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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, October 30, 1953, Image 4

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—THE CATHOLIC TIMES
Friday. October. 30, 1953
THE
CATHOLIC TIMES
Published Every Week by
The Catholic Times, Inc.
Columbus, Ohio
NOTICE: Send All Changes of Address tn
P. O. Box 636 Columbus, Ohio
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246 E. Town Street, Columbus 15, Ohio
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olic Times.
Anonymous communications will be disregarded.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for any view*
or opinions expressed in the communications of our
correspondents.
Entered av Second Claes Matter at Post Office,
Columbus. Ohio.
St. Francis de Sales Patron of the Catholic Press
and of the Diocese of Columbus, Pray for Us!
This Paper Printed by Union Labor
We CAN Help
For some reason or other, a child's dependence
on its mother takes on added significance and
depth in times of trouble. True, the child runs to
its mother at all times, to share its joys and hopes,
its failures and sorrows. It is, however, especially
in time of trouble, that a mother’s sympathy, with
her counsel and advice, is most needed and sought.
It is in this role as Mother of us all, that the
Church, in Her teachings on death and the state
of the soul after death, brings to her children one
of the most comforting of all her doctrines.
To those who have no knowledge of God and of
the Mystical Body.—that inter relationship of Christ
and the Church Triumphant, the Church Militant
and the Church Suffering—death must certainly
be the most terrifying evil that can befall man. To
them, it is the end of everything.
To the follower of Christ though, death is not
the end but rather the very beginning of that more
perfect state of existence for which the souls of
the just were created. It marks the final reward for
those who have served Christ faithfully on this earth.
Death is the separation of the soul from the
body it is part of the punishment that man fell
heir to through the sin of his first parents. It is
not. the Church teaches, the separation of family
ties or the dissolution of the bond of friendship.
That person who has loved on earth is still existing
and those common bonds oi love and friendship
with all the duties of charity which they impose still
exist
This is the great comfort: the knowledge that
even though the time of meriting is over lor the
soul nf a departed lined one. we may possibly ten
der him a greater service than we ever could have
while He was on earth.
Holy Mother Church teaches us that there is a
place or condition called Purgatory in which the
souls of those who have died in lhe friendship ot
Christ, but who have not entirely satisfied tor the
temporal punishment due to their sins, are cleansed
or purified of all stain, seeing that nothing defied
may enter the sight of God, and that we can help
these souls by our prayers.
Both the Council of Florence and the Council
of Trent defined this doctrine, saying: “Whereas
the Catholic Church, defined this doctrine, saying:
“Whereas the Catholic hurch. instructed by the
Holy Ghost, has from the Sacred Scriptures and
the ancient tradition of the Fathers taught in oun
cd» and very recently in this Eumenical synod that
there is a purgatory and that the souls therein de
tained are helped by the sutlrages of the faithful but
principally by the acceptable Sacrifice of the Altar
the Holy Synod enjoins on the Bishops that they
diligently endeavor to ha\e the sound doctrine of
the Fathers in Councils regarding purgatory every
where taught and preached, held and believed by
the faithful."
To the Christian, there is no lasting, bottomless
grief at the time of death. There is rather, lhe com
forting assurance that if his friend or loved one is
suffering he can do something to help him maybe
more than he was ever ahle to do for him on earth.
Cardinal Wiseman summed up this doctrine,
which seconds all the purest feelings of the human
heart when he said: “Sweet is the consolation of
the dying man, who. conscious of imperfection,
believes that there are others to make intercession
for him when his own time for merit has expired:
soothing to the afflicted survivors the thought that
they possess powerful means of reliexing their
friend.”
November is the month dedicated in a special
way to the Suffering Souls in purgatory. It should
be the duty and the pleasure ot every Catholic to
shorten the suffering of those souls by special de
votions and prayers for the Poor Souls during this
month. A list of the prayers and devotions e
penally indulgcnced by the Church for this in
tention during the month of November will he
found on page one of this edition of your atholic
Times.
