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4—THE ,CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Oct. 9. 1953 ——---------H.................■ THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times. Inc. Columbus. Ohio NOTICE. Send All Changes of Address to P. 0 Box 636 Columbus. Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E Town Street, Columbus 15. Ohin Telephones ADams 5195 ADams 5190 Addres* all communications for publication tn O Pox 636, Columbus 16. Ohio Prw* ef Th* Cerhobc Tim** ta sear. All •nbaer’ptiOTS thonM h» presents*! to ear offies thrsnfh the ta»tor* ef ths parishes Rem :ttarees ahasM se nt»«ie ayebl» to The Catlh •lie Times Anatiymoo* rammun lea tier* will he HisregsraM We de tiot hoM ouraelte* re’txjesiW* *ey sieses •r opinion* expressed the eemmuPeatione of our "BMTMpnn dee t*. Bntared a* Sernnd Claes Master at Poet Offiee. Columbus. Ohio. St Fratiria de Stales Patron of the Ca’holi* Preea ana «f the Dieeese of Columbus. Prey for Ue I This Paper Printed by Union Labor Mission Sunday In a secular civilization, such as our own, daily press determines to a great extent our outlook on the world. In the clash of international interests, there is danger that Catholics may forget that all history previous to the coming of Christ was in preparation for that event and all history since has been the highway over which the Kingdom of God marches to its fullness and perfection. Fittingly therefore the Holy Father sets aside one Sunday a year, which is called Mission Sunday, in v hieh Catholics are bidden to take their eyes nff political maneuvers and cast them upon the Mis sions of the world. Nineteen hundred years after the Redemption on Calvary, there are still 1.100. 000.000 pagans in the world. The evangelization of this number presently involves the services of over 100.000 missionaries who last year, in ad dition to planting the Church in pagan lands, aided 60.000.000 orphans, aged. sick, children and lepers. On Mission Sunday. October 18. the Catholics will be given an opportunity to fulfill a duty imposed by the Sacrament of Confirmation, namely to offer sacrifices and prayers for lhe progress of the Church throughout the world. America is the most generous country in the world. Granted that it has been more blessed than other countries, its spirit of charity is none the less remarkable. This year when the Society for the Propagation of the Faith takes up the collec tion for all missions, at home and abroad. America should approach it with the full realization of the fact that two-thirds of the people of the world go to bed hungry every night: and while life expectancy in the United Stales ia 68 years, in India it is only 26. Therefore we must hurry to their aid with our wealth both spiritual and material. Suffused with love of neighbor for Christ’s sake, may our Cath olics see history as the unfolding of the prayer: "Thy Kingdom Come.” “Radiant Crown’" The new encyclical of the Holy Father proclaim ing th* Marion Year in commemoration of the centenary of the proclamation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of lhe Rlessed Virgin Mary brings joy to the hearts of all the faithful. In more ways than one this an age of Mary, and the an nouncing of the special year in her honor only con firms it. The love with which Mary a clients have turned to her during these recent decades has been most inspiring Since long before the terrible World War II. during the short period of cold peace and during the cold war in Korea, pleading hearts over the world have turned to Mary. The Holy Father himself has frequently urged that increasing and incessant petition* be directed to the Holy Mother of God to bring peace to hearts of men, a peace that can enme only through union with Christ. On November 1, 1951. Pope Pius XII crowned all the tributes paid to Mary hy proclaiming offic ially for the whole Church the dogma of her glor ious assumption into Heaven. Meanwhile through out the world individuals and dioceses and nations have consecrated themselves to the Immaculate Heart of Mary heeding her request given to the little children of Fatima. The Pope saw fit to con secrate the whole world to Mary under thia same title. The increase and effectiveness of the Legion of Mary, such movements as Father Peyton's Rosary Crusade. and the other Marian groups arc likewise indicative ol this constant plea going to Mary for the return of men and nations to Christ, with con sequent peace the world. Verily this is the age of Mary, and the Marian Year serves admirably Io emphasize this fact. It would seem that Mary’s "Radiant Crown” becomes increasingly radiant with the passing years. The Martan Year may well be the occasion for Mary to lei the light ol her "Crown of Glory” shine upon the whole world, particularly upon Russia, and bring peace to all men of good will. What Is lhe Purpose? Sickening as the reports from Poland are. we should use them Io bripg home to ourselves and others the true nature of Communist aggression and subjugation. Their "modus operandi” indicates the order and importance of what they consider to