Newspaper Page Text
—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. October. 30, 1953 THE CATHOLIC TIMES Published Every Week by The Catholic Times, Inc. Columbus, Ohio NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tn P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio Executive and Editorial Offices: 246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio Telephones: ADams 5195 ADams 5196 Address all communications for publication to P. O. Box 636, Columbus 16, Ohio Pric* of The Catholic Time* S3 per year. All eubacriptiona should be presented to our office through the pea tor* of the parishes. Remittance* should be made payable to The Cath olic Times. Anonymous communications will be disregarded. We do not hold ourselves responsible for any view* or opinions expressed in the communications of our correspondents. Entered av Second Claes Matter at Post Office, Columbus. Ohio. St. Francis de Sales Patron of the Catholic Press and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Us! This Paper Printed by Union Labor We CAN Help For some reason or other, a child's dependence on its mother takes on added significance and depth in times of trouble. True, the child runs to its mother at all times, to share its joys and hopes, its failures and sorrows. It is, however, especially in time of trouble, that a mother’s sympathy, with her counsel and advice, is most needed and sought. It is in this role as Mother of us all, that the Church, in Her teachings on death and the state of the soul after death, brings to her children one of the most comforting of all her doctrines. To those who have no knowledge of God and of the Mystical Body.—that inter relationship of Christ and the Church Triumphant, the Church Militant and the Church Suffering—death must certainly be the most terrifying evil that can befall man. To them, it is the end of everything. To the follower of Christ though, death is not the end but rather the very beginning of that more perfect state of existence for which the souls of the just were created. It marks the final reward for those who have served Christ faithfully on this earth. Death is the separation of the soul from the body it is part of the punishment that man fell heir to through the sin of his first parents. It is not. the Church teaches, the separation of family ties or the dissolution of the bond of friendship. That person who has loved on earth is still existing and those common bonds oi love and friendship with all the duties of charity which they impose still exist This is the great comfort: the knowledge that even though the time of meriting is over lor the soul nf a departed lined one. we may possibly ten der him a greater service than we ever could have while He was on earth. Holy Mother Church teaches us that there is a place or condition called Purgatory in which the souls of those who have died in lhe friendship ot Christ, but who have not entirely satisfied tor the temporal punishment due to their sins, are cleansed or purified of all stain, seeing that nothing defied may enter the sight of God, and that we can help these souls by our prayers. Both the Council of Florence and the Council of Trent defined this doctrine, saying: “Whereas the Catholic Church, defined this doctrine, saying: “Whereas the Catholic hurch. instructed by the Holy Ghost, has from the Sacred Scriptures and the ancient tradition of the Fathers taught in oun cd» and very recently in this Eumenical synod that there is a purgatory and that the souls therein de tained are helped by the sutlrages of the faithful but principally by the acceptable Sacrifice of the Altar the Holy Synod enjoins on the Bishops that they diligently endeavor to ha\e the sound doctrine of the Fathers in Councils regarding purgatory every where taught and preached, held and believed by the faithful." To the Christian, there is no lasting, bottomless grief at the time of death. There is rather, lhe com forting assurance that if his friend or loved one is suffering he can do something to help him maybe more than he was ever ahle to do for him on earth. Cardinal Wiseman summed up this doctrine, which seconds all the purest feelings of the human heart when he said: “Sweet is the consolation of the dying man, who. conscious of imperfection, believes that there are others to make intercession for him when his own time for merit has expired: soothing to the afflicted survivors the thought that they possess powerful means of reliexing their friend.” November is the month dedicated in a special way to the Suffering Souls in purgatory. It should be the duty and the pleasure ot every Catholic to shorten the suffering of those souls by special de votions and prayers for the Poor Souls during this month. A list of the prayers and devotions e penally indulgcnced by the Church for this in tention during the month of November will he found on page one of this edition of your atholic Times. Un looked For Benefit Among all the stones that appear every day of the increasing rash of seasonal vandalism. comes the pleasant news that many children are being taught to celebrate Halloween with more of its original religious flavor This could well have a tai reaching effect beyond the saving of neighbors' nerves and