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THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times. Inc.
Columbus. Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to
P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices:
346 E. Town Street. Columbus 15. Ohio
Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196
Address all communications for publication
to P. O. Box 636 Columbus 16, Ohio
Pne* of Th* C«tbo)i« Turn i« 88 ©er y**r. All
•wbaerirtiona *hov!4 h* presented te oor office tbronrb
♦h* ©uteri of the parMhee.
Remittanre* ihooid made ©arable to The Cath
•1m Ttmaa.
Anotiymooa e«nmur«eationa will be ditrerarded
We do not hold eniraelvee reaponaible for any »ewi
er otnnfona enpreened th* eomwinnieatione of oor
aorr*a©ondenta.
Pntered an Saaaeid Claaa Matter at Poet Offtoa,
Cntambua. Ohio.
St Franeia da Salaa, Patron of tha Cathoha Praaa
and of the Dioeata of Columbia. Pray for Ua 1
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
'Hie Greatest 1’hing
In The World
We would like to bring to the attention of all]
what we consider to be an outstanding editorial
which appeared recently in the Columbus C. I. O
News, the official weekly publication of the Colum
bus C. I. O. Council. The editorial follows in full:
A Sunday school class recently sent out a survey
question to leading state and city officials. The
question was. "What is the greatest thing in the
world.”
One answer was, “FAITH”. A second answer was
that all men were equally responsible before God
A third answer was the duelling of the Holy Spirit.
And so forth.
Vt'hile all these answers are good in themselves,
they do not gne a complete and overall picture oi
the point raised in the question. It is understood
that many officials receive a good deal of corres
pondence which they cannot reply io with as much
preciseness and detail as they would like.
Therefore, let us look into the matter and pondei.
“What is the greatest thine in the world?” We
might reason thusly: since the world is transitory
and since we who live in the world :re transitory
the greatest thing must be that which will give
meaning to the existence of both. It must be that
upon which the world and we ourselves depend
And that one thing is God.
It is He tor whom the bells toll. It is He lor whom
the universe moves in unchanging clocklike pi eci
slon. It is He for whom mu frail bodies and minds
suffer the miseries of life. Therefore, it i.s He.
God Almighty. Creator ol heaven and earth and of
all things visible and invisible, who is the greatest
Thing in the world and out of the world.
It also follows that anv degree of greatness
is but a reflection of greatness itself All creation
cries out in some degree the beauty, the magnific
ence. the wisdom, the mercy, the justice the char
ity of the Supreme Being
The brook babbles in delight: the birds sing in
rapture: the grass, shrubs trees reach tow rd heav
en: the raindrops dance with joy the snow carosse
in light fondness.
And man. the greatest of all His creations, roach
os for eternity for it is written “To know God is
to have eternal life.”
Korean Hope-With Braver
A* this is written there seems to be every hope
that over in Korea the Reds will get rround to a step
worthy of civilization the exchange of prisoners
This is something for which they deservi no great
credit it has been long sought by the United Na
tions forces. That the Reds have finally acquiesced
only adds reason to be cautious. They have not
acted with such consideration for the rules of
international law heretofore
Meanwhile it is not without’reason that the Unit
rd Nations wonder what else is hack of the Red
move I’erhan.s some other aggression in the mak
Ing Or will it be anothei fait accompli which will
come to the attention of the Allies too late? Onr
thing seems most probable at this time: namely
that the Red« ere not yet known for being on the
side of true peace and freedom.
However the present situation does give hope to
all suffering humanity. Uould this be the beginning
of a real trend toward understanding'’ With the
new regime taking over in Moscow, it could be that
there will be a turn to better things Intolerable is
the thought that matteis could get worse. True, it
i« difficult to understand the orient mind, but it
may be that Mr Malenkov is going to try to take
his place among other nations of the world Or the
whole trend it it can lie called that may be due
tn a great deal of real trouble within the ranks of
the Soviet satellite nations and among the people
of Russia itself.