Un looked For Benefit
Among all the stones that appear every day
of the increasing rash of seasonal vandalism. comes
the pleasant news that many children are being
taught to celebrate Halloween with more of its
original religious flavor
This could well have a tai reaching effect beyond
the saving of neighbors' nerves and property. We
see it teaching the children that they can have just
as much fun, probably more in fact, in doing some
thing constructive instead of something destructive.
Not a small or insignificant point!
Our Ureal Freedom
A privilege is nc\er so much appreciated than
when it is taken away. The old swimming hole never
seemed so attractive until the classes resumed and
we were up to our necks in reading, writing and
’rithmetic instead of the welcoming waters of our
favorite creek
It was certainly no killing matter if we had to
curtail our outdoor activities for a while. There was
no duty attached to the privilege And we knew
that with the turn of the seasons and the passage
of the months our privilege would return again.
Such is not always the case, though, with other
privileges or rights. We have seen, more and more,
the will of people once free, being shackled by un
scrupulous leaders. Peoples who were once free to
choose the men and manner of directing their own
destinies are now unahle to voice even an opinion
counter to the prevailing regime they can only
parrot-like give unwilling assent. They have lost the
privilege of the free election.
Here in America we have that privilege. It is
guaranteed us by our Constitution, It is essential
to the maintenance of everything we hold dear
about our government
It is the very nature of a privilege or right that
it can either be used or not used. The very freedom
which our type of government preserves for all
lets it up to each individual whether or not he will
enjoy the privilege of voting.
The sad fact is, though, that for many this priv
ilege might as well not exist. Those who exercise
their freedom by not voting might just as well be
living in some Communist dominated land where
the privilege no longer exists.
Most of us would quickly, perhaps violently, re
sent the accusation that we were not “Americans.”
We would declare ourselves ready tn fight to remain
citizens of this great country. We reverently stand
at the playing of the “Star Spangled Banner." and
pledge our allegiance to the colors whenever the
occasion presents itself.
With this is mind, it is good for us to remember
that we are never less a true citizen of this country
than when we fail in our privilege (which is also a
duty) to vote.
I^et us keep this in mind next Tuesday when
the polls are open to receive our ballots, when the
opportunity is given us to have our wish considered
In the formation of the government in which we live.
Just Among Ourselves
Pasting Comment Considered or Inconsiderate
Just as Our Lord was perversely misunderstood
by the prideful people who were determined not
to heed Him even before they heard Him, so the
Church is perversely misunderstood by prideful
people through the centuries. We should not be
alarmed by this fact, nor surprised at it. Our Lord
told us to expect it: "They have persecuted Me
they will persecute you.’’ And the persecution is
mysteriously changed to blessing, for Christ has
said that we are blessed when we suffer persecu
tion for His sake. Besides, “the disciple is not above
the master.”
There is one unfailing mark about the verbal
persecution to which the Church is constantly sub
jected. That is its unimaginativeness, its deadly
staleness. It consists in saying the same things
over and over, repeating in a dull and almost mor
onic monotone a little list of falsehoods that have
been a million times refuted. The tune of the libel
ers in high places and low is as dreary as the tune
the old cow died of only the tune, despite its
deadly effect of boredom, is one the old Church
steadfastly refuses to die of.
New words are set to the old tune but the old
tune is never changed. When the pet expression of
a moment is having its faddish run, it is used
against the Church. One such expression that used
to be popular is “enslavement of reason:” that
phrase has had its day. The currently popular word
is “totalitarian a runner-up is “undemocratic.”
Quite naturally, these current and popularly mean
ingless mouthings are used to abuse the everlasting
Church.
One of the latest to hit the headlines with a
tiresome tirade of cliches against Christ and His
Church is the Mo Reverend and Right Honorable
Geoffrey Francis Fisher. Archbishop of Canterbury
and Primate of All England. Wrapping his title
about him. this august personage recently rose to
give a word ot recommendation to a dirty little
booklet published by the Anglican Society for Pro
moting Christian Knowledge.