property. We see it teaching the children that they can have just as much fun, probably more in fact, in doing some thing constructive instead of something destructive. Not a small or insignificant point! Our Ureal Freedom A privilege is nc\er so much appreciated than when it is taken away. The old swimming hole never seemed so attractive until the classes resumed and we were up to our necks in reading, writing and ’rithmetic instead of the welcoming waters of our favorite creek It was certainly no killing matter if we had to curtail our outdoor activities for a while. There was no duty attached to the privilege And we knew that with the turn of the seasons and the passage of the months our privilege would return again. Such is not always the case, though, with other privileges or rights. We have seen, more and more, the will of people once free, being shackled by un scrupulous leaders. Peoples who were once free to choose the men and manner of directing their own destinies are now unahle to voice even an opinion counter to the prevailing regime they can only parrot-like give unwilling assent. They have lost the privilege of the free election. Here in America we have that privilege. It is guaranteed us by our Constitution, It is essential to the maintenance of everything we hold dear about our government It is the very nature of a privilege or right that it can either be used or not used. The very freedom which our type of government preserves for all lets it up to each individual whether or not he will enjoy the privilege of voting. The sad fact is, though, that for many this priv ilege might as well not exist. Those who exercise their freedom by not voting might just as well be living in some Communist dominated land where the privilege no longer exists. Most of us would quickly, perhaps violently, re sent the accusation that we were not “Americans.” We would declare ourselves ready tn fight to remain citizens of this great country. We reverently stand at the playing of the “Star Spangled Banner." and pledge our allegiance to the colors whenever the occasion presents itself. With this is mind, it is good for us to remember that we are never less a true citizen of this country than when we fail in our privilege (which is also a duty) to vote. I^et us keep this in mind next Tuesday when the polls are open to receive our ballots, when the opportunity is given us to have our wish considered In the formation of the government in which we live. Just Among Ourselves Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate Just as Our Lord was perversely misunderstood by the prideful people who were determined not to heed Him even before they heard Him, so the Church is perversely misunderstood by prideful people through the centuries. We should not be alarmed by this fact, nor surprised at it. Our Lord told us to expect it: "They have persecuted Me they will persecute you.’’ And the persecution is mysteriously changed to blessing, for Christ has said that we are blessed when we suffer persecu tion for His sake. Besides, “the disciple is not above the master.” There is one unfailing mark about the verbal persecution to which the Church is constantly sub jected. That is its unimaginativeness, its deadly staleness. It consists in saying the same things over and over, repeating in a dull and almost mor onic monotone a little list of falsehoods that have been a million times refuted. The tune of the libel ers in high places and low is as dreary as the tune the old cow died of only the tune, despite its deadly effect of boredom, is one the old Church steadfastly refuses to die of. New words are set to the old tune but the old tune is never changed. When the pet expression of a moment is having its faddish run, it is used against the Church. One such expression that used to be popular is “enslavement of reason:” that phrase has had its day. The currently popular word is “totalitarian a runner-up is “undemocratic.” Quite naturally, these current and popularly mean ingless mouthings are used to abuse the everlasting Church. One of the latest to hit the headlines with a tiresome tirade of cliches against Christ and His Church is the Mo Reverend and Right Honorable Geoffrey Francis Fisher. Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England. Wrapping his title about him. this august personage recently rose to give a word ot recommendation to a dirty little booklet published by the Anglican Society for Pro moting Christian Knowledge. We need not rehearse the tiresome round of charges and diatribes offered in lhe booklet,— au thored by ".Some Priests ot the Anglican Commun ion." for we know the old tune which is as repeti tious but not as melodic as "Three Blind Mice." The charges touch upon papal infallibility (“the doctrine is really nonsense"), indulgences, hale of rosary heads, discipline ol laity by clergy ("spiritual bully in "). proselytizing, covering factual divorce under cloak ol invalid and annullable marriages. There is a strong phrase that inevitably comes to mind when one glances over the old familiar list, furnished in the old familiar order, oi old fa miliar misstatements, misrepresentations, half and quarter-truths presented as full truths, and all with lhe snooty sneer of the hall-educated