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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, October 23, 1953, Image 4

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4—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday, Oct. 23, 1953
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio
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P. O. Box 636 Columbus. Ohio
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246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio
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Pre»
of Th« Catholic Time* |S per year. Al)
subscription, should bo presented U our off Kt through
the pastors of the parishes.
Remittance# should be made payable to The Cath
olic Timee.
Anonymous communications will be disregarded.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views
or opinions expressed in the communications of our
correspondents.
Entered Second Class Matter at Post Office,
Columbus, Ohio.
St. »ancu de Sales, Patron of the Cathohe Press
and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Us!
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
Academic Freedom!
Battlecrieu and slogans are wonderful things.
They are infectious and invigorating. Whole periods
of history, great movements of the past, are often
recalled today solely hy a few telling words, a
phrase that epitomize the characteristics of bygone
causes.
These pat phrases, though, often do far more
than serve merely as names. They become, in their
frequent and wide spread use, the first line of de
fense of the proponents of the causes which gave
birth to them. They are taken by these people to be
explanatory talismen, magic phrases that explain
away all defects and destroy all opposition.
Such a battlecry is that woefully overworked
Slogan of good old POAUers: “Separation of Church
and State'.” Scratch one of these boys with any
“needle and they automatically, phonograph like.
Sing out: “Separation of Church and State!”
They use this phrase so much that all evidence
points to it being almost innate. Their children
probably use it as an excuse for being late for
school or for sassing the Old Man.
And so it is that we welcome, only because it will
break the monotony, a new phrase, a new’ patented,
all embracing explanation that we predict will be
come this year as ever present and obnoxious as
’’Separation of Church and State.'”
In fact, this phrase may even outstrip the older
refrain for low-spot on the hiss parade because it
will be used by the boys with a bunch of letters
behind then names anil who wear pince-nez glasses
on the end of a long satin leash. The phrase is
"Academic Freedom!” For the fullest effect, when
using it. the voice should be pitched high and the
nearest table dealt a resounding blow.
This phrase is used indiscriminately by 1hoe
whose fitness to teach the youth of the country
has been called into question They use it both
to explain and defend their action in the classroom
Towards the end of last year s school terms, we
were given the opportunity of seeing just how the
new battle-cry would be used Even if a person was
shown to be as Red as they come, the thousands of
misguided would acream: “Academic Freedom!”
and act as if this made everything just fine.
It does no such thing Academic Freedom vaken
at face value means the freedom of the umvcwitv
or college. Extended it means the freedom of auch
an institution to carry out its function nf imparting
knowledge. truth It never did. even under the wild
est lexicngraphei mean the freedom I* teach error
disguised as the truth.
No one, by virtue of the fact that he is a profes
sor ha* the right undei academic freedom of foist
ing his personal, erroneous beliefs on the unsus
pecting student.
Teaching Communism with an explanation of its
basicalh erroneous and diabolical philosophv is one
thing Teaching it under the guise of truth is quite
another.
No one cavils at the idea of teaching the truth
about ommunism It should be and is being done
in a number nf colleges and seminaries The future
of this country may well depend on the present gen
erat ion of young people knowing just exactly what
Communism is and means This is true “Academic
Freedom.”
To permit Communistic ideas to “leak” into the
teaching of any subject, though is the worst kind
of sedition because it is so far-reaching.
Academic freedom1 Sure Rut let s define our
phrases
Slow Down At Sundown!
Motorists Autumns twilight houis bring added
driving hazards due to poor visibility. That tricky
half light on the highway between the dusk nf sun
act and night time causes a sharp increase in auto
mobile accidents.
Pedestrians especially children, are hard to spot
at twilight That's why the Safety Council of the
of reminds you to slow down at sundown.”
A Step Touard Home?
Every once in a while, an indication is given
between the lines of a newastory that can be noticed
like the beginning of a faint but welcome breeze.
True it may not be much mote than an almost im
perceptible movement like air that barely rustles
the leaves, but it could mean the coming of blessed
relief to thousands.