he the greatest obstacles placed in the way of their world dominating schemes. So much, is heard today from well intentioned, supposedly educated people, blatantly anti-commun l*t who reduce their opposition to the Marxist sstem tn the single plane of social economy. They see it merely as the reverse of a system of gov ernment to which they subscribe -never adverting to the fact that economics is just one small phase of the Communist philosophy. The encroachment of the state on the individ ual's right of private ownership would seem, ac cording to these prisons, to be the great and only evil born of Communism Fix up this one point, they sa. and Communism takes its place with all those other forms of government which differ from nur own. The way in which Communist policy is carried nut quickly gives the lie to any such simplified, almost rosy view of the problem now facing the world Mere economics all that is involved in the CommunHs quest, even if it were the most import ant part of the quest, we should have no stories of violent persecution and wholesale crimes against humanity emanating daily from those places al ready existing under Communism. It takas no such elaborately planned criminal acts to merely change the economies of various countries, even if the pro posed new economic system is something that is seen to be immoral by those forced to live by it. The process ot Communis! aggression was men boned as the true index or criterion of Commun ist intent. Do they wish merely tn dethrone Capital ism and replace it with Socialism? Are they inter ested solely in the economic status nf the worker and establishing his rightful place in world so ciety? Let the history of their acts prove their intentions. Economic leaders are passed over almost un noticed by the Communists in their haste to per secute and destroy religion. A means to the end. you say? Surely—but what end? Socialized economy? Not a bit of it! Religion is the one thing opposing the total Communist philosophy which is geared not to re place economic systems but to destruction of all morality—to the subverting of the whole world pur pose as esablished, not by man, but by Almighty God. The entire reason for man's creation and his daily existence, the cause and end of man s pres ence on this earth is denied by Communist philos ophy. Communism’s purpose is to make man the sole measure of his destiny, to create a world in his own image. The resulting chaos is the measure of Communisms philosophy, intent, purpose—and success. Man’s Law? The intentional infraction of any safety law with the attendant possibility of injury to others is a sin against God long before it becomes a crime against the state. "Thou shalt not kill” cries much louder than the warning whistle, red flashers, stop lights and yel low speed signs. Yol are not just accountable to the police offi cer for a traffic violation where someone could be injured. Some one else is standing behind him. Just Among Ourselves Pasting Cammens Considered ar Inconsiderate Isn't it about time that we taK concerted action, against the ineptitude, the bad taste, even the down right scandal of much of the. queer absurdity called “religious advertising?” Our concerted action might take lhe form of a loud and continuing shout,—by way of letters to editors,—against the folly of our own Catholic press in printing the trash. e There are certain secular magazines of low estate which publish stories intended.—ostensibly at least, and by the repeated assurances of their authors.— to show that crime does not pay, and that carnal sin brings only misery. Yet these same magazines pander to carnality in their advertisements, and the tone of some of the stories makes crime singu larly attractive. We may be shocked at the conflict between claim and performance in such secular publications. Rut what words have we to express the shock when a comparable conflict appears in a publication of our own? For there are Catholic papers and magazines which labor well and constantly in their articles, essays, stories, and departments to make people know and understand the truth and the unique glory of the Faith. And yet the advertising pages of the same publications too frequently carry matter which falsifies or disorts Catholic belief and practice to such an extent that these must appear to non-Ca tholics as superstitious or. merely silly. What must an honest inquirer into Catholicity think when he picks up a Catholic magazine and finds page after page of advertisements for voca tions? Likely enough, the magazine will have some reference in its reading-matter to vocation as a call from God the ads seem to indicate that it comes from a printed appeal. What must the uninstructed reader think of us w hen he finds that, he can store up endless spiritual profits hy sending a quarter to McGillicudy’s Corners where there is “a shrine?” *1 Our own beloved Times has recently come a cropper in this business. Two weeks ago it printed a quarter-page advertisement for rosary-beads—at 98 with lhe amazing, wonderful, colossal, stu pendous. unbelievable charm, feature and irresist ible attraction of Lourdes waler in three of the beads! "Imagine,” cries the ad (which is sprink led with exclamation points, or "astonishers” as Rill Nye aptly calls them) "Imagine praying to Our Blessed Mother and actually touching beads con taining water from the miraculous spring created by Holy Mary!” Any Catholic knows that it was not a Catholic who wrote that line. But that fact is beside the point. The point is that the presence of a few drops of water from Ixuirde* is here made to seem as iVnportant as, or more important than the devout praying of the rosary Of course, no sane Catholic believes anything of the kind. Rut what will those outside the faith, whom we are lo bring lo the knowledge of the faith.