and upstart charlatan. The phrase is this, strong hut scriptural you will find it in Prorerbs. rrri, 11: “As a dog that returneth to his vomit, so is the fool that repeateth his folly.” Passing many of the items in this delectable dish of regurgitated folly, we pause a moment upon this “. it is well known that the countries of Western Europe in which communism is strongest to-day ate predominantly Roman Catholic coun tries’’ This is a notable example of (he half-truth or quarter-truth that even the hasement-hargain in telligence of “Some Priests of the Anglican Com munion” should be ahle to recognize as the shab biest sort of shysterism. These countries where Com munism flourishes arc Catholic in their background and tradition, and many devout non-Communistic Catholics live there to-day but these countries have been lor decades under the control ol anti-clerical and anti-Catholic governments, and filled with anti Catholic social and political organizations eager to do the work espoused by “Some Priests of the Anglican Communion.'’ that is. to destroy the atholic Church. The Communism which takes its rise from anti-( a tholicity is now, by sapient Britishers, exhibited as the natural offspring of Catholicity itself. And this in a booklet which Time calls, "a closely reasoned piece ol polemic.” Ah. Time, Time! Bui the thing to be noted here is this. A clergy man. or group of clergymen, setting out to upset a religious organization may be led to their gentle task hy what they consider abuses, or even falsities, in the institution they seek to destroy. But the plain est and most fundamental intelligence sees that their approach to their labor ought not to center upon what they, by personal infallibility, judge to he a faulty or false institution, but upon the ques tion of whether it is. by any chance, a divinely founded institution. If what they feel to be crying abuses and tremendous wrongs exist in a divine in stitution. they still cannot charge in and try to de stroy the institution. The Angelicans cannot hate the ('hurch of Christ more than the members of the old Sanhedrin hated it: they cannot more bitterly charge the Church with abuses, irregularities, falsi ties, "nonsense", than the Jewish Council brought against it. But Gamaliel charged the Council with words of sanity: “If this work be of men, it will come to nought but if it be of God, you cannot overthrow if, lest perhaps you he found even to fight against God." If the “Priests of the Anglican Communion.” bent upon doing a book about the Catholic Church, had had any sense, they would have begun their work with a little study, and perhaps a short prayer, to make sure that they wore not attacking the one true Church established by Christ. Even if they found abuses in it, they should remember that the Church is a wheat-field oversown with cockle: a net with all manner of fishes, good and bad. That Judas was a traitor was no reason for destroying the College of Apostles. It was still the College of Apos tles But the basic question never occured to the Anglican “priests’’ who hated Something, and wanted hotly to be at the work of chastising it. And to work they went, but hardly with the jolly Disney song upon thrir lips, "Hi ho. hi-ho. now off to work we go." It would he very amusing, if it were not tragic, to find solemn, if somewhat silly, clergymen chant ing infallibly that infallibility is “nonsense." It would be laughable, were it not also an occasion for tears, to discover churchmen complaining bit terly about "proselytizing." and claiming that it is unfair for a Catholic who knows the truth of his religion to show that truth to others, while the very complainers who think the religion false are trying to show its falsity to others. Where is the old English fair play? Where are those wond rous fields of Eton? Or can it be that the Anglican "priests" regard religion as a merely human social effort, with churches as clubs, and no club to make pretension to be the Club, with capital C? ITASHINGTON LETTER WASHINGTON More than 22,000 North Korean and Chi nese prisoners of war who have refused to go back to homes in communist-ruled lands are now’ in the custody ot the Neutral Na tions Repatriation Commission. Some 800 of them are practic i Catholics and prohahly sev eral thousand are Protestants. All of them have been denied religious care since coming un der the N.N.R.C.’s jurisdiction several weeks ago. Failure to provide such care— specifically to allow Chinese and Korean speaking chaplains io work among them points up the necessity for a clearer spell ing out of religious issues in international agreements. The POW's are being held in the demilitarized zone near Pan munjom. Korea, where they are guarded by Indian troops. During the next three months teams of communists will meet with the prisoners and try to persuade them to change their minds about not going home. But of the first 500 prisoners to meet with the Red “persuaders" on October 15, only ten decided to return to communist rule. It is evident, therefore, than an overwhelming majority of the POW’s will decide not to return LOL IS F. BUDENZ The head of the Political Sci ence Department of a large west ern university has written in with a suggestion that is more than welcome. This gentle inan, whom for the sake of convenience we shall call Dr. X, wants me to discuss: What is a Commun ist? He has put this to all of i s students and to many “generally well-informed" per sons, and the answers have been disappointing confused and even contradictory’. If this state of affairs is char acteristic of any considerable portion of educated America, then we are in a bad way. A cor rection should be made at once. "Mastery"—"Training" The Kremlin's followers know well enough what a Communist is, and are currently being stir red by Moscow to “deepen their understanding” of this subject. “Party education is a powerful means for educating conscious, active, highly principled fighters against capitalist slavery, for de mocracy and Socialism.’’ states the Cominform organ of Septem ber 11. “It is essential to insure that all the members persistently raise their ^ideological level and master Marxism-Leninism." Communitt't Twofold Task To state that the Communist is a member of “an army of inva sion." seeking to destroy this country from within, is to begin the discussion properly. He is one who is under "the iron dis cipline” called for by Stalin in his “Foundations of Leninism." engaged in the twofold task of It’s About Time I Religion In Future Agreements home and will have to remain in Panmunjom ’til January. Wheth er they will receive religious care during that time is still not know n. It is not kno vn because of the vagueness of the terms of the Agreement cn Prisoners of Mar signed last June by the United Nations Command and the communists. It is true that the Agreement calls for treating the POW's “in accordance with the specific pro visions of the Geneva Conven tion and with the general spirit of that Convention.” w’hich re quires a detaining power to pro vide ministers of religion for the prisoners it holds. But this already violated clause fn the Agreement is its only men tion—and an indirect one at that —of prisoners’ religious rights. On the other hand, provisions for their physical welfare and other rights are carefully detailed. A strong protest made last week by His Eminence Francis Cardinal Spellman, as Military Vicar of the Armed Forces of the United States, appears to have partially remedied the chaplain situation. Following it Lt. Gen. K S. Thimayya, chairman of the N.R.R.C. and commander of the Indian troops guarding POW’s, What Is A Communist? influencing the nation which he is seeking to undermine to do the Kremlin's will and. finally, through violence to smash the non Soviet government under which he lives. His World Outlook The Communist submits to Red discipline and to executing what the Kremlin wants done be cause he has accepted a certain world outlook. This has been simply explained in the final page of my book. “The Cry Is Peace," but it is contained in ev ery fundamental Communist doc ument. Perhaps more succinctly than anywhere else it is express ed in the concluding paragraph of the introduction to the Pro gram of the Communist Interna tional, which can be read today in the book. “Blueprint for World Conquest." The Communist bases his view of the world, and where it is “inevitably" going, on “dialect ical materialism”’ the assert ion that the world came into being without Divine creation and that in it an earthly para dise can be established from which God has been exiled. This is an animal paradise, with out state, compulsion, morality, family, or any restraint upon »he individual. Transition to Paradise It is only in this "classless so ciety” or Communism that “genu ine freedom" will ever come to pass, declares Lenin in his well known “State and Revolution." But before this era of eternal happiness on earth can be ob tained. mankind must wade through oceans of blood—accord ing to the Communists—until the world Soviet dictatorship has heen established, maintained, and consolidated Then—believe it or not—that dictatorship will "MAYBE You An Berr&t StartMW 1 JoknQ. Public In spite of General Thimayya’s attitude, how ever, the position he has taken on the chaplain ques tion would not have been pos sible had the religious rights of prisoners been given the atten tion they deserved in the June Agreement and been specifical ly detailed. That they were not is all the more surprising since it was to protect rights of a lower order—political rights— that the N.N.R.C. was set up in the first place. voluntarily wither away and in its place will come the Com munist society, banishing neur osis. ill-health and unhappiness. So strongly embedded is this Messianic idea in the Communist philosophy that G. M. Malenkov entitled his report ol last Octo ber "On the Threshold of Com munism"—that is. on the thresh old of “paradise.” It is true that in this report Malenkov says that there will be a “gradual transi tion to Communism," but he con cludes this document with the battle cry "Forward to the vic tory of Communism!” One Common Denominator he original false premise on which the Stalinite bases his view's—the denial of God’s exist ence. which leaves him unable to explain the origin of the world or of life—leads to all the other falsities to which he must ad here. His Messianic forecast of “paradise" on earth turns into a Frankenstein, marching across the