Whatever the future may bung, the present ef
fort at exchange of prisoners Rivet the world a
taste of what it has longed for But the ray ot hope
springing from this action, must be accomplished
hy moderation in pibilation. This is the time tor
prayerful hope, with a great deal of emphasis on
prayer It may be that al last all the prayers to Oui
Ijidy of Fatima are going to be answered, that is
if they are redoubled rt this time.
The Columbus Citizen
And Good Friday
ax
The Columbus Citizen s Good Friday editorial
supporting planned parenthood, neo birth control
alias race suicide, suggested the constant Christian
attitude towards sinners
“Father forgive them*
We regret that the propag ndist editors of the
Citixen do not merit the absolving words of oui
Blessed Saviour Jesus Christ, the Teacher of Truth
the King of Kings, and lx»rd of Life.
Easter's Inspiring Crowds
The great crowds oi people attending Mass on
Easter Sunday were truly most inspiring. Still nior
Inspiring was the sight ot so many receiving th
Sacraments during this time Our clergy every when
report tremendous numbeis at the Communion
railings of our churches and capacity attendant
Et al] Masses last Sunday.
It Is not easy to give the explanation for (hi
It is true that the Catholic population could he ex
pected to increase along with the total population
But last Sunday's inspiring spectacle would indi
cate that the numbe. of Catholics has mere sod !,•
more proportionately than has the general popula
tion.
Or could it be that religion has become mor
popular and that some of the lax have beconu
more active? There is no priest active in the can
of souls but what can report that it all those who
should he Catholics were regular in fulfilling then
religious duties, the attendance would be amazing
I
souls and fallen aways r.- found at every turn
But even this does not seem to be the lull explan
ation of last Sunday s attendance for it is hkelv
that not too many of the lax Catholics were at M. ss
Some of the answei max be found in the fact th.v
each Sundax quite a numbci miss Mass fOi on
reason or another. So many work on Sundays in
this age of progress, that they are unable to be pres
ent for their religmu* duty in accordance with the
command of Almighty God that on six days we shall
work, and on the seventh, rest.
Whatever the explanation, last Sunday was one
of inspiring Easter Joy.
Phe Violin Or The Bow
There are many variations of the old argument:
which is more important: the violin or the bow?
In point of actual fact, the argument is silly in some
ways, and yet it has some points.
No one wpuld argue on the relative worth of the
bow and the violin. A bow costs only a small fraction
of what the violin itself is worth. To an artist arriv
ing on the stage, though, and finding he has no bow
—well, then the slender instrument would assume
a value in his eyes all out of proportion.
The argument is rather unfair, too. for it is
forcing an unsolvable dilemma upon us. One never
has to choose absolutely between the violin and the
bow. They were made to go together. Without each
other they would become highly unuseful for the
purpose for which they were intended.
Say what you will, in a similar way. our Holy
Religion depends for its furtherance among man
kind on the Holy Priesthood. Were there no priests
there would be no spread of religion: without the
strengthening grace of the Sacraments, our Faith
would soon wither.
As each individual thinks of what the priesthood
means to him, let him offer a fervent prayer of
thanks to God and beg Him for many new vocations
to the Diocesan priesthood.
Just Among Ourselves
Passing Comment Considered or Inconsiderate
Why is it so difficult to quote the exact words
spoken by ..nother? It is difficult. In fact, it seems
impossible. If you want proof of this, just listen care,
fully when a friend quotes the remark of another
hat you yourself have heard. See how very inexact
the quotation is.
Here is an example of what is meant. Recently,
on a TV quiz program (and. incidentally, there
were no quiz programs between one and two a m.
on the Fridays of Ix’nt otherwise these programs
appear to he continuous) a contestant said the word
“No.” with strong emphasis, answering a question
that had something to do with her age. Later, a
member of the panel, of judges or jurors or jesters
or guessers, said she suspected the answer because
he contestant had so emphatically said. “I am not.”
