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The Catholic times. [volume] (Columbus, Ohio) 1951-current, November 06, 1953, Image 3

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24 E. Third Ave
Columbus, Ohio
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Roving Mobs Attack Bishops,
Priests As Regime Looks On
GRAZ, Austria (NC) Full reports have now reached
here of the bloody Red violence against Yugoslav Bishops and
their assistants reported sketchily in recent weeks.
According to the complete and reliable reports reaching
here, the incidents occurred generally in two connections: with
the administration of the Sacra
ment of Confirmation, and the gov
ernment-sponsored priests’ associ
ation of Ss. Cyril and Methodius.
Auxiliary Bishop Francis Franic
of Split had a series of terrible ex
periences on an eight-day Confir
mation tour. At each place there
was a mob demonstration, never
composed of local people. He was
held within the church at Metko
wicz for twelve hours, being un
able to leave because of the mob
who had been brought
trucks from Spolac and
ing area.
there in
surround-
by their
The Catholics stood
Bishop, taking their positions with
him inside the church. The mobs
transported from place to place
were largely made up of soldiers
in civilian clothes or members of
the secret police.
From Metkowicz Bishop Franic
went to Vidonje whqre a mob seiz-
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Full Report Received Of Violence Tn
cd him and threw him into a truck
saying that it was forbidden for
him to be there. They hauled him
to Makarska where he took refuge
in a Franciscan monastery.
Prelate Ambushed
Soon, the mob stormed the mon
astery, hurling rocks. A delega
tion told the Bishop he must
leave. Faking courtesy and interest
in his welfare, they suggested he
leave the place by the monastery
garden to avoid violence. It was an
ambush and he was terribly beaten
in the garden and
senseless, by truck to
of his people who had
fend him were fired
jobs.
taken, half
Split. Many
I tried to de
from their
The secretary of Bishop Quirin
Bonefacic of Split was on his way
to the .shrine of the
Sinj when he saw a
ing. He was attacked
suffer too greatly
quickly took refuge in the Fran
ciscan house connected with the
shrine. He was put to bed. but not
for long. The mob broke into the
house and dragged him from bed.
pulled him out into the square and
beat him unconscious. The R£d
Madonna at
n.ob gather
but did not
because he
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Cross took him back to the Bish
op’s house in Split.
Priest Rescued
On August 3, Father Mardesic
Vojko, pastor at Pospijle on the
island of Vis, was prevented by a
mob from hoarding a bus home af
ter landing on the island. He had
to return on foot. A couple of miles
down the road he was severely
beaten by a Red mob and sustain
ed three broken ribs. A farmer and
several women came to his rescue
breaking up the attack and warn
ing him to return home by a dif
ferent way because there was still
another mob waiting lor him a
mile down the road.
Eighty-year-old Bishop Lajci Bu
danovic of Subotica was scheduled
to confirm at Sambor on Septem
ber 5, Upon his arrival there was
a violent attack in which the pas
tor was knocked to the ground
twice, a vase was broken over the
Bishop’s head and he was clubbed,
stripped of his collar and cassock,
thrown into a truck and driven off.
A couple of days later he was
brought back to Subotica.
The alleged reason for this
outburst was that he “was a col
laborator with the invaders." Ac
tually he had been carried off by
the Hungarians during the war
and kept prisoner for two years.
In July, Auxiliary Bishop Josip
Pavlisic of Senj was warned he
would be ambushed near Trsce par
ish by communist youths disguise^
as tourists and mountain climbers.
Therefore, he went directly' to an
other parish for Confirmation and
also wrote a letter of protest to
the Ministry of the Interior.
At the second parish he banned
all outward celebration customarily
held by the faithful in connection
with Confirmation. Still during the
Mass that morning an armed mob
stormed the church with the result
that many people in church were
clubbed and injured. After the at
tack the Bishop went towards the
rectory’ and was assaulted a second
time.
In reply to a letter protesting
these outrages, a Mr. Debelyuk,
head of a group of inspectors who
came to investigate, told the pastor
and people of the place that any
one charging violence against the
Bishop or people would be subject
to imprisonment.
*'l am sorry it
church," the Red
"but even I would
him outside because he is an en
emy of the people. The Bishop
is not acceptable to the people
because he persecutes priests
who want to cooperate with the
authorities of the people and
suspends them. He works against
the state and serves the foreign-
happened in
official said,
have attacked
Bishop Karl Celic, Apostolic Ad
ministrator of Banjaluka, had con
firmed in five parishes and was
due at a sixth at Surkovac on Au
gust 23. The day prior, a group of
150 men called on him and told
him that he was a criminal and
had to leave the place. “Come with
us,” they said. The Bishop refused.