earth with slavery and ter ror in its wake. But he is con stantly trained, exhorted, and taught that this view is the “in enviable law of nature and so ciety. Its acceptance becomes a part of his being. Those who operate under these delusions are varied in the parts they have to play. Anyone who has read my testimony before the. Senate Sub-Committee on In ternal Security on “the Commun ist spectrum" will understand that. These people range all the way from the espionage agent, completely hiding his Red iden tity. to the open functionary of the Party who must publicly up hold Communist doctrines and the line. But all have one com mon denominator the Com munist philosophy and obed ience to Moscow. INQUIRY CORNER v ’4 announced that he had decided to “explore the possibilities of getting chaplains from India.” Earlier the General had ruled that no chaplains would be pro vided for- the prisoners because India could not furnish priests or ministers who speak their languages. He had also refused to permit Chinese and Korean speaking chaplains offered by the UN Command free access to the prisoners on the pretext that the POW’s had not asked for them. An Indian spokesman added that camp commanders would not ask prisoners if they wanted chaplains because, “if we ask. they might think we were forcing them." It has been re ported. however, that the prison ers actually did ask for chap lains. FATHER HIGGINS How Much Must We Give To The Church? Q. How much do I have to give to the Church to fulfill the law requiring me to ‘contribute to the support of the Church?" One tenth? A. This law of God (I Conn Guans 9:14) and of the Church is not expressed in dollars and cents. The important thing is the right of the Church to sup port by the people so that its essential work can continue. The house of God must be built and maintained and Christian educa tion and charity must be sustain ed. The priest should have suf ficient income to enable him to carry on the work of God without distraction Ma 11 e w 10:9-10) Each Catholic is obliged in con science to bear his fair share of the financial burden of the work of the Church, expressed basical ly in support of his parish. This should have some relation to the needs of his parish and, of course, to his income. Q. A friend of mine, a Protest ant who is thinking of becoming a Catholic, wants to know how Mrs. Clare Luce can become a Ca tholic though married to a di vorced man. My friend is di vorced and considering remarri age some day. A. It might be said that your friend wants to know so that she can have the same kind of privi lege, mightn’t it? That is certain ly a better reason than the critical attitude taken by some who seem to want to discover the Catholic Church in a contradic tion. Every time the Church considers a question of a previous marriage, the Church presumes it is a true marriage until proven otherwise. In the case of Mrs. Luce you can be sure there was no exception made. If her own previous marriage or that of Mr. Luce stood firm under careful in vestigation there would be no chance of their marriage being accepted by the Catholic Church, The Church which lost England to the Faith because it refused to yield to divorce (Henr.v VIII’s) does not yield today when there is question of a true marriage. In each case the Church court acts on the evidence. Ask your friend to see a priest for advice about instructions and her mar riage status. Q. Why cannot a Catholic at tend non-Catholic services as a sign of good-will? A. Why could not the shep herds on the first Christmas night have gone to visit Herod in stead of the Christ-Child? When we know that our Church is the one which Christ established. French artist Maurice Denis. It is entitled “The Dignity of Labor.” The original hangs in a prominent position in the entrante hall of the International Labor Office in Geneva, Switzerland, a gift to the ILO from the Internation al Federation of Christian Trade Unions. Father Albert LeRoy, S.J., a fulltime member of the II,O staff for many years, has sug gested that this beautiful mural would not be out of place in a church in one of our industrial cities. Our Blessed Lord, the central figure in the painting, is surrounded by Joseph and Mary and a group of artisans, peas ants, and manual workers—some of them Galilean compatriots of the Saviour, others identified by their contemporary garb as 20th century workers. All are listen ing attentively to the words of eternal life spoken, on the eve ning of a hard day’s work, by the young Carpenter of Nazareth who was to tell His disciples a few years later that He had “compassion on the multitude.” The purpose of the artist is very clear. The words of Christ, Mr. Denis reminds us, were not spoken merely for' His contem poraries in Galilee. They were meant for the instruction of men and women everywhere until the end of time. And. as Father Le Roy points out. they are still the source to which thousands of men—whether laborers or clerks or members of the intellectual professions—constantly return in their search for a solution to the social problems of their own gen eration. Cordial Relation-* “This fresco,” in the words of Father LeRoy, “explains more clearly than any lengthy speech could do. the close and cordial