A notable example of misquotation is that suffer
ed by Herbert Hoover. When prohibition was the
law of the land, Mr. Hoover remarked that it was
“an interesting experiment, noble in motive.’ Al
most at once, it was said that Mr. Hoover had called
the prohibition law
e
noble experiment.” Yet. as
is obvious, he did not say it was a noble experiment
he said it was an interesting experiment. It is un
likely that he found nobility in the prohibition
movement or law: he was charitable enough to im
pute nobility to the motive of those who favored
the movement and enacted the law.
A change nosition ot one word can make a
'rrat difference in a statement. Consider the unfor
tunate blunder of the statesman who. during the late
end unlamented campaign for the presidency, was
to introduce Mrs. Nixon, with the assured prophecy
of a Republican victory, as the “next Vice President’s
wife.' What he said was. “the Vice President’s next
wife.” Only the shift of a word but what a world of
difference in the meaning!
The author of a textbook was recently interview
cd by a young reporter. Running over the results
of the questioning, the reporter said, “And so you
say you did not like the textbooks yon had to use.
and decided to write your own." The author replied
with indignation. "1 said nothing of the kind In
fact. I have both liking and admiration for the text
hooks I have used. What I said was that there rp
peared need for a new textbook for certain nupils
who found the other very likable, very admirable
textbooks too detailed and complicated
It may be possible to quote a person correctly
if you quote his written or printed words. Other
wise it is so difficult matter that a man of djs
cerment, who is not a cynic, says, “Every oral quota
tion is misquotation.” And this is not so for the
very sound reason that nearlv everv oral quotation
aqd printed one. for the matter of the) i.s a remark
pulled out of the context. It is so for the reason that
oral quoters seem incapable of using the exact
words of the person they quote.
Of course, to do lull justice to the author of any
quoted opinion or remark, the person who quotes
his words should be blc to reconstruct the situation
and reproduce the atmosphere in which the words
were spoken. And the words themselves should be
uttered with the precise intonation and emphasis of
their quoted use. Now. these are exacting require
ments, very difficult to meet. It is easy to see how
every quotation mav be tnisuuotation in view of
these definite conditions for its authenticity.
Hut the point made here is not easy to under
stand. For here we discuss the quoting of words
merely, with no question of situation, atmosphere
intonation, or emphasis It is sheerly on the point
of exactness in repeating the actual words of a
speaker, that we raise the question, and ask. “Whv
is it difficult to the verge of impossibility to say the
very words that another has said?’ Perhaps w
must call it a mystery and let it go at that.
o
And perhaps the mystery is the mystery of humai
laziness and carelessness. Pedhans it Is the mvsterx
of that dull stupidity which refuses to realize re
sponsibility.. The quoter of a remark actually as
suines the personality of the speaker quoted, and a
slipshod quotation mav do damage to the original
speaker’s reputation We know of a very learned
gentleman (now. it is true. dead, rnd therefore in
different to quotation and misquotation of his spok
en words) who was quoted carelessly as having an
swered a foolish questioner with the words. “I
thought you had more sense of intelligence" Know
ing the poor dead scholar we know that he would
have bitten off his tongue rr.ther than utter such
a nonsensical jumbling of sense and intelligence
Vet the quoter glibiy quoted and seemed to thin’
’’e had got off a very good thing
The great Suarez, it is said, once nut himself t»
trong penance for having humiliated a careles'
motor who had attributed some statement to Si
Xugust'ine Now. St Augustine wrote a small librar
of books, and yet Saurez was familiar with ever?
line of them He was able to show the quoter jus'
where and how he had misquoted. But Saurez nccc
lot have done penance lor hl’”’ilia*inp the mar
Chat type of quoter is not capable of being humil
ated. Doubtless he went away convinced that Saurc
vas just an old fuddy-duddy and a fusser ove’
rifles. It is certain that he went away convince'
'•at he was right about Augustine after all.
It is a baffling and disheartening thing to hav
nes own words come hqme again all battered End
wangled, and in far worse state than the Prodiga'
on when he returned to his father'* house And
•till, what does it matter? One’s words are no
often very importaant. rnd important or not. the?
are seldom listened to with any care. We know ol
a large parish in which a printer's mistake bullet
incd he area with the announcement of a mission
to be conducted by "the Passionate Fathers.’ And
not a parishioner raised a question, or an eyebrow!
