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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Oct. 16, 1953
business
The
of Ohio
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THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address to
P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio
Executive and Editorial Offices:
246 £. own Street, Columbus 15, Ohio
Telephones: ADams 5195 ADatns 5196
Address all communications for publication
to P. O. Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio
rrice or I be Catholic I lines is V" per year. All
lubacriptlona should be presented to our office through
sb* pastor? of the parishes.
Since
parochial
amendme
Remittances should be made payable to The Cath-
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
Educational Grab-Bag
On November 3, Election Day- the voters of
Ohio will be called upon to decide for or against a
proposed amendment to the Ohio Constitution to
create a State Board of Education. The Amendment,
as proposed, is vague, non-defined and misleading.
To the question. Who will serve on this School
Board?, no implication is given in the state amend-
ment other than leaving it
Legislature.
Shall the School Board
ernor? by the Legislature? I
be elected according to the
state district
hy the
Board
ted by the Gov
e School Board
n of authorized
ard be elected
hall the School
The an answer
the serious
ul ion.
if the State
s political
now any
of this ?x
nent.
onal supervision
I progressive. Is
of tried prmci
ry and political
have purposely
dministraf ion of
this particularly
from political
vnge which they
emove education
i thev desire to
'ducation into a
voters have at
Pack
outli itli I* ailh
cigarettes suddenly seems
has consistently evoked a
the buyer who has to
and it has annoyed the
nge did not include the
i a pack from a vending
1 in a new light. It is not
he average amount given
on Mission Sunday, The
arettes appears. then, as
ge Catholics concern for
billion and one hundred
ot know Christ, their Sav
measure of his faith, hope
ke a tragedy for a tre-
over impressed by the
tivity, too happy that
id missioners now, and
Amid u e cream parlor forays, Eddie Fisher re
cordings and "hot rod' tinkering American young
people do some serious thinking This is evidenced
in the theme of National atholic \outh Week a
theme by the way, chosen by the young people
themselves.
WiituHc aiiv plodding from ohi’.leis 'hey have
spoken up !. ,v li.it \iinm.is hept i» \(l I li
Hl/li I Xlfll. I hat will be their nil's age during
he coming week of October 18 to 25 when the more
than six million youth call attention to their ideals.
The youth groups observing the .special week
which is spun oied by the Youth Department of
National atholic Welfare (onference, work with
more than ideal* alone. They include young people
of all creeds and denominations who take positive
that can be applied to everyday doings
Working to fill pre-em day need*, these groups
have included young service nu n in lheir activities
encouraged pre induction training cuiiixe spurred
youth participation in civil defense and blood donor
drives, and "adopted and aided war impoverished
Korean families.
During National atholic Youth Meek there will
be rther sampifs of thi* adnn throughout the
U S. when the young people get together to take
par* in orr-'er* for peace, daily church attendance
at Maas, and family religious observance* elimaxing
the week on the Feast of Christ the King, Octo
ber 25.
When six million American young people strive
for such positive ideals, they deserve more than
adult commendation. With encouragement of “Youth
With Faith.” the U.S. might lessen its fears of the
power of communist infiltration, of immorality in
high places, of unsound principles among nations
and of increasing “adult delinquency'’ which result
in parental neglect, broken homes and immorality.
These "Youth With Faith’’ are surely America's
hope. It’s now adult America's turn to place some
faith in youth!
Just Among Ourselves
Passing Commsrvt Considered er Inconsiderate
In our commentary on the inept advertise
ment for rosary-beads containing water from the
fountain at Lourdes, we said that the first sentence
of the bally-hoo could not possibly have been writ
ten by a Catholic. The line reads, “Imagine Pray
ing to Our Blessed Mother and Actually Touching
Beads Containing Water from the Miraculous Spring
Created by Holy Mary!” This line is not only a faul
ty' expression of Catholic devotional feeling it is
also a faulty example of Catholic language.
