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Chriet’e Coming During Advent Vol. Ill, No. 8 Bishop Ready Reports Increase Of ‘B’ Films WASHINGTON (NC) The attention of the U. S. Bish ops was called to an increase during the past year of “morally objectionable in part” films by both American and foreign producers. The report was made to the U.S. Bishops at their annual meeting here by Bishop Michael J. Ready of Columbus, chair man of the Committee on Motion Pictures. Bishop Beady this year complet ed his term on the committee and was Succeeded on that five-mem her body by Coadjutor Bishop Will iam A. Scully of Albany, who was named chairman of the committee. Bishop Ready reported that the Legion of Decency’s classification B—morally objectionable in part for all—showed a four per cent increase over last year for domes tic films and a 20 per cent increase for foreign films. Bishops of the committee ex pressed the hope that the commer cial success of these films would rot act as an encouragement to producers or theater owners for fu ture exhibition of films of this type. Condemned Film* Shown The Bishops also noted with con cern that many theaters, including Grant Special Marian Year Indulgences VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) Catholics will be given extensive opportunities to gain special plenary and partial in dulgences during the coming Marian Year, according to an announcement here. The announcement was in the form of a decree issued by the Sacred Penitentiary, one of the three Vatican tribunals, under the authority of His Holiness Pope Pius XII. The decree, published in Osserva tore Romano, Vatican City news paper, set forth in detail the con ditions under which the indulgenc es may be obtained. A plenary indulgence may be gained by the faithful, the decree stated, on the opening day of the Marian Year, December 8, 1953, and on the closing date, December 8, 1954. Besides the always usual conditions confession. Commun ion and prayers for the Pope’s in tentions—they must visit and pray devoutly at a church built in hono* of the Virgin Mary, or, if in mis sion lands, in a Church or chapel dedicated to the Mother of God, December 8 is the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, It was to commemorate the centenary of the proclamation of the Immaculate Conception dogma by Pope Pius IX on December 8, 1854, that Pope Pius XII decreed the observance of the Marian Year. It was an nounced in the encyclical, “Ful gens Corona” (Shining Crown), dat ed September 8, the Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A plenary indulgence, the new decree stated, may also be gained, on the same conditions, on Mary’s Nativity, Sept. 8, the Feast of the Annunciation March 25, the Feast (Continued on Page 2) Crippled Condition Helps Doctor Care For Other Victims A 31-year-old Columbus man, erippled by polio since 1949, smiles at the prospect of spending the rest of his life in a hospital. But Richard Burk, even though paralyzed from the waist down, isn’t in University Hospital as a patient. He is a doctor, dedicated to helping afflicted people fight the same battle he already has won. Five days a week. Dr. Burk, with braces on both of his legs and crutches supporting his 175-pound frame, drives to the hospital in a special hand-controlled car, trans fers himself to a wheel chair and begins his tour of duty. Like himself, many of the pa tients in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Depar e n are crippled either from arthritis, cerebral palsy, muscular distrophy or polio. Dr. Burk concedes that his own condition actually helps him in his work- Undoubtedly patients are given a psychological lift when they see someone who has. to a great extent, overcome the tremendous handicaps produced by polio. "I guess it’s easier to teach pa tients to walk on crutches when you walk on them yourself,” he modestly explains. Dr. Burk traces his interest in infantile paralysis back to child hood. As an infant, his brother, who is now a student at Georgia Tech, was stricken with the dis ease. Because of this interest and be cause he always held physicians in (Continued on Page 2) some owned by large circuits, have been exhibiting films condemned by the Legion of Decency. "The managements of these theaters are reminded," the Bish ops of the committee noted, "that the Catholics of the United States are pledged to remain away alto gether from theaters which show such films as a matter of policy. Theaters which consider showing of a condemned film in the fu ture should bear in mind the po tential loss of Catholic patronage not only for that attraction but also others which follow it in the same theater." The Bishops lauded the self-reg ulatory process of the Motion Pic ture Industry and reaffirmed their approval of this instrument to pre serve and maintain a morally wholesome screen. Statistics Given Bishop Ready gave these statis tics for films reviewed during the past year by the Legion of Decency: One hundred forty U.S. films, or 41.67 per cent were A-l or morally unobjectionable for general patron age. One hundred twenty-four, ap proximately 37 per cent, were A-1I or morally unobjectionable for adults. Seventy-one or slightly more than 21 per cent, were B, morally objectionable in part for all. One U.S. Film Condemned Only one U.S. film