THE CATHOLIC TIMES, FRIDAY APRIL 10, 19 5 3
WASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON There are
signs of a growing inclination to
discuss openly and frankly the
plight of the Palestine refugees.
This i.s a problem of some
standing which has never receiv
ed anything like the attention its
gravity and proportions should
command. Now how ever, w ith the
explosive character of the Mid
die East coming more and more
to attention, it is possible that
the West will take action from a
sense of expediency which it
long ago should have taken from
higher motives. If the Middle
East should erupt violently, it
could well dwarf the bitter but
contained fighting in Korea. It
could have all the serious reper
cussions ol an open break in
Central Europe.
The program, succinctly, is the
plight of more than 800,000
homeless persons scattered over
the Arab world. They, and per
haps 200.000 others, left Pales
tine at the time of the Arab
Israeli war. These surviving refu
gees—-104.000 in Lebanon, 84.000
in Syria, nearly 500,000 in Jor
dan and over 200,000 in Gaza—
cannot return to Palestine. They
are homeless. They live miser
ably in refugee camps and ob
servers say they suffer even
FATHER HIGGINS
For several consecutive weeks
this column has been devoted,
either in whole or in pr.rt, to a
discussion of the importance of
voluntary, non
governmen a 1
economic or
ganizations (un
ions, employ
ers’ asso i a
tions, etc.) and
their relation
ship to one an
other and to
the State. The
importance of
these organize
ions, we have repeatedly empha
sized, can hardly be exaggerated.
Negatively, they are indispenablc
as a bulwark against the totali
tarian tendencies of even the
most beneficent democratic gov
ernment. Positively, they are in
dispensable as the building
blocks of a sound social order in
which the rights of the Individ
•lal and the claims of thc''com
nunity will be adequately cared
or and properly balanced.
The philosophy we have been
dvocating in this continuing dis
ussion on the role of volun
tary economic organizations
ommonly referred to in the vo
abulary of political science a*
he philosophy of “pluralism”—
i the subject of a new book
The Quest tor Community: A
ttudy in the Ethics of Order and
Freedom” by Robert Nisbet of
•he University of California
Oxford Univ. Press. New York
S5.00). By al) odds it is one ot
the best books we have ever read
on this important subject. We
recommend it. unqualifiedly, a
'•equirod reading for anybody
ho would come to grips with
’he problem of how to make de
mocracy work for the common
good and/or how to prevent it
from following the law of politic
al gravity and degenerating into
tyranny.
It Doesn't Add Up
5 ODY
ill
Wr
Smoldering Fire In Israel
more from a sense of hopeless
ness.
These refugees cannot return
to Palestine because they came
from that part of Palestine which
is now Israel. The Israeli will not
let them return. The Arabs con
tend that they left their Pales
tine homes through compulsion
or, where they left voluntarily,
through fear of what might hap
pen to them if they remained.
The Israeli claim that the Arabs
abandoned their former homes
and that Israel has since brought
in so many Jewish refugees
from other parts of the world
that it would be impractical now
to bring back the Arabs, too.
What cries so loudly for atten
tion is the desperate plight of so
many hundreds of thousands of
human beings. Some serious ef
forts may be made to solve their
problem now for these reasons:
Soviet Russia is wooing the Arab
nations the situation has long
been delicate and has shown no
signs ol solving itself, and the
Arab refugees largely blame the
West tor their present plight.
As a sort of hint of the plight
of the refugees, a British MP
said she observed that the Unit
ed Nations Relief and Works
The Quest For Community
Proicssor Nisbet, a non-Uath
olic sociologist, starts from the
familiar principle of Catholic
political theory that while the
State is indeed the supreme au
thority in the temporal order, it
is not the only authority. In oth
er words, it is not synonymous
or co-extensive with Society.