For we Catholics.—at least the English-speak
ing millions of us,—never use the phrase, “Holy
Mary,” except in direct address. We use the term
in the Litanies we use it in the second part of the
Hail Mary. We use the words when vve call on the
Blessed Mother. We never use them as a name when
we are speaking of her. We speak of her as Our
Blessed Mother, as the Blessed Mother, as Our Lady,
as the Mother of God, as the Blessed Virgin, and
call her by a variety of other names, such as Our
Lady of Good Counsel, or Our Lady of Victory, or
Mother of Perpetual Help, but we never speak of
her in the third person as "Holy Mary.” That is
why we know, and know for certain, that the
copy writer who prepared the ad for the aqueous
beads is not a Catholic.
It is impossible, or almost so, for a person of
one culture to speak the language of another with
anything like convincing ease. The "perfect mimic”
is always far from perfect. A quick proof of the
point can be had by looking at the frequent at
tempts of British writers (even of so keen and
clever, not to sav deeply learned, a writer as G.K.C.)
to give a fictional report of the conversation of
Americans. And Americans, in turn, are quite as
unfair and unreal in their attempts to imitate the
casual British speech.
The thing is true even of varying dialects within a
country. The easterner trying to impersonate a mid
westerner is as pathetic as a northern, citizen at
tempting to imitate the soft accents and quaint phras
ing of the deep south. Foreign accent is not all a
matter of tones and pronunciation: it is al*o a
matter of choice of words and phrases. And this
choice is a thing that becomes almost a second
nature in persons brought up in a certain place,
and in others who have lived there long enough
and familiarly enough to acquire this second nature.
I,et any others attempt an imitation, and they will be
instantly spotted as phonies.
Our ad writer does not speak the language of
the household ot the taith. He gives himself away in
his very first utterance, as mere imitators always
do. And he manages, in that same utterance to get
the second toot into his mouth. For he mentions the
fountain at Lo urdes as 'created hy Holy Mary.”
There, in those four little words, the writer gives
two distinct proofs that he is not a atholic.
For, in addition to the give away of his use of
Holy Mary as a name for Our Blessed Mother, he
uses the word created as no instructed Catholic
would use it. To create it to make tomething out
of nothing lo produce a thing in its entirety with
out any sori of material to work upon. Now, creation
is a work proper to Almighty God. Only God can
create. It i* true that the language of news-reports
uses the word create in a very loose way. A Baris
gown is called a creation^ certain concurring inci
dents are said to create a situation: the President
is said to create a new bureau or committee we
even hear of Cardinals being created. But in matters
touching religion, is doctrine or devotion, we
Catholics use the word i». its strict meaning we
rightly ascribe creation to God alone.
The account of the apparitions of Our Blessed
Lady at Lourdes, ax given in the Roman Breviary,
tells us that the spring which was already under
ground and was presently to burst forth and flow
openly, wag mentioned to St. Bernadette by the
Blessed Virgin. It was through Mary that this sign
was to he given it was by Mary s intercession that
the waters of the spring were to be the instrument
of miraculous benefits to mankirjn. But Mary did
not create the spring, nor did sne create its in
strumental power.
The Blessed Mother did not create the fountain
at Lourdes, and no instructed Catholic,—no Catholic
familiar with ordinary Catholic language would
say that she did. And thus we know that the man
who wrote the eager appeal to Catholics to buy
watery beads is not himself a Catholic. You may’
say, "What difference does it make? The man was
merely trying to sell something. And, trying to sell
something of a religious nature to Catholics, he
would try to talk like a Catholic. He failed in the
talk —and we hope he tails in the attempt to make
sales. But why should we care whether he is a
Uatholic?”
Well, aside from the fact that every Catholic
cares very much about people being outside the
Church, we have a reasonable resentment against
an outsider who pretends to be one of us. and urges
what he thinks a pious practice upon us, merely
for the sake ot lining his own pockets. We resent
the impersonation as well as the imposition. We
do not like to be victimized by an unworthy Catholic
in matters touching, however remotely, our holy
religion we like even less to be victimized in such
matters by a lake Catholic.
The familiarity with characteristic speech and
function which comes of living in a place or in a cul
ture. comes from nothing else, and cannot be suc
cessfully imitated. Only yesterday, we heard a TV
announcer speaking in deep and solemn accents (al
most like Edward R. Murrow, "The voice of doom’)
as he described the funeral service for the Green
lease child recently murdered by kidnappers. He
explained that the service at the grave was "the
Mass ot the Angels.” and indicated the white sur
plices of clergy and acolytes as symbolic of the in
nocence of the dead child.