We need not rehearse the tiresome round of
charges and diatribes offered in lhe booklet,— au
thored by ".Some Priests ot the Anglican Commun
ion." for we know the old tune which is as repeti
tious but not as melodic as "Three Blind Mice." The
charges touch upon papal infallibility (“the doctrine
is really nonsense"), indulgences, hale of rosary
heads, discipline ol laity by clergy ("spiritual bully
in "). proselytizing, covering factual divorce under
cloak ol invalid and annullable marriages.
There is a strong phrase that inevitably comes
to mind when one glances over the old familiar
list, furnished in the old familiar order, oi old fa
miliar misstatements, misrepresentations, half and
quarter-truths presented as full truths, and all with
lhe snooty sneer of the hall-educated and upstart
charlatan. The phrase is this, strong hut scriptural
you will find it in Prorerbs. rrri, 11: “As a dog that
returneth to his vomit, so is the fool that repeateth
his folly.”
Passing many of the items in this delectable
dish of regurgitated folly, we pause a moment upon
this “. it is well known that the countries of
Western Europe in which communism is strongest
to-day ate predominantly Roman Catholic coun
tries’’ This is a notable example of (he half-truth
or quarter-truth that even the hasement-hargain in
telligence of “Some Priests of the Anglican Com
munion” should be ahle to recognize as the shab
biest sort of shysterism. These countries where Com
munism flourishes arc Catholic in their background
and tradition, and many devout non-Communistic
Catholics live there to-day but these countries have
been lor decades under the control ol anti-clerical
and anti-Catholic governments, and filled with anti
Catholic social and political organizations eager to do
the work espoused by “Some Priests of the Anglican
Communion.'’ that is. to destroy the atholic Church.
The Communism which takes its rise from anti-( a
tholicity is now, by sapient Britishers, exhibited as
the natural offspring of Catholicity itself. And this
in a booklet which Time calls, "a closely reasoned
piece ol polemic.” Ah. Time, Time!
Bui the thing to be noted here is this. A clergy
man. or group of clergymen, setting out to upset a
religious organization may be led to their gentle task
hy what they consider abuses, or even falsities, in
the institution they seek to destroy. But the plain
est and most fundamental intelligence sees that
their approach to their labor ought not to center
upon what they, by personal infallibility, judge to
he a faulty or false institution, but upon the ques
tion of whether it is. by any chance, a divinely
founded institution. If what they feel to be crying
abuses and tremendous wrongs exist in a divine in
stitution. they still cannot charge in and try to de
stroy the institution. The Angelicans cannot hate
the ('hurch of Christ more than the members of the
old Sanhedrin hated it: they cannot more bitterly
charge the Church with abuses, irregularities, falsi
ties, "nonsense", than the Jewish Council brought
against it. But Gamaliel charged the Council with
words of sanity: “If this work be of men, it
will come to nought but if it be of God, you cannot
overthrow if, lest perhaps you he found even to
fight against God."
If the “Priests of the Anglican Communion.”
bent upon doing a book about the Catholic Church,
had had any sense, they would have begun their
work with a little study, and perhaps a short prayer,
to make sure that they wore not attacking the one
true Church established by Christ. Even if they
found abuses in it, they should remember that
the Church is a wheat-field oversown with cockle: a
net with all manner of fishes, good and bad. That
Judas was a traitor was no reason for destroying the
College of Apostles. It was still the College of Apos
tles But the basic question never occured to the
Anglican “priests’’ who hated Something, and
wanted hotly to be at the work of chastising it. And
to work they went, but hardly with the jolly Disney
song upon thrir lips, "Hi ho. hi-ho. now off to work
we go."