out of a total of 336 was condemned—The Moon Is Blue. This film was produced in dependently and has been refused the Production Code Seal by the Motion Picture Association. No pic ture with the Code Seal was con demned. Of the 47 foreign films reviewed by the Legion eight, or 17 per cent, were classified A-I. Eighteen, or about 38 per cent, were classified A-II. Eighteen more were classified B. Three were condemned. The number of foreign films condemned showed a decrease of 11 per cent from the preceding year, Bishop Ready reported. The Bishops of the Motion Pic ture Committee also called atten tion to the fact that classification of a picture in an acceptable cate gory does not imply that the source of material from which it was made is necessarily morally acceptable. -------------------o------------------ More Bishops Reported Inducted Into Tito Army VIENNA (NC). Marshal Tito has stepped up the campaign against the Catholic Church in Yugoslavia by forcing the hier archy and clergy to serve in the army. Reliable reports reaching here tell of two more Bishops and 76 priests being conscripted into re cently activated army units. The two prelates are Bishops Charles Celik, Apostolic Administrator of Banjaluka, and Francis Cekada of Skoplje. Columbus Doctor Wins Battle With Polio Forty Hours Devotions will be held at 7.00 p. m. Sunday and the Blessed Sac rament will be exposed for public veneration all that day. Monday and Tuesday. Solemn High Masses will be offered on Monday and Tuesday at 8:00 a. m. and evening devotions will be at 7:30 p. m. A procession will close the three-day devotion on Tuesday evening. The Bishop will also preside at the clos ing exercises. Sermons will be preached at all the exercises by two Jesuit Fathers —Father John E. Reardon. S.J. and Father George L. Warth. S.J. Both are from the Chicago Province of the Jesuit Fathers. Assisting at the ceremonies will be the seminarians from St. Charles Seminary and the children of the Cathedral school. Dr. Rchard Burk of 56 W. Lakeview Ave., Columbus, does his work from a wheel chair in University Hospital. Here he watches John Lichty of Kenton using parallel bars, an apparatus which polio patients employ in re-laarning to walk. Dr. Burk is working for a Master of Medical Science degree under a fellowship from the Na tional Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. rr-' 1 i rp» Ohio Bishops attending the annual Bishops' Meeting held at Catholic University, Washington, D. C., last week, are pictured above. They are, left to right, Bishop Ready, chairman of the Immi gration Board, N.C.W.C. Archbishop Edward Hoban of Cleveland Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati, reelected chairman of the Opens Sunday At Cathedral Forty Hours Devotion will begin at St. Joseph Cathedral at 11 a. m. Sunday, November 29, with a Sol emn High Mass and procession. Bishop Ready presiding. Monsig nor Harry S. Connelly will be the celebrant, assisted by Father James A. Geiger, Father George A. Ful cher, and Father Bernard J. Mc Clory. All are members of the Ca thedral staff. The catholic Times Columbus 16, Ohio, Friday, November 27, 1953 Drive Begins To Keep ‘Christ In Christmas’ A ‘’Keeping Christ in hr simas’’ campaign is underwax this week throughout the ceti*. deanery sponsored by the Dio cesan Council of Catholic Women. Plans for the drive were outlined at a recent meeting of deanery parishes. The campaign was initiated in answer to Bishop Ready’s request at the recent D.C.C.W. Convention that more emphasis be placed on the spiritual aspects of Christmas to combat the wide spread materialistic celebration. Miss M. L. Hendricks, president of the central deanery, is campaign chairman. Her co-chairman is William Cohan of St. John Evangelist parish. Mrs. the will The many-sided campaign emphasize above all the proper ob Cooperation Is Theme As Teachers Meet WASHINGTON (NC) More than 100 superintendents of Catholic schools left Wash ington for their home dioceses determined to assure recogni tion for parochial schools “as part and parcel of the Ameri can scene without giving up our philosophy and princi ples.” Cooperation was the keynote of the annual meeting of the Superin tendent’s Department of the Na tional Catholic Educational Asso ciation cooperation with public schools, state boards of education and national educational groups. Among those attending was Fr. Bennett Applegate, Superintendent of Schools in the Diocese of Co lumbus. The educators urged better pub lic relations as a means to improve understanding between parochial and public school systems. Bishop Matthew F. Brady of Man chester, episcopal chairman of the Department of Education. N. C. W. C., told the educators to break down prejudice with facts. He call ed for "tact, consideration, appre ciation of others” in educational dealings. We are justly proitd of our schools. Bishop Bradv said, “but we must remember that we have taken much from the public schools in the improvement of our system.” "Learn to sympathize with the outlook of others,” Bishop William P? O’Connor of Madison advised the educators at another session. He said "a more peaceful adjustment of relationships between Catholic and public school administrators” could be reached if Catholic educa tors "try to understand the non Catholic mind.” "Good public relations are abso lutely essential if we are to maintain our right to educate,” Father James N. Brown of San Francisco, department president, said in an opening address, resolution bv the sunerintend at the meeting’s end declared improvements in public rela- A ents that tions must be “the concern of ev ery diocesan superintendent.’’ Man’s Dignity, Marian Year, Legion Of Decency Communist Persecution, Discussed By Bishops Administrative Board, N.C.W.C. Bishop Emmet Walsh of Youngs town, named assistant chairman of the Legal Department Bishop George Rehring of Toledo Bishop Floyd Begin, Auxiliary Bishop of Cleveland, and Bishop John J. Krol, Auxiliary-Chancellor of Cleve land. One hundred seventy-nine prelates attended the three-day meet. servance of Advent and prepara tion in the home for the great feast of Christmas. An all-out effort will be made to have every Catholic family adopt traditional Catholic programs and customs observed during the Ad vent and Christmas seasons. At the same time, literature describ ing the true significance of these programs and customs has been dis tributed to parish representatives who have been instructed copies to every family. to send descrip Advent Christ- The literature includes tions and histories of the Wreath, Christmas Tree, mas Candle, Nativity Scene and Distribution of Gifts. In addition, a Christmas Eve program for home is outlined. Others Offer Aid Papal Plan Seen Solution VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC)—Recent border incidents in Palestine serve only to illus trate that the Catholic position advanced by the Holy See for internationalization is the only reasonably sure and safe solu tion of the problem. This contention was made by “Osservatore Romano” in a front page editorial which states that the lamentable clashes there “prove that the situation in Palestine has not changed after five years of armed truce. Rather there is reason to fear that with the passage of time it will worsen.” The editorial repeats emphatical ly that the Catholic position re mains unchanged in spite of var ious assertions to the contrary. "More than once during these years it has been said—and not always with a right intention—that the Holy See’s attitude on the Pal estine problem had changed,” the editorial recalls. The falsity of these assertions is demonstrated, says Osservatore. by four Pontifical documents dating from May 1948. not one of which has changed an iota of the Holy See’s position. The four documents are: Auspicia Quaedam. and In Multiplicibus, October 1948: Re demptoris Nostric, Good Friday 1949, and the Exhortation of No vember 10, 1949. the the Other groups throughout central deanery have offered their aid in launching the campaign. Members of the Diocesan C.Y.O., Holy Name Society, Catholic War Veterans and St. Mary of the Springs College met recently with the D.C.C.W. to discuss plans and ways and means of encouraging other groups throughout the city to join the campaign. Monsignor Herman E. Mattingly, pastor of Holy Rosary church, presided at the meeting. A letter has been sent to the president of the Retail Merch ants Association asking that more emphasis be placed on the feast of Christmas as a day commem orating the Birth of Christ through appropriate window dis plays and displays in the stores. The letter urged the use of the Nativity Scene, Angels, and Ma donnas. At the samv time, it was recommended that explanations of the real meaning of the Christ mas customs be included in newspaper advertisements pro moting the sale of trees, advent wreaths, cookies and other Christ mas season items. The Associa tion has promised to cooperate. The campaign will be publicized on radio when the program “Date for Debate,” on WHKC, will be de voted to the Council women par ticioating in the drive. The women will discuss Catholic Christmas Cus toms on Wednesday, Dec. 16, at 1:30 p. m. DCCW Resolution The campaign is based on a reso lution passed bv the Diocesan Coun cil of Catholic Women which reads as follows: "Woman gave birth to the Son of God on earth. Women continue to give birth to the children of God. To woman is entrusted the sublime privilege and the solemn duty of nurturing families with the spirit of God. Today, individuals, fam ilies and nations are engulfed by the steadily rising and choking spir it of secularism and materialism. (Continued on Page 2) The continuing threat hanging over the Holy Places demands that their safety be finally assured, the newspaper said. “And new clashes could be avoided only if the city and its environs which we repeat are one whole and great Holy Place—were constituted as a ‘cor pus separatum’ with a true and proper international regime.” The prayer is to be read in Italian by the Holy Father at special ceremonies in the Basilica of St. Mary Major in Rome mark ing the opening of the Marian Year Released on the Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the official English transla tion of the prayer reads: Enraptured by the splendor of your heavenly beauty, and impelled by the anxieties of the world, we cast ourselves into your arms. O Immaculate Mother of Jesus and our Mother. Mary, confident of finding in your most loving heart appeasement of our ardent desires, and a safe harbor from the tem pests which beset us on every side. Though degraded by our faults and overwhelmed