Why are people so ready to speak of things
Catholics when they don't know the language?
They are forever al it. They recall the old story of
the tramp who stopped at a ('atholic rectory, sure
of an easv touch He told the priest he was a
Catholic. The priest asked him to recite the "our
ather I he tramp made a toor fist of this assign
ment. Much amused, but keeping his countenance,
the priest then asked the man to say the "Hail
Mary." He wa* unable to make a start. Later, the
tramp informed a fellow traveller that he had said
the "Our Father” for the priest, and had been
given a dollar. "What!” cried the other, "he gave
you a dollar, for knowing the "Our Father’!” "Yes.”
said the tramp, "and if 1 had known Mary Haley, I'd
have got two dollars!”
Most of the non-Cathohcs who try to talk the
Catholic language are of the Mary Haley school.
.1.
WASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON—(NC) The
brutal destruction of a Catholic
village in Israel within recent
days underscores anew the pre
carious position of Christians in
Israel. It also emphasizes that
the world community should
take effective measures to in
sure the adequate protection of
Christian shrines in all Pales
tine. and particularly in the Jer
usalem area.
Reliable news reaching here
states that the (atholic village
of Kafr Biram, situated about
three miles from the Lebanese
frontier, was destroyed by’ incen
diary bombs and dynamite on
September 16 and 17. De.*troyed
with the village was the atholic
church ihere.
This destruction took place
while the Catholic villagers were
hopefully waiting for favorable
action on their petition to return
to their homes and farms from
which they were forcibly ousted
at the end of 1948.
During the intervening years
the Catholic church at Kafi Bir
am was profaned several times,
the houses robbed. The villagers
were forbidden to cultivate their
land or live in their homes.
Destruction of Christian prop
erty in Israel is not something
new. There were repeated acts
of vandalism and profanation in
EAT HER HIGGINS
Ten or fifteen years ago many
people were saying that the
Amei lean Federation of Labor
had seen its best days, that it
would event
ually have to
take second
place, in terms
of infl u e n e
and prestige,
to the more dy
namic Congress
of Industrial
Organizati o ns
which was then
riding the crest
of the wave.
Even as recently as the em' of
World War II the AFL was be
ing written off. prematurely, by
some students of the American
labor movement as an ultracon
aervative and slightly fossilized
organization whose future was
behind it.
The AFL* convention in St.
Louis—by all odds one of the
most important trade union con
ventions in recent years—-demon
strated that these earlier proph
ecies about the decline or de
mise of the AFL were worse
than premature they were com
pletely unwarranted. The AFL
convened in St. Louis during
the week of September 20 with
a membership almost twice as
large as that of the CIO and, un
der the extraordinarily caoable
leadership of its new president,
George Meany, gave every indi
cation of being a highly progress
ive organization with a limitless
future ahead of it.
President Meany is the man
of the year in the American la
bor movement. Great things can
be expected of him. A man of
considerable intelligence and
sterling character, he gives prom
ise of developing into one nf the
greatest labor leaders in the his­
Catholic Youth Week, Oct. 18-25
t,
Christian Insecurity In Israel
the Jewish area during the Pales
tine fighting and some since.
The important thing is that
these incidents are continuing
at the present time when there
can be no more excuses that
they are due to "irresponsible
elements” or are the result of
"wartime excesses.”
It is also noteworthy that Ca
tholic villages have been destroy
ed in this brutal manner while
Moslem villages even nearer the
Arab-Israel frontier have not
been touched, nor have their in
habitants been molested.
The crux of the matter is
whether Catholics can live in
peace in Israel. It is not a ques
tion of Arab refugees scattered
in other countries, but of people
who are citizens of Israel. They
did not flee to other lands. They
wished to remain in that part
of Palestine now called Israel
and they have the right to re
main there and live in peace,
particularly because they were
never involved in the Arab-Jew
i,*h conflict.
The Kafr Biram incident came
to light a* a new call was made
before the United Nations Gen
eral Assembly for effective action
by that body to internationalize
Jerusalem and its environs.