Lesser associations (unions and
employers’ organizations serve as
representative examples in the
economic order) are endowed
with subsidiary authority which
can be regulated by the State in
the interest of the general wel
fare but may not. legitimately,
be abrogated or taken away. It
is not enough. Dr. Nisbet con
tinues to accept the right of
non-governmental organizations
to exist: what is needed is ‘“a
theory of liberal democracy that
includes them, that makes them
indispensable to free represents
‘ive government.”
Democracy's Major Problem
The “reenforcement” of non
•’.overnmental organizations, he
repeatedly emphasizes. and
"their constitutional relation
ship to the political authority of
he State become, in the nresent
century, the major nrohlem of
democracy. Because of our sin
vleminded concentration upon
the individual rs the sole unit
of society and unon the State
as the sole source of legitimate
nower. we have tended to over
look the fact that freedom
thrives in cultural diversity, in
local and revional differentiation,
in associative pluralism, and,
above all. in the diversification
of power.”
It is our hope that these few
isolated, but representative quo
tations from one of the most
quotable books of the year—on
one of the most important sub
jects of the century—will induce
our readers to study Dr. Nisbet’s
book in its entirety. They will
find it a very rewarding exper­
$001
&S52
Agency had been able to pro
vide better communal services
for a camp in Jericho than at
any other camp they say, but
this was still far from enough.
There, she said, one doctor
strove to care for upward of
77,000 men, women and chil
dren, all of whom their guide
said were subsisting on a diet
sufficient only for slow starva
tion.
Really important aid is being
rendered to the Arab refugees
through the Pontifical Mission
for Palestine, of which an Amer
ican, Msgr. Thomas J. McMahon
of Newr York, is president. The
Mission is pursuing a really for
ward-looking program. It is try
ing to feed every refugee it can,
but it is going beyond this and
trying to save the refugees for
future usefulness. It is educating
the children and it is giving em
ployment to all it can. creating
work wherever it can. For ex
ample, the refugee men work on
the school building erected by
the Mission for the education of
the children.
Unfortunately, the Pontifical
Mission cannot handle the whole
problem, or give it a permanent
solution.
ience
Students of so-called Industry
Council Plan, as recommended in
the social encyclicals of recent
Popes, will be particularly inter
ested in this book—one of the
best available commentaries on
the underlying philosophy of the
ICP. Dr. Nisbet, to be sure, does
not refer by name to the Indus
try Council Plan or. indeed, to
any other practical application
of the philosophy of plurclism.
His analysis of pluralism is al
most purely theoretical. He ap
proaches the subject historically
from the point of view of social
and political philosophy. This is
not to suggest, however, that he
is an ivory-tower academician
writing in sn intellectual vacuum.
On the contrary, his book is one
of the most practical we have
ever read on the subject of po
litical and social reconstruction
He is an independent thinker
who has steeled himself to resist
the subtle tyranny of popular
slogans.
Popular Sovereignty
Not Enough
One excmnle of his independ
ent point of view—already re
ferred to in passing—will suf
fice for the purposes of this dis
cussion He believes—just as pas
sionately as any modern liberal
in the theorv of ponular sover
eignty. subscribes wholehearted
ly to the theory that ell legiti
mate political authority flows,
•under God. from the peoole.
Pronnnents of the Industrv
Council Plan are attemnting. in
their own way. to formulate such
a philosophy. If they are some
times temnted to give it up as
INQUIRE CORNER
RICHARD PATTEE
e
had job. Dr. Nisbet’s remarkable
book is calculated to persuade
them that the alternative to such
a philosophy, especially in the
20th century when the politicel
State is everywhere so powerful,
is likely to be some form of to
talitarianism.
St. Christopher Medal
Same As Luck Charm?
Q. Is not the St. Christopher
medal a form of superstition?
How is it different from a good
luck charm such as a rabbit’s
foot or four-leaf clover?