—what will they think of our devotion to the rosary and ft e Rlessed Mother as they read this silly advertisement? The purpose of our religion is lo make us holy and get us on to heaven. To this end we cherish the true doctrine by faith: we offer to God true wor ship with His own Church: we gain grace by prayer and the sacraments. Beyond this, and in line with this, we have pious practices, and we use aacra mentals. Rut we never mix up essentials and non essentials so as to put minor things in the place of maior things. To do so would he a denial of the faith itself. Arid yet there are people among nur nwn who are all agog with the importance of this little pil grimage or that largely attended novena. There are people who are ready to travel at great expense and inconvenience to see a spot where a True or even a questionable apparition has occurred the same people usually refuse to make the slightest sacrifice to be present at Holy Mass, or to visit Our Lord, not in anparition but in Real Presence in the nearest parish church. d» There are people, even among nur own. who are unwilling tn devote ten or twelve honestly praverful minutes to the saying of the rosary. Many nt these will be eager to possess beads with Lourdes water in them. And these are the people wh.i give to others, ill-instructed nr outside the Church, an utterly misleading notion nf what the Catholic re ligion is. St. Paul, writing under the divine inspiration, tells the Corinthians that they,-—and we,—are tn give offence to no man “lest our ministry he hlamed.” We have all the ministry of showing, by life and practices, the truth of our necessary relig ion: through us others are to come to the knowl edge of the truth. Our ministry is tn be blamed indeed it we put in the wav of others the stumbling block. the scandal. of a false representation of what we truly helieve. Thus we turn them ,from God instead of drawing them to Him. Ma Waler from lhe spring at Lourdes is something to use with reverence as a distinctly minor object which may remind us of the loving and powerful intercession of the Blessed Mother: it may help us to seek that intercession, and thus it may arouse or increase our devotion. 11 is the devotion that counts, not the water itself. A sick person cured in the spring at Lourdes does not pray to the water, either before his cure or after it is effected he prays to God through Mary, first in petition, and then in thanksgiving. He may not even think of the water itself at all. It offends Catholic sensibility to have Imurdes water advertised as a kind of charm, or gadget, or something to carry around, enclosed in beads, as a sort of super-duper rabbit’Afoot. Against such ad vertising we must make effective protest, for it can do, and is doing, incalculable harm. “Sentire cum ecclesia" is the sane direction for Catholic living the phrase means to conform with e mind and spirit nf the Church. Let us keep first things first. ir ^SH/.VGT05 LETTER Their danger arises from the diabolically clever manner with which the persecutors nf the Church mix up Catholicism and nationalism, religion and patriot ism. and from their efforts to draw a distinction between "scheming Vatican circles” and the Holy Father as spiritual head of the Universal Church. Osservatore Romano has re cently pointed out hnw this LOUS I. BUDENZ Perhaps I may be pardoned for a personal word this week. Sunday, October 11, marks the eighth anniversary of my de parture from the Communist conspiracy and return to the Church. In the midst of the sense of deep gratitude which I wish to share with the readers of this colunm, 1 have done a bit of soul searching. One of the first things 1 did was to pick up the Daily Worker and learn that it still assails me. There was no reassurance in that knowledge. For the ex Z'oinmunist cannot be said to be fulfilling his function unless he harms, retards, and helps break down the conspiracy. When a Communist, lie devot ed so much energy to spreading this spiritual disease of our time that he has no option—if he is sincere in his reformation —but to expand equal or even greater energy to end it And that thought applies, though in a slightly different way. to those who did not fall into "the griev ous sickness’’ that 1 did-—to quote St. Augustine. No Easy Task Two days after this, for me. notable date nf October 11, comes the remembrance nf the great miracle of Our Lady at