The call came from the Leban
ese delegate, Charles Malik, who
read before the 60 nation \«*em-
Limitless Future For AFL
tory of the United States. Ag
gressive and absolutely fearless
in fighting for the rights of la
or. he is, at the same time, deep
ly conscious of labor’s responsi
bility to the nation as a ^shole
and the emerging world com
munity.
First Things First
As former Secretary of Labor
Martin Durkin phrased it in
nominating Meany for the presi
dency of the AFL. he is a man
who puts his God. his family, and
the country before his union—
and, as Durkin very appropriate
ly added, that's the way it should
be. The country is indeed very
fortunate to have a man like
tha’ at the helm of its largest
and most powerful trade uninn
federation al a critical period in
world history when labor’s in
fluence for weal or woe is po
tentially greater thUn ever be
fore.
To say that the AFL is our
largest and most powerful labor
organization is not to belittle the
importance of the CIO. The CIO
is a going concern with a special
importance all its own. In spite
o the fact that its membership
is only half as largc as that of
the AFL, the CIO it must be
remembered exercises or is in a
position to exercise a dispropor*
tier ite influence, I at i v e ly
soezking, in the field of collec
tive bargaining.
Equal Partners
If the above estimate of the
CTO’s disuroportionate influence
in the field of collective bar
gaining is reasonably valid, the
*AFL in our opinion would be
well advised, for practical as
well as for ethical reasons, to
treat the CIO as an equal part
ner working in a common cause
fnr substantially the same ob
jectives. Any attempt on the part
bly a letter sent to U.N. Secre
tary General Dag Hammarskjold
from the Catholic Near East
Welfare Association. The letter
protested the recent move of lhe
Israeli government offices from
Tel Aviv to Jerusalem as an in
fringement of Christian intei e.*ts
and a violation of the U.N. reso
lutions. After reading lhe let
ter Dr. Malik himself demanded
that the entire area of Jerusalem
be placed under "effective inter
national supervision.”
Internationaliz.ation of Jerusa
lem has several times been vot
ed hy the UN. General Assem
bly’ but has never been effective
ly carried out. The Holy F'ather
has repeatedly called for this in
ternationalization as the only
genuine way’ to safeguard Chris
tian shrines in the area. None
of the so-called "compromises”
suggested by’ Israeli authorities
have ever found favor with Ca
tholic officials.
In addition to Nazareth, these
other important Christian shrines
are now in Israeli-controlled
areas: the Shrine of the Dormi
tion, venerated as the place
where the Blessed Virgin died
and was assumed into Heaven
the House of Caiphas on Mount
Zion where Christ was held a
captive b'efore his crucifixinn.
and the Cenacle, where Christ
instituted the Holy Eucharist.
of the AFL a* the stronger fed
eration to lord it over the CIO
or to treat it like an orphan or a
stepchild would be a reckless
disservice to the cause of labor
unity to which the AFL and the
CIO are officially committed.
Th* no-raiding pact adopted
by the AFL convention in St.
Louis was George Meany’s way
of saying that he sincerely be
lieves in labor unity and is pre
pared to negotiate with the CIO
in a spirit of good faith «nd mut
ual respect. President Walter
Reuther of the CIO is expected
to sponsor a similar treaty of
peace at the forthcoming CIO
convention in November.
These convention resolutions
are all to the good. It is an open
secret, however, that son.? of the
associates of Meany and Reuther
are not prepared to ratify the
no-raiding agreement. Meany and
Ruether will have to use all of
the influence and prestige at
their command to keep the
peace within and between their
respective federations. Even if
they fail to establish organic un
ity between the two federations,
let us hope that they will at least
find it possible to agree upon a
satisfactory formula for mutual
cooperation between the two or
ganizations on behalf of social
justice. From the ethical point
of view it is absolutely disgrace
ful for ambitious trade union
buccaneers within either feder
ation to go on wasting th? money
of th? rank and fil? on .jurisdic
tional disputes and interunion
raiding. For this is hard-earned
money that ought to he used to
service existing unions more ef
fectively and to organize the
great mass of unorganized work
ers totaling well over 50 per
cent of the working force in
American industry.