Such an indication might he taken from a news
story that came out of Switzerland this week
book published there, called “IJ Confession”, calls
for the “Reintroduction” of the practice of auricular
confession in the Reformed or Presbyterian
churches.
The author of this new book is Max Thurian,
founder of the Protestant monastic community of
Cluny at Taize. France who upholds confession as
a Sacrament The book is published by the well
known Protestant firm of Delachaux and Nieatle of
Neuchatel and includes a preface by Pastor Marc
Boegner, president of the Protestant Federation of
France.
Professor Jacques Courvoisier. dean of the Prot
extant Theological Faculty of the niversity nf Ge
neva, supports the book arguments and said that
it was only the obligatory character of penance that
the early Reformers denied adding that the Protest
ant hurches subsequently threw out the baby
with the bathwater."
This discussion of the restoration of confession
in Calvanistw circles Geneva being the headquai
ters of the Presbyteran World Alliance recalls an
earlier interest in the same subject among German
Lutherans which has led in recent years to a small
but growing use of the confessional in Lutheran
quarter*.
The fact that it is being started in this instance
by a Protestant monastic group recalls also that
this mirror* the first steps taken by othei such
groups in their long walk back Home
Having severed the unbroken chain of priesthood
upon which the validity of this Sacrament depends,
we know that a* a movement in itself this restora
tion is doomed to failure.
But that’* just where we noticed the beginnings
of that breeze. It is an indication that these people
are thinking and realizing that something is miss
ing. And they are advocating moving in a direction
that i* nearer tn the Church that was their Home
instead of farther away from it.
This could be, with our prayer*, a very eneeurag
ing first step homeward. We reeafl Father Paul,
founder of the Greymoor Fnara of the Atonement
(originally a Protestant monastic order, and or
iginators—while still outside the Church—of the
Church now Chair of Unity Octave) telling of their
gradual return to Rome. Auricular confession was
one of these steps.
In discussing this question of restoration. Prot
estant Professor Courvoisier uses a pregnant phrase.
He says that as a result of abandoning the practice
of auricular confession, Protestant Churches are
losing their members to Catholicism or to the
psychiatrist. (The italics are ours.)
Losing, Professor? God grant it is a loss like that
mentioned by Christ when He said, “He that loses
his life shall find it!”
Just Among Ourselves
Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate
When I get around to assembling the anthology
of verse that will make a master-tome of at least
3000 folio pages, I shall omit, eschew, debar, exclude,
rebuff, and excoriate that addlepated anonymity
who wrote the pre-Chaucerian Cuckoo Song. “Sumer,”
he remarks, "is icumen in, Lhude sing cuccu!” Old
Man Anonymous never wrote anything sillier. Nor
anything more permanent. For more than 700 years
now, pupils in Middle English A have had to exclaim
over that abandoned cuccu, and to admire the quaint
ness of a spelling which is even less orthodox, if pos
sible, than their own.
What is the secret of this enduring power in a
trifle? If the unknown author of these lines should
someday appear and prove title, he could collect
enough back royalties to make him a shining target
for the Internal Revenue Boys, and have enough left
over after taxes to start his own give-away program
on TV. The Cuckoo Show.—a sure fire title!
What makes me think bitterly of this Cuckoo Song
is not merely the fact that it was a thing to be mem
orized (God knows why) in youth, but that its ending
line, variously adapted, keeps ’•ecurring, despite all
efforts to keep it out, to meet the exigencies of
modern living. Right now. I find myself muttering,
as the mail comes in daily, that something else is
icumen in, that is to say, Christmas.
For, since mid August, the fruit-growers of Cali
fornia and Oregon, the Quaint People up in New
England, and the proprietors of Old Mills, and Old
Country Stores, have been bending the back of the
postman with cute little folders and booklets replete
with proclamations and pictures of products calcu
lated to make Christmas giving a rollicking, if some
what expensive, adventure. Lhude sing cuccu!