Fatima Her appeal against atheistic Communism, even be fore it came into power in Soviet Russia, was that we save our selves from it through prayer and also through penance. It is no easy task tn take part In actually eoming tn grips wjth America’s First Christopher ‘Trial’ Reflects Red WASHINGTON—In many re spects the “trial” and sentence of Bishop Czeslaw Kaczmarek before a Polish communist court were strictly in accordance with the pattern traced by the perse cution of Catholic leaders throughout the Soviet orbit. The free world has almost become used to the catalogue of "charg es” which vary little, be it in Yugoslavia or China, in Hungary or Poland of Czechoslovakia. But there is one aspect of the Warsaw u i ci a I proceedings which! according to students of lhe worldwide communist war on religion in general and the Catholic Church in particular, deserves the closest attention. Unless properly understood it may mislead and deceive even those who are friendly toward the Church and abhor the per secution to which she is sub jected. K scheme works. By denouncing the Vatican as the spearhead of all kinds of devious “reaction ary” movements allegedly aim ing to undo the vast political, economic and social changes of the past 50 or 75 years, an ef fort is made to arouse ancient national and racial antgonisms, to stir up old resentments, and to profit by old grievances. Thu*, lor the Catholics of Slo venia and Croatia the Vatican is depicted as the "traditional en emy of the Slavsk’ and the "ally-’ what is termed “Italian im perialistic ambitions” along the Adriatic Sea. In Hungary, an attempt is made to poison the minds of proud, patriotic Hungarians by denouncing the Vatican as a supporter of largely imaginary plans looking toward a restora tion of the Hapsburg monarchy. Both in Czechoslovakia and Poland, the communist propa gandists, exploiting the memor ies of nazi Germany's ruthless sunpression of the Czechs and Poles, peddle spurious i’evi der.ee” showing that the Vati can is 100 per cent on the side nf the Germans and supports German revisionist claims. In China and other Far East ern countries, where the people strive for national independence. A Challenge To Be Met Communism as it operates. Whether on the local level or lhe national scale, he who takes a stand for his country and for God today is bound to be incon venienced, misrepresented, ahd sometimes harassed, But if it be looked upon as a penance and an obligation, then the perform ance of this duty will bring its own satisfaction. Back the Attorney General At this present moment, the Communist conspiracy is de nouncing Attorney General Her bert Brownell with the same venom with which it has gone after others who have sought to restrain it. The move by the At torney General against the Com munist fronts, w hich is so essent ial to American security, has brought a torrent of abuse down upon his head. The September 6 issue of the Daily Worker de clares in a long article that “Brownell is out in the open as a backer of McCarthyism.” Five days later, the National Com mittee of the Communist Party issued a call for action against Brownell. bitterly criticizing his measures against the fronts and even for the arrest of Rob ert Thomnson and Sid Stein, the Red fugitives from justice. No matter what a man’t parti san political advcrcnce may be. he is bound as an American to give encouragement to the At torney General in his effort to bring the Communist fronts be fore the- Subversive Activities Control Board. The call made by the Red leadership will get a big re sponse. and Washington will re ceive many letters protesting against the Department of Jus tice moves. There is an obliga tion upon everyone who wishes actually to halt Communism to Strategy lhe Vatican is denounced as a supporter of European "colonial exploiters” and as an enemy of freedom. Many other examples could be cited to show how communism works mightily to saddle the Holy See with a multitude of un popular political- and social schemes, and thus present it to ignorant minds as a sinister pow er of "reaction.” And, incident ally, jt is not only the commun ists who seek to arouse antagon ism toward the Holy Sec with such methods. The danger is—and according to many reports it is not only a potential, but an acute danger— that such schemes may prove successful with those Catholics who fail lo have a clear concep tion of the spiritual function of the Holy See and allow national and patriotic sentiments and ambitions to becloud their du ties and loyalties toward the Church. That patriotism and Catholic ism are not opposed to each oth er hut are supplementary be comes clear from even an ele mentary knowledge nf Catholic teaching. But communism does not cease in its efforts to con strue a contrast and to exploit faulty conceptions for the bene fit of Red tyrannies. let the Attorney General know that his campaign should go for ward. Organizations as well as individuals can express them selves, and that means that someone must raise the ques tion in various local organiza tions. When we learn what the Com munists are heading up to in their