relationship which has grown up on the basis of mutual respect between Catholics and the Inter national Labor Organization. Ca tholics recognize in the Geneva institution a powerful force which can bring a little more justice into this world.” There is nothing, he says, in the principles or practice of the ILO which need stand in the way of sincere collaboration by Ca tholics on the contrary, every thing invites them to support it with one flock and one shepherd we cannot show even implicit ap proval of others. Their members may be sincere, and we assume that they are, but they are not helped when we encourage them to keep a substitute rather than the real thing. It is possible to attend many functions and to take part in many activities show ing good will to all, but an im plicit denial of our Faith is no help to anyone. The early Chris tians could have gained good will (and saved their lives) by a speck of incense offered to the state religion, but they refused and died martyrs. Attendance at non-Catholic services, if no part is taken in the worship, is permitted for a grave reason e.g. funeral. Q. What are the names of the vestments the priest wears at Mass? A. The amice is the white linen cloth placed over the shoulders, about the neck. Over it goes the alb, a long white linen garment, somewhat like the old Roman tunic but full-length the cincture is a cord, usually white, tied about the waist to keep the alb in place. The maniple is a short band of silk cloth, of the color of the day, which hangs from the left forearm the stole is a long narrow band, also silk and hav ing the color of the day, which is worn over the shoulders and crossed in front of the body. The chasuble, like the maniple and stole of silk and in the color of the feast, is the cloak-like outer robe. Q. What preparations should be made for a sick-call? A. In the room where the sick person is there should be a small table beside him covered with a clean linen cloth. On the table there should be a crucifix, two blessed candles lighted, holy water, a glass of water and a spoon. If the priest is bringing the Holy Eucharist he should be met at the door with a lighted candle and should be escorted to the sickroom. After the sprinkl ing with holy water all should leave the room during the per son’s confession and return for the reception of Holy Commun ion. If the sick person is recei ving Extreme Unction there should be several balls of cotton and some material such as bread or lemon for cleansing the priest’s fingers. Send questions to Father Ed ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Cor ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636, Columbus (16) Ohio. How About The ILO? The Labor Day edition of The Catholic Standard, official news paper of the Archdiocese of Washington, ^featured a repro duction of a beautiful mural painting by the well known wholeheartedly in its patient ef forts to build up an effective sys tem of international labor legis lation. It is, therefore, not sur prising, he concludes, that since the very beginning, in 1919, Ca tholics have taken an active in terest in the organization and have come to regard it as one of the most important weapons in the arsenal of international peace. Father LeRoy, who at the re quest of the Director General and with the approval of the proper ecclesiastical authorities is still serving on the staff of ILO, pub lished the above endorsement of the Geneva institution 15 years ago. Since that time, while noth ing has happened to cause the Church to withdraw her sup port of ILO, an influential seg ment of the American population has turned against the organiza tion, charging it with being an instrument of state Socialism. Pinch of Salt Prescribed Within the past three or four years the U.S. Chamber of Com merce and the National Associa tion of Manufacturers, to cite but two examples, have both sponsored articles in their of ficial publications accusing the ILO of promoting a collectivist program in the field of social se curity. More recently a new pe riodical, The Freeman, has taken up the cudgels against the ILO. The October 19 issue of this well edited journal, which prides ‘itself on being a spokesman for the philosophy of so-called free enterprise, carries a severe at tack on the ILO by Don Knowl ton. Mr. Knowlton served as a member of the U.S. Employer Delegation at the annual confer ences of the ILO in 1951 and 1952 and previously reported on the proceedings of these two conferences in the pages of The Freeman. American Catholics would be well advised, in our opinion, to take this attack on the ILO and on the general principle of co determination with a generous pinch of salt. Mr. Know’lton is on the side of the angels, of course, in opposing communism and socialism. But he tries to prove too much, and thereby weakens his argument, when he implies that the principle of co-determination or co-manage ment is necessarily a Socialist principle. This is not true, Co determination or co-management under proper safeguard is, if any thing, anti-socialist in its impli cations. Some of its most effective proponents within the ILO are representatives of the Christian unions whose program of social reconstruction is solidly based on Catholic social principles.