A. Superstition consists in
crediting a thing with power
which it does not have. Ordin
arily it consists in looking to
someone or something for some
effect which could come from
God alone as in making use of
charms, dreams, fortune-tellers
or spiritists- The St. Christopher
medal is a sacramental and is
used as a sign of prayerful rev
erence for the saint. Some peo
ple may use this and other sac
ramentals superstitiously, but
they ignore Catholic teaching on
sacramentals when they do ‘so.
There is no power in a living or
dead rabbit or its foot, nor
in the clover to help us except
in their use as food, etc. It is
superstition to expect help or
injury from any inanimate thing,
but the St. Christopher medal
serves as a silent reminder of
St. Christopher, whom we honor.
Q. Who was St. Veronica?
A. The Catholic Encyclopedia
describes her as a pious matron
of Jerusalem, “who accompanied
Christ to Calvary’ and offered
Him a towel on which He left
the imprint of His face.” There
are numerous legends about her
and she has been variously iden
tified as the “woman with an is
sue of blood” whom Christ cured
and Pilate’s wife. The Benedic
tine “Book of Saints” does not
list her, nor does the Roman Mis
sal. In Prat’s “Jesus Christ”
(Volume II) the account of Ver
onica’s veil is called uncertain
and it is stated that the Veronica
episode does not appear in the
Stations of the Way of the Cross
until 1435. In the Catholic En
cyclopedia her feast day is listed
as July 12th.
Q. What is the Liturgy? Why
are there variations e.g. oriental
customs?
A. The Liturgy is the exercise
of public worship to Church
regulation. It includes all pray
ers. ceremonies and functions is
sed by the Churgji and perform
ed by official ministers in the
name of the Church. Such pri
vate devotions as the Stations
and the Rosary are not includ
ed, but there is no conflict be
tween the Liturgy and private
devotion. The celebration of
Mass, administration of the Sac
raments (and Sacramentals), the
recitation of the Divine Office
and certain processions and
benedictions are included in the
Liturgy. There are variations
in the Liturgy in fact the
Oriental Churches have ordin­
The American press, as far as
1 know, has been oddly silent
about the visit of Spain’s Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs Alberto
Martin Artajo
to the Far East.
For the past
month the
S a n ish for
eign minister,
who is former
pres ident of
Spanish Catho
lic Action, has
been visiting
the Philip
pines. Nation
alist Ch ina,
Tha Hand and
Pakistan. For
the first time since the Spanish
American war. over 50 years ago,
a high official of the Spanish
government has set foot in the
Philippines. His reception has
been overwhelmingly cordial and
enthusiastic.
The Spanish press has been
filled with the most glowing ac
counts of the triumphal progress
of Minister Martin Artajo and
his entourage everywhere in the
Philippine Republic The Phil
ippine Free Press of Manila
is quoted as saying that Amer
icans resident in the Philippines
have been astonished at the
warmth of sentiment the visit
has engendered, and that it has
become quite evident that the
emotional attachment of the
Philippine people to their for
mer mother country has by no
means vanished. The visit has
been the occasion for a literal
outburst of pro-Spanish feeling
and a renewed effort to increase
interest in the Spanish language
and its propagation and to re
store it to some of the dignity
it held in the past.
Past Wipad Out
Politically and economically
the visit will probably have
important repercussions in the
orientation of the Philippines.
The degree to which the rivalries
and misunderstandings of the
past have been overcome was
the floral offering of the Span
ish Minister at the monument
to the Philippine hero. Jose Ri
zal. Two generations have suffic
ed to wipe out the memory of a
tragic past. The feeling for Spain
seems to be a new and vigorous
force in this Far Eastern repub
lic.
Last year in Madrid, I was
struck by the hundreds of Phil
ippine students now flocking to
Spanish universities, to the con
stant movement back and forth,
in spite of the distance, to the
cultural and scientific missions
that move from one country to
arily used the word for the Mass
alone but no essential differ
ences. Four distinct type*
(Antiochene, Alexandrine, Galil
ean and Roman) and variations
of them show rather the ability
of the Church to accommodate
her public worship in non-essen
tials to circumstances of time,
place and people.