attack on the Department of Justice, we can be even more aware of our responsibilities. The call made by the Red lead ership on September 11 ends with the demand that the FBI be abolished. “What is needed.” this call declares, “is to abolish the secret political police in the United States. The American peo ple arc ir reasingly worried about FBI snooping, recruitment of stool pigeons, and harassment of neighbors and friends.” This totally false series of charges against the FBI will be whispered about, will find those who will gepcat it before groups of all sorts, and thus lay the foundations for what the Reds are seeking. That is nothing other than the "refusing to ’co operate’ with the secret police, by refusing to give information or io finger their neighbors and fellow workers.” The Reds urge that the idea be spread that all door* should be closed “in the faces of FBI snoopers.” It is largely useless to talk about opposing Communism un less, in addition to our prayerrs. we do something about these concrete operations of the con spiracy. Nothing would be more healthful than the spreading of the idea that the defense of America requires every bit of cooperation witji the FBI that can be given. Here is a chall enge laid down hy the Soviet fifth column, that must be met. INQUIRY CORNER Must Stolen Articles Always Be Returned? Q. Does one have to restore a stolen article taken some time ago wifen one did not know about restitution? How do you determine the value of a stolen article to be restored? What if one doesn't know for sure the identity of the owner? A. An object which has been stolen must be restored to its owner. When the person realiz es his obligation to restitution he must restore the object if it is possible. As far as the value is concerned, if the object itself does not exist the equivalent, or dinarily in money, could satisfy the obligation. Ordinarily this would mean the value of the object to be replaced at the market-price at the time of re storation. If the owner can be found restitution must be made to him or his heirs. The effort to find him must be proportion ed to the value of the article in question. If the owner is dead lhe restitution must be made to his heirs. If he cannot be found restitution must be made to the poor or to some pious cause. For personal advice in the matter of restitution Catholics should ask advice in the confessional. Q. What is the Catholic view point regarding the movie "Mar tin Luther"? Are the facts in the picture true—-or how close to the truth do they come! A. For information on movies Catholics should consult the CATHOLIC TIMES, and Catholic magazines. Judging by the pub licity it is scarcely an authentic! historical biography. A film glor ifying a priest who married a nun and left the Church can scarcely be a pleasant film for Catholics. From the available reviews it would seem that the movie attempts to avoid offen sive references to the Catholic Church and tries to conform to the historical facts. In so doing, however, it simply omits the an swers any educated Catholic could give to Luther's questions and objections. One review char acterized the movie as technical ly well done but not true. Cer tainly it does not tell the whole truth, but is designed to present a romantic figure in as favorable a light as possible. Check the Legion of Decency listing in the TIMES. Q. Is it sinful to go into Chuch without something on your head? A. Canon No. 1262 of Canon Law states (in part) .. “The men should assist at divine services, either in church or outside of it, with uncovered heads, unless the RICH 4RD PATTEE approved customs of the people or peculiar circumstances de mand the contrary the women should assist in modest dress and with heads covered, especial ly when they approach the Table of the Ixird.” To disregard these regulations of the Church for due reverence in God's house would be sinful if done deliber ately. Loyal Americans consider it serious if someone deliberate ly keeps his hat on wrhen the flag goes by. Reverence for God is more important. For a man to enter a church with his hat on or a woman without a head cov ering there would have to be a proportionate reason. It would be a grave sin, however, only if done in a spirit of wilful irrever ence. Q. In regard ot fraternal cor rection mentioned in your col umn some time ago does it refer to sms committed when you are present only! A. It is a grave duty to avert sin or the proximate occasion of sin from another. It is not a kind of scolding administered for sins committed but has to do with our duty out of love of our neighbor to keep him from sin. It would be rash to act if reports of the person s sinful actions come to us through gossip or rash judg ment. My neighbor must be in actual spiritual distress, the need must he grave, and there must be some hope that he will profit hy the correction. Ordi narily it is to be administered only when it is the only way to stop a person from sinning i e. when superiors such as parents or the pastor for some reason cannot or do not admonish the person. Q. When a non-Cathohc dies can a priest