INQUIRY CORNER
RICHARD PATTEE
What Is Meaning Of
General Absolution?
Q. What is general absolution?
What does it do and when ts
it given?
A. It refers to the Sacrament
of Penance given without con
fession of sins. It has the full
power to remove sins and give
the graces of the Sacrament, pro
vided the person is sorry. It is
given in an emergency, as to sol
diers on combat duty, when indi
vidual confession is impossible.
Each individual must mention
the sins in their next confession
in much the same way as vve
would mention a sin we had for
gotten to confess. This term is
also used to refer to a blessing
of the Church, to which a ple
nary indulgence is attached, giv
en at stated times to religious
and third order members.
’Q. Is it true that “Buffalo Bill”
was a Catholic? Stephen
Douglas?
'A. The Catholic Almanac states
that he became a Catholic on his
deathbed. He was baptized on
January 9, 1917. Stephen Doug
las, Senator from Illinois and
candidate for presidency against
Lincoln, also was converted dur
ing his last illness.
Q. What is a dispensation? If
it is the changing of a law' for
a particular person how can it
be squared with Gods unchang
ing law?
A. A dispensation is the re
laxation of a law a particular
case. The law is no/ changed. It
is established for the common
good, but in a particular case it
may be more beneficial to make
an exception. Christ gave the
Apostles and the Church power
to "bind” and to “loose” be
cause it is here on earth to take
His place. The fundamental laws
of God do not admit of dispen
sations but Church laws may be
dispensed by priests and bishops
in the ways and under circum
stances established by the
Church. The need of penance is
stated by Christ and the Church
established days of fasting and
abstinence. Dispensations cannot
touch the need for penance, but
simply make exceptions in cas
es where this or that penance
constitutes a disproportionate
burden for a certain person or
group of persons.
Q. Why cannot religion be a
Vital ter of loving God without
dogma and laws invented long
after Christ?
A. Dogma means an opinion or
belief authoritatively stated, per
taining to faith or morals. The
dogmas of the Catholic Church
contain the truths revealed by
God and taught by His Church
for our guidance in the matter
of loving God and our neighbor.
A religion without ideas is mean
ingless and Christ’s words: "He
who believes and is baptized
shall be saved, but he who does
Norway Revisited
OSLO—I saw Norway for the
first time 22 years ago, arriv
ing at Bergen from Neu' York
via the Norwegian American
Line. It was a Sunday then,
early in the
morning, and I
imagined that
Bergen would
be the last
place where I
could hear
Mass. To my
astonishment 1
found that not
only was Mass
celebrated but
that a large
convent of
nuns existed in
that west Nor­
wegian port and that its Ca
tholic life, if not precisely
flourishing, was at least active.
Norway has long been mv fa
vorite among the Scandinavian
countries, largely because it is
mountainous. After two and a
half months of lakes and pine
forests, anything above a hun
dred feet looks extremely good.
Also, Norway is pleasanLand has
retained to a very large degree
its rural outlook. The sea and
the hard life in agriculture hav*
given the Norwegian people
their character and resistance.
Individualism, Bluntness
Norway is perhaps the most in
tensely individualistic land in
the north. Conformism is not
particularly popular. The citizen
who stands out for his unique
ness wins a respect and admira
tion inconceivable in Sweden.
This is perhaps the secret of
Sigrid Undset. She was certain
ly not admired because she was
a Catholic, but because she was
first of all a genius and said
things that her fellow country
men could not deny were brill
iantly said and because she was
a Catholic. Paradoxically her
Catholicism won for her a cer
tain grudging admiration be
cause she chose to be different
from everyone else.
Another quality of the Nor
wegian mind is its extraordinary
bluntness. Bishop Mangers of
Olso told me how. at the recent
Trondheim festivities marking
the 800th anniversary of the in
troduction of Christianity, one or
two of the speakers spoke out
with extraordinary candor about
the disintegration of Lutheran
ism and termed the Catholic
faith the sole bulwark nf vanitv
in the world today. Thia might
not believe shall be condemned”
(Mark 16:16) indicates His “dog
ma". When God teaches through
His Church it is not a matter of
offensive authoritarian teaching,
but of necessary presentation of
the truth needed for our salva
tion.