You don’t want to have to join the press and
throng in crowded stores, do you? Of course
not! Just sink hack in your easy chair, and make your
selections Horn thee dainty booklets. Afterwards,
when you have gone to the trouble of sitting down
at a desk or table, you can write out an order, and
send it, with check, and your Christmas shopping
is all finished. Re an arm-chair giver! Get rid of your
duties the easy way! Charm all your Christmas donees
with unusual gifts, and make them understand that
you are thoughtful enough of them to avoid all care
and labor on their behalf, and send them something
out of a mail-order book!
Well, it is just as appropriate to send gifts in this
fashion as to send a printed or engraved card with
copyrighted sentiments on it. And the advertisements
would not be so oppressive if they were straightfor
ward statements of goods for sale. But this is by no
means the case. The ads are more and more tending
to the coy, the cute, the demure, the tricksy.
For instance, the fruit-growers of our far west
and northwest who do a massive trade by express,
especially at Christmas time, are apparently so tick
led with their fruits and their fortunes, that they
cannot tell a person about their merchandise they
have to gush about it in girlish glee. If they have
big and juicy pears for sale, they describe them as
“fat ’n luscious!” An interesting inability to use
the word and has hit the fruit-men like a growing
blight in their orchards they seldom say and they
shorten it to “’n”, especially in paired adjectives,
and no pun intended.
Sometimes hey assume the folksy tone and say,
“Jim 'n Jerry have been scurrying like rabbits all
over this great fruit paradise to find something ex
tra-special for you and your friends this Christmas.
’N what do you think! They have found half a doz
en dandy items that you just won’t want Io miss.
For example, way off there in Obejumbee. Wash
ington. they found a new kind of marinated melon
rind that you simply gotta taste—umnmtnm! We
have packed up a nice lot of this gourmets special
in hig, husky two-'n a half ounce jars. Three of these
tn a wonder-box designed hy Schmalz, the noted
architect, will come to you gaily bedecked with
yards n yards of red 'n green ribbon n holly-berry,
for $4 98!
a a
From the lower valleys of the date and palm
cotnrs a rustic rumble as Bucolic Ben puts in his
two-cents’ worth. “Wai. folks,” the ads read, “I just
come in from a trip around my orchards, and if
this ain't the jim-dandiest year fer fine eatin’ fruits,
my name ain’t Old Ben Perkins! Say, you oughta see
my ’cots! Golden yellow charmers that yer eye lights
up to behold! And big! Gosh a’mighty. you’ll never
believe it till you see ’em. And full o' juice! Land
sakes, you can never eat these 'cots out o’ yer hand
git a bowl, a big ’un, ‘n a spoon! Yes, I mean fer
one 'cot. Rut wait till you git a glimpse o’ my prunes!
Rig as ostrich eggs and twice as wrinkled!”
a
Now, there may be advertising pull in such
stuff as this. There must be. lor the advertisers stay
in business year after year. But for one lone sub
scriber who now buys his fruits at the nearest mar
ket, this sort of advertising evokes only the sad re
frain of “IJiude sing cuccu!” I hate that doggone
poem, but what else is there to say?
Down Maine and Vermont way. the quaint old
country stores send out notices of wonderful bar
gains in quaint nld sap buckets, and quaint old
braided rugs, and quaint old hurricane lamps, and
quaint old wall mottoes, and quaint old antimacas
sars for your non existent quaint old chairs. Bar
gains. do we nay? Well, yes. if you don't care much
about the meaning of your quaint old words.
Ah, what nostalgic reminiscence stirs in the
hearts of people who never saw a country store,
as they look at the cover-picture of the Christmas
Catalogue! There’s the old store, sure enough.
Big round stove in the middle of the floor. Cracker
bar’l right handy. Old show-case with old-fashioned
candy tn it. and more in old-fashioned jars back
on the shelves behind the counter. You can al
most catch the mingled odors of dried fish, kero
sene coffee berries, and corned beef. Ah. well-a-day!
