadily and tn make them the actual determinants nf our lives If we succeed tn doing that this l^ent, we shall have reason tn say. not in tones of solemn warning hut with ioyot.s realization “Now is the acceptable tune now is the day of salvation.'* THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY. MARCH 6, 1953 OF WASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON Persons in terested in the future of Ameri can educational processes arc ad vocating that public and private school administrators get togeth er from tune to time for con sultative talks. These suggestions are not yet heard in great volume, but they are being put forward by com petent and thoughtful people and are expected to gain sup porters. A hopeful thing about the proposal as «ne hears it to day is that the meetings would not discuss the so-called “com mon problems, but would rec ognize that each side has legiti mate worries, and that there are developments considered favor able on one side which produce serious problems on the other. For example, it is stated that private schools, including re ligious schools, no present pub lic school administrators with problems which some of them re gard as weighty. To name but some: 1. Private schools in the Unit-' ed States are growing This is an accepted fact in educational circles. There are more private schools today than there were 10 years ago, and there are more pupils in ’hem. Some public school adminis trators sav this impedes them in one of their most important du ties—planning for the future. They cannot, they say, forecast as they would like the overall LOL IS F. Rl DEM It is a sad commentary on our partial inability to provide for our own security that Joseph Starobin. foreign editor for the Daily Worker, has been per mitted to go to Red China and remain there for weeks. He has heen sending back accounts tailor-made foi Stalinite pur poses. praising Mao Tse-tung’s regime to the skies As is always the Communist design, these ac counts will spread out from the pages of the Daily Worker into non-Communist channels of communication They will tend to xlow down the whole nttitudc of American public opinion toirunl doing something effective in the Far East. Wc can also be sure that Star obin. as he travels through Chi na and other areas of Asia, will not forego the opportunity to spread anti-American sentiment. This is one of the chief chores of American Communists in go ing into foreign countries since what they say has added pres tige because they come from the United States. 'Liberation* Means Slavery There is every reason why an intense effort should he made in every city to counteract the falsely favorable view which the Communists and their friends are promulgating in regard to Red China Throughout the country, it is true, people are awakening to the seriousness of continued Stalinite rule in Chi na In my recent talks in Chicago and Scranton, there was no Let's Talk Things Over public school attendance some years in (he future. More to the point, they cannot pinpoint the physical plant needs in a given area or neighbothood with nec essary accuracy Construction of a private school an area, they claim, can draw large numbers from the public schools, render ing them more or less useless. Failure to build a private school where one was foreseen can cause the public school to be overcrowded. 2. The practice of private schools to expel a pupil, often in mid-term, for low grades or a breach of discipline more often than not 'hrows that pupil into the public schools. This, some public school administrators ob ject, tends to give the public schools a disproportionate share of “problem'* pupils. It also causes considerable dislocation because fhe pupil comes to them at mid-term. 3. Some public school admin istrators believe that children at tending public and private schools tend tn associate exclu sively with then fellow pupils outside of school hours, and that this leads to isolation, the for mation of small groups, and a general lack of absorption into full community life If public anu private school administrators could come to gether and confer from time to time, proponents nf this idea state, they could accomplish 'Liberation' That Does Not Tree greater applause than for the suggestion that Great Britain he asked to withdraw recognition of that regime. But this will tend to die down under comments and columns hinting at a “reason able position” toward Man Tse tong. In this matter, as in all other phases of Communist work, we have to return to the nature of Soviet Communism in order to demonstrate that "colonial liber ation for the Chinese or any oth er people means slavery to the Kremlin In his “Foundations of Leninism” Stalin has been speci fic in saying that movements for "liberation” or national inde pendence must be subordinated to the proletarian revolution, that is, to the Soviet dictatorship. This is keeping with the Com munist world outlook that all measures must be utilized by the “vanguard of the masses*’ solely to establish the world dictator ship as the absolute condition for the ushering in of the earth ly paradise, the classless society (i Communism 'Unsurpassed Model' of Marxism Moscow and its followers will oppose any movement for gen nine liberation, which is declared to be "hourgois.” Under Stalin s directives, written 25 years ago, they will crush the people of China as of every other land in the name of “libei ation.” Hence it is that we learn of the brain washings in that vast land, of the employment of compulsion and “self-criticism” to make com munity leaders admit their “crimes” against the Commun ists in the past and thereby tn acknowledge their complete in tellectual submission to Stalin as represented by Mao Tse-tung It is quite in keeping with these practices that the. Comin- much to overcome these