Q. Who was St. John Bosco?
A. St. John Bosco, founder of
the Salesian Society, was born in
Piedmont in 1815 and worked as
a secular priest in Turin. He was
especially noted for his influence
over boys and young men. In
1842 he founded his Oratory for
housing and training poor boys.
He also founded a congregation
of nuns dedicated to similar
work among girls. He died in
1888.
Q. What is an interdict? Ex
communication? Suspension?
A. “An interdict is a censure
or medicinal penalty by which
the faithful (lay .and clerics),
though remaining in the com
munion of the Church, are de
prived of certain sacraments and
other sacred things. It differs
from excommunication, which
severs from communion with the
other faithful, and from suspen
sion, which is inflicted only on
clerics.” (“Dictionary of Dog
matic Theology Parente) An
interdict may be placed upon a
certain territory or parish, de
priving that place of some or all
of the privileges of Catholics.
Individuals may go to Mass and
the sacraments in another par
ish, whereas when a person is ex
communicated he is excluded
from reception of Holy Com
munion anywhere until he has
been absolved.
Q. When was the second half
of the Hail Mary added?
A. In the earlier part of the
twelfth century only the angel's
salutation (Hail Mary, full of
grace, the Lord is vv ith thee) was
in general use. At that time the
words of St. Elizabeth were join
ed so that the first half of the
Hail Mary was taken from the
Gospel of St. Luke (1:28, 42).
The second half of the prayer
.became general by the middle
of the sixteenth century. St.
Bernardino of Siena was possibly
the first person to add this sec
ond half.
Q. What is an evangelist?
A. Among Catholics the word
is applied only to the authors of
the four Gospels, Saints Mat
thew, Mark, Luke and John. In
apostolic times it seems to have
had the force of our word
“missionary”. The Gospels are
the "Good Tidings” (the mean
ing of the Greek words from
which evangelist comes).
Send questions to Rev. Edward
F. Healey, The Inquiry Corner,
The Catholic Times, Box 636,
Columbus 16, Ohio.
have been striking enough per
se, but done in the presence of
a Lutheran bishop it revealed
something of the way the mind
operates in Norway. There is a
certain crudity, energy dnd force
iulness in Norway that is not
to be found in Sweden.
The land is poor in Norway
far poorer than in Sweden. The
ravages of war have not yet
been overcome. Half of Norway
was destroyed during the fierce
fighting in the center and north.
The fleet has had to be restored,
fishing revived and the minor in
dustrial life reconstituted.
The Capital
Oslo is by far the most sympa
thetic city in Scandinavia, 1 find,
in the sense that even though
Catholicism is a minority and
hardly visible, the atmosphere
does not seem to exude hostility
of any kind. By no means as so
phisticated or as elegant as
Stockholm. Incomparably less so
than Copenhagen, it compares in
some ways with Helsinki. An
agreeable, cozy sort of city,
where nothing much happens,
the tourist bent on a giddy night
life might better pass it up. It
is not even a particularly beauti
ful city unless one concentrates
entirely on the natural scenery
that forms its backgrrnnd. The
architecture is pretty terrible.
Away from the center—along
Karljohansgate from the railway
station to the royal palace—there
really isn't anything. Nothing
really remains of medieval. The
only touch of it is found in the
remarkable outdoor museum at
Bygdy where 17th-century rural
hiiildings are displayed in what
looks like a cinema setting for
the filming of Kristin Iavrans
datter.
No Nonsense
But Norway has strength and
power and vitality. It took the
worst beating during the war of
any country save Finland. The
occupation was. I suppose, the
most gruelling of almost any Eu
ropean nation. Out of it all came
a rebirth which shows itself in
the unstinting adherence of Nor
way to the Atlantic Pact—and
this in spite of a she:! common
frontier with the Soviet Union.
Norway knows where it stands
and goes in for no nonsense.
There is something comforting
this impecunious nation
whose surface is much like all
Scandanavia. But underneath the
surface are th? virtu s—and the
faults of the^ Vikings, marauders
and seamen of the past.

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