It would he very amusing, if it were not tragic,
to find solemn, if somewhat silly, clergymen chant
ing infallibly that infallibility is “nonsense." It
would be laughable, were it not also an occasion
for tears, to discover churchmen complaining bit
terly about "proselytizing." and claiming that it is
unfair for a Catholic who knows the truth of his
religion to show that truth to others, while the
very complainers who think the religion false
are trying to show its falsity to others. Where is
the old English fair play? Where are those wond
rous fields of Eton? Or can it be that the Anglican
"priests" regard religion as a merely human social
effort, with churches as clubs, and no club to make
pretension to be the Club, with capital C?
ITASHINGTON LETTER
WASHINGTON More than
22,000 North Korean and Chi
nese prisoners of war who have
refused to go back to homes in
communist-ruled lands are now’
in the custody ot the Neutral Na
tions Repatriation Commission.
Some 800 of them are practic
i Catholics and prohahly sev
eral thousand are Protestants.
All of them have been denied
religious care since coming un
der the N.N.R.C.’s jurisdiction
several weeks ago.
Failure to provide such care—
specifically to allow Chinese and
Korean speaking chaplains io
work among them points up
the necessity for a clearer spell
ing out of religious issues in
international agreements.
The POW's are being held in
the demilitarized zone near Pan
munjom. Korea, where they are
guarded by Indian troops. During
the next three months teams of
communists will meet with the
prisoners and try to persuade
them to change their minds about
not going home. But of the first
500 prisoners to meet with the
Red “persuaders" on October 15,
only ten decided to return to
communist rule.
It is evident, therefore, than an
overwhelming majority of the
POW’s will decide not to return
LOL IS F. BUDENZ
The head of the Political Sci
ence Department of a large west
ern university has written in
with a suggestion that is more
than welcome.
This gentle
inan, whom for
the sake of
convenience we
shall call Dr.
X, wants me to
discuss: What
is a Commun
ist? He has put
this to all of
i s students
and to many
“generally well-informed" per
sons, and the answers have been
disappointing confused and
even contradictory’.
If this state of affairs is char
acteristic of any considerable
portion of educated America,
then we are in a bad way. A cor
rection should be made at once.
"Mastery"—"Training"
The Kremlin's followers know
well enough what a Communist
is, and are currently being stir
red by Moscow to “deepen their
understanding” of this subject.
“Party education is a powerful
means for educating conscious,
active, highly principled fighters
against capitalist slavery, for de
mocracy and Socialism.’’ states
the Cominform organ of Septem
ber 11. “It is essential to insure
that all the members persistently
raise their ^ideological level and
master Marxism-Leninism."
Communitt't Twofold Task
To state that the Communist
is a member of “an army of inva
sion." seeking to destroy this
country from within, is to begin
the discussion properly. He is
one who is under "the iron dis
cipline” called for by Stalin in
his “Foundations of Leninism."
engaged in the twofold task of
It’s About Time
I
Religion In Future Agreements
home and will have to remain in
Panmunjom ’til January. Wheth
er they will receive religious
care during that time is still not
know n. It is not kno vn because
of the vagueness of the terms of
the Agreement cn Prisoners of
Mar signed last June by the
United Nations Command and
the communists.
It is true that the Agreement
calls for treating the POW's “in
accordance with the specific pro
visions of the Geneva Conven
tion and with the general spirit
of that Convention.” w’hich re
quires a detaining power to pro
vide ministers of religion for
the prisoners it holds.
But this already violated clause
fn the Agreement is its only men
tion—and an indirect one at that
—of prisoners’ religious rights.
On the other hand, provisions for
their physical welfare and other
rights are carefully detailed.
A strong protest made last
week by His Eminence Francis
Cardinal Spellman, as Military
Vicar of the Armed Forces of the
United States, appears to have
partially remedied the chaplain
situation. Following it Lt. Gen.
K S. Thimayya, chairman of the
N.R.R.C. and commander of the
Indian troops guarding POW’s,
What Is A Communist?
influencing the nation which he
is seeking to undermine to do
the Kremlin's will and. finally,
through violence to smash the
non Soviet government under
which he lives.