come in and pray for that person? Is he permit ted to hold a service for that person in a funeral home? Can a non Catholic be buried with a service in a Catholic Church? A. fn particular instances the pastor as a rule is free to de cide whether it is fitting and proper to visit the home or fu neral parlor for private prayers. “To take part in the services o£ any funeral other than a Cath olic funeral.” as a decrefe of the Fifth Synod of the Diocese of Columbus states, “a priest must have the permission of the Ordi nary.” A non-Catholic cannot be buried with a service in a Cath olic Church. Send questions to Rev. Ed ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Corner, The Catholic Times. Box 636. Columbus (16) Ohio. The Church in Sweden As in the other Scandinavian countries, I have tried to find out as much as possible about the stains and future of Catholic ism in Sweden and to set off the conclusions against the background of e national e perament, the social mil ieu and the historical tra dition. Sweden is the country where until most recently, the largest number of restrictions on Cathol icism existed. Whereas in Den mark. Finland and Norway most of the historical obstacles to the restoration of the faith had pass ed into disuse, in Sweden it was but a few months ago when the Church was suffering really or in theory from some of the most vexatious forms of legislation. It is always hard to distinguish between formal and popular re strictions. There can be no doubt that (he Swedish people are th? least sympathetic to Catholicism just as the Norwegian and Dan ish are the most—and the rea son is in part historical. Sweden fancies itself the giant of the north, the staunch defender of Lutheran orthodoxy against its its enemies, and the chosen champion of anti-Catholic'-m. The fact that Sweden’s national greatness coincided with the period during which it stood for Lutherism against its enemies contributes a great4 deal to this state of mind Clergy Civil Servant* The Lutheran Church in Swed en occupies a far more signifi cant position in the national life than elsewhere. Although all the Scandinavian countries are officially Lutheran, there are degrees of support and of en thusiasm. 1 do not mean to imply that the Swedes are particularly good Lutherans- all the evidence seems to point to the fact that most of them could scarcely care less. I heard estimates of actual church attendance that ran from two per cent in Stockholm to possibly ten per cent in the countryside and small towns. At best, the adherence of the Swed ish people to the state church does not constitute much more than a gesture and a question of social prestige. The Lutheran ministers are civil servants. 1 was astonished tn discover that in the cities they have offices, exactly like doctors or lawyers, and put in a normal working day, attending largely to the numerous civil jobs that fall to their lot. Prec ious little seems to be done in encouraging anything like a spir itual revival among the people. In point of fact the ordinary pastor seems to have extremely little time for it. Catholic Refugaat The (,'atholic Church operates under innumerable handicaps. The Swedes feel much mors strongly than other Scandinav ians about anything that savors of the invasion of popery. But there is one outstanding fact which from the Catholic point of view sets Sweden off from all of Scandinavia and that is the tremendous influx of refugees from eastern and central Europe. Before t|jc war there were only about 5.000 Catholics in Sweden: today there are 18.000, the great majority of them Sud eten Germans, Poles, Lithuanians and others who have fled the Red tyranny. They are scatter ed over Sweden, engaged largely in industry. The task of °aring for them is formidable and one for which the Church is ill-equip ped. The number of priests for the whole country is under 50. One priest handles all northern Sweden. Even the larger cities have at best only one small Ca tholic chapel, accommodating perhaps 200 people. I visited the Catholic church in Helsingborg and in Goteborg, two rather typical southern cit ies. Both edifices are tucked away out of sight, served by a single priest with a few nuns for supplementary work. Bishop Arsgar Nelson. Auxiliary of Stockholm, told me of the enor mous burden of integrating this new population into anything like a cohesive Catholic commun ity. Sterile Atmosphere In Sweden Catholicism does not have as much intellectual prestige as in Norway or Den mark. There is no Sigrid Undset. no Johannes Jorgensen to give tone and caliber to Catholic thought. The environment smells of hostility to such an extent that no recognition at all is giv en to Catholicism as anything other than a minor denomination working among Poles and other peoples who probably do not know any better. While recognizing the collect ive virtues of the Swedes and their capacity to construct a working corhmunity. I found the atmosphere quit? frankly de pressing and sterile. It was W’ith considerable pleasure that I em barked at Goteborg on a slow cnastal steamer fpr the trip up the coast and to Oslo.