diffi culties. For example it is said, the administrators from the two types of schools could easily and profitably exchange plans for fu ture school construction thereby insuring—as far as such things can be—that a school will be placed where it is needed and will be used to the fullest prac tical extent for some time yet. Then, too. it is said some help ful arrangement could be arrived at over the pupils dropped from the private schools who must be taken into the public schools. It is suggested that, in at least some of the cases, the pupil might be dropped very early in the school term or carried to its conclusion, to keep confusion to a minimum As for the charge of social isolation, it is declared that the public and private school admin istrators could agree upon pro grams of extra-curricular activi ties in which the pupils of the public and private schools can meet The tendency to associ ate with one group and not an other is not altogether, or even principally, attributable to the fact that children attend differ ent schools. However, to the ex tent that it is. many believe that it can he overcome by athletic, social and other programs organ ized for after-school hours in which pupils of all schools could take part. from organ of December 19, 1952. links up “the development ol the national liberation strug gle” in such countries as China with conformity to the will of Stalin, who is proclaimed as the "unsurpassed model of the cre ative approach to Marxism Call for Positive Action Nothing would be more serv iceable at the present moment than to get into our public and school libraries books which give the actualities on brain washing and terror in the Far East. Along with that could go a ^“turmined attempt to enlight en every community along the the same lines This is recom mended for another reason than the urgency of more vigorous American measures in Asia: Communists link up the “colon ial liberation” agitation with their constant endeavors to in filtrate the Negro people. It would he a real contribution to I cep alive the comprehension that extravagant promises made to our Colored population hy the Communist conspiracy here, will hnng to them the same sad fate as that of the Chinese if such promises should ever make any hcadw ay. Ours is a greater obligation tn the Negro problem in the United States than just this negative one There is call for a positive senes of activities, beginning with the wider development nf interracial councils and of co operation between the white and Negro communities. But in car rying forward that most essent ial undertaking, it will not be amiss to underscore the brok en pledges of Soviet Commun ism to the people in Asia, and to repeat that this arises from the very nature of Marrtsm Leninism itself. INQUIRY CORNER Is Despair Logical Answer For Sinner? Is not despair the logical answer when a person has com mitted many and great sins and everything seems to go wrong? Why is suicide so wrong since it’s your own life you take? A. St. Augustine says that he w-ho despairs of God's mercy, dishonors God as though he did not believe in His existence. St. Jerome adds that the sin of Judas in despairing was greater than his sin of betraying Christ. Despair is logical for the atheist when everything goes wrong, since he believes only in this life. It is ridiculous for the Christian. Since we believe in eternal life and the highest hap piness with God in heaven if we die in the state of grace we must consider all our trials slight. Re garding our sins we know that there is no limit to God’s for giveness provided we are truly sorry. The Bible (e. g. St. Marv Magdalene, St. Paul and the thief on the cross) and Christian his tory (e. g. St. Augustine, St. John of God. St. Camillus) give instances of God's mercy to sin ners. Life is a gift of God and wfe are directly forbidden by the Fifth Commandment to take up on ourselves destruction of this inestimable gift. Q. I picked up a book recent ly which claimed that President Wilson was anti-religious and anti-Cathohc. Is there any truth tn the statement? A. Since this is perhaps more a question of history than of religion it might be stated here only that the Eighth Command ment can be involved ing such statements. In justice we owe to every man respect for his good r.ame and irresponsible state ments are immoral. There are many difficulties in interpreting controversial public figures and unfavorable judgements should be made only after very careful study. “Judge not, that you may not be judged.” (Matthew 7:1) In regard to religion and govern ment Wilson said: “There is nothing that gives such pith to public service as religion It is noteworthy how often God fearing men have been forward in those revolutions which vindi cated rights, and how seldom in those which have wrought a work of destruction.” Q. What is the attitude of the Church toward mental illness? What should a person do about it? A. In the foreward to “Psy chitary and Catholicism,” Most Reverend Patrick O’Boyle, Archbishop of W f. s i ng o n states: “For some psychiatry RICHARD PATTEE Tito On Tito A new study of Tito and his regime has just appeared and, to date, has merited the most ef fusive eulogies from the critics. It is Vladimir Dedtjer’s Tito, published by Simon and Shuster tn this country It is interesting that the volume is appearing in half-dozen lan guages simul a n e o u s 1 y which gives rise, inevit ably tn the question of how far the X’ugoslav govern ment has gone to assure the wid est diffusion of this study of the thought and action of Josef Broz Tito. Dedijer’s book is interesting passionately interesting It proposed to give the life and v orks of Tito through long con versations and soliloquies in v hich the Yugoslav dictator ex presses himself on his youth, ideas, career as a militant com munist, travels