His World Outlook
The Communist submits to
Red discipline and to executing
what the Kremlin wants done be
cause he has accepted a certain
world outlook. This has been
simply explained in the final
page of my book. “The Cry Is
Peace," but it is contained in ev
ery fundamental Communist doc
ument. Perhaps more succinctly
than anywhere else it is express
ed in the concluding paragraph
of the introduction to the Pro
gram of the Communist Interna
tional, which can be read today
in the book. “Blueprint for World
Conquest."
The Communist bases his view
of the world, and where it is
“inevitably" going, on “dialect
ical materialism”’ the assert
ion that the world came into
being without Divine creation
and that in it an earthly para
dise can be established from
which God has been exiled.
This is an animal paradise, with
out state, compulsion, morality,
family, or any restraint upon »he
individual.
Transition to Paradise
It is only in this "classless so
ciety” or Communism that “genu
ine freedom" will ever come to
pass, declares Lenin in his well
known “State and Revolution."
But before this era of eternal
happiness on earth can be ob
tained. mankind must wade
through oceans of blood—accord
ing to the Communists—until
the world Soviet dictatorship has
heen established, maintained,
and consolidated Then—believe
it or not—that dictatorship will
"MAYBE You An Berr&t
StartMW
1
JoknQ. Public
In spite of General Thimayya’s
attitude, how ever, the position he
has taken on the chaplain ques
tion would not have been pos
sible had the religious rights of
prisoners been given the atten
tion they deserved in the June
Agreement and been specifical
ly detailed. That they were not
is all the more surprising since
it was to protect rights of a
lower order—political rights—
that the N.N.R.C. was set up in
the first place.
voluntarily wither away and in
its place will come the Com
munist society, banishing neur
osis. ill-health and unhappiness.
So strongly embedded is this
Messianic idea in the Communist
philosophy that G. M. Malenkov
entitled his report ol last Octo
ber "On the Threshold of Com
munism"—that is. on the thresh
old of “paradise.” It is true that
in this report Malenkov says that
there will be a “gradual transi
tion to Communism," but he con
cludes this document with the
battle cry "Forward to the vic
tory of Communism!”
One Common Denominator
he original false premise on
which the Stalinite bases his
view's—the denial of God’s exist
ence. which leaves him unable to
explain the origin of the world
or of life—leads to all the other
falsities to which he must ad
here. His Messianic forecast of
“paradise" on earth turns into
a Frankenstein, marching across
the earth with slavery and ter
ror in its wake. But he is con
stantly trained, exhorted, and
taught that this view is the “in
enviable law of nature and so
ciety. Its acceptance becomes a
part of his being.
Those who operate under these
delusions are varied in the parts
they have to play. Anyone who
has read my testimony before
the. Senate Sub-Committee on In
ternal Security on “the Commun
ist spectrum" will understand
that. These people range all the
way from the espionage agent,
completely hiding his Red iden
tity. to the open functionary of
the Party who must publicly up
hold Communist doctrines and
the line. But all have one com
mon denominator the Com
munist philosophy and obed
ience to Moscow.
INQUIRY CORNER
v ’4
announced that he had decided
to “explore the possibilities of
getting chaplains from India.”
Earlier the General had ruled
that no chaplains would be pro
vided for- the prisoners because
India could not furnish priests
or ministers who speak their
languages. He had also refused
to permit Chinese and Korean
speaking chaplains offered by
the UN Command free access to
the prisoners on the pretext that
the POW’s had not asked for
them. An Indian spokesman
added that camp commanders
would not ask prisoners if they
wanted chaplains because, “if
we ask. they might think we were
forcing them." It has been re
ported. however, that the prison
ers actually did ask for chap
lains.
FATHER HIGGINS
How Much Must We
Give To The Church?
Q. How much do I have to give
to the Church to fulfill the law
requiring me to ‘contribute to the
support of the Church?" One
tenth?