What, in view of this, is all our vaunted progress?
What, after all. are airplanes, and automobiles, and
A bombs?
I sighed. “Quaintness is icumen in cuccu,
cuccu!” Said Miss X. English major in a university
'she plans to teach Middle English to those in whom
Middle English is a felt need) and wears flat heels,
and enormous dark-plastic-shrlled glasses and has a
droop-jaw. adenoidal expression: “Cook who?” Said
I, “What do you mean?” Said she, “You said ’eook
who?’ and I was trying to cooperate. I supposed
it was on* nf those knock, knock’ things.” Lhude!
r/r/v
WASHWGTOX LETTER
Sounding
WASHINGTON It is a tru
ism that the statesmen respon
sible for the policies of free
countries need the support of
public opinion in order to give
these policies validity and force.
The main problem is to pro
vide effective methods for the
concrete expression of this pub
lic opinion. Unless it is heard,
public opinion is like a violin
without strings or like a book
whose pages have not been cut.
A concrete example tn point
is offered by such an immense
ly important issue as that pre
sented by the question whether
Red China should be admitted to
the United Nations.
The I nited States Government
has clearly expressed its opposi
tion to such a step. Its spokes
men have presented cogent rea
sons against the admission of a
country that boasts of being a
communist totalitarian state,
that has proved itself an aggres
sor, and has violated the most
elemental laws of war.
Nevertheless, other countries
allies of the United States—
are apparently willing to close
their eyes to what are indisput­
LOUIS F. BVDEM
W hen W ill
The “neutral” repatriation
commission in Korea has proved
to be so un-neutral that the Unit
ed Nations
command has
been compel!
ed to file a se
ries of sharp
protests. The
rules set down
by the “neu
tral nations”
will aid the
Reds to bull
doze and black
mail North Ko
roans who want to escape Com
munist rule. The New York
Daily News correctly gays that
this is another “score for the
Reds.”
If this new setback were the
only one suffered recently by
the United States, it would be
most serious in itself. The “neu
tral” commission’s rulings dis
play an utter contempt for this
country and a subservience to
Soviet Russia that will not be
lost on the Asian peoples. To
put it briefly, our pledges to
these North Korean and Chinese
prisoners of nor are in danger
of not being fulfilled, and that
will not win its friends or in
fluence people in our favor on
the continent of Asia.
'New Acidemic Year'
This betrayal of our interests
and our pledges, in favor of the
Kremlin, has occurred so often
that we are entitled to inquire
as to how it happen* to come
about. If we read the comtnlorm
organ tor September 11, we get
a pretty broad hint. That issue
of the Kremlin'# directive sheet,
as so many issues before it. or
ders a new burst of activity
throughout the Communist world
“for the creative assimilation of
Marxist-l^emnist theory.” Every
Soviet fifth column and every in
dividual Stalinite is commanded
to advance “party education and
The Invinicible Man
4^
vrszvw
Board Needed
able facts. For reasons of ex
pediency, they seem prepared to
permit an open violation of the
United Nations charter and. in
effect, let Red China shoot her
way to membership.
There can be no doubt that the
basic instincts of the American
people revolt against any such
perversion of the principles the
United Nations stands for. They
support the Government in its
opposition to Red China's ad
mission. But this instinctive sup
port needs to be expressed in
such a way that it becomes aud
ible ev eryw here -particularly in
those countries where it is still
believed possible to maneuver
1he United Slates into a relaxa
tion of its opposition.
Fortunately, such an opportun
ity for expressing the convic
tions of the American people
has now been provided. Under
the leadership of distinguished
citizens, i*cluding former Presi
dent Herbert Hoover. Represen
tatives Walter H. Judd and John
W. McCormack. Senators John J.
Sparkman and H. Alexander
Smith, a nationwide movement
is under way to obtain signa
tures tn a petition to President
W e
Learn?
propaganda.”