by infinite mis ery. we admire and praise the peer less richness of sublime gifts with which God has filled you. above every other mere creature, from the first moment of your Concep tion until the day on which, after your Assumption into heaven. He crowned you Queen of the Uni verse. O crystal Fountain of faith, bathe our minds with the eternal truths! O fragrant Lily of all holi ness, captivate our hearts with your heavenly perfume! O Con queress of evil and death, inspire in us a deep horror of sin which makes the soul detestable to God and a slave of hell! O well-beloved of God, hear the ardent cry which rises up from every heart in this year dedicated to you. Bend tenderly over our ach ing wounds. Convert the wicked, dry the tears of the afflicted and oppressed, comfort the poor and humble, quench hatreds, sweeten harshness, safeguard the flower of purity in youth, protect the holy Church, make all men feel the at traction of Christian goodness. In your name, resounding harmoni ously in heaven, may they recog nize that they are brothers, and that the nations are members of one family, upon which may there shine forth the sun of a universal and sincere peace. Receive. O Most Sweet Mother, our humble supplications, and above all obtain for us that, one day. happy with you, we may re peat before your throne that hymn which today is sung on earth around your altars: You are all beautiful. O Mary! You are the glory, you are the joy. you are the honor of our people! Amen. The U. S. Cardinals And Mary’s Shrine The four Cardinals of the United States, attending the annual meeting of the U. S. Bishops in Caldwell Hall, Catholic University, inspect the architect's sketch of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. To mark 1954 as the centenary of the promulgation of the Dogma of the Immaclulate Conception, it is planned to begin work on the great Upper Church of the Shrine. To raise funds for the work, the Catholic Bishops of the United States are conducting a nationwide ap* peal, to be held in most parts of the United States on Sunday, December 6. Left to right are: Cardin als, Mooney of Detroit, Stritch of Chicago, Spellman of New York and McIntyre of Los Angeles. Pray to Mary For Vocations To Diocesan Priesthood Price Ten Cents $3.00 A Year 179 Prelates Attend Three-Day Conference The dignity of man. Communist persecution, morality of motion pictures, the Legion of Decency and the Marian Year were among the topics of resolutions approved in Washington last week at the general meeting of Bishops of the United States. Holy Father W rites Marian Year Prayer Nearly 150 Bishops together with 4 Cardinals and 25 VATICAN CITY (NC) Vatican authorities made pub lic the text of a prayer for the Marian Year personally com posed by His Holiness Pope Pius XII. It makes special in tercession for the protection of the Church and the sanctifica tion of her members. Archbishops were on hand for the three-day conference at Catholic University. The general meeting of the Bish ops was opened by the Mass tradi tionally offered by the newest member of the Hierarchy this year bj Auxiliary Bishop Coleman Carroll of Pittsburgh who was con secrated just eight days before. Carrying on their deliberations under the chairmanship of His Em inence Edvard Cardinal Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit and senior The complete text of fhe Bish ops' statement on man s dignity is carried on page ten of today's issue of your Catholic Times. U.S. Cardinal, the assembled Bish ops took the following actions Issued a sUleme.’’t reaffirming mans dignity and deploring the growing “depersonalization” of man in modern society. Denounced '‘the bitterest, the bloodiest persecution” of the Church in all history, in the coun- tries “shrouded in the gloom of communism.” Commended that part of the mo tion picture industry which tries to maintain high moral standards in screen entertainment through the Production Code. Reaffirmed the Bishops’ confi dence in the Legion of Decency and urged that all the faithful re new the Legion pledge on Sunday, December 13. They also recom mended that the children of ele mentary and secondary schools sign individual pledge cards such as presented to adults in the churches. Urged each American Bishop to join in spirit with the Holy Father on the opening of the Marian Year on December 8. requesting that each Bishop have a solemn func tion in his diocese. Sent a message to His Holiness Pope Pius XII pledging the “filial loyalty” of the American Bishops. The prelates also reelected Arch bishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati as chairman of the Administrative Board of the National Catholic Welfare Conference. New members elected to the board were Archbishop Francis P. (Continued on Page 2) Confirmation Class All those adult converts from the Central Deanery who have not yet received the Sacrament of Confirmation are asked to contact their pastors in prepar ation for the conferring of the sacrament by Bishop Ready on Gaudete Sunday, Dec. 13, in St. Joseph Cathedral at 4 p. m. Mission Sunday Returns In Latest returns from the Chan cery Office indicate the three par ishes to lead in the recent Mis* sion Sunday collection are Newark St. Francis with $1220.20 Christ the King, Columbus, with $1182.19, and St. Joseph Cathedral with $1100.