A. This law of God (I Conn
Guans 9:14) and of the Church
is not expressed in dollars and
cents. The important thing is
the right of the Church to sup
port by the people so that its
essential work can continue. The
house of God must be built and
maintained and Christian educa
tion and charity must be sustain
ed. The priest should have suf
ficient income to enable him to
carry on the work of God without
distraction Ma 11 e w 10:9-10)
Each Catholic is obliged in con
science to bear his fair share of
the financial burden of the work
of the Church, expressed basical
ly in support of his parish. This
should have some relation to the
needs of his parish and, of
course, to his income.
Q. A friend of mine, a Protest
ant who is thinking of becoming
a Catholic, wants to know how
Mrs. Clare Luce can become a Ca
tholic though married to a di
vorced man. My friend is di
vorced and considering remarri
age some day.
A. It might be said that your
friend wants to know so that she
can have the same kind of privi
lege, mightn’t it? That is certain
ly a better reason than the
critical attitude taken by some
who seem to want to discover the
Catholic Church in a contradic
tion. Every time the Church
considers a question of a previous
marriage, the Church presumes
it is a true marriage until proven
otherwise. In the case of Mrs.
Luce you can be sure there was
no exception made. If her own
previous marriage or that of Mr.
Luce stood firm under careful in
vestigation there would be no
chance of their marriage being
accepted by the Catholic Church,
The Church which lost England
to the Faith because it refused to
yield to divorce (Henr.v VIII’s)
does not yield today when there
is question of a true marriage.
In each case the Church court
acts on the evidence. Ask your
friend to see a priest for advice
about instructions and her mar
riage status.
Q. Why cannot a Catholic at
tend non-Catholic services as a
sign of good-will?
A. Why could not the shep
herds on the first Christmas
night have gone to visit Herod in
stead of the Christ-Child? When
we know that our Church is the
one which Christ established.
French artist
Maurice Denis.
It is entitled
“The Dignity
of Labor.” The
original hangs
in a prominent
position in the
entrante hall
of the International Labor Office
in Geneva, Switzerland, a gift
to the ILO from the Internation
al Federation of Christian Trade
Unions.
Father Albert LeRoy, S.J., a
fulltime member of the II,O
staff for many years, has sug
gested that this beautiful mural
would not be out of place in a
church in one of our industrial
cities. Our Blessed Lord, the
central figure in the painting, is
surrounded by Joseph and Mary
and a group of artisans, peas
ants, and manual workers—some
of them Galilean compatriots of
the Saviour, others identified by
their contemporary garb as 20th
century workers. All are listen
ing attentively to the words of
eternal life spoken, on the eve
ning of a hard day’s work, by the
young Carpenter of Nazareth
who was to tell His disciples a
few years later that He had
“compassion on the multitude.”
The purpose of the artist is
very clear. The words of Christ,
Mr. Denis reminds us, were not
spoken merely for' His contem
poraries in Galilee. They were
meant for the instruction of men
and women everywhere until the
end of time. And. as Father Le
Roy points out. they are still the
source to which thousands of
men—whether laborers or clerks
or members of the intellectual
professions—constantly return in
their search for a solution to the
social problems of their own gen
eration.
Cordial Relation-*
“This fresco,” in the words of
Father LeRoy, “explains more
clearly than any lengthy speech
could do. the close and cordial
relationship which has grown up
on the basis of mutual respect
between Catholics and the Inter
national Labor Organization. Ca
tholics recognize in the Geneva
institution a powerful force
which can bring a little more
justice into this world.”
There is nothing, he says, in
the principles or practice of the
ILO which need stand in the way
of sincere collaboration by Ca
tholics on the contrary, every
thing invites them to support it
with one flock and one shepherd
we cannot show even implicit ap
proval of others. Their members
may be sincere, and we assume
that they are, but they are not
helped when we encourage them
to keep a substitute rather than
the real thing. It is possible to
attend many functions and to
take part in many activities show
ing good will to all, but an im
plicit denial of our Faith is no
help to anyone. The early Chris
tians could have gained good
will (and saved their lives) by a
speck of incense offered to the
state religion, but they refused
and died martyrs. Attendance
at non-Catholic services, if no
part is taken in the worship, is
permitted for a grave reason e.g.
funeral.