The mob said it would give him
Consider
8
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Rates
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628 St. Charles Street
NEW ORLEANS
15fl00 Statements Mailed Each Month
The picture above may give you some idea of what goes on behind the scenes in the Diocesan
Development Fund office at the first of each month. Stacked up on tables is the major portion of the
15,000 statements that are sent out monthly. Mary Ellen Gordon, left, volunteer worker from St. Mary
of the Springs Academy, and Elizabeth Winn, member of the Development Fund Staff, have the task
of stuffing the statements in envelopes, sealing and mailing them. The drive is now past the three
month mark.
Holv Name
Notes
St. Agatha Holy Name Society
will have its monthly meeting on
Thursday, Nov. 12, at 8 p. m., in
St. Agatha school hall, 2757 An
dover Road.
Following a brief business meet
ing, with John D. Igoe, president,
conducting, a panel discussion will
be presented on the subject, “Is
ti e United Nations a Practical. Ef
fective Organization to Preserve
World Peace?” Participants will be
Prof. Roland Stenger and Prof.
Charles Morley, of Ohio State Uni
versity faculty, with Joseph P. Kin
neary, moderator. This event is
open to the general public.
A social hour and refreshments
will conclude the program.
The Holy Name Society of St.
Mary parish will have its recep
tion of new members after the
Holy Name Communion Mass,
Sunday.
Mass, a
to the
Father
spiritual director of the Holy
Name Society in the parish will
address the members.
Nov. 8. Following the
breakfast will be served
Holy Name members.
Francis X. Schweitzer,
Tjje group is planning a “Fath
er and Son’’ night for Tuesday.
Nov. 10. The guest speaker for
the occasion will be Special
Agent Daniel W. Johnson of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation
who will speak on the history of
the FBI.
two minutes to'change his mind.
Then they threw him and his sec
retary onto a truck and drove
away. The truck stopped and a
waiting gang hurled rotten toma
toes. garbage and refuse of all
kinds on them.
At the railroad station at Priedor
Bishop Celic and his secretary met
more violence and insults. They
took refuge in the stationmaster’s
office. The police remained passive
during the entire disturbance, ev
en allowing the mob to break into
the station and drag out the bish
op and priest and beat them.
When the train arrived, leaders
of the mob told Bishop Celic it was
a government order that he and
his secretary leave the diocese.
They again beat the Bishop until
he was a bloody mass. In the melee
the Bishop lost a suitcase contain
ing sacred vessels and his episco
pal vestments and crozier. The
mob dashed them under the
wheels of the train, and tried to
drag the pair from the train after
they had boarded it.
The trip lasted some 80 kilo
meters and the Bishop was even
clubbed on the train. He was
covered with blood from head to
foot, suffering gashes three inch
es long. When he arrived at Za
greb he was put to bed at the
Archbishop's house.
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Yugoslavia!Mystery
I
Anti-Religious
Policy of Reds
Hit by Jews
CHICAGO (NC) The Amer
ican Jewish Committee has called
attention of “worM opinion” to the
fact that “Soviet Russia and its sat
ellites are covertly continuing their
ruthless persecution of all minori
ties and religions.”
The hope that Stalin’s death
would end the persecution of all
minorities and religions by the
Reds has been blasted, the com
mittee said in a resolution adopted
here.
The resolution said subsequent
events show’ that communist rulers
are: secretly conducting framed-up
trials and deportations attacking
and purging Catholics, Prtoestants,
and Jews and condemning Jewish
leaders, long held in prison, to
“barbaric punishment.”
Secrecy is being employed, the
committee said, to “avoid the out
raged protests of world opinion.”
This new tactic of the Soviet Un
ion and its satellites is designed to
“terrorize and destroy secretly re
ligious and other minority groups”
behind the iron curtain, the Com
mittee stated.
The regime announced that it
had permitted the Cardinal to re
tire to a monastery. But the belie!
among Polish Catholics is that
he has either been confined to a
prison or spirited out of the coun
try. An earlier rumor stated that
the Cardinal was taken to Russia.
No Response
Meanwhile there has been no re
sponse so far to the appeals sent
by the Polish National Council
here Polish exile parliament—
to the world’s free parliaments
asking a formal condemnation of
the Cardinal's arrest. It was like
wise not expected that the United
Nations would take any action on
the matter, despite the protests
made to that international body
by numerous Catholic organiza
tions.