Moscow declares that in every
country the Communists must
diligently prepare “for the new
academic year in the Party edu
cation network.” That this educa
tion is to assure the complete
obedience of Communists
throughout the world to the
Communist Party of the Soviet
Union is frankly stated.
The difficulty was, and still is,
that there is no indespread
counter-education to inform com
munity leaders and the Ameri
can nation as a whole of what
the Communist line actually is.
Had there been such education,
and had certain American lead
ers protited by it. the "neutral
commission” would never have
been constituted as it is. This
column has warned that Red
Czechoslovakia and Red Poland
as “neutrals” meant a Soviet
ruled commission. Both Sweden
and India, the two countries rec
ognizing Red China, have prov
ed to be followers of appease
ment. That the head of the In
dian State, Jawaharlal Nehru,
has always been a devoted ad
mirer of Lenin and the Bolshe
vik revolution can be learned
from his work "Glimpses of
World History.”
No Mor* Gesture
No one fully acquainted with
Soviet Communism, its determi
nation to succeed and its perfidy
would have agreed to any such
pro-Soviet commission. Educa
tion on the nature and tech
niques of Communism would
have prevented such a fatal mis
take and its subsequent danger
of turning over many anti-Com
munist North Koreans and Chi
nese to Soviet control.
The urgent request of the Sen
ate Sub-Committee on internal
Security that American educa
tion set up classes in the criti
cism and analysis of Commun
ism, “under qualified expert* in
1
In recent years, world com
munism, through its spurious
“Stockholm peace appeal,” has
succeeded in winning an import
ant propaganda victory. Now
the American people, and with
them the whole free world, have
an opportunity to win a resound
ing victory for their cause by
demonstrating the force of gen
uine and free public opinion.
the field of combating Commun
ism," is no mere gesture. It is
a matter of life and death for
the American Republic. The
longer such education is delayed,
the greater the possibility of
new pitfalls for the United
States.
New Soviet Slogan
In the very issue of the Com
inform organ to which I have
ret erred, the new development
of the Communist line is empha
sized: "For peaceful settlement
of international questions.” That
is the new Soviet slogan. And
in the New Tinies of September
19, direct from Moscow’, we
learn that American political
leaders are assailed for not en
gaging in sweeping “negotia
tions” with Soviet Russia. When
we observe how quickly this
Kremlin-initiated idea of wide
“negotiations” is snapped up in
certain leading political circles
in this country, we are tempted
to exclaim, “W’hen will we ever
learn?”
Conferences of this character
can lead only to one of two re
sults: A new surrender by the
United States to Soviet Russia,
such as look place at Yalta and
Potsdam and in the Korean
truce, or a breaking up of the
conference by the Kremlin. In
the latter case. Moscow will be
prepared in advance to accuse
the United States of having made
a failure of the conference. The
record of our relations with the
Kremlin has been one of contin
ual broken promises by the dic
tatorship. starting with the agree
ment not to engage in subversion
in the United States upon recog
nition in 1933.
No good can come from any
general "negotiations” with Sov
iet Russia. Even a primitive
knowledge of the philosophy and
operations of Communism would
tell us that
worn™
S”
I
Eisenhower, voicing opposition
to “the admission of the so-called
Chinese People’s Republic to the
United Nations.”
The petition to President Eis
enhower, listing eight reasons,
closes as follow’s: “The under
signed Americans respectfully
request the President of the
United States to defend the free
dom and decency of the Free
World by continuing to firmly
oppose the admission of the
present so-called Chinese Peo
ple’s Republic to the United Na
tions.
“They express the wish that
their petition be communicated
to the United Nations and the
hope that their appeal for peace
and freedom will be heard and
supported by all freedom-loving
peoples over the world.”
Do Catholics Believe
The Devil
Q. Do Catholics still have to
believe in the deml?
A. Catholics still believe that
the Bible is the Word of God
and that its teachings are true
and do not change with fashions
in belief. The Catholic Church,
established by Christ, teaches in
His Name with his guarantee.