Q. Is there any moral rule for
length of time in kissing? When
does a kiss become a stn? I mean
for a young unmarried couple?
A. Kissing which is too vio
lent, too long drawn-out or re
peated too often is sinful for the
unmarried- While the moralists
(e.g. Noldin) state that decent
kissing is permitted provided it
does not lead directly to sexual
pleasure there are no precise
rules. A great deal depends upon
the temperament and intentions
of the couple. It is important
that the intention of the couple
is the expression of affection
rather than sensual satisfaction,
Jone (Moral Theology) states:
“Ardent, prolonged and repeat
ed kissing is often a mortal sin.*
Q. Is there a possibility that
people in hell will sometime be
pardoned?
A. No. Pope Vigilius in 54S
condemned the teaching that the
devils and the wicked might
sometime be freed. Many times
Christ referred to the eternal
reward for the good and eternal
punishment for the wicked.
“T)ien he will say to those on
his left hand, 'Depart from me,
accursed ones, into the everlast
ing fire which was prepared for
the devil and his angels’-” (Mat
thew 25:41 See also II Thes
salonians 1:6-10). It is clear
too from the nature of our life
on earth as a time of proving
ourselves that the choice at
death is final and permanent.
Q. What is the significance
of the liturgical colors?
A. White, used for feasts of
Our Lord and Our Lady and
saints who are not martyrs, sig
nifies purity and perfection red,
used on feasts of the Holy Ghost
and for martyrs, signifies the
shedding of blood and burning
love. Green, used through tha
Pentecost and Epiphany seasons,
signifies life and hope violet,
worn in Lent and Advent, signi
fies penance. Black, in Masses
for the dead and Good Friday,
signifies mourning and rose, re
placing violet on the third Sun
day of Advent and the fourth
Sunday of Lent, signifies joy.
Send questions to Rev. Edward
F. Healey, Inquiry Corner, The
Catholic Times, Box 636, Colum
bus (16) Ohio
Spain And The East
the other. There is scarcely a
week in Madrid in which a dis
tinguished Filipino or a delega
tion from that land does not ap
pear for some purpose or other.
Personally I think it is all to the
good. It is unquestionably a very
great good for the Church and
for the maintenance of excellent
Catholic contacts between W’est
ern Europe and this Far Eastern
bulwark of the Christian tradi
tion.
Minister Martin Artajo spent
some time in Formosa with
Chang Kai-shek and later went
on to Bangkok and Karachi. In
part, the latter visit is a continu
ation of last year’s visit to the
entire Arab world, the results
of which are beginning to be
seen in the establishment of re
lations of a still stronger nature
between Madrid and this critical
part of the world.
The Spaniards antedate other
Europeans in their “presence*
in that part of the world. And
they can point with pride to mis
sionaries and intellectuals, to
priests and jurists, as well as sol
diers and businessmen wdio have
left a tradition which, unfortu
nately, Spain until now has been
unable to exploit.
The Sole Bridge
The very fact that a Spanish
foreign minister should make
these journeys is a total break
with the past. Spain is beginning
to assume a new position in
world affairs and is creating her
own policy. It is no longer lim
ited to the north of Africa or to
those narrow geographical boun
daries which traditionally have
hemmed it in. Spain because of
her isolation, is perfectly free
to develop a policy of her own.
This rare sense of complete inde
pendence of action, without the
deadweight of commitments in
Europe, is producing a novel
and,*I think, most promising de
parture.
Some months ago, on the oc
casion of the Arab visit. I com
mented that Spain might well be
come the only bridge between
Western Europe and the Moslem
world. It is not inconceivable
that she may also have a role to
play in such areas as Pakistan.
Spain’s usefulness, when ulti
mately admitted to full partner
ship with the West, will be en
hanced by this active and intel
ligent foreign policy. 1 know
Minister Martin Artajo extreme
ly well. He is an admirable rep
resentative of the enlightened,
profoundly Christian and at the
same time very 20th-century at
titude that is becoming more and
more the characteristic of Spain
in the world today.

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