Q. What are the names of the
vestments the priest wears at
Mass?
A. The amice is the white linen
cloth placed over the shoulders,
about the neck. Over it goes the
alb, a long white linen garment,
somewhat like the old Roman
tunic but full-length the cincture
is a cord, usually white, tied
about the waist to keep the alb
in place. The maniple is a short
band of silk cloth, of the color
of the day, which hangs from the
left forearm the stole is a long
narrow band, also silk and hav
ing the color of the day, which is
worn over the shoulders and
crossed in front of the body. The
chasuble, like the maniple and
stole of silk and in the color of
the feast, is the cloak-like outer
robe.
Q. What preparations should
be made for a sick-call?
A. In the room where the sick
person is there should be a small
table beside him covered with a
clean linen cloth. On the table
there should be a crucifix, two
blessed candles lighted, holy
water, a glass of water and a
spoon. If the priest is bringing
the Holy Eucharist he should be
met at the door with a lighted
candle and should be escorted to
the sickroom. After the sprinkl
ing with holy water all should
leave the room during the per
son’s confession and return for
the reception of Holy Commun
ion. If the sick person is recei
ving Extreme Unction there
should be several balls of cotton
and some material such as bread
or lemon for cleansing the
priest’s fingers.
Send questions to Father Ed
ward F. Healey, The Inquiry Cor
ner, The Catholic Times, Box 636,
Columbus (16) Ohio.
How About The ILO?
The Labor Day edition of The
Catholic Standard, official news
paper of the Archdiocese of
Washington, ^featured a repro
duction of a
beautiful mural
painting by the
well known
wholeheartedly in its patient ef
forts to build up an effective sys
tem of international labor legis
lation. It is, therefore, not sur
prising, he concludes, that since
the very beginning, in 1919, Ca
tholics have taken an active in
terest in the organization and
have come to regard it as one of
the most important weapons in
the arsenal of international
peace.
Father LeRoy, who at the re
quest of the Director General and
with the approval of the proper
ecclesiastical authorities is still
serving on the staff of ILO, pub
lished the above endorsement of
the Geneva institution 15 years
ago. Since that time, while noth
ing has happened to cause the
Church to withdraw her sup
port of ILO, an influential seg
ment of the American population
has turned against the organiza
tion, charging it with being an
instrument of state Socialism.
Pinch of Salt Prescribed
Within the past three or four
years the U.S. Chamber of Com
merce and the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers, to cite
but two examples, have both
sponsored articles in their of
ficial publications accusing the
ILO of promoting a collectivist
program in the field of social se
curity. More recently a new pe
riodical, The Freeman, has taken
up the cudgels against the ILO.
The October 19 issue of this well
edited journal, which prides
‘itself on being a spokesman for
the philosophy of so-called free
enterprise, carries a severe at
tack on the ILO by Don Knowl
ton. Mr. Knowlton served as a
member of the U.S. Employer
Delegation at the annual confer
ences of the ILO in 1951 and
1952 and previously reported on
the proceedings of these two
conferences in the pages of The
Freeman.
American Catholics would be
well advised, in our opinion, to
take this attack on the ILO and
on the general principle of co
determination with a generous
pinch of salt. Mr. Know’lton is
on the side of the angels, of
course, in opposing communism
and socialism. But he tries to
prove too much, and thereby
weakens his argument, when he
implies that the principle of
co-determination or co-manage
ment is necessarily a Socialist
principle. This is not true, Co
determination or co-management
under proper safeguard is, if any
thing, anti-socialist in its impli
cations. Some of its most effective
proponents within the ILO are
representatives of the Christian
unions whose program of social
reconstruction is solidly based
on Catholic social principles.

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