The Bible and the Catholic
Church agree in teaching that
the devil STILL exists and so
Catholics must believe that he
does. In the Old Testament there
are numerous references to the
devil (e g. at the time of Adam's
fall, in the book of Job. and in
the life of Saul.) In the New Tes
tament there are many more
(Matthew 4:1 Luke 10:18 John
16:11, for example). In St. Luke's
Gospel (22:31) we have Christ s
warning that he will continue to
attack men.
Q. How can a human being
be the mother of God? Do not
Catholics place Mary above
Jesus?
A. All Christians accept the
evident fact that Mary is the
mother of Jesus Christ. We
know that a son may rise to emi
nence (e.g. royalty) above his
humble mother, but she is still
his mother. Christ was one per
son. That one person, and no ex
ample can be parallel, had two
natures. HE was God and man.
Mary was HIS mother. She was
not just the mother of His body,
of half of Him. It does not imply
at all that she is superior, but
that she stands in the intimate
place of a mother to Christ, Who
is God.
Q. Where is Molokai, Damien
the Lepers island?
A. It is an island of the north
ern Pacific group formerly call
ed Sandwich Islands, now the
Territory of Hawaii, Its area is
261 square miles, and it is fifth
in size and population of the
eight large islands. (Catholic En
cyclopedia) The leper colony was
on the Peninsula, a projection
of land on the northern part of
the island, and the expanded fa
cilities are still there.
Q. Are there religious orders
where middle -aged women
(single or widowed) may enter?
A. There are definite restric
tions in regard to age in most
religious communities, and not a
few do not accept women previ
ously married. The Visitation
Nuns, founded in France in 1610,
does sometimes admit older can
didates. For information anyone
interested might write to their
house in Toledo diocese (1745
Parkside Blvd., Toledo). The
Grail Press, St. Meinrad, Indi
ana. could perhaps supply infor
mation as to other religious com
munities which accept older can
didates and widows. One's con
fessor should be consulted in any
question of vocation, and he or
the pastor could likely supply
information.
Q. Who urns the Lily of the
Mohawk?
A. Catherine Tekakwitha
(1656-1680), whose cause is up
for canonization, is called by this
name. She was an Indian girl of
the .Mohawk tribe, born at
Aunesville, New York, who took
instructions from Jesuit mission
aries in 1667. After she was bap
tized she went to the Christian
FATHER HIGGINS
American la
bor movement
—by virtually
refusing mem­
bership lo the Christian unions.
The Christian unions were de
clared to be ineligible for mem
bership unless they would agree,
in effect, to abolish their own
international organization within
a period of two years. This they
very properly refused to do.
Since that time the predomi
nantly socialist staff of the
ICFTU, delighted beyond meas
ure that the Christian unions
are still on the outside looking
in. has pursued a policy of ignor
ing their existence insofar as
possible.
Picture Non* Too Clear
This policy was recently car
ried to ridiculous lengths in an
official ICFTU monograph on
the trade union movement in
France, the first in a series of
ICFTU publications on the vari
ous national trade union move
ments. The announced purpose
of this series is “to give «s clear
a picture as possible of the
birth, development, and struc
ture of the national trade union
movement, and to indicate the
problems facing the trade un
ions there at the present time.”
The first volume in the series
("The French Trade Union Move
men Past and Present” by Georg
es Vidalenc) is a very interest
ing book in many respects. But
it certainly doesn’t provide as
clear a picture as possible” of
the labor movement in contem
porary France. On the contrary,
it provides a completely distort
ed picture at the expense of
th* Christian, union*.
Exists?
reservation at Caughnawaga,
where she lived a life of extra
ordinary holiness until her
death.
Q. What are the Rogation
Days?
A. They are days of special
petition for favorable weather
for the crops and for the remis
sion of our sins. They occur on
the Monday, Tuesday and Wed
nesday before Ascension Thurs
day (May 11. 12, 13 this year).
They were introduced by Bishop
Mamertus at Vienne in 469 when
a great plague was destroying
his people.