While the Primate's whereabouts
remain a mystery, new light has
At Guild Meeting
Bishop Ready will be the prin
cipal speaker at the second busi
ness meeting of the Elizabethan
Guild which will be held Thurs
day, Nov. 5, at 1 p.m., at the Con
vent oi the Dominican Sisters
the Sick Poor.
U.N. Delegate Rebuked
For Slur On Missions
UNITED NATIONS. N. Y. (NC) An Indian delegate
to the United Nations General Assembly received a sharp re
buke here for her slur on Christian missionary schools.
The rebuke came from the floor of the United Nations and
was given by Dr. Ennque de Marchena of the Dominican Re
public. who has twice served as
chairman of a United Nations mis
sion inspecting U.N. trust terri
tories.
The Indian charge was made by
Mrs. Lakshmi Menon, parliamen
tary secretary of the Indian For
eign Office and now serving as an
Indian delegate to the U.N. Gen
eral Assembly.
Mrs. Menon stated that, in the
view of the Indian delegation, the
fact that for decades education had
been in the hands of voluntary and
denominational agencies had had
unfortunate consequences for the
social and cultural values of the
people concerned. She charged
that thus educational progress was
hampered by social forces and so
cial forces, in turn, were influenc
ed by political considerations. She
also declared that the formerly
widely accepted belief that Europe
an culture was the only culture
worth striving for had proved base
less.
In reply to Mrs. Menon, Dr. de
Marchena said her “expressions
cause us infinite sorrow and dis
turbance.
Referring to his journeys through
East Africa and the Pacific Terri
tories as Chairman of the UN Vis
iting Mission, Dr. de Marchena
said he found that "the labor of
the missions is praiseworthy, en
duringly beneficial, and, so far as
abnegation, sacrifice, detachment,
and nobility of action are concern-
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Friday, November 6,1953
i
be
by
Chairman of the affair will
Mrs. Frank Sullivan, assisted
Mrs. Jerry’ Anglim, Sr., Mrs. Vin
cent Donahue, Mrs. Paul L. Jones,
Mrs. Richard Feth. Mrs. Arthur A.
Miller, Mrs. Joseph L'ebbing, Mrs.
Major Woodyard. Mrs. James D.
Rarey, Mrs. Ray J. O’Donnell, Mrs.
Walter Zwigard.
The Fre-Christmas Candy Sale
will be discussed and order blanks
handed out. Orders may be made
through any of the Guild’s mem
bers before Nov. 15. Mrs. Law
rence Frank is chairman of sales.
The Retreat for Active and As
sociate members will also be dis
cussed. The Retreat will be held at
the Shrine of St. Theresa on East
Broad St. on the week-end of Nov.
13-15. Reservations may be made
through Miss Blanche Meagher and
Mrs. James P. Charles for active
members, and Mrs. Frank Vogel
Sr. for Associate member*.
Of Polish Cardinal’s
Whereabouts Still Unsolved
LONDON The whereabouts of His Eminence Stefan
Cardinal Wyszynski, arrested Primate of Poland, still remains
a mystery.
A thorough search for the Cardinal in the country’s con
vents and monasteries has failed to locate him. The search
was carried on in secret by Catholics and members of religious
orders, anxious about their beloved Primate, it-was learned
here.
been cast on the circumstances
surrounding his arrest with the ar
rival here on the text of a protest
to the regime written by the Car
dinal just two days before he was
seized.
The memorandum objected to
the slanderous propaganda aim
ed by the Red prosecutor at the
Pope, the Holy See and the
Hierarchy during the "trial" of
Bishop Czeslaw Kaczmarek of
Kielce. The memorandum was
signed by the Cardinal as chair
man of the Polish Bishop's Con
ference and Bishop Zygmunt
Choromanski as secretary. It
read in part:
“The Polish Episcopate considers
it an obligation of conscience to set
forth the following explanation
which we submit to the Council of
ST. CHRISTOPHER
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SCHMELZER'S
THE CATHOLIC TIMES—3
Ministers, in accordance with the
provisions of the Constitution.
“The allegation that the Apos
tolic See. the Holy Father and the
Vatican issued political directive
to the Polish Episcopate does no
correspond to the truth. The late
Primate August Cardinal Hloni
and the late Cardinal Sapieha nev
er transmitted to the Polish Bish
ops in the course of the work o
the Bishops’ Conference any in
structions of the Vatican concern
ing Poland's internal or foreign
policy. Nor has this ever been done
by the present chairman of the
Bishops’ Conference.”
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1

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