and accession to power. Obviously, it is quite im possible to control the authentic ity of these recollections. We must accept Dedijer’s word that Tito said what he is considered as saying, and that the events described are true. There is nothing whatever in the way of external evidence regarding Tito. Singularly One-Minded What impression does the book leave' Tito appears to us as a singularly one-minded enmmun it agitator, whose whole life runs in the now' familiar chan r.el of conspirator, agitator and militant leader. For years his activity is devoted to carrying on the work of the underground party, to travel back and forth between Vienna and Croatia in clandestine fashion, and for sev eral periods of time to residence in Russia One does not get any impression of great intellectual originality. On the contrary. Tito seems to be as narrow’ and conventional as most Marxists. His ideas rarely exceed the exig encies of the party line or the orthodox Marxist-Leninist liter ature which was his favorite reading matter. The story of the Partisan struggle during the late war is presented, of course, in a totally nne-sided manner. Milhailovic is introduced as the villain, unwor thy of anything but the death sentence that was later given him. The Partisans represent the has supplanted Christianity. Others find no room in the Christian fold for psychiatry, which they consider necessarily heathen. Neither of these ext treme positions is true and both are harmful.” Assuming, there fore the place of religion e. g. the Sacrament of Penance, the Church favors the use of psy chological treatment for mental disorders. In "The Nature and Treatment of Mental Disorders” by Dom Thomas Verner Moore it is pointed out that there are varities of mental disorders from the mild "behavior patterns’* to "psychoses” (insanity) For matters of conscience and minor mental problems prayer and con solation with a priest con fession should be sufficient. For more serious disturbances a com petent physician should be con sulted. He will be in a position to recommend a psychiatrist if the difficulty is not largely physical. Q. How guilty is one who tells dirty jokes or one who laughs at them'* A. The telling ef stories which are definitely and deli berately impure is a serious sin. The gravity of the sin increases with the number of people pre sent and the danger of inducing any of them to sin. If the story is of such a kind as to provoke lustful reactions it certainly is a mortal sin in any company. Some so-called dirty jokes are more vulgar than impure or have clearly the effect of inducing laughter primarily. In groups of adults where the intellectual point will clearly be predomi nant such stories may be slight sins or no sins at all. Passive material cooperation may be without guilt even in objection able stories if the occasion is practically unavoidable e. g. stories told at work. Active formal cooperation w'ould be seri ously wrong in the same degree as telling of them. Christian puri ty would exclude all such jokes. Q. Is there a St. Frances? A. St. Frances of Rome, who died in 1436, was a married wo man and coined the axiom: “A wife is bound to leave her de votions at the Altar and to find God in her household work.” After her husband’s’ death she devoted her life to care for the poor and to prayer. She was foundress of the Institute of the Oblates and was canonized in 1608, Her feast day is March 9th. Send questions to Rev. Eduard F. Healey, Inquiry Corner. The Catholic Tunes, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. totality of nationalism and pa triotism and Tito emerges as very much the genius of this struggle. There are long descriptions of the unwillingness of the Soviets to provide aid and one gets throughout the volume (one wonders how much retrospect) the impression that Tito and his Partisans suspected the good faith of the Soviet Union long before the devastating event of 1948 How much of this is doctored history to prove a point is im possible to say The accounts of the Yugoslav delega’e-: in Mos er w for various economic and Cominform meetings give nse to detailed reproductions of con versations in the most intimate Soviet circles. If these conver sations are accurate. Stalin and his collaborators appear as 9 fairly stupid lot, guided hy the narrowest vision in policy. Three Contributing Factor* Serbian nationalism, the fact that Yugoslavia won its liber ation unaided hy the Red army, and refusal to accept the dictates nf the USSR in economics seem to be the three factors that con tributed to the tension of 1948 and the final break between the two communist countries. That Yugoslavia was ill-treated by the USSR seems to admit of no doubt. But any illusions that the West may have about the “evolution” of Tito and his re gime can be dispelled at once in the careful reading nf this hnok. There is never one single refer ence tn indicate that Tito has moved in the direction nf what we choose to call a more liberal ni flexible position “"We are Marxists. 1 am a Marxist Stalin is a revisionist it is he who ha« wandered from the Marxist road What exists in cur country is socialism and can not hp called “Titoism.” Defender of the ith Here we have a few words the position Titn has taken He is the defender of the purest Marx ism and Stalin is the heretic. In supporting Tito, we are support ing an even more formidable form of Marxism than that pro fessed in the USSR Sulzberger, in reviewing the book in The New York Times, proclaims Tito as one of the world's great. It is to be noted that we are again going through that absurd process of building up an ally into something he very definitely isn’t. In reading the review. I had the feeling that 1 had read all that sort of thing before—in 1941, with reference the benevolent Stalin and the democratic Soviet Union.