Q. Who are mendicant friars?
Where did they get the name?
A. Mendicant comes from the
Isatin word mendicare, meaning
to beg. Friar comes from the
Latin word for brother, so the
mendicant friars are begging
brothers. The great period for
this movement was in the early
thirteenth century with the
founding of the Franciscans by
St. Francis of Assisi and the
Dominicans by St. Dominic. The
Catholic Encyclopedia lists the
Carmelites and the Hermits of
St. Augustine as mendicant or
ders too.
JJ. A friend of mine says that
priests should not dress differ
ently than other men. Is there
any Scripture text for it?
A. Does this friend apply his
principle to policemen, soldiers
and others who dress differently
than other men? While the par
ticular mode of dress for the
clergy is not essential and may
vary with the times and the
country it is important for the
priest to be as a light before
men. The Church to which Christ
gave authority to teach has the
right to decide what particular
regulations should govern the
life of her priests in their min
istry. “For every high priest tak
en from among men is appoint
ed for men in the things per
taining to God .” (Hebrews
5:1) and men should be remind
ed of his mission by his cloth
ing. There were many such reg
ulations in the Old Testament
priesthood and some have exist
ed throughout Christian history
as Christ s Church judged fitting
and useful.
Q. What is the difference be
tween a ctbonum and a chaltce?
A. The cibonum is a vessel
which contains the small Hosts
used for the Communion of the
faithful. The chalice is generally
smaller and does not have a cov
er. It is used for the consecration
of the Precious Blood and the
priest alone receives Communion
from it.
Is person bound tn con
science to pay when he loses
a bet?
A. If the object of the bet is
honest, thoroughly understood
and the two parties are free to
dispose of the stakes such a pay
ment is a real debt. There have
been great evils arising from ir
responsible betting throughout
history, but the principle re
mains that it can be a contract
obliging the loser to pay.
Send questions to Rev. Ed
ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Cor
ner, The Catholic Times, Box
636, Columbus (16) Ohio.
A Propaganda Mill?
The International Confedera
tion of Free Trade Unions is go
ing from bad to worse in its at
titude toward the Christian un
ions of West
ern Europe. It
got off to a
bad start in
1949 against
the better
u ment of
some represen
tatives of the
There are two non-communist
labor federations in France at
the present time, one Socialist
(Force Ouvriere) and the other
Christian (CFTC). The latter is
just as large and just as influen
tial as the former—even more
so. in the expert opinion of many
American labor representatives.
Catholics and non-Catholics alike.
One w’ould therefore expect an
official ICFTU publication on the
French labor movement to give
approximately the same amount
of space to each organization. In
stead of that, we find that the
CFTC, the Christian Federation,
is politely taken care of in a
couple of pages, whereas the
rest of the book is a very en
thusiastic build-up for Force
Ouvriere, the Socialist federa
tion.
Show-Down Called For
The author of this first volume
in the proposed series of ICFTU
monographs, Georges Vidalenc,
is entitled to his own opinion
about the relative importance of
Force Ouvriere on the one hand
and CFTC on the other. As an
individual partisan of Force
Ouvriere. he is free to write as
he pleases. The ICFTU, however,
was never intended to be a prop
aganda mill for Socialist unions,
much less a sounding board for
Socialist prejudices the field
of religion. If Mr. Vidalenc
wants to say, for example, that
ecclesiastical authorities “are
always inclined to be conserva
tive in outlook let him say so
till the cows come home—but
not under the official sponsor
ship of ICFTU.
The AFL and CTO, two of
ICFTU** strongest affiliates,
would be well advised, in our
opinion, to call for a definite
show-down with the ICFTU staff
on this important matter. Soon
er or later it must be brought
home to Mr. Oldenbroek and his
Socialist friends at the Brussels
headquarters that the ICFTU is
not the personal property of the
Socialist Party. The sooner, the
better—for the good of ICFTU
iteelf and for the cause of inter
national labor cooperation.

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